2015 学年 第一学期
( 说明：本卷总分为 105 分，其中附加分 5 分，考试时间为 100 分钟。所有试题必须在答题卷上答题。)
I. 单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 1. 2. What _______ shame tha
t you couldn’t be there to receive ______ prize! A. a; a birthday cake. A. went on 3. 4. A. in charge of B. went out B. in memory of C. turned out C. in favor of D. turned off D. in need of The expert ________ the project should be responsible for the failure of it. Surely it doesn’t matter where the Student Association gets the money from; what _______ is how they deal with it. A. affects 5. 6. A. won’t you — ______ A. Ok. It’s a piece of cake! C. I have green fingers. 7. 8. 9. A. when A. all of which A. fault A. surprisingly study habits. A. splendid B. unusual C. average D. popular away 12. _______ his body and soul to teaching but ignoring his own health, Charlie Lee passed while preparing lessons at night. A. Devoting B. Devoted C. Being devoted D. To devote 13. — You look so tired. What have you been busy with? — I _______ a new book for the children recently. It will be finished next month. A. was writing B. am writing C. have been writing D. wrote 14. — Tom was stupid. He should never have cheated in the exam. — _______ How could he hope to escape being punished? A. Good idea! B. I can’t agree more. C. Please don’t worry. D. Why not? 15. I’m afraid this is the best way _______ we can think of _______ you. B. where B. all of them B. failure B. surprising B. Yes. I’m all ears. D. Don’t pull my leg. C. which C. each of which C. loss C. surprisedly D. who D. each of them D. fall D. surprised B. counts B. do you C. works C. don’t you D. deserves D. will you Don’t forget to give Polly some food and change her water, _______? — Jack, help me remove the chair in my way; I have full hands. B. the; a C. a; the D. the; the Suddenly all the lights _______, and then Mom came out of her room with a candle and a
He reached London in 1994, ________, some time later, he became a famous actor. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, _______ uses it differently. She keeps a supply of candles in the kitchen, for power ______ often happens there.
10. Didn’t you find that he looked _______ at the news? 11. Even the students with _________ intelligence can be excellent students after bettering their
A. that; helping
B. which; to help
C. which; helping
D. that; to help
II. 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） How often do you let other people’s nonsense change your mood? Do you let a bad driver, impolite waiter，rude boss, or an insensitive employee One day I was in a taxi and we headed hard on his started 21 19 17 16 your day? 18 lane the airport. We were driving in the 20
when suddenly a black car drove out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver pressed , and at the very last moment our car stopped and the other car by just inches！ The driver of the other car, the guy who almost caused a big accident, looked around and at us. 22 and waved at the guy. And I mean, he was 23 , so I said, My taxi driver just
“Why did you just do that? This guy almost ruined your car and sent us to the hospital！” This is when my taxi driver taught me what I now call "The Law of the Garbage Truck". He said, “Many people are like garbage trucks. They run around full of disappointment. As their garbage dump it on 26 Believe me. You’ll be take their garbage and 27 28 .” it to other people at work, at home, or on the street? It was then that 29 . The mark of your success is how 31 you 25 24 , anger and up, they need a place to dump it and sometimes they'll
. Don’t take it personally; just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on.
So I started thinking, how often do I let Garbage Trucks run right over me? And how often do I I said, “I don’t want their garbage and I’m not going to spread it anymore.” Life’s too short to wake up in the morning with quickly you can refocus on what’s 30 in your life. A study shows that
remember bad things more often than good things in your life, you’ll think of bad things more 32 . So love the people who treat you right. Ignore the ones who don’t. Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you 33 it！If you follow “The Law of the Garbage Truck”, you 34 go of the bad. take back control of your life. You make room for the good by 35 the harvest you gain tomorrow. B．spoil B．to B．right B．door B．overtook B．throwing B．smiled B．angry B．passengers B．pushes B．children B．happier B．share B．pleasures B．important C．spare C．in C．opposite C．window C．missed C．glancing C．ignored C．tired C．garbage C．holds C．you C．pitiful C．explain C．doubts C．strange D．steal D．for D．free D．seat D．lost D．shouting D．guessed D．disappointed D．goods D．piles D．dustbin D．frightened D．treat D．regrets D．interesting
Have a Garbage-Free Day！Have a marvelous, garbage-free day！The seeds you plant today 16. A．enrich 17. A．through 18. A．latter 19. A．brakes 20. A．knocked 21. A．laughing 22. A．wondered 23. A．friendly 24. A．expectation 25. A．turns 26. A．roads 27. A．upset 28. A．spread 29. A．surprises 30. A．funny
31. A．if 32. A．carefully 33. A．inspire 34. A．letting 35. A．donate
B．unless B．recently B．take B．consisting B．deserve
C．whether C．frequently C．mend C．making C．deliver
D．although D．creatively D．notice D．dreaming D．determine
III. 阅读理解（共两节；满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分 ） A One day when I was 5, my mother scolded me for not finishing my rice and I got angry. I wanted to play outside and not to be made to finish eating my old rice. In my angry motion to open the screen door with my foot, I had kicked back about a 12-inch part of the lower left hand corner of the new screen door. But I had no regret, for I was happy to be playing in the backyard with my toys. Today, I know if my child had done what I did, I would have scolded my child, and told him about how expensive this new screen door was, and I would have delivered a spanking (打屁股) for it. They never said a word. They left the corner of the screen door pushed out, creating an opening, a breach (裂缝) in the defense against unwanted insects. For years, every time I saw that corner of the screen, it would constantly remind me of my mistake. For years, I knew that everyone in my family would see that hole and remember who did it. For years, every time I saw a fly buzzing in the kitchen, I would wonder if it came in through the hole that I had created with my angry foot. I would wonder if my family members were thinking the same thing, silently blaming me every time a flying insect entered our home, making life more terrible for us all. My parents taught me a valuable lesson, one that a spanking or stern (严厉的) words perhaps could not deliver. Their silent punishment for what I had done delivered a hundred stern messages to me. Above all, it has helped me become a more patient person and not burst out so easily. 36. When the author damaged the door, his parents __________. A. scolded him for what he had done C. told him how expensive it was B. gave him a spanking D. left the door unrepaired
37. How did the author feel every time he saw the damaged door? A. He felt it destroyed the happy atmosphere at his home. B. He found that his family members no longer liked him. C. He felt ashamed of his uncontrolled anger at that time. D. He felt he had to work hard to make up for the damage. 38. The experience may cause the author ___________. A. to have a better control of himself C. to hide his anger away from others 39. What is the main idea of this text? A. Adults should ignore their children’s bad behavior. B. Silent punishment may have a better effect on educating people. C. What is the best way to become a more patient person. D. Parents are the best teachers of their children. B. not to go against his parents’ will D. not to make mistakes in the future
B Active Challenge Weight loss camp for girls aged 13-18 in Canada Location: Beautiful Bear Creek Outdoor Centre near Ottawa Ontario Season: July 2 - August 28th Capacity: 40 Activities include: hiking, rafting, canoeing, yoga, cooking, camp skills, mountain biking, swimming, nutrition classes, fitness classes, etc. Choose what you like!
Active Challenge is a weight loss program specially for young women. The burden of being overweight is heavier than just the extra pounds. We use outdoor adventure to challenge the girls, to give them something to get strength from. Because you'll be losing weight along with young women just like you, you'll find no one laughing at you behind your back and you'll help each other. At Active Challenge you'll make lifelong friends with young women of your own age and learn to love new adventurous activities. Unlike any other weight loss program, Active Challenge is designed so you'll lose weight and have the strategies and skills to keep the weight off forever. Active Challenge does not put you on a diet. We follow the Canada Food Guide to healthy eating and exercise appropriate portion control. We help you develop healthy habits. The staff at Active Challenge combine experienced outdoor adventure professionals with highly qualified clinicians (临床医师). All of us are absolutely devoted to helping you achieve permanent behavioral change and weight loss. We will make every effort to have a great time doing it. Pre-Camp: Upon registration (注册) in Active Challenge, an enrollment package will be sent out to you with forms to be completed prior to (在...之前) camp as well as program materials to take, an introduction to Active Challenge and pre-program personal challenging assignments to get you on your way toward a healthier you. Post-Camp: Our post program is designed to keep you focused and remind you of the goals that you set during the camp. We will send you home with your personal meal and exercise plan and keep in touch with you for a full three months after the camp ends through letters, emails and phone calls, tracking your progress and giving you strategies and support. 40. How will girls feel about the atmosphere at Active Challenge? A. Friendly and supportive. B. Competitive and challenging. C. Cold but exciting. D. Lonely but safe. 41. After registration, girls __________. A. should go to buy the program preparation materials B. will be informed how to get prepared for the program C. should learn some skills and strategies to lose weight D. will have to finish some challenging assignments at home 42. The post-camp help will last __________. A. until girls achieve success in their lives B. until girls can keep their weight off forever C. until the beginning of the next year D. until the end of November
C Breathe, wave and smile. Along with more than 300 other seniors, I marched into the stadium on the afternoon of May 10. The audience burst into deafening cheers. The huge stadium shook with all the whistling and clapping. It was as if a Hollywood superstar had walked on stage. And indeed, every single senior that day was a star of the moment. Each deserved it. The seniors had been preparing for four years for this once-in-a-lifetime moment—the graduation ceremony. Seated, I waited anxiously for the opening speech. As a foreign exchange student, I was not able to receive a diploma. However, I still had the wonderful feeling of being part of things. Like the other graduates, I was dressed in maroon（紫褐色）cap and gown. Our principal, Mr. Glover, delivered a short, warm greeting. The US national anthem followed and then, hands on chests, a solemn Pledge of Allegiance (效忠誓言). Students who had done well academically gave farewell speeches. The tears in some eyes convinced me that many had deep feelings about the occasion. It was as the class motto says,“Life brings us tears, smiles and memories. The tears dry; the smiles fade; but the memories last forever.” Then came the most important part of the ceremony. Hundreds of names were announced. Each graduate walked across the stage to receive his or her diploma from the principal. From the different cheers each graduate got, we had the funny sense that it was a kind of competition of who could cheer the loudest. To be honest, the presentation of diplomas got boring. A girl sitting next to me even started yawning. But it wasn’t boring for those receiving the diploma: they would treasure the moment the principal placed the sacred brown document in their hands for the rest of their lives. A new page in the book of that person’s life had turned. They were glimpsing (开始领悟) their futures: Futures of challenge, hardship, perhaps loneliness too, which would take all of their courage. 43. What’s the article mainly about? A. An American graduation ceremony. B. The opening ceremony of a sports meeting. C. A presentation of college diplomas. D. A US college’s farewell party. 44. We know from the text that the author __________. A. felt lost about the future B. received her diploma on May 10 C. was actually a student from a foreign school D. felt upset at the presentation ceremony 45. The right order of the following events is __________. a. Diplomas were presented to graduates. b. Students gave farewell speeches. c. The US national anthem was played. d. The principal gave a short, warm speech. e. Seniors went into the stadium. A. d,c,a,b,e B. e,d,b,c,a C. d,b,e,a,c D. e,d,c,b,a 46. From the text, we can infer that __________. A. foreign exchange students could get the diploma B. the ceremony symbolizes the beginning of a new stage in life C. a diploma means a bright future for a graduate D. everyone felt excited at the presentation of the diploma D
Using tablet computers like Apple’s iPad and Samsung’s Galaxy Note just before bed can lead to a poor night’s sleep, according to research. More and more people are taking their tablets to bed with them to surf the web, check Facebook or email before switching off the light. But researchers are warning that the blueish light their screens give off can stop users getting a good night’s sleep. That is because this type of light is like daylight, convincing the brain that it is still daytime. Blue light suppresses production of a brain chemical called melatonin (褪黑激素), which helps us fall asleep. This is because our brains have evolved to be wakeful during daylight hours. By contrast, light which is more orange or red in tone does not reduce melatonin production, perhaps because our brains recognize it as a hint that the day is ending. Neurologists (神经病学家) have known for years that staring at screens late in the evening can disturb sleep. Researchers are warning that looking at tablet displays for more than two hours“leads to a suppression of our natural melatonin levels as the devices give off optical radiation (光辐射) at short wavelengths”— in other words, they give off bluer light. They say:“Although turning off devices at night is the ultimate solution, it is recommended that if these devices are used at night, displays are dimmed as much as possible and that the time spent on them before bed should be limited.” They drew their conclusions after measuring melatonin levels in 13 volunteers, after they had spent time viewing iPads at full brightness at a distance of 10 inches, for two hours. Melatonin levels were significantly lower after they had done this, than they were after the volunteers had viewed their iPads for the same time, but while wearing orange glass goggles(护目镜), which cut out the blue light. It is not just a good night’s sleep that could be damaged by too much late night screen time. Researchers know that continuous disturbance to sleep patterns can lead to an increased risk of obesity, and even breast cancer. 47. What stops users from getting a good night’s sleep? A. Blueish light. A. increases B. Screens. B. removes C. Melatonin. C. reduces D. Orange or red light. D. handles 48. The underlined word “suppresses” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ________. 49. We can infer from the passage that _________. A. orange and red light does harm to a good night’s sleep B. too much late night screen time leads to more than sleep problem C. the less melatonin our body produces, the more easily we fall asleep D. our brains recognize orange or red light in tone as a hint that the day is ending 50. The writer’s purpose for writing this article is to ________. A. complain about problems caused by using iPads before bed B. inform readers of a recent research C. offer some suggestions on late night screen viewing D. support late night screen viewing 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 Lots of people give you advice on overcoming fear. ___51___ However, I want to tell you that a world without fear would be more dangerous. So we want to treat fear as a friend. Here are three reasons. ___52 ___ Think about it. Do you get more nervous when you meet the girl (or guy) of your dreams? Which is more fearful, talking to the boss of your company or to some of your friends? Fear is showing you what is important and what matters to you. If you didn’t have fear to guide you, you might not know that! So fear is not so bad, is it? Next, fear encourages us to take action. Fear is a call to action. In the past, our forefathers didn’t run away in fear when they saw a tiger running toward them but tried to kill it for food. Now, most of us don’t face serious danger like hungry tigers every day, but we do face serious bosses or public speaking. So, what can we do? ___53 ___ Finally, fear lets you know you are alive. Why do we like roller coasters (过山车)? ___54___ Same for horror movies. So fear can guide you towards what’s important for you and encourage you to take action to improve. ___55___ A. Don’t fear to be wrong. B. It frightens us in a mostly safe way. C. Imagine what life would be like without fear. D. The first is that fear is an excellent guide to opportunity. E. They say if you can overcome fear, you will be successful. F. Let fear provide us with the energy to do what needs to be done. G. Don’t we all need that kind of friend? IV. 单词拼写（共 10 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分） 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I’m looking forward to visiting my grandmother in the d_________ village, where it’s not easy to get. Some American kids laughed at my broken English, so I was e_________ and felt even more The news that her husband was getting well and strong brought great c_________ to her. The sports meeting is around the corner, so all the students are busy making p_______ for it. If you c__________ all your energies on the study of English, you will learn the well. In the past, people p_________ to live in the city rather than stay in the countryside. The girl badly injured in the earthquake is now under medical t_________ in the hospital. My grandfather is as e_________ as a young man and hates sitting around doing nothing all day. The machine can’t run p_________. Please send for someone to repair it. 10. The company is considering purchasing some new modern e_________ for the office. V. 补全句子（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） language nervous.
甚至连青少年也在节食想保持苗条的身材。 Even teenagers are _______ _______ _______ _______ to keep a _______ _______.
遭受水灾的人们正从悲伤中恢复过来。 Those who _______ ________ _______ the flood were _______ _______ the sadness.
大部分家长都赞同小学生比以往晚一个小时上学的想法。 Most parents __________ ___________ _________ that primary school students should go to school __________ ___________ __________ __________ __________.
不要对你的体形感到羞愧，我觉得你像现在这样就很好。 Don’t _________ _______ _______ your body. I think you look great _______ ___________ ____________.
爸爸不能容忍这种行为，决定不给丹尼尔辩解的机会。 Father couldn’t __________ ________ __________ , and determined not to give Daniel __________ _________ ___________ __________ ___________.
VI. 短文改错 （共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 It is known to all which the Internet is very important and computers are quite popular to us. On the Internet, we can not only read news but also get as many information as possible. For an example, we often send e-mails and make telephone call to our friends. What’s more, we can go to school on the Internet, and even teach us English. We can also listen to music, watching sports games and even do shopping on it. Therefore, some students like computer games so much that they even go to the computer bar to play games until lately at night, which will certainly have a bad effect on their study. So we should learn make good use of the Internet wisely. VII. 附加题 （共 10 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分） 阅读下面短文，在标有序号的空白处填入一个适当的词，或填入括号中单词的正确形式。 Dear Timmy, In your last letter you asked for my advice ___1___ how to lose weight and keep ___2____. So I am writing back to you ___3___( share ) some of my ideas with you. First of all, I think it’s a must that you have to avoid the high-calorie food like chocolate, cheese and dessert. ___4___, you should eat more fresh fruit and vegetables. Besides, a ___5___ (regularly) eating habit is also necessary. You should have three ___6___ a day on time and not eat too much in
the evening. What’s more, you’d better do more ___7____, such as jogging, swimming, and playing tennis, ___8___ will help you ___9____ off the extra fat and appear attractive. All in all, there’s no easy way to lose weight. You should set a good goal for yourself and then things will be easier. I hope all I have mentioned will be___10___ ( help ). Yours, Zhang Wei 命题者：郑曙霞 王小棠 赵立峰 袁群波 陈月飞 校对者：郑朝霞 何小庆 陈晓红 吴自清
宁波市效实中学 第一学期 高一英语期中试卷答案
I.单项选择： 1-5 CBABD 6-10 ABCBD II.完型： 16-20BDBAC 21-25 DBACD III.阅读： 36-39 DCAB 40-42 ABD 51—55 EDFBG IV. 单词拼写 1.distant 2.embarrassed 6.preferred 7. treatment 11-15 CACBD 26-30 CBADB 43-46 ACDB
31-35 ACBAD 47-50 ACBB
3. comfort 8. energetic
4.preparations 9. properly
5.concentrate 10. equipment
V. 补全句子 1.going on a diet; slim figure 2.had suffered from; recovering from 3.approve the idea; an hour later than usual 4. be ashamed of/embarrassed about; as you are 5. tolerate such/ the behavior; a chance to defend himself / of defending himself. VI. 改错 1. which--that 2. to--with/among 3. many--much 4. 去 an 5. call--calls 6. us--ourselves 7. watching--watch 8. Therefore-- However 9. lately -- late 10. learn 后加 to
VII. 附加题 Dear Timmy, In your last letter you asked for my advice on how to lose weight and keep fit/healthy/slim/thin. So I am writing back to you to share some of my ideas with you. First of all, I think it’s a must that you have to avoid the high-calorie food like chocolate, cheese and dessert. Instead, you should eat more fresh fruit and vegetables. Besides, a regular eaing habit is also necessary. You should have three meals a day on time and not eat anything late in the evening. What’s more, you’d better do more exercise, such as jogging, swimming, and playing tennis, which will help you burn off the extra fat and appear attractive. All in all, there’s no easy way to lose weight. You should set a good goal for yourself and then things will be easier. I hope all I have mentioned will be helpful. Yours,