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2015年安徽高考最后一卷(B卷) 英语 答案


安徽第一卷·2015 年安徽高考最后一卷(B 卷) 英语参考答案
第一部分:听力 1—5 ABCCB 6—10 ABACA 11—15 BCAAB 16—20 CACBB 第二部分:英语知识运用 第一节 单项选择 21—25 CBBBD 26—30 ACBAD 31—35 CDBAA 第二节 完形填空 36—40 BCBDA 41—45 DCDDB 46—50 ACCBB 51—55 ABDDB 第三部分:阅读理解 56—59 CDAA 60—63 DACB 64—67 ADDD 68—71 DBAA 72—75 ABCB 第四部分:书面表达 第一节 任务型读写 76. choice 77. big 78. necessary 79. Add 80. morning 81. Pack 82. homework 83. correctly 84. find 85. color 第二节 书面表达(One possible version) : An online survey titled How did you relax yourself after the College Entrance Examination? was conducted by Ren Ren. The participants gave different answers. Sleeping was the first choice for the students (23.44%) and travelling came second (21.88%). 15.63% of them chose to relax by playing games and 12.50% of them said they liked to drink. Meanwhile, 8.59% of them preferred to go shopping and 10.94% chose to relax in other ways. The fewest number, about 7.03%, said they relaxed by reading. As far as I’m concerned, my answer would be going to the movies. By watching movies, I can get my mind off the results of the exam and escape for a while from this heavy pressure. 21.C 由“但是无论如何要谢谢你”可知,应答者不能去野餐,故选 I’m afraid I can’t. 22.B 表示某个世纪的年代的数词前需加定冠词;the Web 是固定表达,意为“互联网”。 23.B 句意为:建新校是一回事,而让它平稳运转则是另一回事。Another 表示“另一;又一”,符合句意。 24.B 根据 when you called 可推知应此处应用过去进行时,故选 B 项。 25.D 由“在地上找东西”可知,这个科学家趴在地上,即他由手和膝盖支撑着,故选 on(由……支撑着) 。 26.A be worth doing sth 是固定搭配,其中 doing 是用主动形式表示被动意义,故选 seeing. 27.C 设空处引导定语从句且由搭配 depend on 可知,应选 on which. 28.B stand 所表示的动作发生在 visited 之前,是过去的过去,故选 had stood. 29.A 许多记者被派去报道(cover)这次地震。interview 后的宾语是人。 30.D “设计商用飞机上的座椅”是为了让“座位对 98%的男子来说足够宽”,故选 so that. 31.C 由语境可知,此处要用一般过去时态;the rest 指代不可数名词 money,作主语时谓语动词要用第三 人称单数,故 C 项正确。 32.D 题意:经营者必须着手(set about)寻找解决公司赢利问题的办法。 33.B 题意:吉姆不愿意(wouldn’t)来——他说他太忙。 34.A 本题是疑问句形式的强调句,强调 because of bad weather,故选 that. 35.A 由语境可知,此处用 and 连接两个形容词作状语,表示主语的心理状态,故 A 项正确。 36.B 根据下文探讨青少年的压力可知, 青少年对家长们说的在校学习是一生中最快乐的时光表示“不认同 (disagree)”。 37.C 家长们说学校时光最美好是因为他们很容易“忘记(forget)”青少年时期充满压力的生活。 38.B 39.D 根据下文的 you are old enough to make your own ... 可知,青少年不愿别人把他们当孩子一样“看待 2015 年安徽高考最后一卷·英语参考答案·第 1 页 共 4 页

(treated)”,他们想要“独立(independence)”。 40.A 根据下文的 arguments about ... from what time ... to your new ... 可知,与家长争吵是因为想要自己做 “决定(decisions)”。 41.D 青少年时期与家长的争吵几乎包括“所有的事(everything)”。 42.C 如果不按照家长所说的做,就会“陷入(get into)”麻烦中。 43.D 44.D 根据下文的 finding out who you are 可知,“尽管(although)”这些争吵充满压力,但他们都是“成长 (growing up)”和寻找自我的一部分。 45.B 根据下文的 pressure on you to do well in exams 可知,青少年的压力很大一部分来自对学业的“担忧 (worries)”。 46.A 47.C 根据下文的 perhaps you don’t agree 可知,此段假设青少年不喜欢“在校学习(studying)”,“更喜欢 (prefer)”体育和音乐。 48.C 根据上文的 want you to go to university 可知,家长希望青少年考试考“好(well)”。 49.B 根据上文的 go to university 和下文的 have a good education 可知, 家长告诉青少年拥有良好教育有多 么“重要(important)”。 50.B “家长认为学业很重要”和“青少年不认同这种观点”之间是转折关系,故选 but. 51.A 精心准备聚会装扮是为了外表“漂亮(beautiful)”。 52.B but 一词的转折说明家长不“喜欢(like)”你的衣服。 53.D 根据本段的中心词 appearance 和准备聚会服装的例子可知,家长不让你“改变(change)”头发的颜 色。 54.D 综上所述的各种压力都是青少年曾经遇到的“问题(problems)”。 55.B 根据下文的 let us know how you solve them 可知, 作者希望知道青少年是如何处理这些压力并使得生 活“更加简单(simpler)”。 56.C 推理判断题。根据第三段的 The hunter couldn’t believe his ears ... The last Fabergé egg I know sold for $18.5 million in 2007 可知,当一心想要高价卖掉这颗金蛋的寻宝者听说金蛋如此值钱时应该是很惊 讶。 57.D 细节理解题。根据第四段的 The royal family loved the first egg ... to make one or two Easter eggs every year 和第五段的 Fifty Imperial Fabergéeggs were made 可知,Fabergé制作的复活节彩蛋很受王室的 欢迎。 58.A 推理判断题。McCarthy 深知法贝热皇家复活节彩蛋的历史,再根据最后一段他拍卖这颗金蛋却不告 诉公众最后的成交价格可知,他很看好这颗金蛋。 59.A 标题归纳题。总览全文可知,文章主要围绕一颗法贝热皇家复活节彩蛋被发现的故事展开叙述,故 用 A 项内容作为标题最恰当。 60.D 细节理解题。根据第二段中的 At Arctic Cove, you have the opportunity to touch and feed these friendly white whales 可知答案。 61.A 细节理解题。 根据 How to get there 部分中的 Lyons Creek Rd. and follow the signs 可知, 在 Lyons Creek 路可以看到指向 Marineland 主题公园标志。 62.C 细节理解题。根据 Admission hours 部分可知,公园在 7、8 月份开放时间最长,故选 C 项。 63.B 细节理解题。根据最后一部分中的 Bikes and other two-wheeled vehicles are not permitted within park grounds 可知答案。 64.A 词义猜测题。 根据第二段的 have travelled 37,500 kilometres 和 passed the record for a tuk-tuk journey of 37,410 km 可知, 两位英国老师超越了 2005 年由两位德国人乘坐嘟嘟车旅行的最远记录, 故 overtaken 此处与 beaten 意思最接近。 65.D 推理判断题。根据第三段描述旅途中的遭遇和第四段尼克所说的 we are happy to have experienced ... 可知,理查德和尼克的旅行虽然充满危险但却十分有意义。 66.D 推理判断题。根据第五段的 Talking about their motivation 和第六段的 raise awareness of education projects 可知,理查德和尼克驾驶嘟嘟车环游世界是为了唤起人们对教育的重视并帮助他们。 67.D 文章出处题。本文介绍了英国两位老师驾驶嘟嘟车环游世界的经历,他们希望借此唤起人们对教育 2015 年安徽高考最后一卷·英语参考答案·第 2 页 共 4 页

的重视。从行文结构看最可能是一篇新闻报道。 68.D 细节理解题。由第一段中的 Getting eight to nine hours of sleep each night is almost impossible when classes begin at 7:30 am 和第四段中的 starting school an hour later 可知,在汤姆看来,学校应该八点 半开课,故选 D 项。 69.B 推理判断题。由该报告的标题 “Are Students Getting Enough Sleep?” 和后面的 Sleepiness disturbs concentration, reduces short-term memory, and causes bad feelings 可知, 作者在此提到该报告旨在说明 睡眠不足的坏处,故选 B 项。 70.A 推理判断题。总览全文可知,汤姆认为学校开课时间太早,因此学生们睡眠不足,所以他建议推迟 一个小时上课。A 项说法与文章内容相符。 71.A 写作目的题。总览全文可知,汤姆想通过这封信让学校推迟早上上课时间,并就此提出了自己的理 由和建议,故选 A 项。 72.A 细节理解题。由第二段中的 Crop rotation refers to the practice of growing different types of crops (or none at all) in the same area season after season 可知,crop rotation 指的是农作物轮作,即:一种种植 庄稼的方式,故选 A 项。 73.B 段落大意题。第三段主要讲述了不实行轮作将会产生的危害,故选 B 项。 74.C 词义猜测题。由第三段内容可知,these effects 在此是指不实行轮作的诸多不良影响;作者接下来在 第四段中就轮作是如何减少这些不良影响的进行了分析,故选 C 项。 75.B 写作手法题。作者在本段中通过解释说明的方法向我们讲述了轮作的好处,故选 B 项。 附:听力录音材料 Text 1 M: Do you take cream and sugar in your coffee? W: No, thanks. The doctor told me to eat less sweet food. Text 2 W: Oh, dear, I have locked the key in my room again. How I wish I could remember it! M: Well, don’t worry. These things happen all the time. Text 3 M: When does the next bus leave? W: You’ve just missed one by five minutes. Buses leave every 20 minutes, so you’ll have to wait a little. Text 4 W: How annoying! This thing breaks down almost once a week. M: It needs to be repaired. W: It sure does. But we have to walk up six flights of stairs at the moment. M: Well, it’s not bad for me to have a walk before work. Text 5 W: Hi, Jim. I haven’t seen you for several days. Have you moved into your new house al ready? M: Yes, and I’m so excited about it. W: Why are you so excited? M: I used to live in a small cold room all the year round, but now things have completely changed! Text 6 W: Hello. Golden Valley Travel Agency. M: Hello. I’m calling to cancel a reservation I made earlier in the week. W: OK. But to cancel your reservation, I need your name, phone number, and the date of your trip. M: Rudy Randolph, 818-555-1234. My reservation begins on the second Monday of April. W: I see your reservation on my computer. Let me just cancel it, and your reservation will be deleted. M: Thanks. I’ll call again when things get better at home. W: You’re welcome. Text 7 M: Hello, I’ve got to get up early tomorrow, so please give me a wake -up call. W: Of course. We can give you a call any time you like. 2015 年安徽高考最后一卷·英语参考答案·第 3 页 共 4 页

M: Actually, I need two calls, one at 7 and the other at 7:15. W: Your wish is our command. Expect a call at 7, and another one at 7:15. M: Wait a minute! I don’t like 7:15, now that I think about it. Change it to 7:30. W: The second call is now changed to 7:30. Is there anything else we can do for you? M: Nothing right now. If something comes up, though, I’ll call you. W: We’re here all night long if you need anything. Text 8 W: Jerry, is that you? M: Hey, Jenny! How are you doing? I don’t think I’ve seen you in over five years! W: I know! It’s been a long time. It’s funny to run into you on Christmas Eve! M: Yeah, isn’t that funny? Why aren’t you at home with your family? W: My family doesn’t live here. They moved to Texas three years ago. M: I see. Well, why didn’t you fly home to Texas for the holidays? W: I have to work tomorrow. Why didn’t you go home? M: I wanted to, but I didn’t have enough money to buy a plane ticket. W: I’m sorry you couldn’t go home. How is everything else going? M: I’m OK, but I’m having trouble finding a job. What’s up with you? W: I can’t complain. My job is going well and I have a nice apartment. Since we’re both alone for the holidays, we should have dinner together. M: Sounds good. Let’s go! Text 9 W: Hey, Mike! Good to have you back! You look exhausted! M: Hi, Mary. Yeah, I’m totally beat. I can barely keep my eyes open! W: Was it a rough trip? M: Well, it was actually pretty productive, but all the flying really got to me. W: Ah, jet lag. M: Yep. I flew from Beijing to Boston for a meeting, and then got on a plane to go to the trade fair in Frankfurt. Then back to Beijing before catching a train back here to Shanghai. W: Wow! That’s a lot of traveling! No wonder you’re exhausted! M: The worst thing was adjusting to the time zones! It’s so hard to get used to the difference! W: Yeah, it’s hard. You know jet lag only hits if you travel east -west or west-east. You could fly from Germany to Cape Town in South Africa and you wouldn’t feel anything. M: Right ... because it’s all in the same time zone. Unfortunately for me ... all my travel was between different time zones. I’ve got to say: I’m really suffering! Why is jet lag so nasty? W: I know what you mean. Well, you will be OK once you get some rest. Text 10 Holidays are happy days with pleasurable activities and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with those delicious foods. With proper planning though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is t o enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don’t have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions may be of some help to you. Do not miss meals. Before you leave home for a big dinner, have a small, low-fat snack. This may help to keep you from overeating when you see tables full of delicious food. Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate. A large plate will encourage you to have more than you need. Stay away from high-fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have a lot of fat in them. Choose meats containing little or no fat. Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables. If you have a sweet tooth, try fruits. They don’t have as much fa t as cream and chocolate. Don’t take a break from exercise during the holidays. A 20 -minute walk after a meal can help burn off extra calories. 2015 年安徽高考最后一卷·英语参考答案·第 4 页 共 4 页


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