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(12页Word版)高考英语分类汇编22:阅读理解(十一)


专题三 阅读理解(十一)
【山东省泰安市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A What if your school decided to give you cold hard cash in exchange for doing well in tests? Think you would work harder to improve your scores? That’ S the experiment being conducted by a number of schools in Virginia Beach and so far, the results have been quite encouraging. However,before you get your hopes up,the encouragement is not being offered to kids in every grade—Only high school students who are motivated enough to register for Advanced Placement(AP)courses and,take the tests. Also, not everyone who takes the test is qualified for the cash—Only students with a score of 3 and above maximum is 5),the level at which they are exempt(豁免)from taking the course in college, are rewarded. And while$100 seems like a lot of money, most of it is used for paying to take the exams.The students usually end up getting about$20 per test. The funding for this program,which is being tested in about a dozen high schools,has been obtained from The National Math and Science Initiative,a public-private partnership set up to encourage high-school students to take up more challenging courses. While this is a rather unusual way of encouraging students to step up to the challenge,it seems to be working. Salem High School, which is participating in the program, is experiencing a large increase in the number of students registering in AP courses.The teachers are also quite pleased—For not only are they receiving additional training,but also,funding in a large sum rather than piecemeal,enabling them to acquire the class materials all at one time.Sounds like a win—win for everyone.Do you think paying students to study is a good idea? 56.Who can get the cold hard cash according to the text? A.Kids in every grade. B.Students getting a score of 3 and above.

C.Only high school students. D.Students taking the tests. 57.What can we learn about The National Math and Science lnitiative? A.It encourages students to earn money.

B.It is a public cooperation. C.It supplies funding to the program. D.It is Fun by several high schools. 58.Salem High School is mentioned in Paragraph 5 to show that________. A.the program is working well B.all schools are active in the program C.all students are interested in AP courses D.teachers can benefit from the program 59.Which of the following is true according to the text? A.Paying students to study is not popular. B.The experiment proves to be encouraging. C.Students rewarded must take all courses. D.The program doesn’t encourage challenge. 60.The author’S attitude towards paying students to study was that of________. A.doubt B.unconcern C.objection D.approval

B A Blog as Therapy for Teenagers In the days before the instantly typed ―OMG Where R U?‖ the first words many teenagers wrote during their worried moments were“Dear Diary.”After several paragraphs of writing adolescent anxiety onto paper, the diarist often felt better.Research has long backed the thera – peutic(治疗的)value of diary-keeping for teenage girls and boys.But according to a new study, when teenagers detail their troubles onto a blog,the therapeutic value is even greater. To track teenagers’experiences with blogging,the researchers randomly surveyed high school students in Israel and selected 162 of them(124 girls and 38 boys)who exhibited some level of social anxiety or stress.The teenagers,who averaged 15 years old.said they had difficulty making new friends or relating to their existing friends. The teenagers were averagely divided into six groups.The first two groups were asked to blog about their social difficulties,with one group asked to open their posts to comments.The second two groups were asked to blog.about whatever struck their adolescent fancy;again.with

one group allowing comments.All four groups were told to write in their blogs at least twice a week. As a control,two more groups were told to keep either an old—fashioned print diary or to do nothing at all. All of their blog entries were then gone Over by four psychologists to determine the authors’ relative social and emotional state.In all the groups,the greatest improvement in mood occurred among those bloggers who wrote about their problems and allowed commenters to respond. Interestingly,the commenters on the blogs were almost supportive. ―The only kind of surprise we had Was that almost all comments made by readers were very positive and constructive in trying to offer support for suffering bloggers,” Dr. Barak wrote in an e —mail. The findings may hold in the real virtual world as well. “I definitely write posts in which I talk about trouble,and it helps me to relax,”said Royar Loflin,a 17-year-old blogger from Norfolk,Va. 61.What is better to reduce adolescent anxiety according to a new study? A. Composing a poem. C.Writing a blog. B.Keeping a diary. D.Doing hornework.

62.The new study was carried out by selecting__________. A.special students in colleges B.some stressful senior students at random C.some students in Israel primary schools D.162 single-sex children in high schools 63.How many students were allowed to write blogs online? A.162. B.108.C.81.D.54.

64.How did psychologists feel about the commenters’supportive attitude? A.Disappointed. B.Confused.

C.Amused.D.Worried. 65.It can be inferred that Royar Loflin could get very__________. A.destructive comments from readers B·constructive comments from psychologists C.destructive comments from his family D.supportive comments from readers

C Many children first learn the value of money by receiving an allowance.The purpose is to let children learn from experience at an age when financial mistakes are not very costly. The amount of money that parents give to their children to spend as they wish differs from family to family. Timing is another consideration. Some children get a weekly allowance. Others get a monthly allowance. In any case,parents should make clear what,if anything,the child is expected to pay for with the money. At first, young children may spend all of their allowance soon after they receive it. If they do this, they will learn the hard way that spending must be done within a budget.Parents are usually advised not to offer more money until the next allowance. The object is to show young people that a budget demands choices between spending and saving.Older children may be responsible enough to save money for larger costs,like clothing or electronics. Allowances give children a chance to experience the things they can do with money.They can share it in the form of gifts or giving to a good cause.111ey can spend it by buying things they want.Or they can save and maybe even invest(投资)it. Saving helps children understand that costly goals require sacrifice: you have to cut costs and plan for the future.Requiring children to save part of their allowance Can also open the door to future saving and investing.Many banks offer services to help children and teenagers learn about personal finance.A savings account is an excellent way to learn about the power of compound interest(利息).That may not seem like a lot.But over time it adds up. 66.Parents give their children allowance to__________. A.show off their wealth B.1et them make more money C.1et children manage family finance D.1earn the value of money 67.The second paragraph is mainly about___________. A.the amount of allowance B.what to be considered about allowance C.the time allowance should be given

D.how to spend allowance 68.Why are parents advised not to offer young children more money in advance? A.To show them how to make a budget. B.To save money for larger costs. C.To let children make fewer mistakes D.To give them more allowance next time. 69.What can we learn from the last paragraph? A.Children need not save their allowance. B.Saving can help children plan future finance. C.Children can buy everything with their allowance. D.All children must have a savings account. 70.The author intends to _________. A.make parents aware of the children’S allowances B.show the methods of investing C.give advice on how to save money D.introduce the advantages of allowances D In my first week as a graduate student at Cambridge University in 1 964 I came across a fellow student, two years ahead of me in his studies; he was unsteady on his feet and spoke with great difficulty.This was Stephen Hawking.I learned that he had a bad disease and might not live long enough even to finish his Ph.D.degree. But, amazingly, he has reached the age of 70.Even mere survival would have been a medical wonder.but of course he didn’t merely survive.He has become arguably the most famous scientist in the world—for his brilliant research,f or his bestselling books,and,above all, for his astonishing success over adversity(逆境). In 1 964 Stephen received his“death sentence,”against ever celebrating this uniquely inspiring achievement.Stephen went from St.Albans School to Oxford University . He was a ―laid back” undergraduate, but his brilliance earned him a first-class degree, and an “entry ticket” to a research career in Cambridge. Within a few years of his disease he was wheelchair-bound,and his speech was unclear. But

his scientific career went from strength to strength:he quickly came up with a series of insights into the nature of black holes and how our universe began.In 1974 he was elected to the Royal Society at the early age of 32. The great at advances in science generally involve discovering a link between phenomena that were unconnected—for instance,Isaac Newton famously realized that the force making an apple fall was the same as the f0Ilce that held the moon and planets in their orbits.Stephen’s Theory has still not been tested.However,it has been hugely influential;indeed,one of themain achievements of string theory has been to confirm and build Oil his idea He has un-doubtedly done more than anyone else since Einstein to improve our knowledge of gravity and he is one of the top 一 10 living theoretical physicists. 7 1.When did Stephen Hawking study as a graduate student? A.In 1960. B.In 1962. C.In 1964.D.In 1966.

72.What impressed the author most in Stephen Hawking? A.His brilliant research. C.His serious disease. B.His bestselling books. D.His success over adversity.

73.What made Stephen Hawking start research career in Cambridge? A.His“death sentence”. B.Being“laid back”undergraduate. C.His brilliant gift. D.His second-class degree. 74.Whose theory was still in the process of being proved? A.Isaac Newton’s. B.Albert Einstein’s.

C.Stephen Hawking’s.D.The author’s. 75.What is the text mainly about? A.Stephen Hawking and his success over adversity B.Stephen Hawking and his fellows C.The disease Stephen Hawking suffered D.Stephen Hawking’s unique theory

【答案】

【山东省威海市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A You've heard of the fat suit and the pregnancy suit;now meet AGNES—the old person suit. AGNES stands for“Age Gain Now Empathy(换位体验)System”and was designed by researchers at MIT's AgeLab to let you know what it feels like—physically—to be 75 years old.“The business of old age demands new tools,”said Joseph Coughlin,director of the AgeLab.“While focus groups and observations and surveys can help you u nderstand what the older consumer needs and wants,young marketers never get that‘Ah ha!’moment of having difficulty opening a jar, or getting in and out of a car.That’s what AGNES provides.” Coughlin and his team carefully adjusted the suit to make the wearer just as uncomfortable as an old person who has spent a lifetime eating poorly and not doing much exercise.Special shoes provide a feeling of imbalance, while braces on the knees and elbows limit joint mobility. Gloves give the feeling of decreased strength and mobility in the hands and wrists,and earplugs make it difficult to hear high—pitched sounds and soft tones.A helmet with straps(带)attached to it presses the spine(脊柱),and more straps attached to the shoes decrease hamstring flexibility, and shortens the wearer's step. AGNES has been used most recently by a group of students working on a design of an updated walker.By wearing the suit they could see for themselves what design and materials would make the most sense for a physically limited older person.Coughlin said the suit has also been used by clothing companies,c ar companies and retail goods companies to help them understand the limitations of an older consumer. “AGNES is not the destiny of everybody,” he said. “She is a badly behaved lady who didn't eat and exercise very well.A secondary benefit we’ve found with AGNES is that it has become a powerful tool to get younger people to invest in their long-term health.” 56.AGNES has been developed to A.make the users more comfortable . B.1et us understand old people better

C.help old people move more quickly

D.produce new tools for the old-age business .

57.According to the article,young marketers never A.feel the same way as old people do C.ask what old people need and want 58.The 3rd paragraph mainly tells about A.how the AGNES wearer feels C.how old people act

B.see the efforts old people make D.say“Ah ha!”when they meet with difficulty .

B.how AGNES has been developed D.how AGNES works .

59.“An updated walker”(underlined)most likely refers to A.someone who travels a lot B.a physically limited old person C.some equipment that helps old people walk D.a company whose service involves old people

60.Which may be a fact resulting from the“secondary benefit”of AGNES? A.Young people respect old people. C.Old people eat and exercise well. B.Old-age business improves their service· D.Young people eat and exercise well. B Trying to leave work at the office is proving to be a challenge for many British workers, with research showing that heavy workloads,conflicts and bosses all make an appearance in dreams. Work-related issues are the number one topic featuring in dreams,with colleagues invading shut.eye time more than celebrities.More than 20 per cent surveyed admitted that they regularly dream about their boss.One in three dreams about work when they are stressed in their job and a quarter stated that they dream about a colleague if there was a conflict with them earlier that day. Of the 2,000 people surveyed,20 per cent dreamed more if they were under pressure or stressed.The research found that the average person dreams most nights,with only 12 per cent saying they never dream.However, dreams often leave people confused,with 52 per cent saying they do not make sense and 60 per cent wishing they could know what they mean. Commenting on the survey carried out by One Poll for Premier Inn hotels,d reams expert Davina MacKail said:“Whether we are asleep or awake.a problem with a colleague or stress at work can really affect us. More than half of the nation stated that their dreams don’t make sense so I have worked with Premier Inn to make a Dream Dictionary to help dreamers to understand why

they dream what they do and what those dreams mean.” A spokesman for Premier Inn said: “It is really important to try to unwind after a hard day at work but that is easier said than done if something is playing on your mind.” 61.It’s hard for the workers to leave work because they often A.spend the night in their offices C.have very long office hours .

B.sleep with office issues in mind D.have dreams during their work

62.What Can we infer about the British workers? A.Most of their dreams are work-related. B.Some of them dream about work every night. C.They dream of their colleagues more than their boss. D.Their dreams involve work more than anything else. 63.The survey shows that most people A.dream more under pressure C.don’t understand their dreams .

B.never dream at all D.interpret their dreams well .

64.Davina MacKail expects people to use his Dream Dictionary when they A.have had a dream C.feel stressed and need relaxation B.want to prevent dreams D.do research about dreams

65.According to the spokesman for Premier Inn,it’s hard to relax if we A.dream about work while asleep C.have sounds ringing in the mind B.keep thinking hard D.sleep in a noisy environment C



Ma laysia has launched a fleet of women-only taxis, a project that follows pink-coloured train carriages and buses aimed at protecting women from harassment,reports said Sunday.Fifty women taxi drivers have started shuttling greater Kuala Lumpur(吉隆坡)on an on-call basis,and the government hopes the number of special taxis will expand to 400. According to Heng Seai Kei, deputy minister for the state’s Women, Family and Community Development,the taxis made travelling safer for women,as well as providing jobs for women who wanted to be taxi drivers.“We hope it will reduce the number of rape and robbery cases involving taxi drivers and female victims,”Heng said at the launch of the service.The idea was to have taxis that were“driven by women,for women”.

The service would also help create job opportunities for women,especially single mothers, housewives and pensioners,who were looking for another source of income for their family.The ministry and Abex Manufacturing Sdn Bhd are providing training and courses for those who were interested to become female taxi drivers,said Heng. One of the taxi drivers Faridah Idris,38,said the service provided women a safer option to travel in. “Women passengers are normally more comfortable with US. For female drivers, there are always risks when picking up passengers,especially at night.With this project,both female drivers and passengers can feel safer,”she said. Late last year, Malaysia’s state-owned bus company began running female-only buses on several routes in Kuala Lumpur during peak hours to help prevent sexual harassment on crowded public transport.They followed ladies-only pink train carriages launched on the transport system to give the women in the Muslim-majority country the option of travelling separately from men. 66.The underlined word“harassment”in the first paragraph refers to some kind of A.unpleasant service C.environmental pollution B.traffic accident D.bad behavior .

67.What is told about the taxi service in Kuala Lumpur? A.Men drivers can’t take women passengers. B.Men drivers can’t drive the women-only taxis, C.Women drivers Can’t drive ordinary taxis. D.No taxi can mix men and women passengers. 68.The women-only taxi fleet will employ A.only experienced drivers C. some volunteer drivers .

B.only part-time drivers D.some newly-trained drivers .

69.The new information we get from Faridah Idris’ words is that the project can A.provide jobs for more women C.reduce the women drivers’risks B.make women passeng ers safer D.improve the transport service .

70.A women-only transportation tool can probably be recognized easily by its A.sound B.colour C.size D D.shape

The cheapest room and board in Jefferson City, Missouri,over the weekend was at the

county(县)jail(监狱),and 170 people gladly checked in.Cole County charged$30 a night for anyone who volunteered to go behind bars on Friday or Saturday night SO officials could give the new jail a test run before it opened for real this week.People from three states spent the night at the jail,including some lawyers and a couple celebrating their first anniversary. “It was something they could experience without having to get a criminal record,”Cole County Sheriff(治安官)Greg White said. “They spent the night and gained all understanding that they would not want to ever do this again.” Jailers tried to give the citizens the full experience.They were told to give up their jewelry, cell phones, and other personal belongings. They were booked and photographed and led into the jail commons.They could keep their cell doors open,but that trapped feeling was still there bec ause the outer room doors were locked, said Bob Watson, 60, a reporter for the Jefferson City News-Tribune who spent Friday night at the jail.“While it was not a true copy of jail,you got some sense of what it's like to hear that door lock behind you,”Watson said. Two other feelings were boredom and a lack of choice,illustrated by the television being left on one channel and drowned out anyway.by everybody talking. Bed was a steel bunk with a thin mattress(垫)。Overhead,a 40-watt bulb stayed 1it through the night in each cell.Handy for guards to see inmates,but not helpful to good sleep.How about the food? Dinner Friday night included cheesy pasta with turkey bits and coffee cake. “I wouldn’t pay for it in a restaurant,but you won’t die trying to eat it,”Watson said. 71.The 170 people stayed in the county jail to . D.make money

A.make a holiday B.get punishment C.do a research 72.What’s the main idea of the 3rd paragraph?

A.The jailers performed their duty well. B.The jail’s test run proved successful. C.The 170 had the feeling of real prisoners.D.The 170 weren’t treated as real prisoners. 73.The underlined phrase“illustrated by?”is used to A.introduce a new topic C.give an example 74.The l70 people were able to A.make phone calls B.draw a conclusion D.show the result in the county jail. C.go around freely D.chat with others .

B.sleep well

75.How did Watson like the food?

A.He enjoyed it.

B.He didn’t like it.

C.He thought it equaled a restaurant’S.D.He didn’t eat it at all.

【答案】
56~60 BADCD 61~65 BDCAA 66~70 DBDCB 71~75 ACCDB


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