第一师高级中学 2015-2016 学年第一学期 高一年级第一次月考英语试卷
温馨提示： 1、 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分， 满分 120 分， 考试时间 120 分钟(试卷总分要乘以 1.25) 2、本试卷命题范围：选修一 Unit1
第Ⅰ卷（选择题 共 70 分） 第 I 卷（两部分） 第一部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分
40 分） 4、正式开考前，请在规定位置填写姓名、班号，正式开考后才允许答题。 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A When you want to go shopping, decide how much money you can spend on new clothes. Think about the kind of clothes you really need. Then look for those clothes you really need. Then look for those clothes on sale. There are labels(标签) inside all new clothes. The labels tell you how to take care of your clothes. The label for a shirt may tell you to wash it in warm water. A sweater label may tell you to wash in cold water. The label on a coat may say “dry clean only”, for washing may ruin this coat. If you do as the directions on the label, you can keep your clothes looking their best for a long time. Many clothes today must be dry cleaned. Dry cleaning is expensive. When buying new clothes, check to see if they will need to be dry cleaned. You will save money if you buy clothes that can be washed. You can save money if you buy clothes that are well made. Well-made clothes last longer. They look good even after they have been washed many times. Clothes that cost more money are not necessarily better made. They do not always fit better. Sometimes less expensive clothes look and fit better than more expensive clothes. 21. If you want to save money, you had better buy clothes that ________. A. don’t fit you B. don’t last long C. need to be dry cleaned D. can be washed 22. The labels inside the clothes tell you________. A. how to keep them looking their best B. how to save money C. whether they fit you or not D. where to get them dry cleaned 23. We learn from the passage that cheaper clothes ________. A. are always worse made B. must be dry cleaned C. can not be washed D. can sometimes fit you better 24. The best title for the passage should be ________. A. Buy Less Expensive Clothe B. Taking Enough Money When Shopping C. Being a Clever Clothes Shopper D. Choosing the Labels inside New Clothes
B Can plants eat people? Probably not, but there are many plants that eat meat. Some of them are big. And they can eat small animals. One famous meat-eating plant is Venus Flytrap(捕蝇草). Venus Flytrap is a very strange plant. It grows in dry parts of the United States. Its leaves are like the pages of a book. They can open and close very quickly. Inside the leaves, there are three small hairs. If a fly(苍蝇) touches one of the hairs, the leaf closes quickly, so the fly cannot get out. In about half an hour, the leaf presses the fly until it is dead. Then, the plant covers the fly and slowly eats it. Why do plants do that? Most plants get what they need from the sun, the air, and the ground. In some places, the ground is very poor. It doesn't have all these important things, especially nitrogen (氮). Animal meat has a lot of nitrogen, so some plants eat meat to get what they need. Let's hope that bigger plants don't get the same idea! 25. Venus Flytrap is a kind of______. A. plant B. animal C. food D. meat 26. From the passage, we learn that______. A. all plants can eat people B. all plants can eat animals C. some plants can eat people D. some plants can eat animals 27. The underlined word"presses"probably means______ in Chinese. A. 挤压 B. 关上 C. 打开 D. 松开 28. —Why do some plants eat animal meat? —Because______. A. plants are dangerous to animals B. animals are dangerous to plants C. plants want to get what they need from animal meat D. plants want to protect themselves against animals C Farah was sitting in the kitchen going over the party list with her mother.The exams were over and Farah wanted to invite her friends for a party. “Farah，aren’t you going to invite Hafsa？”her mother asked.Hafsa had been her best friend since childhood. “Mother，you know I am now a part of Purple Girls Club and we have some rules about people we can be friends with，”Farah answered. “Really？And what are the rules？”her mother asked. “Well，only very pretty girls can be part of our group.And Hafsa is so...you know...dark.” “I cannot believe it，”her mother said angrily. As Farah left the kitchen，her father called her from the living room. Farah went to her father and paled when she saw the exam report in his hands.“Farah， what has happened to your grades？You have failed in Mathematics，”her father said. Farah had no answer.The truth was that the activities of Purple Girls Club left her with very little time for studies. “Farah，it says that you can take part in supplementary exams(补考).If your grades don’t improve then，I’ll cancel(取消) your trip to Spain.”
Farah went to her room and called Gina，the leader of Purple Girls Club， “Gina，can you help me to complete my notes before the exams？” Gina laughed.“Exams？Who cares about exams？” One by one，she called her friends in the club but no one seemed to care or wanted to help. Farah knew Hafsa would help her.Farah also knew Hafsa had been hurt by her，but Hafsa said，“If you need any help，just let me know.We can study together till your exams.” Next Monday，as two friends entered the school together，Gina called out. “Farah，you know our rules.You cannot be friends with those who do not belong to our club.” “Gina，I have a new rule about friendship，”Farah replied. 29．After Farah became a member of Purple Girls Club，she chose a friend according to a person’s________. A．looks B．usual activities C．grades D．favorite colors 30．Farah became pale after going to her father because________. A．he didn’t allow her to go to Spain B．she didn’t do well in her exams C．she had to leave Purple Girls Club D．he asked her to improve her grades 31．Which word can best describe Hafsa? A．Silly. B．Beautiful. C．Rude. D．Kind. 32．What lesson can we learn from the passage? A．A friend in need is a friend indeed. B．A perfect friend will never be found. C．Be slow in choosing a friend. D．Friendship can be developed easily. D A friend is better than fortune. A friend is worse than poison in some cases. The two sentences above have opposite meanings and seem to be unreasonable， but they can be explained as follows：the first refers to all good friends who drive us towards good ways while the second refers to all bad ones who lead us into bad ways. My ideal friend is of course a good friend whose goodness is shown below：He has no bad habits，such as smoking and drinking.He lives in frugality(节俭).He studies hard so as not to waste his golden time.At home he honors his parents and loves his brothers；at school he respects his teachers and shares the feelings of his classmates.He treats those truly who are true to him.In a word， he has all the good characteristics that I don’t have.I can follow him as a model.With his help I can be free from all difficulties. Indeed， if I have such a person as my friend， I shall never fear difficulty and shall never know the existence of the word “failure”. 33．The article is written to explain________.
A．how to make friends with others B．what kind of person we should make friends with C．how to help friends D．what kind of person the writer’s friend is 34．From the passage we can learn that________. A．the writer has a lot to learn from his ideal friend B．the writer and his ideal friend have a lot to learn from each other C．the writer’s ideal friend has a lot to learn from him D．the writer has only a little to learn from his ideal friend 35．From this passage，we can infer that the writer is sure that________. A．nothing can be done without friends B．he who does not smoke or drink must be a good friend C．good friends mean a great deal to him D．good friends should always help each other 七选五，根据短文内容，从选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。有两个多余选 项。 （请将 36---40 题涂到答题卡 71---75 的位置） E The Internet has opened up a whole new online world for us to meet, chat and go where we've never been before． But just as in face-to-face communication, there are some rules of behavior that should be followed when online． the other person's shoes． For anything you're about to send, ask yourself,“Would I say this to the person's face?”If the answer is no, rewrite and reread． 37 ． 36 ．Imagine how you'd feel if you were in
If someone in the chat room is rude to you, your instinct(本能)is to fire back in the same manner． But try not to do so． 38 ． If it was caused by a disagreement with
another member, try to deal with the situation by politely discussing it．Remember to respect the beliefs and opinions of others in the chat room． 39 ．Offer advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure
what to do or how to communicate．When someone makes a mistake, whether it's a
stupid question or an unnecessarily long answer, be kind about it． If it's a small mistake, you may not need to say anything．Even if you feel strongly about it, think twice before saying anything． 40 ．At the same time, if you find you are wrong, be sure to
correct yourself and apologize to those that you have offended． A．Everyone was new to the network once． B．If you do decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out politely． C．It's natural that some people speak rudely or make mistakes in life． D．The basic rule is to treat others in the same way you would want to be treated． E．You should either ignore the person, or use your chat software to block their messages． F．When you send short messages to a person online, you must say something beautiful to hear． G．Repeat the process till you feel sure that you'd feel comfortable saying the words to the person's face．
第二部分： 完形填空 （20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 When his daughter was born, she was very sick. The doctor told the girl’s father that the 41 was that she couldn’t run over 400 meters a time, 42 she would fall down to the ground. The father was 43 . He asked the doctor if there were some 44 to save his daughter. The doctor said: “For this 45 , it can hardly change. Actually, there has never been any 46 example before. ” The father felt very 47 , but he never lost his 48 . He began to 49 any news about the girl’s health. One day, a piece of news from newspaper 50 the father’s eyes, 51 said that if you keep saying the same words to a person every night when he or she is 52, it will have magical power. From that day on, every night, 53 the girl fell asleep, the father would sit and say to her, “You will be very beautiful and healthy in the future. No matter what you will be, your father will 54 love you.” The father kept on doing the same thing every night over 16 years. Year
after year, magic 55 . As the girl grew up, she become more and more 56 . Later she even took part in a 3,000 meter cross-country race, and won a prize. In the year of 2006, the parents took the girl to the hospital to take a (an) 57 , and the doctor said that their daughter’s condition had become as 58 as others. Both the father and the mother felt quite 59 and they couldn’t help crying. Later, the girl said, “Whenever I thought of what my father had done, I was deeply 60 . I’ll spend all the rest of my life to give my father a happy life. My dear father, I’ll love you forever.” 41. A. best B. worst C. least D. latest 42. A. when B. therefore C. but D. or 43. A. shocked B. puzzled C. comforted D. dissatisfied 44. A. plans B. treat C. methods D. goals 45. A. example B. case C. situation D. result 46. A. successful B. failed C. painful D. careful 47. A. disappointed B. bored C. angry D. nervous 48. A. doubt B .heart C. wish D. hope 49. A. hear of B. take in C. pay attention to D. look back 50. A. hurt B. brighten C. opened D. attracted 51. A. what B. that C. which D. it 52. A. sleeping B. sleepy C. resting D. silent 53. A. through B. unless C. when D. since 54. A. usually B. never C. sometimes D. always 55. A. come B worked C. ended D. performs 56. A. moved B. friendly C. discourage D. healthy 57. A. test B. operation C. examination D. competition 58. A. normal B. ordinary C. usual D. common 59. A. sorry B. happy C. lucky D. curious 60. A. sad B. frightened C. puzzled D. moved 第 II 卷（共三部分，共 50 分） 第一部分：语法填空（每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）阅读下面材料，在空白处填入 适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 This is a true story. It happened in Amsterdam, Netherlands 1. ________ the early 1940s after the German Nazis had 2. ________(occupy) most of Europe. The Nazi Party ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945. One of their key 3. ________(policy) was 4. ________(kill) all the Jews in Europe. If any persons 5. ________(know) to be Jewish were found, they would be sent to concentration camp farther east, mostly in Poland. Families were 6. ________(separate) and transported in trains. For many days, they went 7. ________ food, water, sanitation or fresh air. 8. ________(avoid) this terrible fate, some Jewish families went into hiding, often with the help of non-Jewish friends. This diary was written during the time 9. ________ Anne and her family moved to escape from 10. ________(kill) by Nazis. 第二部分：短文改错（每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
此题要求改正所给短文中的 10 处错误。要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某 个单词。 请按下列情况改正： 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在该词下写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用（∕）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处, 多改不计分。 注意：请在答案卷上作答。 Dear Bob, Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang. I’d like to your penfriend, and get to know more about your country. First, let me tell you something more about myself. My name is Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. I go to Hongqi Middle School. We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese, English or physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football.Do you play any ball games? What your favorite sport? I look forward to hear from you soon. Yours, Li Hua 第三部分 ：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华，每当听到“常回家看看”这首歌时，你都非常感动。向父母表达 爱的方式有很多种，请你根据以下要点，写一篇演讲稿号召同学们都要尊敬父母。 提示：1.经常帮助父母做一些力所能及的家务活； 2．经常关心父母的生活和身体健康状况； 3．在父母生日时表达祝愿，让他们知道我们的爱。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当发挥以使行文连贯； 3．开头和结尾部分已写好，不计入总词数。 My dear fellows， Today I'd like to talk about love to our parents. Many people are moved by the song Going Home Often when they hear it, including me. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ Thank you!
第一部分：语法填空（每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
1.__________ 6.__________ 2.__________ 7.__________ 3.__________ 4.__________ 8.__________ 9.__________ 5.__________ 10.__________
题 答 止
第二部分：短文改错（每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
Dear Bob, Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang. I’d like to your penfriend, and get to know more about your country. First, let me tell you something more about myself. My name is
Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. I go to Hongqi Middle School. We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese,
English or physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football.Do you play any ball games? What your favorite sport? I look forward to hear from you soon.
Yours, Li Hua
第三部分 ：书面表达（满分 25 分）
My dear fellows， Today I'd like to talk about love to our parents. Many people are moved by the song Going Home Often when they hear it, including me.
______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________
_____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________ Thank you!
阅读（每题 2 分） A.21-24 DADC C.29-32 ABDA E.36-40 DGEAB 完形（每题 1.5 分）41---45. BDACB 51---55. CACDB B.25-28 ADAC D. 33-35 BAC 46---50. AADCD 56---60. DCABD
语法填空（每题 1.5 分）1.in 2. occupied 3. policies 4. to kill 5. known 6. separated 7. without 8. To avoid 9. when 10. being killed 改错（每题 1 分） 1. learn 改为 learnt 或 learned。 2. to 后加 be 或 become。 3. 删去 more。 第一次告诉 Bob 关于自己的一些事情， 此处用 more 不 合逻辑。 4. where 改为 which。在此非限定性定语从句中， 关系词在从句中作主 语， 故用 which。 5. subject 改为 subjects。 quits a few 意为“相当多”， 修饰可数名词复数。 6. or---and 7. use 改为 used。据下文 but now 可知， 此处应用 used to do 表示“过 去常常 做某事”。 8. interesting 改为 interested。be interested in…为固定短语， “对……感 兴趣”。 9. What 后加 is。此句无谓语。 10. hear 改为 hearing。look forward to doing sth.为固定短语。 写作（25 分） My_dear_fellows， Today_I'd_like_to_talk_about_love_to_our_parents. Many_people_are_moved_by_the_song_Going_home_often_when_they_hear_it,_i ncluding_me. As a middle school student, I think we should respect our parents. As far as I am concerned, there are many different ways to express love to our parents. First , we should often help our parents to do as much housework as we can. Second, we have the duty to care for the condition of their life and health. Besides, it is important to remember their birthdays, and expressing our wishes to them is a good way to show our deep love. No matter what we do, remember showing respect to our parents is one of the Chinese traditional moral values. Thank_you!