1. ______ blood if you can and many lives will be saved. A. Giving B. Give C. Given D. To give 2. He won the first prize,___ surprised each of us. A. what B. which C. it D.
3. ______ some of this juice, you’ll like it. A. Trying B. Try C. To try D. Tried
一个句子当中，已经存在一个主句 （谓语动词）,又没有连词的情况下 She got off the bus, but left her handbag on her seat. She got off the bus, leaving her handbag on her seat.
找出谓语及非谓语 There have been several new events added to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always offering the same excuse. In the dream Peter saw himself ran after by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly. The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket covering the desert. The Chinese are proud of the 29th Olympic Games to be held in Beijing in 2008.
There have been several new events added to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always offering the same excuse. In the dream Peter found himself ran after by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly. The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket covering the desert. The Chinese are proud of the 29th Olympic Games to be held in Beijing in 2008.
形式 123 用法 456 特殊搭配
done 1. doing having done
to do to have done to be doing 2.
He is the youngest to be working in this office now. He is the youngest to have reached the summit.
done Doing Being done having done having been done to do to be done to have done to have been done to be doing
I decide to continue with my studies . _______________
Reading a book needs time. _________ Lying in bed, I want to read a book. _______ I like the girl ________ nicknamed “Baby rabbit”. I noticed her ________ a book. reading
My hobby is reading. ________
主语4. 宾补5. 状语6.
Seeing is believing. Being caught in rain is a troublesome. To enjoy a cool drink on such a hot day is a pleasure. To be caught in rain in such a dry city may not be so troublesome.
1.感官动词，主要有see，hear，watch， observe，notice，feel，look at，listen to … do /doing /done 2. 使役动词ask, tell, invite, allow… to do sth 3.判断性动词 believe, say, consider, think…to do 4.使役动词 have, make, let…do be had, made, let to do 5. Help …do/to do
1.Singing happily, she entered her garden. 2. Known to everybody, the singer was rather annoyed when he went shopping. 3.Not having received the singer’s reply, the fans wrote another. 4.Having been washed several times, the clothes fade. 5. To get in crops, farmers get up earlier. 6. To be taken prisoner, he said goodbye to his family.
1)不定式作目的状语 He got up early in order to catch the bus. He got up early so as to catch the bus. He got up early to catch the bus. =To / In order to catch the bus, he got up early. 2)作结果状语 He is too young to go to school. He is so young as not to go to school. He is such a young boy as not to go to school.
He hurried to the station (only) to find the train gone. His father disappeared during the war,never to be heard from. 不定式?意外的结果 The flood went by, leaving no houses. doing?自然而然的结果 He arrived later, scolded by his teacher. doing?遭受的结果
Being ill, he couldn’t go to school. doing?动作的原因 Nice to see you. 不定式?感受的原因
固定搭配 1.下列动词只跟动名词作宾语 (a) enjoy, escape, miss, finish, imagine, keep, suggest, avoid, appreciate, stand (b) look forward to, devote…to, get down to, be(get) used to, pay attention to, lead to, stick to, prefer….to… be busy doing
2.以下动词只跟不定式作宾语 want, wish, hope, expect, pretend, manage, promise, refuse, agree, demand, arrange, attempt, choose, determine, decide, happen, offer, prepare, appear, seem, ask, afford, intend, plan, desire
动名词表示经常性、反复发生的动作 不等式表示具体的、某一次的动作 ?跟不定式、动名词意义完全不同 ?remember doing / to do forget doing / to do ?regret doing / to do mean doing / to do ?stop doing / to do go on doing / to do ?try doing / to do ?can’t help doing / to do ?want / need / require doing = to be done ? want /need/require to do
first girl to arrive earliest book to be translated into English ?We consider him to be national hero.
5. It’s no use/no good /useless + doing … It’s kind/wise/clever… of sb to do sth It’s important/hard …for sb to do sth
独立主格结构 He was lying there,covered by a blanket. He was lying there, his face covered by a book. It being Sunday, the library was closed. Time permitting, we’ll go to the zoo.
He went home, with nothing to do. I can’t write, with you looking over my shoulder. We can’t go on, with the plan refused by our government.
一、分析句子结构,辨别“谓与非谓” 1. ______many times , but he still C ______ couldn't understand it . A 2. ______many times , he still couldn't understand it . A. Having been told B. Told
C. He was told D. Though he had been told
非谓语动词虽不能作谓语，但仍具有动 词特点，其逻辑上的动作执行者就叫做 逻辑主语。
Being unhappy, she phones her friend to chat. He wants to rest. She is reading a book found on the way. His being late makes us angry. He being late makes us angry. The birds singing, it is a nice day.
A 1. ________no buses , ___ we have to walk home 2. ______Sunday, __ D I shall have a quiet day at home . A.There being B. It were
C. There were
D. It being
三、分析语态 分析语态就是在确定逻辑主语之后， 分析非谓语动词和逻辑主语在搭配 使用时是主动还是被动关系。
1. The dirty clothes ______ , the ______ B girl hung them up outside . D 2. ______ the dirty clothes _______hung them up ,the girl outside . A.was washed B. washed C.were washed
四、分析时态 C ____ 1. The building ____now will be a restaurant . B next year 2. The building ____ ________ will be a restaurant . D 3. The building ______last year is a ________ restaurant. A.having been built B.to be built