天津市耀华中学 2016 届高三年级第一次月考 英 语 试 卷
(本试卷考试时间 120 分钟,总分 150 分） 本试卷共分为两部分：第 I 卷和第 II 卷 将 I 卷的选择题填涂到答题卡上；II 卷的答案写在答题纸上 I 卷 (满分 115 分) I.听力（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 20 分） 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所
给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When can the man see the headmaster? A. At 9:30. B. At 11:45. C. At 12:40. 2. Why does the man want to keep the window shut? A. Because he is ill. B. Because he wants to open it himself. C. Because the air inside is fresh enough. 3. What is Mike? A. A teacher. B. A student. C. A writer. 4. What has made working at home possible? A. Personal computers. B. Communication industry. C. Living far from companies. 5. Where is the woman? A. In a soap factory. B. In her house. C. At an information desk. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6~7 题。 6. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. At home. B. On a bus. C. In the bank. 7. Why do the two speakers want to buy a car? A. They have a lot of money. B. The man lives too far away from his office. C. The woman’s office is too far away from her home. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8~10 题。 8. Why won’t Mr. Stone come to the clinic tomorrow? A. He can’t spare the time. B. The clinic will be closed. C. Dr. Milton won’t come to work. 9. When is the clinic open in a week? A. From Monday to Friday. B. On weekdays except Thursday. C. During the whole week. 10. What time has finally been fixed for Mr. Stone to come? A. 5:30 p. m., Wednesday. B. 6:15 p. m., Wednesday.
C. 6:15 p. m., Thursday.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 11~13 题。 11. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Neighbors. B. Doctor and patient. 12. When did the woman cough most seriously? A. In the morning. B. In the afternoon. 13. What did the man do for the woman? A. He examined the woman carefully. B. He gave her some medicine and some advice as well. C. He just told her not to worry too much. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14~16 题。 14. What’s the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Friends. 15. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a restaurant. B. At the woman’s home. 16. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Have some soup. B. Bring his wife next time. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17~20 题。 17. What did Nicholas do at eighteen months? A. He began to learn French. B. He read the newspaper. C. He took telephone messages. 18. Why was Nicholas bored and unhappy at the two schools? A. He had too much homework. B. He almost couldn’t learn anything special. C. His teachers often corrected his spelling. 19. Who offered to help Nicholas finally? A. His classmates. B. His parents. 20. What is Nicholas’ life like now? A. Busy without any social life. B. Full but boring. C. Busy at college and free at home.
C. Friends. C. At night.
C. Strangers. C. At the man’s home. C. Have more rice.
C. A college.
II. 单项选择 （共 15 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 15 分） 21. Washing machines made by China have won ______ worldwide attention and Haier has become ______ popular name. A. a ; the B. / ; a C. / ; the D. the ; a 22. --- Brad is Jane’s elder brother. --- ______ he reminds me so much of Jane! A. No doubt B. Above all C. No wonder D. Of course 23. One thing I admire about British people is the polite manner ______ they eat, even if it’s just a potato. A. of which B. by which C. for which D. in which 24. We’ve just moved into a bigger house and there’s a lot to do. Let’s ______ it. A. keep up with B. do away with C. get down to D. look forward to
25. It is a long time ______ they separated, but it won’t be long ______ they meet again. A. since ; before B. after ; when C. since ; when D. after ; before 26. In a Chinese banquet, the first six or seven dishes seemed to fill the table, with some plates dangerously ______ on others. A. balancing B. balanced C. to be balanced D. being balanced 27. When Richard said, “You are much more agreeable and prettier now,” Joan’s face turned red at the unexpected ______. A. command B. comparison C. compliment D. contribution 28. --- Tommy is planning to buy a car. --- I know. By next month, he ______ enough for a used one. A. saves B. is saving C. will save D. will have saved 29. --- Why hasn’t Steve contacted us up to now? ______ anything have happened to him? --- I’m not sure, but I guess something ______. A. Must ; may B. Could ; might C. May ; must have D. Can ; may have 30. I don’t believe what you said, but if you can prove it, you may be able to ______ me. A. convince B. inform C. guarantee D. inspire 31. His writing is so confusing that it’s hard to make out ______ it is that he’s trying to express. A. that B. how C. who D. what 32. My younger sister, ______ for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency. A. struggling B. struggled C. having struggled D. has struggled 33. Sales director is a position ______ communication ability is just as important as sales skills. A. which B. whose C. when D. where 34. --- I left my handbag on the train, but luckily someone gave it to a railway official. --- How unbelievable to get it back! I mean, someone ______ it. A. may have stolen B. might have stolen C. should have stolen D. must have stolen 35. --- Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the British Museum?? --- Sorry, I’m a stranger here.? --- ______.? A. Thanks anyway? B. It doesn’t matter? C. Never mind? D. No problem III. 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分; 满分 30 分) Nick was not the kind of boy I had expected to spend my summer with. I was hoping to have some 36 the summer before my busy senior year, but my mother asked me to do her a 37 . One of her colleagues needed a full-time 38 . “You planned to volunteer at the local hospital, why not volunteer to 39 Nick instead?” Then she told me that this six-year-old boy was not a 40 child. Nick was a lovely little boy who suffered from many disorders. Normal day-care centers would not 41 him. As a baby, he had serious ear infections which left him with equilibrium (平衡) problems. He couldn’t 42 or run properly. I was 43 if I was to take the job when my mother 44 , “Don’t you want to be a nurse in the future? I doubt if you even have the 45 .” Then I told her I was 46 for the job. The day started at 7:00 a.m. Nick was my wake-up call! With so much energy and very little
47 , he was quite a mix. At the park, when he saw all the other children play on the jungle gym and swings, the boy’s face 48 up — How he wished he belonged to the group of his age! You would think it would be 49 to get a child to go down a slide. Believe me, it wasn’t! It took time, a lot of time. But with patience and support, Nick took one step up the slide each day. We worked together to face his 50 and gradually he got closer to taking the slide of his life. Halfway through the summer, he 51 it to the top of the slide. With my arms holding him tightly, we flew down the slide! I waited for his 52 . After realizing that he was safe and sound, he gave me a big 53 and asked, “May I go down again, alone?” I had never been happier in my life when I saw this little child climb the ladder and enjoy what other children 54 for granted. This 55 child taught me that being a nurse means respect, kindness and patience. 36. A. grade B. course C. project D. relaxation 37. A. service B. favour C. business D .trade 38. A. nurse B. waitress C. guard D. guide 39. A. protect B. assist C. attend D. comfort 40. A. normal B. naughty C. clever D. happy 41. A. admit B. receive C. accept D. adopt 42. A. speak B. play C. stand D. walk 43. A. hesitating B. wondering C. questioning D. doubting 44. A. suggested B. argued C. challenged D. commented 45. A. energy B. courage C. faith D. time 46. A. eager B. sorry C. grateful D. ready 47. A. awareness B. balance C. knowledge D. control 48. A. delighted B. cheered C. lighted D. shut 49. A. demanding B. simple C. interesting D. flexible 50. A. fears B. worries C. chances D. situations 51. A. climbed B. got C. managed D. made 52. A. laughter B. reaction C. answer D. greeting 53. A. kiss B. clap C. welcome D. surprise 54. A. play B. do C. take D. enjoy 55. A. miserable B. smart C. lucky D. special IV. 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2.5 分; 满分 50 分) A It was time for Mr. Rocco to shut up shop when I hurried into the florist’s (花店). “Now, what is it that you want?” Mr. Rocco turned to me. “I want the most beautiful flower you have.” I replied. “And just how much do you have to pay for this most beautiful flower? ” I held out a wet hand showing a quarter and a dime. He nodded, and then showed me a plant on the counter. “I can give you this one for 35 cents.” he said. “Aw, gee,” I protested, “it looks like a weed!” About 18 inches high, the plant was in a small pot covered with faded red paper. “Now trust me, boy — I promise that tomorrow morning when you get up, you will find your most beautiful flower.” said Mr. Rocco. I knew him to be a good honest man, so I agreed to take it. It was almost midnight when I arrived home. Mom was seriously sick and using the front
bedroom. I looked in to see if she was asleep, and then quietly tiptoed in and set the plant on the table beside her bed. I wanted her to be surprised when she woke on Mother ’s Day. The next morning, I dressed and hurried downstairs. The sun was shining through kitchen window as I looked into Mom’s room. She motioned for me to come in, and then glanced over at the table where the plant was. Holy mackerel! There were three big yellow trumpet-shaped blooms. It was just like Mr. Rocco said — the most beautiful flower I ever saw! When I looked at Mom, she was smiling as tears streamed down her cheeks. She held out her hand for me to come near, and then pulled me close and hugged till it hurt. Then, remembering her contagious condition and that she wasn’t supposed to touch me, she quickly let me go. My dear Mom died the next night. The moment she hugged me turned out to be the most wonderful moment of my life. Not only had that beautiful plant helped show just how much I loved her, but I’d always know how much she loved me. 56. The author didn’t like the plant recommended by Mr. Rocco at first because________. A. the packing of the plant was shabby B. the plant was actually a weed C. the plant appeared too ordinary to be the most beautiful D. he thought Mr. Rocco was reluctant to do the deal with him 57. Mother’s condition was “contagious” (Line 9, Para 2) for ________. A. she was at the death’s door B. she suffered from the illness C. others were sick of her appearance D. virus might spread from her to others 58. When mother hugged the author tightly, she was showing that________. A. she liked being given gifts B. she valued what the author had done for her C. she was aware of the approaching death D. she was touched by the beauty of the flower 59. The story is mainly developed by ________. A. time B. cause and result C. comparison D. logic 60. Which may be the best title of the passage? A. Flowers of Love B. A Son’s Love for Mother C. Low Price, High Value D. A Special Mother ’s Day B Science fiction writers create imaginary worlds. The way things work in your imaginary worlds will be based on actual science. So it’s important for you to be familiar with the scientific principles and inventions that are related to your creation. For example, if you’re writing about humans living on a planet with zero gravity, then you need to know the effects of zero gravity on the human body. Then you have to figure out the exact rules of your imaginary worlds. And you have to follow them. If humans have evolved to breathe underwater in Chapter 1, your character can’t drown in a swimming pool in Chapter 3. If your robots write poetry but not fiction, then you can’t throw a novelist robot into Chapter 8. The issue here is maintaining your readers’ trust. That means the reader is willing to pretend along with you. If you start out with an ordinary detective novel and then throw in someone breathing underwater in the 6th chapter, your readers’ reaction might be, “What
the h……?” The imaginative spell is broken. You’ve pulled the readers out of their imagination. The same thing happens if you change the rules halfway. Part of your preparation work for the novel is to map out its worlds for yourself in great detail. Decide: the history of the world, the geography, what possibilities it offers, how everything works in this new reality, and how all of these factors affect the way your characters think, feel, and react to things. You don’t have to tell your readers all the rules in the first chapter. But you have to let your readers know enough to understand what’s going on. This also allows you to work out logical problems and contradictions before you start writing. When you are writing, remember to make it feel real. You are inviting readers to visit a new world. They will want to be able to see, hear, feel, smell, and even taste what it’s like. Whether your novel is about a world without disease or an undiscovered planet, help your readers feel like they’re actually there. 61. What’s the relationship between actual science and science fiction? A. Science fiction promotes the development of actual science. B. Science fiction often reflects the development of actual science. C. Actual science limits the imagination described in science fiction. D. Actual science provides basic principles for science fiction. 62. The second paragraph is mainly developed by ________. A. making comparisons B. giving examples C. following the time order D. analyzing causes 63. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. It is necessary to do some scientific experiments before writing science fiction. B. It is more difficult to write science fiction than ordinary detective novels. C. Readers of science fiction actually pretend the writers’ rules are true. D. It is great to leave some contradictions in your science fiction. 64. The target (目标) readers of the passage are ________. A. young scientists B. science fiction writers C. college students D. professional journalists 65. The passage is mainly about ________. A. how to do scientific research B. how to raise interest in science C. what to expect from science fiction D. how to write science fiction C For some time past it has been widely accepted that babies — and other creatures — learn to do things because certain acts lead to “rewards”; and there is no reason to doubt that this is true. But it used also to be widely believed that effective reward, at least in the early stages, had to be directly related to such basic physiological (生理的) “drives” as thirst or hunger. In other words, a baby would learn if he got food or drink of some sort of physical comfort, not otherwise. It is now clear that this is not so. Babies will learn to behave in ways that produce results in the world with no reward except the successful outcome. Papousek began his studies by using milk in the normal way to “reward” the babies and so teach them to carry out some simple movements, such as turning the head to one side or the other. Then he noticed that a baby who had had enough to drink would refuse the milk but would still go on making the learned response with clear signs of pleasure. So he began to study the children’s responses in situations where no milk was provided. He quickly found that children as young as four
months would learn to turn their heads to right or left if the movement “switched on” a display of lights — and indeed that they were capable of learning quite complex turns to bring about this result, for instance, two left or two right, or even to make as many as three turns to one side. Papusek’s light display was placed directly in front of the babies and he made the interesting observation that sometimes they would not turn back to watch the lights closely although they would “smile and bubble” when the display came on. Papousek concluded that it was not primarily the sight of the lights which pleased them, it was the success they were achieving in solving the problem, in mastering the skill, and that there exists a fundamental human urge to make sense of the world and bring it under intentional control. 66. According to the author, babies learn to do things which ________. A. are directly related to pleasure B. will meet their physical needs C. will bring them a feeling of success D. will satisfy their curiosity 67. Papousek noticed in his studies that a baby ________. A. would make learned responses when it saw the milk B. would carry out learned movements when it had enough to drink C. would continue the simple movements without being given milk D. would turn its head to right or left when it had enough to drink 68. In Papousek’s experiment babies make learned movements of the head in order to _______. A. have the lights turned on B. be rewarded with milk C. please their parents D. be praised 69. The babies would “smile and bubble” at the lights because _________. A. the lights were directly related to some basic “drives” B. the sight of the lights was interesting C. they need not turn back to watch the lights D. they succeeded in “switching on” the lights 70. According to Papousek, the pleasure babies get in achieving something is a reflection of ________. A. a basic human desire to understand and control the world B. the satisfaction of certain physiological needs C. their strong desire to solve complex problems D. a fundamental human urge to display their learned skills D When we’re little, our mother is the center of our attention, and we are the center of hers. So our mother ’s characteristics leave an indelible (持久的) impression, and we are forever after attracted to people with her facial features, body type, personality, even sense of humor. If our mother is warm and giving, as adults we tend to be attracted to people who are warm and giving. If our mother is strong and even-tempered, we are going to be attracted to a fair-minded strength in our mates (伴侣). The mother has an additional influence on her sons: she not only gives them clues to what they
will find attractive in a mate, but also affects how they feel about women in general. So if she is warm and nice, her sons are going to think that’s the way women are. They will probably grow up to be warm and responsive lovers and also be cooperative around the house. Conversely (相反地), a mother who has a depressive personality, and is sometimes friendly but then suddenly turns cold and rejecting, may raise a man who becomes a “dance-away lover”. Because he’s been so scared about love from his mother, he’s afraid of commitment and may pull away from a girlfriend for this reason. While the mother determines in large part what qualities attract us in a mate, it’s the father — the first male in our lives — who influences how we relate to the opposite sex. Fathers have an enormous effect on their children’s personalities and chances of marital (婚姻的) happiness. Just as mothers influence their sons’ general feelings toward women, fathers influence their daughters’ general feelings about men. If a father lavishes praise on his daughter and demonstrates (表露出) that she is a worthwhile person, she’ll feel very good about herself in relation to men. But if the father is cold, critical or absent, the daughter will tend to feel she’s not very lovable or attractive. In addition, most of us grow up with people of similar social circumstances. We hang around with people in the same town; our friends have about the same educational backgrounds and career goals. We tend to be most comfortable with these people, and therefore we tend to link up with others whose families are often much like our own. 71. Why do our mother’s characteristics leave us an indelible impression? A. Because we are likely to be attached to people with her characteristics. B. Because mother and her child are the centers of each other when her child is very young. C. Because our mother is better than our dad. D. Because our mother is a woman who is kind to us. 72. What can we know from Paragraphs 2 and 3? A. The mother only influences her sons. B. The sons always think women are warm and nice. C. A mother who has a depressive personality is sure to raise a dance-away lover. D. The mother has an additional influence on her sons. 73. Which of the following is NOT true? A. If our mother ’s warm and giving, we love to be together with warm and generous people. B. If our mother is strong and well-controlled, we are going to be attracted to a fair-minded strength in our mates. C. Mother not only gives her children clues to what they will find attractive in a mate, but also affects how they feel about women in general. D. Fathers influence their daughter’s general feelings about men. 74. What does the underlined word “lavishes” in Paragraph 5 probably mean? A. Uses much. B. Uses little. C. Never uses. D. Seldom uses. 75. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Mothers’ influence on their sons. B. Parents’ influence on their children. C. Parents’ impression on their children. D. Fathers’ influence on their daughters.
II 卷 （满分 35 分） V. 阅读表达 (每小题 2 分; 满分 10 分) When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, “Well, it’s so-and-so’s fault.” or “I know I’m late, but it’s not my fault; the car broke down.” It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to improve the situation. This is the winner’s key to success. Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. Actually, cases of this kind are common occurrence. If your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don’t rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about — creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don’t have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situations to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on “whose fault it is”.
Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success. 76. What is the winner’s key to success according to the passage? (no more than 15 words) 77. How will a person end up if he always blames somebody else for a bad situation? (no more than 15 words) 78. What do problems really mean to a winner? (no more than 5 words) 79. What does the phrase “stepping stones” mean in the passage? (no more than 5 words) 80. Suppose you have difficulty communicating with your parents, how will you deal with this problem? (no more than 25 words)
VI. 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假定你是高三学生李津。一年前曾经在美国 California 的 Stevenson School 参加过为期一个 月的国际学生交流项目。那次活动给你留下深刻的印象。现在请你根据以下要点, 给你在该校 学习期间的老师 Mr. Woods 写一封电子邮件: 1. 询问他的近况 2. 感谢在美国期间他对你的照顾、帮助（生活、英语学习等） 3. 你的好友王磊想在今年夏天报考他的学校, 询问是否方便联系他和咨询相关事宜 4. 邀请他来中国（访问、观光……） 注意: （1）请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息 （2）可适当加入细节，使内容充实，行文连贯 （3）词数不少于 100；开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数
Dear Mr. Woods, How are you doing these days? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Best regards, Yours, Li Jin
天津市耀华中学 2016 届高三年级第一次月考 英 语 答 案
听力 1-20 CABBB ABCAC BCBBB BCBCC 单选 21-35 BCDCA BCDDA DCDBA 完型 36-55 DBACA CDACB DBCBA DBACD 阅读 (A) 56-60 CDBAA (B) 61-65 DBCBD (C) 66-70 CCADA (D)71-75 BDCAB 阅读表达 76. Focusing on how to improve the situation instead of whom to blame. Or: Winners focus on how to improve the situation instead of whom to blame. 77. He has no power and can do nothing that helps change the situation. 78. Challenges and opportunities for self-development. Or: Challenges and opportunities to develop themselves / their talents. 79. Means of / Approaches to / Ways to achieve / Ladder to progress (advancement). Or: Means / Approaches to achieving success / some goal. Or: Means helping people make progress. 80. (A possible version) I will talk with them and understand them in their place, and then we’ll work out a solution together to improve our relationship. 写作 (One possible version) Dear Mr. Woods, How are you doing these days? Although it has been a year since I came back to China, I still relive the thirty thrilling and fascinating days once in a while. I owe so much to you. I know without your kindness, my stay back then would have been quite different. It is you who have opened a new world to me and taught me to see the world from different perspectives and to be grateful to people who smooth away my difficulties during that time. Looking back, never had I known a language could be taught and learnt that way, which, up to this day, remains a guide to my English learning and an inspiration for my future development. By the way, I was wondering if I could ask you a favour. My friend, Wang Lei, is going to apply to your school this summer. Would you mind if he contacted you directly and consulted for more details about his application? I hope you can pay a visit to China and come to my home someday when it is convenient for
you. Best regards, Yours, Li Jin