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Shipping Batteries Safely: What FedEx Wants You to Know

Transporting Batteries by Air.
At FedEx, we understand the importance of ensuring the safe transport of batteries throughout our system. Charged batteries may short-circuit and cause a fire and some batteries contain corrosive liquid. Therefore, if proper packaging requirements are not met, these shipments may cause a variety of problems during transport. FedEx is providing this information guide to assist you in safely packaging batteries for shipment.

Wet Batteries:
? UN2794 Batteries, Wet filled with acid, (electric storage). ? UN2800 Batteries, Wet (electric storage). ? UN2795 Batteries, Wet filled with alkali, (electric storage).

Packaging Requirements: Outer packaging must be UN Specification Packaging, as pictured in Fig. 1 at below left. These containers must incorporate an acid/alkali leak-proof liner adequately sealed to prevent leakage in the event of a spill. Securely fasten the batteries with the fill openings and vents facing upward. This will prevent short-circuiting. Check the orientation labels on the outside of the packaging to determine the upright position: the words “This End Up” or “This Side Up” may be displayed on top of the package.

Packaging Requirements: Securely enclose batteries in strong outer packaging. Positioning units side-by-side with sufficient cushioning and partitions protect against short-circuiting.
Non-Conductive Divider Inner Container Sturdy Outer Container Fig. 1 UN SPECIFICATION PACKAGING All metal containers must incorporate an acid/alkali leak-proof liner adequately sealed to prevent leakage in the event of a spill. Fig. 2 Sample Packaging: Multiple Wet Batteries

Nonspillable Batteries:
In accordance with 49CFR§173.159 and USG-11, an IATA (USG-11) nonspillable wet electric storage battery may be regarded as not subject to the Regulations if the battery and its outer packaging are plainly and durably marked ”NONSPILLABLE“ or ”NONSPILLABLE BATTERY“ and the battery meets the conditions for being regarded as not subject to the Regulations as prescribed in Special Provision A67 (No shipper’s declaration required).
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Lithium Batteries:

blister wrap, pasteboard or other fully enclosed packaging that will protect each battery and cell from making contact with another lithium battery or cell, or any item that is capable of conducting electricity, in order to prevent short-circuiting. Please note: Multiple batteries enclosed in a single form-fitting "retail ready" blister pack are acceptable. ? FedEx Express will accept shipments containing lithium batteries and cells provided they are offered in accordance with the IATA (DGR) and Title 49 CFR. Shippers are required to contact FedEx Express for preapproval authorization at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339, option 81 or Local Customer Service Team to certify their compliance with this lithium battery and cell standard.

? UN3090 Lithium Metal Batteries (including lithium alloy batteries). ? UN3091 Lithium Metal Batteries Contained in Equipment (including lithium alloy batteries). ? UN3091 Lithium Metal Batteries Packaged with Equipment (including lithium alloy batteries). ? UN3480 Lithium Ion Batteries (including Li-ion polymer batteries). ? UN3481 Lithium Ion Batteries Contained in Equipment (including Li-ion polymer batteries). ? UN3481 Lithium Ion Batteries Packaged with Equipment (including Li-ion polymer batteries). Regulations. The regulations pertaining to transporting lithium cells and batteries have changed significantly. The batteries or cells must be tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. See 49CFR§173.185, the ICAO Technical Instructions and the IATA (DGR) Special Provisions. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (DOT PHMSA), implemented a prohibition of lithium metal batteries on passenger-carrying aircraft.

Fig. 3 Sample Packaging: Lithium Metal Battery in Blister Pack Cushioning Divider Sturdy Outer Container

Fig. 4 Sample Packaging: Lithium Metal Batteries Cushioning Individually Packaged UN Specification Packaging Sample of Lithium Metal Battery (Prior to Packaging)

FedEx Express has implemented additional packaging requirements on lithium metal batteries as outlined below. This policy applies to: ? Lithium batteries and cells shipped fully marked, labeled and certified in accordance with the International Air Transport Association (IATA) dangerous-goods regulations. ? Lithium batteries and cells shipped under "Competent Authority" granted by any national authority. ? Lithium batteries and cells previously excepted from other regulatory requirements in the IATA dangerous-good regulations Special Provisions.

Packaging Requirements for Lithium Metal Batteries: ? Lithium batteries and cells must be individually packaged in fully enclosed inner packaging consisting of plastic

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Packaging Requirements: Each cell or battery must be constructed with safety vents or cap posts to prevent short-circuiting and violent rupture during typical transport operations. Additional protection for shipments containing multiple batteries may be achieved by a side-by-side positioning. Outer packaging must meet Packing Group II performance standards.
Non-Conductive Divider

Part 1 Lithium Batteries – partially regulated
Shipments containing smaller amounts of Lithium batteries are not marked and labeled as DG, but they may have the new IATA lithium battery label shown below. The shipper is required to print or hand write the type of battery on the label in place of the*. The battery types are Lithium Ion Battery (or Metal) Battery. The shipper is required to print or hand write their phone number in place of the xxx.xxx.xxxx.

Cushioning to Restrict Movement

CAUTION!

Sturdy Outer Container Fig. 5 Sample Packaging: Multiple Lithium Batteries

*LITHIUM ION (or Metal) BATTERY DO NOT LOAD OR TRANSPORT PACKAGE IF DAMAGED For more information, call xxx.xxx.xxxx.

Minimum dimensions: 120 × 110 mm Colors: The border of the label must have red diagonal hatchings. Text and symbols black on a contrasting background

Fig. 6 Improper Packaging: ? Missing Non-Conductive Divider ? Void Areas Allow for Movement

Each cell or battery must have been tested and meets the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria 38.3. A plastic blister pack or other non-conductive material is used to wrap each battery or cell. The terminals are insulated from short circuiting (e.g. with plastic caps non-conductive dividers. No foreign objects can touch or otherwise allowed to touch the terminals). A strong outer package is used, inside with cushioning adequate to prevent movement of the battery or cell. Each shipment bearing lithium battery label must include a document indicating that package contains lithium batteries, handle with care, flammability if damage, special procedure in case of damage & telephone number. Each package should be capable of withstanding 1.2 meter drop test without damage to cells or batteries therein, shifting of the contents and/or release of contents.

Battery Short-Circuit Batteries may overheat and become a fire or explosion hazard if the terminals are shortcircuited. Protect terminals from foreign objects and freight to avoid conductivity.
Fig. 7 Example of a typical battery incident

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Recalled or Defective Batteries and Electronic Equipment:
Recalled or defective batteries contained within electronic equipment MUST NOT be offered fo transport via FedEx Express. Recalled or Defective Electronics with Batteries Installed: Electronics being returned with batteries installed do not require supplemental packaging; however, the device must be cushioned and braced to prevent movement or puncture and accidental activation. The device must be in the off mode at time of presentation to carrier and throughout transport cycle. If the device being returned has the battery removed but included in the outer package, the battery must be securely packaged as previously stated in the packaging section text on page 4.

Dry Cell Batteries:
These are the sealed, non-vented batteries used in flashlights or small appliances. They contain zinc salts and other solids or may be packed in combination with other metals.

Fig. 9 Sample Packaging: Dry Cell Batteries ? Cushioning ? Divider

Shipping:
FedEx Express WILL NOT accept “Recalled” or “Defective” lithium batteries, either as a stand-alone unit or contained within equipment for transit. ? For alternate shipping options, contact the Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339, option 81 or Local Customer Service Team for further assistance and information.

Packaging Requirements: Pack these batteries securely side-by-side, in order to prevent movement or dangerous short-circuit.

Fig. 10 Improper Packaging: Loose batteries can cause dangerous short-circuit Fig. 8 Example of a typical battery incident with a laptop computer.

When electronics are transported with batteries, the batteries should remain within the device. Additional Requirements: ? Devices must be left in the off position. ? Items must be properly cushioned to prevent movement. ? Contents must be placed in a sturdy outer container.

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