新课标 2016 年高一英语寒假作业 1 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A To us it seems so natural to put up an umbrella（雨伞） to keep
the water off when it rains, but actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against the rain. Its first use was as a shade against the sun! Nobody knows who first invented it, but the umbrella was used in very ancient times. Probably the first to use it were the Chinese in the 11th century BC. We know that the umbrella was used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade. And there was a strange thing connected with its use: it became a symbol of honor. In the Far East in ancient times, the umbrella was allowed to be used only by those in high office. In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. And the umbrella was commonly used in ancient Greece. But it is believed that the first persons in Europe to use the umbrella as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans. During the Middle Ages, the use of umbrella practically disappeared. Then it appeared again in Italy in the late 16th century. And again it was considered as a symbol of power. By 1680, the umbrella appeared in France and later in England. By the 18th century, the umbrella was used against rain throughout most of Europe. Umbrellas have not changed much in style during all this time, though they have become much lighter in weight. It wasn't until the twentieth century that women's umbrellas began to be made, in a whole variety of colors. 8．According to this passage, the umbrella was probably first invented in ancient ________. A. China C. Greece B. Egypt D. Rome
9．Which of the following statements is NOT true about the umbrella? A. No one exactly knows who the inventor of the umbrella was. B. The umbrella was first invented to be used as protection against the sun. C. The umbrella changed much in style in the 18th century. D. In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. 10．A strange feature of the umbrellA s use is that it was used as ________. A. protection against rain B. a shade against the sun
C. a symbol of honor and power D. women's decoration (装饰)
B As we all know, it was Thomas Jefferson who wrote the Declaration of Independence (《独 立宣言》). He wrote it in two weeks, and after a few changes, it was accepted by the Congress (国 会). As a result, he became famous. Born in 1743 in Virginia, Thomas Jefferson, a wonderful student at school and almost talented(天才的 ) lawyer later, was much interested in politics. Jefferson was elected the Governor of Virginia in 1779, and he was sent to France as the representative of the American government in 1784. Sixteen years later, at the age of 57, he was elected president after Washington and Adams. Far from a handsome man, he was tall with long arms and big hands. Jefferson, who was an amusing(令人愉快的) talker in conversation but a poor speaker, was generally good-natured. Jefferson was regarded as a defender of freedom in America. As a president, he protected the right of free speech. Interestingly enough, in his eight years as president, Jefferson never vetoed (否决) a bill which the Congress had passed. He did a lot in organizing the new University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson died on July the fourth, 1826, the fiftieth anniversary of American Independence. 25. From the passage we can infer that America won its independence in _______. A. 1786 B. 1800 C. 1842 D. 1776
26. How old was Thomas Jefferson when he was elected President of the U.S.A.? A. He was 47. B. He was in his forties. C. He was 57. D. We don?t know.
27. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Jefferson was an amusing talker, but not good at speaking in public. B. Jefferson was not an easy person to get along with. C. Jefferson was not only very talented but also very handsome. D. Not being politically minded, Jefferson never vetoed a bill passed by the Congress. 28. Jefferson died when he was ________.
C Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in Tucson, Arizona. He moved there a few years ago, and I was eager to see his new place and meet his friends. My earliest memories of my father are of a tall，handsome，successful man loving his work and family， but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him； as a school girl and young adult (成年人) I feared him and felt bad about him. He seemed unhappy with me unless I got straight A?s and unhappy with my boyfriends if their fathers w ere not as “successful” as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to try to think up things to say, feeling on guard. On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father?s friends for lunch at an outdoor cafe. We walked along that afternoon，did some shopping, ate on the street table, and laughed over my son?s funny facial expressions. Gone was my father?s critical (挑剔的) air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father，who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before? The next day my dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood. Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closer to him at that moment. After so many years, I?m at last seeing another side of my father. And in so doing, I?m delighted with my new friend. My dad, in his new home in Arizona, is back to me from where he was. 21. Why didn?t the writer feel good about her father as a young adult? A. He was silent most of the time. B. He was too proud of himself. C. He did not love his children. D. He expected too much of her. 22. When the writer went out with her father on weekends, she would feel________. A. nervous C. tired B. sorry D. safe
23. What does the writer think of her father after her visit to Tucson?
A. More critical. B. More talkative. C. Gentle and friendly. D. Strict and hard-working. 24. The underlined words “my new friend” in the last paragraph refer to________. A. the author?s son B. the author?s father C. the friend of the author?s father D. the caféowner
D Hellen Keller lived in the USA. She was a great woman .When Hellen was a baby, she got very sick. Several weeks later, the doctor said: “She is better, but now she can?t see and hear.” Her mother and father were very sad. After a few years, things got worse; there was no way for Hellen to speak to other people. She heard nothing. She didn?t understand anything. Then one day a teacher came to live with Hellen and her family. The teacher helped Hellen learn about words. Hellen was a very bright child and soon she learned to spell her first word. When she was old enough, she went to college. Hellen was very famous. She helped many blind and deaf people. She traveled around the world and helped many people. The world remembers her today as a brave and wonderful woman. She was blind and deaf, but she found a way to see and hear. 1. Hellen got very sick and become blind and deaf when she was a ____. A. student B. baby C. nurse D. doctor
2. After a few weeks, Hellen ______. A. couldn?t hear but see everything C. could neither hear nor see 3. _____ taught Hellen the first word. A. Her mother B. Her father C. Her teacher D. Her friend B. could hear but see nothing D. Could hear and see
4. Hellen Keller was famous because ______. A. She was an American. B. She traveled around the world. C. She went to college. D. She was blind and deaf, but she helped many people in the world.
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 __11__ If you use it often and in the right ways, you will become a more skilled thinker and your ability to focus will increase. But if you never use your brain, or abuse it with harmful chemicals, your ability to think and learn will decrease. Here are some simple ways that may help you. __12__ Don't you feel drained (劳累) after a couple of hours of watching TV? Your eyes are sore and tired of being focused on the light box for so long. When you feel like relaxing, try reading a book instead. If you're too tired, listen to some music. When you're with your friends or family, leave the tube off and have a conversation. All of these things use your mind more than television and allow you to relax. Exercise. I used to think that I'd learn more by not exercising and using the time to read a book instead. __13__ It improves productivity (生产力) during the time afterwards. Using your body
clears your head and creates a wave of energy. Afterwards, you can concentrate (专注) more easily. Read challenging books. If you want to improve your thinking and writing ability, you should read books that make you focus. Reading a classic novel can change your view of the world and will make you think in more elegant English. __14__ Reread it when necessary, and you'll soon grow accustomed (习惯) to the author's style. Early to bed, early to rise. __15__ You'll be the most energetic if you go to bed early and don't sleep for more than 8 hours. In my experience the early morning hours are the most productive. If you have the opportunity, take a 1020 minute nap (小憩) when you are hit with a wave of drowsiness (睡意)． A. Take a time to reflect. B. Reduce television watching. C. Spending some time alone will be helpful.
D. Your brain needs exercise just like a muscle (肌肉)． E. Don't be afraid to look up a word if you don't know it. F. Nothing makes it harder to concentrate than sleep loss. G. But I realized that time spent exercising always leads to greater learning.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel?s books in college and had a great liking for his positivity from that moment on. The stories of his untraditional he wrote about were so 32 31 and the exceptional patients
to me and had such a big 33 on how I saw life from then on. Who 34 my own
knew that so many years later I would depend on Dr. Bernie and his CDs again to cancer experience? I?m an ambitious very36 35
, and when I started going through chemo(化疗), even though I?m a 37 . One day,
person, I lost my drive to write. I was just too tired and not in the
while waiting to go in for 38, I had one of Dr. Bernie?s books in my hand. Another patient 39 what I was reading and started a conversation with me 40 he had one of his books with him as well. It 41 that among other things, he was an eighty-year-old writer. He was author, and he was currently43on a new book. We would see each other at various times and 44 friends. Sometimes he wore a duck hat, and 42 a published
I would tell myself, he was definitely a(n) 45 of Dr. Bernie. He really put a 46 on my face. He unfortunately 47 gave me the 49 31. A. tastes last year due to his cancer, 48 to pick up my pen again. I he left a deep impression on me and
50 to myself, "If he can do it, then so can I.”
B. ideas C. notes D. memories B. shocking C. amusing D. strange
32. A. amazing 33. A. strike
B. push C. challenge D. effect B. go over C. get through D. refer to
34. A. learn from
35. A. reader B. writer C. editor D. doctor 36. A. positive B. agreeable C. humorous D. honest
37. A. mood
C. state D. way C. protection D. treatment D. wondered D. providing
38. A. advice B. reference
39. A. viewed B. knew C. noticed 40. A. while B. because
41. A. came out 42. A. naturally 43. A. deciding
B. worked out C. proved out D. turned out B. only C. hopefully D. actually C. working D. relying
44. A. became B. helped C. missed D. visited 45. A. patient B. operator 46. A. sign C. fan D. publisher
B. smile C. mark D. mask B. set off C. fell down C. so D. for D. passed away
47. A. showed up 48. A. since
49. A. guidance 50. A. promised
C. opportunity D. inspiration C. thought D. replied
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空 Last year, I was driving home one night, just around the holidays. I was about to turn onto the highway when I noticed 21 rather sad looking man, 22 was holding a sign. I honestly was getting very cold outside. This
couldn?t recall what the sign read, but I did know that 23 man was
24 (obvious) homeless, and was completely exposed to the elements. 25 (pack) in plastic from
I happened to have bought a new blanket. It was in my car, still the store. I 26
(think) for a moment, rolled down the window, and gestured to the man. He
ran over and I told him that he looked cold, and he laughed. I explained that while I didn?t carry any cash, I did have a new blanket, and asked him 27 he could accept it as a gift. He nodded and was moved. I told him that the blanket was 28 for someone else 29 return. I am pretty sure that it made his day, and kept him warm through the evening. I know I felt , as long as he agreed to do something kind
the 30 (warm).
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） My uncle drove his car meet his friends. When he found there was still some time leaving before the train had arrived, he wanted to take a short sleep. He was falling sleep when a woman came and asked him the time. He opened his eye and answered, “Half past eight.” With a “Thank you!” a woman left. On a short while this happened again. So my uncle wrote “I don?t know the time” on a piece of paper and put them on the window of the car. A few minutes late, an old man came and woke him up, “Hi, young man. I can tell you that time it is. It?s nine o?clock now.”
第二节 书面表达 春天是旅游的好季节， 某外国语学校校长要求各班同学就春游一事展开讨论。 讨论的主题是： 学校要不要组织学生春游。校长还要求班长就讨论的情况用英语写一封信给他。 假定你是某班班长李华，请你根据下列表格中的信息客观地介绍讨论情况。 注意：1、信的格式已为你写好； 3、生词：拓宽 broaden 1、可以领略大自然的优美风景； 70％的学生赞成春游 2、拓宽视野，增长知识； 3、呼吸新鲜空气,有益于身体健康。 1、时间紧，耽误学习； 30％的学生反对春游 2、增加父母经济负担； 3、担心安全。 Dear Headmaster, I?m writing to tell you the discussion we?ve had on whether the school should organize a spring outing for the students. Yours truly. Li Hua 2、词数：150 字左右；
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: ACC B 篇:DCAB C 篇:DACC D 篇:BCCD
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 DBGEF 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
31-35B A D C B 36-40 A A D C B 41-45D D C A C
46-50 B D B D C
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空 21. a 26. thought 22. who 27. if/whether 23. it 28. his 24. obviously 29. in 25. packed 30. warmth
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第二节 短文改错（10 分） 71. ... his car meet . 72. ... some time leaving ... 73. ... train had arrived ... 74. ... was falling sleep ... 75. ... opened his eye . 76. ... a woman left. 77. On a short while ... 78. ... put them on .. 79. A few minutes late . 80. ... that time it is. meet 前加 to leaving→left 去掉 had sleep→asleep eye→eyes a→the On→In / After them→it late→later that→what
第三节 书面表达 Dear Headmaster, I?m writing to tell you about the discussion we?ve had on whether the school should organize a spring outing for the students. Opinions on the question are divided as follows: 70％ of the students think that the school should organize the spring outing. They believe that the spring outing can make them enjoy the beautiful scenery of nature, which can broaden our vision and fill us with more knowledge. They also say that the air in the open fields is fresher. What?s more, fresh air does a lot of good to our health. On the other hand, the rest don?t like the idea of going out for a spring outing. In their opinion, time is very precious, so they have to grasp every minute to work hard at their lessons. Traveling costs much money. In that case, it will add to their families? burden. Above all, no one can be sure of the safety of every student. I?m looking forward to your reply. Yours truly Li Hua