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河北定州中学 2016-2017 学年第一学期高四英语周练试题(四)
1.— Do you like the book you father bought you? — Very much. It’s exactly______I wanted. A. which C. what B. that D. how

2.It is of great importance _______ parents say and do in family life, which may have a life-long effect on their children. A. what C. how B. that D. why

3.No one can imagine _______ life would be like without referring to modern technology. A. that C. how B. what D. when

4.Dating violence is _____ one person purposely hurts or scares someone they are dating. A. when C. that B. what D. why

5.An opinion is _____ someone believes is true but has not been proved. A. that C. which B. what D. whether

6. —Can I sit in the front row? —Yes, you can take ________ seat you like. A. whatever C. whichever B. what D. which

7.I don't doubt ______ he has the ability to deal with the situation, but ______ the problem can be solved quickly depends on his attitude. A. whether; if C. if; whether B. that; whether D. whether; that it takes to keep a nation

8.With time going by, we have come to realize that creativity is highly competitive. A. what B. how

C. why

D. that

9. An opinion is _____ someone believes is true but has not been proved. A. that C. which B. what D. whether

10.--- Can I sit in the front row? ---Yes, you can take ________ seat you like. A. whatever C. whichever B. what D. which it takes to keep

11.With time going by, we have come to realize that creativity is a nation highly competitive. A. what C. why B. how D. that

12. It is confirmed that a person can not be actually pleased if ___ he appreciates doing isignored by the company as of no value. A. when C. what B. that D. where

13.--How do you think I can make up with Tom? --Put aside ________ you disagree and try to find ________ you have in common. A. what; what C. what; where B. where; what D. what; whether

14.— It’s difficult for corrupt officials to hide abroad nowadays. — That’s it! The Chinese government will do _______ it takes to get them back. A. whatever C. whichever B. whoever D. wherever

15.— Are you in favor of Tom’s suggestion ____we work around the clock to meet the deadline? — No. But ______ Jimmy suggested to me sounds practical. A. which; what C. which; that B. that; that D. that; what

16.The teacher commanded that the exercises _____ in an hour. A.was finished C.were finished B.should finish D.be finished

17.The part he _____ in the movement was important. A.played B.acted C.behaved D.Made

18.This is not very good; I’d like the same one _____ you are using now. A.which B.with which C.as D.in that

19.Many students believe the choice of their majors and universities should _____ their own interest. A.be based on C.be basing on B.base on D.base at

20.He has passed the examination _____ his hard work. A.because C.thank to B.because of D.as a result

二、阅读理解。 Five years ago, when I taught art at a school in Seattle, I used Tinkertoys as a test at the beginning of a term to find out something about my students. I put a small set of Tinkertoys in front of each student, and said: “Make something out of the Tinkertoys. You have 45 minutes today—and 45minutes each day for the rest of the week.” A few students hesitated to start. They waited to see what the rest of the class would do. Several others checked the instructions and made something according to one of the model plans provided. Another group built something out of their own imaginations. Once I had a boy who worked experimentally with Tinkertoys in his free time. His constructions filled a shelf in the art classroom and a good part of his bedroom at home. I was delighted at the presence of such a student. Here was an exceptionally creative mind at work. His presence meant that I had an unexpected teaching assistant in class whose creativity would infect(感染) other students. Encouraging this kind of thinking has a downside. I ran the risk of losing those students who had a different style of thinking. Without fail one would declare, “But I’m just not creative.” “Do you dream at night when you’re asleep?” “Oh, sure.” “ So tell me one of your most interesting dreams. ” The student would tell something wildly imaginative. Flying in the sky or in a time machine or growing three heads. “That’ s pretty creative.

Who does that for you?” “Nobody. I do it.” “Really—at night, when you’re asleep?” “Sure.” “Try doing it in the daytime, in class, okay?” 21. The teacher used Tinkertoys in class in order to ________. A. know more about the students B. make the lessons more exciting C. raise the students’ interest in art D. teach the students about toy design 22. What do we know about the boy mentioned in Paragraph 3? A. He liked to help his teacher. B. He preferred to study alone. C. He was active in class. D. He was imaginative. 23. Why did the teacher ask the students to talk about their dreams? A. To help them to see their creativity. B. To find out about their sleeping habits. C. To help them to improve their memory. D. To find out about their ways of thinking.

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Veteran(经验丰富的)rock climbers are calling her one of the most promising climbers in the world. She flies up, grasping the rock and heading gracefully for practically non-existent(不存在的) holds. She’s only 14. Ashima Shiraishi, the New York-born teen, has shaken up the climbing world. At 1.55 meters and 45 kilograms, Ashima might not look like the groundbreaking athlete. But she could be, though still young, the first female climber whose accomplishments go beyond gender. The evidence: At just 14, Ashima has already made history in the sport. She won the American National Youth Bouldering Championship(美国青少年攀岩锦标赛)every year from 2010 to 2014. And last March, the young climber completed the “Open Your Mind Direct” course in Spain. It’s a very big deal because the course, with a hold broken off near the top, is widely considered one

of the hardest in the world. Only one woman and a small number of men have ever conquered it. She first learned to climb on rocks in Central Park when she was only six. Her father, who works as a dancer, is her coach. At age nine, Ashima went on a bouldering(攀岩)trip to Texas. Falling brought tears to her eyes, but she didn’t give up. Now, she finds she “couldn’t live without climbing.” For the past six years, Ashima has been a climbing legend. Her love for the sport has taken her around the world. There have been articles and photo spreads(横贯两版的照片)in newspapers and sports magazines, films, countless online video clips, and an appearance on Time Magazine’s list of America’s most influential teenagers. “I think people are shocked if I do something they can’t do or because I’m still very young and I’m a girl,” Ashima says. “In most sports, men lead the way. But with climbing, who knows, maybe women will be leading. Doing something that a guy can’t do is pretty special.” 24.As for Ashima Shiraishi, we know ________. A. she is a great young rock climber B. she can always find climbing holds that don’t exist C. she doesn’t look like an athlete at all D. she is the first female climber in the world 25.Which of the following is true about the course “Open your Mind Direct”? A. Climbers can take the course only in Spain and America. B. It is not difficult to finish the course. C. Climbers have to finish it without any holds at near the top. D. Not many climbers have done well in it. 26.From the last paragraph, we can infer that ________. A. she wants to try other events in sports B. she wonders why people are shocked C. she expects to do better in rock climbing D. she decides to try anything men can do 27.The passage mainly focuses on ________. A. A Rock Star in the Climbing World C. A Most Influential Teenager in America D. The Champion of American National Youth

B. The First Female Rock Climber

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My neighbor Mrs. Gargan first told me about it. “Have you seen the tree?” She asked as I was sitting in the backyard enjoying the autumn twilight (暮色). “The one down at the corner,” she explained. “It’s a beautiful tree—all kinds of colors. All the passers-by stop to have a look. You ought to see it.” I told her I would, but I soon forgot about the tree. Three days later, I was jogging down the street when a splash of bright orange caught my eyes. For an instant, I thought someone’s house had caught fire. Then I remembered the tree. I approached the tree to look at it closely. There was nothing remarkable about the shape of the tree. It was a medium-sized maple. But Mrs. Gargan had been right about its colors. Like the mess of an artist’s palette(调色板), the tree blazed a bright crimson(深红色)on its lower branches and burned with vivid yellows and oranges in its center, and deep red at its top. Through these colors were light green leaves as yet untouched by autumn. Walking closer I noticed several bare branches near the top, their small black branches scratching the air like claws. The fallen leaves lay like a red carpet around the trunk. As I was amazed at this beauty, I thought of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s comments about the stars. “If the constellations(星座)appeared only once in a thousand years, imagine what an exciting event it would be. But because they’re up there every night, we barely give them a look,” he made a remark in Nature. I felt the same way about the tree. Because its beauty will last only a week, it should be especially precious to us. And I had almost missed it. Once in the 19th century when a man noticed a brilliant display of northern lights(北极光) in the sky over Massachusetts, he rang a church bell to alert the whole town’s people. That’ s what I felt like doing about the tree. I wanted to awake the countryside to its wonder. I didn’t have a church bell, but as I walked home, I did ask each neighbor I passed the same simple but important question Mrs. Gargan had asked me: “Have you seen the tree?”. 28.What did the author’s neighbor remind him? A. To appreciate the beauty of the sunset. B. To find what happened at the street corner. C. To draw a picture of a tree. D. To enjoy the beautiful tree in all colors.

29.From the passage we know _________. A. the author felt it precious to see the beauty of the tree B. the author thought of the stars as beautiful as the tree C. the remarkable scene of the tree only appeared in a thousand years D. People never had a close look at the tree 30.How did the author call on people to enjoy the wonder? A. He rang the church bell. B. He passed on the same question. C. He awakened all neighbors up. D. He required people to the corner. 31.The best title of the passage can be ________. A. Have You Seen the Tree? B. The Most Beautiful Tree C. One of the Wonders in Nature D. The Precious Moment in Life

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In August 2015, President Obama announced that North America’s highest mountain, Mount McKinley, would be renamed. Its new moniker(名字), Denali, was actually its original Aleut name, meaning “the high one”. The previous name, on the other hand, only dates back to 1896—the year when it was named in honour of William McKinley(1843—1901), who was shortly to become President of the United States. Denali is of course not the only mountain with an interesting linguistic history, so let’s travel to Asia, and across Europe, to explore the naming of those continents’ most famous peaks and mountain ranges. The Nepalese name Himalaya comes from a Sanskrit word meaning “Abode of Snow”, from hima for “snow” and ālaya for “abode”. In Buddhist sources, Himalaya is known by various names such as Himavā and Himavanta. In 1856, Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest (1790—1866) , who was the superintendent (负责人)of the Trigonometrical Survey of India. Everest himself was initially displeased by the naming, since he feared that local inhabitants might not be able to pronounce it. K2 stands for Karakoram 2, because it was the second peak to be surveyed in the Trigonometrical

Survey in the Karakoram system. It was also formerly known as Mount Godwin Austen after Col. H. H. Godwin Austen, who first surveyed it. Another alternative name for the mountain is Chhogori. Annapurna is a household Goddess for Hindus, who guarantees to her worshippers (崇拜者)that food will not fail. The name derives ( 源 出 ) from a Sanskrit word meaning “ one who gives nourishment”. The Matterhorn’s name derives from the name of the nearby town of Zermatt, the second element of which is apparently Matte “meadow”, and Horn, “horn”. Horn is not an unusual element in German names of mountains with jutting(突出的)peaks. The mountain is called Mont Cervin in French and Monte Cervino in Italian, from the Italian adjective cervino “deer-like”, which conjures up (使想起)a deer’s antlers. Ben Nevis is the Anglicized form of the Scottish Gaelic name Beinn Nibheis, which means“Mountain by the(River)Nevis”. The name of the river apparently derives from a Celtic root for “water”. 32.How many continents’ mountains are mentioned in the passage? A. 2 C. 4 B. 3 D. 5

33.Himalaya is a mountain also named ________. A. Nepalese C. Alaya B. Abode of Snow D. Himavā

34.Which of the following is FALSE according to the passage? A. Everest was unhappy about the name of Mount Everest at first. B. K2 was once called Col. H. H. Godwin. C. Annapurna means “one who offers food”. D. Matterhorn comes from the name of the nearby town of Zermatt. 35.The above mountains’ names come from sources other than _________. A. color C. a person’s name B. a Sanskrit word D. geographic name

三、完形填空 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My dad always collected coins. He was delighted when the new U.S. state coins were ______ . He

would walk to his long-time bankers and make sure they put at least a ______ of new coins aside for him. He gave them to every family member. It gradually became a special family ______ to get coins from Dad. When my dad ______, I felt such a sense of emptiness. My father and I had been so close. I was

lost without his ______ and support. I wondered if I would ever feel my dad around me again, ______ me. It was right after Hurricane Katrina and I was doing a motivational meeting for about three hundred volunteers. At the end of the event, I felt so grateful as I looked at these ______ individuals. To my ______, when I glanced at the floor, I saw nothing ______ a coin, from North Carolina, the state in which my dad was born and ______. Then two months later, I went back to visit my mom. While I was there, I went to the bank to ______ a check. The bank manager, who had known me, called me into her office, showing me the coins for all the states my dad had ______. Ever since that time, I have always found coins at the most ______ times, when I needed support the most. Amazingly, nowadays when I need emotional support during a ______ time, a coin will always show up in a(n) ______ place. It has now become a tradition in my family. Every time a coin appears in our house, one of my kids says, “Oh, it’s ______! ”We all feel a sense of ______ every time a single coin turns up in an unexpected place. We have all ______ it as a ______ of love, guidance and support from Dad — and every new coin we find makes us ______. 36.A. Delivered 37.A. pack 38.A. Tradition 39.A. Missed 40.A. guidance 41.A. watching over 42.A. concerned 43.A. delight 44.A. from 45.A. raised 46.A. spend 47.A. ordered B. sold B. Roll B. memory B. disappeared B. promise B. bringing up B. devoted B. confusion B. but B. brought B. sign B. collected C. discovered C. bunch C. decision C. died C. expectation C. waiting for C. embarrassed C. astonishment C. with C. grown C. pay C. received

D. issued D. pile D. interest D. dropped D. belief D. listening to D. relaxed D. relief D. for D. played D. cash D. shared

48.A. boring 49.A. complicated 50.A. strange 51.A. money 52.A. proud 53.A. thought 54.A. result 55.A. change

B. adventurous B. nervous B. annoying B. Grandpa B. comfort B. explained B. praise B. gain

C. precious C. disturbed C. satisfying C. toy C. success C. accepted C. message C. improve

D. extraordinary D. tough D. hard D. belief D. inspiration D. consulted D. need D. Smile

四、阅读填空 Teenagers today live in a very competitive world. It is more important than ever to succeed at school if you hope to have a chance in the job market afterwards. It’s no wonder that many young people worry about letting down their parents, their classmates and themselves. In trying to please everyone, they take on too many tasks until it becomes harder and harder to balance homework, parties, sports activities and friends. The result is that young people suffer from stress. There are different ways of dealing with stress. Everyone knows that caffeine, whether it is in the form of coffee or soft drinks, keeps you awake and active. But caffeine is a drug which can become addictive (上瘾). In the end, like other drugs, caffeine only leads to more stress. A better way to deal with stress is to exercise. Research has proved that physical exercise is a good release for stress, because it increases certain chemicals in the brain which calm you down. Making sure you get enough sleep is also an important way of avoiding stress and of staying healthy and full of energy. Another way to avoid stress is to manage your time effectively. It is better to do a few tasks really well than lots of tasks badly. Know your limits and try not to take on too much. Finally, if it all gets beyond your control, don’t panic or get hysterical (歇斯底里). Find the time to sit down quietly and breathe deeply for ten to twenty minutes. Do this regularly, and it will help you calm down. Title: Stressful teenagers ★Living in a very competitive world, teenagers have to 57.________in school The 56. ____ of hoping to find a good job afterwards. teenagers stress and themselves. So they’re occupied with a number of tasks.
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’ ★They also worry about disappointing their 58. _________, their classmates

60 . ________ coffee or soft drinks Taking exercise

Caffeine keeps you 61. _______ and active. But it is addictive, thus causing more stress. Physical exercise 62.________ certain chemicals in the brain which calm you down.

59 . _____ to Getting enough sleep deal stress with Managing your time 64._________ Doing exercises relaxation regular

Enough sleep is an important way of63 . ________ stress and of staying fit and energetic. It is better to do a few tasks really well than lots of tasks badly. Find the time to sit down quietly and 65.________ of deeply for 10 to 20 minutes.

五、七选五 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Everybody knows about lots of relatively easy things on weight loss. 66. However, if you have ever tried some before without success, then the following guides could be more useful for your life. There’s no magical diet. We often think that if we can just discover the “right” kinds of foods, we’ll magically lose weight or maintain what we’ve lost. In fact there doesn’t seem to be any “right” diet, and there doesn’t seem to be any evidence that one particular diet will work better with an individual’ s body. 67. Dieting gets the better of exercising. It is said that exercise is the key to weight loss—taking the stairs instead of the elevator will make a difference, for instance. 68. Decreasing food intake is much more effective than increasing physical activity to achieve weight loss. Of course, both together would be even better. Work harder than other people. Exercise may not help go back to what it was before you gained weight. So if you’ve been overweight and you lose weight, maintaining that loss means you’re probably going to have to work harder than other people. Building muscles can help your body burn a few more calories. 69. It seems unfair, but that’s the way it is.
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70. For energy balance, it’s the number of calories that counts. It’s certainly true at least in theory and sometimes in practice. You can gain weight eating too much healthy food as well as unhealthy food. So the point is not to question what a calorie is, but rather to understand that we need to exchange the calorie-packed foods for foods that are less calorie-dense and more nutritionally dense. A. All calories are created equal. B. Some of them are also extremely effective when actually carried out. C. A calorie is a calorie! D. We know pretty much that any diet will work if you follow it. E. However, it’s much more efficient to cut calories. F. Some of the calories we burn come from our basic exercise. G. However, it’s also likely that you’ll have to do more in the long run.

六、短文改错。 71.短文改错。 My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, “I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.” My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter! 七、书面表达 72.如何理解“成功” ,不同的人有不同的看法。请认真阅读下面的引语(quotation),按要求用英语写篇 短文。 “Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm.” —Sir Winston Churchill 内容要求: 1. 你对该引语的理解;
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2. 你的相关经历; 3. 恰当的结尾。 注意: 1. 短文开头已给出,不计入总词数; 2. 文中不能出现考生的具体信息; 3. 词数:120 左右。 This quotation fromWinston Churchill tells us that___________________________ 写作指导: 这是一篇话题类作文。 (1) 要求根据引语,写出对成功的理解。 (2) 需要写的话题已经给出,需要我们结合自己的相关经历进行写作。 (3) 过去的经历,用一般过去时,写作时注意要准确运用动词时态,上下文意思连贯,符合逻辑关系。 (4) 尽量使用自己熟悉的单词句式,同时也要注意使用高级词汇和高级句型为文章润色。 (5) 注意要求的词数 120 左右,不要太多也不要太少。

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参考答案 1-10 BABAB 21-23 ADA 24-27 ADCA 28-31 DABA 32-35 BDBA 36-55 DBACA ABCBA DADDA BBCCD 56.causes 57.succeed 58.parents 59.Ways/How 60.Drinking/Having 61.awake 62.increases 63.avoiding 64.effectively 65.breathe 66.B 67.D 68.E 69.G 70.C 71. 去掉 in something better 改成 best decide 改成 decided steps well 改成 good after 改成 when/while a 改为 the
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11-20 ACBAD


just 后加 to enjoy 改为 enjoying 72.This quotation from Winston Churchill tells us that we shouldn't get discouraged right after failures. Rather , we should keep trying with enthusiasm. Success consists in the ability to continue efforts through failures. At the age of twelve,I got a nice bike as a birthday gift. So excited was I that I couldn't wait to try my hand at riding it. However,it was harder than expected. The bike seemed too heavy and difficult to control. Worse still,I took many falls off the bike. I was about to give up when my father came and encouraged me to keep going. With more practice, I did better and better. Looking back,I feel I wouldn't be able to ride a bike had I lost heart. Actually,we can't succeed in everything we try. What's important is that we should stick at it.

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