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v105 some people claim that the disadvantages of the car are more than the advantages, do you agr ee or disagree? 范文 1 the birth of cars have made an enormous change to our life.in the past,we travel from one pl ace to another only by foot,nowaday,cars can do it .its goes withour saying that the inventi on of cars bring great benefit to all of us.but as proverb goes:no garden without weeds.ca r is not exception. owing a car has a lot of advantages.for one thing,car provide us the most convient way of tr ansportation.we can get around freely without spenting a lot of time.emotionally,i always fo und driving is so exciting.for another,its the comfortable to drive a car.In winter.driver s always can stay warm and dry even in rainy whether,in addition,drivers are usually safe i n their cars when they are out at night. Cars bring the human merits,their side-effects graudually come to the surface.firstly,to ru n a car need a lot of oil,which is getting less and less.the increasing number of cars contr ibute the lacking of energy.secondlly,as more and more cars are used,the traffic ecpeciall y in big cities is getting heaver and heavier,which lead to the serious social problem--traf fic jam.in addition,the inceasing numbers of cars ,which excaust sent a huge quantities of c arbon monoxide into atmosphere.it make the air of cities unbreathabe,it strip people contac t with frensh air. therefore,the new energy should be explored to replace the oil so that our envionmental poll ution can be avioded .and the strick law should be issued to keep the numbers of cars unde r control.thus,our heavier traffic can be solluted!

范文 2 Private cars vs Public traffic As traffic problems become more and more serious in many cities of developed and developin g countries, their governments have to try hard and loads of money and energy have been spen t to deal with them. Firstly, it is not efficient for the commuters to use their private cars to and back from th eir workplaces. Occasionally we can see they have to sit on the wheels wasting time and fue l in a heavy traffic jam. At the same time, through burning the fossil fuels, green house ga s CO2, CO1, acid rain gas SO2, fumes and dusts are being released into the atmosphere, all o f which heavily overload the environment. Thirdly, with the increase of private cars, the ro ad traffic accidents are also rise dramatically. For example, in a city with 5000 cars, ther e will be at least 250 accidents happening everyday, which also burden the public healthy se rvices.

On the contrary, expected public traffic may be an ideal solution to these problems. For exa mple city buses and railways are widely used or being constructed by many cities. People ca n take buses easily, which can be found every 10 minutes or less in the peak time. Actuall y, Nottingham Transport Company is building its own light railway in the city, which is anno unced by the speak man of the company, “It will be completed in the next year, the tickets w ill be very competitive and at the same time the travel will be very safe and comfortable.” On the other hand, public traffic had its own disadvantages. Usually it cannot provide doorto-door service. It is inconvenient to go shopping by public vehicles. Sometimes you must wa it a long time for the train. And quite a lot of people prefer to enjoy driving. In conclusion, developing the public traffic is a useful approach to deal with these difficu lties. One possible way, if not the best, is to taxi private cars heavily and use these reve nues to provide citizens cheaper public traffic services. 范文 3 With the development of science and technology, the cars have already become the important c omponent in our daily life gradually. Cars make our life convenient and swift. However, to o many cars have caused very serious social problems. Some people claim that the disadvantag es of car are more than the advantages. I doubt whether the argument can bear much analysi s. Since one century [ago], the auto industry has [been] developed at full speed worldwide, an d has brought the enormous progresses to our life. For example, the car is the most convenie nt tool of transportation. We can [be] on and off duty by car every day, we can go to trave l by car on the vacation, we can utilize the cars to deal with some emergency too. The ca r [is] playing an important role in our daily life. They make our rhythm of life faster an d faster, make our business become more and more efficient. On the other hand, the development of the automobile has brought a lot of infant industry t o people, Give people countless employment opportunities too. Such as, manufacturing industr y, repairing industry and maintaining industry. We are enjoying the convenience that the car s bring to us; at the same time we can utilize the auto industry to support ourselves.Howeve r, we can not ignore that too many cars cause enormous social problems, for example, traffi c jam, air pollution, traffic accident, to which we have to find a solution. In a word, the cars have brought enormous change to our life; the advantages are far more th an the disadvantages. We should recognize the merit of the cars, and do our best to solve th e problems. If so, our life will be brighter. Version 00106 范文 1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of tobacco been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays, tobacco is more harmful than drug to people’s health, therefore many people think that smoking is legal that is a direct and primary reason to induce this kind of problem. The above point is certainly true; this essay will outline three reasons.

The main reason is that tobacco is a silent killer to smokers. Tobacco is known to be the probable cause of some 25 different diseases, and for some, such as lung cancer, bronchitis and emphysema, it is the main cause. According to a WHO report four million people die yearly from tobacco-relate d diseases, that is one death every eight seconds. Tobacco is significantly becoming a greater cause of death and disability than any other single cause. Another reason is that more and more young people are under 18 years old who smoke cigarett e have been blinded by the deceit of tobacconists. Tobacco among adolescents remains stubbor nly persistent. Smoking among adolescents rose in the 1990s in several developed countrie s, such as China,Vietnam and Thailand . While new markets are being opened by the tobacco i ndustry actions, old markets have not been closed. Tobacco is a global threat. Last but not the least reason is the increase in cigarette smuggling. Because of tobacco smuggling, the legal retailing and distribution systems are badly affected, and faced with increased lawlessness and heavy tax losses. This be havior severely affects the economy. In conclusion, the tobacco should be considered illegal. Perhaps a pack of cigarettes is less harmful than another drug, but tobacco is actually the biggest killer of all the drugs. ================================================= 范文 2 Advertisements of tobacco and those of “smoking is harmful”are often seen together. But there has been an on-going argument about whether or not tobacco should be forbidden and made illegal. I have always believed that smoking should be illegal for the following reasons. First, smoking does great harm to human health and causes many diseases. It is reported that more than 70% of lung cancer sufferers are smokers, and the average life-span of smokers is seven years less than that of nonsmokers. Moreover, it hurts not only smokers, but also the ones around the smokers. Many researchers claim that breathing “second-hand smoke” may be even more harmful than smoking. Second, many social problems and disasters can be attributed to smoking. For instance, many wives cannot bear their husbands’ smoking all the time, which causes many quarrels, or even divorces. Furthermore, the biggest fire disaster in China, the Daxinganling fire disaster, was caused by a burning cigarette end, and the cost of the resulting loss was unimaginable. Last, smoking tobaccos is a main source of air pollution.A magazine said that for every cigarette smoked each day,a whole tree is needed to clean the air. In other words, smoking one less cigar every day equals planting a tree. It is a brilliant contribution to the earth we are living on.

In a word, all the above demonstrate that smoking harms yourselves as well as your neighbors, pollutes the air we ourselves are breathing, and even agitates the social peace. So, in my opinion, tobacco should be strictly forbidden, and smoking should be made illegal. 范文 3 there has long been controversy over the legality and apparent acceptance of tobacco in soci ety .some hold that cigarettes and other tobacco containing products should be banned, tha t is, treated as narcotics.personally,i agree with this point of view for the following reas ons: although cigarettes do not offer as intense an effect as drugs like heroin and cocaine,the y rank higher in the level of dependence it creates in the user.thousands of smokers try t o rid themselves of cigarettes but cannot,because of the physiological dependence they devel oped,chiefly imputable to its chemical nicotine.this explains why smokers continue their hab it despite the numerous health warnings. furthermore,medical science has now proved beyon d a doubt that smoking kills.with all the other causes of preventable deaths such as alcohol, illegal drugs,aids,suicide,road accidents,fire,and guns,cigarettes still account for more pr eventable deaths than all of those combined. more disturbingly,whilst the use of heroin is dangerous solely to the users,the use of tobac co endangers those who are in their vicinity as well. this phenomenon, known as passive smok ing, nulls the counter-argument that putting one's own health at risk through smoking shoul d be up to one's own individual choice.reports have shown that the amount of second-hand smo ke inhaled by a typical nonsmoker is equivalent to one cigarette smoked per day,and what i s more,passive smoking can increase a nonsmoker's chance of getting cancer by ten to thirt y two per cent. there are those who will say that the black market created by outlawing tobacco will produc e deadlier cigarettes because the product standards of the bootleggers are not as high.howev er,we should all bear in mind that legal cigarettes cause roughly four hundred thousand deat hs a year.it is hard to imagine the limited distribution provided by the criminal underworl d could compete with this tragic figure. to sum up, the harm visited upon our society by tobacco usage is substantial.there will be n o solution other than to control tobacco much in the same way that the government now contro ls drugs which could allow people to remain attentive to the seriousness of the effects of t hese substances,and hopefully to prohibit their usage. 范文 4 Apparently, it would seem that tobacco is totally different substance from drugs, and it ca n be used freedom by public. In fact, however, our authority should make tobacco illegal a s well as drugs, and using of tobacco should be controlled strictly.

Tobacco only can be used for research and medical purpose. As far as I am concerned, as a ki nd of dope, tobacco has been widely used to help patients alleviate their pain in surgery. A t the same time, ordinary people should not be allowed to access it legally for two main rea sons. Among countless factors which influence my inclination, there is a most conspicuous one: i t is harmful that smokers addict to tobacco. Many decades ago, scientists have already foun d that there is a definite link between smoking and bronchial troubles, cardiac disease an d lung cancer. More seriously, it not only has negative influence for smokers, but others li ving or working in same surrounding, even the next generation of a smoking pregnant women ma y be harmed by so-called “second hand smoking”. Research shows that sometimes “second han d smoking” is more dangerous than smoking directly, because, at least smokers can get the p rotection from filter tips to some extent. Thus, compared to the hazard of drugs, tobacco ca n involve more other innocent people and harm their health unknowingly. The second aspect relates to the problem that our natural resources and money are wasted sen selessly during the course of planting, transporting and manufacturing tobacco. In light o f a statistics, China consumes nearly 1,000 tons of wood fibers to produce cigarettes annual ly. Besides, the investment absorbed by tobacco manufacturers every year, is enough to solv e all financial troubles that higher education have to face. Obviously, if tobacco is banne d by our governments, it means that considerable money will be saved. In summary, judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at the conclusion th at tobacco should be forbidden as well as drugs except for a few special purposes, such as r esearch and medicine. 补充 With the development of society, our life and working pressure are greater and greater. In t his way, a lot of people have become smokers. Tobacco, as a kind of drugs, prevails in the s ociety. Some people hold the opinion that tobacco should be given freedom be use, but other s, in contrast, deem it should be made illegal as the same way as other drugs and that is al so my point. Medical science proves that smoking can cause the heart diseases, lung cancer, and the immun e system diseases. These diseases are all mankind's healthy enemies. The statistics have sho wed that people who die of the lung cancer, over 90% are smokers. In these smokers, 85% ar e chain smoker. So, obviously, there is enormous danger to the human health in smoking. In addition, smoking not only dangerous to smoker, but also do harm to people at smoker's si de. The tobacco contains a large number of noxious substances, such as nicotine. Just as a f amous physician says, smoking is equivalent to commit suicide chronically. However, the cigarette can really relax our nervous nerve, within short time. People, especi ally, who have heavy working pressure, are prone to produce sense of relying on to cigarett e. Moreover, as everyone knows, a lot of countries impose the heavy taxation to tobacco manu

facturer and seller, thus, if the tobacco business is considered as the illegal activitie s, the revenues of the country will be reduced correspondingly. In a word, the danger to people of cigarette is obvious. Though it can help us flee away fro m pressure, this to use health as cost. Our government should forbid the production of the t obacco, make our world fresh and nonpoisonous.

With the development of society, our life and working pressure are [getting] greater and gre ater. In this way, a lot of people have become smokers. Tobacco, as a kind of drugs, prevails in t he society. Some people hold the opinion that tobacco should be given freedom [to] be [use d, but others, in contrast, deem [that] it should be made [as] illegal as the same way as ot her drugs and that is also my point. Medical science proves that smoking can cause the heart diseases, lung cancer, and the immun e system diseases. [all of these diseases are enemies of mankind's healthy] . The statistic s have showed that people who die of the lung cancer, over 90%, are smokers. [Among] these s mokers, 85% are chain smokers. So, obviously, there is enormous danger to the human health i n smoking. In addition, smoking not only dangerous to smokers, but also [does] harm to people at smoker 's side. The tobacco contains a large number of noxious substances, such as nicotine. Just a s a famous physician says, smoking is equivalent to commit suicide chronically. However, the cigarette can really relax our nervous nerve, within short time. People, especi ally, who have heavy working pressure, are prone to produce sense of relying on to cigarett e. Moreover, as everyone knows, a lot of countries impose the heavy taxation to tobacco manu facturer and seller, thus, if the tobacco business is considered as the illegal activitie s, the revenues of the country will be reduced correspondingly. To sum up, the danger to people of cigarette is obvious. Though it can help us flee away fro m pressure, this to use health as cost. Our government should forbid the production of the t obacco, make our world fresh and nonpoisonous.

Although it is a freedom to use tobacco{烟草} while some people think it should be made ille gal as the same way as other drugs. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What’s your o pinion? A: Tobacco should be made illegal, I agree with this idea personally. I hope most drugs can b e made illegal, because, as far as I know, they are bad to our health. However, currently mo st countries still keep it free to use tobacco, and this situation seems to be very hard t o change in a short time. From my own experience, using tobacco is not a good thing, especially using is for a long ti me. It will lead to many kinds of diseases, more importantly, many of them are fatale. One o

f my friends died from using too much tobacco, and it is believed there are many more peopl e like this. The other thing that I am concerned of is, if a country doesn’t make using tob acco illegal, many young people will have a chance to use it, i.e. students. It is very dang erous, because if someone gets addicted to this when he is very young, he will then almost s urely have a big health problem when he is old. I am happy to see that, although it is free to use tobacco in many countries, most of thos e countries still somehow try not to encourage people using it. For example, tobacco adverti sement is banned in many countries, and for many countries, smoking is banned in public plac es. Overall, most countries are trying to stop the use of tobacco, though it will take somet ime. In my opinion, it is essential to limit the use of tobacco, and I hope everyone doesn’ t use. Version 00108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theaters and sports stadiums; they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agree or not agree? ================================================= 范文 1 Nowadays, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more overt, which ar ouses colossal concerns. To understand the solution, let’s take a closer look at the cause s of the gap at first. The main reason of the gap is the unequal investment between city and rural area. China i s a typical example. While more and more money is being invested to the coastal areas and bi g cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, the lack of investment barriers greatly the societ y development of rural area and western regions The low education level partly sharps the gap. There is no doubt that the prime force of pro ductivity is education. However, because of poverty, thousands of people go to work withou t graduating from primary school. The poorer, the few children go to school. This bad cycl e finally leads to the dream of rich becoming a dream that is hard to realize. Moreover, the rural area is short of people with high quality. A survey proved that most o f university students, whether they come from city or countryside, choose big cities instea d of poor areas to work. The rural area can neither adept talent man nor attract talent ma n. No wonder the gap is increasing largely. Hence, The government ought to knock itself out to decrease the gap as soon as possible. Fir st, balance the investment between city and rural area. In addition, the education level sho uld be improved, especially pay attention on raising high quality people. Besides, let mor e people realize the latent capacity of rural area in order to attract talent and investmen t. The set up of CCTV channel12-western region channel is a good example. Only when the ways mentioned above are realized step by step, can the gap between the citie s and the countryside be bridged.

范文 2

Nowadays, many people argue against the government putting money on building theaters and sports stadiums. They have claimed that medical care and education would benefit the citizens and the country much more. However, I believe it is worth building more theaters and arenas. First, stadiums and arenas provide ideal places for people to have physical exercises and entertainment. After a whole week’s hardworking, people can enjoy a wonderful football game in the weekend, and refresh themselves with a good relaxation there. Moreover, the physical exercises are good for people’s health, which will ease the pressure of medical care. Second, theaters and museums can be used as base areas of culture and his tory education. The British Museum, which is the largest one in the world, provides visitors with knowledge about the world culture and the arts. The visitors to the museum are all overwhelmed by the magnificence of the cultural and historical displays featuring mankind’s achievements. In additio n, the performances shown in the theaters will also greatly enrich the lives o f citizens. People can enjoy ballet, symphony, and Peking Opera in a theater, which contain the soul of Chinese and western cultures. Third, running theaters and stadiums can earn much money.And this amount of money can do great contribution in other fields, including medical care, and education. After winning the Olympic 2008,Beijing made a plan to spend 160 billion RMB building an Olympic Village. This will surely attract many sports fans to China, which would be much rewarded, not only in economy but the whole society. You can tell form my commentary above,since building theaters and stadiums benefit not only individuals but also the state, it is very worthy of these expenses.And the government should speed up the pace of the constructions. 范文 3 An argument often heard these days is that whether or not the government should put money o n building theaters and stadiums. Some believe that instead of spending money on this are a, Medical care and education, both of which are basic developing factors of one country sho uld be spent more money on. After weighting the pros and cons, I disagree with this opinion. Firstly, theaters and stadiums are best choice for people relaxing. Most of workers, especia lly white collar who often feel nervous after one day’s hard work, need to relax both menta lly and physically. Compared with staying at home, it is much better way to stay in comforta ble theater and listen to a wonderful concert. In addition, going to theaters and stadiums affect the same effect as education and medica l care. Having more chances to go to theaters can help them mold character. There is no bett er way to keep healthy than doing proper sports in the daily. In this way, the culture and h ealth will be improved greatly, which plays the same role of education and medical care. Moreover, theaters and stadiums are basis essential facilities to a developed city. Take hol ding an Olympic games as an example, it is no doubt it will take millions of money to buil d stadiums. Why the winner country is proud of that. Because this is a confirmation given b y whole world.

Of course I don’t mean that the more theaters and stadiums, the better society will be, aft er all, nothing can take the important place of medical care and education. In summary, the key point is to keep both of this two part developing. Only in this way, ca n all people live better in future. V108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theaters and sports stadium s; they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agree or not agree? Recently, a criticism often heard is that the government tends to put too much money on buil ding theaters and sports stadiums. They maintain that medical care and education would benef it the citizens and the country much more. However, I advocate building more theaters and ar enas. Numerous circumstances lead to the worth of building theaters and arenas, but here ar e two main reasons: What strikes me most of all is that theaters and sports stadiums provide ideal places for pe ople to build up a world of relaxation. After five days of hardworking, people can refresh t hemselves by taking physical exercises and enjoining a football game there. Meanwhile, exerc ises is to health what water is to fish. The physical exercises can benefit people’s healt h, which will surely ease the pressure of medical care. Moreover, it provides people a goo d opportunity to enter into communion with each other, which will benefit people’s mental h ealth. Beyond this, it is also of paramount importance to use theaters and museums as the “social c lassroom” of culture and history education. The Sydney Opera House, which is the mother an d father of all modern landmark buildings, has come to define not only a city, but also an e ntire nation and continent. The opera house shows the concept of modernism and the never pro perly finished inside provides visitors with a story of its creator Jorn Utzon. In additio n, the performances which contain the soul of human civilization shown in the theaters wil l also greatly enrich the lives of people from all over the world. Certainly, medical care and education both play dominant roles, but building theaters and sp orts stadiums will benefit not only the individual both mentally and physically, but a natio n and continent permanently V108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theaters and sports stadium s; they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agree or not agree? Recently, a criticism often heard is that the government tends to put too much money on buil ding theaters and sports stadiums. They maintain that medical care and education would benef it the citizens and the country much more. However, I advocate building more theaters and ar enas. Numerous circumstances lead to the worth of building theaters and arenas, but here ar e two main reasons: What strikes me most of all is that theaters and sports stadiums provide ideal places for pe ople to build up a world of relaxation. After five days of hardworking, people can refresh t

hemselves by taking physical exercises and enjoining a football game there. Meanwhile, exerc ises is to health what water is to fish. The physical exercises can benefit people’s healt h, which will surely ease the pressure of medical care. Moreover, it provides people a goo d opportunity to enter into communion with each other, which will benefit people’s mental h ealth. Beyond this, it is also of paramount importance to use theaters and museums as the “social c lassroom” of culture and history education. The Sydney Opera House, which is the mother an d father of all modern landmark buildings, has come to define not only a city, but also an e ntire nation and continent. The opera house shows the concept of modernism and the never pro perly finished inside provides visitors with a story of its creator Jorn Utzon. In additio n, the performances which contain the soul of human civilization shown in the theaters wil l also greatly enrich the lives of people from all over the world. Certainly, medical care and education both play dominant roles, but building theaters and sp orts stadiums will benefit not only the individual both mentally and physically, but a natio n and continent permanently V108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theatres and sports stadium s, they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agree or not agree? Government, as the controller of the macroeconomy, usually put large amount of money on buil ding theatres and sports stadiums to stimulate the consumption. Especially when globle econ omy is in recession, stimulation is one of the methods for government to catch the economy’ s fall. However, to my opinion, government should spend more money on medical care and educ ation. For men, health and education are the basic elements for development. We often say health i s the best wealth. rtune. Without health, even if you are a millionaire you will not enjoy your li fe. The society needs more medical care to ensure people to live happily and create more fo This is a physical base for development of society. The spiritual foundation shoul Only with more knowledge, can we catch up with the improvemen d be obtained from education.

t of economy, society and technology. We need healthy people and brilliant minds to chang e our world into a better one. Theatres and sports stadiums are signs for higher standard o f living. Compared with the basic development factors, they are minor. Insufficiency in medical care and education will impose great stress on poor people and prod uce unstable factors for society. If government invested too much on recreational places, i t has to lessen the expenditure on medical care and education since the total amount of dist ributable money will not be changed. Such action will do little influence on riches, but af fect poors greatly. They can’t take out money from their own pockets to see doctors nor pu rsue higher education. Dissatisfaction for government will arise gradually. Then, how lon g the government can exist with the society fluctuated?

To make all people live and work in peace and contentment and to be a long-last power, gover nment should do more to secure people’ basic rights. Establishments for improving living s s tandards are in second place.

v108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theatres or sports stadiums but should spend more money on medical care and education. Do you agree or not agree? Theatres and sports stadiums are facilities with the purpose of enriching people’ s spiritual life. However, some people claim that the government should spend mor e money on medical care and education rather than on such recreational programs. As a matter of fact, these people fail to realize the essence of this issue. I di sagree with this statement for the following reasons. First, with the development of society, the basic material needs for people has m ainly satisfied, a more important task for the government is to improve people’s spiritual life. Human beings differ from other animal species in that we live no t only for prolonging our lives, but also for spiritual pursuit. Second, entertainment projects contribute to the development of economy, as well as collect money to solve people’s basic needs. An typical example can be found in the fact that every country is eager to win the right of hold the Olympics mai nly because of the economic benefits it brings. Another example is that many spor ts and cultural activities have donated a considerable amount of fun for benefic projects. Last but not least, entertainment and cultural services also play an important ro le in education as well as improvement of people’s health. As the living standar d enhance, people tend to not only go to school for education, but also go to the atres to receive another form of education. Sport facilities such as stadiums pro vide opportunities for people to exercise their body. According to the reasons I give above, it can be concluded that entertainment and cultural constructions are worth building. The statement that government shouldn ’t put money on them is invalid. V108 投资剧院运动场---医疗和教育

The reason that government-who is in dispose of public money-is elected primari ly to improve the social welfare of its people. As long as people in a society la ck the basic need, such as medical care or education , the use of public funds to support theatres and sports stadiums is inappropriate-and, perhaps, even cruelwhen one considers all the potential uses of such money. According to the psychological pundit Maslo, human needs can be classified into f ive categories: survival, safety and love, others recognition, self-realization,

and spiritual refinement. Among the five categories, the need for medical care an d education is on the lowest floor of the pyramid and is also crucial. The basic function of theatres and sport stadiums is to give people large extent of pleasure in order to ensure them to work more effectively and efficiently to c ontribute more to the society. While them, classified into the category of spirit ual refinement, is at the pinnacle of the pyramid. If we to realize our spiritual refinement, we should first fulfill our basic need. Or our seemingly resplendent pyramid is on the verge of collapse due to its lack of a solid plinth. The first and foremost step of its aim to fund medical care and education is t o satisfy basic need. In case that such the condition as described in the topic h appened (though very rarely), the government will be overturned. See multitudes o f revolts of peasants in China’s history. Even though people’s basic needs can be fulfilled, the society, especially the g overnment, should not use all its money to the theatres and sports stadiums, a pr oper proportion of the investment must be considered exactly.

Version 00109 the computer are widely used in education and some people think teacher are not play important role in the classroom . to what extend do you agree?(agree/disagree) 范文 1 Computers are widely used in education and some people think teachers are not playing an important role in classroom. To what extent do you agree or disagree? The 21st century is the period of information, in which computers will play an important role in every area of our lives. Recently, computer assisted education has become more and more popular in primary schools, high schools and colleges. The computer’s multimedia abilities make the classes lively and interesting. As a result, some people have said that teachers are no longer playing a significant role in classroom.I can hardly agree with the m. First, it is the teacher who creates the software used in class. For example, the software may be an outline of the teacher’s lecture.If you listen to som e lectures, you will find that the lectures contain far more information than the multimedia software includes. While showing the class, most teachers will expand the knowledge extent, especially adding some latest discoveries and breakthroughs. So, the computer is just an assistant, which makes the class more vivid and clear. Teachers and students are the main part of a class. Second, computers cannot organize activities in class in place of teachers. For example, we often do some group work during classes, and it is the teachers who set the groups and control the time. After checking our homework, teachers will understand what the real weakness of students is, and adjust their classes to improve their teaching, while computers cannot.

Moreover,the interaction between students and teachers is very useful.During the asking and answering of questions, students pose problems and find answers more clearly. But computers, now, have not that intelligence. All in all, although computer technology is developing very quickly and computers can solve more and more problems without people, teachers still play an important role in class. And I insist that, no matter how the technology develops, teachers will be in the front of the classroom forever ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 The computer is widely used in education,and some people think teachers d o not play important roles in the classroom. To what extend do you agree or disagree? In this period of communication,computer has been used in all kinds of fields widely, and plays a particular role in our lives. Especially computer has become more and more important in educational field, therefore dozens of people considered teachers could be replaced computers that will go with the current of the times. The above point is certainly wrong; this essay will outl ine three reasons. The main reason is that people’s brain better than computer. Firstly, people design all kinds of computer’s programs. Secondly, computer doesn’t hav e logistic ideation. Computer only can defend on that designer inputted computer’s programs to judge a question’s right or wrong. In other words, computer can’t defend on thinking that computer independently analyzes a question’s right or wrong. In case, designer inputted programs that are wrong. Computer output the result that also will be wrong. If this kind of problem happened in classroom, students would be infused plenty of wrong information. Another reason is that computer’s programs designed software of education that could be amended difficultly.If software of education of bugs were foun d, commonly these of problems couldn’t be solved in the classroom. The so ftware was amended that means total of program were corrected, not only parts of program were inserted or amended usually. Last but not the least reason is computer is mechanical,it couldn’t be suited all kinds of students and different demands. As students’ intellect is differe nt, same of software couldn’t base on every status of student to set a perf ect project. In conclusion, computers couldn’t instead of the position of teachers in the classroom, however computer is an absolutely good helper for teacher 范文 3 In this IT age, computers are widely used in the classroom in order to enrich the methods o f teaching. This phenomenon gives some the illusion that the thing teaching students is no l onger the teacher but a computer. Personally, I disagree with this opinion.

As another machines, computer doesn’t enable to control itself. Though computers are capabl e of learning from their mistakes and improving on their performance, they need details inst ructions from human being in order to be able to operate. They can never, as it were lead in dependent lives, no mention teaching students. In case a computer lacks the control of a tea cher, there is no difference between a computer and waste. Not only this, but computers, unlike a teacher, can’t solve a variety of new problems. Ever ything is developing in today’s society, including education. For example, a student sudden ly asks a creative question that the computer isn’t programmed for, it can do nothing, whil e teacher can explain clearly though abundant teaching experience. Last but not least, the computer can’t communicate with students from emotion. Such as an e yesight or gesture of teacher can transfer his or her idea and feeling to students. In thi s way, students can feel more human touch in the class. In comparison, the computer is too d ry and dusty to understand. All in all, no matter how nice a computer is, it can’t take the place of teacher. Of cours e, I don’t mean that computer is useless. In contrary, I believe it will become the most po werful assistants to teacher in further. 范文 4 Computer, the most exciting and significant invention in 20 century, will reshape our live s and our world. As a result, some people proclaim that computers should be involved into ou r classroom, and replace the roles of human teachers. However, I cannot agree with their poi nt of view. Admittedly, as the useful tools, computers can become the optimum assistants for human teach ers in the classroom. To beginning, vivid pictures shown on screen can motivate students’ i nterest and curiosity dramatically. Moreover, the combination of computers and Internet ca n provide children the abundant information. Although computers enjoy considerable merits, t hey cannot compare with human teachers for two main reasons. Among countless factors which influence my inclination, there is a most conspicuous one: com puters are not as qualified as human teachers in academic fields. As we all know, students c an get the final result of a mathematic question under the help of computers, however, the y are still confused on the whole computing process. By contrast, our human teachers’ perfo rmance is much better in those cases. They not only can teach students how to analyze and co mpute the question, but also can remind them what are the possible errors that they may mee t. Thus, human teachers are more adequate than computers in academic aspect. The second advantage of human teachers is they can guide students to deal with some psycholo gical problems that they meet in schools. In China, sometimes, teachers even burden many res ponsibilities that students’ parents have. For example, as for the student with rebellious s pirit, the important duty for teachers is to prevent the student from campus violence, eve n crime. Obviously, computers cannot do that.

In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion tha t the positions of human teachers are unshakable, and computers cannot take the places of th em.

范文 5 with the development of new techonology and science,computer are widely used in education.th erefore,some people think we dont need teachers anymore.i totally disagree with the above po int. there is no denying that the computer bring great benefit to people and are of great help t o students.computer can be programmed to simple digits of question,as the students answer th ese digits,their theoritical knowledge can be reinforced. however,in practice and learning of complex questions,computer can never replace the humai n brain or surpass the human intelligence.computer only can tell your the final correct answ er.but it cant provide students opportunity to think over it,which limited their creativity. teaching itself is an art rather than a machnican activity.therefore,teachers function can n ot be neglected. firstlly.computer only can do work according to the procedure fomulated previously.they ca n not answer all question in defferent way.teachers,however,can teach students according the ir attitute.some students who have better ability to accept knowledge,under teachers'guidanc e,can be save time to gain other knowledge. secondly,facing the vivid dilivery from teachers,students can be improved their motivation a nd concentration.the effective communication operated by teachers not only can help student s understand the knowledge,teachers also can teach students how to be a valuable people,whic h cant be done by computer. in addition,various teaching methods can help student absorb the knowledge rapidly.when stud ents meet with the thorny question,teachers not only can explain it in different way,they al so can show them the important deductive process. therefore,i would say teacher is the good compesation for flexiabilly lacting in the compute r.i totally disagree with view that we dont need teachers anymore!

范文 6 “Get up, boy, it is time to go to school.” “I dislike having get up early. I can take an on-line lesson at anytime I like.”

It is a completely ordinary dialogue occurring in modern life. Yes, it is the com puter, whose ever-accelerated updating brings about tremendous changes in our sch

ool lives. A typical application is Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), which ai ds teacher to impart knowledge to student more efficiently by it’s multimedia ch aracters. However, a vigorous debate over the issue whether or not teacher are by no means important in pedagogy field has intrigued the public. In my submission, the computer can be great help of teacher but they can never replace or surpass the position of teacher. I will offer the following reasons. Firstly, CAI are designed and programmed by human instructor. They only condense parts of teacher’s experience and intelligence. Moreover, being a successful ins tructor requires not just these factors but a wealth of experience and interpret new experiences using that information. The computer after all are man-made machi ne. Secondly, the progress of instruction is complicated and complex, and the educati onal achievement of CAI is limited. Some sorts of course, such as basic education al course( 想想什么课程用电脑教不好), are not necessarily to be expressed by the computer to reach productive effect. Finally, communications and interactions with teacher and computer are quite diff erent. The latter is too impersonal, which ruins the pleasure of emotional exchan ges. Sometimes gazing at the cold flickering screen is a disinteresting and tirin g experience. Admittedly, though computer may help teacher to provide student with a richer and more effective learning environment, yet they can not substitute the position of teacher, not only today, but the future.

范文 7

Computer, as the most powerful tool in 21 century, is widely used in education areas. Whethe r computers can instead of teachers become a controversial issue. From my point, I don’t th ink computers can take the place of teachers. First and foremost, computer cannot communicate with students. Every human being has feelin g. Teachers are not only teaching students knowledge but also showing their loves to student s when they are teaching. How to have a conversation with others and how to take care of oth ers can be learned from teachers. For example, teacher can take you to the hospital when yo u are sick. In comparison, computers cannot likely to it. Secondly, computers cannot help students when the get confused. Asking teachers is the bes t way to do when students get any quires. However, computers do not have this function. Stud y is a two-way process, teachers can excite students’ imaginations and fire their creation s. Last but not least, computers cannot organize teaching activities instead of teachers. Tak e England as an example, students need to do a lot of practical experiments, especially in p

hysics and chemistry. When they do these experiments, students usually work together as a gr oup and discuss with teachers. Team work is a very important part to shape students’ person alities. From what has been discussed above, we might safely say that computers can never take the pl ace of teachers. We should always remember that human beings are the host of technology an d computer is a machine no matter how clever it is! (251 words) 媛 范文 8 V109 Computers “V” Teachers

The computer is widely used in education and some people think teachers are not playing an i mportant role in the classroom. To what extend do you agree or disagree? With more and more extensive use of computers in education, some people claim that the impor tance attached to teachers has been jeopardized. Therefore, computers will replace teacher s in the classroom. However, it seems quite clear to me that learning from teachers is the m ost important way that cannot be substituted for students. Naturally, some people maintain that computer should instead of the old way of educatio n. They hold that the strong function of the computer offers a new mode of education, whic h is more interesting, more vivid and more acceptable by children. The students will not fac e to the serious teachers and calm classes any more, which are replaced by a brand-new worl d offered by the Internet. In addition, this can decrease the investment on the foundationa l education and save the human resources and material resources. As an assistant, computers do help teachers with their work, but they can never replace th e important role of a real teacher. The main functions of any computer are storage and calcu lation. It cannot think on its own anyway. All the teaching data stored in computers are th e essence of teaching experience generalized by many teachers during their work. Hence, to a ssist education, what a computer can do is just to repeat the contents summarized by real te achers. In addition, each student has different talents and different defects, and accordingly, the y may come across various problems during their study. Computer programmer designing the sof tware, however, cannot predict these problems. Therefore, a single computer can never solv e these problems without a teacher’s guidance Furthermore, if the significance of teacher has been weakened, the number of teachers may b e decreased, that is to say, many teachers may be laid-off. If such a case comes to realit y, series of social problems will break out, such as the drop of working opportunity which w ill surely make the burden of whole society become heavier and heavier.

In conclusion, although computer-aided-education has spread widely, teachers still play s cr ucial part in the classroom, which cannot and will not be replaced by computer.

范文 9 as the most important invention in the 21 century,computers have windspread in the world,an d the use of it has become the necessity of various spheres both in our work and in our dail y life. although computers are also greatly utilized in the education field,teachers are sti ll playing a crucial part on the platform. personally,i believe that teachers should not b e replaced by computers due to the following reasons. being the architect of humanbeings' moral, teachers shoulder the responsibilities of passin

g knowledge to students as well as shaping them to be real men with good qualities. student s may learn some certain knowledge from computers which are cold and senseless, but good qua lities can only be taught by teachers. at the same time,computers might not give detailed and understandable elaboration of complic ated theories. after judging whether the answers are right or wrong computers fail to tell t hem why they make such mistakes. the problems can only be dealt with by teachers. in addition,some elementary academic exchanges,such as discussion and association,cannot b e organised by computers.nevertheless, teachers ts' learning enthusiasm is greatly activated. above all,computers bring about many significant revolutions in the education field,but teac hers are still the hosts of the classroom.we should always bear in mind that men are the own er of technology and no matter how intelligent the computers are,they are merely man-made ma chines. 范文 10 Along with the mass use of computer technology in education circles, we are delighted to wit ness the uncountable conveniences be brought by computer. Some people even argue that teache r will not be important in classroom any more. Is this reasonable? Personal speaking, I oppo se holding such a ridiculous conclusion. In the first place, the feature of teaching defines teachers as an essential part in educati on. It is well known that teaching is a process of mutual-communication: firstly, teachers i mpart/initiate knowledge or ideas to students, then students should promptly transfer thei r feedback to teachers, moreover, teachers will give students the final interpretation accor ding to their specific requirement. Besides, teachers also can (teach students in accordanc e of their aptitude). In contrast, what computers can do is merely to display materials whic h have already stored in their EMS memory or mechanically execute operator’s commands. We a ctually can not image what our education will being if computers substitute teachers totally. make up the deficiendy.by this means,studen

As to another reason, it seems that teacher’ role as a supervisor is more and more overt. C s omputer is indeed a controversy, it not only can be an efficient education assistant, but al so can become an addiction which includes too much violent and (pornographic propaganda). Yo ungsters do not mature fully in psychology, therefore, without teachers' supervision, many c hildren would spend hours playing computer games or surfing unhealthy websites, which are re garded as a waste of valuable time and intelligence, instead of trying to have a good comman d of knowledge and skills. We never deny that computers are absolutely an available education implements, furthermor e, the combination of teacher and computer technology will greatly improve our education qua lity. However, from all of the grounds of argument mentioned above, we can safely draw a con clusion that teacher will not be replaced by computer in the classroom. 范文 11 v109 The computer are widely used in education,and some people think teacher ar e not play important role in the classroom . To what extend do you agree? Computers nowadays are more and more widely used in education. Hence, some people claim that teachers are no longer playing important roles in the classroom. I co mpletely agree with this statement. Although teacher may be more emotional than c omputers, the later actually far outdoes in educating students, for the following three reasons. First, it is an undoubted fact that computer are more likely to provide sufficien t information to students. Neither a well trained graduate from education institu te nor an experienced teacher can offer more knowledge than an advanced computer. Human brain is more suitable for creative activities, but not in conveying infor mation. As a result of the rapid development in technology, the computer’s capac ity of containing information will become much stronger. Second, computers are more efficient in educating students than teachers, not onl y because they will merely make mistakes, but also due to that the will not feel worn out after a long time of work. It goes without saying that teachers are some times complained to transfer mistaken messages to students. And the latter, lack of enough related knowledge, finally become the victims of such mistakes. Further more, as they were so tired after a whole day working, teachers are often slow in reaction while asked questions by students. Computers, which can never effected by emotional factors, have no such disadvantages. Last but not least, children are becoming more and more familiar with computers w hile they are being taught by this new technology. It’s widely accepted that com puter has become an essential tool for our daily life. Children could learn how t o master it better by the process of being educated by it rather than taking an i ntentional class presented by a teacher. Classroom, as everybody believes, is a p

lace where students learn knowledge and skills, both academic and practical. So i t should be the duty for school to prepare students for the computer-oriented soc iety. All in all, although teachers still contribute to education, we can’t turn a bli nd eye to the fact that they are not important any more compared to another kind of tutors-computers

范文 12 开头: Along with the mass use of computer technology in education circles, we are delighted to wit ness the uncountable conveniences be brought by computer. Some people even argue that teache r will not be important in classroom any more. Is this reasonable? Personal speaking, I oppo se holding such a ridiculous conclusion. 正文: In the first place, the feature of teaching defines teachers as an essential part in educati on. It is well known that teaching is a process of mutual-communication: firstly, teachers i mpart/initiate knowledge or ideas to students, then students should promptly transfer thei r feedback to teachers, moreover, teachers will give students the final interpretation accor ding to their specific requirement. Besides, teachers also can (teach students in accordanc e of their aptitude). In contrast, what computers can do is merely to display materials whic h have already stored in their EMS memory or mechanically execute operator’s commands. We a ctually can not image what our education will being if computers substitute teachers totally. As to another reason, it seems that teacher’ role as a supervisor is more and more overt. C s omputer is indeed a controversy, it not only can be an efficient education assistant, but al so can become an addiction which includes too much violent and (pornographic propaganda). Yo ungsters do not mature fully in psychology, therefore, without teachers' supervision, many c hildren would spend hours playing computer games or surfing unhealthy websites, which are re garded as a waste of valuable time and intelligence, instead of trying to have a good comman d of knowledge and skills. 结尾: We never deny that computers are absolutely an available education implements, furthermor e, the combination of teacher and computer technology will greatly improve our education qua lity. However, from all of the grounds of argument mentioned above, we can safely draw a con clusion that teacher will not be replaced by computer in the classroom.

Version 00111(2003.2.4 日 英国诺丁汗 a 类) Is it nature or nurture that plays a major role in the development of personality? What's yo ur opinion?

范文 1 IN certain respects, children are the same all over the world. But many factors affect the development of children, both parental support and education being major influences. There are vast differences between schooling styles, and parental attitudes towards children, in China and the West. Some of these differences have obvious causes, for example, the "Little Emperor" syndrome in China. Parents everywhere have dreams for their offspring. However, the concentration of energy invested into planning for a child's future is noticeable in China, as it is not diluted by the presence of siblings. This adoration can be seen in other ways. One of the most common is spoiling children, giving them everything they want. Some of the time this is a reward for good work, although there are children who receive all they wa nt merely because they demand it from their parents. Hard work? Parents also have this tendency to spoil children in the West. If a child does start to see itself as the all-deserving star of the Universe,usually its siblings will tease and bully the child until it stops feeling self-important. Another contrast between the upbringing of children in China and the West is in schooling. Without a doubt, Chinese children work harder than their European and American counterparts. Their industriousness is admirable, and in comparison, Western students are lazy. In European countries, teenagers will often have a Saturday job, or holiday job, to supplement their allowance. This is rare in China,where education is considered of paramount importance, and time working detracts from study.The same contrast is true of romantic relationships between teenagers. I spoke to Han Li, a 16-year old student in Huhhot, about boyfriends. She said: "I have no time for a boyfriend, even if I did want one. I must study hard, there is a lot of pressure on me to get good grades and go to university." The style of teaching is very different in China from in the West. The notion of "repeating after a teacher'' seems old-fashioned and redundant in America and Europe. Large class sizes may be the reason for the popularity of this teaching method. In England, any class over 30 is considered large enough to impair learning. However, I have noticed that this parrot-style of learning is being replaced with more progressive methods of education in many Chinese schools. The perfect solution would be to combine Western and Chinese education methods. Combat the laziness and apathy of Western students; encourage initiative within Chinese students, by expecting independent thought as opposed to mindless repetition. As for spoilt kids anywhere, some of these children would benefit from a smack on the bum. Genevieve Roberts graduated from Leeds University, England. She has spent the last eight months teaching in China. Anyone with unusual cultural or

social experiences who wants to share them with us here at 21st Century can send a copy to elt@21stcentury.com.cn. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 There has been an argument on personality and individual’s development fo r a long time. The key point of the dispute is which factor plays a more important role, genes or training after birth? In my opinion, the latter is the crucial complication, though genes are significant. Although genes have great effects on one’s personality, environment plays a more important role in his further development. Let’s take an experiment for instance. There was a research on a couple of identical twins who were born in a big city, but they were separated after birth. One was taken to a poor suburban area, while the other remained in the city. Fifteen years later, surely, the one in city grew tall, strong, extroverted and well educated. By contrast, the other was short, thin, introverted and nearly illiterate. This well demonstrates the importance of nurturing. In addition, education, especially early education, is another key factor.When children are very young, they try to imitate their parents’ behaviors, and run into some manners. After going to school, different education systems an d even different courses students taking will make influence on their personalities and ideas. Students of science and technology subjects are good at logical thinking, while students of arts usually think in terms of imagine. As you can tell from my comments above, no one can choose his nature,but one can be greatly successful after striving for himself or being well educated. And no one can be successful relying on his genes without good environmen t. So, in my opinion, environmental influence and education will ultimately decide one’s personality and development. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 3 Nowhere in the world has the issue of children’s education been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays, many parents let their children attend all kinds of courses that will help children to get a better future; therefore, some people think that the postnatal nurture is more important than the congenital factors for personal growth and progress. The above point is certainly true; this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that success of a child would not be separated from right teaching and personal effort. Currently, lots of famous scientists and politicians gain huge success in the world, as they are long-term to hard work. Moreover, the main reason why plenty of developing countries drop behind is their poor education.

Another reason is that if people do not work hard but only depend on their high intellect, they will be far from successful. For instance, the little Bronte was quite clever during his childhood; he was particularly adept at writing. But he was so satisfied with his superior intellect that he did not study carefully. Finally, he became an idle person. However, his sisters became famous authors as a result of their hard study. They are Charlotte Bronte and Emily Bronte. Charlotte wrote “Jane Eyre “, “Wuthering Heights” was written by Emily. Last but not the least reason is the advantages of natural factors that are more and more similar.Plenty of advanced technological products are invente d and widely used.They can supply people’s gaps.In the past, the difference of mathematical ability was remarkable. With the invention of the calculator, people can hardly find out the difference. In conclusion, scientific and proper teaching is the most significant factor for personal growth and development. If people are satisfied with their advantages, they will become the biggest failures. 范文 4 (278words) Nowadays, most of children are the center of a family, so the issue about which play s major role in personality, nature or nurture, is paid increasing attention by parents. A s to me, I am fond of that molding one's character depends on nurture rather than nature. People's character will affect greatly by the people around them especially their parent s. The survey proves the possibility of commit of person who deleted born in a family whic h have a crime is one to four times higher than the normal family's person's. To image, whe n a child shape character, always have a bad example around him or her, no wonder the crim e possibility is much higher. So just as the saying goes:" he who keeps company with the wol f will learn to howl." Moreover, the growing environment influences child's personality unconsciously. There i s a famous story in China: Aiming to find a willing studying condition, a mother moves for t hree times. They at last move nearby school. From then on, the boy who used to be naughty co rrects his bad habits and changes into a hardworking student. After he grows up, this boy be comes one of the greatest philosophers in Chinese history---Mencius. This story really shows how important role that the environment play in children's personal ity. Of course, we couldn't neglect the effect of nature, such as parents' gene. The child i s a chip off the old block. Some characters proved by medical research have already existe d before human were born. All in all, as for one person's, both nature and nurture influence the development of qu ality. Personally, I believe the nurture can partly make up the shortage of nature. 范文 5 Difference between children's education

By 21ST Published on 2003-01-30 Posted on 2003-02-04 IN certain respects, children are the same all over the world. But many factors affect the d evelopment of children, both parental support and education being major influences. There ar e vast differences between schooling styles, and parental attitudes towards children, in Chi na and the West. Some of these differences have obvious causes, for example, the "Little Emperor" syndrome i n China. Parents everywhere have dreams for their offspring. However, the concentration of e nergy invested into planning for a child's future is noticeable in China, as it is not dilut ed by the presence of siblings. This adoration can be seen in other ways. One of the most common is spoiling children, givin g them everything they want. Some of the time this is a reward for good work, although ther e are children who receive all they want merely because they demand it from their parents. Hard work? Parents also have this tendency to spoil children in the West. If a child does start to se e itself as the all-deserving star of the Universe, usually its siblings will tease and bull y the child until it stops feeling self-important. Another contrast between the upbringing of children in China and the West is in schooling. W ithout a doubt, Chinese children work harder than their European and American counterpart s. Their industriousness is admirable, and in comparison, Western students are lazy. In Euro pean countries, teenagers will often have a Saturday job, or holiday job, to supplement thei r allowance. This is rare in China, where education is considered of paramount importance, a nd time working detracts from study. The same contrast is true of romantic relationships bet ween teenagers. I spoke to Han Li, a 16-year old student in Huhhot, about boyfriends. She sa id: "I have no time for a boyfriend, even if I did want one. I must study hard, there is a l ot of pressure on me to get good grades and go to university." The style of teaching is very different in China from in the West. The notion of "repeatin g after a teacher'' seems old-fashioned and redundant in America and Europe. Large class siz es may be the reason for the popularity of this teaching method. In England, any class ove r 30 is considered large enough to impair learning. However, I have noticed that this parrot -style of learning is being replaced with more progressive methods of education in many Chin ese schools. The perfect solution would be to combine Western and Chinese education methods. Combat the l aziness and apathy of Western students; encourage initiative within Chinese students, by exp ecting independent thought as opposed to mindless repetition. As for spoilt kids anywhere, s ome of these children would benefit from a smack on the bum.

Genevieve Roberts graduated from Leeds University, England. She has spent the last eight mon ths teaching in China. Anyone with unusual cultural or social experiences who wants to shar e them with us here at 21st Century can send a copy to elt@21stcentury.com.cn. By Genevieve Roberts, SPECIAL TO 21ST CENTURY 范文 6 严禁模仿) Introduction ( 38words) Human's endeavor in researching on factors affecting one's personality and development has o ffered quite a amount of proofs. My position may provide you with a clear notion that nurtur e plays a far more important role in one's development. Body 1 (95words) Reportedly there was a maid, a countryside girl with only an educational background of prima ry school, working for an American professor who worked in Shanghai Jiaotong University, Chi na. After two years of stay at the learned and exotic surroundings, amazingly this plain gir l could speak fluent English and started to help the host to receive and send e-mails to hi s students. When the professor left for New York later, soon she sought a post at a multinat ional firm. This example clearly reveals a common truth: appropriate nurture can turn an ave rage person to be competent. (topic sentence) Body 2 (89words) I will then go on to examine my position by offering other facts. It is well believed that o verseas graduates who once furthered their education in foreign universities are taking incr edible places in China because these elites have a broader way of thinking and their bilingu al and creative capabilities have proved themselves much better than domestic ones. In contr ast, some people show their linguistic talent by precisely speaking a variety of dialects bu t still lead a poor life because no foreign language learning process has been conducted fo r them. Conclusion ( 42words) To sum up, the competence of a former maid and the qualities of overseas Chinese students al ready illustrate an undeniable fact: a right way of nurture can mould one to be outstandin g whilst extraordinary nature without nurture is a waste of resource. 范文 7 Which element between nature and nurture plays the major role in children’s personality an d development is always a controversial problem. Of course, which you prefer depends on you r own experience, life style and emotional concern. Here, I would like to illustrate my poin t of view about it. Admittedly, different nature determines people have distinguished starting points in their l ifetime. To beginning, in light of medical research, a person’s blood type has considerabl e influence to his character. General speaking, for example, a person whose blood type i

s A means that his personality is amiable and tender probably. Besides, the physical conditi on, even appearance may influence a person’s development. Statistics shows that beautiful p eople are more confident than others, because they do not need to worry about the prejudic e from public. Obviously, some parts of our personality have been decided when we born. On the other hand, although nature is important during the course of shaping personality, w e cannot ignore another essential element, nurture. There are many factors which affect th e development of children, both parental support and education being vital influence. It i s reported that the kid whose parents are divorced is more likely has psychological trouble s than those with a harmonious family. By contrast, as we all know, good education will posi tively cultivate a person’s personality and improve his self-restraint in a big way. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion tha t partly because of different nature, partly because of different nurture, people have thei r unique personality. 范文 8 For centuries,people have heatedly debated the problem that what runs a more significant position in characteristic and development. At first glance,it would seem that nature is the crucial factor. Closerexamination reveals,however,that nurture makes the determinative effect.Personally,I side with the later opinion.Some reasons as follows can demonstrate my viewpoint. Most important,elder generation's way of actionun fluences much on children's psychology.Because of the small age,kids have little understandings about the condition and they always intimate what their parents do.It is frequent to find that the sons possess the same gestures of walking or eating with the fathers.Meanwhile children are using their parebns' way to think of and deal with matters out of habit. What is more,just as Edison's best-known saying goes:"Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration." Everyone is no exception.The heritage does give out benefit; however, its effect is too limited.Man must make it through hardwork and proper cultivation. In ancient China,Fang Zhongyong, concidered as a child prodigy, had a talented ablity of poem creation.Unfortunatly,he did not acquire a well education,which leaded to the lost of teputatuon ten years later. Last but not least, superior postnatal nurture can bting a promissing development to youngsterds.Numerous aspects o fchildren's personality are formed after the borth such as the view of world and value.The nurture just serves as th ese points as it shows a correct direction to the youngs and tutors them.

From what has been mentioned above, we can safely come to the definitive rture is the most critical ingredient for personality

conclusion that nu

and personal growth.

范文 9

nowaday,variety of language and culture has been lost rapidly,as a matter of fact,the spee d of language and culture dissapear is as fast as the speed of development of society.i woul d rather to give the main reasons for it and explore the good solution to this phenomenon. firstly,its undeniable that the development of new technology and science contribute the res sesion of traditional culture.microwave,for example,save my mother time.throw the prepared a nd forzen food into it,we will have the dinner within a few minutes.but we will not have th e delicious food cooked by my mother.gone foreveris the traditional cooking. secontly,as the economic globalization is being carried out,the traditional culture is bein g under the threat of assimilation.especailly in chinese depress areas,as the western cultur e with investment floods into these nations,.the young people became obbessed with the fres h culture so that they miss very much their own culture.however,culture just like a mirror w hich reflect the value of one country,how can these cultures exist if the young people who a re the hope of one country are tired of learning it? in addition,nowaday the young people whose mother tongue is not english became crazy about l earning english on the ground that english well can ensure them a decent job,a better life. they spent a lot of time in studying english so that they dont have spare time to develop a nd enrich their own language.so,its not surpring that many a language,only spoken by few peo ple,disappear one by one in the mordern society. To sum up,the distinct culture make our world colourful .it is notonly belong to their own c ountry,it also belong to the world.let us cherich our traditonal culture,for it embody the v ery costoms and culture,which sustain our family ,our friendship and our spirital life!

范文 10 some people think the natural gift play the major role in the children's development.in cont rast,other think the nurture is more important than nature .personally,its more advisale t o choose the latter view than the former one. to begin with the Einstein's bestknown saying:the gunius is 1% inspiration ,and 99% prespira tion.even Einstein who is one of most wisest people in the world also have to think and stud y for months before he fomulate the famouse relativity of theory.in addition to it,there i s also a countexample to support my point.in Ming dynasty of china,there was a 3-year-old bo y who was genius at creating a perfect poem within 3 mins.but his father did not provide hi m opportunity to develop his ability,instead,he frequatly took his son to the banquet hold b

y the rich to perform how to make a quict poem in order to earn money.when this genius chil d grew up,his tallents dissappeared just for lacking of right education.so ,i fomulate the t wo important factors for the development of children's personality. firstlly,the success of child would not seperated from round education.as the hebert spense

r's famouse saying:education is has for it abject the information of charactors.its reporte d by scientists that the disble man also can performs as well as the nomal people if they ar e nurtured and educated.the parents as the first teacher and teachers should give proper ins truction and correct guidance to their development. secondlly,indiviial great efforts is indispensable.the many politican and statemans gain suc cess though the great efforts when they were young.there is also countexample.the most succe ssful people may not be the most cleverest people.according to the studies conducted among t he group who was the same class before 10 years,those whose average point is in the middle 5 0 % ,all became the richers and managers.while few of the young people who is upper 10 % bec ame the bosses or excutives.studies show people who do not word hard only depend on their in telligence will be far from the sucess. therefore,the kid is the seed,the nurture is the fertile soil in which the seed can grow wel l.among all ingredients for children's development,round er,individial offort is also indispensable! 范文 11 education is very important,moreov

The contentious issue in the domain of sociology in the past mainly concentrated on postnatal nurture and congenital element still has been steeped in controversy nowadays. The key point of it is, which factor has top priority in personal grow th and progress. On the strength of compelling and convincing research and eviden ce, I prefer the former. This essay will outline the following reasons. In the first place, environment and parents enlightenment play utmost and crucial roles in children’s personalities and further development. When they are young, they often unconsciously imitate parents’ behaviors. As prevailing Chinese slan g says, “Better unborn than unbred”, which connotes that parents should strengt hen the supervision over and education of kids. After accepting education in scho ol, their identities and ideas are deeply affected by diverse instruction system and even distinguishing courses. For instance, students of science are apt at log ical thinking, while students of arts are inclined to thinking in image. Granted that it happens to identical twins, their behaviors are not genetic because life has presented them with different opportunities. In the second place, one with innate intellect uncertainly becomes a genius insom uch as his success owes much to his capabilities and arduous efforts. Take an ins tance of Charlotte Bronte’s brother who was quite bright during his childhood. O

nly did he depend on his superior intellect, so that neglected his study. Finally he became an idle person, while his sister became a famous author as a result of hard study. Even Albert Einstein said, “A genius is that kind of person with 99 percent diligence plus 1 percent intelligence.” so much by talent as by strenuous work. In conclusion, no one can choose his nature, but one can be successful after stri ving for himself and being well educated. Moreover, no one can be triumphant only relying on his genes. Namely, nurture passes nature. 范文 12 V111 Children - Nature or Nurture? Apparently, his success is not

Which one has deeper influence on molding children’s personalities and their development na ture or nurture? In certain respects, children are the same all over the world. But when they grow up, they b ecome quite different. What has caused such considerable changes? I believe nurture plays th e crucial role in personality and development of a child. In another word, the circumstance s surrounding the child are more important to form its character. As an old saying remarked, ‘No man is born wise or learned’. Had nobody taught him, a man w ould even not be able to count from 1 to 10, no matter how talented he were. In fact, a nasc ent infant to who has scarcely given birth, in certain aspects, is just the same as a kitte n being no aware of so-called character. Its nature is to cry for food when it feels hungr y, or cry for release when it feels uncomfortable. That is that. The true story of ‘wolf-ch ild’ can be the best evidence. On the other hand, the parents, teachers, as well as other people around a child, are the ma in builders who develop its personality. Learning from the circumstances, the child forms it s character and concepts of the world. People always say ‘the best horse needs breeding, an d the aptest child needs teaching.’ Without correct guidance, a clear conscience can even g o bad. For instance, a father is a deep drug addict, and in most cases, his son starts thi s dangerous experience very early, by reason of smoky air he has breathed since his childhoo d. Such situation is not rare. On the contrary, we often hear similar news from media. As you can tell from my analysis, among all factors affecting the growth of children, nurtur e is the crucial one, which is much more important than the nature or any other else.

范文 13 Nature or nurture, which one has major influence on our personality and development? This is sue has been widely debated in our country nowadays. As far as I am concerned, I am incline d to support the standpoint that nurture plays a more crucial role in youngster’s developme nt.

To begin with, scientific research has already proved that the intelligence quotient(IQ) w e were born with is not differ from each other too much. We have to admit that the so-calle d whiz-kids could be found are actually seldom. If we want to lead to any success, we need t o rely on postnatal education and self-struggle which are the decisive factors. For exampl e, Edison was regarded as a fool in his primary school. However, he got uneaqualed achieveme nt by his own efforts. In the second place, children’s limited natural gift will disappear soon if his/her nurtur e can not support it sufficient. Only can we say that the advantageous intelligence is a hel pful condition to achievement, but the advantages will not last for long. There is Chinese f able: a boy called zy had some talents in poetry, so his father continuous take him to atten d feast to boast his gift instead of bringing him to school, several years latter, zy have n ot any intelligence in composing poems any more. Therefore, we can find how important does t he parental education and studying environment are! Finally, the concept for success given by Einstein also indicates the essential effect of ed ucation and hardworking. He said: success is equal to 99% of diligence plus only 1% of geniu s. From his notion, we can easily find that the diligence is the indispensable element for p eople’s accomplishments. From all mentioned above, we can safely come to a conclusion that only education and industr y can mould people to be excellent and outstanding, merely depend on So-called nature gifts are absolutely deficiency. 111(别人写的) There is a dispute over what plays a chief role in one’ personality and development. Some m s aintain that it is concluded by the characteristic people born with, whereas others are conf ident that it defers to the experiences people have had in the life. For my part, I tend t o share the latter point of view, and I would like to give two major reasons in the followin g. On one hand, wealth and material status have an import effect on people’s personality. Acco rding to Maslow’s Theory, basic needs is human being’s primary requirement. Without solvin g the basic demand for food and clothes, people’ character is vulnerable to be ruined and c s an hardly develop in other spheres. For example, there were twins born in a poor countrysid e. One of them was adopted by a rich relative and lived in a???? metropolis, but the other s tayed in village. Thirty years later, the urban son grew up into a prosperous professiona l, while the rural one was uneducated and made a hard life. It is different material conditi on that contributes to this contrast. On the other hand, education, particularly the education from one’s childhood to adolescenc e, has a final say on his development. Children are too young to distinguish good from ba d. They ought to be taken under the guidance of parents and teachers. Sensible ideas and dec ent behaviors lead them to become moral persons. Something evil, otherwise, such as violen

t films and drugs, make them stray from the right way. Herewith, people with excellent devel opment are usually well educated. To sum up, diverse contributing factors can be identified, nevertheless, I still insist tha t acquired experiences have much more influence on people’s personality and development. Wh at we must do is making sure that the positive ones are encouraged and the negative ones ar e eliminated as far as possible.

Version 00113 some people think that university should not provide theoretical knowledge, but to give practical training benefit t o society. do you agree or disagree. use your own experience and knowledge to support your idea. 范文 1 Most universities and colleges spend a rather long period in fundamental theories and elementary courses. But students regard these kinds of knowledge useless, and pay less attention to them. They suggest school pay more time for practical training instead of providing theoretical lessons. In my opinion, however, theoretical knowledge is necessary. And one will definitely benefit from it. First, fundamental theories, such as math and physics, are the basis of other knowledge. To a student who majors in automatic control, the course of control system is the most practical and useful in the future. But if he isn’t good at math and circuit, he will hardly be able to understand the principles and methods of how to control a subject or process. It is just like constructing a building. How can you imagine a spectacular high-rise without a firm groundsill? That is, theories and practices are interrelated. We can ignore neither of them. Second, theoretical basic knowledge provides not only the knowledge itself, but also a way that how to learn and research. University is a place for scientific research and invention. So it is necessary for students to have the skill of doing research. Seeing from another angle, science and techniques are exploding so quickly that present skills will soon be out of date. If one learnt nothing except practical skills, he would also fall behind the society. But if one could master the method of research, he would be able to refresh himself continuously with advanced technology. From all the commentaries above, we can learn the important role of theoretical knowledge. Although pragmatism is very popular today, we should pay enough attention to the basis and principles. 范文 2 Nowhere in the world has the issue of student been so much debated as in our society. In this competitive society, ability of work and employment

experience have become very important features of ordinary students’ futur e; therefore, many people think that university should teach students the rea l knowledge that comes from practice and direct experience. The above point is certainly wrong; this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that students’ study will be delayed and disadvantaged. The academic knowledge of students will be hard to make greater progress in order to practical training and employment experience. In this special period of life, students have the best memory and intellect. If they do not work hard at study, they will lose it that could be balanced by neither good employment experience nor information of outside classroom. If students choose to carefully study academic knowledge in the university, they would gain a better future. Another reason is that current knowledge of students is not enough capable to face practical training’s requirements. If students are not taught professional theoretical knowledge, they just depend on the basal academic knowledge that they studied in the high school. In fact, they are really difficult to progress real practical training and gain abundant employment experience. Last but not the least reason is the professional theoretical knowledge that it is necessary to work of future. For instance, when I graduated from university, I did not have any employment experience. But, I was hired a famous network company. I could gain this work chance, only, because of my professional theoretical knowledge. In conclusion, the students ought to only study theoretical knowledge in the university. It is unnecessary to let university that provides plenty of practical training 范文 3 Which kind of courses should universities provide: theoretical knowledge or practical traini ng? Some people prefer the later one and assert that the practical training can benefit ou r society. Personally, I strongly disagree with their point of view for three reasons. Among countless factors which influence my propensity, there is a most conspicuous one: prac tical experience should be accumulated in society, not in universities. I can think of no be tter illustration than the saying: “society is another kind of university” (Mao Zedong). L iterarily, in society people can study practical knowledge as well as studying theoretical k nowledge in universities. Besides, campus is full of academic atmosphere, and there is total ly different from the circumstance in society. Thus, it is difficult for students to accumul ate the real practical experience in campus. The second aspect relates to the importance of theoretical knowledge. Apparently, it would s eem that some academic subjects, such as mathematics or sociology, cannot benefit companie s or society directly. In fact, however, they are the basis of practical subjects, such as m

anagement or finance. For example, it is almost impossible to talk of economics without ment ioning the fundamental roles played by statistics and mathematics. Furthermore, universities are where theoretical knowledge is handed down from generation t o generation. As we know, form Oxford University to Yale University, from Beijing Universit y to MIT, universities congregate a lot of preeminent scholars and professors whose main job s are the academic research. They are responsible to impart the academic knowledge to the yo ung generation in case of they are faded from our memory. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion tha t the theoretical courses are not as obsolete, profitless and unimportant as some people bel ieved. And our universities should be responsible to provide the theoretical knowledge 范文 4 along with the shinking job market,the young school leavers found its more and more hard t o follow the ideal job,therefore ,they place the blame on the universities today,saying tha t courses offered by universities cant provide them the enough practical training which ens ure them a decent job , a chanllenging and promotion position.i dont think that view can hol d water.they dont really understand the function of universities in our society. its impossible that people experience all important events,only by practical training offere d by universities.as the speed of which skills is getting obsolete,the new techolology and s cience is getting unpredictable.the practical training is far from the enough.the theoritica l knowlege provide us unlimited additional experience.we not only can trace back the wisdo m of anticedents.we also can keep up with the development of society.sure,its the second- h and experience.few of us can live over 100years,but all of us can live many lives by learnin g anticedents's second- hand experience. moreover,the university is not teach us how to earn our bread,but make us every monthful swe eter.thats is to say,they can not guarantee our future jobs.but they can help me to add ene rgy,to rich inspire,to increase knowledge.which set us apart from the schools which only voc ational trainings.without a solid theoritical knowledge,the latter cant elicit our creativit y. therefore,we should not measure the university only by how many their grauduates get establi shed in society.结尾忘了,由于作文给了别人,以上所有作文都是回忆的,这个结尾大家自己补充。 范文 5 Most universities and colleges spend a rather long period in fundamental theories and elemen tary courses. But students regard these kinds of knowledge useless, and pay less attention t o them. Thus, some people think that university should not provide theoretical knowledge, bu t to give practical training benefit to society. As for me, I think this view is reasonabl e in some aspects.

First of all, the theoretical knowledge just handles problem is an abstract concept. It mus t combine with real job, can just give play to its efficiency. The theoretical knowledge los ing contact with reality is nonsensical. For instance, as everyone knows, with the developme nt of society, Work position more and more need experienced talent, that is to say, they nee d those people who can combine theoretical knowledge with practice. So, more offering practi ce training to university students can help them to adapt to the society better. Secondly, the theoretical knowledge root in practice. Any theory knowledge is obtained fro m the work of practicing. The universities provide practical training to students, make the m understand the theoretical knowledge deeply. Just because of this, more and more universit ies stipulate that students should participate in social work at least one year in the fou r years, in order to get practical training. However, the theoretical knowledge is the quintessence of practice, and it is the importan t course that we can't ignore too. So, theoretical knowledge and practice have the equal sta tus in our study. In a word, theory knowledge and practical training are all our required courses. We must stu dy theory knowledge, and then apply it to practice. Just like what a famous sayings said: th oughts can give off brilliant light only when put into actions.

version114 People have different expectation for jobs. Some people prefer to do the same job for the same company, and some people rather than change the job frequently. advantage and disadvantage? 赖劲松老师的范文 1 Some people prefer to stay in the same job for the same company, but others prefer to change jobs frequently. Yo u should use specific reasons to compare the advantages and disadvantages of both sides. people rarely have an absolute consensus on the controversial issue whether a man should int end to go in for a life-time career. These day, very few people prefer to always taking a po sition. in some senses, a life-time career has its merits. First, if you stick at taking a post, al l angles of the job will have appeared; after some time, you will definitely have a good com mand of it. Consequently you may become a veteran of the field and earn respect or prestig e from others. Second, you can establish an extensive social connections relating to the fie ld, helping you tear down most of the barriers standing in the way of your working endeavo r. Finally, mistakes of the routine tasks would be minimized because you have learned the le ssons. however, as the modern society develops, experiencing different jobs has its advantages. Ini tially, we look at the issue of bribery. Many high-level staff are inclined to accept bribe

s via power in hand. However, if he knows that someone else will soon take his place, such a cts can be avoided. We then look at work motivation. If one works for the same company fo r a long time without promotion, he may get sick and tired of doing the same daily routin e. Nonetheless, a manager should have qualities of a sense of teamwork and the capability o f coordination. Therefore, to try various positions can help you gain ground to be promote d. Conclusion ( 67 words) In summary, staying in the same post can cultivate one to cut out for the job but involve on e in a boring career while changing jobs frequently can be both advantageous by keeping brib ery away and providing one with more opportunities of promotion and disadvantageous by makin g mistakes occasionally. In my opinion, people should seek a decent and good-paid job and pa y little attention to changing it.

范文 2 Nowadays, whether of not stay in one position for a long time is a problem that worried abou t a lot of people. To understand the solution, let’s take a closer look at the two sides o f both at first. The merit of going in for a life-time career is obvious. Firstly, long time working in the s ame position can help one become an expert in this area, for it is natural to get familiar w ith your work from every angle and accumulate abundant experience. In addition, mistakes o f the routine tasks would be minimized because you have learned the lessons. However, the de fect is also caused by the long time unchanging job. As every one’ patience is different, s s ome may feel that the longer they do the same job, the less interest and power they may hav e. In comparison, if one person changes job frequently, he or she never annoy about this proble m, which is the best advantage of doing like this. Once the worker feels bored with job, changing it directly. But this would make one person n ot good at any subjects that he or she did. What is worst, while the competition of job is g etting sharper and sharper, who can be sure of finding a job whenever he or she wants? Therefore, since each of two ways shows a unique quality, the better way, in my opinion, i s to try some jobs at first in order to make an aim. Once seeking the job you like, don’t a lert it easily and devote yourself to it 范文 3 In the last few years, with the development of society, working in a place all along has alr eady become history. People can choose their job freely, so, people have different expectati on for jobs. Some people prefer to do the same job for the same company, and some people rat her than change the job frequently. This dispute has brought our attention.

First of all, the free choice of the job is the inevitable outcome of the social developmen t. People can give play to their different ability in different work positions. To a perso n gifted in many ways, it is very challenging to often change the job. For example, a perso n has very outstanding ability, in the specific field. He can change his job after working s ome time in one place, in order to seek kind development. Moreover, a person has very good a bility in many aspects, then, He can often change and work, in order to seek the feeling o f freshness or raise the quality of life. However, to some people or some specific posts, it is impossible to often change the job. Fo r instance, an accountant, he only grasps the knowledge and experience of accounting, he ca n work perfectly within the specific limits, and then changing job is unnecessary to him. Fu rthermore, in order to make the scientific payoffs, some scientists dedicate themselves to t he scientific undertaking. So, I think whether people should change the job frequently, should depend on their persona l situation or their working position. As a saying goes, it is one-sided to treat the questi on in isolation. Version 00116 Some information in films, books and on the Internet has bad influence on young people and even on society. Some people think such information should be controlled. Give your opinion o n both sides of view use your own experience and examples 范文 1(据说是 8 分) Nowadays,people can get almost any information from films,books or the internet,but some inf ormation can have negative influences on young people and even our society. The following es say discusses whether there should be censorship of information in society or not. To begin with, some information is harmful for children, therefore we should protect childre n from some information. By this I mean, children are easily influenced and they cannot dist inguish what is right or real and what is wrong or unreal, as they are immature, and hey pro bably imitate what they have seen. As a consequence, we should protect children from some in formation such as excessive violence or obscene material, so that they can grow up to be val uable members of society. Another point to bear in mind is that some information which could be harmful to society sho uld be censored. For example, some material that encourages racism,violence or terrorism thr eatens social security, and it might lead to some serious social problems, such as crimes. T herefore, the government should ban this kind of information in films,books or on the intern et. However, people do have the right to choose what they what to know, and they should be allow ed access to most information. Further more, most adults are good people and will not be inf luenced in a negative way easily, thus they should have the freedom to decide what they wan

t to know, and the government should not censor all information, as the government is onl y a group of people after all. In conclusion, parents should strictly control what their children watch or read, and the go vernment should censor such information in children’s books, films or websites. In additio n, the government should ban some information which encourages racism, violence and terroris m, as it is harmful to society. However, on the other hand, since it is people’s right to c hoose what they want to know, the government should not censor most information. 范文 2 As the more and more important part of our lives, media plays significant role. However, som etimes public may ignore its negative influence on teenagers, even our society as a whole. H ere, I would like to illustrate my point of view on the issue. Admittedly, it is almost impossible to talk of our vivid lives without mentioning the vita l roles played by various medias, such as books, films and Internet. First, as main entertai nment and leisure methods, reading, watching films and surfing on Internet take up our mos t spare time. And they become the most popular way to help us relax after a pressured workin g day. Second, we have opportunities to access to all kinds of up-dated information, news an d events reported by media. Thus, it is undoubted that mass medias are reshaping our live s, and influence our world in a big way. However, we should notice that, in this moment of triumph of media, it also presents us real istic and potential hazards along with its benefits. To beginning, because of more and mor e vehement competition, some medias come to fudge events for catering the appetite of a fe w readers and audience. More seriously, some of them, representing their political groups o r governments, may tend to report a war with bias. We become content with the second-hand ex perience. Little by little, some medias cut us off from the real world. In addition, some bo oks, films and TV programs with pornographic information and glamorizing violence may poiso n the minds of juvenile. It is commonly believed that there is a definite link between viole nt movies and campus violence. Last but not least, over addicting to films, Internet and T V waste children a lot of study time. And it is always accompanied with poor academic perfor mance. One of my classmate did not pass final exam last semester due to surfing on Interne t took up his too much study time. Obviously, media bring too much negative influence to ou r teenagers, even the society as a whole. In summary, there are still many other reasons can support my inclination, but the obvious o nes have been represented as above. Although so many problems brought by media need to be re solved, I do believe that, as time passes, governments will find a feasible way to change th e situation

范文 3 nowaday,people constantly found themselve exposed variety of imformation, imformation is ind eed nessasy to people's life.it bring great benefit to all of us.

their is no denying that information bring a great convinience to people.Sitting at home,al l we have to do is to press the button,then we can lattest information about what peple;s li fe is like in other country.since we have internet ,we can research our information need onl y by doubling the mouse.it open the fantastic world to us.in our school library.we can chec k the catelogue of congress to the team paper for it.information has became an indispensabl e part of human being.without it,we would act like blind,and could not step forward. Despite the positive infludence the information plays,their passive aspect cant be neglect.t he young people are not support to variety of imformation.they dont have enought experienc e to tell good from bad or right from wrong.for examaple,books with much discription of viol ence and sex will tempt the children to fight and commit sex crime. some tv programm are also contamination.there are a lot of pronolograghy things which brin g bad impart on children.for instance.if a person on tv get what he or she want by stealin g it.children maybe copy this behaviour.therefore,they gain the unacceptable values,which wi ll be harmful to their further development. To sum up,we should take action to control the increasing the neglected influence on the you ng people.for one thing.instruction and advise is nessasary to their education.young peopl e who receive the proper instruction will be more likely to became the frendly social member s.for another ,the strict law should be issued to keep them under control.i am sure,informat ion will play more and more function in the future Version 00117 范文 1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of competition and cooperation been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays,the competition is more and more furious between different groups, but many people think that parents teach competition to children that it will be bad for their growth,let them learn how to cooperate that is the most important. Above point is certainly true; this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that children’ intellect is not enough capable to analyze right and wrong competition. If children do not have correct teaching, the co mpetition easily leads children to a wrong way. For instance, children usually pay attention to match their clothing and toys; in fact, it is really worth competing thing that their study is being ignored. Another reason is that if children work together,they could easily find out an d supply their gaps. Because of limit of age,in order to children’s knowledge is limited so that they have the different strongpoint. When they work together, they can learn the merit from others, and quickly correct their mist akes. Last but not the least reason is the cooperation means common progress. A people’s ability is limited, but group’s power is unlimited.Lots of things are really difficult to complete by personal power. Nevertheless, people work together to solve problems that will become really easy and simple. Thus, it

is important to let children get to know signification of cooperation. In conclusion, children ought to learn signification of cooperation and how to work together, in order to their better future. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 Competition and cooperation are going along together in the modern society. And there has been an on-going argument on which to be more essential in children’s education. In my opinion, they are both necessary, and the society cannot grow any more without either of them. On one hand, competition concerns about the subsistence of individuals and companies. We can take Motorola for instance. He used to be the strongest cooperation in telecommunication industry. No one could compete with him. But he slowed his steps in exploration of digital communication, which gave a good chance for companies like NOKIA and SIMENCE to develop. And NOKIA now has possessed more than 30% of the market, while SIMENCE 25 %. To individuals,the thing is the same. No employer would like to employ a man without ambition and progressive spirit. On the other hand, we can achieve no goals without cooperation. Along with the division of labor in society, no one can fulfill a task by himself. There are many examples in our lives. In the designing process of a PC game, it cost many people to work together. Some work on the ideas, some paints the images, some edit the music, and some deal with the programs. Without this cooperation, the production would break down. Since jobs are more and more complicated, the only way to deal with them is separating people into groups, and making them cooperate with each other. You can tell from my comments above, without competitions we will be able to live peacefully though develop slowly, but without cooperation, we cannot live in a modern society. Furthermore,since China put out the one-child polic y, Chinese children are competing with each other drastically, what they are short of is cooperation. So, instead of competition,children should learn more about cooperation. 范文 3 Nowadays, the world in developing at a high speed, therefore, everyone, especially childre n, need to learn how to live in this fast changing day. The problem is which ability is mor e important, competition or cooperation? Personally, I believe both of them are essential sk ills in future life. It seems that learning competition is more useful, for children will live in a competitive e nvironment after they grow up. However, the time of proud of one hero has past. We also coul d neglect the importance of cooperate, after all, no matter how strong ability that a hero h as, he or she in also different to beat up to power of one group. It is why “working with g roup” in one of basic requirements of many companies. Of course, the future society ‘s rule is “Surival is the fittest”, so just becoming an ex

pert of cooperation is far from enough. Stress from society and family impels children to in volve in the cruel competition. Studies have shown that the children who living in competiti ve environment will knock their out to study courses and accomplish jobs. It is reasonable t o believe that Competition, which is the one of strong power of future society developing, i s the basis ability of young people. In this way, Competition will playing an important rol e in education, and even more powerful. All in all, competition and cooperation must go hand in hand. The key point is keeps the bal ance between competition and cooperation during teaching. Only when you get this two abilit y that you walk faster on the way that leads to success.

范文 4 Children education, is always a debating issue. Some people support that children should lea rn how to compete, others opposite that cooperation should be taught in schools. Of cours e, which you prefer depends on your own experience, life style and emotional concern. Her e, I would like to illustrate my point of view on the controversial issue Admittedly, it is commonsense that a person without cooperative spirit will be difficult t o survive in the modern society. Increasingly, companies come to realize that teamwork spiri t is one of most important elements, which can positively influence their success in busines s. Consequently, many job recruiters focus on whether applicants are qualified in this facto r. Although cooperation enjoys a considerable advantage, it cannot compare with competitio n in two main aspects as follows. Among countless factors which influence my propensity, there is a most conspicuous one: surv ival of the strongest. In light of Darwin’s evolutionism, no matter in animal kingdom or hu man society, only the strongest and fittest one can survive. For example, because findin g a good job is becoming more and more difficult, a job applicant must weigh up the competit ion form others, and show his merits to interviewers. Thus, a bright career future depends o n whether you know how to compete with rivals. The second factor relates to the essence of fair competition. As we all know, there is no t a man who can win everything. Students will know and understand how to face success and fa ilure through competitive activities. I can think of no better illustration of the idea tha n the proverb, “failure teaches success”. That experience no matter winning or losing, wil l benefit their future success eventually. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion tha t competitive spirit will prepare students for the tough things in the future. As a resul t, schools should be responsible to provide competitive training or class. 范文 5 nowaday,competition and cooperation are involved in every field of our life.which one is mor

e important to children'education?some emphasis the former,some stress the latter,personnall y,i think they are of the same important. the main reason why some think competiton is more important to children is that they know ad ult life to be difficult.Finding a job emtremaly are ,for example,competitive activities.a s the competition is getting more and more fierce in our society,the odds of landing the plu m and sought-after is considerably shortened.the potentially successful applicant,in order t o weigh up the competition from other applicants,have to place themselves on the position b y gaining more experience and qualification. the further reason why they advocate the competition is that children often can get great ef forts in contests.although they cant win at everything,they can do well at something.by atte mpting compete with others in viariety of activities,they can learn calm down in victory an d smile in failure. competiton,however,make children tend to be selfish and self-centered.some children gain the ir success by hook or crook,or even climbing up by trampling others' shoulders.this activiti es only lead to narrowmindedness.,which will be harmful to their further development. the only way for compensating it is to let children know cooperation.in football teams,for i nstant,all players work with joint efforts in order to win the watchs.our study also need te amwork.for one thing,we compete with others,as a result,we all get great efforts.for another, we help each other by pointing out others'mistakes and reminding words. Human being is social being,Human life is frequantlly as competitive as is the animal kindom. only both with competition and cooperation,can we achieve success and live in pease and harm ony

范文 6 The contentious issue in the domain of sociology in the past mainly concentrated on competition and cooperation still has been steeped in controversy nowadays. Th e key point of it is, which factor has priority in children’s education. In my s ubmission, they are not contradictory to each other. Not without either of them c an children gain ground any more. Both of them are required. On one hand, competition is ubiquitous. It exists not only between individual but also between groups or community and is more and more furious. Brutal though it seems to be, it does stimulate our growth. Not to advance is to go back. Suffice it to say that how outstanding students become. It is because that, even if they have already got high marks, they often keep studying hard lest someone should ca tch up with them. Sense of competition prompts them to make progress unceasingly.

On the other hand, cooperation is the approach to get ahead, as individual power is limited after all. Can one person build up the Great Wall? Obviously no. Moder n pedagogy also emphasize on fostering children’s collaboration spirits. Take co mputer-supported cooperative work, groupware that is a type of software designed for groups and for communication, as an instance. Students are encouraged to acco mplish systematically ordered instruction tasks by teamwork. During working toget her they can perceive their own weaknesses and other’s merits as well, which are virtual for them to go forwards. To sum up, competition and cooperation are inseparable and indispensable in child ren education. Without competition we will loosen demand to ourselves, meanwhile without cooperation we will achieve nothing. We should treat them in dialectical view. At the same time, as the competition among Chinese children are more fierce people are more likely negligible to cooperation. So, I slightly tilt towards co operation.

Version 00118 范文 1 Generally speaking, there has been a gap in the standard of living between cities and rural areas.And in China, the problem is seriously obvious in every corner of social life. Several contributing factors can be identified. In the following, I would like to present my point of view. Although China’s economy is developing very fast, the keystone is the polic y in many eastern big cities. For example, the city of Shenzhen grew quickly several years before, because its policy is widely open and the government expended great effort to help it develop. The development of Beijing and Shanghai is almost the same. But in rural areas, the policy is not that advanced. What the state cares most is the production of food, since China has a huge population. As a result, the progress of rural areas is much slower than that in cities. In addition, the attitude of people in the countryside is greatly different from that of people in cities. The feudal influence in countryside is apparently continuing. People there are still doing everything in traditional manners, many of which are badly impeding their improvement. By contrast, people living in cities have given up many outmoded customs, and worked out some new cultures, which makes their living style more compatible with the progress of the society. Moreover, many former farm laborers have rushed into cities in order to earn more money, which makes the supply of farmers sharply inadequate. As a result, people there have to give birth to more children, which causes a vicious circle in that the more they breed, the poorer they live. However, Chinese government has already noticed this problem, and is trying to establish some means to solve it.The way I think most efficient is to pay more attention to the science and technique in agriculture, and free part of

the farmers to other occupations. And we also need to go inside the countryside, and bring them the most advanced ideas and cultures. Following this way, our society must develop faster, steadier and more balanced. ================================================= 赖劲松范文 2 When you look back to the last century,amazingly you will find that not only all world's largest populated cities had experienced different population growth rates,but also the difference between the city and the countryside ha d grown accordingly. Two reasons of mine can examine this tendency as following. The glamorous city life allures lots of human resources to move to agglomerate in the city, taking major contribution to the gap. Supporting sentences: In the city, there are many advantages to attract those talented people to settle down--more job opportunities, cultural activities, sporting events, you name them.The refore, even those well-educated people who are originated from the country intend to lea d a dynamic city life instead of returning to face the static country view. If the rural government can work out some favorable policies s uch as low prices of land occupied for industrial uses, with the combination of low cost of workforce,investors are willing to establish factories in the countryside. The improvement of employment situation will enormously help pull back some intellectuals and lessen the gap. In the second part, I would mention the factor of transportation. Supporting sentences: The vital resistance of economic development in the countryside is the inconvenient transportation.It has been witnessed in China that almost all leading cities are scattered along the coastline. They take advantages of sea, air and other sophisticated transport facilities to enjoy high economic growth rates.I suggest that the central government should fund on infrastructure for the whole nation, including rural areas, to build up a nationwide transport network. Consequently tourism as well as housing in the countryside will be boosted, and the difference between the city and the country would be minimized. To sum up, intelligent resources would determine who is the winner or loser of the intense competition; moreover, transit systems also play an important role in developing economy. If both issues were tackled properly in the countryside, gap between the city and the country would never be overwhel ming. 范文 3 An argument often heard these days is that whether or not the government should put money o n building theaters and stadiums. Some believe that instead of spending money on this are a, Medical care and education, both of which are basic developing factors of one country sho uld be spent more money on. After weighting the pros and cons, I disagree with this opinion. Firstly, theaters and stadiums are best choice for people relaxing. Most of workers, especia

lly white collar who often feel nervous after one day’s hard work, need to relax both menta lly and physically. Compared with staying at home, it is much better way to stay in comforta ble theater and listen to a wonderful concert. In addition, going to theaters and stadiums affect the same effect as education and medica l care. Having more chances to go to theaters can help them mold character. There is no bett er way to keep healthy than doing proper sports in the daily. In this way, the culture and h ealth will be improved greatly, which plays the same role of education and medical care. Moreover, theaters and stadiums are basis essential facilities to a developed city. Take hol ding an Olympic games as an example, it is no doubt it will take millions of money to buil d stadiums. Why the winner country is proud of that. Because this is a confirmation given b y whole world. Of course I don’t mean that the more theaters and stadiums, the better society will be, aft er all, nothing can take the important place of medical care and education. In summary, the key point is to keep both of this two part developing. Only in this way, ca n all people live better in future. 范文 4 Nowadays, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more overt, which ar ouses colossal concerns. To understand the solution, let’s take a closer look at the cause s of the gap at first. The main reason of the gap is the unequal investment between city and rural area. China i s a typical example. While more and more money is being invested to the coastal areas and bi g cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, the lack of investment barriers greatly the societ y development of rural area and western regions The low education level partly sharps the gap. There is no doubt that the prime force of pro ductivity is education. However, because of poverty, thousands of people go to work withou t graduating from primary school. The poorer, the few children go to school. This bad cycl e finally leads to the dream of rich becoming a dream that is hard to realize. Moreover, the rural area is short of people with high quality. A survey proved that most o f university students, whether they come from city or countryside, choose big cities instea d of poor areas to work. The rural area can neither adept talent man nor attract talent ma n. No wonder the gap is increasing largely. Hence, The government ought to knock itself out to decrease the gap as soon as possible. Fir st, balance the investment between city and rural area. In addition, the education level sho uld be improved, especially pay attention on raising high quality people. Besides, let mor e people realize the latent capacity of rural area in order to attract talent and investmen t. The set up of CCTV channel12-western region channel is a good example. Only when the ways mentioned above are realized step by step, can the gap between the citie s and the countryside be bridged.

范文 5 原创:孙肇春 The gap of living in cities and the countryside is larger and larger. What are the reasons i n your country and how to reduce the differences? As the step of economic development accelerates, the gap between the city and the countrysid e becomes more and more overt, which arouses colossal concerns. Take a further look at the p henomenon, there are three major causes. Firstly, the insufficiency of investment in the rural areas accounts mainly for the issue. C hina, for example, covers a very large area. Due to the emphasis on the development in the c oastal areas, the government devotes more investment in the large cities, such as Shangha i, Beijing and Guangzhou. The investment, undoubtedly, is repaid by the threefold increase o f economy and commerce in these cities. However, this is not the case in the rural areas an d the western regions. The lack of investment barriers the productivity and economic develop ment and sharpens the gap between the city and the countryside. Secondly, the low education level in the rural areas contributes partly to the gap of livin g. Education is the prime force of productivity. Keeping this in mind, many countries and go vernments give priority to the development of education. China’s education witnessed a rapi d growth in the past decade. However, the education level in the countryside still keeps ver y low. The enrollment of primary schools and secondary schools is much lower compared with t he advanced regions, not to mention the developed countries in the world. Without good educa tion, the development of economy and technology would be a dream difficult to be realized. Finally, the influx of migrant workers to the cities from the countryside deteriorates the u ndeveloped condition in the rural areas. The life style in the urban areas is very attractiv e to the people in the countryside. To seek more working opportunities, many people abando n the fertile lands and leave them uncultivated. If the situation continues, it will lead t o serious unbalance of economic and regional development. To sum up, only when the government renders more concerns over the issue, can the gap betwee n the cities and the countryside be bridged. (325 words)

范文 6 nowaday,the gap between cities and countryside is getting more and more larger.the factors f or it is complex.i would like to disccuss the main reason for the phenomenon. some place the blames on the few employment opportunity in countryside.today,men and women c rowd into the big cities in order to in seach of employment ,a better life .especially you ng school leavers,including some graduates born from the countryside,are reluctant to see k a job in countryside.as a result.city gains more modersization while few attention can b e given to the countryside.

other contribute it to the goverment's ignoring attitutes to it.every year,goverment contrib ute more of limited money to build more musuemes and galleries in big cities.they can attrac t the investment from abroad,anf furturemore,it can improve the development of cities.whil e there are a lot of people in countryside who are stilll struggling below the line of pover ty.this disequlibrium lead to the gap. therefore,the contribution and education of contryside should be fully given the priority b

y govenment.government should make good use of every cent to bridge the gap! with the increasing numbers of guaduates,the employment opportunity of big city is getting f ew and few.while there are a lot of r ability to full? the potentially succesfull opportunity and career devel opment in countryside.all neglacted tasts should be undertaken,why not go there to play you

范文 7 All countries with a vast territory face the problem of uneven development betwee n cities and countries. The economic development of China, (which has a territory of 9.6 million square km,) is likened to an eagle spreading only one wing for fl ight. This implies that while the urban area has made great stride during the 20odd years of reform and opening, the rural region has lagged behind. What with th e external and the internal factors, the gap between them becomes more and more o vert. In my submission, what we should do is to suit the remedy to the case. In the first place, the insufficiency of investment in countries accounts mainly for the issue. It has been witnessed in China that most leading cities are scatte red along the coastline. It is because that the government devotes more investmen t in such areas as ShangHai and Shenzhen, with implementing widely open policies. However, this is not the case in rural areas. The lack of investment heavily ham pers the productivity and economic development. So, recently the government has b een introducing some effective measures, such as, development of western regions, to offer investors more trade and investment opportunities, with the aim of expe diting the progress of poverty-ridden interior. In the second place, the low education level in countries attributes to the gap. The form chairman of China, Dengxiaopeng strengthened the notion repeatedly, “Sc ience and technology is the primary productive force.” which illustrates the mag nitude of education. Although instruction system in China experienced a rapid adv ancement in the two decades, the level in countries has not gained overt ground s o far. And in true chicken-or-the-egg fashion, the lag of countries deters the pr ogress in education. So I suggest the government should fund on ameliorating the education system not only in “hardware” but also in “software”.

In brief, only when the government renders more concerns over the issue, will we enable the eagle to spread both wings. Though it is not an easy nut to crack, I b elieve this situation will be mend gradually.

Version 00119 Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female study in every subject. Do you agree or disagree. 这个题题目可能有问题,谁都知道每个拥有平等数量的男女生是不可能的,难道在数量上差一个我们就停 课了吗??简直是笑话。所以我觉得可能题目想表达的是机会平等的观点。大家如果遇到这个题,要看看 题目,而且要多举举例。 不同意 男生和女生思维特点不同,个人的喜好也不同,实践表明,更多的男生喜欢理科,而更多的女生 倾向于文科;生理构造的差异造成的选科上的差异 。 比如在高强度训练的军事专业, 强壮的男生就更适合。 同意 天赋人权,人人生而平等与自由。 男女平等,无论男生还是女生都应该享有平等的选择专业的机会。 比如居里夫人就在以前人们认为男人才能胜任的放射性元素研究上取得了杰出的成就 ================================================= 范文 1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of female rights and interests been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays, plenty of universities limit the number of female students who study in some of subjects; therefore, many people think universities should accept equal numbers of men and female study in every subject, but others have a negative attitude. As far as I am concerned, I think men and women should gain equal educational opportunities, but accepting equal numbers of male and female, in every subject, is unnecessary and impossible. Therefore, I disagree with the view that universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. My argument in support of my view is as follows. The main reason is that mode of thinking is different between female and male. Everyone, male and female, has equal right to study in universities, nevertheless, due to difference of in thought and views. Men and Women may represent varied study capability. A case in point is that men may possess more talent than women in mathematics, physics and like stuff. In the study of language, on the other hand, female shows stronger ability than male. In the history of human beings, most scientists, especially those who research abstract theories, are male. Another reason is that nature decides different directions of development bet -ween men and women. Today, although female’s right is being increased, female still plays a different social role. Women are by nature good at house keeping since the biological function of a woman is first to bring children into the world and then to bring them up and it has been proved by some scientists that women are not good at business management, political administer -ation, etc. So, in the study of business and management, requiring equal numbers of male and female is not essential. From what has been discussed above, we may draw the conclusion that accepting equal numbers of male and female students in every subject is impossible and I also disagree with this point of view.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 It is obvious that there are far more men than women in college studying science and technical subjects while when it comes to the arts, the opposite is true. But some people claim it will cause serious problems. However, I bel -ieve the phenomenon is very normal. In the first place, subject selection is decided by students themselves,without influences from universities and colleges. Studies show that of men and women think differently. Male students like to major in technical subjects, while female students are more likely to choose the arts. This may be because it is thought that people who major in more technical fields have a better chance to get a higher salary after graduation, since men usually take the burdens of feeding the family. To women, however, what they study is nothing serious for their future lives. In the second place, some work is more suitable for an appointed gender.For instance, nurse schools are open to women only, and infants’ schools like female teachers better. This is all because they are more careful and patient, and less aggressive in nature. By contrast, men fit the job like steel worker and police officer because of their braveness, haleness, and decisiveness. From my comments above,you can tell that it is unreasonable for universities and colleges to accept the same number of men and women to study in every subject, due to differences in their natures. It is free for everyone to choose their own way, and no one can force others to get into a certain field. 范文 3 University, a place disseminating knowledge and illuminating people’ mind, renders people o s pportunities to further their study and cultivate their capabilities. Some people propose th at university should enroll equal number of male and female students in every subject. Fro m my point of view, this is not only impractical, but also unfeasible. On the one hand, different students have their own research interest and study focus, whic h decide on their career and success. If university enroll equal number of male and female s tudents regardless their interest, the students will lose their motivation and aspiration o f study. If a talented writer is forced to study mathematics, for instance, he will not beco me a good mathematician, nor an excellent writer. In this sense, university should conside r students’ study interest instead of pursuing equal number of males and females in one sub ject. On the other hand, different subjects have their own characteristics. For example, historie s make men wise; poets, witty; mathematics, subtle; natural philosophy, deep; moral, grav e; logic and rhetoric, able to contend. It is common that most students in science and engin eering are males, while the majority of students in nursing and education are females. Som e jobs, such as navigating a boat, plying a plane and working in extreme circumstances, ar e more suitable for males, for males have higher ability to endure hardship. Likewise, som e positions become females only, such as, nurses, baby-sitters, secretaries, assistants, tex

tile workers and so on. If university enrollment ignores the differences in sex, a person ca nnot perform properly in their position. In conclusion, it is not a good idea for university to enroll equal number of male and femal e students, because the characteristics of subjects differ from each other and students hav e their right to choose the subject they are interested 范文 4 Nowadays, more and more people, particularly feminism supporters, help to improve women’s p lace in society. They indeed play a vital role in helping improve women’ status. However, S s ome of them are too dogmatic to the equal right of two genders. They argue that universitie s should accept equal numbers of male and female study in every subject. Although being a gi rl, I feel this opinion is unreasonable. It is natural that different genders have different talents. Everyone, male and female, ha s equal right to study in universities, nevertheless, due to difference of in thought and vi ews. The male has more powerful ability in logical analysis while the female naturally goo d at designing and making handicrafts. Hence, universities should establish an educational a tmosphere for different genders in which students are more likely to be stimulated to stud y what they’re good at. Pursuing absolute equal numbers of male and female study in every subject is unscientific. F or example, few girls like to study subjects like mechanics and mathematics, which are favor ed by a lot of boys. It is also hard to find male students in nursing school. If we make a r ule that seems to be “equal”, it would lead to the results that student can’t fulfill the ir wishes .In the long run, the development of those subjects will be confined. All in all, I believe it is unreasonable that universities should accept equal numbers of ma le and female study in every subject. Giving each gender equal chance to choose majors i s a much better way. 范文 5 Apparently, it would seem that universities should accept equal numbers of male and female s tudent to study in every subject. In fact, however, men and women should share equal opportu nities, not the equal enrolment figures in every subject. Among countless factors which influence my inclination on this issue, there is a most conspi cuous one: different academic aptitude results in unequal percentage between men and women i n some subjects. In light of medical research, as for women, their left hemisphere of brain s are more developed than their right hemisphere of brains, leading to their strong suits ar e arts, such as linguistics, language. By contrast, men are good at science and technology d ue to their different brain structure from women’ Thus, it will be a ridiculous decision t s. o admit equal numbers of male and female students in same major regardless of their differen t academic aptitude.

The second reason relates to the careers that men and women will engage after graduation. A s we know, no matter male or female students have rights to choose the majors what they ar e interested in, whereas, it may be found that some jobs concerned with their majors are no t suitable for them. For example, it is undoubted that the kindergartner is not an appropria te profession for men. Besides, many companies still do not change their prejudice to femal e students in some fields. Sometimes, they may reject a qualified female applicant because o f their discrimination attitude. Obviously, whether they can successfully find jobs is anoth er factor that students have to consider before study. In summary, judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at the conclusion th at universities do not need to accept equal numbers of male and female students. More import antly, the equal work opportunities without sexual discrimination should be provided.

范文 6 Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female study in every subject. Do you a gree or disagree? In such society as advocating everyone-is-equal theory, some equalitarian espouse that the q uantities of male students and female students should be tantamount in the same subject duri ng their academic study. This issue seems to be steeped in controversy, while if asked to ho w to reckon it, I would take a dim view of it, as it is much too overdoing and impossible t o carry out. In the first place, as prominent psychologist Fred put it: “the interests are the best inst ructor”, individual interests have top priority when student pick up their majors. Moreove r, interests vary even of the same gender, let alone different one. Namely, it is unimaginab le that there are equivalent boys and girls in the same classroom. In the second place, some courses such as engineering are more suitable for male students, w hile the opposite is true when it comes to liberal arts. From physical aspects as well as ps ychological term, the main reason is that mode of thinking is different between different se x. Men are apt at logical thinking, while women are inclined to thinking in image. Therefor e, it is not necessary to invariably emphasize absolute equality at that kind of situatio n, otherwise it is detrimental to the entire society. What a disaster it should be if you ex perienced such condition, as you perceived half of male nurses in hospital or female steel w orkers tying the male ones. Judging from all analyses offered, we might reasonably come to conclusion that, it is unprac tical and uncalled-for to restrict male and female students to parallel subjects.

V120 What are the purposes of places such as museums and how should they be funded? 孙肇春 范文 1:

Nowhere in the world has the issue of museum’s progress been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays, mor e and more museums have to face the serious economic problem. Therefore, many people doubt museum’s existen t signification. In this essay we will discuss the existent signification of museum and the solutions, such as buyin g by government and supporting by society Firstly, museum is considered the historical symbol that it exhibits traditional culture o f a nation. Nations of difference have different culture and history. The museum is the bes t way to let the younger generation savvy their ancestor’s history and let visitors and for eigners know varied culture and tradition. Secondly, museum could save plenty of cultural relics that they are not destroyed and los t. The equipments of museum could perfectly save all kinds of displays. As a result of the future of museum, the outlook is somewhat grim. People already realize th is problem exists and are trying to solve it. For one solution, the government ought to buy all museums. If museum belong to government, i t will means main economic problem of museum is solved. The second solution is that society ought to donate lots of money to maintain development o f museum. The museum protects our history and culture, so we have obligation to support prog ress of museum. The important thing is to protect current museums before it’s too late. Otherwise we will l ose them. 范文 2 Museums illuminate the culture, history and arts of the world. Every country and government spare no effort or money to enrich the collection of museum s to cater for different tastes or needs of people, for the benefit of the present and futur e generations.There are bounteous museums all over the world. The British Museum, which is maybe the largest one in the world, provides visitors with all-round knowledge about the world culture and arts. The visitors to the muse um are all overwhelmed by the magnificence of the culture and history of mankind. If one wants to know about the development of human science and industry, he can have a tour to The Museum of Science and Industry located in Chicago, the United States,where a detailed scientific progress is presented vividly. You cannot miss every achievement human beings have made in history and you are sure to be shocked by the civilization our forefathe rs created. If one wants to have a browse of the important events in the past, American Museum of Photography is the best choice. It a bounds in precious historical pictures and gives visitors unforgettable memory. Apart from the state-owned museums, there are also innumerable private museums whose purpose is to exhibit their cherished collection and popularize knowledge. With a view to giving people updated information and rendering them a more detailed overvie w, many countries invest a great deal of money in the foundation of museums, because museum

s disseminate human knowledge and culture, which are more significant for the development of the young generation. Besides, en trepreneurs and individuals should also lay a fund for the improvement and rebuild of museums.The prosperity of human culture is not only the responsibility of the government, but also the responsibility of ever y individual and organization. (295 words)====================== 范文 3 It is almost impossible to talk of human civilization without mentioning the significant rol es played by some places, such as museums, art gallery and so on. From London to Paris, fro m Beijing to New York, museums attract millions of visitors from all over the world annuall y. Museum is where people go to get their education and entertainment. Nowadays, more and mor e parents are energetic for taking their children to visit history museums or art museums i n weekend, because they find the collections and antiques displayed in museums can stimulat e their children’s curiosity and enlarge their scope. Besides, recent years, some entertain ment facilities were equipped in many China’s museums. For example, in Beijing Aviation Mus eum, visitors have chance to steer glider under the guide of pilots. Obvious, museums have b ecome vital parts of our lives. The second main purpose of museums is related to the protection of culture. As we know, a lo t of cultural relics, literature and antiques are exhibited in various museums ranging fro m history museum to technical museum, from militaries museum to sea museum. Here, visitors w ill not miss any achievement our ancestors have made and they will be shocked by human civil ization. We cannot find better places than museums to protect those symbols of human histor y and culture. However, partly because of limited fund from governments, partly because of inefficient mana gement, more and more museums have to face severe financial problems. It is commonly believe d that our governments should burden more responsibilities and invest a great deal of mone y on museums. Besides, the managers of museums also should solve those troubles by themselve s, such as improving management efficiency, increasing the price of tickets and selling souv enirs. In summary, as the symbol of human civilization, museums take up very significant position s in our lives. There are still many troubles need to be solved, however, I do believe tha t, as time passes, people will come to realize the value of museums eventually. 范文(严禁模仿) ------------------discussion-------295words in total--------------Introduction (44 words) It is well known that a museum is a building to display a collection of artistic, historical,cultural or military objects. Undoubtedly museums can have a variety

of purposes in the city; I think two roles the museums play can illustrate they are worth visiting. Body1 (89 words) Visiting museums is informative. (topic sentence) Once I visited a military museum in Beijing,China, soon I learned that an ancient warrior might have outfought his enemies in combat if he had had great strength while a modern soldier should be armed with s ophisticated weapons.Therefore present soldiers should spend far much time on studying moder n technology instead of building up muscles. Likewise, If you visit other museums, you wil l have a better perception on a certain field, because you can witness some genuine object s which cannot be seen on books. Body2 ( 65words) In addition, a museum can function to cultivate one's sense of patriotism.(topic sentence) I n china, schools often organize trips to some historical museums. When the students learn th at many years ago, a number of countries invaded China robbing treasure and killing Chines e civilians, promptly they will establish a strong sense to defend the nation, revealing tha t only a strong motherland can give them pride and safety. Body3 ( 74words) Now we talk about how to fund a museum. A museum can never be considered as a financial burd en to society. I suggest that the Government should invest a small amount of money on advert isements for the museums in the city. For example, ads of the museums should be forwarded o n the travel brochures or maps of the city. Consequently tourists come and admission ticket s are collected. Both reputation and funds are earned. Conclusion (23 words) In brief, museums should play a role as an instructive means of the city and incomes from ad mission can keep them running properly.

Version 00121(2003 年 A 类新题) some people think visitors to others countries should imitated local custom and behaviors. some people disagree, they think the host country should welcome culture different. discuss the two views, and give your own opinion. 一些人认为游客需要模仿和适应当地的风俗习惯,而另一些人不赞同,他们认为这些国家应 该欢迎外来的文化。请讨论这 2 方面,并给出你的观点 点评:这个 essay 的写法要注意它的要求。讨论 2 方面的观点,并给出自己的想法。 个人认为可以采用 4 段式的写法: 1。开头陈述 2。对第一个观点给出其成立的理由 3。对第二个观点给出其成立的理由 4。采用折中的方法阐述自己认为 2 个观点都有其合理性,应该辨证的看待,都不能 忽略

下面给出支持这 2 方面观点的理由: 第一个观点 1。对当地的风俗的了解可以帮助外来者快速的适应新的环境 2。每个地方都有自己独特的人文,通过风俗习惯可以接触更多的思想文化 3。过多的外来思想会侵蚀当地的文化传统,外来者对当地习惯的模仿可以减 少这方面的冲击。 第二个观点 1。外来思想带来新的理念,为当地的人文注如活力 2。外来的思想可以引发变革,对当地的经济和日常生活起着推动作用 3。外来思想和传统文化的交流可以帮助人们对其他地区和国家的了解。 ================================================ 范文:1 (dadafangfang 原创) some people think visitors to others countries should imitated local custom and behaviors. some people disagree, they think the host country should welcome culture different. nowadays, giant jumble jets carry millions of people each day to and from almost all corners of the globe, giving most people the chance of visiting distant countries. however, many of us are sometimes troubled by unfamiliar customs and traditions and are puzzled by the way foreigners behave. in my essay, both sides of the argument would be presented and analyzed as to whether we should follow the customs of the visited country, or should all nations be more willing to embrace exotic culture. some people maintain that it is better for one to adopt host countries'culture for the following reasons. first of all, as the old saying goes, when in rome do as the romans do,by observing and following their particular way of doing thing, travelers can greatly reduce the chances of misunderstanding and embarrassment. for instance, it is advisable not to ask a western lady personal questions such as her age or her marital status on the first meeting, which is common practice in china. secondly, a nation’s customs and traditions are often fascinating and offer a unique insight into that very country. Obvio -usly, people travel in order to broaden their horizon or merely to relax and enjoy themselves. but these aims could not be satisfactorily fulfilled if they have no idea about a country’s culture. moreover, your interest in and understanding of their ways of life could help to establish a rapport with the local people, because people feel respected when their customs and behaviors are understood and imitated. and by doing things in their way, you become unconsciously a member of them and thus will no long experience culture shocks. however, others also have strong reasons to believe that a country should tolerate and embrace foreign culture. in the first place, no country should cling to its old customs and traditions at all cost and expect others to followsuit. culture should also be subject to changes brought about by advances in science and technology and the process of globalization. like everything

else, numerous traditional practices have been abandoned and people are for ming/creating new customs all the time. besides, instead of challenging and damaging the local traditions, the customs brought by international visitors actually help to enhance our awareness of our own culture, by pointing out that what we took for granted is really not universally praised but rather unique characteristics of our own. in china, for instance, the spring festival is being celebrated with ever more enthusiasm despite the popularity of Christmas. moreover, it is unjustifiable and unrealistic to expect visitors to alter their ways of doing things,to while they have a right, and pick up some new behaviors and customs on short notice. many chinese americans,for example, still live exclusively in china towns and celebrate all the traditional chinese holidays. like a religious belief, one should be allowed to follow their own customs whenever and wherever they like. as far as i am concerned, i agree with the latter view that people can keep their own customs and nations should welcome culture differences and integrate the positive aspects from other culture to update their own. apparently, if all are open-minded about different traditions and behaviors, the idea of a global village could come true in corner of the earth, with people living in harmony and each enjoy his own cultural heritage. 文章绝对原创,但是篇幅太长,考试只需 250 即可,此文仅供大家学习语言表达法。希望大 家批评指正。 ================================================= 另 [原创 dadafangfang]v121a 正反理由 20 条(英文) 注意:使用的语言有一定难度, 对于那些只要靠六分的同学来说, 完全可以用更简单的语 言加以表达。仅供参考。 for: 1. if we observe the local customs and rules we could reduce the chances of offending the locals and misunderstanding consciously or unconsciously. 2. many embarrassments and conflicts are results of differences in custom and traditions between the tourists and the locals, the solution to which woul d be for the visitors to appreciate and imitate local culture and behaviours. 3. for instance, many a time, american ladies are embarrassed by repeated questions about marriage, age, weight, and salary raised by chinese visitors who are only trying to be friendly by showing concerns over personal matter s, which, by the way, is the right thing to do in china. 4. understanding and following their way of life shows our respect for the local people and thus makes it easier to establish good relationship with the m. 5. odd as some of the customs seem, they enable us to better appreciate that country’s culture and traditions, the very thing that sets up apart. 6. experiencing and appreciating others culture and custom are the purpose for travelers, but one could never fully understand a nation’s tradition until he has gained first-hand experience through following and practicing it’s

unique custom. 7. when in rome do as the romans do. 8. it gives you insight into another culture, brings you better understanding of the countries that you visit. 9. by doing things according to their custom, we can better understand them and become more tolerant toward differences, the very quality that enable us to live in harmony. 10. through accepting and practicing other custom, we broaden our minds and become more open-minded toward everything else. 11. though natural to the local people, their custom and tradition always seems fascinating to visitors from other parts of the world, the imitating of which makes the travelers life more colorful. against: 1. like religious belief, people are entitled to their traditions and custom, and should not be forced to forsake/abandon them when they travel to a different place. 2. it is unrealistic to expect visitors coming afar to readily pick up the local custom for their own culture are deep-rooted and dearest to them. 3. take many chinese americans for example. although they have spent dozens of years in the states, it is still hard for them to celebrate the Christmas instead of the traditional chinese spring festivals. 4. like anything else, culture can’t remain static, especially in light of the profound technology revolution taking place worldwide; it should have the resilience to embrace culture differences so as to appeal to larger numbers of people, especially the younger generation, who stands at the forefront of changes and take up new things readily. 5. as a kind of unofficial ambassadors, travelers bring different culture to the destination country, which not only enriches their lives but promote mutualunderstanding as well. 6. nowadays, we are experiencing a kind of cultural integration, whose advantages far outweigh its disadvantages. 7. had it not for the tolerance of chinese people toward foreign culture, people in china would have stick to the rigid system of wearing long robes on all occasions for women and men alike, which is cumbersome and wasteful of cloth. 8. culture understanding and exchange can promote world’s economy becau -se there have been numerous cases in which the failure to take into conside -ration of another culture had lead to great economic losses. 9. paradoxically, for any nation to preserve its unique culture heritages, she has to first embrace cultural difference in order to increase the awareness of its own culture for its citizens. 范文 2 travelling to a different culture can be an overwhelming,indeed,even an intimidating experie

nce.it is very easy for misunderstandings to occur,and tourists are often deterred from plac es of cultural interest through fear of offending the indigenous people.therefore,some woul d argue,it is up to the locals to accomodate visitors by speaking their language,serving the ir cuisine,and generally making them 'at home'.without doing this,local perple can be consid ered as unfriendly and viewed with suspicion by travellers.consequently they are dissuaded f rom staying,which is ultimately detrimental to the local community,as the tourists take thei r spending-money with them. the counterview argues that acting naturally does not necessarily equate with being unfriend ly.if a local person wishes to live their life as his or her ancestors have done for centuri es then visitors should show respect and allow them to do so.in fact,many would argue that i mmersing one's self in a different culture is vital in order to truly appreciate it.nothin g is gained by travelling,potentially,thousands of miles to experience the same language,foo d and culture that could have been found a few miles down the road from one's house.ultimate ly,it is a waste of money,nothing is learned from the experience,and the memories saved wil l be less vivid. this is the point of view i take.although it is vital for many countries' economies to welco me tourists,it does not have to imitate them so as to encourage their stay.if travellers hav e the right mind-set and show respect,all they need to do is to let the locals carry out the ir day-to-day lives to gain many insights into the culture.in this way,visitor and host ca n mutually benefit each other,through an increased income,and an enriching experience,respec tively. 范文 3 nowaday,the culture shock exists between the tourists and host country.therefore,some peopl e consider should try to model themselves on the local culture and convention.personally,i t otally agree with the above point. firstlly,by abserving and understanding of local culture,the tourists can reduce the chanc e of offending the locals and misunderstanding consiously and unconsiously.in manchu area o f china,people think the dog is their anticedent.if you come there,you must always show resp ects and love to dog,otherwise it will lead to the embarrassment and conflict. secondly,understanding and following the activites of local people can show our respects t o them.by doing things with their way,we will be easy to establish the good relationship wit h them.the local residents often feel friendly when their culture are imitated and understoo d.they are unconsiously bring us into the members of them. in addition,imitating can let us gain insigts into other countries.we not only can know what s people's life is like in other counties,we also can be enlarged our knowledge and broade d our horizon,which will be cherish wealth in our life. to sum up.tourists should adjust themselves adapt to the local habits and customs,which wil l make them fully enjoy their travel and live in harmony!

范文 4 Recent years, because traffic is convenient day-by-day, people have a more chance to travel around the world. Th e plane can make us reach any corner of the earth in a short time. Some people think visitors to others countries sh ould imitated local custom and behaviors. Some people disagree; they think the host country should welcome cultu re different. As the a famous saying goes: Do as they do at Rome. The knowledge of local custom can help o utside person adapt to the new environment rapidly. Moreover, each place has the own uniqu e culture, may keep in touch more ideology and culture through the local folkways and custom s. For instance, a Chinese people came to Britain, he can imitate British life style. In thi s way, He can understand British habit more thoroughly, thus, make himself live a more comfo rtable life in Britain. On the other hand, the outside thought has a lot of positive influence on local culture to o. For example, the outside thought could bring the new theory and inject vigor into local c ulture. The exchanges of outside thought and traditional culture can help people to find ou t about the culture of other areas and countries. Making a general survey of human history, it is a positive trend that the nationality has be en merging all the time. So, we should not only propagate local culture for the outside peop le but also study outside culture and custom. In this way, the earth would become a famil y, all the people would get along harmoniously.

范文 5 121 As the world grows smaller, as ever-increasing numbers of people travel, work or study abroad, more attention is being focused on how to treat culture difference. It has risen as to the issue of whether foreigner should follow the custom of visited country, or host nation should greet the exotic culture. Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument on both sides. Some people claim that visitors should learn and suit local culture and behavior, which is benefit for both visited nation and exotic people. As far as visited country is concerned, it is an effective measure to protect local custom and culture heritage that is formed through thousands of years. To foreigners, by learning local custom and culture they understand the behavior and way of local citizen, and adapt to the society quickly. In addition, it is a good chance of broadening their horizon and expanding their experience. However, other people also have strong reasons to argue that any nation should embrace the different culture. At first, Foreigners usually take many novel ideas and things that will enrich the entertainment and recreation. In the second place, visitors might push the economic development of host country. For example, in Chinese history, Zhenhe took many new technique such as weaving cloth, agriculture and making wine to south-east Asia, which exerted great

influence on local people's lives. Last of all, in the era of information, for a company or a nation it is good way to gain undefeated position only by learning external world and making others to learn yourself. Taking into account of all these factors, I am in favor of the latter view that nation should embrace the difference culture and absorb it's merit. In the near future, all the people on the earth will break through the border of nation and live in one happy family.

V121 Nowhere in the world has the issue of culture shock been so much debated like in our societ y. Nowadays culture shock stands out particularly between tourists and host countries, there fore dozens of people considered visitors should try to adapt local traditional culture an d habit of living. The above point is certainly true, this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that respecting the custom and behavior of the host country can help tour ists understand its culture. For instance, in Islamic countries, their belief is that the pe ople can’t eat pork; they think that pig is not a symbol of spotlessness and pig will sull y their holy belief. Therefore, when the visitors come to the Islamic countries, they shoul d accept the custom, and then they will be greeted by indigene. There is no better example t han this to demonstrate the strength of this point. Another reason is that it is the best way to express tourists’ respect. Everyone state own s her behaviors and custom; history saw the development of this country. For example, when t ourists go to visit host country, perhaps some of things are so out of fashion. However visi tors also admire local culture and custom, it will be good for their communication with indi gene. Last but not the least reason is based on the reason of safety. Considering personal safet y, visitors should pay attention to their manners and actions. Sometimes, rude actions wil l be brought dangers for tourists. In conclusion, the tourists should respect and understand local traditional culture and cust om of host country. Otherwise it will be chill journey for visitors. 121 Nowadays, tourism is developing flourishingly and more and more people travel abroad. When people visit others countries, facing the local customs and behaviors, should imitate it or not, there is a hot debate. Some people hold that we should imitate the local customs and behaviors of the foreign country. First of all, respect is one of the most important factors while we visit others countries. Understanding and following their way of life shows our respect for the local people and thus makes it easier to establish good relationship with them. Secondly, many embarrassments and

conflicts are results of differences in custom and traditions between the tourists and the locals, the solution to which would be for the visitors to appreciated and imitate local culture and behaviors. If we don’t experience their customs and behaviors by ourselves, it is hard to understand the local people and culture. By doing things according to their custom, we can better understand them and become more tolerant toward differences, the very quality that enable us to live in harmony. Thirdly, the foreign custom and traditional always seems fascinating to visitors from other parts of the world, the imitating of which makes the travelers life more colorful. On the other side, however, those who oppose the above viewpoint believe that the host country should welcome culture different. In the first place, as a kind of unofficial ambassadors, travelers bring different culture to the destination country, which not only enriches their lives but promote mutual-understanding as well. Besides, imitating is not the best or the only way to understand the local customs and behaviors well. The understanding of the foreign culture also can be through careful observing and intently perceiving. What’s more, for any nation to preserve its unique culture heritages, she has to first embrace cultural difference in order to increase the awareness of its own culture for its citizens. In addition, it is unrealistic to expect visitors coming after to readily pick up the local custom for their own culture and deep-tooted and dearest to them. And we are experiencing a kind of cultural integration, whose advantages far outweigh its disadvantages. People of both sides have their own sound reason to support their opinions. Taking all the above into consideration, to be honest, it is difficult for me to make a decision and I have to hold a balance point of view. It is need not to imitate the foreign customs and behaviors completely, and at the same time, understanding the local culture through this kind of way is not a bad way.

下面是小作文专题: 下面是小作文专题:
105 t1 A The chart shows the status of government finance in four countries, England America, Keny

a, D, and it classifies the expenditure in four part, including Education, Defense, Healt h, and other. The common ground of four countries is expenditure in other accounts for the primary part, w hich all are close to seventy per cent. The cost in health is also similar in four countrie s. From the chart we could know that the invest in health in these countries holds ten per c ent in all government expenditure equally, except in England, the health expenditure of whic h is about fifteen per cent. The differences are in the part of the cost in Education and Defense. In England and Americ a, the governments pay more attention to the defense. Respectively, there are ten per cent i n the full cost in England and fifteen in America. On the other hand, In Kenya and D, more e xpending is used in Education, the cost of which is about fifteen per cent. The cost in Defe nse in both countries is a little. verson 105 task 1,请大家来评能得几分 The above four pie charts show the expenditure condition in four countries, Korea, Americ a, Britain, and Kenya during 1990-1995. It infects the great difference that exists betwee n wealthier and poorer nations. As we can see from the pie charts, American and British people tend to spend more money on d efense and health. The proportion of health in America and Britain, which occupied/took up/c omprised 15% and 17% respectively, was higher than the other two countries. The proportion o f defend was over 20%, particularly in America up to 21%. The corresponding figures for Keny a and Korea were 4% and 5% each. The noticeable character of expenditure in Korea and Kenya was higher expense proportion o n education. There are 16% and 12% of the total expenditure used by them on education. Thes e figures were overwhelmingly higher than the corresponding figure of 6% in America and 5% i n Britain. These four countries have similar condition in the expenditure aspect of education, defend a nd health, which was about 70% of the overall outgoings. A 106 task 1 The following charts describe the situation of patent application. Chart 1 is about trends o f patent application form 1985 to 1999. Chart 2 shows the proportion relevant to residents a nd non-residents in USA, Japan, Brazil and Zabya. In Chart 1, the column figures illustrates the number of native people in USA is about 9000 0, while the non-native figure is 85000. Though the total number is much than the situatio n of Japan, there are 140000 native people applied for patent in this country. However, onl y 30000 applications are about non-residents. At the same time, Brazil only contains nativ e application and Zabya only have non-native application. Regarding Chart 2, the line graph shows an increasing trend of patent application. From 198 1 to 1995, the figure climbed steady with some slight fluctuation. However, after 1995, thi s increasing trend began to ascend dramatically from 3 million applications to almost 7 appl ications. From the charts, in developed countries such as Japan and USA, the number of patent applicat ion cases is numerous, while developing countries have low figures. The patent application s improve rapidly recently.

108 task 1 The following curved chart show the situation concerning the costs of videos sales and renta ls trade in EU and US from 1992 to 2000. The abscissa of the chart represents the value of e ach element, and the ordinate figures the time during 8 years. In rental trade, there are dramatically different between the situation of US and EU. in 199 2, there are almost$6000 profits in US. However, the trade in EU only generalized $2500 a t the same time. Then the trend kept climbing in following year though there were still som e little drops in US, while EU got the decrease from $ 2500 to $1500. Regarding the situation of sales trade, there were very close figures in 1992 respectivel y $2000 in US and $1800 in EU. Then the data in US had ascended without any fall in the pe riod. Simultaneously, after a series fluctuations, the data in EU dropped to $1000 in 2000. From the chart, the value about videos sales and rental in US is much than EU. Rentals are p opular in US during this stage, while sales were developing very fast. Both rental and sale s in EU kept drop from 1992 to 2000.

109

TASK 1Life-span is known as a matter of great concern for the general public in our so

ciety from ancient time to now. According to the above table we can obtain some informatio n about the life-span from 1911 to 2001 in the UK. In 1911, only 73 men and 100 women were 100 or more 100 years old. However, in 1941, the num ber of people who can reach to 100 years old increased to 449 that includes 132 males and 31 7 females. Then, the number reached to 2332 in 1971 which contains 287 males and 2035 female s. In 2001, the number of males is about 536 while approximately 4085 are females s’ number in 1911 while males only went up about 7 times . Judging by the figures, we are fully justified in declaring that with the development of th e science and technology, the people’ life-span is increasing slowly and most of them are w s omen. Another i mportant phenomenon is that in 2001 the number of females increased 40 times than the male

110 task 1 The first bar chart show that the goals of the learners could change with their age, under 2 6 about 90% people start for their careers. While only about 10% are just for their interest s. However when people are over 49, over 70% people are for their own interest, comparing wi th less than 40% for careers. This is an interesting situation. Companying with the increas e of age, from under 26 to above 49, the percentage of the people studying for careers is de creasing gradually, from 90% to 40%. By contrast more and more people study for interest fro m about 10% up to about 75%, and they are equal approximately during 40 and 49. According to the second chart, there is a waving change between age and employee support. In deed, the highest spot of employee support is under 26,up to 60%. Then the percentage is dim inishing step by step. And during 30and39,it reaches the lowest spot ,about 30%.next,it incr eases slowly again. Until above 49,it has gotten about50%. Those two charts demonstrate the interesting relationship between people’s age goal and emp loyee support.

111 task 1the following chart describes the situation regarding underground transportation i n London, Paris, Tokyo, Washington DC, Kyoko and Los Angel. The major cites founded their subway system in the 20th century, which was in Tokyo, Washing ton DC, Kyoko. London firstly completed its underground work and began to operate in 1836. t he lastest time that Los Angel had had its subway was after 136 years. London has the longest underground railway distance, which is almost 2 times than Paris. Tok yo and Washington DC have similar datum which are 149 kilometer and 114 kilometer respective ly. Kyoko only contains 11 kilometer of route length. Though the longest route is in London, the most carrying capacity is Tokyo's subway syste m. It carried about 1434 million passengers per year, while 548 million people in London a t the same time. The figures in Washington DC are not achieved 100, only 70 per year. Kyot o only carries 11 million people which is the lowest carrying capacity in all six cities. verson 111 task 1 there is a table which illustrates the relative data about underground system in six countri es, london, paris, tokyo, washington d.c, kyoto and los angeles. in 1983 the first railway was built in london, which is the longest railway (1100km) in th e six cities. the carrying capacity reach 548 million people per year. as a countries havin g railway earlier, paris established the first underground in 1890 and 850 million people pe r year were carried by using 548 kilometer railway. comparatively, tokyo has relatively les s railway (149 km), but it carries most people per year about 1434 million people. similarl y, the railway in los angeles is used effectively. people in los angeles use 14 km railway t o carry 306 million people per year when it was built in 2001 firstly. overall, the cities ,having the first railway and the longest railway, the railway of havin g the biggest carrying capacity, the most effective railway are london, tokyo, los angeles r espectively verson 113 task 1 看完给些意见。 was divided into five short periods.

there is a chart which illustrate the number of softwoods and hardwoods in new south wale s, australia from 1990 to 1998, which as we can see from the diagram, the number of softwoods increased steadily from the period o f 1990-1991 to the period of 1996-1997, peaking at x1, and then decreased slightly in 199 8. however, there was a slight increase in the number of hardwoods at the first three period s. by 1996 this trend continued to climb up at a quicker rate especially from 1997 to 1998 a nd reached a peak at x2. obviously, the number of the hardwoods went up dramatically during the whole period while th e corresponding data of the softwoods fluctuate slightly. i rather say, both the numbers o f hardwoods and softwoods went up gradually the first 7 years, while softwoods come down t o the level similar to that of the year before, noticeably, hardwoods multiplied its numbe r to more than two time in 1998 than one year before

114 TASK 1

According to an investigation of girls and boys watching TV in a school day, we can see tha t fewer and fewer students have a chance to watch TV being face with a heavy school day. It is shown in the table that about 50 percent of girls and boys can watch TV for 1 to 5 hou rs. Approximately 20 percent of girls have less than 1 hour to watch TV and the percentage o f boys is much lower, which is almost the same as the situation of watching for 5 to 9 hour s. We will be astonished to see that less than 5 percent of children have no time to watch T V but the same percentage of them have more than 9 hours to watch. As is described in the table, we can find that the latest time is allowed for watching TV i s centered on the time between 7:30pm to 11:00pm. Nearly 50 percent of children have to sto p watching at 7:30pm to 9:30pm and 40 percent at 9:30pm to 11:00pm. Nevertheless, there ar e still a few students indulge in the TV world after 11:00pm. 关于 V118task1 美国黄石公园火灾范文 The flow diagram shows how a forest is regenerated in a national park after being destroye d by fire. The following report describes the process in greater detail. First of all, the forest is hit by lightning and a fire breaks out. The fire spreads quickl y because the trees are very close together and there are also old pieces of wood lying on t he ground and as a result the forest is completely destroyed by the fire. However, after th e forest has been burnt down the ash from the trees fertilizes the soil and creates ideal co ndition for plant growth. In the next 50 years seedlings from the trees begin to grow and the trees continue to grow u ntil the forest is back to its former state, which takes 300 or more years. In conclusion, forests can regenerate themselves, but it takes a long time and as forests ar e important for the environment, their protection is also important. 118 小作文 This is a flow chart that describes how the trees in the yellow stone park in the USA will b e replanted. After the light and fire had destroyed the trees, most of the trees became soil and dead wo od gradually. Then some saplings were planted in the area which was destroyed by the light a nd fire. In the next 50 years, the young trees will grow slowly. Over the next 100 years, the trees will reproduce, the area of trees will expand extensivel y. By the next 150 to 300 years, the tree will become taller and thicker. After the next 300 years, most of the trees will fully grow. A new forest will replace th e old forest which was destroyed by the light and fire 300 years ago. 118 TASK 1 From the above set of pictures, we can get the information clearly about the forest of Yello wstone Park after the big fire. In the 50 years period after the huge disaster, the forest did not stop growing as people pr edicted before. The combination of the bad woods and soil and the sunshine from the sun offe red a perfect condition to the surviving forest. These woods strongly grew up. Between 50 t o 100 years after the fire, the woods chose by the nature, which means that just the big an d strong woods had the right to live. The time of 100 to 300 years after it was a process o

f developing of the forest. Standing on the black land and under the blue sky, the woods wer e growing sturdy. Then, fewer and fewer woods survived, but they were the best. I think there are tens of thousands of species on the world and they live in there own wa y, however, the game rule in the nature is same that is: The better would survive.


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