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四川省岳池县第一中学高中英语 Module1 Life in the Future 第1课时学案 外研版必修4


Module 1

Life in the Future

Period 1: Vocabulary
学习目标: 1. 了解本模块与建筑材料有关的词汇 2. 熟悉模块单词的意义 3. 掌握重点单词的用法 学习重点: 熟悉模块单词 学习难点: 掌握重点单词的用法 课前预习 使用说明与学法指导: 1. 学会利用构词法和音标知识记忆单词 2. 15 分钟之内完成 教材助读: 背诵语段,记忆单元词汇 Energy experts predict that limited resources on the earth are running out , which arrests many people's attention.We can rely on it that scientists will eventually find alternative energy.At the same time,we should have definite ideas on how to make full use of the available resources. 预习自测: 构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.limit n.(常作复数)范围→________adj.有限的 2.command n.& vt.命令;指令→_________ n.指挥官 3.pow er vt.供给动力;n.权力;力量→_______adj.强有力的;强大的;效力大 4.disability n.失去能力伤残→_______vt.使伤残→_______ adj.残废的;无能力 5.attach vt.系;贴;连接→________ n.附件 语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.The_______(罪犯) w as ________(起诉) with his severe _______(犯罪). 2.The ________(门诊病人) is ______(乐观的) about the _______(远距离手术). 3.She_______(预言) that she could _______(培养) her child into a _____(垒球) player. 我的疑问: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 课内探究 质疑探究: 1. alternative n.可供选择的事物;adj.可供替代的;非传统的,另类的

学情诊断 (1)翻译句子 ①你有没有解决这个问题的别的办法?

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_______________________________________________ ②除了继续下去,我们别无选择。 _______________________________________________ (2)As there is less and less coal and oil, scientists are exploring new ways of making use of ________energy, such as sunlight,wind and water for power and fuel. A.primary B.alternative C.instant D.unique 归纳拓展 an alternative to...……的替代品 have no alternative but to do 别无选择,只好做某事 alternative energy 替代性能源 alternatively adv.要不;或者 思考 你还知道“别无选择,只好做某事”的其他表达方式吗? _____________________________________________________________________ 2. limit n.界限;限制;?常用复数?范围;v.限制;限定

学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①I believe teaching should not be _____________________________ 我认为教学不应该局限在教室内。 ②I’ll_____________________half an hour. 我只准备谈半小时。 ③There is ________________________ 我的耐心是有限度的。 (2)I limit myself to ________ three cups of beer a day. A.drink B.drinking C.drunk D.drinks 归纳拓展 set a limit to 对……加以限制 to the limit 竭尽全力 within ? the? limits不超出限度 limit...to...把……限制在…… limited adj.有限的 易错提示 limit...to...中 to 是介词,而不是动词不定式的标记,后面可以跟名词或动名词作介词 to 的宾语。 a limit to...中 to 也是介词。 3. command

双语释义 n.命令(order);控制,管辖,指挥;v.命令;指挥,统率(be in charge of) 学情诊断 (1)用所给动词的适当形式填空 ①The policeman gave the command ______________(stop). ②They commanded me______________(start) at once. ③The teacher commanded that he ________________(go) out of the classroom. (2)The woman doctor commanded that no one ________to give up the patient though he was hopeless.

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A.was allowed B.be allowed C.could be allowed D.is allowed 归纳拓展 be at s b.’s command 听候某人的吩咐;服从某人的支配 have a good command of 掌握;精通 be under one’s command=be under the command of 由……指挥 command sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事 command that sb.? should? do sth. 命令…… 易错提示 command 表示“命令”时,其后的宾语从句、同位语从句和表语从句要用虚拟语气,即“should+do”,should 可以省略。 4. charge

双语释义 n.要价,收费;指控,控告;指责,谴责;主管,掌管;v.收(费),要价(ask money for...);控 告,起诉;指责(accuse);充电 学情诊断 (1)写出下列句子中 charge 的含义 ①The monthly charge for this service is only $30. _____ ②She has charge of the daytoday running of the business. __________ ③If a battery charges,it takes in and stores electricity. _______ ④She only charged me half price for the repair. _______ ⑤Jack has been charged with murder. ______ (2)一句多译 刘先生负责这些文件。 ①________________________________ ②__________________________________ ③_________________________________________ (3)All the children________the nurse are taken good care of. A.taking charg e of B.in the charge of C.in charge of D.under charge of 归纳拓展 in charge of 主管……,掌管/管理…… in/under the charge of 在……掌管之下,由……负责 take charge of 管理,负责 free of charge 免费 char ge sb.? money? for sth. 向某人索取……的 费用 charge sb.with ? doing? sth. 指控某人?做?某事 易错提示 in charge of 意为“掌管……,负责……”,表示主动;in the charge of 意为“在……掌管之下,由……负责”, 表示被动。 5. attach

双语释义 v.把……固定,把……附(在……)上(fasten or join...to);认为有重要性,重视;与……有联系

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(be connected with) 学情诊断 (1)翻译句子 ①They have attached some cond itions to the agreement. ________________________________ ②He attached a label to his luggage. ___________________________________ ③Nowadays an increasing number of parents are attaching importance to educating their children. __________________________________________ (2)Frank’s ability to learn from observation and experience________greatly to his success in public life. A.owed B.contributed C.attached D.related 归纳拓展 attach sth.to sth.认为有?重要性、意义?;把……附在……上 attach importance/significance/value to 认为……有重要性/价值 attached adj.依恋的;附属于 be attached to 喜欢;沉迷;被附属在…… attachment n.附属;依恋;附件;附属物 6. run out

双语释义 用完,耗尽(不及物动词短语,没有被动语态)(give out) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Time had____________before we could score. 我们还没有来得及得分,时间就到了。 ②He is always __________________ money before payday. 他老是发工资的日子还没到就把钱花完了。 ③My ink has ________________________ 我的墨水用完了。 (2)Her money ________ out of and her patience is also ________ out. A.has run;running B.has been run;running C.has run;run out D.has been run;run 归纳拓展 run out of=use up 用完,耗尽?及物动词短语,后面可接名词或代词,可用于被动语态 run after 追赶,追逐 run into 偶然遇见;撞上 run away 逃跑 7. rely on/upon

双语释义 依靠;仰仗;信任,依赖(depend on/count on) 学情诊断 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Don’t rely on him ______(do)anything—he’s just a talker. ②Don’t rely on _______ (go)abroad for our holiday—we may not be able to afford it. ③We rely on_________ (he,finish)the work today.

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④It would be better to rely on______________(we)than on others. (2)Now we often hear some women complain that men aren’t ________. A.to rely on B.to be relied on C.relied D.to be relied 归纳拓展 depend on/upon 依靠;仰仗;信任,依赖 rely on sb./sth. to do/doing 依赖某人/某物做…… rely on it that...指望……;相信…… 课后反思: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 课后训练 1.My little son put my new leather shoes in the water.After drying them,I found they were out of ________. A.shape B.date C.order D.balance 2.Parents ________much importance to education.They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift.(2010· 江西卷,25) A.attach B.pay C.link D.apply 3. As there is less and less coal and oil, scientists are exploring new ways of making use of ________energy, such as sunlight,wind and water for power and fuel.(湖北卷) A.primary B.alternative C.instant D.unique 4.A lot of products are on sale in that shop.You can buy two and pay for just one-the other is free of________. A.charge B.fare C .receipt D.price 5.His command that his men_______ _at the criminal was not carried out. A.not shoot B.not to shoot C.didn't shoot D.won't be shooting

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