新课标 2016 年高三英语寒假作业 3 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The world’s premier spelling bee ended Thursday in the U．S．f
or a second year in a row after an in-tense lo-round showdown between two young competitors to deal with some of the English language’s most obscure（生僻的）words. Vanya }hlvaShankar， 13， and Gokul Venkatachalam， 14， together raised the gold trophy （奖 杯）in the 88th Scripps National Spelling Bee． Shivashankar， the sister of 2009 champion Kavya Shivashankar， initially gathered confidence as she went easily through such words as cytopoiesis， bouquetiere and thamakau． Venkatachalam， a basketball fan，also managed such tongue-twisters as poblacion，caudillismo and nixtamal． But as their eight fellow finalists failed one by one，the tension grew until they stood alone on stage· When Shivashankar，in the fourteenth round，correctly spelled scherenschnitte，the German 一 derived（源自德语的）word for artistic paper cutting, official bee pronouncer Jacques Bailly, broke the news to． Venkatachalam . contest，Bailly said，was about to run out of words，and if Venkatachalam spelled his next word correctly， he and his rival （对手） would be declared joint winners 一 a repeat of last year’s surprise． The winning word came so easily to the eighth-grader from the branch St．Louis，Missouri suburb of Chesterfield that he skipped the bee contestant’s routine of asking for the word’s origin， meaning and usage in a sentence·“N 一 u 一 n 一 a 一 t 一 a 一 k， ”the devoted LeBron James fan said，spelling the Inuit-derived word for an icy island as easily as if he was spelling d 一。-g or c-a-t． Asked afterwards what went through his mind upon hearing the word，Venkatachalam frankly replied：“Me and Vanya are going to be champions．”
24 ．How many contestants took part in the final？ A. Only two. B. Four. C. Eight. D. Ten. 25 ．It can be inferred from the passage that A ．last year’s spelling bee also ended in a tie B ．Kavya Shivashankar was last year’s champion C ．the spelling bee is held every two years D ．the pronouncer decides the contest result 26 ．The underlined word“the eighth-grader” refers to A. Vanya Shivashankar B. Gokul Venkatachalam C. Kavya Shivashankar D. Jacques Bailly 27 ．Joint winners of the contest were made because A ．Vanya and Gokul were equal to each other B ．it was previously planned by the organizer C ．producers and sponsors made the final decision D ．there’s no more word prepared for contestants to spell
B In learning a foreign language, one should first pay attention to speaking. It is the groundwork of reading and writing. You’d better try your best to speak. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. But be careful not to let them keep you from improving the language. While you are doing this, a good exercise is to write—keep a diary, write notes, letters or articles, then if you can, ask someone to go through what you have written and tell you where is wrong. Many mistakes in your speaking will be easily found when you write. Through correcting the mistakes, you can do better in learning a language. If you are slow in speaking, don’t worry. One of the helpful ways is reading, either aloud or
to yourself. The important thing is to choose something interesting to read. It can’t be too difficult for you. When you are reading in this way, don’t stop to look up the words if you can guess their meanings or if they have nothing important to do with the sentence. You can do that some other time. 56. From the passage we know the groundwork is _________ while you are learning a foreign language. A. reading B. writing C. speaking D. listening
57. To improve the language, one has to _________. A. pay attention to speaking only B. try not to make mistakes C. correct mistakes only D. keep a diary and write notes, letters or articles 58. The best title of this passage might be _________. A. How to Learn a Foreign Language C. How to Learn Writing B. How to Improve Reading D. More Reading, Less Speaking
C The history of the computer keyboard started way back in 1714, when the first typewriters were manufactured. Then, they looked more like sewing machines, since they were designed by Remington, which also used to manufacture sewing machines. They were not used for commercial purposes but to produce legal documents that were neat. 1868 was the year when Christoper Latham Scholes created the typewriter that is common today and was later mass marketed in 1877. Before the typewriter advanced to become the modern-day keyboard, there were a few developments that led to it. First there was the combination of the typewriter with the telegraph to create a teletype. Key punches were also created by the combination of the typewriter with punch card systems. The teletype was used to input data in the very first computers, and this is where the development of the computer keyboard started. How the teletype worked with the computer is that a card was inserted into the teletype. The keys would then be pressed in the teletype and a series of holes would be punched in the card. These were known as key punches, which would then be put into a card reader which analyzed the
cards as data. This was in 1946, and in 1948 an electromagnetically (电磁地) controlled teletype was brought into operation for the binary automatic computer (二进制自动计算机). There later came the video display terminal （视频显示终端) and electronic keyboards. When people typed, they would immediately see the results on the screen. This was in the 1970s, and people accepted the technology because it was user-friendly. There was no long process involved in getting something typed. The very first designs of these keyboards were big and heavy, and most did not come with the computer. This was later modified to a smaller size and different colours and designs, and that is the keyboard we use today. 29. For what purpose were the first typewriters manufactured? A. To produce legal documents. B. To replace sewing machines. C. To record the results of research. D. To create the first computer keyboards. 30. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the text? A. In the 1970s keyboards came with the computer. B. Christoper Latham Scholes created the first typewriter in 1714. C. An electromagnetically controlled teletype was introduced in 1877. D. The development of the computer keyboard started from the teletype. 31. The underlined word, “modified”, in the last paragraph, is closest in meaning to “______”. A. connected B. changed C. admitted D. applied 32. What is the text mainly about? A. The process of making computer keyboards. B. The first person who invented the typewriter. C. The course of development of the computer keyboard. D. The influence of typewriters on the computer keyboard.
Their beautiful call suggests the arrival of spring，but the routes taken by cuckoos(杜 鹃)during their annual migration(迁徙)have remained a mystery． Now,though， scientists from the British Trust for Omithology(BTO)have revealed the details of their remarkable 10，000-mile journey，with the help of tracking devices． Five male birds were caught in Norfolk last May and fitted with satellite-tagged “backpacks’’ before being released．The scientists then monitored their progress over 12 months as they flew to Africa in the autumn，and returned in the spring． The project was carried out to discover why every year fewer of the birds return to Britain．Between 1995 and 2010，the population of cuckoos spending sumnler here fell by almost half,and the number is continuing to decline ． Previously,the lack of information about the cuckoos’long migration has hamoered the understanding of how to help conserve the birds． Earlier this year ， it was reported that cuckoos arrived in the UK much earlier than normal． Their call was recorded by ornithologists(鸟类专家)as early as February,a month ahead of their usual arrival． Like all migrating animals，cuckoos respond to the changing seasons．They depend on lush plants to provide the fruit and food for insects that they feed on．This reliance on seasonal patternsmeans that a changing climate could make an already challenging journey impossible for them． 32．What is the main purpose of the project? A．To track cuckoos’1 0，000-mile journey． B．To better understand the habits of cuckoos． C．To find out what happens during cuckoos’journey． D．To discover why the population of cuckoos is declining． 33．The underlined word“hampered”in Paragraph 3 probably means_____． A．prevented B．deepened C．improved D．affected
34．When do cuckoos usually arrive in Britain? A．In January． B．InFebruary． C．InMarch． D．In April．
35．Cuckoos arrived in the UK much earlier than normal probably because of_____．
A．1acking food C．changing routes
B．changing climate D．cold spring in the UK
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 A great number of people can get injured or even killed resulting from a human stampede (踩 踏).The bad thing is that a peaceful group of people can quickly turn into a crazy panicked crowd. 16 If you are in a crowd, the most important thing is to make yourself familiar with your surroundings and mentally notice the exits. No matter where you are, make sure you always know how to get out. 17 If you are in a crowd of moving people, wet or uneven ground can be
slippery or dangerous, causing you to fall. Be aware of the general atmosphere of the event, as panic situations can often be expected. When in danger, a few seconds can make all the difference. If you find yourself in the middle of a moving crowd, do not fight against the pressure, do not stand still or sit down. 18 . Take
advantage of any space that may open up and try to move sideways to the crowd movement where the flow is weaker. 19 —It gives you movement and protects your chest.
If you fall, get up quickly. If you fall and cannot get up, keep moving by crawling in the same direction of the crowd, or if that is not possible, then cover your head with your arms and curl (蜷 缩)up. 20 Sometimes, finding a right posture can save your life.
A. Make yourself aware of the type of ground you are standing on. B. Do not lie on your stomach or back, as this dangerously exposes your lungs. C. If you are stepped on, you should shout for help. D. Instead, move in the same direction of the crowd. E. Keep your hands up by your chest, like a boxer. F. Stretch your arms to the full length so that you can make more space to move in the crowd G. What’s worse is that the stampede can be caused while there seems no actual danger.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A man who knows how to write a personal letter has a very powerful tool.A letter can be enjoyed,read and 21 . It can set up a warm conversation between two people far apart(远离 with very little effort. A few years ago my older brother and I were not getting 24 We had been
的)；it can keep a 22 I will give 23 .
close as 25 but had grown apart. Our meetings were not 26 ; our conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels; and every effort to clear the air seemed to only 27 our misunderstanding.
Then he 28 a small island in the Caribbean and we 29 touch .One day he wrote me a letter. He describeb his island and its people, told me what he was doing,said how he felt,and encouraged me to 30 . Rereading the letter, I was 31 by its humor(幽默)and clever expressions,These were
all qualities for which I had 32
respected my order brother but 33 he no longer had them.I had .And with that one letter we became friends 35. to write me if he had not been in a place where there
never known he could write so 34
It might never have occurred to 36
were no 37 ,For him, writing was a necessity, It also turned out to be the best way for us to get back in touch.Because we live in an age of 38 communication(通讯),people often 39 that they don’t always have to phone or email. They have a 40 21. A.received 22.A.record B.rewritten C.returned B.promise C.friendship . And that is to write.
23.A.an example B.a lesson 24.A. through 25.A.brothers 26.A.normal 27.A.deepen 28.A.toured 29.A.lost 30.A.think 31.A.driven 32.A.never 33.A.realized
C.an experience D.a talk D.away D.classmates D.possible D.settle D.moved to D.got in D.read D.honored D.once D.expected
B.together C.along B.children B.necessary B.start C.fellows C.pleasant C.express
B.stopped over C.reached B.kept in B.write B.beaten B.seldom B.judged C.needed C.enjoy C.surprised C.sometimes C.thought
34.A.well 35.A.later 36.A.us
B.often B.anyhow B.anyone else
C.much C.too C.someone C.phones C.popular C.argue C.method
D.soon D.again D.my brother D.relatives D.busy D. forget D. plan
37.A.mail services B.transport 38.A.poor 39.A.believe 40.A.habit B.easy B.decide B.choice
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) WASHINGTON — The U.S. government remains shut down in a partial closure 48 has put hundreds of thousands of Americans out of work, at least temporarily. Lawmakers have yet to reach common ground, and that means many federal workers stay home 49 national parks, monuments and museums stay closed. Some vocal veterans’ groups visited Washington over the weekend 50 protest the closures. But they were not the only ones there. Seeking their place in the spotlight 51 lawmakers publicly supporting the “Tea Party,” a group of lawmakers within the Republican Party strongly opposed to compromising 52 Democrats on matters of budget. The Million Veterans March - as it was called - was supposed to be a peaceful call for 53 end to the government shutdown now threatening many veterans’ benefits. Protesters tore down barricades（临时的路障） and carried 54 to the White House where they threw them in front of the gates and shouted slogans against the president. “It is time that Congress started the government again. Veterans paid a price. Promises were made to them that 55 they serve our country, our country will take care of them. We’re failing in that mission,” said one of the protesters Kelly.
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） There is one period of out-of-class activities in our school, that is held between 4:10 to 5:00 p.m. every Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday. We have all kinds of activities, including sports, reading, drawing, playing musical instruments, play English games and so on. Of all the activity, computer, drawing and guitar is the most popular. Besides, we students hope that we can have more time of their out-of-class activities with little homework. What’s more, our school may organize us go out of our school so that we know more about our society.
在过去几个月很多城市经常发生雾霾污染，这已经引起越来越多的关注。雾霾污染是 一种空气污染，其中夹杂了烟雾，灰尘和其他干燥微粒， 写作内容： 请根据以下内容，介绍雾霾。 1. 工厂排放的颗粒直接释放到空气中，与灰尘互相作用，导致了严 导致雾霾污染的因素 雾霾污染的严重后果 采取措施 重的空气污染。 2. 私家车废气的排放。 1. 天气坏，越来越多的人看医生 2. 频繁的雾霾导致交通事故。 1. 政府应尽快形成和完善相应的法规。 2. 每个人都要减少使用不环保的车辆。 雾霾污染: pollution haze 排放： emission 互相作用: interact with 写作内容：1. 导致雾霾污染的因素 2. 雾霾污染的严重后果 3. 采取措施 开头已给出 The pollution haze, one kind of air pollutions which is mixed up with smoke, dust and other dry particles, has occurred frequently in so many cities that more and more attention has been aroused in the past few months.
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: DABD
24. D。细节理解题。从第 4 段 But as their eight fellow finalists failed one by one 处可知。 25. A。推理判断题。从第 5 段 a repeat of last year’s surprise 可知。 26. B。篇章结构题。从文章后两段的描述主体可知。
27. D。细节理解题。从第 5 段 The contest…was about to run out of words 可知。
B 篇: CDA C 篇: ADBC D 篇: DACB 第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 答案及解析： 4.GADEB
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. D 26. C 31. A 36. D 22. C 27. A 32. D 37. C 23. A 28. D 33. C 38. B 24. C 29. A 34. A 39. D 25. B 30. B 35. D 40. B
【总体评析】 最近几年来的完形填空试题材料选材上， 都力图选取一篇有教育意义和现 实实用价值的文章。受到更多先进快捷媒体比如 internet 的冲击的现状，作者通过回顾和现 状事实的对比描述，也表达了自己的担忧：未来书信何去何从？通常来讲，这样的文量均会 是一篇记叙文或者一个与生活有关的一些经历描述： 这篇文章就是亦属于与生活相关： 这是 一篇教育性或倡导性文章： 通过描述自己与哥哥的交往变化来倡导书信在交流中的重要性作 者措述了一个有趣的事实： 在相聚中， 自己与哥哥相处不好， 忽视了它的优点： 但是分开后． 多 亏了没有现代化的交通工具…电话、email.所以只能写信．再次展现哥哥的品质，所以连作 者本人都发出感叹: “Because we live in an age of easy communication(通讯),people often forget that they don’t always have to phone or email. They have a choice . And that is to write.”（因为 我们生活在通讯工具便捷的时代， 人们难免会忘掉我们不必总得用电话或电子邮件联系， 我 们还有另一种选择，那就是写信。 ） 这样的记叙思路恰好是全国卷高考英语命题的潜在思想，达到了教育性 启迪性的目的。
该试题的难度和前几年相比，难度相当；用词选项方面，都间接考查了构词法：reread, deepem 等，类似于去年的 acceptance，难度上略微有所增加。 详细解析 21. D 解析：前文有 enjoy, read，不可能是 received 或 returned, 只能是“重读”。Rewritten 表 示“重写” 22. C 表示保持两人的友谊 23. A 根据后文举例说明，故用 give an example 24. C get through 通过，完成； get together 聚会，聚焦； get along 相处； get away 走开，离开 25. B Children 与后面的 grow apart 呼应 26. C 根据后文的 our conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels，推理出“不愉 快”，选择 pleasant 27. A 根据情感变化是“加深误解”，故选用 deepen，该题主要考构词法 28. D 搬家，迁居，move to some place 29. A 失去联系 lose touch with sb. 30. B 根据上下文，鼓励我写信 encourage me to write 31. A. drive 驾驶；驱动；驱赶。这里是为他的语言文字所驱使或驱动之意。 32. D 忆往昔，曾几何时，这些品质恰是我尊重哥哥的原因。Once 曾经 33. C 但“认为”他不再具备这些品质。Thought 说明过去的想法 34. A 强调写信的好 35. D 我们再一次成为朋友。Again“再一次，又” 36. D 整句话是虚拟语气，“如果哥哥去的地方不是因为没有电话，他将不会给我写信” 是哥哥的身上发生的事 37. C 同 36 题 38. B 当代是通讯发达的年代，故选 easy，表示便捷的意思。 39. D 根据文章，人们忘掉了这一点（参考总体评析） 。此处提醒人们要记得并非必须 用电话、电子邮件才能交流 40. B 另一种选择 choice
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 48. that/which 49. and 50. to 51. were 52. with 53. an 54. them 55. if
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第二节 短文改错（10 分） 1.that—which 2. between 改 from 或 to 改 and 3. playing 4. activities 5. ia—are 6.besides—however 7. their—our 8. little—less 9. to go 10. can know
Possible version : The pollution haze, one kind of air pollutions which is mixed up with smoke, dust and other dry particles, has occurred frequently in so many cities that more and more attention has been aroused in the past few months. A number of factors can contribute to pollution haze, one of which is that, the particles, directly released into the air, interact with dust, leading to the serious air pollution. Besides, the emission of the private cars is another contributing factor that can’t be ignored. As for severe consequences caught by pollution haze, not only do more and more people have to see their doctors due to the bad weather, but also sometimes traffic accidents come up just because of the frequent pollution haze. To handle the problem, it is the government that should form and perfect some relative regulations as soon as possible. Additionally, we individuals ought to do our bit by reducing the use of such environmentally unfriendly vehicles as private cars.