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? Political disunity & constant warfare
? New political,economic,social problem-----a hundred schools of Chinese philosophy

? Ancient Chinese beliefs:the idea of dualism of nature.(Yin VS. Yang)

Confucius, in Chinese Kongfuzi or K'ung Fu-tzu (551?-479? bc), Chinese philosopher, one of the most influential figures in Chinese history. See also Confucianism.

3.Shandong Province(red spot)

5.Some Doctrines from Confucius

Some Doctrines from Confucius

Main article:Ren(Humanity)
Love of people︰ One’s parents ↓↓↓↓↓↓ The people ↓↓↓↓↓↓

Everything in the world (universal love)

The love of one’s parents is the essence and the greatest love.

? filial piety
No one could people in general if they did not even love their own parents.

filial piety(孝道)
?“Children should not travel far while their parents are alive. If they have no choice but to do so, they must retain some restraint.” ?“Children should think often of the age of their parents. They should feel happy for the health and longevity of their parents. They should also feel concern for the aging of their parents. ”

? Don't learn ritual indescribable made ? 身修而后家齐 ? The persons being cultivated, the families were ? ?


regulated. 家齐而后国治 The families being regulated, the States were rightly governed. 国治而后天下平 The States being rightly governed, the entire world was at peace.

Differences & Similarities

Differences in general
? Confucianism is a system of ethics

? Tao is a path of behavior

Philos Confu Mois ophie cianis m s m Book s The Anlec ts of Confu cius Ideas Humil ity;Lo ve each other Motse

Leag alism

Han Fei

Lovef Powe orhu r and manit harsh y laws

Daois Militar m y Strate gies Dao Maste De r Jing Sun’s Art of War Doing Unity nothin g rule societ y

As we all know, Confucius is a great thinker and educator in our country, founder of the Confucian school, one of the most famous cultural celebrities . His words and deeds were recorded by his disciples in book entitled The Analects of Confucius

Teaching according to individual talent.

Keep what you say and carry out what you do

Learning about new things by reviewing old things

In education ,there is no class distinction

Learning without thought is labor lost ; thought without learning is perilous

Not inflicting on others that which you do not want yourself.

Wherever three individual people come together ,one of them will surely be good enough to teach me something .I will pick out his good points and emulate them, his bad points I will reform.

The gentleman is courteous , but not pliable; common men are pliable not courteous

How happy we are. To meet friends from far away!

Insatiable in learning and tireless in teaching

The most valuable use of the rites is to achieve harmony

A little story about Confucius
? Once ,a student of Confucius was cooking porridge, then

founding something dirty fall into the pot .He hurriedly picked it up with a spoon and was about to throw it away , then an idea flashed into his mind that every grain of rice is hard-earned. So he ate it up. Just then Confucius was passing by the kitchen, thinking this student who was responsible for cooking was stealing food, then giving him a lesson. After this student explained, everybody eventually had to take a tumble. Finally, Confucius said with exclamation ,“The things what I saw with my own eyes couldn’t be believable , let alone gossip and rumour.

? The Four Books

? The Five Classics ? The Book of Songs ? The Book of History

? The Great Learning
? The Doctrine of the

Mean ? The Analects of Confucius ? The Books of Mencius

? The Book of Rites
? The Book of

Changes ? The Book of the Spring and Autumn Annals

Confucian Attitudes Toward Trade (儒家的贸易观)
In Ming Dynasty , Confucianism was restored as the official philosophy of the country .




Artisan Merchant

? Confucianism regarded trade as something evil . At that time , rulers pursued a policy of “valuing agriculture and curbing business”(重农抑商).

The Ming court tried to keep trade with other countries to a minimum because it did not believe that foreign trade benefited the country . The dynasty `s communication with foreign neighbors was only limited to the exchange of gifts .

The development of Confucianism

Spring and Autumn Period : took shape The Warring States Period : came into being

The Qin Dynasty : damaged badly
The Western Han Dynasty : became mainstream

Wei Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties period : came across crises
Tang and Song Dynasties : merging together Song and Ming Dynasties : in full flourish again Ming and Qing Dynasties to Now : Criticize and inherit

The influence of Confucius

Confucius made great contributions to education in ancient China . Invented the elicitation method


?Advocated equality between teacher and student
?Encouraged students to form opinions of their own

teaching according to the student `s aptitude

Confucius and Confucianism
? 孔子的儒学思想直到今天仍然影响着中国和

世界。 Confucius’s Confucianism, it is continues to influence China and the world until today. ? 孔子倡导的文化思想核心——仁学 Confucius advocated the core of cultural thought - Benevolence:

Confucius Institutes are non-profit public institutes ,they aim at promoting Chinese language and culture and supporting local Chinese teaching internationally.


2004年11月21日,全球第 一所“孔子学院”在韩国首都 首尔挂牌。


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