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2016中考英语一轮复习 第8讲 八上 Units 7-8课件 新人教版


第8讲

八年级(上)

Units 7~8

类别 重 点 词 汇 拓 展

新课标要求 1.pollute ( v.)→ pollution (n.)污染;污染物 2.agree (v.)→ disagree (反义词 v.)不同意; 持不同意见;有分歧 3.possible ( adj.)→ impossible(反义词 adj.) 不可能的→ possibly (adv.)可能;也许

类别 重 点 词 汇 拓 展

新课标要求 4.final (adj.)→finally (adv.)最后;最终→ in the end/at last(同义短语) 5.salt (n.)→salty (adj.)咸的 6.tradition (n.)→traditional (adj.)传统的;惯 例的 7.mix (v.)→mixture (n.)混合 8.serve (v.)→servant (n.)仆人

类别 重 点 短 语 记 忆

新课标要求 1.play a part 参与;发挥作用 2.in the future 在将来 3.hundreds of 许多;大量 4.fall down 跌倒;倒塌;突然倒下 5.look for 寻找;寻求

类别 重 点 短 语 记 忆

新课标要求

6.turn on 接通 (电流、煤气、水等);打开 7.pour... into 把??倒入 8.take out 取出;拿出 9.fill... with 使充满;装满

类别 重 点 句 型 整 理

新课标要求 1.Will people use money in 100 years? 一百年以后人们还使用钱吗? 2.What will the future be like? 将来是什 么样的?

类别 重 点 句 型 整 理

新课标要求 3.How do you make a banana milk shake? 你是怎样做香蕉奶昔的? 4.How many bananas do we need? 我们需要多少个香蕉?

1.Do you think there will be robots in people's homes? 你认为人们家里将会有机器人吗?(Unit 7)

【考点透析】 本句是一个含有宾语从句的主从复 合句,其中宾语从句是 there be 句型的一般将来时。 There be 句型的一般将来时,可用 There will be 或 There is/are going to be...表示。 There will/is going to be a basketball match this evening. 今晚将有一场篮球赛。

【归纳拓展】 (1)There be 句型中就主语提问用 What's...。 There's a picture on the wall.墙上有幅画。 What's on the wall?墙上有什么? (2)There be 句型的反意疑问句中附加问句为“be 动词的肯定/否定形式+there?” There are few people in the park,are there? 公园里几乎没有人,对吗?

2.Will people use money in 100 years? 一百年以后人们还使用钱吗?(Unit 7)

【考点透析】 in 100 years 意为“一百年以后”。 “ in+一段时间”常用于将来时的句子中,意为“在 (一段时间 )之后”, 表示从现在算起多长时间之后, 对 其提问要用 how soon。 —How soon will he be back ?他多久才回来? —He will be back in two days.他两天后回来。

【妙辨异同】 in与 after
in after 表示以现在为起点的将来一段时间之后,常用于表 示将来的时态中 表示“在(一段时间)之后”,但多表示过去的一段 时间之后,通常用于表示过去的时态中。但若表示 将来某一时刻之后,要用after而不能用in

Mr. Brown will fly to Beijing in 3 hours. 三小时后布朗先生将飞往北京。 After half an hour, the boys went to play soccer. 半小时后,男孩们去踢足球了。 She will finish the work after 6 o'clock. 她将在六点后完成那项工作。

3.Turn on the blender. 打开搅拌器。(Unit 8) 【考点透析】 turn on 意为“打开;接通”。 Turn on the TV and let's watch the World Cup. 打开电视我们看世界杯吧。

【妙辨异同】 turn on 与 open

Turn off the TV and open the window. 关上电视,打开窗户。

【归纳拓展】 turn的常用短语

【温馨提示】 在动词+副词构成的短语中,代词作宾语时须把 代词放在动词和副词之间。 You'd better not watch TV now. Please turn it off., 你现在最好别看电视。请把它关掉。

4. ...put the beef, carrots and potatoes into a pot and add some water.??将牛肉、胡萝卜和土豆放入 锅中,并加入一些水。(Unit 8)

【考点透析】 put... into... 意为“把??放 入??”。 He put some salt into noodles. 他在面条里放了一些盐。

【归纳拓展】 put 的常用短语 put on 穿上;戴上;上演 put up 提高(价格等) ;张贴;建造;使升高 put out 扑灭;熄灭 put off 推迟 put away 把??收起来;放好 put down 放下;写下;镇压,put back 将??放回; 推迟;延期

put forward 提出;向前拔 put in 把??写进(信函、故事等) ;插话;正式 提,出(要求等)?

Who knows the answer? Please put up your hand! 谁知道答案?请举手! Tom, put away your socks.You must look after your things! 汤姆,把你的袜子收起来。你必须管好自己的东 西。

同步训练

基础知识过关 一、词汇应用(10分) (一)根据句意及首字母提示完成单词(5分) 1.Larry wrote her name on a piece of paper. 2.I think we should reduce(减少) pollution and keep the air clean. 3.I think there will be more trees and the environment will be much better.

4.Please pour the water into the glass. 5.Be careful, or you may cut your finger.

(二)用所给单词的适当形式填空(5 分) 6.In 100 years,people will work(work) on a space station. 7.Robots can help with dangerous(danger) jobs. 8.Finally(final), we made a decision on the matter.

9.There are thousands of travelers(travel) coming to China to visit the Great Wall every year. 10.To make a sandwich, we need two pieces(piece) of bread, some vegetables and some butter.

二、根据汉语提示完成句子(10分) 1.我们永远不知道未来会发生什么。 We never know what will happen in the future. 2.我认为人们不会活到200岁。 I don't think people will live to be 200 years old. 3.将来会有更少的污染和更多的树木。 There will be less pollution and more trees in the future.

4.请打开收音机听新闻。 Please turn on the radio and listen to the news. 5.你需要多少酸奶? How much yogurt do you need?

三、按要求完成句子(10 分) 1.Will people use money in the future? (作肯定回 答) Yes, they will. 2. Kids will study at home on computers. (改为否定 句) Kids won't study at home on computers.

3. Many people fly to the moon now. (用 in the future 代替 now 改写句子 ) Many people will fly to the moon in the future. 4. Cut up the bananas before you make a banana milk shake. (改为否定句 ) Don't cut up the bananas before you make a banana milk shake. 5. I need two spoons of honey. (对画线部分提问 ) How many spoons of honey do you need?

综合能力提高

一、单项选择(20分)
1.—Mom, where are my socks? —Under your bed. You should________ your things. A.put on C.put away B.put down

【 解 析 】 考 查 动 词 短 语 辨 析 。 put on“ 穿 上 ” ; put
down“放下;写下”;put away“将……收起;把……放

回原处”。由句意可知选C项。
答案:C

2.—Would you like some ________? —No, thanks. I'm not hungry at all.

A.yogurt
C.honey

B.popcorns
D.bread

【 解 析 】yogurt“ 酸 奶 ” ; popcorn“ 爆 米 花 ” ;
honey“蜂蜜 ”; bread“面包”。根据答语中 “我一点儿 也不饿 ” ,可推知前句是问吃的食物,排除 A 、 C ; popcorn是不可数名词,没有复数形式。 答案:D

3.There are no words to describe ________ I miss my hometown. A.how much C.how soon B.how many D.how long

【解析】how much“多少”,对价格或不可数名词提问, 也可表示程度;how many“多少”,对可数名词数量提

问;how soon“多久”,对将来时态中的“in+一段时间”

提问;how long“多长”,提问时间长短或物体的长度。
句意为“没有语言可以形容我是多么想念我的家乡 ”。 本题表示程度,故选A。 答案:A

4.(2015· 沈阳)A dog will love you faithfully and bring
you ________ happiness for years.

A.lots of

B.many

C.a little

D.a few

【解析】句意为“一只狗会长年忠实地爱你并给你带来 时应用lots of修饰。故选A。 答案:A

很多快乐”。happiness是不可数名词,表示“很多快乐”

5.(2015· 襄阳)—Could you ________ the computer for
me, dear? I want to check my emails. —Certainly, I'll do it right away. A.turn on C.turn off B.turn down D.turn up

【解析】 考查动词短语辨析。 turn on“ 打开 ” ; turn
down“关小”;turn off“关掉”;turn up“开大”。根据 句意,A项符合题意。 答案:A

6.Mr. Li asks us to remember that ________ careful we are, ________ mistakes we will make.

A.the more; the fewer
B.the fewer; the more

C.the more; the more
D.the less; the fewer 【解析】 考查形容词比较级的用法。 “ the +比较级, the+比较级 ” 表示 “ 越 …… ,越 ……” 。由题意 “ 我们 越仔细,犯的错就越少”可知答案为A。

答案:A

7.—Would you mind________ the music a little? Don't you think it's too loud?

—Sorry! I'll do it in a minute.
A.turning on B.turning off

C.turning up

D.turning down

【解析】 考查动词短语辨析。 turn on“ 打开 ” ; turn off“关上”; turn up“调大(音量等 )”; turn down“调低 (音量等)”。由后句“Don't you think it's too loud?”可 知选D项。

答案:D

8.There ________ a basketball match between Class

One and Class Three this afternoon.
A.is going to be C.are going to be B.will have D.is going to have

【解析】考查There be的一般将来时态。There be的一 般将来时态是 There are going to/is going to/will be...a

basketball match是单数,be动词用is,因此选A。
答案:A

9.—Which team do you think ______ the game?
—Hard to say. There are still ten minutes before it ends. A.won C.will win B.has won D.wins

【解析】由答语“很难说。比赛结束还有十分钟呢 ”可

推知问句应用一般将来时态。故选C。
答案:C

10.Can you imagine what life will be like in ________

time?
A.50 years' B.50 year's C.50years' D.50years 【解析】考查名词所有格作定语的用法。当名词复数以 s结尾时, 直接在后面加'即可。

答案:A

二、完形填空 (20 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、 C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Natural resources are things that we use that come from Earth. Our natural resources are limited(有限的). This means that they will not __1__forever. Some are renewable, like when you plant a new tree when you __2__one down. Others are not renewable, like when you dig coal(煤) out of the __3__. Once it is used, it is gone.

People realize the __4__that Earth's natural resources are limited, and can do things to help conserve(节约)those resources. __5__you try to conserve a natural resource, you try to use less of it so it does not get used up so __6__. One way that people conserve fuel, like gasoline, is by riding a bicycle or walking when the __7__is short instead of driving everywhere.

Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay __8__. We can conserve water __9__making sure that our pipes and taps do not leak(漏). We can also make __10__choices to conserve water, like only using the dishwasher or washing machine when they are full. Everyone can make contributions to protecting natural resources. 【主旨大意】自然资源是有限的,我们应该节约 自然资源,保护环境。文章旨在呼吁我们节约自然资 源,并给出了一些建议。

1.A.last

B.spread

C.burn

D.change

【解析】last“持续 ” ; spread“传播 ” ; burn“燃烧 ”; change“ 变化 ” 。由上文中的 “ Our natural resources

are limited(有限的)”可知,它们不会“持续”到永远。
故last符合文意。

答案:A

2.A.turn

B.cut

C.put 答案:B
3.A.station C.ground

D.move

【解析】cut down表示“砍倒”,符合文意。 B.building D.brick

【 解 析 】station“ 车 站 ” ; building“ 建 筑 物 ” ;

ground“ 地 ” ; brick“ 砖 ” 。结合文意可知应选 ground 。

答案:C

4.A.news C.decision

B.plan D.fact

【解析】news“ 消息 ” ; plan“计划 ” ; decision“决定 ” ; fact“事实”。由空后的“that Earth's natural resources 答案:D

are limited”可知,这是一个“事实 ”。故fact符合文意。

5.A.When C.Whatever

B.Although D.Whether

【解析】由下文中的“you try to use less of it”可知,此

处表示“当你想要节约一种自然资源的时候”。when表
示“当??时候”,符合文意。 答案:A

6.A.slowly C.regularly

B .hard D.fast

【 解 析 】slowly“ 缓 慢 地 ” ; hard“ 努 力 地 ” ;
regularly“有规律地 ”; fast“快地 ”。由上文中的 “you

try to use less of it”可知,它就不会这么“快”被用光。
故fast符合文意。 答案:D

7.A.money C.place

B.space D.distance

【解析】money“ 钱 ” ; space“ 空间 ” ; place“ 地方 ” ; distance“距离 ” 。由上文中的 “ by riding a bicycle or

walking”可知,当“距离”短的时候。故distance符合文
意。 答案:D

8.A.alive C.asleep

B.alone D.awake

【解析】alive“活着的”;alone“独自的”;asleep“睡着 因为为了“活着”我们都需要它。故alive符合文意。
答案:A 9.A.about C.by B.for D.with

的”;awake“醒着的”。水是一种非常重要的自然资源,

【解析】此处表示“通过”应使用介词by。

答案:C

10.A.generous C.wise

B.funny D.surprising

【 解 析 】generous“ 慷 慨 的 ” ; funny“ 有 趣 的 ” ;
wise“明智的”;surprising“令人惊奇的”。由下文中的

“like only using the dishwasher or washing machine
when they are full”可知,我们还可以做出“明智的”选 择来节约水。故wise符合文意。 答案:C

三、任务型阅读(10分)(2015· 德州) 阅读短文,根据题目要求完成各小题。 We need to be responsible(有责任心的) for our environment. Being a frugal consumer(节俭的消费者) is one way to help. But, what exactly does that mean? Use it up You can use things up instead of wasting them. Press that last bit of toothpaste(牙膏) out. Use the last little piece of soap. Don't throw away any bits of the biscuit at the bottom of the box.

4 ①________ You do not always need to have new things. Suppose there are holes in your socks. Mend them and wear them longer. You don't have to have the latest telephone until the old one doesn't work anymore. Then you can get a new one. 2 Think twice before replacing something that still works.

4 ②________ When something you want is not on hand, look for something else that you already have to take its place. Suppose you are preparing your lunch for tomorrow and want a butter sandwich. However, there is not any butter in your home. Have a cheese sandwich instead so that you can use all of the cheese. With a little thought, you can make something do, instead of buying something new.

Do without Think about all those things that you would like to have. Do you really need them? How long will you really play with that new toy? Make a list of things that you want. Delete the things that you don't really need, so you can save a lot of resources(资源).

1.When can you get a new telephone according to the passage? You don't have to have the latest telephone until the old one doesn't work anymore./You can have the latest telephone when the old one doesn't work(anymore) . /When the old telephone doesn't work(anymore).

2 . Please translate the underlined sentence into Chinese. 在更换仍然能用的东西之前,请三思/请好好考虑 一下/请斟酌。 3.What should you do if you don't have butter for a sandwich at home? You can use something else, for example

cheese(instead of butter).

4.从下列A、B、C中选出能填入文中空白处的 最佳段意。 ①A ②C A.Wear it out B.Stop pollution C.Make it do

5. Give a title(题目 ) to the passage. Being a frugal consumer/Being frugal/One way to be responsible for our environment/What does being a frugal consumer mean/Be responsible for our environment/How to be a frugal consumer

四、书面表达(20分) 我们无法改变过去,却能用勤奋和智慧创造美好 的未来。亲爱的同学,你对未来的生活有怎样的期待 呢? 请以“My Life in the Future”为题写一篇80词左 右的短文,畅想自己未来的学习、工作和生活。

My Life in the Future My life in the future will be colorful and meaningful. I want to be a good doctor when I grow up. I believe I'll bring my patients health and happiness. In my spare time, I'll stay with my family. We'll travel a lot and do lots of sports. I'll also read as many books as I can, for I want to improve myself. Even if I'm busy with my work, I will never give up studying.

I'm sure my dream will come true because of my hard work and the life in the future will get better and better.


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