新课标 2016 年高一英语寒假作业 3 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Basic Photography This is an eight-hour course for beginners
who want to learn how to use a 35mm camera. The teacher will cover such areas as kinds of film, light, and lenses(镜头). Bring your own 35mm camera to the class. Course Charge: $150 Jan. 10, 12, 17, 19, Tues. & Thurs. 6-8p.m. Marianne Adams is a professional photographer whose photographs appear in many magazines. Understanding Computers This twelve-hour course is for people who don‘t know very much about computers, but who need to learn about them. You will learn what computers are, what they can and can‘t do, and how to use them. Course Charge: $75 Equipment Charge: $10 Jan. 7, 14, 21, 28, Sat. 9-12 a.m. Joseph Saimders is a professor of computer science at New Urban University. He has over twelve years of experience in the computer field. Stop Smoking Do you want to stop smoking? Have you already tried to stop and failed? Now it is the time to stop smoking using the latest methods. You can stop smoking, and this twelve-hour course will help you do it. Course Charge: $30 Jan. 4, 11, 18, 25 Mon. 4-7 p.m. Dr.John Goode is a practicing psychologist(心理学家)who has helped hundreds of people stop
smoking. Typing This course on weekdays is for those who want to type as well as those who want to improve their typing. You are tested in the first class and practice at one of eight different skill levels. This allows you to learn at your own speed. Each program lasts 20 hours. Bring your own paper. Course Charge: $125 Materials Charge: $25 Two hours each evening for two weeks. This course is taught by a number of business education teachers who have successfully taught typing courses before. 25. The word ―professional‖ in this advertisement most probably means ―_____‖ A. spiritual B. journalist C. experiencedD. professor
26. The shortest course is _____. A. Understanding Computers C. Stop Smoking B. Basic Photography D. Typing
27. A course which can do something good for your health will cost____. A. $30 B.$50 C.$10 D.$125
B Do you want to live a happier, less stressful (有压力的) life? Try laughing for no reason at all. That‘s how thousands of people start their day at Laughter Clubs around the world – and many doctors now think that having a good laugh might be one of the best ways to stay healthy. The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr Madan Kataria. ―Young children laugh about 300 times a day. Adults laugh between 7 and 15 times a day,‖ says Dr Kataria. ―Everyone‘s naturally good at laughing – it‘s the universal language. We want people to feel happy with their lives.‖ There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over 1,300 worldwide. Many doctors are also interested in the effects (效果) of laughter on our health. According to a 5 – year study in the body. Laughter improves our health against illness by about 40%.
So, what happens at a Laughter Club? I went along to my nearest club in South London to find out. I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class, to be honest – I wasn‘t interested in laughing with a group of strangers, and I was worried about looking stupid. Our laughter teacher told us to clap our hands and say ―ho ho ho, ha ha ha,‖ while looking at each other. However, our bodies can‘t tell the difference between fake laughter and real laughter, so they still produce the same healthy effects. Surprisingly, it works! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughing for real – and some people just couldn‘t stop! At the end of the class I was surprised by how relaxed and comfortable I felt. So if you‘re under stress, then start laughing. You might be very pleased with the results! 57．In which country was the first Laughter Club started? A．Britain. B．America. C．Australia. D．India.
58．How did the writer feel at the beginning of the class? A．Surprised. B．Pleased. C．Nervous. D．Stressful.
59．When did the people in the club begin to laugh for real? A．After a few minutes. C．After a few seconds. B．After a few hours. D．After a few days.
60．Which of the following is true according to the passage? A．Fake laughter and real laughter are both good for health. B．40% of the people in Laughter Clubs are good friends. C．Adults laugh more often than children in a day. D．Laughing is the best way to prevent illness.
The Key to Your Health A car needs gas to run and your body also needs food to work for you. Eating the right kind of food is very important. It can help your body grow strong to take care of what you eat. There are four main food groups altogether. The dairy group has food like milk, cheese and sour milk. The other three groups are the meat and fish group, the fruit and vegetable group, and the bread and rice group. Each meal should have at least one food from all four main groups. With
all these food together, you will be given enough energy during the day. It is easy to get into bad eatinghabits. You may eat your breakfast in a hurry to get to school on time. Or you may not have time for a good lunch. It may seem easy to. But you will find yourself tired in these days and you can not think quickly. Watching what you eat will help your body remain healthy and strong. It is also good to take some exercise. It will help you eat more if you take a walk or play games in the open air. Having a good eating habit with some exercise is the key to your health. 67．Which of the following diets do you think is the best one? A．Corn, fish，cream and pork. C．Milk, bread, cabbages and beef. B．Eggs, tomatoes and chicken. D．Rice, beancurd, apples, fish and chicken.
68．Which of the following is a good eating habit? A．Going to school without any breakfast. B．Finishing your lunch in a very short time. C．Eating fish and chips for supper all the time. D．Having at least one food from all four groups in each meal. 69．In this passage the writer mainly tells us that ________. A．the right kind of food with exercise will keep you healthy B．taking exercise can keep your body strong C．every person needs food to grow well D．enough energy helps people think more quickly 70．The underlined word ―dairy‖ in the second paragraph means ________. A．the shop that sells milk and butter B．the food made out of cows such as milk and butter C．a farm where cows are kept D．a place where milk products are made
D The term culture now is more used to describe everything from the fine arts to the outlook of a business group or a sports team. In its original sense, however, culture includes all identifying aspects of a racial group, nation, or empire: its physical environment, history, and traditions, its social rules and economic structure, and its religious beliefs and arts. The central beliefs and customs of a group are handed down from one generation to another. It is for this reason that most people regard culture as learned rather than innate. People acquire a
culture because they are not born with one. The process by which a person develops a taste for regional foods, accented speech, or an outlook on the world over time, therefore, is known as enculturation (文化适应). Cultures are often identified by their symbols — images that are familiar and coated with meaning. Totem poles (图腾柱) carved with animals and creative figures suggest aspects of the Native American peoples of the Pacific Northwest but more literally represent specific tribes (部 落). In Asia and India, the color of yellow is connected with temples while in ancient China it was a color only the emperor‘s family was allowed to wear. Thus, different cultures may respond to a symbol quite differently. For example, to some a flag may represent pride, historical accomplishments, or ideals; to others, however, it can mean danger or oppression. To individuals unfamiliar with cultures outside their own, the beliefs, behaviors, and artistic expression of other groups can seem strange and even threatening. A society that ranks all other cultures against its own standards is considered to be ethnocentric (from the Greek ethnos, meaning ―people,‖ and kentros, meaning ―center‖). A strongly ethnocentric society assumes also that what is different from its own culture is likely to be inferior and, possibly, wrong or evil. All people are ethnocentric to some degree, and some aspects of ethnocentrism, such as national pride, contribute to a well-functioning society. An appreciation for one‘s own culture, however, does not prevent acceptance and respect for another culture. History documents the long-term vigour and success of multicultural groups in which people from numerous and various cultural backgrounds live and work together. Extreme ethnocentrism, in contrast, can lead to racism — the belief that it is race and racial origin that account for variations in human character or ability and that one‘s own race is superior to all others. 87. What does the word ―innate‖ in Paragraph 2 most probably mean? A. Instinctive. B. Developed. C. Believable. D. Cultivated.
88. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Different interpretations of a symbol help to distinguish one culture from another. B. An ethnocentric country opens welcoming arms to cultures different from its own. C. Culture consists of some positive features of a racial group, nation or empire. D. People from various cultural backgrounds often reach an agreement on some image. 89. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. All aspects of ethnocentrism can produce negative effects on a society. B. Racism is unlikely to bring about serious conflicts among different cultures. C. Respect and acceptance of different cultures are a proper cultural attitude. D. Countries with a strong sense of national pride play a superior role in the world. 90. Which might be the best title of the passage? A. Culture, the origin of racial superiority C. Culture, the vigour of world development B. Culture, a faithful mirror of history D. Culture, a distinctive identity of a nation
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 If there is a building which symbolizes a country --- such as the Eiffel Tower for France and Sydney Opera House for Australia, then it has to be the Taj Mahal for India. __36__From the time they got married, they wouldn‘t be separated. She followed him to wars, advised him on affairs of state, and loved by his people for her good work. __37__The emperor was heartbroken and had the Taj Mahal built as a sign of his love. It took more than twenty years for the Taj to be built. Workers were brought in, not only from all over Indian, but from central Asia, too. __38__ In 1657, Shan Jahan fell ill and in 1658 his son, Aurangzeb, imprisoned his father and seized the power. Shah Jahan stayed in prison until his death in 1666. He was finally buried there with his wife he could never forget. __39__As it is built with white marble stones, its character changes in different lights. It looks more beautiful at sunrise and sunset. At sunset, for example, the color of the Taj changes from white to yellow, then to pink. __40__. To show respect to the Taj, tourists are asked to take off their shoes during their visit. A. The Taj Mahal is definitely worth more than a single visit. B. A total of 20,000 people worked on the building. C. The Taj Mahal is a symbol of India. D. But she died in 1631 during her childbirth. E. The Taj Mahal is beautifully decorated with jewels and gold.
F. As the moon rises, it turns a silvery white. G. It was set up by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1653 in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
My friend Monty Roberts told me a story about a young boy. One day at school, the boy was asked to write a paper 21 what he wanted to be and do when he grew up. 22 his dream of owning a farm. He put a great 24 . Two days later, 25 that read, ―See me did I receive an . Owning a farm
That night he wrote a seven-page paper deal of his heart into the 23
and the next day he handed it in to his
he received his paper back. On the front page was a large red F with a after class.‖ The boy went to see the teacher 26
class and asked, ― 27 28
F?‖ The teacher said, ―This is an unrealistic dream for a young boy like requires a lot of money. There‘s no added, ― 30 29
a young man could ever do it.‖ Then the teacher 31 .‖
you will rewrite this paper, I will reconsider your 32
The boy went home and 33
about it long and hard. Finally, after a week, he turned in the
paper, making no changes. Monty then said, ―I tell you this story because you are sitting in my farm. I 34 have that
school paper over fireplace.‖ He added, ―The the same schoolteacher 36
part of the story is that two summers ago
thirty kids to camp out on my farm. When the teacher was
37 , he said, ?Look, Monty, I can tell you this now. When I was your teacher, I was something of a dream not to 38 . During those years I stole a lot of kids‘ dreams. 40 yours.‖ 39 , you had enough courage
Don‘t let anyone steal your dreams. Follow your heart, no matter what… 21. A. in 22. A. describing 23. A. dream 24. A. classmate B. about B. taking B. farm B. writer C. for C. giving C. paper C. father D. at D. making D. school D. teacher
25. A. word 26. A. between 27. A. Why 28. A. me 29. A. need 30. A. If 31. A. grade 32. A. wrote 33. A. new 34. A. never 35. A. first 36. A. forced 37. A. arriving 38. A. maker 39. A. Fortunately 40. A. take up
B. note B. before B. Where B. you B. idea B. Although B. idea B. thought B. different B. again B. biggest B. helped B. moving B. stealer B. Generally B. make up
C. paper C. after C. What C. him C. choice C. Since C. work C. spoke C. same C. still C. most C. advised C. leaving C. lover C. Finally C. break up
D. letter D. during D. How D. them D. way D. Now D. advice D. read D. second D. even D. best D. brought D. reaching D. leader D. Sadly D. give up
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) There was once a young shepherd boy who tended his sheep at the foot of a mountain near a dark forest. It was lonely and No one was near valley below. One day the boy thought of a plan by fun. He ran down toward the valley The men ran to meet him, and 64 65 63 he could get a little company and have some 62 61 (bore) for him watching the sheep all day.
there farmers he could sometimes see working in the fields in the
(cry), ―Wolf! Wolf!‖ they found out there was no wolf at all, they
complained and returned to their work. However, the boy was very happy when he saw the men come running. The boy enjoyed the company so much that a few days later he tried 66 same trick
again, and again the men ran to help him. A few days later, a real wolf came from the forest and was heading The boy ran toward the valley, and more loudly has really appeared. ‖ But the men, who had been again. No one came with all his sheep. 70 69 (fool) twice before, thought that he was tricking them 68 67 the sheep.
ever he cried,―Wolf! Wolf! A wolf
(help) the boy. The lying shepherd boy was eaten up by the wolf
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） When I first learn to write in English, I ran into much difficulties. The main problem was that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate into my own language everything which I came across while I was reading. My teacher advised myself to keep a diary. I followed his advices and put down 100 words or so each day. Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself as I was learning to express myself with simple English. One day I wrote a story and showed to my teacher. He liked it very much that he read it to the class. All said that the story was a good one. Their words were an great encouragement to me.
假如你是李华， 你进入灵宝五高开始了新的高中生活。 请根据以下提示写一篇英语短文， 谈谈你如何迎接你的高中生活。内容要点应包括： 1.尽快适应高中生活，不要过于担心。. 2.处理好与同学的关系. 3.参加各种课外活动. 注意： （1）短文的内容要连贯、完整； （2）短文字数：100 左右。
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇:CBA. B 篇:DCAA C 篇:CDAB D 篇:AACD
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 GDBAF
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21-25 BACDB 26-30 CABDA 31-35 ABCCD 36-40 DCBAD
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 61, boring 62, except/but 63, which 66, the 67, for 68, than 64, crying 69, fooled 65,after 70,to help
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35）
第二节 短文改错（10 分） 第一句: learn 改为 learned much 改为 many 第二句: 去掉 which/改为 that 第三句: myself 改为 me 第四句: advices 改为 advice 第五句: talk 改为 talking with 改为 in 第六句: showed 后加 it 第七句: very 改为 so 第八句: an 改为 a
With time going on, the new high school life is coming near. After I enter high school , I should get used to the high school life here and should not concern too much about it. What‘s more, it is necessary for me to learn to live on my own, such as doing some homework and studying by myself. In my spare time, I will take part in different kinds of school activities to enlarge my knowledge. For example, I will often go to the English Corner to practice my spoken English. In addition, I need to get along well with my classmates and teaches at high school.