必修 5 Unit 基础操练
The United Kingdom
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. Our class is d into two groups during the discussion. 2. What he said in the meeting p all of us. 3. The c of tr
ansportation in this area brings hope to this mountain village. 4. Her beautiful singing drew the a of the professor. 5. The film Hero has much a for the youth. 6. The habit of c stamps benefit him a lot. 7. If something is done for your c , it is done in a way that is suitable or useful for you. 8. An a is something that people can go for interest or enjoyment, for example a famous building. 9. The bad (影响)of the flood is that no people are dared to swim in that river. 10. The (工业的) area of this country made more pollution to the air compared with agricultural area. Ⅱ. 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空 consist of/divide into/leave out/take the place of/break down/in memory of/have influence on 1. This word is wrongly spelt. You have a letter. 2. The professor has suddenly fallen ill. Who can him to give the lecture? 3. The Roman Empire in 476 AD. 4. The museum was built the great writer—Lu Xun. 5. The country nearly 200 islands. 6. The cake four parts for us to share. 7. My teacher me. Without his instruction, I doubt if I could be so successful. Ⅲ. 翻译句子 1. 现在很有必要马上通知他们会议取消了。
2. 为了不让野兽接近,我们让火通宵达旦地燃烧着（keep, have） 。
Ⅳ.单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. When I got back home I saw a message to the door reading “Sorry to miss you；I will call you later”. A. pin B. pins C. pinned D. to pin 2. North America the United States, Canada, and Mexico. A. is made of B. consist of C. composes D. comprises 3. Would it be for you to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport? A. free B. vacant C. handy D. convenient 4. nice，the food was all eaten up soon. A. Tasting B. Taste C. Tasted D. To taste 5. I have no one me, for I am a new comer here. A. help B. helping C. to help D. to have helped 6. As time went by, the plan stuck fairly practical. A. to proved B. to proving C. proved D. to be proved 7. —How come a simple meal like this costs so much? —We have in your bill the cost of the cup you broke just now. A. added B. included C. contained D. charged 8. In copying this paper, be careful not to any words. A. leave behind B. leave aside C. leave off D. leave out 9. American Indian about five percent of the U.S. population. A. fill up B. bring up C. make up D. set up 10. If a person has not had enough sleep, his actions will give him during the day. A. away B. up C. in D. back
Ⅴ.阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 A Anger is good for you, as long as you control it, according to new psychology research. A new study from Carnegie Mellon University shows anger may help people reduce the negative impacts of stress and help you become healthier. “Here getting emotional is not bad for you if you look at the case of anger,” said Jennifer Lerner of Carnegie Mellon. “The more people display anger, the lower their stress responses.” Lerner studied 92 UCLA students by asking them to count back from 6,200. They must say out loud every thirteenth number. Researchers disturbed them by asking them to count faster or ask them other questions. If they made any mistakes, they had to restart from the very beginning. Many students felt depressed about making so many mistakes or got angry. Lerner used a hidden video camera and recorded all their facial expressions during the test. The researchers describe their reactions as fear, anger and disgust. Other researchers recorded the students’ blood pressure,pulse and production of a high-stress hormone(荷尔蒙) called cortisol.People whose faces showed more fear during the experiment had higher blood pressure and higher levels of the hormone. Both can have lasting effects such as diabetes(糖尿病), heart disease, depression and extra weight gain. When people feel fear, negative impacts increase, but when they get angry, those negatives go down, according to the study. “Having that sense of anger leads people to actually feel some power in what otherwise is a maddening (令人发狂的) situation,” Lerner said. Lerner previously studied Americans’ emotional response to the 9·11 terrorist attacks two months after the incident. She found people who reacted with anger were more optimistic. These people are healthier compared with those who were frightened during the event. So in maddening situations, anger is not a bad thing to have. It’s a healthier response than fear. 1. What is the story mainly about? A. The findings of new psychology research. B. What you can do with anger in certain cases. C. Different effects produced by anger and fear. D. Healthier responses in maddening situations. 2. Which statement will Jennifer Lerner agree with? A. It’s better to be angry than to be frightened. B. Different reactions reflect different outlooks on life. C. Don’t control your anger and it makes you powerful. D. Pessimistic people are generally healthier. 3. What does the underlined word “both” refer to according to the passage? A. Fear and anger. B. Blood pressure and pulse. C. Blood pressure and cortisol.
D. 4. A. B. C. D. 5. A. B. C. D.
Higher blood pressure and higher levels of the hormone. In what ways can anger be beneficial to people? By showing their optimistic side. By reducing their stress. By reducing high blood pressure. By taking the place of fear. The researchers irritated(激怒) the students by . recording their performance secretly asking them to count to 6,200 again and again disturbing them and making them start all over again criticizing them when they made mistakes B The best way to come first is to go last. An analysis of almost 50 years of competitions — including Eurovision Song Contests and world skating championships —has found that contestants are more likely to win if they are among the last to appear before the judges. The study by an American university appears to provide scientific proof(证据) that the best man, or woman, does not always win. It found that, on average, the last competitor to appear in the Eurovision Song Contest was more than twice as likely to win as the one who went on first. The first rounds of figure-skating championships, for which the running order is selected at random, showed more dramatic results. The final skater had a 14 percent chance of victory, making him or her more than four times as likely to win as the first skater. The study showed a gradual worsening of chances for competitors who appeared earlier in the running order. A contestant who appears first in a contest is two percent less likely to win than one who appears second. A contestant who appears second is two percent less likely to win than one who appears third, and so on. The findings are published in the March issue of Acta Psychologica, a scientific journal. Robert Hardman, a senior lecturer in psychology at London Metropolitan University who specializes in the science of decision-making, said that the results were interesting. He suggested that the effect was caused by the limitations of the human memory. “When people make comparisons, they aren’t really able to make a lot of fine-grade discrimination. When contestants appear at the beginning of a contest, judges have little to compare them to and are perhaps wary(谨慎的) of the scores they give,” he said. “Later on, when judges are able to compare the contestants to those that have gone before, they might give more extreme marks because they feel more confident about their judgments.” 6. Robert Hardman’s words mainly tell about his . A. own achievement in the research B. explanation for the findings
C. suggestion to solve the problem D. comments on the findings 7. The first skater in the first round of figure skating championships had a percent chance of winning. A. two B. three C. four D. six 8. According to the study, the best competitor does not always win possibly because he/she . A. fails to show his/her very best B. is mistakenly put in the running order C. meets with unfair judges D. appears too early before the judges 9. Judging from the context, the underlined word “worsening” in the 5th paragraph should mean . A. decrease in number B. increase in degree C. reduction in possibility D. rising in quantity 10. What may be a problem with the judges according to the article? A. They can’t remember things well enough. B. They believe the first is seldom the best. C. They don’t really know what is good. D. They show favor towards the contestants they like.
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. divided 2. puzzled 3. convenience 4. attention 5. attraction 6. collecting 7. convenience 8. attraction 9. influence 10. industrial Ⅱ. 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空 1. left out 2. take the place of 3. broke down 4. in memory of 5. consists of 6. is divided into 7.has influence on Ⅲ.翻译句子 1. There’s a great need to tell them at once that the meeting has been called off/cancelled. 2. In order to keep wild animals away, we had the fire burning all night long. 3. It’s a shame that you should have got into trouble on that occasion. 4. When asked why he was absent from school, he dropped his head without a word.
5. He suggests the classroom be cleaned twice a day.
Ⅳ.单项填空 1. 解析：选 C。pinned 在句中充当 message 的宾语补足语，与宾语 message 之间是被动关系， 故用过去分词。 2. 解析：选 D。 “由……构成”可用 be made up of，consist of 或 comprise 表示，但是要 注意，B 项主谓不一致。 3. 解析：选 D。句意为：四点钟你把我捎到机场方便吗? free 自由的，免费的；vacant 空的； handy 快捷的，手边的。 4. 解析：选 A。taste 为系动词，tasting nice 在句中作原因状语。 5. 解析：选 C。考查非谓语动词的用法。由句意可知，句子空白处的非谓语动词作定语。 6. 解析：选 A。stuck to 是过去分词作定语，修饰 the plan；proved 是 the plan 的谓语， prove 表示“结果证明”时，是系动词，无被动语态，故排除 D 项。 7. 解析：选 B。考查动词词义辨析。根据句意“你的账单中已包括刚才打破的杯子的费用” 。 include 指包含不同的部分；contain 着重指被容纳的东西是整体的组成部分。 8. 解析：选 D。考查词义辨析。从句意分析，应表示“不要遗漏任何东西” 。 leave behind 留下；leave aside 搁置,不考虑；leave off 停止。 9. 解析：选 C。考查短语辨析。fill up 装满，填满；bring up 带大，抚养大；make up 组 成，编造，虚构，化妆；set up 建立，建造。根据句意：美国的印第安人大约占美国总人口 的百分之五。可知，C 项正确。 10. 解析：选 A。考查固定搭配。give ...away 泄露（秘密等） ，出卖，此处意为“显露出” 。 Ⅴ.阅读理解 1. 解析：选 A。主旨大意题。通读全文可知此文讲述的是对生气的最新研究。 2. 解析：选 B。判断理解题。主要考查 Jennifer Lerner 的观点“Here getting emotional is not bad for you if you look at the case of anger”,“The more people display anger, the lower their stress responses.” 。 3. 解析：选 D。猜测词义题。由第五段中的第二、三句话可知，应选 D 项。 4. 解析：选 B。信息理解题。由第一段中的“...reduce the negative impacts of stress...” 可知，应选 B 项。 5. 解析：选 C。细节理解题。由第三段的“Researchers disturbed them by asking them to count faster or ask them other questions”可知，应选 C 项。 6. 解析：选 B。主旨大意题。通读全文可知，文章讲的是研究结果。 7. 解析：选 B。细节理解题。第四段中讲到了这一点。 8. 解析：选 D。细节理解题。从第一段和第二段中可得到答案。 9. 解析： 选 C。 猜测词义题。 由第五段中的 “...worsening of chances for competitors who...” 可知。 10. 解析：选 A。细节理解题。由倒数第三段最后一句话“...the effect was caused by the limitations of the human memory”可知。