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裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记 第二十四课


单词学习
manager n. 经理,管理人 1) manage v. 经营,管理 management n. 管理 eg. I want to manage my own company one day. 我想有一天经营自己的公司。 manage a shop 经营一家商店

/ run a shop

/operate a s

hop manage a business 经营公司 manage a factoty 经营一家工厂 manage money 理财 2) n. a person controlling a business, etc. a shop manager 商店经理 a hotel manager 旅馆经理 a cinema manager 影院经理 the general manager 总经理 eg. His wife is a bad manager. 他妻子不会当家。

/His wife is a poor manager.

upset 1) adj. 苦恼的, 心烦的,不安的 eg. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. 我刚丢了 50 英镑,感到心很烦。 eg. He was upset at not being invited. 他因没有被邀请而感到苦恼。 2) v. 使哭恼,心烦意乱,弄翻,打乱,使(肠胃)不适,意外击败

upset-----upset----upset eg. The terrible sight upsets me. 这可怕的景象令我心烦意乱。 eg. A tall bottle upsets easily. 高瓶子容易翻倒。

eg. He upset his stomach by eating too much rich food. 他吃了太多油腻的东西感到胃不舒服。 eg. Don’t be upset by trifles ['traifl] . 不要为小事烦恼。 3) n. 翻倒,打乱,(在比赛中)意外失败 eg. The fire caused an upset in the building. 大火在大楼里引起混乱。 eg. The news gave me quite an upset. 这个消息令我心烦意乱。 eg. Their team suffered an upset. 他们队意外地失败了。 sympathetic [,simp?'θetik] adj. 表示同情的

be sympathetic to sb 对某人表示同情

/be sympathetic towards sb

/ be sympathetic with sb a sympathetic look 同情的表情 a sympathetic smile 同情的微笑 a sympathetic remark 同情的语言 feel sympathetic towards the beggar 对那个乞丐表示同情 eg. The hotel manager was sympathetic to me. 这个旅店经理对我表示同情。 sympathy ['simp?θi] n. [U] 同情 show sympathy to sb 对某人表示同情

/show sympathy towards sb

/express sympathy to sb

/express sympathy towards sb

/feel sympathy for

eg. She never expressed any sympathy when I was in trouble. 当我有麻烦时,她从来不表示任何同情。

sympathy n. [U] 同感,共鸣,支持,一致←→antipathy [?n't?p?θi:] n. 反感,厌 恶,憎恶 eg. I have sympathy with his opinion. 我赞成他的意见。 sympathize ['simp?θaiz] vi.同情, 支持 sympathize with sb 同情某人 eg. I don’t want you to sympathize with me. 我并不想要你同情我。 complain v. 抱怨 1) complain to sb about/at sth 对某人抱怨某事 eg. I don’t like you. You are always complaining! 我不喜欢你。你总是抱怨。 eg. Stop complaining! 别抱怨了! eg. What was the weather like on your holiday? 你的假日天气怎样? I can’t complain. 没说的。

/ It was as good as could be expected. / Couldn’t be better. 2) complain of 诉说;主诉病情 3) complain that… 抱怨

eg. He complained that nothing came out the way he had expected.

他抱怨说没有什么事情按他所期待的去发展。 4) complainant [k?m'plein?nt] n. 原告,控诉人

/ plaintiff ['ple?nt?f] n.<律>原告 complainer n. 诉苦者,发牢骚的人 complaint [k?m'pleint] n.抱怨, 诉苦;投诉, 控告;疾病 eg. I have no complaint about my pay. 我对工资没什么不满的。

wicked ['wikid] adj. ---er ---est 1) 指人或人的行为不道德的,缺德的,邪恶的 morally bad, evil a wicked deed 邪恶的行为 a wicked lie 邪恶的谎言 eg. That was very wicked of you. 你干的事可真缺德。 It is wicked of sb to do… 某人做…真坏 eg. It is wicked of you to let your dog die of hunger. 让你的狗饿死,你可真缺德。 wicked weather 恶劣的天气 (口) wick n. 蜡烛、油灯等灯芯

bad←→good

naughty ['n?:ti] adj. 淘气的,不听话的,惹麻烦的 mischievous ['m?st??v?s] adj. 小孩等好恶作剧的,表情等顽皮的,淘气的 wicked adj. 邪恶的,道德败坏的

/evil ['i:v?l] contain / hold v. 容纳,包含,内装 该词不能用于进行时态 …have or hold within itself include 包括,该部分是整体的一部分,可分离出来 contain 含有,该内容是整体中不可分离的成分或“容纳,内装” eg. These are 15 girls in the class, including me. 班上有 15 个女孩子,包括我。 eg. The classroom can contain 500 students. 这间教室可容纳 500 名学生。 eg. The whisky contains a large percent of alcohol. 威士忌酒里含有大量的酒精。 container n. 容器 include ←→ exclude [iks'klu:d] 排除,不包括 including ←→ excluding honest adj. 诚实的 honesty n. [U] 诚实←→dishonesty n.

honest ←→ dishonest an honest boy 一个诚实的孩子 it is honest of sb to do 某人做…是正直的 eg. It is honest of you to tell the truth. 你说出事实真相,你是正直的。 to be honest with sb 坦白说 (通常置于句首) honesty n. [U] 诚实,真诚,公正,坦率 eg. Honesty is the best policy. 诚实为上策。 (谚) eg. There is still honesty in the world. 这世界上仍有诚实。 honestly adv. 诚实地 eg. I honestly don’t know. 我真地不知道。 honestly 修饰整个句子,无比较级变化 老实说,坦白说 eg. Honestly, that’s exactly what she said. 老实说,那就是她说的原话。 honestly speaking 坦白说 generally speaking 一般来说 frankly speaking 坦白地说

课文讲解
enter v. 进入 enter for 参加 take part in 参加 join in 参加 entrance n. 入口 entrance to …的入口 entrance to the building 这栋大楼的入口 lose---lost---lost 遗失,失落,丧失 eg. I’ve lost my keys. 我把钥匙弄丢了。 eg. I’ve lost £50. eg. She lost her husband in the crowd. 她和丈夫在人群中走散了。 lose all one’s money at cards 玩牌把钱输光了 lose one’s job 失业

(be out of work) lose temper 发脾气 lose labor 白费力气

lost adj. 失却的,丢了的 recall one’s lost youth 回忆某人失去的青春 eg. My wallet is lost. 我的钱包丢了。

/ My wallet is missing. loss n. 损失 loss of blood 失血 loss of health 失去健康 loss of money 丢失钱财 suffer a loss 遭受损失 suffer a great loss 遭受巨大损失

/suffer a heavy loss be at a loss 不知所措,困惑 eg. She was at a loss for an answer. 她不知怎样回答。 be a dead loss 毫无价值 cut one’s losses 趁早脱手 loss leader 招揽客人的特价品,亏本抛卖的商品 leave sth somewhere 把…留在…

eg. I left my homework at home. 我把作业落在家里了。 eg. I left my keys at my office. 我把钥匙落在办公室了。 but he could do nothing. 他无能为力 /but he couldn’t do anything. Everyone’s losing money these days, he said. 用进行时表示不断重复的动作 eg. You are always complaining. 你总是在抱怨。 eg. He is always telling lies. 他总是说谎。 start to do/ start doing

started to complain

/started complaining complain to sb about 对…抱怨… eg. He is always complaining to me about his fate. 他总是对我抱怨他的命运。

well 1) adv 好地 ←→ badly eg. He did his job pretty well. 他干工作相当不错。 2) adv. 适当地,妥善地

eg. Do you think this color goes well with that one? 你认为这种颜色跟那种颜色搭配吗? 3) adv. 充分地,彻底地 eg. Cook this fish well before you eat. 在吃饭前把这条鱼做好。 eg. She doesn’t know him very well. 她不十分了解他。 4) 相关短语 be well off 经济宽裕 eg. His family is not very well off. 他家不大富裕。 as well 也 eg. He sent me a letter and some money as well. 他寄给我一封信还有一些钱。 be well up in sth 精通 might as well do as do 与其…不如… eg. You might as well throw money away as spend it in gambling. 与其赌博不如把 钱扔掉算了。 eg. Well done! 做得好! 5) adj.

eg. How are you?

I am quite well, thank you. 6) adj. 健康的,健全的,安好的←→ill, sick eg. All is well that ends well. 结局好,一切都好。 (谚) 7) n. 水井,泉水 an oil well 油井

eg. An encyclopedia [en,saikl?u'pi:dj?] is a well of knowledge. 百科全书是知识的源泉。 8) 语气词 eg. Well, that’s true. 是啊,那是真的。 eg. Well, it’s time to leave. 噢,该走了。 eg. Well, here we are. 哎呀,总算到了。 eg. He passed the exam. 他通过考试了。 Well, well! 真好,真好! (表示感叹)

still 1) adv. 仍旧,仍然 eg. Do you still want them? 你还想要吗? 2) adj. 静止的,不动的

eg. Still water runs deep. 静水流深。(谚) eg. Stand still. 站着别动。 eg. Lie still. 躺着别动。

Special difficulties 1) What…, How… ---What + 冠词+ adj. + n. + 主语 + 谓语动词,包括联系动词在内 ---How + adj. + 冠词+ n. + 主语 + 谓语动词 表示惊奇,愤怒,赞赏,喜悦等感情

eg. What a wonderful garden it is!

/What a wonderful garden!

eg. How wonderful a garden it is! 2) 直接宾语与间接宾语

buy sb sth / buy sth for sb

give sb sth / give sth to sb

hand sb sth / hand sth to sb 这类动词后加双宾语,sth 为直接宾语,sb 为间接宾语,对含有双宾语的动词通 常有两种表达方式,取决于直接宾语和间接宾语的位置。

3) not any + n. 与 no + n. eg. There isn’t any tea in the pot.

eg. There is no tea in the pot. 4) 名词所有格 有的直接打’, 有的加 ’s 5) 相近词或词组的辨析

receive----take

be made of----be made from

look for----find

grow up----grow

there is----it is

expect----apart from

excited----exciting

remind----remember

put on----put out

take off----cut off

knock off----knock over

on the way----in the way

borrow----lend 6) 介词、副词的运用

up, off, over, back, on, away, in

Exercise A

1) I received a letter from him yesterday.

took / received

2) On the way from Athens to London, the plane stopped at Rome.

In the / On the eg. Rome was not built in a day. 伟业非一日所成。 eg. When in Rome, do as Romans do. 入乡随俗。 3) Is your watch made of gold?

of / from 4) Can you lend me £5?

borrow/ lend

5) He is such a(n) irritable person.

He is always bad- tempered

irritable / nervous

6) When I grow up, I shall be a pilot.

grow / grow up

7) It’s a very exciting film. It’s / Its, excited / exciting

8) He does not understand English.

realize / understand

9) Father bought a new suit yesterday.

suit / costume

10) Please pay attention to the blackboard.

look after / pay attention to

Exercise B

1) It is a tall building.

What a tall building!

2)You are a clever girl.

What a clever girl you are!

Exercise C

1) She promised a reward to the finder.

She promised the finder a reward.

2) Bring that book to me, please.

Bring me that book, please. 3) I’ve ordered some soup for you. I’ve ordered you some soup.

Exercise D

1) Have you any money? No, I haven’t any money.

No, I have no money.

2) Did you go anywhere in the holidays. No, I didn’t go anywhere in the holidays.

No, I went nowhere in the holidays.

Exercise E

1) Whose umbrella is this? / George It’s George’s.

2) Whose are these uniforms? / The soldiers

They are soldiers’ .

3) Whose poetry do you like best? / Keats I like Keats’ poetry best.

Exercise F 用 up, off, over, back, on, 或 away 填空: 1) He usually knocks off at six o’clock, but today he’s working late. 2) I’m going out now, but I’ll be be back in half an hour.

3) I gave up smoking last year, but I have just started again.

4) The concert was over and everybody left the hall.

5) A new play is on at the phoenix. phoenix ['fi:n?ks] n. 凤凰,长生鸟(神话中的鸟, 在阿拉伯沙漠中, 可活数百年, 然 后自焚为灰而再生) 6) I’ve given away all my old furniture. Exercise G 改变动宾结构的顺序 1) I put on my hat. → I put my hat on. 2) I took off my coat. → I took my coat off. 3) He put out the fire. → He put the fire out.

4) They cut off the King’s head. → They cut the King’s head off.


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