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综英4 Unit 5The Tapestry of Friendship


Unit 5 The Tapestry of Friendship
Text Comprehension I. C II. 1. T 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. T IV. 1. Step by step it gave an all-sided view of the complex structure of friendship. 2. This was not simply a shift from one fashion to another, but a trend toward more realistic and natural depictions in cinema-making. 3. The tendency to present only men as capable of true friendship was challenged by the appearance of a more subtle approach. 4. Buddies act tough to show off to each other, so would not reveal weakness; friends show their need for each other and are ready to confess weakness. Vocabulary I. 1. endings of profound significance 2. actions and words that show intimacy 3. disgusting secrets 4. to be dispassionate and moderate in behavior 5. closed life with very little communication with the outside II. 1. hang together 2. picking on 3. soldiering 4. showing off 5. will make a difference 6. binges 7. intimacy 8. resiliency III. 1. fragility 2. drastic 3. replacement 4. athleticism 5. portrayal 6. inheritance 7. confidence 8. embarrassing IV. 1. B 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. A 6. A 7. C 8. D V. 1. alter (transfer, change) 2. show (indicate, manifest, exhibit) 3. delicate (slight, nice, fine) 4. prosperity (success) 5. consider (regard, deem, judge) 6. embarrassed (uneasy, uncomfortable) 7. embrace (hold, cuddle) 8. astonishing (amazing) VI. 1. argument 2. projects 3. friendly 4. finished 5. not to hurry 6. sensible; well-founded Grammar I. 1. The students of Class One are more hardworking than those of Class Two. 2. He has sat at the table for several hours and drunk considerably more wine than is good for his health. 3. The greater the achievements (are), the more modest we should be. 4. The British are crazy about pets. It is said that British parents take better care of their pets than of their children. 5. Tom likes pop music more than his eighteen-year-old daughter does. 6. Mary would do it much more quickly I would. 7. I like Betty and Mary, but I think Betty's the nicer of the two. 8. It's the most expensive car in the world. II.1. In 1970, the number of students in our school was about five hundred, and in 1981, over two

thousand. 2. Reading makes a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man. 3. Paul likes poetry, but Peter fiction. 4. The hunter was frightened and was firing at the bear. 5. While at college, he was a prominent athlete. 6. Mr. Brown teaches, and his son studies, at Cambridge. 7. Thales thought water was the beginning of everything; Anaximernes, air; Heraclitus, fire. 8. Max lost but Sue found the key to the safe. III. 1. The aeroplane, loaded to capacity, was a long time taing off. 2. Any dutiable articles not declared to the customs will be liable to confiscation. 3. This scene, superbly acted by Henry Irving, moved the audience to tears. 4. Overseas letters sent by airmail reach their destination faster than those sent by train or ship. 5. The castle, burnt down in the sixteenth century, was never rebuilt. 6. Words spoken in haste often lead to trouble. 7. Not a single case of T. B. was found in the X-rays studied. 8. The men, soaked with sweat from an all-night march, immediately went into action. IV. 1. rather 2. rather 3. fairly/rather 4. fairly 5. rather 6. rather 7. rather 8. rather V. What have done to your clothes? How could you have managed to get so muddy? If you've been playing on the river bank, it's extremely naughty of you. You know the banks are very slippery and that you might fall in and drown. You both know you've been forbidden to play near the river. Translation I. 1. 电影镜头这种观察社会的特殊眼睛好像彻底变换了聚焦对象。 2. 这些形影不离的银幕形象似乎是来自远古社会-----故事情节好像是制片人从诠释男性间 密切关系的人类学通俗读物里选取出来似的。 3. 男性伙伴因共同参与某种活动而相互联系在一起。 4. 一位男士曾经告诉她说,男人只有一起“经历过战争”------无论是商场、运动还是战场的 战争-----才能成为真正的伙伴。 II. 1. Your remarks do make sense, but the way of expression borders on rudeness. 2. Any unemployed person counts as deserving government help. 3. On the whole I am quite satisfied with the experient. 4. A person's appearance makes a difference in how others judge him. 5. Advertising tends to portray women in very traditional roles. 6. Having inherited a considerable fortune, the twin sisters just couldn't wait to show off their jewelry. 7. Public interests once again shifted its focus to the changes in the urban environment. 8. The new type of trains can run smoothly at the speed of about 500 kilometres per hour; in constrats, the old ones are slow and clumsy. III. 如同其他许多欧洲国家一样,在法国,朋友通常是在同性之间交往的,而友谊被认为基 本上是男人之间的一种关系。法国妇女嘲笑"女人不能成为朋友"这种说法,但她们有时也承 认,对女人来说,朋友是“另一回事儿”。另外,许多法国人对男女之间是否可能存在友谊表 示怀疑。在一个团体中存在着这样一种关系,男女在一起工作了很长一段时间,他们之间的

关系可能很密切,彼此忠诚,感觉亲切。他们可能彼此称 copains----这个词的英语意思是“朋 友”,但却更接近“老铁”或“哥们”的含义。在法国人眼里这不是友谊,虽然这种团体中的两 个人很可能成为朋友。


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