新课标 2016 年高三英语寒假作业 8 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A BEIJING — Rising smartphone star Xiaomi is moving upmarket a
nd taking aim at Apple's iPhone. The Chinese maker known for low-priced phones on Thursday unveiled (发布) a new model that Chairman Jun Lei said is comparable to Apple's iPhone 6 but thinner, lighter and much cheaper. The phone starts at 2, 299 yuan ($375), less than half the 5,288 yuan ($ 865) price of an iPhone 6 in China. Xiaomi, founded in 2010, passed South Korea's Samsung Electronics Co. in the second quarter of last year as the best-selling smartphone brand in China by number of phones sold. The company is expanding into India and other developing markets but has yet to announce plans to enter the United States or Europe. Xiaomi "is a respected brand that already has an Apple-like following" in China, said analyst Brian Blair, who tracks mobile device makers at Rosenblatt Securities. Apple is still a relatively small player in China, selling about 45 million iPhones there last year, Blair estimates, but will continue to grow. "Apple is very much a premium (高端的) brand," said Blair. "The company that's more at risk is Samsung, which has been losing share in that market." Privately held (私人控股的) Xiaomi said last year's sales tripled to 61. 1 million phones and revenue (收益) more than doubled to 74. 3 billion yuan ($12.2 billion). The company, based in Beijing, recently completed a round of fundraising from investors that it said valued Xiaomi at $ 45 billion, making it one of the world's most valuable technology brands. Xiaomi ran into legal trouble in India in December after a court blocked sales while it hears a complaint by Sweden's LM Ericcson that the Chinese company violated its patents. In a blog post earlier this month, Lei called the case a "rite of passage" (成年礼) for a young company.
72. Which of the following statements is true? A. Xiaomi sold more cellphones than Samsung in 2010 in China. B. Compared to Xiaomi, Apple's iPhone 6 is thinner and lighter. C. Low-price is Xiaomi's advantage over Apple's iPhones. D. The company is expanding into the United States or Europe. 73. What can be inferred from the passage according to Brian Blair? A. More than 45 million iPhones will be sold this year. B. Xiaomi can beat Apple in the market of China. C. He thinks Xiaomi is superior to Apple. D. Samsung will be closed for losing share in the market. 74. How is the 5th paragraph developed? A. By giving examples. C. By providing data. B. By analyzing cause and effect. D. By making comparisons.
75. What's the attitude of Jun Lei towards the case of Xiaomi in India? A. Negative. B. Satisfied. C. Positive. D. Doubtful.
B I have only once been in trouble with the law. The whole process of being arrested and taken to court was a rather unpleasant experience at the time, but it makes a good story now. What makes it rather disturbing was the arbitrary(任意的、武断的) circumstances both of my arrest and my subsequent fate in court. It happened in February about twelve years ago. I had left school a couple of months before that and was not due to go to university until the following October. I was still living at home at the time. One morning I was in Richmond, a suburb of London near where I lived. I was looking for a temporary job so that I could save up some money to go traveling. As it was a fine day and I was in no hurry, I was taking my time, looking in shop windows, strolling in the park, and sometimes just stopping and looking around me. It must have been this obvious aimlessness that led to my downfall. It was about half past eleven when it happened. I was just walking out of the local library,
having unsuccessfully sought employment there, when I saw a man walking across the road with the obvious intention of talking to me. I thought he was going to ask me the time. Instead, he said he was a police officer and he was arresting me. At first I thought it was some kind of joke. But then another policeman appeared, this time in uniform, and I was left in no doubt. “But what for?” I asked. “Wandering with intent to commit an arrestable offence.” he said. “What offence?” I asked. “Theft.” he said. “Theft of what?” I asked. “Milk bottles,” he said, and with a perfectly straight face too! “Oh,” I said. It turned out there had been a lot of petty（小规模的）thefts in the area, particularly that of stealing milk bottles from doorsteps. Then I made my big mistake. At the time I was nineteen, had long untidy hair, and regarded myself as part of the sixties’ “youth counterculture”. As a result, I wanted to appear cool and unconcerned with the incident, so I said, “How long have you been following me?” in the most casual and conversational tone I could manage. I thus appeared to them to be quite familiar with this sort of situation, and it confirmed them in their belief that I was a thoroughly disreputable（品 行不端的）character. A few minutes later a police car arrived. “Get in the back,” they said. “Put your hands on the back of the front seat and don’t move them.” They got in on either side of me. It wasn’t funny any more. At the police station they questioned me for several hours. I continued to try to look worldly and familiar with the situation. When they asked me what I had been doing, I told them I’d been looking for a job. “Aha,” I could see them thinking, “unemployed”. Eventually, I was officially charged and told to report to Richmond Magistrates’ Court the following Monday. Then they let me go. I wanted to conduct my own defense in court, but as soon as my father found out what had happened, he hired a very good lawyer. We went along that Monday armed with all kinds of
witnesses, including my English teacher from school as a character witness. But he was never called on to give evidence. My “trial” didn’t get that far. The magistrate （法官） dismissed the case after fifteen minutes. I was free. The poor police had never stood a chance. The lawyer even succeeded in getting costs awarded against the police. And so I do not have a criminal record. But what was most shocking at the time was the things my release from the charge so clearly depended on. I had the “right” accent, respectable middle-class parents in court, reliable witnesses, and I could obviously afford a very good lawyer. Given the obscure nature of the charge, I feel sure that if I had come from a different background, and had really been unemployed, there is every chance that I would have been found guilty. While asking for costs to be awarded, my lawyer’s case quite obviously revolved（回转）around the fact that I had a “brilliant academic record”. Meanwhile, just outside the courtroom, one of the policemen who had arrested me was gloomily complaining to my mother that another youngster had been turned against the police. “You could have been a bit more helpful when we arrested you,” he said to me reproachfully（责 备地）. What did he mean? Probably that I should have looked outraged and said something like, “Look here, do you know who you’re talking to? I am a highly successful student with a brilliant academic record. How dare you arrest me!” Then they, probably, would have apologized perhaps even taken off their caps, and let me on my way. 51. The first man who came up to him was ______. A. a uniformed policeman C. not a policeman B. a policeman in plainclothes D. a good joker
52. The court never asked the author’s English teacher to give evidence because _______. A. the time for the trial was limited to fifteen minutes only B. the author wanted to conduct his own defense in court C. the case was dismissed before the trial reached that stage D. he was found to be unqualified as a character witness 53. The author believes that he would most probably have been declared guilty if _______. A. the magistrate had been less gentle B. he had really been out of work
C. he had been born in a lower— class family D. both B and C 54. In the opinion of one of the policeman who had arrested the author, the whole thing might not have occurred if ______. A. he had protested strongly at the time B. he had begged to be allowed to go home C. he hadn’t wandered aimlessly D. he had tried to look cool 55. We can see from the passage that the author ______. A. has broken the law only once B. has never broken the law C. has broken the law on more than one occasion D. once broke the law without knowing it
Visitors worry that London is an expensive city but there really are so many free things to do here. The following ideas should get you started. All of London's major museums are free , but most offer some special exhibitions for a fee. My favorite is the Museum of London where you can learn the history of London from Roman times to today. And I love the Geffrye Museum which shows English domestic interiors and helps bring to life what it was really like to live in London. I regularly hear people tell me the Queen Mary's Rose Gardens in Regent's Park is their favorite spot in London, and who am I to argue? I would also recommend St. James's Park as it offers one of the best views of Buckingham Palace. Hyde Park is enormous and Kensington Gardens nearby includes the ever popular Diana Memorial Playground and the Peter Pan Statue. No visit to London is complete without seeing this military tradition. The Queen's Guard in London changes in the Forecourt inside the gates of Buckingham Palace at 11.30am every day in the summer and every other day in the winter. Get there early and view the spectacle from outside the front gates. Trafalgar Square is one of Britain's greatest visitor attractions and was designed by John Nash in the 1820s and constructed in the 1830s. This iconic square has many sights to see including Nelson's Column and the National Gallery. It is both a tourist attraction and the main focus for political demonstrations. Every December, Norway donates a marvelous Christmas tree, to thank
Britain for liberation from the Nazis. 21. Where can visitors find the Peter Pan Statue? A. in Regent's Park. C. in Hyde Park. B. in St. James 's Park. D. in Kensington Gardens.
22. Which of the following desrciptions is True ? A. In the Geffrye Museum visitors can learn the history of London from Roman times to today. B. The Queen Mary's Rose Gardens is in Buckingham Palace. C. There is the Queen's Guard change inside the gates of Buckingham Palace at 11.30 am every day all year around. D. Trafalgar Square is both a tourist attraction and a place for political demonstration s. 23. The writer wrote the pasage to ________. A .compare some free places in London. B . advertise some free places in London. C. recommend some free places in London. D. expose some free places in London.
Love to sink into your chairs and relax when you get to school? Then you will not be happy to hear that schools all over the world are seriously considering exchanging traditional desks for ones with no seats at all — Yes, that means you will be encouraged to stand through those already too long math and science lessons! Why would anyone even think of putting kids to such cruelty? Experts say it improves their health and helps fight obesity. While that may seem a little far-fetched (牵强的) the officials at the few schools around the world seem to agree. Among them are educators from the College Station Independent School District in Texas, who recently completed a week-long experiment involving 480 students across three elementary schools. The 374 kids that agreed to participate in the study were provided a device that helped record step count and calorie consumption over the entire period. All 25 teachers involved in the study reported that students appeared to be more alert and concentrate better, when allowed to stand. The one thing that did surprise the researchers was that younger kids were more willing to stay standing than kids in higher grades. They believe this may have something to do with the fact that after years of being asked to “sit still”, older kids have a harder time adjusting to this unexpected freedom. American schools are not the only ones reporting success with stand-up desks. Four Catholic schools in Perth, Australia, which have been testing them since October 2013, have seen similar
results. In May 2014, Grove House Primary School in Bradford, West Yorkshire, became Europe’s first test one, with a seven-week trial that involved the use of desks made by Ergotron in their fifth-grade classrooms. While official results are not out yet, early reactions from both teachers and students, have been extremely encouraging. The findings of these studies and others done previously, all seem to mean that allowing kids to move around in classrooms is a win-win for students and teachers — it helps kids get healthier and provides educators with a more engaged audience. 32. According to the first paragraph, what may make the students at school unhappy is that _____. A. they have to exchange desks with each other B. they have to exchange traditional desks for ones with no seats C. there are no seats for them to sit in class D. the officials show no sympathy to them at all 33. According to the teachers, older students may not like stand-up desks because _____. A. they are cleverer than younger students B. they are easily tired of standing long C. they have formed the habit of sitting D. they do badly in class while standing 34. What is most likely to be the result of the seven-week trial? A. The standing desks can’t be used at all. B. It is good for students to use stand-up desks. C. More tests should be done in other schools. D. The students are different in personality. 35. Why do the teachers like the standing desks? A. Because the educators can draw the students’ attention. B. Because the teachers can keep the students healthy. C. Because the students can have a walk in the classroom. D. Because the standing desks can keep the students concentrated.
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 71 . Such as runny noses, sore throats, nothing quite like the common cold to make you feel miserable. But experts believe that there is no link between cold weather and catching colds. 72 . Internal Medicine expert, Dr Meenakshi Jain of Max Hospital says, “One reason could be that people are likely to stay indoors, so the virus can spread easily. 73 ”
The common cold is a viral infection that can be caused by any of up to 250 strains of virus, the most common group of which are the rhinovirus(鼻病毒) that hit the nose. 74 “They are transmitted through the nose respiratory(呼吸的) passages, by touch, and by contact with airborne particles that are created by sneezing or coughing,” says Dr Jain. There is no cure for the common cold and antibiotics(抗生素) are of no help. However, there are some precautions which can help: 75 In this case, you can protect your hands from getting germs. Don’t touch your eyes, nose and mouth, which can limit your chances of infection. Don’t share drinking glasses or utensils with anyone as this will prevent the spread of the virus. Make sure to eat enough fruits to boost your immune system. A. Also the virus thrives (兴盛，繁荣) in wetness in the atmosphere. B. Drink lots of fluids to avoid dehydration. C. They are responsible for anywhere between a third and half of all common colds. D. Get enough sleep and you’ll certainly feel better. E. So why are we particularly vulnerable (脆弱的) this season？ F. Wash your hands regularly. G. It’s winter and you have probably noticed germs are everywhere.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Remarks by the First Lady at Number Seven School Chengdu, China
Ni hao. It is a pleasure to be here at Number Seven School. Thank you so much for your warm welcome. Before I get started, on behalf of myself and my husband, I want to say that our hearts 36 to all with loved ones on Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. 37 I said this past weekend , we are keeping all of them in our 38 and our prayers at this extremely difficult time. And I want to thank all the students here today, both those of you here 39 and those of you joining remotely from across the region. The 40 is that I grew up like many of you. I lived with my family in a tiny apartment in Chicago. We didn’t have much money, but our little home was 41 with love. Every evening, my family would laugh and share stories 42 dinner. Family meant 43 to us, including our extended family. My elderly great aunt and uncle lived nearby and when their health started to decline my parents 44 , helping my uncle shave and dress each morning. We took care of each other. My parents 45 all of their love and hope into us. 46 we weren’t rich, they had big dreams for me and my brother. They saved every penny. That wasn’t easy for them, especially for my father. He had a serious illness. As he got sicker, 47 got harder for him to walk. But 48 much pain he was in, my father 49 missed a day of work. And every day, like many of you, I felt the weight of my parents’ 50 on my shoulders. Every day, I wanted to make them proud. I took an exam and got into a special public high school 51 I was able to get a better education. But it was very far, so I had to get up early and 52 a bus for an hour. Every afternoon, I would take that same bus back and then immediately start my homework, late _53 the night. Whenever I got tired or 54 , I would remember something my mother always said: “A you.” C. cross out C. Until C. suggestions C. in sight C. truth C. flooding C. over C. nothing C. checked in C. transferred C. Until C. it C. whenever C. hardly C. responsibilities C. that C. catch D. go out D. Since D. possessions D. in order D. possibility D. connecting D. on D. everything D. joined in D. bumped D. While D. which D. however D. nearly D. personalities D. where D. call good education is something that no one can 55 36. A. get out 37. A. As 38. A. situations 39. A. in place 40. A. theory 41. A. bursting 42. A. with 43. A. something 44. A. called in 45. A. poured 46. A. When 47. A. that 48. A. whatever 49. A. narrowly 50. A. sacrifices 51. A. unless 52.A. hire B. work out B. When B. thoughts B. in person B. story B. fixing B. about B. anything B. stepped in B. turned B. As B. this B. whether B. eventually B. happiness B. if B. ride
53. A. for 54. A. discouraged 55. A. get over
B. during B. disabled B. break away from
C. into C. delighted C. bring about
D. at D. determined D. take away from
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) Teachers and fellow students, 16 we all know, an 8.0 earthquake broke out at 2:28 pm on May 12th in Wenchuan, Sichuan Province. It’s reported ___17____ the earthquake was so strong that it has caused 68,109 deaths and 364,552 people were hurt. Many houses and schools ___18____(destroy) and as a consequence, more than five million people are living a hard __19___ now. Just imagine how the students there need help and that schools should be built so that students can return to classes soon. People all over the world are trying their___20__ to help them, not excepting us. Here Students’ Union calls ____21___ everyone to give away your old clothes and pocket money and bring your___22___ (use) books, mp3s or something else to sell in the bring-and-buy sale （义卖） . All the materials and the money to be collected will be sent to the earthquake stricken areas as soon as possible. My fellow friends, “Blood is ___23____(thick) than water”. Please donate your love and give out your hands ___24___ hesitation. We believe miracles can be created, a great many lives will be saved ____25___ the harmonious society is sure to be achieved. That’s all. Thank you!
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） My cousin Li Ming is a senior three student, who devoted himself to his lessons every day. Last Saturday, as usual, he went to several class. In the evening, he continued to study at home until deeply into the night. He was too sleepy and tired that he couldn’t work effectively. In Sunday morning, he was about to do his lessons while his father came up and advised him to take a break. Soon they came up a good idea. They decided to go cycling in the countryside. Li Ming enjoyed himself competing and chatting with his father and felt relaxing in the open air. On Monday, Li Ming was energetic and active in class. He spent a whole day in the country, and Li Ming said
what he had done was worth.
第二节 书面表达 高考越来越近，面对繁重的学习任务，担心考试成绩，很多同学表示压力很大，请你 向校报写一封信，信中内容应包括： · 分析同学压力大的原因 · 提出减压的方法(至少两种建议) · 表达期望，预祝同学们考试成功 注意：(1)词数不少于 80； (2)在答题卡上作答； (3)书信格式及开头结尾均已给出(不计入总词数)。 参考词汇 高考：College Entrance Exam
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇:答案及解析：72.C 73.A 74.C 75.C
【文章解读】 这是一篇新闻报道。 文章主要通过数据和比较来报道小米公司这几年的迅猛发 展。 72.【考查方向】考查细节辨认题。 根据文章第二段的 Xiaomi, founded in 2010, passed South Korea's SaM:ung Electronics Co. in the second quarter of last year as the best-selling smartphone brand in China by number of phones sold 排除 A；根据文章第一段的 Chairman Jun Lei said is comparable to Apple's iPhone 6 but thinner, lighter and much cheaper 排除 B；根据文章第二段的 The company is expanding into India and other developing markets but has yet to announce plans to enter the United States or Europe 排除 D；根据文章第一段的 The phone starts at 2, 299 yuan ($375), less than half the
5,288 yuan ($ 865) price of an iPhone 6 in China 可知小米的低价是它超越 Apple's iPhones 的主 要原因。故选 C。 73.【考查方向】考查细节辨认题。 根据文章第三段的 Apple is still a relatively small player in China, selling about 45 million iPhones there last year, Blair estimates 可知今年 iPhones 将会售出超过 45 million iPhones。故 选 A。 74.【考查方向】考查判断推理题。 A. By giving examples 通过举例； B. By analyzing cause and effect 通过分析原因和影响； C. By providing data 通过提供数据；D. By making comparisons 通过比较。根据文章第五段的数据 可知这段文章是通过提供数据是展开的。故选 C。 75.【考查方向】考查简单计算题。 A. Negative.否定的；B. Satisfied 满意的； C. Positive 积极的；D. Doubtful 怀疑的。 根据文章第二段的 The company is expanding into India and other developing markets 的 Jun Lei 说的话表明他对小米在印度发展的态度是积极的。故选 C。
B 篇:答案及解析：BCDAB 【文章解读】文章介绍作者在找工作的时候，遇到两个警察，作者的态度让他们误会并被逮 捕，但是作者的家庭地位让法官将他释放。 51.B 【考查方向】考查细节辨认题。 A. a uniformed policeman 一个穿制服的警察;B.a policeman in plainclothes 一个便衣警察；C. not a policeman 不是一个警察；D. a good joker 一个好的小丑。从第四段的句子：when I saw a man walking across the road with the obvious intention of talking to me．I thought he was going to ask me the time．Instead, he said he was a police officer and he was arresting me．可知第一个 朝作者走过来的是便衣警察，选 B。 52.C 【考查方向】考查细节辨认题。 A. the time for the trial was limited to fifteen minutes only 试验的时间仅限于仅 15 分钟；B. the author wanted to conduct his own defense in court 作者想要在法庭上为自己辩护；C. the case was dismissed before the trial reached that stage 此案被审判前达到这个阶段； D. he was found to
be unqualified as a character witness 他被发现是不合格的证人。从文章的句子：We went along that Monday armed with all kinds of witnesses, including my English teacher from school as a character witness．But he was never called on to give evidence．My 'trial' didn't get that far．The magistrate （法官） dismissed the case after fifteen minutes．可知法庭没有让作者的英语老师 作证因为案件在审理到那个阶段之前就结束了，选 C。 53.D 【考查方向】考查细节辨认题。 A. the magistrate had been less gentle 法官已经不那么温柔 ；B. he had really been out of work 他真的没有工作； C. he had been born in a ,lower— class family 他出世在一个较低的中产阶级 家庭；D. both B and C,B 和 C 都对。从倒数第三段的句子：I feel sure that if I had come from a different background, and had really been unemployed, there is every chance that I would have been found guilty．可知作者认为如果他真的失业了，或是如果他来自贫穷的家庭，可能他 就会被判有罪，选 D。 54.A 【考查方向】考查细节辨认题。 A. he had protested strongly at the time 那时候他强烈抗议； B. he had begged to be allowed to go home 他恳求让他回家；C. he hadn’t wandered aimlessly 他没有漫无目的走；D. he had tried to look cool 他曾试图看起来很酷。 从倒数第二段的句子：'You could have been a bit more helpful when we arrested you,' he said to me reproachfully （责备地） ．可知这个警察认为如果当时 作者强烈抗议这件事就不会发生了，选 A 55.B 【考查方向】考查细节推理题。 A. has broken the law only once 只有一次违反了法律；B. has never broken the law 从未触犯法 律；C. has broken the law on more than one occasion 不止一次违反了法律；D. once broke the law without knowing it 由于不知道，曾经触犯了法律。从第三段的内容，可知作者只是随便 在街上走，而没有犯罪，选 B。 C 篇:答案及解析：D D C D 篇: 答案及解析：CCBD 第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。
答案及解析： GECAF 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 答案及解析： 36-40 DABBC 41-45 ACDBA 46-50 DCDCA 51-55 DBCAD
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 答案及解析： 16. As 17.that 21. on 22.used 18. were destroyed 19.life 23. thicker 24. without 20.best 25. and
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第二节 短文改错（10 分） 答案及解析： devoted 改为 devotes, class 改为 classes, deeply 改为 deep, too 改为 so, In 改为 On, while 改为 when, came up 改为 came up with, relaxing 改为 relaxed, and 改为 but, worth 后加 it 或 改为 worthwhile
第三节 书面表达 Dear editor: As the College Entrance Exam is drawing close, many students are under great pressure, resulting in a lot of problems. Some students can’t sleep well and find it difficult to concentrate on class. Some students are always in a bad mood. There are many reasons accounting for these problems. They are afraid that they won’t get the ideal scores they expect. They are worried they can’t live up to their parents’ expectations. They even think their future will be totally dark if they fail. These students are almost stressed out. So how to relieve pressure? Listen to some music when you feel tired. Talk to your friends, your teachers or your parents when you lose confidence. Taking exercise and going out to enjoy fresh air are also necessary. Those mentioned above are all my suggestions. Hopefully these tips can help you. Wish you success in the College Entrance Exam! Yours sincerely,