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新视野大学英语读写教程(第二版)第一册 Unit 2 Section A Deep Concern


Text Study Notes to the Text Words and Expressio Idea Sharing Writing

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Understanding Structure Analysis Reproduction

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Text Study—Understanding

I. Understanding
The text shows us the generation gap between a daughter and her parents through their daily dialogues. Please find out their different attitudes towards the same items.

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Text Study—Understanding

Parents:
(Rock music blasted forth)
It was weird and horrible stuff with offensive language. How did the parents react?

Sandy:
“I like that music, Dad; it’s my favorite. Listen for a minute; I’m sure you’ll like it.”

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Text Study—Understanding

Sandy:
Wearing her old, green T-shirt and some jeans.

ParentsIt was disgusting. :

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Text Study—Understanding

Sandy:
Having breakfast while standing by the sink.

Parents: wasn’t healthy to eat standing up. It

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Text Study—Understanding

Sandy:
“I’ll brush my teeth when I’m done.”

Parents:
She should brush her teeth as soon as she got up.

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Text Study—Understanding

Sandy: Wearing her makeup (such as eyeliner).
All the girls at school did so. Some have tattoos ...

Parents:
“Too young to wear that much makeup.”

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Text Study—Understanding

The Parents’ Thoughts Towards Sandy Music:
Father’s thoughts _____________ awful, tuneless, _____________ offensive; makes _____________ my blood boil; __________ negative Mother’s thoughts Different music _______________ appeals to different _______________ generations; I don’t _______________ think her music is so _______________ terrible. _______________

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Text Study—Understanding

Makeup & Tattoos
Father’s thoughts She is changing …; _______________ Who knows what will _______________ be next? _______________ Mother’s thoughts

biggest problem ____________

Conclusion: We need to have a talk with Sandy.

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Text Study—Understanding

Mother’s Decision:

? Have patience; ? Keep the lines of communication with her daughter open; ? Be there as an anchor; ? Give her freedom to find her identity.

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Text Study—Structure Analysis

II. Structure Analysis
The Writing Method of the Passage:
Sequenced Order—describing a series of actions according to the time when they happened. In a passage developed in this way, readers will find time markers to connect sequenced actions.

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Text Study—Structure Analysis

The radio clicked on. Rock music blasted forth. Like a shot, the music woke Sandy. She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. (Para. 1)

Time marker:

It was 6:15 A.M.

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Text Study—Structure Analysis

More time markers in the text:

After her shower… Then… Just then… After Sandy had left for school… Soon… As Jane Finch drove to work…

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Text Study—Structure Analysis

Talk with your partner what Sandy did in the bathroom with the help of the following phrases. Remember to use the time markers markers!

In the bathroom: on; wake up; feel great; walk into; turn
be alone; disturb; grab; wash; dry off

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Text Study—Reproduction

III. Reproduction
Make a dialogue with your partner. Suppose one of you is the Father or Mother, the other one is the Daughter or Son. Both of you are trying to persuade the other one to accept his/her own idea toward any one of the followings: clothing, music, ways of life, etc.

A sample beginning

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Text Study—Reproduction

A sample beginning
Mom/Dad: Why do your boys today like to wear long hair? Son: Mom/Dad, don’t you know it is a fashion? …

Active Expressions Focus Study

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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

1. Why do you have to listen to such horrible stuff?

I. Active Expressions

Translation
爱不一定要说出来。 One doesn’t have to speak out loud to show his or her love.

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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

2. …it does have rhythm.

Use It
— Did you see his performance (表演) last night? did — Yes, he _____ do a good job! — Do you think she is like her father? — Yes, she _____ look like her father. does

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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

3. I can’t stand it. = I can’t bear it.

Translation
? 看她化的妆,真受不了! ? Look at her makeup! I can’t stand it!

Use It
? Under what kind of situation will you use such an expression? ___________________. ___________________ I can’t stand/bear it!

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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

4. I’ve got to go. = I have to go. In informal American English, people sometimes just use “got” (in spoken English).

Translation
我想到办法啦! I’ve got an idea! / I got an idea!

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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

5. You know… ① To emphasize or to draw attention; ② When people are not sure what they are saying or what they are going to say next; ③ To explain more clearly. e.g. The condition in that country is terrible, you know. I thought I’d, you know, have a chat with you. Wear the white dress, you know, the one I like most.

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Notes to the Text—Focus Study

1. ... young people and their parents very often seem to fail in their attempts to communicate with each other. (Preview) fail in (doing) sth. cannot do sth. attempt(s) to do... 试图,力图

II. Focus Study

Practice

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Notes to the Text—Focus Study

Translation
? 他的英语考试没有及格。 ? 他第一次尝试就击中目标。

Keys
? He failed in the English test. ? He managed to hit the target at the first attempt.

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Notes to the Text—Focus Study

2. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. It isn’t healthy to eat standing up. v.+ v-ing 表示同时伴随发生的动作

Practice

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Notes to the Text—Focus Study

Translation
? 躺着看电视真舒服。 ? 开车打手机很危险。 ? It feels so comfortable to lie watching TV. ? It is dangerous to drive making calls by cell phones.

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Notes to the Text—Focus Study

3. At first, the water felt cold. Words with similar usage are: taste, sound, smell, look They are the words of senses.

Practice

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Notes to the Text—Focus Study

Translation
? 这淋浴的感觉好极了!? This shower feels great! ? 这咖啡味道好极了! ? The coffee tastes nice! ? 他的歌曲听起来不错!? His song sounds good! ? 那鱼发臭了! ? That fish smells bad!

? 这幅画看上去真漂亮!? The picture looks beautiful!

Word Using Phrasal Verbs

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

1. stuff n. thing or group of things

I. Word Using

e.g. What’s that green stuff at the bottom of the bottle?

Translation
那个商店被盗窃了,许多东西都不见了。

Key
The shop was burgled and a lot of stuff was stolen.

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

2. as usual in the way that has often happened before

Translation
像往常一样,周二下午要开会。

Key
As usual, there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon.

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

3. disgusting adj. unpleasant; completely unacceptable e.g. ? It tastes disgusting! 尝起来真恶心! ? It is disgusting that we girls have to do all the heavy work!

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

4. bug v. annoy or worry sb. e.g. It bugs him that he’s not as successful as his brother.

Use it bugs you the most after you come What
to the university?

Tips
food; climate; studying methods; …

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

5. wear v. √ jewelry (necklace, etc.) √ glasses/contact lenses (隐形眼镜) shoes √

clothes √

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

5. wear v. She wears her hair long. hair √ 她留着长头发。 She wears her hair in a long braid. 她把头发编成辫子。 beard √ He wore a full moustache.

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

5. wear v. wear makeup √ Then how about perfume? √ You can even wear a smile on your face!

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

6. offensive adj. causing offence; unpleasant

Collocation
remark manner offensive 冒犯性的话 无礼的态度

weapons 攻击性的武器 sight 令人生厌的景色

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

7. appeal v. ① attract; interest ② make a strong request for help, support, etc. e.g. The idea of living in that city doesn’t appeal to me at all. Relief workers in the disaster area are appealing for more help and supplies.

Use it
What appeals to you most when you chose your major?

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Words and Expressions—Word Using

8. negative adj. ① bad or harmful ② saying or meaning ‘no’ e.g. The girl gave him a negative response.

Translation
我对我的工作感到很没劲—事实上我正考 虑换工作。

Key
I’m feeling very negative about my job— in fact I’m thinking about moving.

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Words and Expressions—Phrasal Verbs

radio

1. Complete the ripple diagram.
off turn on down up

II. Phrasal Verbs

TV

shower

volume

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Words and Expressions—Phrasal Verbs

2. Matching Game
reach off stretch one’s hand to get sth. burst out start suddenly dry into cause to become dry bolt for leave in a hurry

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Words and Expressions—Mini Test

A mini-test
1. Think before you ___ the tap ___. Do you really need the water? A. turn... down C. turn... out B. turn... off D. turn... on

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Words and Expressions—Mini Test

2. They ___ laughter at the sight of us. A. ran into C. burst out B. burst into D. went into

3. Then Johnny reached quickly ___ the other pot, vigorously boiling on the stove. A. down C. for B. out D. to

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Words and Expressions—Mini Test

4. While ___ to the movies, I happened to see a terrible accident. A. I go C. went B. going D. to go

5. She will be angry if you ______ her while she is sleeping. A. disgust C. disappoint B. disturb D. dismiss

Group Work

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Idea Sharing

Group Work
Watch the video clips and discuss with your group members what the scenes tell you and what kind of implication you get from them. Make good use of the words and expressions from the texts.

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Idea Sharing

Story of the Twin Sisters of About 13 Years Old
Now in Paris. They just arrived, staying in the American Embassy in France (美国驻法 国使馆) because their grandpa is the ambassador (大使).

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Idea Sharing

Grandpa’s Complaints

1. What did the sisters do in their room? 2. What was their grandpa’s reaction?

Tips for Listening:
What the devil are all these noises? (你们在搞什么 鬼?); behavior (行为); unacceptable (不可接受的, 不允许的); dress for the occasion (衣着得体)

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Idea Sharing

Music Noise

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Idea Sharing

Th e b u s y g r a nd p a a sk e d o ne o f h is assistants to show the sisters around Paris to learn more about this city, but most time in various museums according to the fixed routine (固定路线/安排). However, the girls got their new local friends. This day...

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Idea Sharing

Having Fun with the Pals (伙 (伙 伴)
1. Why did the girls run away from the man? 2. How did they feel when the girls were with the pals?

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Idea Sharing

Fun with Pals

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Idea Sharing

The next day seemed to be a turning point.

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Idea Sharing

Communication Between Grandpa and the Twins
What do you think about Grandpa’s attitude?

Tips for Listening:
Well, I guess, we haven’t done much talk in the past, have we? Let’s enjoy it and make up the lost time, what will you say?

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Idea Sharing

Communicating

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Idea Sharing

Why not predict the end by yourselves?
1. How would Grandpa treat the friendship between the girls and their pals? 2. What would the girls do with Grandpa?

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Idea Sharing

Well, that is the story. Now it’s your turn to say something about the story and your opinions about it.

Tips

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Idea Sharing

Tips:
1. Vocabulary for characteristics: lovely; independently-minded; rebellious; … 2. Vocabulary for relationship: get on well/bad with; not have much talk; enjoy; have fun; spend some time with; communicate …

More

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Idea Sharing

? The twin sisters are… years old. ? They are… ? During their visit in Paris, they… with their grandpa because he was very busy. ? But they… with the pals in Paris. ? Grandpa realized he did not… his granddaughters. ? Then he tried to… with the girls. ? Finally, they go back together happily. Good communication in time can ? I think…

bridge the

generation gap.

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Structure Analysis Sample Paragraph Tips for Writing Task Your Practical Writing

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Writing—Structure Analysis

To write a series of actions, you’d better connect every step with time markers. Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 At the very beginning, At first, Firstly, First of all, … Then, Second, Secondly, … And, Third, Thirdly, ...

I. Structure Analysis

Final step Finally, At last, Eventually, …

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Writing—Sample Paragraph

II. Sample Paragraph
In the afternoon, I went to the city library and checked out a couple of books on business management. Then I visited my grandmother. After that, I rode on the bus with my family for a special lantern festival in the seaside park. Finally, we returned home in a taxi.

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Writing—Tips for Writing

III. Tips for Writing
1. Choose the topic that you are interested in. 2. List the related steps of the topic. 3. Organize all the steps using the time markers.

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Writing—Your Task

IV. Your Task
Write a paragraph with a series of actions in “time order”. Don’t forget to use the time markers! Topics: The story of how I made progress in English (Chinese/math/chemistry/…) learning or in learning playing basketball (volleyball…) For your reference

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Writing—Your Task

(For reference) After reading Slam Dunk, a cartoon story, I was eager to improve my skills in playing basketball. At the very beginning, I tried to practice with those who played much better than me. Every time after the practice, I would watch some basketball matches on the Internet so as to learn from those superstars. Then, my friends and I began to have basketball matches with other teams. As time went by, I made great progress in playing basketball and became a member of the school team at last.

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Writing—Practical Writing

1. Tips for writing

V. Practical Writing Notes of Apology

Notes of apology should clearly:

? state the reason for the apology; ? promise to remedy (补救) the situation.

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Writing—Practical Writing

Informal version:
? Address the recipient with a correct title like Dear Professor…; Dear Mr./Mrs./Miss…; and some words of respect like sincere; honestly. ? Conclude with a suitable closing phrase like Respectfully yours/Yours very faithfully/Truly yours, etc.

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Writing—Practical Writing

2. Useful Sentencesthe reason: For stating
? I am terribly/absolutely sorry that... ? I regret very much that... ? I hope you’ll accept my sincere apology. For promising the remedy: ? Please let me know... ? Please let me know how to… ? What can I do to make up...? ? Can you...?/Can you make it...? ? I hope that’s OK.

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Writing—Practical Writing

3. Samples Sample 1 (formal):

Monday, March 15

Dear Professor Wang, I enjoy your class very much. But I’m very sorry that I had to miss your class last Thursday. Unfortunately, my roommate was ill and I had to take him to the hospital. Please let me know what I can do to make up the class. I know you prefer us to let you know in advance when we are absent, but there was no time to do so. I hope you’ll accept my sincere apology. Your student, Lin Shantao

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Writing—Practical Writing

Sample 2 (informal): Prof. Wang: I had to miss your class last Thursday, March 11. My roommate was ill and I took him to the hospital. I hope that’s OK. Your student, Lin Shantao.

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Writing—Practical Writing

4. Your Tasks ? Suppose you had to miss your English Class
last week because you represented the university in a debating contest. Write to your teacher a note of apology. You may decide whether a formal or informal note is better. ? Suppose you had an argument with your father/mother last night and now you realize your attitude and words at that time hurt him/her. It is really hard to open your mouth to say sorry! You decide to write a note of apology to your father/mother.

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The End of Section A

To Section B


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