滨州学院 2010-2011 学年第二学期期末考试 英语专业 (本) 2009 级《高级阅读》试卷（A）
(答案一律写在答题纸上,在本试卷上做答无效) I. Vocabulary (1.5 points each, 15 points) Directions: Write down the synonyms/antonyms of the following words
on ANSWER SHEET 1 according to the hints given. Use the words you have just learned this term. Synonyms: 1. threat: m____ 4. ascribe: a____ Antonyms: 6. implicit: __plicit 9. industrious: sl____ 7. dissatisfied: c____ 10. rebellious: m____ 8. secure: tr__ 2. fussy: p____ 5. trivial: p____ 3. fragile: vu____
II. In-depth Reading (20 points) Directions: The following paragraph is an excerpt from a novel written by a British feminist writer. Read it and answer the questions. Write your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. Feeling . . . clamoured wildly. “Oh, comply!” it said. “. . . soothe him; save him; love him; tell him you love him and will be his. Who in the world cares for you? or who will be injured by what you do?” Still indomitable was the reply: “I care for myself. The more solitary, the more friendless, the more unsustained I am, the more I will respect myself. I will keep the law given by God; sanctioned by man. I will hold to the principles received by me when I was sane, and not mad—as I am now. Laws and principles are not for the times when there is no temptation. . . . They have a worth—so I have always believed; and if I cannot believe it now, it is because I am insane—quite insane: with my veins running fire, and my heart beating faster than I can count its throbs.” Questions: 1. Guess the writer and original title of the novel. (5 points) 2. How do you understand this paragraph? Comment on this paragraph with no more than 100 words. Failure to obey this would result in the loss of marks. (15 points) III. Reading Comprehension (2 points each, 40 points) Directions: Read the following passages. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 2. Passage 1 The ability to “see” oneself in the future is a remarkable human trait - some would say unique - that is not well understood. That’s despite the fact that we probably spend as much time thinking about the future as we do thinking about the present.
Now new research from Washington University in St. Louis suggests that it's precisely because we can remember the past that we can visualize the future. “Our findings provide convincing support for the idea that memory and future thought are highly interrelated and help explain why future thought may be impossible without memories, ” says doctoral candidate Karl Szpunar. The findings are consistent with other research showing that persons with little memory of the past, such as young children or individuals suffering from loss of memory, are less able to see themselves in the future. The researchers base their conclusions on brain scans of 21 college students who were cued to think about something in their past, and anticipate the same event in the future, like a birthday or getting lost. The experiment was carried out as each student lay on their stomach in a magnetic resonance imaging machine, a dreadful but very useful piece of equipment that can show which areas of the brain are stimulated during specific thought processes. The students were also asked to picture former President Bill Clinton in a past and future setting. Clinton was chosen because he was easily recognized and familiar to all the students. The researchers found a “surprisingly complete overlap” among regions of the brain used for remembering the student's past and those used for picturing the future. And every region involved in remembering was also used in anticipating the future. In short, the researchers isolated the area of the brain that “lit up ” when the students thought about an event in their own past. And more importantly, that same area lit up again when they thought about a similar event in their future. In fact, the researchers report that the brain activity was so similar in both cases that it was indistinguishable.” The findings were reinforced when students imagined Bill Clinton. Since none of them knew him personally, their memories were not autobiographical. And the brain scans showed “significantly less” correlation between memories of having seen pictures of Clinton in the White House and projecting him into the future. So this “time machine, ” as the researchers describe it, allows us to use the past to see ourselves in the future, and both our memories and our anticipation are interdependent. (426 words) 1. A remarkable human trait that is not well understood is the ability ________. A. to think about the past C. to remember the past 2. The findings support that ________. A. future goals will greatly influence a person's present performance B. a person's present performance is determined by his / her past knowledge C. future thought depends to a great degree on the memory of the past D. present thought is impossible without the ability to imagine the future
B. to see the future D. to control the present
3. The conclusion of the experiment on students was that ________. A. the students could picture themselves better than Bill Clinton in a past and future setting B. the students could imagine themselves as well as Bill Clinton in a past and future setting C. the students could anticipate Bill Clinton better than themselves in a past and future setting D. the students could only picture themselves in a past and future setting but not Bill Clinton 4. This “time machine ” in the last paragraph most probably refers to ________. A. clock Passage 2 Directions: Go over the passage quickly. Mark A (for TRUE) if the statement true; B (for FALSE) if the statement is false; C (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. Visiting the White House White House Tours Public tours of the White House are available for groups of 10 or more people. Requests must be submitted through one's Member of Congress and are accepted up to six months in advance. These self-guided tours are available from 7:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday , and are scheduled on a first come, first served basis approximately one month in advance of the requested date. We encourage you to submit your request as early as possible since a limited number of tours are available. All White House tours are free of charge. For the most current tour information, please call the 24-hour line at 202-456-7041. Please note that White House tours may be subject to last minute cancellation. White House Visitor Center All tours are significantly enhanced if visitors stop by the White House Visitor Center located at the southeast corner of 15th and E Streets, before or after their tour. The Center is open seven days a week from 7:30 a.m. until 4:00 p.m. and features many aspects of the White House, including its architecture, furnishings, first families, social events, and relations with the press and world leaders, as well as a thirty-minute video. Allow between 20 minutes to one hour to explore the exhibits. The White House Historical Association also sponsors a sales area. Please note that restrooms are available, but food service is not. Mobility-Impaired / Using a Wheelchair Guests requiring the loan of a wheelchair should notify the officer at the Visitors Entrance Building upon arrival. Wheelchairs loans are offered on a first-come, first-served basis. Reservations are not
B. brain scanning
C. magnetic resonance imaging
possible. Visitors in wheelchairs, or with other mobility disabilities, on the Congressional guided or self-guided tours, between 8:00 a.m. and 12 noon, use the same Visitor entrance and, with up to four members of their party, are admitted without waiting in line and without tickets. Visitors in wheelchairs are escorted by ramp from the entrance level to the ground floor, and by elevator from the ground to the state floor. Guests generally wait in line with their family or group. Hearing-Impaired Tours for hearing-impaired groups may be arranged in advance by writing to the Visitors Office, White House, Washington, DC 20502. Tours are usually scheduled at 9:30 a.m., between the Congressional and public tour times. Participants enter at the East Appointment gate. A u.s. Secret Service / Uniformed Division Tour Officer conducts the tour in sign language. Signed tours are available to groups of 8 to 20. Groups are also encouraged to bring their own interpreters. Signing interpretation is also available for individual visitors with advance notice. A Congressional office first issues guided tour tickets to a guest who is hearing-impaired and then contacts the Visitors Office at least 2 weeks in advance to request interpreter service. The Visitors Office TDD (telephone device for the deaf) is 202-456-2121. Messages may be left outside normal business hours. Visually-Impaired Tours for visually-impaired groups may be arranged in advance by writing to the Visitors Office, White House, Washington, DC 20502. The tours are usually scheduled at 9:30 a.m., between the Congressional and public tour times. Participants enter at the East Appointment gate. A u.s. Secret Service / Uniformed Division Tour Officer permits visitors to touch specific objects in the House. Touch tours are currently available only to groups of 8 to 20, not to individual visitors. Guide animals are permitted in the White House. General Tour Information All White House tours are free. Changes in tour schedules are occasionally made because of official events. Notice may not be given until that morning. The Visitors Office 24-hour Information Line recording at 202-456-7041 provides the most up-to-date information. The TDD is 202-456-2121. Visitors should confirm tour schedules by calling the information line the night before and the morning that they plan to visit. It is occasionally necessary to close individual rooms on the tour; however, notice about closed rooms is not possible. Prohibited Items Prohibited items include, but are not limited to, the following: handbags, book bags,
backpacks, purses, food and beverages of any kind, strollers, cameras, video recorders or any type of recording device, tobacco products, personal grooming items (make-up, hair brush or comb, lip or hand lotions, etc.), any pointed objects (pens, knitting needles, etc.), aerosol containers, guns, ammunition, fireworks, electric stun guns, mace, martial arts weapons / devices, or knives of any size. The u.s. Secret Service reserves the right to prohibit any other personal items. Umbrellas, wallets, cell phones and car keys are permitted. Please note that no storage facilities are available on or around the complex. Individuals who arrive with prohibited items will not be permitted to enter the White House. Parking The closest Metrorail stations to the White House are Federal Triangle (blue and orange lines), Metro Center (blue, orange, and red lines) and McPherson Square (blue and orange lines). On-street parking is not available near the White House, and use of public transportation is strongly encouraged. Restrooms / Public Telephones The nearest restrooms and public telephones to the White House are in the Ellipse Visitor Pavilion (the park area south of the White House) and in the White House Visitor Center. Restrooms or public telephones are not available at the White House. (875 words) 5. Both Congressional guided and self-guided tours need to be scheduled in advance. 6. All White House tours are free of charge except on federal holidays. 7. The White House Visitor Center provides free drinks but not food service. 8. Wheelchair reservation service is provided by the officer at the Visitors Entrance Building. 9. Hearing-impaired visitors can request signing interpretation service from the Visitors Office. 10. Touch tours are currently only offered to visually-impaired groups of 8 to 20. Passage 3 What would happen if people were suddenly paid for doing something they usually did from intrinsic motivation, such as donate blood? Researchers generally thought that if people were given external rewards (money, awards, prizes, or tokens) for doing tasks (donating blood) that they formerly did from intrinsic motivation, their performance of these tasks would decrease. Because the finding that external rewards decreased intrinsic motivation was widely accepted, many books advised that rewards should not be used in educational settings, hospitals, or volunteer organizations because such rewards would do more harm than good. However, researchers recently reanalyzed the past 25 years of studies on intrinsic motivation and reached two different conclusions. First, they found that any decrease in intrinsic interest resulting from an external reward was so small as to not be detected by statistical analysis of
hundreds of studies. Second, they found that verbal praise, which is a form of external reward, did not decrease intrinsic interest but rather increased it. For a long time, it was also thought that external rewards automatically decreased creative work and interest. But researchers have found that the effects of giving children a reward for completing a creative task depends on how they perceive the reward. If they perceive the reward as a treat, it will increase their intrinsic interest, but if they see the reward as an external pressure to be creative, it will decrease their intrinsic interest. These studies show that, unlike previously thought, external rewards do not automatically decrease intrinsic interest and that verbal praise actually increases intrinsic motivation. Research on intrinsic motivation shows how cognitive factors, such as how you perceive situations, influence your motivation and achievement. (277 words) 11. It was thought by the researchers that if people were given some awards for doing tasks that they formerly did from intrinsic motivation, they would _______. A. do those tasks better C. not change their attitude towards those tasks 12. The word "intrinsic" means _____. A. external _____. A. the child will be more interested in the task B. the child will be less interested in the task C. the child will see the reward as a treat and do the task better D. the way the child sees the reward affects their interest 14. Recent studies show that _________. A. external rewards decrease intrinsic motivation B. decreases in intrinsic interest resulting from an external reward can be detected by statistical analysis C. verbal praise decreases intrinsic interest D. external rewards do not automatically decrease intrinsic interest 15. The passage discusses _____. A. intrinsic motivation C. external awards Passage 4 Local inhabitants have always feared the gorillas. In 1861 British explorer John Speke was warned that the volcano slopes were inhabited by manlike monsters. The mountain gorillas were unknown to western scientists until 1902, when a German explorer shot two.
B. finish those tasks in less time D. give a less satisfactory performance
13. According to researchers, if a child is given a reward for completing a creative task,
B. donating blood D. the function of verbal praises
Over the next 25 years hunters killed or captured more than 50 of the rare primates. By the 1960's, with the human populations of Rwanda and Zaire exploding, much of the gorillas' highland habitat had been taken, leaving 450 of the apes squeezed into the Virungas. By 1981 there were just 254 left. Their unlikely savior was American primatologist Dian Fossey, author of Gorillas in the Mist. Setting up a research center in Rwanda in 1967, Fossey trained a crew of trackers to monitor the gorillas and lead her to them each day. She soon alerted the world to their threatened extinction. Among her recruits was Fidele Nshogoza. Over a shared pot of pombe － banana beer － Nshogoza, now 47, told me of his first encounter with the gorillas. He came across more than a dozen sprawled in an alpine meadow, looking just like a family on a picnic. Nshogoza watched as the brawny patriarch lay on his belly, resting his chin on blockbuster arms. "Le grand chef," Nshogoza whispered in awe. "The chieftain." Gathered about the leader were his six wives, typically less than half his size. An imp-faced youngster clambered onto the silverback's shoulders, pulling his hair in fun. The father let the infant yank away. The silverback has the power of several men, Nshogoza thought, but is so gentle with his family. The great ape was not the monster of native legend. (276 words) 16. The Western scientists did not know mountain gorillas until ________. A. local inhabitants told them B. the British explorer John Speke warned them against the manlike monsters C. a German explorer shot two of them D. Rwanda and Zaire took much of the gorillas' highland habitat 17. American primatologist Dian Fossey did all the following EXCEPT that ______. A. she wrote the book Gorillas in the Mist B. she established a research center in Rwanda in 1967 C. she trained a crew of trackers to monitor the gorillas each day D. she was the first person to disclose the gorillas' threatened extinction 18. Fidele Nshogoza _______. A. was a famous Rwanda explorer B. worked as a gorilla research center's director C. regarded the great ape as the monster of native legend D. was Dian Fossey's assistant and team member 19. " Le grand chef " means _______. A. the great cook C. the terrible man-eating gorilla B. the top leader D. the manlike monster
20. Nshogoza's impression upon the leader gorilla was that _________.
A. he was both a powerful leader and an absolute master of his kind B. he was the monster of native legend C. he had many wives and treated his family gently D. he was a merciless fighter and could kill several men
IV. Blank-Filling Reading (2 points each, 10 points)
Directions: In the following article, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 21-25, choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the gaps. Write your answers on ANSWER SHEET l. Growing cooperation among branches of tourism has proved valuable to all concerned. Government bureaus, trade and travel association, carriers and properties are all working together to bring about optimum conditions for travelers. 21)_______________________________. They distribute materials to agencies, such as journals, brochures and advertising projects. 22)_________________________. Tourist counselors give valuable seminars to acquaint agents with new programs and techniques in selling. 23)______________________________________________. Properties and agencies work closely together to make the most suitable contracts, considering both the comfort of the clients and their own profitable financial arrangement. 24)__________________________. 25)________________________________. Carriers are dependent upon agencies to supply passengers, and agencies are dependent upon carriers to present them with marketable tours. All services must work together for greater efficiency, fair pricing and contented customers. [A] The same confidence exists between agencies and carriers including car-rental and sight-seeing services. [B] They offer familiarization and workshop tours so that in a short time agents can obtain first-hand knowledge of the tours. [C] Travel operators, specialists in the field of planning, sponsor extensive research programs. They have knowledge of all areas and all carrier services, and they are experts in organizing different types of tours and in preparing effective advertising campaigns. [D] As a result of teamwork, tourism is flouring in all countries. [E] Agencies rely upon the good services of hotels, and, conversely, hotels rely upon agencies, to fulfill their- contracts and to send them clients. [F] In This way agents learn to explain destinations and to suggest different modes and combinations of travel-Planes, ships, trains, motorcoaches, car-rentals, and even car purchases.
[G] Consequently, the agencies started to pay more attention to the comfort of travel. V. Cloze (1 point each, 15 points) Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 2. The way that people spend their money, and the objects on which they spend it, are the last areas where free choice and individuality can be expressed. The choice reflects personal taste, the way people see themselves and the fantasies they (26)__ restrictions on money available (27)__ (28)__ about their lives, the , surroundings and __ changing one. them, the presence of others in the family with a
on that money, and the influence of current convention, (29)__ with a confusing situation and a(n) (31)
locality. Shopping is an important human activity. Yet shoppers are (30)__ about The confusion arises from the claims (32)__ prices and a (n) ( 33 )__ The search (34)__ adverting, from inadequate information
new products, new materials, new places to shop--a confusion enhanced by rising choice of goods than ever before. the right purchase is based on ignorance of (35) __ own needs for those needs. When choosing any particular item,
and ignorance of the product's (36)__
there are several lines of communication which might provide some guidance. (37) __ none of these is entirely satisfactory. For example, you can ask a shop assistant initially. (38)__ you find one, she may quite (39)__ B. possess B. for B. demand B. upbringing B. faced B. instantly B. seen in B. larger B. into B. one's B. use B. Still B. Although B. practicing C. have C. with C. request C. cultivation C. coped C. rapidly C. hinted at C. broader C. for C. his C. value C. Yet C. Because C. working
not know the answers. She may be a part-time. D. own D. of D. claim D. expansion D. greeted D. readily D. set in D. wider D. with D. her D. worth D. Even D. While D. genuinely D. shopping
schoolgirl with a Saturday job, or a housewife (40) __ 26. A. imagine 27. A. to 28. A. right 29. A. growth 30. A. dealt 31. A. suddenly 32. A. made by 33. A. ampler 34. A. from 35. A. their 36. A. fitness 37. A. And 38. A. Even ff 39. A. generally 40. A. studying
B. authentically C. innocently