1. 部分倒装 (主语和助动词倒置)
等表示位置的动词和be动 词，句中又有表示方位或时间的副词(如there，here，up， down，out，in，away，then, now等)，为了突出后来新 鲜的信息，可将其放于句首，而将谓语动词全部置于主语 之前。如:? Here comes the train to Beijing. 去北京的火车来了。 There goes the bell. 铃响了。? Down came the rain. 下雨了。 Out rushed the students the moment the bell rang.? Now comes your turn. 该你了。 Then happened an accident. 当时发生了一个事故。 但主语是人称代词时，主语仍置于动词之前。 Away he comes. 他来了。
2、为了突出后来新鲜的信息，或为了保持句子平衡或上 下文衔接紧密，可将状语或表语置于句首，句中主语和谓 语完全倒装。如: Between the two buildings stands a tall tree. At the front of the hall sat the headmaster.? 坐在大厅前部的是校长。 (The headmaster sat at the front of the hall. 校长坐在大厅的前部。) At the front of the hall sat the headmaster, who would make a speech. Gone are the days when we were free from cares and worries. Present at the meeting was Mr. Liu, who taught us physics.
副词、介词短语或从句)，则将它们移到句首， 句中的主谓作部分倒装。 ? Only then did we realize that the man was blind.? ? 直到那时我们才发现那个人是盲人。 ? Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work. ? 直到1918年战争结束后，他才得以愉快地重 返工作岗位。
4、将含有否定意义的副词(never，seldom，not，little， hardly等)置于句首以示强调时，句中的主谓作部分倒装。 如: Seldom in my life have I met so determined a person.
5、为了强调“not a+名词”或“not a single+名词”结构， 将其置于句首时，句中的主谓作部分倒装。如: Not a word did he say at the last meeting.
6 、 Hardly…when，No sooner…than，Scarcely…when, not only…but also引导两个分句时，将前一个分句中的主 谓作部分倒装，后一个分句中的主谓语序不变。如:
Hardly had he begun to speak when his father stopped him.
No sooner had I left my house than it began to rain.?
我刚刚离开家就下雨了。 Not only can bicycling help reduce vehicle emissions, but it also can save energy.
但 neither / not…nor 引导两个分句时，这两个分句中 的主谓均要倒装。如:
Neither do I know her address，nor does he.? 我不知道她的地址，他也不知道.?
7、在“so+形容词\副词…that分句”结构中，如将“so+ 形、副”置于句首以示强调时，其后的系动词be则要移到 主语前面，形成主谓的完全倒装。，如果是行为动词采用 部分倒装如: ? So moved was she that she could not say a word. (She was so moved that she could not say a word.)? 她激动得一句话也说不出来。
So loudly did he speak that even the people in the next room could hear him. 他的声音那么大，连隔壁屋子里的人都听得见。?
1、“So + 助动词 + 主语” 是一种常用于对前面所说的肯 定内容表示同样看法的句型。如:? I was late and so was she. 我迟到了，她也迟到了。? They love making lots of friends, so do those with disabilities. 他们喜欢广交朋友，残疾人也一样。 2、“Neither / Nor + 助动词 + 主语” 是用于对前面所说 的否定内容表示同样看法的句型。如： She won’t go. Neither / Nor will I.?她不走，我也不。 I cannot swim. Neither can he (swim).?我不会游泳，他 也不会。??
3、当if引导的虚拟条件从句中含有had，were或should等 时，如将if省略，则要将had，were或should等移到主语前， 作部分或完全倒装。?
Had you come yesterday，you would have seen him.
(If you had come yesterday, you would have seen him.) 若你昨天来，你就会见到他了。? 4. as引导的让步状语从句, 常提前置于句首 Pretty as Mary is, she is not clever. 注: 如果表语是单数可数名词, 该词前一般不加冠词 Child as he is ,he knows a lot.
1. ____ smoking, he would not have got cancer in the lung. A. Was he given up C. Did he give up B. Had he given up D. If he gave up
2.So funny ______that everyone burst into laughter. A. she looked C. did she look B. was she looking D. had she looked
3.Not once in these years ____ the prices of these products.
A. we changed B. have we changed
C. did we change
D. we have changed
4. “Why can’t I smoke? meeting-room.” A. does smoking is permitted C. smoking is permitted
“At no time ______ in the B. is smoking permitted D. permits smoking
5.In such a hurry ______ his office that he forgot to lock the door.
A. did he leave
C. he had left
B. he left
D. has he left
6.Only after _____ reached eighteen ______ join the army.
A. have you ; you can B. have you ; can you
C. you have ; you can
D. you have ; can you
7.Nowhere else in the world ______ more friendly people than in China. A. you will find C. you may have found B. can you be able to find D. can you find
8.Not until 1998 ______ back to his hometown. A. came he C. did he come B. that he came D. that he did come
9.Hardly ______ when it started raining. A. the game had begun C. did the game begin B. the game began D. had the game begun
10.So little ______ agree on the plan that they could not settle the differences. A. did they C. they did B. do they D. they did not
11.Only after I read the text over again ____ its main idea. A. that I knew C. I could know B. did I know D. I did know
12.Little ______ when I took the trip where it would lead me. A. have I known B. had I known
C. do I know
D. did I know
13. ______ did the students realize they were mistaken.
A. It was until
C. Not until then
B. It was not until then
D. Not until
14.Only by reading a lot ______ progress in English.
A. you can make B. can you make
C. will you able to make
D. can make you
15.Seldom ______ time to go shopping these days. A. did I have C. have I B. do I have D. I have
十三、as引导的让步状语从句, 常置于句首, 用倒装 Pretty as Mary is, she is not clever. 注: 如果表语是单数可数名词, 该词前一般不加冠词 Child as he is ,he knows a lot. 十四、为了保持句子平衡,或使上下文连接更紧,可把 介词短语,形容词短语, 副词或分词提前到主语前, 用全部倒装 On the ground lay an old sick goal. Hanging on the wall was a splendid painting.
二、在there be/live/lie句型中，用全部倒装 There are some books on the desk. There lived an emperor many years ago. 三、在以there ,here, now, then +be/come/go/lie/ stand/sit +主语的句子中, 要全部倒装 Here comes the bus. Then came the time we had been looking forward to. 注: 主语是代词则不用倒装 Here you are. Here he comes. Summer begins in June. Then comes July. .