新课标 2016 年高二英语寒假作业 4 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A You’ve probably heard of the expression “A leopard can’t cha
nge its spots.” This, of course, is true of leopards. But isn’t it true of people? Can people change themselves? Are we humans just creatures of habits? Do we not have any control over our actions and habits? One guy said, “Bad habits are like a comfortable bed. They’re easy to get into, but hard to get out of.” Someone else said, “The chains of habits are too small to feel until they’re too strong to break.” So breaking the mould of our bad habits takes effort. Habits are like the roads we take through our life every day. The problem is that not every road takes us where we need to go. Actually, our routes through life often become our ruts (惯例) in life. We end up stuck in them and find it hard to dig ourselves out. That’s why we must change our bad habits as soon as possible before they become our second nature. You see, our habits become our character and our character becomes our life. As one wise person said, “First we make our habits, and then our habits make us.” But we humans don’t like to change. So we come up with excuses, like “I can’t be different; that’s just the way I am.” And the good excuse is “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.” But that’s just it: we’re not dogs or animals. In fact, we’re the only creatures who have the freedom and power to change and choose the kind of person we want to become. 29. We can learn from Paragraph 2 that A. getting rid of bad habits is very hard C. entering bad habits is hard . B. people can’t find their bad habits themselves
D. people don’t have the courage to change their bad habits
30. What’s mainly talked about in Paragraph 3? A. What bad habits are. C. How to change our bad habits. B. How bad habits are formed. D. Why we should change our bad habits. .
31. The author’s attitude towards changing one’s bad habits is
C. negative B
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C. enrich students knowledge about nature D. sell the four books to readers C These days, it seems that almost all of us are too serious．My older daughter often says to me, “Daddy, you’ve got that serious look again．” Even those of us who are committed to（致力 于） non-seriousness are probably too serious．People are frustrated and anxious about almost everything -- being five minutes late, witnessing someone look at us wrong or say the wrong thing, paying bills, waiting in line, overcooking a meal, making an honest mistake -- you name it, and we all lose perspective（理性判断） over it． The root of being anxious is our unwillingness to accept life as being different, in any way, from our expectation．Very simply, we want things to be a certain way but they’re not a certain way．Life is simply as it is．Perhaps Benjamin Franklin said it best: “Our limited perspective, our hopes and fears become our measure of life, and when circumstances（环境）don’t fit our ideas, they become our difficulties．” We spend our lives wanting things, people, and events to be just as we want them to be -- and when they’re not, we fight and we suffer． The first step in recovering from over-seriousness is to admit that you have a problem．You have to want to change, to become more easygoing．You have to see that your own anxiety is largely of your own creation -- it’s made up of the way you have set up your life and the way you
react to it． The next step is to understand the link between your expectations and your frustration level．Whenever you expect something to be a certain way and it isn’t, you’re upset and you suffer．On the other hand, when you let go of your expectations, when you accept life as it is, you’re free． A good exercise is to try to approach a single day without expectation． Don’t expect people to be friendly． When they’re not, you won’t be surprised or bothered; if they are, you’ll be delighted．Don’t expect your day to be problem-free．Instead, as problems come up, say to yourself, “Ah, another barrier to overcome．” As you approach your day in this manner you’ll notice how elegant life can be．Rather than fighting against life, you’ll be dancing with it．Pretty soon, with practice, you’ll lighten up your entire life．And when you lighten up, life is a lot more fun． 32．Why are people easily frustrated and anxious these days? A．Because their children are disappointing． B．Because they have to look serious in public． C．Because life is becoming a greater burden． D．Because people have lost sensible judgment． 33．According to Benjamin Franklin, what was the cause of over-seriousness? A．The fact that people’s perspective, hopes and fears are limited． B．The fact that people can’t change life itself． C．The fact that things fail to meet people’s expectations． D．The fact that circumstances turn out to be difficult． 34．In what pattern is this article developed? A．Phenomenon（现象）, causes and solutions． B．Problems, explanation and conclusion． C．Examples, causes and arguments． D．Phenomenon, analysis and conclusion． 35．What might be the best title for the passage? A．People seem to be too serious B．Life is simply as it is
C．Hopes can turn into difficulties D．A good exercise removes over-seriousness
D When was the last time someone did something unexpectedly nice for you? Not someone you knew, but a total stranger? It’s happened to me a few times, but two instances really stand out. A few years ago, I was dining out with a person who kept going on and on about himself, completely unaware of the fact that I was sitting there in misery（痛苦）. It wasn’t his company that disappointed me. I was recovering from a bad grade in my study. I could have collapsed（崩 溃）in tears right there at the table. When we picked up the check, the waitress said, “Your meal was already paid for.” My friend and I didn’t have a clue how it happened. Then I remembered a man coming in out of the corner of my eye. He was dressed in mostly white, sat down at the bar, had a glass of wine, stayed for maybe ten minutes and then left. The waitress said, “Yes, the gentleman who was in here a while ago paid for you.” Just last year, I was running a half-marathon. With just 0.1 miles to go, I was out of gas. Runners call it “hitting the wall”; I thought I couldn’t move another muscle. Out of nowhere, a teenager jogged up next to me and said, “What’s your name sweetie? Jennifer? Okay, Jennifer, let’s go! Come on! It’s just around the corner! You can do it!”. And he ran with me until I picked up my pace. I found him at the finish line to thank him for the encouragement only to learn he wasn’t even supposed to be in the race that day. He was running in place of someone else. I still shake my head when I think of these momentary angels that came to me at my point of need. Do you have any experiences like this? 21. Why did the author say she was in misery? A. Because she got into trouble with her friend. B. Because she couldn’t enjoy her meal quietly. C. Because her friend complained so much. D. Because she was doing poorly in her study. 22. What do you think of the man who paid for the meal?
A. He was generous and warm-hearted. B. He knew the author well and always helped her. C. He showed his kindness to his girlfriend. D. He liked making fun of others. 23. We can infer from the last paragraph that_________. A. the author still can’t believe her experiences today B. the author feels grateful for the help she received C. the author thinks everyone is an angel D. the author often helps those in need 24. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. The Kindness of Strangers B. An Unpleasant Friend C. Two Unbelievable Experiences D. Hitting the Wall
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 If you're looking for a challenging situation to practice your English, pick up the phone. Not being able to see the other person and the body language can make the chatting difficult. Here are some tips to guide you through an average phone conversation in English. 1．Greetings Every phone call should begin with a polite greeting such as “Hi, how've you been？” or “Nice to hear from you”. Even if you're calling a business contact for a specific purpose, it'd be rude to jump right into business. 12 2．Getting to the point There always comes the point where you want to move on from friendly chatting and get down to business. What should you do in this situation? 13 However, if you are waiting to 11
find out why someone called you, you can guide the conversation by saying “So what can I do for you？” 3．Interrupting without offence
Sometimes you may happen to be speaking with a very talkative person.
mind when you'd like to interrupt, and be sure to do it politely. For example, begin with “I'd like to say something here”． 4．Closing the call This can be the trickiest part of the conversation! It may be the time to offer good wishes if it's appropriate. 15 Sometimes it's easiest to just say you enjoyed speaking to the other person.
Also remember cleverly saying the word well at the beginning of a sentence can indicate you're ready to end the conversation. A．Use the phrase “I'm just calling to...” to change to the topic at hand. B．Additionally, you may want to confirm any plans you've made. C．You should make a little small talk at the beginning. D．You'd better greet him or her in a friendly way. E．So it may be difficult to get a word in. F．Practice English through phone calls. G．Never fear, though! 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many years ago my dad was diagnosed (诊断) with a terminal illness . He was unable to work at 41 job . He would be fine for quite a while , but would then fall suddenly 42 and
have to be admitted to the hospital . He wanted to do something to keep himself 43 , so he decided to volunteer at the local
children 44 . My dad loved kids . He would talk to them and play with them .Sometimes , he would 45 one of his kids . In certain instances , he would give 46 these children . One of his kids was a girl who had been admitted with a 瘫痪) her from the neck down . I don’t know the 48 47 disease that paralyzed (使… to the sad parents of
of the disease , but I do know that it was
very sad for a little girl . My dad decided to try to help her . He started 49 her in her room , bringing paints , brushes and paper . He stood the paper up 50 a backing , put the paintbrush
in his mouth and began to paint . He didn’t use his hands at all . Only his would visit her 52
would move . He
he could and paint for her . All the while he would tell her , “see , you can
do 53 you set your mind to .” 54 , she began to paint using her mouth , and she and my dad became friends . Soon after , the
little girl was discharged (允许出院). My dad also 55 the children hospital for a little while because he became ill. Sometime later after my dad had recovered and 56 to work , he was at
the volunteer counter one day and 57 the front door open . In came the little girl who had been paralyzed , but this time she was 58 . She ran straight to my dad and hugged him really tight . . At the bottom it read, “thank you for
She gave my dad a picture she had done using her 59 helping me walk .” Sometimes love is more
60 than doctors , and my dad-who died
just a few months after the little girl gave him the picture-loved every single child in that hospital . 41. A．an important 42. A．ill 43. A．well 44. A．palace 45. A．teach 46. A．speech 47. A．special 48. A．result 49. A．observing 50.A．with 51.A．head 52.A．with whoever 53.A．everything 54.A．Basically 55.A．left 56.A．stopped 57.A．pushed 58.A．shouting 59.A．hands B．a steady B．behind B．wealthy B．hospital B．miss B．comfort B．curious B．reason B．drawing B．across B．neck B．whenever B．something B．Naturally B．entered B．returned B．noticed B．lying B．pens C．an easy C．asleep C．busy C．center C．lose C．praise C．strange C．name C．painting C．against C．fingers C．as if C．anything C．Eventually C．rushed to C．hesitated C．observed C．walking C．paper D．a good D．down D．healthy D．park D．treat D．help D．rare D．course D．visiting D．over D．eyes D．as soon as D．nothing D．Suddenly D．stayed at D．refused D．kicked D．jumping D．mind
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) With the development of science and technology, our life has been changing a lot. In the meanwhile, our modern life is changing our eating habits. We 41 (spend) too much time in
front of TV or computers and becoming “couch potatoes” or “mouse potatoes.” We also eat too much junk food and we don’t get enough exercise. The foods we find in the supermarket are sometimes not 42 (benefit) to us, and it is difficult to know exactly 44 43 we are eating
when we buy ready-made or pre-prepared dishes. becoming 45
(consider) this situation, it is
(much) important than ever to make sure that we keep a healthy diet.
A healthy diet gives us the calories we need and don’t contain too much fat. The number of calories we need heavy etc. ) and 46 47 48 (vary) depending on what kind of body we have (are we short, tall, active we are. Quality food, or healthy food, gives us calories in the the other hand, gives us few calories and lots of fat and sugar. If we 49 (weigh) easily. In order to live a happy and
best way. Junk food,
eat too much fat and sugar, we will put on long life, we should keep a 50
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） This morning I got up early and went to school as usual, only find there were nobody in the classroom because it is Sunday. “What a badly memory I have!” I couldn’t help laughing. Standing in front of the school gate, I began to wonder how to do next. Suddenly a good idea occurs to me. “Why not get together with some good friends for a picnic in so fine weather?” I immediately telephoned to some of my best friends, but they all agreed to join me. About two hours latter, we finally arrived at a pleasant park with trees and flowers here and there. We really enjoyed us greatly. 第二节 书面表达
目前，许多中学生养成了浪费的坏习惯。其实，勤俭节约是中华民族的传统美德。请你 就此话题写一篇文章，内容包括： 1.简要描述此现象和你对此话题的理解。 2.举一个你尊敬的人勤俭节约的例子. 3.列举你生活中浪费的坏习惯并说说你勤俭节约的决心。 参考词汇：勤俭节约 thrifty (adj.) 美德 virtue
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: B 篇: C 篇: D 篇: 答案及解析：ADB 答案及解析：CABD 答案及解析：DCAA 答案及解析：DABA
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 答案及解析：GCAEB
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 答案及解析：41-45 BACBC 46-50 BDCDC 51-55 ABCCA 56-60 BBCAD
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空)
答案及解析：41. are spending varies 47. how 48. on
42. beneficial 43. what 49. weight 50. balanced
44. Considering 45. more 46.
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第二节 短文改错（10 分） 答案及解析： 1.only 后加 to 7.telep 2. were-was 3. badly- bad 4. how-what 5. occurs-occurred 6.so-such
Nowadays, many students have developed the habit of wasting. They throw away things which are still quite new for the only reason that they are out of fashion. This is wrong. Take Chairman Mao as an example. He led a very thrifty life. He used to wear old clothes at home. When his clothes were worn out, he would have them repaired and continued to wear them. He always told others that saving was a good virtue of Chinese people. Thinking about him, I feel deeply ashamed As a young student who still has to depend on my parents, I have been leading too comfortable a life. I buy whatever I like though I don't really need them. Besides, I like new things, when things get “old", I tend to begin to dislike them and stop using them. Now that I realize that is wrong, I’m determined that I shall follow the example of Chairman Mao and start to get rid of the bad habits.