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2015全国高考英语真题汇编之完形填空试题解析


2015 全国高考英语汇编完形填空(完整解析版)
(2015 安徽)In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The 36 is that countries around the world have growing mountains of 37 because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before. How did we 38 a throwaway society? First of all, it is now easier to 39 an object than to spend time and money to repair it. 40 modern manufacturing (制造业) and

technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and 41 . Another cause is our 42 of disposable (一次性的) products. As 43 people, we are always looking for 44 to save time and make our lives easier. Companies 45

thousands of different kinds of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups, and cameras, to name a few. Our appetite for new products also 46 to the problem. We are 47 buying new things. Advertisements persuade us that 48 is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we ones. All around the world, we can see the 50 of this throwaway lifestyle. Mountains of rubbish just keep getting bigger. To 51 the amount of rubbish and to protect the 52 , more governments are requiring people to recycle materials. 53 , this is not enough to solve (解决) our problem. Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our possessions 54 throwing them away. We also need to rethink our attitudes about 55 . Repairing our possessions and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment. 36. A. key 37. A. gifts 38. A. face 39. A. hide B. reason B. rubbish B. become B. control C. project C. debt C. observe C. replace D. problem D. products D. change D. withdraw 49 useful possessions to make room for new

40. A. Thanks to 41. A. safe 42. A. love 43. A. sensitive 44. A. ways 45. A. donate 46. A. adapts 47. A. tired of 48. A. newer 49. A. pick up 50. A. advantages 51. A. show 52. A. technology 53. A. However 54. A. by 55. A. spending 【解析】

B. As to B. funny B. lack B. kind B. places B. receive B. returns B. addicted to B. stronger B. pay for B. purposes C. jobs C. cheap

C. Except for D. powerful

D. Regardless of

C. prevention C. brave

D. division D. busy D. friends D. preserve D. contributes D. ashamed for

C. produce C. responds

C. worried about C. higher C. hold onto C. functions D. larger

D. throw away D. consequences D. measure D. brands D. Meanwhile D. instead of D. Advertising

B. record

C. decrease

B. environment B. Otherwise B. in favour of B. collecting

C. consumers C. Therefore C. after

C. repairing

试题分析:文章主要讲的是堆积如山的垃圾给环境带来的威胁。随着社会的发展,人们倾向 于扔掉用旧物,用新物品取而代之。包装盒等一次性产品给人们带来方便的同时,也给环境 带来很大的压力。 36. D 考查名词辨析。A 答案;B 原因;C 项目;D 问题。根据第二行“the world...”可知, 出现的问题是垃圾堆积如山,故选 D。 37. B 考查名词辨析。A 礼物;B 垃圾;C 债务;D 产品。句意:因为人们现在扔掉很多垃 圾,因此,垃圾堆积成了山,故选 B。 38. B 考查动词辨析。句意:A 面对;B 变得;C 观察,庆祝;D 改变。根据“first of all...” 可知,这里讲的是乱扔垃圾的原因,故选 B。 39. C 考查动词辨析。A 躲藏;B 控制;C 代替;D 撤退,收回。句意:与花时间和钱修理 相比,现在更容易更换物品,故选 C。 40. A 考查短语辨析。A 多亏;B 至于;C 除了;D 不管。句意:多亏了当代制造业和技术, 公司能够更快地生产产品,成本也降低很多,故选 A。

41. C 考查形容词辨析。A 安全的;B 滑稽的;C 便宜的;D 强有力的。根据“inexpensively” 可知,成本降低的话,产品价格相对也会降低,故选 C。 42. A 考查名词辨析。A 爱;B 缺少;C 阻止;D 划分。句意:另一个原因是人们对一次性 产品的钟爱,故选 A。 43. D 考查形容词辨析。 A 敏感的; B 友好的; C 勇敢的; D 忙碌的。 根据“we are aways looking for...”可知,人们总是在节省时间,说明人们很忙碌,故选 D。 44. A 考查名词辨析。A 方法;B 地方;C 工作;D 朋友。a way to do sth 做某事的方法, 是固定搭配,故选 A。 45. C 考查动词辨析。A 捐赠;B 收到;C 生产;D 保存。句意:企业生产大量的一次性产 品,故选 C。 46. D 考查动词辨析。A 适应,改编;B 返回;C 回应;D 做贡献。adapt to 适应;return to 返回,归还;respond to 反应;contribute to 为......做贡献,促成,有助于。句意:人们对 新产品的欲望促成了这一问题,故选 D。 47. B 考查短语辨析。A 厌倦;B 沉迷于;C 担心;D 感到羞耻。根据“appetite”可知,人们 痴迷于购买新产品,故选 B。 48. A 考查形容词比较级。A 更新的;B 更强壮的;C 更高的;D 更大的。句意:广告使人 们相信新的更好,故选 A。 49. D 考查动词短语。A 捡起,学会,车接;B 支付;C 抓住,坚持;D 扔掉。句意:人们 扔掉自己的物品来为新的腾地方,故选 D。 50. D 考查名词辨析。A 有点,有利条件;B 目的;C 功能,作用;D 后果。根据下句可知, 这里指的是乱扔垃圾的后果,故选 D。 51. C 考查动词辨析。A 显示,展示;B 记录;C 减少;D 测量。句意:越来越多的政府要 求人们循环使用物品,这样做是为了减少垃圾,故选 C。 52. B 名词辨析。A 技术;B 环境;C 消费者;D 品牌。要求人们循环利用也是为了保护环 境,故选 B。 53. A 考查副词辨析。A 然而;B 要不然;C 因此;D 同时。句意:然而,只是要求人们循 环利用是远远不够的,故选 A。 54. D 考查介词辨析。A 通过;B 支持;C 在......之后;D 代替,而不是。句意:我们需要 修理我们的财物,而不是扔掉它们,故选 D。 55. C 考查动词辨析。A 花费,度过;B 收集;C 修理;D 宣传。句意:我们也需要重新考

虑对修理的态度,根据下句“repairing...”可知答案,故选 C。 【考点定位】社会类短文阅读 【名师点睛】本篇是一篇比较贴近生活的文章,讲的是一次性产品给环境造成的压力。文章 还建议人们养成循环利用的习惯, 一以此来减少垃圾的产生并减轻环境的压力。 主要考查名 词、动词、形容词和副词的词义和辨析。做题时需要联系前后句和上下文进解题,还要注意 固定搭配。

(2015 北京)A Welcome Gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them 36 side by side at the piano. They played

jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud 37 filled the room and made them feel very happy. The next morning, 38 , their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a 39

under their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario?s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all 40 people and he couldn?t

imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their 41 and apologize for their playing. 42 everyone in person.” his mother said. 43 instead? Dario asked.

“Maybe we could go and

“What if we invited them to come here for a They both loved the prepared desserts 45 44

. Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and their guests. They decorated the apartment with

streamers(彩带) and party lights. Finally, the day of the party 46 . Some guests brought presents. Others brought Dario?s

flowers. Some even brought desserts to 47 . One woman, Mrs. Gilbert, 48 mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

“I heard you playing the other night,” she said. “The sounds woke me out of bed. I 49 that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don?t

think I disliked the playing.” Dario?s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. “I think maybe we 50 you an apology.” she

said. “I didn?t 51 how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music at night. “You play, you play!” Mrs. Gilbert said. “I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.” She pointed to the book she had given them. “These songs are not such 52 music.” “These songs are beautiful music.” Dario?s mother said. “We will be them in the evening.” “And we won?t play so loud or late!” Dario said. He was already looking forward to 54 the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his 55 and made him feel that they were home at 53 to play

mother?s face. It gave him a feeling of last. 36. A. sat 37. A. voice 38. A. therefore 39. A. note 40. A. proud 41. A. neighbors 42. A. blame 43. A. party B. stood B. ring C. lay C. music

D. walked D. cry D. instead D. report D. nice D. audience D. visit D. play D. action D. from

B. however C. otherwise B. poster B. rich C. bill C. lucky C. relatives

B. friends B. instruct B. concert

C. question C. show C. performance

44. A. experience B. idea 45. A. to B. with

C. for B. arrived C. passed

46. A. continued 47. A. order 48. A. treated 49. A. promised 50. A. give 51. A. realize 52. A. sweet 53. A. brave 54. A. changing 55. A. equality

D. finished D. advertise D. served D. worried D. owe D. accept D. loud D. afraid D. writing D. sympathy

B. sell

C. share

B. presented C. helped B. admitted C. agreed B. send C. offer

B. remember C. understand B. strange B. sorry C. funny C. happy

B. practicing C. recording B. freedom C. warmth

37. C 考查名词辨析。 A. voice 声音; B. ring 铃声; C. music 音乐; D. cry 哭声。 考查前文细节 jazzmusic 的原词复现,是音乐充满了房间。故选 C。 38. B 考查副词辨析。A. therefore 因此,所以;B. however 然而;C. otherwise 否则;D. instead 代 替。通过上一段的欢乐幸福气氛和下文的幸福一下子 disappeared 的强烈对比可知, 本处需要一个逻辑关 系为转折的副词,故选 B。 39. A 考查名词辨析。A. note 笔记;B. poster 海报;C. bill 账单;D. report 报告。本题是一道同义词 复现题,通过文章倒数第 5 段处得知,是由 Mrs.Gilbert 留了一张字条,故选 A。 40. D 考查形容词辨析。A. proud 骄傲的,自豪的;B. rich 富裕的;C. lucky 幸运的;D. nice 美好的, 愉快的。主人公想向管理员咨询,哪一位邻居可能是那位留言的抱怨者,由转折词 But 可知管理者也并不 能指出,由此可知大家通常都是通情达理的,故选 D。 41. A 考查名词辨析。 A. neighbors 邻居们; B. friends 朋友们; C. relatives 亲属, 亲戚; D. audiences 听众。此题线索明显,全文都是围绕主人公和周围邻居展开的,故选 A。 42. D 考查动词辨析。 A. blame 归咎于, 指责; B. instruct 通知, 命令; C. question 询问, 质问; D. visit 参观,拜访。由上文可知,母子两人对于扰民之事十分抱歉,想要去道歉,因此 “指责”、“指导”和“质问” 都不符合语境,故选 D。 43. A 考查名词辨析。A. party 聚会;B. concert 音乐会;C. show 展览;D.play 游戏,比赛。此题为 线索题且为原词复现,由后文可知母子为解决此事办了一场派对,并邀请了邻居们,故选 A。 44. B 考查名词辨析。A. experience 经历,经验;B. idea 主意;C. performance 表演;D. action 行 为。此题可排除得知,母子打算办派对,这是一个打算,一个主意,而不是经历、表演表现或行为。故选 B。 45. C 考查介词辨析。A. to 到;B. with 伴随着;for 为了;D. from 来自。 母子办派对,准备了甜点是为了招待客人们,介词 for 有表“为了”的含义,故选 C。 B 考查动词辨析。A. continue 继续;B. arrive 到达;C. pass 通过;D. finish 完成。根据上文,他们 举办了一次聚会,准备许久,这一天终于到来了,故选 B。 C 考查动词辨析。A. order 命令,点菜;B. sell 买;C. share 分享;D. advertise 做广告。根据本句话 的意思:甚至有人带了甜点来分享,故选 C。 48. B 考查动词辨析。A. treat 招待,治疗;B. present 呈现;C. help 帮助;D. serve 为……服务。这 道题有难度,根据本句话的意思:Mrs.Gilbert 送给了 Dario 的妈妈一本音乐书,能表达出“送”这个动作 的,就是 present“呈现…,给…”,故选 B。 49. D 考查动词辨析。 A. promise 承诺; B. admit 许可进入; C. agree 同意; D. serve 服务。 根据题意, Mrs.Gilbert 之所以留了一张抱怨小纸条是担心每天晚上都会这么吵,故选 D。 50. D 考查动词辨析。A. give 给;B. send 发送;C. offer 提供;D. owe 感激,欠……债。这个空可以 看作是固定搭配,owe sb. an apology 应该向某人道歉。故选 D。 51. A 考查动词辨析。A. realize 意识到;B. remember 记起;C. understand 理解, 懂的;D. accept 接 受。Dario 的妈妈道歉说:我也没意识到当时那么晚了我们还在弹钢琴。应该选择“意识到”这个动词,故 选 A。 fcooco.net.cn 试题 Net 中心* 52. D 考查形容词辨析。A. sweet 甜的;B. strange 奇怪的,陌生的;C. funny 滑稽的;D. loud 声音

大的,吵闹的。根据上一句:I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.说明 Mrs. Gilbert 不喜欢 那么吵的音乐,因此她送了 Dario 的妈妈一本比较安静的音乐书,也就是不那么吵的音乐(not such loud music)。故选 D。 53. C 考查形容词辨析。A. brave 勇敢的;B. sorry 抱歉的;C. happy 快乐的;D. afraid 害怕的。通过 上文:These songs are beautiful music, 说明 Dario 的妈妈很喜欢这些音乐,所以 we will be happy to play them。故选 C。 54. B 考查动词辨析。A. change 变化;B. practice 练习,实践;C. record 记录;D. write 写作。根据 题意,应该是练习音乐,故选 B。

(2015 福建)One of the easiest things in the world is to become a fault-finder. However, life can be 36 when you are not busy finding fault with it. Several years ago I 37 a letter from seventeen-year-old Kerry, who described herself as a world-class fault-finder, almost always 38 by things. People were always doing things that annoyed her, and 39 was ever good enough. She was highly self-critical and also found fault with her friends. She became a really 40 person. Unfortunately, it took a horrible accident to change her 41 Her best friend was seriously hurt in a car crash. What made it almost 42 to deal with was that the day before the 43 , Kerry had visited her friend and had spent the whole time criticizing her 44 of boyfriends, the way she wras living, the way she related to her mother, and various other things she felt she needed to 45 It wasn't until her friend was badly hurt that Kerry became 46 her habit of finding fault. Very quickly, she learned to appreciate life rather than to 47 everything so harshly ( 刻薄) . She was able to transfer her new wisdom to other parts of her 48 as well. Perhaps most of us aren't as extreme at fault-finding, 49 when we're honest, we can be sharply 50 of the world. I'm not suggesting you 51 problems, or that you pretend things are 52 than they are, but simply that you learn to allow things to be as they are— 53 most of the time, and especially when it's not a really big 54 . Train yourself to "bite your tongue" , and with a little 55, you'll get really good at letting things go. And when you do, you'll get back your enthusiasm and love for life.

36. A. lonely 37. A. received 38. A. threatened 39. A. anything 40. A. caring 41. A. attitude 42. A. urgent 43. A. occasion 44. A. memory 45. A. hear 46. A. aware of 47. A. discuss 48. A. family 49. A. so 50. A. proud 51. A. face 52. A. rarer 53. A. at least 54. A. task 55. A. practice

B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B.

great answered interrupted everything boring plan unnecessary event notice contribute afraid of realize life or sure create better at last deal speech

C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C.

quiet expected bothered something interesting measure certain accident evidence express curious about judge career but hopeful solve stranger by far result rest

D. D. I). D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D

uneasy rejected spoiled nothing surprising explanation impossible adventure choice admit confused about settle education for critical ignore worse so far duty pity

37. A 考查动词辨析 A.received 接受; B.answered 回答; C.expected 期望; D.rejected 排斥。 几年以前, 我收到一个来自 17 岁女孩 kerry 的信。故选 A 38.C 考查动词辨析 A.threatened 威胁;B.interrupted 打扰;C.bothered 麻烦;D.spoiled 娇惯。这个叫 做 Kerry 的女孩说自己是一个世界级的找错者,她总是被各种事情困扰着。故选 C

39.D 考查不定代词辨析 A.anything 任何事;B.everything 每一件事;C.something 某事;D.nothing 没有 事。人们总是做着那些惹她恼怒的事情,没有一件事是好的,故选 D 40. B 考查形容词辨析 A.caring 关心的; B.boring 糟糕的; C.interesting 有趣的; D.surprising 令人惊奇的。 她 具有高度的自我批评精神,她也会对自己的朋友挑毛病。她成为了一个非常糟糕的人。故选 B 41.A 考查名词辨析 A.attitude 态度;B.plan 计划;C.measure 措施;D.explanation 解释。不幸的,一场 恐怖的事故发生改变了她的态度。故选 A 42.D 考查形容词辨析 A.urgent 经济的;B.unnecessary 不必要的;C.certain 确定的;D.impossible 不可 能的。她最好的朋友在一场车祸中受伤很严重,让事情处理起来变得不可能的事情是,发生事故的前一天 Kerry 拜访了她的朋友…故选 D 43.C 考查名词辨析 A.occasion 场合;B.event 事项;C.accident 事故;D.adventure 冒险。她最好的朋 友在一场车祸中受伤很严重,让事情处理起来变得不可能的事情是,发生事故的前一天,Kerry 拜访了她的 朋友,在这期间全程批评了她选择男朋友的眼光…故选 C 44.D 考查名词辨析 A.memory 记忆;B.notice 注意;C.evidence 证据;D.choice 选择。发生事故的前一 天,Kerry 拜访了她的朋友,在这期间全程批评了她选择男朋友的眼光、她生活的方式、她与母亲联络时候 的方式,还有各种其他她认为她需要表达的…故选 D 45.C 考查动词辨析 A.hear 听;B.contribute 贡献;C.express 表达;D.admit 承认、许可。发生事故的前 一天,Kerry 拜访了她的朋友,在这期间全程批评了她选择男朋友的眼光、她生活的方式、她与母亲联络时 候的方式,还有各种其他她认为她需要表达的。故选 C 46.A 考查短语辨析 A.aware of 注意; B.afraid of 担心;C.curious about 对…好奇;D.confused about 对…迷惑。直到他的朋友受了重伤,Kerry 才注意到她挑毛病的习惯。故选 A

50.D 考查形容词辨析 A.proud 骄傲的;B.sure 确定的;C.hopeful 有希望的;D.critical 批判的。可能我 们中的大多数都不会极端的的寻找错误,但是当我们诚实的面对的时候,我们可以尖锐的批判这个世界。 故选 D 51.D 考查动词辨析 A.face 面对;B.create 创造;C.solve 解决;D.ignore 忽略。我并不是在建议你无视 问题。故选 D 52.B 考查形容词比较级辨析 A.rarer 更稀罕的;B.better #cooco.net。cne 更好的;C.stranger 更奇怪的;D.worse 更坏的。我也不是在建议你假装事物比它们自身更好。故选 B 53.A 考查短语辨析 A.at least 至少;B.at last 最后;C.by far 到现在为止;D.so far 迄今为止。至少在大 多数时间里,你学着容忍事物的原态。故选 A 54.B 考查名词辨析 A.task 任务;B.deal 处理、交易;C.result 计划;D.duty 责任。尤其是当这不是一个 特别大的事情。故选 B 55.A 考查名词辨析 A.practice 实践;B.speech 演讲;C.rest 休息;D.pity 遗憾。训练你自己忍着不说那 些刻薄的话,小小的实践一下,你会变得很擅长放手。故选 A

(2015 广东)How long can human beings live? Most scientists who study old age

think that the human body is ___1___ to live no longer than 120 years. However, 110 years is probably the longest that anyone could hope to live —— if he or she is ___2___ healthy and lucky. Some scientists even say we can live as long as 130 years! Yet, our cells simply cannot continue to reproduce ___3___. They wear out, and as a result, we get old and ___4___ die. Even though we can?t live forever, we are living a ___5___ life than ever before. In 1900, the average American life span (寿命) was only 47 years, but today it is 75 years! When does old age begin then? Sixty-five may be out-of-date as the ___6___ line between middle age and old age. After all, many older people don?t begin to experience physical and mental ___7___ until after age 75. People are living longer because more people ___8___ childhood. Before modern medicine changed the laws of nature, many children died of common childhood ___9___. Now that the chances of dying ___10___ are much lower, the chances of living long are much higher due to better diets and health care. On the whole, our population is getting older. The ___11___ in our population will have lasting effects on our social development and our way of life. Some people fear such changes will be for the worse, while some see ___12___, not disaster, many men and women in their “golden years” are healthy, still active, and young in ___13___ if not in age. As the society grows old, we need the ___14___ of our older citizens. With long lives ahead of them, they need to ___15___ active and devoted. 1. A. designed 2. A. completely 3. A. rapidly 4. A. eventually 5. A. busier 6. A. finishing 7. A. stress 8. A. survive 9. A. problems 10. A. poor B. selected B. generally B. harmlessly B. hopelessly B. longer B. guiding B. damage B. enjoy B. fears B. young C. improved C. apparently C. endlessly C. automatically C. richer C. waiting C. decline C. remember C. worries C. sick D. discovered D. extremely D. separately D. desperately D. happier D. dividing D. failure D. value D. diseases D. quiet

11. A. changes 12. A. dreams 13. A. mind 14. A. protection 15. A. sound

B. recovery B. chances B. appearance B. suggestions B. appear

C. safety C. strengths C. voice C. contributions C. turn

D. increases D. choices D. movement D. permission D. stay

6.D 考查形容词及语境的理解。句意:作为中年和老年的分界线,65 岁可能已经过时了。finishing 完成; guiding 指导,指引;waiting 等待;dividing 划分。根据文意可知,把 65 岁当做中年和老年的分界线,这 已经不适合现在的形势了。dividing line 分界线,故选 D。 7.C 考查名词及语境的理解。 句意: 毕竟, 很多老年人直到 75 岁之后才开始经历身体和精神的衰落。 stress 压 力,压迫;damage 损坏;decline 衰落,衰弱;failure 失败。根据句意可知,现在很多老年人是在 75 岁 之后身体和精神才开始衰弱的,故选 C。 8.A 考查动词及语境的理解。句意:现在人们活得更长因为更多的人从童年中幸存下来。survive 幸存; enjoy 喜欢, 欣赏; remember 记得; value 价值, 估价。 根据这一段的内容和 the chances of living long are much higher due to a better diets and health care 可知,现在的人平均寿命比以前更长的一个原因是人们 从童年的疾病中幸存了下来,故选 A。

9.D 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:在现代医学改变了自然的法则之前,很多孩子死于常见的儿童疾病。 problems 问题;fears 恐惧,害怕;worries 担心;diseases 疾病。根据句意可知,以前的人们因为很多普 遍的儿童疾病而死,所以导致平均寿命比较低。故选 D。 10.B 考查形容词及语境的理解。句意:既然年少夭折的可能性更低了,那么活得更长的机会就更高了,因 为有了更好的饮食和医学护理。poor 穷的;young 年轻的;sick 病的;quiet 安静的。根据这一段的意思 可知,以前人们在小的时候就因为生病死去了,dying young 就是年少死去。故选 B。 11.A 考查名词及语境的理解。 句意: 人口结构的改变会对我们社会的发展和我们的生活方式有持续的影响。 changes 改变;recovery 恢复;safety 安全;increases 增长,增加。根据下文中 Some people fear such changes will…可知,我们现在的人口结构改变了,故选 A。 12.B 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:一些人担心这个改变将会带来一些坏处,然而还有一些人看到的是机 会,而不是灾难。dreams 梦想;chances 机会;strengths 力量;choices 选择。根据句意可知,这句话 中的 @初中 Net 化学 czhx.cooco.net.cng while 表示对比,即跟前一种人不一样的看法,故选 B。 13.A 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:现在,很多处在“黄金年龄”的男士和女士,身体都非常健康,仍然积 极,心态也很年轻。mind 心态;appearance 外表;voice 声音;movement 移动。根据句意可知,这里应 该是说虽然年龄老了,但是心态依然年轻,故选 A。 14.C 考查名词及语境的理解。 句意: 随着我们的社会老龄化, 我们需要这些老年公民们的贡献。 protection 保 护;suggestions 建议;contributions 贡献;permission 允许。根据文意可知,现在的社会逐渐老龄化, 因此老年人也要继续给我们的社会做贡献,故选 C。 15.D 考查动词及语境的理解。句意:前面还有很长的寿命,他们需要保持积极的心态和奉献的精神。 sound 听起来;appear 好像;出现;turn 转,变成;stay 保持。根据文意可知,现在人们的寿命更长了, 因此老年人也要继续保持积极心态,为我们的社会做贡献。故应选 D。

(2015 湖北)“Daily Star, sir” called Jason, carrying some newspapers under his arm. The little boy had been running up and down the street, but there were still twenty_31__left. His voice was almost gone and his heart was_32__. The shops would soon close, and all the people would go home. He would have to go home too, carrying the papers__33_money. He had hoped to sell more papers tonight to make more money to buy a__34_for his mother and some seeds for his bird. That was why he had bought the papers with all his money. He_35__as he thought of his failure to sell all his papers. “You don?t know the __36_of selling papers. You must shout, “Hot news! Bomb bursting!” another newsboy Chad told Jason. “_37__it?s not in the paper at all,” replied Jason. “Just run away quickly__38__they have time to see, and you?ll __39_ out and get your money,”Chad said. It was a new _40__to Jason. He thought of his bird with no__41_and the cake he wanted to buy for his mother, but was__42_that he would not tell a lie. Though he was _43__ a poor newsboy, he had been_44__ some good things.

The next afternoon Jason went to the office for his papers_45__. Several boys were crowding around Chad, who declared with a__46_smile that he sold six dozen the day before. He added that Jason__47_money because he would not tell a lie. The boy _48__at Jason. “You wouldn?t tell a lie yesterday, my boy?” A gentleman at the office came up and patted Jason?s shoulder__49_.”You?re just the boy I am looking for.” A week later Jason started his new__50_. He lost sale of twenty papers because he would not tell a lie, but got a well-paid job because he told the truth. 31.A.shops 32.A.open 33.A.instead of 34.A.cup 35.A.gave in 36.A.difficulty 37.A.And 38.A.before 39.A.call 40.A.edition 41.A.bread B.coins B.heavy B.in return for B.card B.broke down B.process B.But B.since B.drop B.idea B.insects C.people C.pure C.regardless of C.comb C.got away C.goal C.For C.though C.sell C.policy C.seeds C.excited C.just C.awarded C.as usual C.warm C.made C.nodded C.fondly C.job D.papers D.weak D.in exchange for D.cake D.showed up D.secret D.So D.unless D.reach D.task D.water D.determined D.also D.allowed D.on purpose D.polite D.saved D.started D.modestly D.method

42.A.concerned B.amazed 43.A.still 44.A.taught 45.A.at once 46.A.proud 47.A.borrowed 48.A.laughed 49.A.bravely 50.A.duty B.already B.handed B.by chance B.gentle B.lost B.shouted B.grateful B.business

32.B 考查形容词。根据上文可知,小男孩还有 20 份报纸没卖完,因而心情十分沉重。A 项“敞开心扉”;B 项“心情沉重”;C 项“纯粹,纯净”;D 项“虚弱”。故选 B 项。 33.A 考查介词短语。根据下文“…to make more money to…”可知,小男孩准备把剩下的报纸而不是钱带回 家。A 项“代替,而不是”;B 项“作为回报”;C 项“不管,不顾”;D 项“以换取……”。故选 A 项。 34.D 考查名词。根据下文“…and the cake he wanted to buy…”可知,小男孩想挣更多的钱给母亲买一块 蛋糕和鸟食。A 项“茶杯”;B 项“卡片”;C 项“梳子”;D 项“蛋糕”。故选 D 项。 35.B 考查动词短语。 句意: 当他想到没能卖完报纸, 他一下子垮掉了。 A 项“让步, 屈服”; B 项“精神崩溃”; C 项“离开,逃走”;D 项“出现,露面”。故选 B 项。 36.D 考查名词。句意:你不知道卖报纸的秘诀。你必须大喊:“热点新闻!爆炸新闻!”A 项“困难”;B 项“过 程”;C 项“目标”;D 项“秘诀”。故选 D 项。 37.B 考查连词。句意:“(事实上)报纸上根本就没有。”此处语义与上文转折,故用转折连词 but。A 项表 示承接;B 项表示转折;C 项表示原因;D 项表示结果。故选 B 项。 38.A 考查连词。句意:在他们有时间看之前,迅速跑掉。A 项“在……之前”;B 项“自从”;C 项“尽管”;D 项“除非”。故选 A 项。

41.C 考查名词。根据上文“…he wanted to buy a _34_ for his mother and some seeds for his bird” 可知, 此处意为“没有鸟食”。A 项 “面包”;B 项“昆虫”;C 项“鸟食”;D 项“水”。故选 C 项。 42.D 考查形容词。句意:……, 但他坚决不会说谎。A 项 “担心的”;B 项“惊讶的”;C 项“激动的,兴奋的”; D 项“坚定的,坚决的”。故选 D 项。 43.C 考查连词。句意:尽管他仅仅是个贫穷的卖报郎,他受过良好的教育。A 项 “仍然”;B 项“已经”;C 项“仅仅”;D 项“也”。故选 C 项。 44.A 考查动词。根据句意可知,他受过良好的教育。A 项 “教授”;B 项“上交”;C 项“奖励”;D 项“允许”。 故选 A 项。 45.C 考查固定搭配。句意:第二天下午,Jason 像往常一样去邮局取报纸。A 项 “立即”;B 项“偶然”;C 项“像往常一样”;D 项“故意地”。故选 C 项。 46.A 考查形容词。 句意: 好几个男孩都簇拥着 Chad, 他面带微笑, 自豪地宣称: 前一天他卖了 72 份报纸。 A 项 “自豪的”;B 项“温和的”;C 项“温暖的”;D 项“有礼貌的”。故选 A 项。 47.B 考查动词。句意:他补充说道 Jason 因为不愿说谎没挣到钱。A 项 “借”;B 项“失去(没挣到)”;C 项“挣得”;D 项“ e 搜题网 http://cooco.net.cn* 节省”。故选 B 项。 48.A 考查动词。句意:男孩们都对 Jason 嘲笑,“老弟,昨天你不愿撒谎?”。A 项 “嘲笑”;B 项“大叫,大 嚷”;C 项“点头”;D 项“盯着看”。故选 A 项。

49.C 考查副词。 句意: 邮局里的一位绅士走上前来, 喜爱地轻拍了 Jason 的肩膀。 “你就是我在找的男孩。 ”A 项 “勇敢地”;B 项“感激地”;C 项“喜爱地”;D 项“谦虚地”。故选 C 项。 50.C 考查名词。根据下文可知,Jason 获得了一份薪水丰厚的工作。A 项 “责任,义务”;B 项“生意”;C 项“工作”;D 项“方法”。故选 C 项。

(2015 湖南)It was a rainy morning and the children, mainly boys with various learning difficulties, refused to settle for the start of the lesson. As an inexperienced teacher, I tried every means to get them to be 36 , but in vain. my panic was rising 37 of my job as a music

and I could feel my heart beating wildly. This was the

teacher, I thought -- teaching was not for me. Then I had an idea. Hoping that no one would notice that I was 38 inside, I threw my voice as far as it would reach: "Put your 39 ! We are going on a journey."

heads on the desks and close your

40 , the children fell silent. "Now what should I do?" I thought to myself. Reaching over to my collection of CDs, I blindly 41 , put it in the machine and played it.

Obediently (顺从地), my class lay their heads on their desk, closed their eyes and 42 . When the music started, the room as filled with the most beautiful tones and musical colors I could have ever imagined. All the children were I asked them all to raise their 44 43 . When the music finished,

slowly so that we could share our musical journey.

At this point, when all the children were willing to share their experiences, I began to learn how to 45 . The music allow me to learn that teaching is about sharing and

respect, tears and smiles, the knowing and the 46 47 and most of all, an understanding of each other. This was the power that

in the classroom could have. B. safe B. aim B. shaking B. mouths B. Importantly C. kind C. rule C. responding C. books C. Amazingly D. quiet D. plan D. laughing D. doors D.

36. A. glad 37.A. end 38. A. guessing 39. A. eyes 40. A. Punctually Obviously 41. A. passed one on

B. gave one back

C. turned one in

D.

took

one

out 42. A. slept 43. A. talking 44. A. legs shoulders 45. A. teach understand 46. A. unprepared unforgotten 47. A. games knowledge 【解析】 试题分析: 本文讲述了作者一次上音乐课的经历来告诉读者音乐的力量在于它使人们能够相 互理解 36.D;考查形容词。根据第一段的开头:refused to settle for the start of the lesson.和第二 段中的:the children fell silent! 可知文章一开始作者试图开始上课但是教师太吵了。句意: 我试了每一种方法让他们安静下来,但是只是徒劳无功。故选 D 37.A;考查名词。根据后文的:I thought ——teaching was not for me.可知这是作者最后 一次作为音乐老师上课。 句意: 这是我作为音乐老师最后一次上课, 我觉得, 教书不适合我。 故选 A。 38. B;考查动词。 根据前文的: My panic was rising and I could feel my heart beating wildly. 可知此时作者的内心是生气地激动着但是毫无办法, 他试图让学生不去发现他此时的内心的 情绪排山倒海的激动,用 shaking 来表达作者内心难以平息的怒火。故选 B 39.A;考查名词。根据第三段开头:my class lay their heads on their desk, closed their eyes…可知此时作者叫他的学生学生将头放在桌子上然后闭上眼睛,故选 A 40.C;考查副词。A. Punctually 准时地,如期地 B. Importantly 重要地 C. Amazingly 令人 惊讶地 D. Obviously 明显地;可知作者无意识地做法让学生迅速地安静了下来,所以在此 用 amazingly 表示惊讶,故选 C B. music C. tears D. B. unspoken C. unknown D. B. imagine C. play D. B. nodded B. singing B. heads C. waited C. dancing C. arms D. continued D. listening D.

41. D;考查动词词组。 A. passed one on 传了一个 B. Gave one back 给了一个… C. Turned one in 转了一个 D. took one out 拿出一个;句意:触及到我的那些 CD 收藏,我盲目地取 出一张,把它放进机器里然后它放出了声音。故选 D 学优高考网 42.C;考查动词。根据后文的:When the music started, the room was filled with the most beautiful tones and musical colors.可知当作者将音乐放进机器里,学生们趴在自己的桌子 上静静地等着音乐响起来,故选 C 43.D;考查动词。老师在放音乐,当然学生们都在听,listening 放在此较其他选项都比较合 适。故选 D 44.B;考查名词。Raise sb?s head(s)抬起头来。句意:当音乐放完的时候,我要求他们所 有人慢慢地抬起头来,那样的话,我们就可以一起分享我们的音乐之旅。故选 B 45.A;考查动词。根据前文:At this point, when all the children were willing to share their experiences,可知学生们从开始的不愿响应作者到最后跟着作者一起参与其中,这让作者开 始知道怎么教书了,故选 A 46. C;考查形容词。 A. unprepared 为准备好的 B. unspoken 无言的 C. unknown 未知的 D. unforegotten 难忘的;根据前文有 the knowing 已知的,又有 and 连接,可知横向上填 unknown 未知的,构成像前文 tears and smiles 那样的对比,形成对仗,故选 C 47.B;考查名词。根据前文:The music allowed me to learn that teaching is about sharing and respect, tears and smiles, the knowing and the unknown and, most of all, an understanding of each other.可知这些都是音乐的好处,它让我们知道了分享和尊重,泪水 和欢笑,已知与未知,最主要的是它让我们相互了解。所以最后一句作者旨在总结:这就是 课堂音乐所拥有的力量 【考点定位】夹叙夹议的一篇文章 【名师点睛】这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章,没有生词,主要是考查上下文理解和单词理解。需 要正确理解 4 个单词的选项,尤其要注意一些一词多义的地方。也要注意根据上下文的逻 辑关系推断出各个选项的正确答案,如 36,37 题和 39 题;42,43 和 45 题。这是一项综 合运用的能力,有时候也需要结合常识,如 38 题和 40 题;41 题和 43 题。

(2015 全国 1) My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ __41___ my job. Family to Feed.”

At this store, a __42___ like this is not normal. My 10-year-old noticed him and make a __43____ on how bad it must be to have to stand ___44____ in the cold wind. In the store, I asked each of my kids to __45___ something they thought our “friend” there would ___46___. They got apples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested giving him a ___47____. I thought about it. We were ___48__ on cash ourselves, but… well, sometimes __49___ from our need instead of our abundance is ___50__ what we need to do! All the kids __51____ something they could do away with for the week. When we handed him the bag of __52__, he lit up and thanked us with ___53__ eyes. When I handed him the gift card, saying he could use it for __54____his family might need, he burst into tears. This has been a wonderful ___55__ for our family. For days the kids have been looking for others we can __56___! Things would have played out so __57____ if I had simply said, “No, we really don?t have ___58___ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __59___, it also gave my kids the __60____ taste of helping others. It?ll go a long way with them. 41. A. Lost 42. A condition 43. A. suggestion 44. A. outside 45. A. draw 46. A. order 47. A. dollar 48. A. easy 49. A. giving 50. A. yet 51. A. declared 52. A . toys 53. A. sleepy 54. A. whoever B. Changed B. place B. comment B. proudly B. say B. supply B. job B. low B. saving B. even B. shared B. medicine B. watery B. whatever C. Quit C. sight C. decision C. by C. arrange C. appreciate C. hot meal C. soft C. spending C. still C. ignored C. food C. curious C. whichever D. Finished D. show D. call D. angrily D. pick D. discover D. gift card D. loose D. begging D. just D. expected D. clothes D. sharp D. whenever

55. A. experience 56. A. rely on 57. A. suddenly 58. A. time 59. A. fear 60. A. strong

B. example B. respect B. vividly B. power B. love B. sweet

C. message C. learn from C. differently C. patience C. need C. strange

D. adventure D. help D. perfectly D. money D. memory D. simple

文章大意:文章讲述了在周末作者带孩子们去超市,在路上看到一个需要帮助的人。在超市 里作者和孩子买了许多东西给这个需要帮助的人的故事。 41.A。短语 lose one?s job 失业。在路上,我们注意到一个男人握着一张纸,纸上写到:“失 业,需要养家。”故选 A。 42.C。sight 这里指“场景”。在这家商店,像这样的场景并不正常。故选 C。 43.B。make a comment on 对……发表看法。我 10 岁的孩子注意到他,并评论说他一定很 糟糕。故选 B。 44.A。根据常识可知是站在外面,故用 outside。故选 A。 45.D。pick 挑选。在商店里,我要求每一个孩子挑选一些他们认为我们“朋友”可能会需要的 东西。故选 D。 46 B。supply 提供。这里指商店所能提供的东西。故选 B。 47.D。根据下文提示可知,我 17 岁的孩子建议给他一张礼物卡。故 选 D。 48.C。考查短语 be soft on 爱上。我们都彼此相亲相爱。故先 C。 49.A。但是有时给予是来自我们自己的需要。故选 A。 50.D。just 仅仅,只是。仅仅是我们需要做的。故选 D。 51.D。所有的孩子都期望一些他们能买他们能做的东西。故选 D。 52.C。根据上文的 apples, sandwich and a bottle of juice 可知是食物。故选 C。 53.B。watery 潮湿的。带着潮湿的双眼感谢我们。故选 B。 54.B。动词 need 缺少宾语,故用 whatever。故选 B。 55.A。experience 经历。这对我们家庭是一次极好的经历。故选 A。 56.D。help 帮助。多少天来,孩子们一直在寻找我们 能够帮助的其他人。故选 D。 57.C。differently 不同地。事情发生得如此的不同。故选 C。 58.D。money 金钱。我们真的不需要给更多的钱。故选 D。 59.C。in need 在危难中。走出去不仅仅帮助在危难中的兄弟。故先 C。

60.B。sweet 甜的。也给予我孩子们帮助他人的甜头。

( 2015 全国 2 ) Where do you go when you want to learn something?A friend?A tutor?These are all___41__aces of learning.But it may well be that the learning you realy___42__want somewhere else instead. I had the____43__of seeing this first hand on a___44___ Why daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did very well this season and so__45___a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some__46___experiences on Saturday as they played against teams__47___trained. Through the first two games, her__48___did not get on serious shot on goal. As apparent, I__49___seeing my daughter playing her best, __50___ still defeated. IT seemed that something clicked with the__51__between Saturday and Sunday. When they __52__for their Sunday game, they were__53__different. They had begun integrate ( 融合 )the kinds of play and teamwork they had__54__the day before into their__55__.They played aggressively and__56__ scored a goal. It __57__ me that playing against the other team was a great__58__ moment for all the girls on the team. I think it is a general principle. __59__ is the best teacher. The lessons they may not be__60__what they would have gotten in school. But are certainly more

personal and meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own. 41.A.public 42.A.passes 43.A.dream 44.A.trip 45.A.won 46.A.painful 47.A.less 48.A.fans 49. A. imagined 50.A.if 51. A. girls B.traditional B.works B.idea B.holiday B.entered B. strange B. poorly B.tutors B. hated B. or B. parents C.official C.lies C.habit D.special D.ends D.chance

C.weekend D.square C.organized D.watched C. common D. practical C. newly C.class C. avoided C. but D.better D.team D.missed D. as

C. coaches D.viewers

52. A. dressed 53. A. slightly 54.A. seen 55.A.styles 56. A. even 57. A. confused 58. A. touching

B. showed up B. hardly B. known B.training B. still B. struck B. thinking

C. made up D. planned

C. basically D. completely C. heard C.game C. seldom D. read D.rules D. again

C. reminded D. warned C. encouraging D. learning

59. A. Experience B. Independence C. Curiosity D. Interest 60.A.harmful to 【解析】 试题分析:本文通过看女儿参加的一场足球锦标赛,给我们启发,学校里的学习很重要,但 是亲身经历和实践是更好的学习和老师。 41. B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. public 公众的;B. traditional 传统的;C. official 官方的;D. special 特别的; 我们通常会在学校向老师或朋友学习。根据常识可知,这里提 到的应该是传统教育方式。故选 B。 42. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。 A. passes 传递; B. works 起作用; C. lies 在于; D. ends 结束。本句应该分析句子结构:the learning 后是定语从句 you really want,所以这里所填 的是做谓语的动词。真正想要的学习却不在上述的这些地方,在其他的地方。故选 C。 43. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. dream 梦想; B. idea 想法; C. habit 习惯; D. chance 机会。根据下文的故事可知,我女儿的经历让我有机会看到了这样的学习。故选 D。 44. C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. trip 旅行; B. holiday 假期; C. weekend 周末; D. square 广场。从下文的周六的比赛会很艰苦和 It seemed that something clicked with the between Saturday and Sunday.可知,是周末发生的事。故选 C。 45. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. won 赢;B. entered 进入;C. organized 组织;D. watched 观看。从下文可知,女儿所在的足球队打得好所以进入了锦标赛。故选 B。 46. A 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. painful 痛苦的;B. strange 奇怪的;C. common 普通的;D. practical 实用的。由语境可知,对手比作者女儿的队 better trained,可以推断 这将是一场痛苦的比赛。故选 A。 47. D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. less 少于;B. poorly 差的;C. newly 新的;D. better 更好的。根据常识可知,进入锦标赛的一般都是训练更好的队伍。故选 D。 51 B.mixed with C. different from D. applied to

48. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. fans 粉丝; B. tutors 教练; C. class 班; D. team 队。 根据上下文可知,是女儿所在的足球队没进球得分。故选 D。

56. A 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. even 甚至;B. still 仍然;C. seldom 很少;D. again 又。她们和前一场比,打得有闯劲,甚至还得了一分。故选 A。 57. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。 A. confused 使困惑; B. struck 击打; C. reminded 提醒; D. warned 警告。It strike sb.是固定句式,意思是让某人突然想到,符合语境。故选 B。 58. D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. touching 接触;B. thinking 思考;C. encouraging 鼓 励;D. learning 学习。和另一个队比赛也是一个很好的学习的机会。和文章的开头相呼应。 故选 B。 59. A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. Experience 经历; B. Independence 独立; C. Curiosity 好奇;D. Interest 兴趣。结合全文的意思可知,经历是最好的老师。故选 A。 60. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. harmful to 对……有伤害;B. mixed with 混合;C. different from 不同; D. applied to 应用于。 亲身体验得到的东西和在学校里学到的可能不同, 但是更有个性有意义。故选 C。 【考点定位】教育类短文阅读。 【名师点睛】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的短文。这样的短文是大多数考生难以把握的。不过,这

样的文章通常在开头和结尾处点睛,评论。中间叙事。以第三人称的形式转述,一定会有个 人的观点包括在内。 所以考生要认真分析是什么事引发了怎样的思考或评论, 即事件和议论 是两条线。另外平时多做多分析一些这类题会有很大的帮助。

(2015 四川)My previous home had a stand of woods behind it and many animals in the backyard.That first year,I___feeding peanuts to the blue jays,then the squirrels.The squirrels had no____and didn?t escape.When I threw carrot slices(薄片),they even came for a nibble(啃).Slowly they came to____me,and by the end of the year they were eating out of my hand. That second year,the rabbits_____me,and one would even sit up for slices!While I was feeding them,i____that a groundhog who used to run away was now talking an______interest in this food situation.I carefully extended a long______,with a keen eye on those teeth,and ___,there were times I would have the groundhog sitting next to a rabbit,both munching(津津有味的咀嚼) On carrots.Afew months later,while ___20___,she would even turn her back to me.___21_ When she was facing away,I reached out and ___22__scratched(搔)her back with my finger,She Didn?t move. By year three,the rabbits and the groundhog were back.The ground hog ___23__didn?t have a problem with me scratching her back,and I got an ides,I?d always___24__,while sclcing uo carrots,that the end looked like a cap.____25___one day,just to see what she would do ,Igently ____26__ one on top of the groundhog?s head.Again,not a ___27__,The next time, Ihad my camera ready to record what you

see here,one of several dozen such pictures,____28___she had a slice to eat,she never ___29___ the one of her head.It was a fair __30__ —I got a pleasure,and she had yet another tasty treat. 11.A.avoided 12.A.business 13.A.help 14.A.trust B.started B.fun B.cheat B.miss C.canceled C.problem C.threat C.admire D.suggested D.privilege D.exception D.appreciate

15.A.feared 16.A.proved 17.A.extreme 18.A.squirrel 19.A.before long 20.A.eating 21.A.Next 22.A.carefully 23.A.also 24.A.thought 25.A.While 26.A.fixed 27.A.tremble 28.A.Even if 29.A.welcomed 30.A.trade

B.ignored B.decided B.increasing B.rabbit B.long ago B.playing B.Once B.suddenly B.thus B.doubted B.Or B.placed B.move B.Ever since B.required B.competition

C.discovered C.noticed C.additional C.peanut C.over and over C.sitting C.Soon C.violently C.just C.admitted C.So C.hung C.delay C.As far as C.bothered C.task

D.remembered D.understood D.inspiring D.carrot D.all over again D.sleeping D.Lately D.patiently D.still D.recognised D.For D.kept D.hesitation D.So long as D.expected D.affair

17. B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。 A. extreme 极端的; B. increasing 不断增长的; C. additional 额 外的;D. inspiring 鼓舞人心的。根据下文的土拨鼠逐渐不怕作者可知,选择 B,指土拨鼠开始对…越来越 感兴趣。 18. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. squirrel 松鼠;B. rabbit 兔子;C. peanut 花生;D. carrot 胡萝卜。 根据下文的 both munching(津津有味的咀嚼) on carrots.可知选择 D,意为我把胡萝卜伸给土拨鼠吃。 19. A 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A. before long 不久之后;B. long ago 很久之前;C. over and over 一 次又一次;D. all over again 再一次。根据下文可知,土拨鼠不怕作者,故选择 A,指不久之后的情况。 20. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. eating 吃;B. playing 玩;C. sitting 坐;D. sleeping 睡觉。根据 上文可知在津津有味地吃胡萝卜,故选择 A。 21. B 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. Next 下一次;B. Once 曾经、一次;C. Soon 很快;D. Lately 最 近、近来。根据句意选择 B,意为曾经有一次,当她转过身时,…。 22. A 考查副词以及对语境的理解。 A. carefully 仔细地、 小心地; B. suddenly 突然; C. violently 暴力地; D. patiently 有耐心地。根据上文可知,作者是慢慢让动物不再害怕他,故选择 A,指作者小心翼翼地伸出 手去搔她的背。

23. D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. also 也;B. thus 因此;C. just 正好、恰恰;D. still 仍然。根据上 文的 by year three ,可知,到了第三年动物仍然不怕他,故选择 D。 24. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. thought 认为;B. doubted 怀疑;C. admitted 承认;D. recognized 意识。根据下文的 that the end looked like a cap 可知,这是作者的想法,故选择 A。 25. C 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A. While 当…时;B. Or 否则;C. So 因此;D. For 因为。根据上文 可知,作者认为胡萝卜根部像帽子,然后有一天他就把它当帽子用了,故选择 C。 26. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. fixed 安装;B. placed 放置;C. hung 悬挂;D. kept 维持。根据 句意,选择 B,因为作者把胡萝卜根部当帽子戴在土拨鼠的头上,故选择 B。 27. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. tremble 颤抖;B. move 动;C. delay 推延;D. hesitation 犹豫。 根据上文的 again,可知,土拨鼠没有动,故选择 B。 28. D 考查连词以及对语境的理解。 A. Even if 即使; B. Ever since 自从; C. As far as 就…而言; D. So long as 只要。根据意思,选择 D,意为只要有胡萝卜片吃,…。 29. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。 A. welcomed 欢迎; B. required 要求; C. bothered 烦恼; D. expected 期待。根据上文可知,只要她有的吃,她就不会烦恼头上这片了,故选择 C。 30. A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. trade 交易;B. competition 竞争;C. task 任务;D. affair 事务。 根据句意选择 A,意为这是一个公平的交易。

(2015 天津) My fiance (未婚夫) and I were excited about shopping for our first home. But our funds were satisfactory. One agent 17 a house in particular. Although her description sounded wonderful, the price was 19 . We finally did and it was 20 at first sight. It was Our Home, small and charming, 18 our range, so we declined. But she kept urging us to have a look 16 , and none of the houses in our price range seemed

overlooking a quiet lake. Walking through the rooms and talking with the owners, a nice elderly couple, we felt the warmth and 21 of the marriage within that home. As

perfect as it was, the price remained too high for us. But every day, we would sit by the lake, looking at the house and dreaming of Days later, we made a(n) didn?t 24 23 22 it would be like to live there.

—far below the asking price. Surprisingly, they 25 . It was also much more than we could

us. They renewed their offer

afford, but far

26

than the original asking price. 27 message that another buyer had offered a much 28 directly. We made our final offer, 30

The next day, we got a

higher price. Even so, we decided to talk with the which 29

was thousands of dollars less than the other buyer?s bid. We knew it,

we had to try. “Sold!” said the owner. Then he 31 : He?d seen us sitting by the lake all those 32 the years of work

times; he knew how much we loved the place and that we?d they had put into their home; he realized he would take a 33

by selling it to us, but it

was worthwhile; we were the people they wanted to live there. He told us to consider the 34 in the price “an early wedding present.” That?s how we found our home and how I learned that when people are are not strangers, only friends we haven?t yet met. 16. A. needed B. limited C. enough C. sold C. beyond C. at times C. love C. challenge C. that C. promise C. depend on C. aside C. less C. pleasant C. managers C. generally C. for C. criticized C. appreciate C. chance D. what D. profit D. laugh at D. apart D. higher D. regular D. owners D. ever D. but D. explained D. ignore D. lead D. large D. rented D. between D. at hand D. curiosity D. desire 35 they

17. A. recommended B. decorated 18. A. below 19. A. at least 20. A. relief 21. A. pride 22. A. which 23. A. effort 24. A. come across 25. A. instead 26. A. worse 27. A. relaxing 28. A. agents 29. A. already 30. A. so 31. A. apologized 32. A. check 33. A. loss B. within B. at most B. concern B. happiness B. why B. offer B. look after B. indeed B. better B. disappointing B. buyers B. still B. or B. complained B. analyze B. risk

34. A. increase 35. A. kind
【解析】

B. difference B. polite

C. interest C. smart

D. average D. energetic

试题分析:文章大意:作者和未婚夫准备买房结婚,但是资金有限。一次作者对一个房子一见钟情,但价 格仍然很高,但通过最后的努力,作者以很低的价格买到了此房。 1. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.needed 需要的;B.limited 有限的;C.enough 足 够 的;D.large 大的。根据下一句中的 and none of the houses in our price range seemed satisfactory.”可知答案选 B。 2. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.recommended 推荐;B.decorated 装修;C.sold 卖; D.rented 租。根据后句 Although her description sounded wonderful 可知一个代理人特别向我们推荐一栋房子。选 A。 3. C 考查介词以及对语境的理解。A.below 在……下面;B.within 在……里面;C.beyond 超过; D.between 在……之间。根据后句 so we declined.可知价格超过了我们的承受范围。故选 C。 4. A 考查短语以及对语境的理解。A.at least 至少;B.at most 至多;C.at times 有时;D.at hand 在附近。但她不停的催促我们至少去看一看。选 A。 5. C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.relief 欣慰;B.concern 关注;C.love 爱;D.curiosity 好奇。 根据后句 It was Our Home, small and charming, overlooking a quiet lake. 可知我们对此房一见钟情。故选 C。 6. B 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.pride 自豪;B.happiness 快乐;C.challenge 挑战; D.desire 要求。我们感到温馨与快乐。故选 B。 7. D 考查名词性从句以及对语境的理解。A.which 哪一个;B.why 为什么;C.that 那个;D.what 什么。宾语从句中 be like 缺少宾语,故用关系词 what。选 D。 8. B 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.effort 努力;B.offer 提供;C.promise 许诺; D.profit 利润。 根据后句—far below the asking price 可知是 make an offer 出价。选 B。 9. D 考查短语以及对语境的理解。A.come across 偶然遇到;B.look after 照顾;C.depend on 依靠; D.laugh at 嘲笑。令人惊讶的是,他们没有嘲笑我们。选 D。 10. A 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A.instead 相反 B.indeed 的确;C.aside 在……旁;D.apart 分 开地。相反地,他们更新了他们的出价。选 A。 11. C 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.worse 更糟的;B.better 更好的;C.less 更少的;D.higher 更高的。但比原来的要价要少得多。选 C。 12. B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.relaxing 轻松的;B.disappointing 令人失望的;C.pleasant

令人愉快的;D.regular 有规律的。第二天,我们得到一个令人失望的消息。选 B。 13. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.agents 代理人;B.buyers 买方;C.managers 经理;D.owners 物主。因此,我们决定直接跟房东谈。选 D。 14. B 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A.already 已经;B.still 任然;C.generally 普遍地; D.ever 曾 经。我们做出最终的价格,仍然比其他买家出价少很多。故选 B。 15. D 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A.so 如此;B.or 或者;C.for 为了; D.but 但是。前后句为转 折关系,故用连词 but。选 D。 16. D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.apologized 道歉;B.complained 抱怨;C.criticized 指责; D.explained 解释。后面为房主解释的内容。选 D。 17. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。 A. check 检查; B. analyze 分析; C. appreciate 感激; 欣赏; D. ignore 忽视。其原因是我们欣赏他们投入家庭多年的努力。 选 C。 18. A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.loss 损失;B.risk 冒险;C.chance 机会;D.lead 带领。根据 上下文可知把房子卖给我们他将会有损失,所以选 A。 19. B 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. increase 增加; B. difference 不同; C. interest 兴趣; D. average 平均。他告诉我们会考虑把价格的不同作为一份提早的结婚礼物。选 B 20. A 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。 A. kind 热心的; B. polite 有礼貌的; C. smart 漂亮的; D. energetic 精力充沛的。根据后句 they are not strangers, only friends we haven?t yet met. 可知人们是热心的。选 A。

2015 浙江 Since finishing my studies at Harvard and Oxford. I?ve watched one friend after another land high-ranking, high-paying Wall Street jobs. As executives(高级管理人员) with banks, consulting firms, established law firms, and major corporations, many are now 21 on their way to impressive careers. By society?s 22 , they seem to have it made. On the surface, these people seem to be very lucky in life. As they left student life behind, many had a 23 drink at their cheap but friendly local bar, shook hands with

Longtime roommates, and 24 out of small apartments into high buildings. They made reservations atrestaurants where the cost of a bottle of wine 25 a college year?s

monthly rent. They replaced their beloved old car with expensive new sports cars. The thing is, a number of them have happy. Some 27 26 that despite their success, they aren?t

of unfriendly coworkers and feel sad for eight-hour workweeks

devoted to tasks they

28 . Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk

of feeling tired and 29 . However, instead of devoting themselves to their work, they find themselves working to support the 30 to which they have so quickly become 31 . People often speak of trying a more satisfying path, and leaving, their jobs to work for something they 33 32 the end the idea of

or finding a position that would give

them more time with their families almost always leads them to the same conclusion; it? s 34 . They have loans, bills, a mortgage(抵押贷款)to 36 35 , retirement to save for. 37 to step off the

They recognize there?s something track. In a society that tends to 38

in their lives, but it?s

everything in terms of dollars and cents, we learn 39 in financial terms. But what about

form a young age to consider the costs of our the personal and social costs 40

in pursuing money over meaning? These are

exactly the kinds of us tend to ignore — and the very ones we need to consider most. 21. A. much 22. A. policies 23. A. last 24. A. cycled 25. A. shared 26. A. advertised B. never B. standards B. least B. moved B. paid B. witnessed C. hear C. applaud C. warm C. lifestyle C. unique C. instead C. give up C. impossible C. put off C. sinking C. useful C. seldom C. experiments C. second C. slid C. equaled C. admitted D. well D. regulations D. best D. looked D. collected D. demanded D. approve D. neglect D. empty D. project D. available D. rather D. believe in D. unforgettable D. pay off D. shining D. normal

27. A. complain B. dream 28. A. distribute B. hate 29. A. calm 30. A. family 31. A. accustomed 32. A. yet 33. A. let out 34. A. fundamental 35.A. take of 36. A. missing 37. A. harmful B. guilty

B. government B. appointed B. also B. turn in B. practical B. drop off B. inspiring B. hard

38. A. measure 39. A. disasters 40. A. assessed 【解析】

B. suffer B. motivations B. involved

C. digest C. campaigns C. covered

D. deliver D. decisions D. reduced

试题分析:讲述作者大学毕业后在工作和生活体验中理解了成功的真正含义,指出“物质上 的成功和享受并不代表精神的富足和幸福”这一价值趋向。 21.D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。 A. much 意为许多,B. never 意为绝不,C. seldom 意 为很少,D. well 意为很好。根据前一句话“I?ve watched one friend after another land high-ranking, high-paying Wall Street jobs. As executives(高级管理人员) with banks, consulting firms, established law firms, and major corporations,” 意为“我看到一个又一个 朋友晋升,作为银行主管(高级管理人员),咨询机构,律师事务所和大公司,”,不能得 出要表达现在都在职业生涯中过得很好。 22.B 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. policies 意为政策,B. standards 意为标准,C. experiments 意为实验,D. regulations 意为规章制度。根据句意,以当前的标准来看,他 们的确成功了。 23.A 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. last 意为最后的,B. least 意为最少的,C. second 意为第二,D. best 意为最好的。根据第 21 题不难得出生活好了,以后都不会去(这是最后 一次去)这些廉价的酒吧了,也搬到好的地方住了。所以选 A。 24.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. cycled 意为骑车或循环,B. moved 意为搬家,C. slid 意为滑落,D. looked 意为看。根据第 21 题不难得出生活好了,以后都不会去(这是 最后一次去)这些廉价的酒吧了,也搬到好的地方住了。所以选 A。 25.C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. shared 意为分享,B. paid 意为支付, C. equaled

意为等同, D. collected 意为收集, They made reservations atrestaurants where the cost of a bottle of wine 25 a college year?s monthly rent.句意是:生活好了,预订的房间里的酒 价格等同于大学一个月的房租。 26. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. advertise 意为广告,B. witnessed 意为目击,C. admitted 意为承认,D. demanded 意为要求。“The thing is, a number of them have 26

that despite their success, they aren?t happy.” 意为很多人承认,尽管他们很成功,但是很 不开心。

27. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. complain 意为抱怨,B. dream 意为梦想,C. hear 意为听到,D. approve 意为证明。根据上一句的不开心,所以不难得出答案是抱怨。 28. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. distribute 意为分发,B. hate 意为厌恶,C. applaud 意为鼓掌,D. neglect 意为忽略。根据上文的不开心和抱怨,不能得出答案是厌恶。 29. D 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. calm 意为平静,B. guilty 意为有罪的,C. warm 意为温暖, D. empty 意为空的, 累的。 根据前面的 tired 累不能得出答案。 Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk of feeling tired and 29。意为有些人不尊重他们工作 的公司,说累。 30. C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. family 意为家庭,B. government 意为政府,C. lifestyle 意为生活方式,D. project 意为项目。前文提到很多都是生活,如学校生活,工作 生活,结合语境不能得出答案是生活方式。 31. A 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. accustomed 意为习惯的,B. appointed 意为指定 的,C. unique 意为独一无二的,D. available 意为可利用的。“However, instead of devoting themselves to their work, they find themselves working to support the 30 to which they have so quickly become 31. 意为“但是,不是全身心投入于工作,他们发现工作只是支持 生活方式,而且慢慢他们已经对这种方式已经行习惯了。” 32. A 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A. yet 意为但是,表转折,B. also 意为也,表递进, C. instead 意为代替,D. rather 意为相反。此句是长难句。意为:人们总是说走一种满

意的道路, 但是最后, 离开现在的工作去做一些他们相信或者是一种可以和家人在一起的职 务的想法最终都得出一个这样的结论:这是不可能的。根据句意,前后是转折的关系,所以 选 A。 33. D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. let out C. give up 意为发出,B. turn in 意为上交,归还,

意为放弃,D. believe in 意为相信。此句是长难句。意为:人们总是说走一种

满意的道路, 但是最后, 离开现在的工作去做一些他们相信或者是一种可以和家人在一起的 职务的想法最终都得出一个这样的结论:这是不可能的。

39.D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. disasters 意为灾难,B. motivations 意为动机,C. campaigns 意为战役,D. decisions 意为决定。句意为当前的社会,人们趋向于用钱来衡量 所有的事情,我们在很小的时候就知道,应该考虑我们决定 decisions 的经济代价。 40.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。 A. assessed 意为评估, B. involved 意为涉及, C. covered 意为覆盖,D. reduced 意为减少。Involved in 意为参与。句意为:那么,在追求钱高于意 义的情况下,我们的参与的个人以及社会代价呢? 【考点定位】夹叙夹议的一篇文章 【名师点睛】这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章,没有生词,主要是考查上下文理解和单词理解。需 要正确理解 4 个单词的选项,尤其要注意一些一词多义的地方。也要注意题目与题目直接 的关系,如 21 题和 24 题;26,27 和 28 题;32,33 和 34 题。这是一项综合运用的能力, 有时候也需要结合常识,如 35 题。

(2015 重庆)When Alice was sixteen, I was the one who wanted to run away from home. It was 16 to see the changes coming over her. She skipped school, and refused to

communicate. I tried being firm, but it didn?t 17. I saw a dark future for my once sweet daughter. One school day Alice returned home very late. With a quarrel in view. I was surprised to see Alice was 18. “I hope I did the right thing, Mom,”“Alice said. I saw a cat, all bloody but alive. I 19 it to

the vet?s(宠物医院), and was asked to make payment 20 . As I couldn?t reach anyone at the phone number on the cat?s tag(标牌), I had to pay the bill.” In the following days, the owner still couldn?t be 21. Alice paid the vet to continue treatment. I grew 22: what if the family had simply left the cat behind? A week went by. A woman called to speak to Alice. “She is at school,” I said. “You have a 23 daughter,” she said, apparently in tears. Her family had just returned from abroad, and got a (n) 24 from the vet. Their cat was recovering, thanks to Alice?s 25. “We can?t wait to hug Cuddles again,” she sobbed. Upon her return home, Alice was filled with 26 at the news. So was I. I learned through another woman?s eyes that my daughter was still a good person despite her 27 teenage years. Her warm heart would surely guide her in the right direction. 16. A. pleasant 17. A. remain 18. A. annoyed 19. A. carried 20. A. monthly 21.A. trusted 22. A. active 23. A. pretty 24. A. apology 25. A. suggestion 26. A. love 27. A. troubled B. painful B. match B. amused B. followed B. honestly B. contacted B. rude B. grateful B. invitation B. donation B. anger B. long C. unwise C. appear C. worried C. returned C. generously C. persuaded C. anxious C. wonderful C. message C. encouragement C. regret C. boring D. work D. interested D. guided D. immediately D. inspiring

D. satisfied D. proud D. curious D. reply D. help

D. joy D. quiet

【解析】 试题分析:本文讲述的是作者对于处于叛逆期的女儿很是头疼,通过女儿救助小猫的事看到虽然会有一些 问题但女儿还是很好的。 16.B 考查形容词辨析 Apleasant B painful C unwise D inspiring 根据第一句话提到 wanted to ran away form home 可知看到女儿即将到来的变化是十分痛苦的,故选 B 项。

(2015 重庆)Imagine the first days in a new time zone. Slow to respond to the 28 , your body clock is confused. You?re sleepy all day, but when it?s time for bed, you can hardly fall asleep. Obviously you are 29 jet lag(时差反应).

Travelers have traditionally fought this

30

with sleeping pills or alcohol. There

are actually healthier ways that can work just as 31. For example, the moment you get on the airplane, start 32 your biological block . Walking

to the destination?s time. If it?s daytime in your destination, try to stay 33

around the cabin(客舱) can be of help. When it?s nighttime, try to sleep. In that case, eat before the flight, 34 an empty stomach will prevent you from sleeping. These tips will help you start a new 35of sleep and wakefulness. 28. A.flight 29. A.suffering from 30. A.danger 31. A.briefly 32. A.checking 33. A.awake 34. A.though 35. A.understanding B.change B.working on B.problem B.slowly B.sending B.alone B.so B.cycle C.demand C.looking into C.waste C.suddenly C.adjusting C.hungry C.whole C.research D.or D.trend D.climate D.leading to D.fear D.effectively D.stopping D.calm

(2015江苏) I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel?s books in college and was hooked on his positivityfrom that moment on. The stories of his unconventional 36 and the exceptional patients hewrote about were so 37 to me and had such a big 38 on how I saw life from then on.Who knew that so many years later I would look to Dr. Bernie and his CDs again to 39 myown cancer experience? I?m an ambitious 40 , and when I started going through chemo (化疗) , even though I?m avery 41 person, I lost my drive to write. I was just too tired and not in the 42 . One day,while waiting to go in for 43 , I had one of Dr. Bernie?s books in my hand. Another patient44 what I was reading and struck up a conversation with me 45 he had one of his bookswith him as well. It 46 that among other things, he was an eighty-year-old writer. He was47 a published author, and he was currently 48 on a new book.We would see each other at various times and 49 friends. Sometimes he wore a duck hat, andI would tell

myself, he was definitely a(n) 50 of Dr. Bernie. He really put a 51 on my face.He unfortunately 52 last year due to his cancer, 53 he left a deep impression on me andgave me the 54 to pick up my pen again. I 55 to myself, “ If he can do it, then so can I. 36. A. tastes B. ideas C. notes D. memories 37. A. amazing B. shocking C. amusing D. strange 38. A. strike B. push C. challenge D. impact 39. A. learn from B. go over C. get through D. refer to 40. A. reader B. writer C. editor D. doctor 41 . A. positive B. agreeable C. humorous D. honest 42. A. mood B. position C. state D. way 43 . A. advice B. reference C. protection D. treatment 44. A. viewed B. knew C. noticed D. wondered 45. A. while B. because C. although D. providing 46. A. came out B. worked out C. proved out D. turned out 47. A. naturally B. merely C. hopefully D. actually 48. A. deciding B. investing C. working D. relying 49. A. became B. helped C. missed D. visited 50. A. patient B. operator C. fan D. publisher 51 . A. sign B. smile C. mark D. mask 52. A. showed up B. set off C. fell down D. passed away 53 . A. since B. but C. so D. for 54. A. guidance B. trust C. opportunity D. inspiration 55. A. promised B. swore C. thought D. Replied 【解析】试题分析:本文是一篇记叙文。作者读了 Bernie Siegel 的书,深受书中积极人生 观的影响。之后作者不幸身患癌症,病痛的折磨使他放弃了写作,但在治疗期间结识一位同 样受到 Bernie 影响,年迈却仍坚持写作的病友。在病友死后,作者又重新拾起纸笔。 36.B 考查名词。根据首段首句可知,作者读了 Bernie Siegel 的书,深受书中积极人生观的 影响。 此处 unconventional ideas 意为“非传统的观点”与上句中“积极的人生观”呼应。 A 项“口 味”;B 项“观点”;C 项“笔记”;D 项“记忆”。故选 B 项。

37.A 考查形容词。根据上文中“unconventional(非传统的)”和“unexceptional(例外的)” 提示可知,他书中所写的东西对我来说十分惊异。A 项“令人惊异的”;B 项“令人震惊的”;C 项“有趣的”;D 项“奇怪的”。故选 A 项。 38.D 考查名词。have an impact on 为固定搭配,意为“对…有影响”。A 项“打击”;B 项“推, 逼迫”;C 项“挑战”;D 项“影响”。故选 D 项。 39.C 考查动词短语。根据下文可知,作者不幸身患癌症,病痛的折磨使他放弃了写作。但 病友的执着和 Bernie Siegel 积极的人生观让自己又重新拾起纸笔,渡过了这段艰难时期。 A 项“从……中获取经验,汲取教训”;B 项“复习,仔细检查”;C 项“渡过难关”;D 项“提到, 涉及,参考”。故选 C 项。 40.B 考查名词。根据下文中“…, I lost my drive to write”可知,作者是一名抱负的作家。A 项“读者”;B 项“作家”;C 项“编辑”;D 项“医生”。故选 B 项。 41.A 考查形容词。 句意: 尽管我是一个积极的人, 还是失去了写作的动力。 a positive person 与 lost my drive to write 构成让步关系,且与上文 positivity 呼应。 A 项“积极的”;B 项“称 心如意的”;C 项“幽默的”;D 项“诚实的”。故选 A 项。 42.A 考查名词。句意:我就是感觉太累,没有心情去写。in the mood 意为“没有心情去做 事”。A 项“心情”;B 项“位置,职位”;C 项“状态”;D 项“方式”。故选 A 项。 43.D 考查名词。句意:一天,当我在等待治疗时,手里拿着 Bernie 的一本书。A 项“建议”; B 项“提及,参考”;C 项“保护”;D 项“治疗”。故选 D 项。 44.C 考查动词。句意:另外一个病人注意到我在读些什么,主动跟我攀谈起来。A 项 “认 为”;B 项“知道,了解”;C 项 “(无意中)注意到”;D 项 “想知道”。故选 C 项。 45.B 考查连词。句意:该空后是他主动和我攀谈的原因:他身上也有一本 Bernie 的书。A 项表示时间或轻微转折;B 项表示原因;C 项表示让步;D 项表示条件。故选 B 项。 46.D 考查动词短语。除此之外,他是一位八十岁的作家。A 项 “出现,出版”;B 项“锻炼, 解决,制定”;C 项“证明是合适的,令人满意的”;D 项“证明是,结果是”。it turned out that 是固定搭配,意为“结果是……,结果证明……”故选 D 项。 47.D 考查副词。句意:事实上,他是一位撰稿人,目前在写一本新书。A 项 “自然地”;B 项“仅仅”;C 项“有希望地”;D 项“事实上”。故选 D 项。 48.C 考查动词搭配。根据句意可知,他目前在写一本新书。A 项 decide on“决定,确定”; B 项 invest on“投资,花时间在……上”;C 项 work on“从事,忙于”;D 项 rely on“依赖,依 靠”。故选 C 项。

49.A 考查动词。 句意: 我们总是在许多时候见到对方, 成了朋友。 A 项 “成为”; B 项“帮助”; C 项“错过”;D 项“拜访”。故选 A 项。 50.C 考查名词。根据句意可知,他的确是 Bernie 的粉丝。A 项 “病人”;B 项“操作员,接 线员”;C 项“粉丝”;D 项“出版商”。故选 C 项。 51.B 考查名词。根据句意可知,他的举动感染了我,使我在生活中面带微笑。A 项 “标志, 迹象,征兆”;B 项“微笑”;C 项“标记”;D 项“面罩”。故选 B 项。 52.D 考查动词短语。 句意: 他补充说道 Jason 因为不愿说谎没挣到钱。 A 项 “出现, 露面”; B 项“出发,动身”;C 项“跌倒”;D 项“去世(死的委婉表达)”。故选 D 项。 53.B 考查连词。句意:他去年不幸死于癌症,但给我留下了深刻的印象。A 项表示时间;B 项表示转折;C 项表示结果;D 项表示原因。故选 B 项。 54.D 考查名词。句意:他激励我重新拾起纸笔。A 项 “指导”;B 项“信任”;C 项“机会”;D 项“鼓舞,激励,启发”。故选 D 项。 55.C 考查名词。句意:我对自己说:“如果他能做到,我也能。”A 项 “承诺”;B 项“郑重发 誓”;C 项 think to oneself “自言自语”;D 项“回答”。故选 C 项。【考点定位】记叙文阅读

(2015 陕西) Dad had a green comb. He bought it when he married Mum. Every night, he would hand me his I was 26 and say, “Good girl, help Daddy clean it, OK?” . I would

27 to do it. At age five , this dull task brought me such 28 29

excitedly turn the tap

and brush the comb carefully. Satisfied that I?d done a 30 affectionately at me

good job, I would happily return the comb to Dad. He would and place the comb on his wallet. Two years latter, Dad started his own 31 when things started to 32

, which wasn?t doing so well. That was

. Dad didn?t come home as early and as much as he with him for placing our family in trouble. With

used to. Mum and I became 33 34

, an uncomfortable silence grew between us. After my graduation, Dad?s business was getting back on track. On my 28th birthday,

Dad came home 35

. As usually I helped him carry his bags into his study. When I my comb?” I looked at him a

turned to leave, he said ,“Hey, would you help me 36 while, then 37 the comb and headed to the sink. It hit me then: why, as a child, 38

Dad clean his comb was such a pleasure. That 39 the evening with Mum and me. It

routine(习惯) meant Dad was home early to

40

a happy and loving family. I passed the clean comb back to Dad. He smiled at me and 41 placed his comb on

his wallet. But this time , I noticed something next to his eyes when he smiled, 43

42

. Dad had aged. He had wrinkles 44 as before, the

his smile was still as 45 for his family.

smile of a father who just wanted a good 26.A. bag B. wallet C. comb D. brush 27.A. annoyed B. relieved C. ashamed 28.A. joy 29.A. out B. sadness C. courage

D. pleased D. pain

B. over C. in D. on

30.A. stare B. smile C. shout D. laugh 31.A. family B. business 32.A. progress C. task D. journey

B. change C. improve D. form

33.A.satisfied B. delighted C. mad D. strict 34.A. time B. patience 35.A. occasion allyB. early 36.A. sharply B. repair C. speed D. ease D. rarely

C. frequently

C. clean D. keep

37.A. dropped B. took C. handed D. threw 38. A. watching 39. A. find B. letting C. helping D. hearing

B. lose

C. waste C. meant

D. spend D. supported

40.A. affected B. broke 41. A. firmly B. hurriedly 42. A. different

C. casually D. carefully C. interesting D. urgent

B. exciting

43. A. for B. or C. so 44. A. convincing 45. A. origin

D. yet C. cautious D. education D. innocent

B. heartwarming

B. life C. reputation

1.C [考查名词辨析。本文首句说父亲有一把绿色的梳子,所以每天晚上,父亲会把他的梳子递给我让我 去清洗。] 2.D [考查形容词辨析。根据后文的 excitedly 可以看出,作者很乐意帮父亲洗梳子。] 3.A [考查名词辨析。父亲让我洗梳子这件事给五岁的我带来了很多快乐。虽然单调,但是我很乐意这样 做,从后文的 excitedly 可以看出。] 4.D [考查固定搭配。我打开水龙头。turn on 打开。] 5.B [考查名词辨析。我洗完梳子,会很开心地交还给父亲,而父亲会亲切地朝我微笑,并把梳子放入他 的钱包。]

6.B [考查名词辨析。两年后,父亲决定开始自己创业,但是进展的并不是很好。start his own business 开始创业。] 7.B [考查名词辨析。就在父亲开始创业的时候,事情开始发生了变化。父亲不再像往常一样回家早了。] 8.C [考查形容词辨析。因为父亲创业的形势不是很好,我和母亲因为他把我们的家庭陷入了困境中,所 以变得快发疯了,此处表示我和母亲很生气。不可能是满意的,高兴的或者是严格的。] 9.A [考查名词辨析。随着时间的流逝,我们之间有了一种令人不舒适的寂静,这儿指我和父亲不大交流 了。] 10.B [考查副词辨析。我毕业后,父亲的生意开始回到了正轨,在我 28 岁生日那天,父亲早早地回到 了家。] 11. C [考查形容词辨析。 我帮父亲把包拿到了书房, 正要离开, 父亲问我: “你愿意帮我清洗我的梳子吗?” 这是数年前的问法,当然是 clean。] 12.B [考查动词辨析。看了父亲一会儿,我然后把梳子拿过来,去了洗涤槽。take 拿;取。] 13. C [考查动词辨析。 我突然想起: 为什么在我是个小孩子的时候, 帮父亲洗梳子是一件快乐的事情呢?] 14.D [考查动词辨析。那个习惯意味着父亲回家很早,与我和母亲一起度过晚上。spend 度过。] 15.C [考查动词辨析。照应上一句的 meant,那意味着我们是一个快乐有爱的家庭。] 16.D [考查副词辨析。我洗完梳子,还给父亲,父亲朝我微笑着,并小心翼翼地把它放进钱包里。firmly 坚定地;hurriedly 匆忙地;casually 随意地。] 17.A [考查形容词辨析。但是这一次,我注意到一些不同的事情:父亲变老了,当他微笑时,他的眼角 出现了皱纹。] 18.D [考查连词辨析。然而,他的微笑却和以前一样温暖人心。] 19. B [考查形容词辨析。 解析如上。 heartwarming 暖人心的; convincing 令人信服的; cautious 小心的; innocent 无辜的;清白的。] 20.B [考查名词辨析。父亲的微笑仍然是一个想让自己的家人过上快乐生活的父亲的微笑。]


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