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安徽省皖南八校2016届高三上学期第一次联考(10月)英语试卷 Word版含答案


“皖南八校”2016 届高三第一次联考 英 语
2015. 10.23

第 I 卷(共 100 分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后

,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£19. 15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15. 答案是 C。 1. What will the speakers probably do? A. Drive home. B. Ask for help. C. Buy a road map. 2. Where do the speakers want to meet? A. In the bank. B. At the cinema. C. Outside the Town Hall. 3. What is the woman going to do? A. Get a haircut. B. Go to have a coffee. C. Go to the man's home. 4. What will the weather in Paris be like in the coming week? A. Warm. B. Sunny. C. Rainy. 5. When is the clinic open? A. At weekends. B. From Monday to Friday. C. During the whole week. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每 小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What makes Mr. Jackson out of the office? A. He has been injured. B. He has gone to London. C. He is looking after his wife. 7. Who will do his work while he is away? A. His wife. B. The boss. C. The secretary. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8.9 题。 8. What does the man feel after his job interview? A. Hopeful. B. Desperate. C. Anxious.

9. How many people were able to go to the second interview? A. Sixteen. B. Twelve. C. Four. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the two speakers? A. At a theatre. B. At an exhibition. C. At a stadium. 11. Why is the woman stopped by the man? A. Her dog is behaving badly. B. It's against the rules to bring a dog in. C. She has no ticket for her dog. 12. How many people are there in the theatre tonight? A. None. B.A few. C. Crowded. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 1 6 题。 13. Where does this conversation take place? A. In a dining hall. B. In a hospital. C.In a lecture room. 14. What did the man do? A. He took some medicine. B.He saw a doctor. C. He had vegetables for lunch. 15. What was wrong with the man? A. He got a cold. B. He had nothing for lunch. C. He couldn't sleep well. 16. What does the woman mean? A. The man should have meals regularly. B. The man should pay attention to his health. C. The man should go to Dr. Kevin's office. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 1 7 至 20 题。 17. How many days does the cinema open a week? A. Two. B. Five. C. Seven. 18. What's the name of next week's Chinese film? A. Hong Kong Art. B. My Happy Life. C.A Happy Wife. 19. How much does a special student ticket for all the midweek films cost? A。$50. B.$100. C.$150. 20. Where is the nearest car park to the cinema? A. On Hong Kong Avenue. B. On Nathan Road. C .On China Road. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Illustrated Talks at London Canal Museum Illustrated talks are held at 7:30 pm, on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission to talks and museum is charged at the usual museum admission charges.

3rd September: Protecting our Waterway Heritage by Nigel Crowe. Nigel is the Conservation Adviser to the Canal and River Trust(运河信托公司) . He undertook a comprehensive survey of the heritage of the waterways when first appointed, and now advises the CRT on its protection. 1st October: The Canal and River Trust by John Dodwell. Founding trustee and long standing waterways enthusiast(狂热者) John Dodwell will detail the Trust's progress to date. He will explain the issues they face and the limits under which they work. 5th November: The work of the Thames Ironworks Heritage Trust by Gavin Redknap. Gavin was one of the founders of the Trust that is working to save and restore some of the few surviving craft built at the Thames Ironworks Yard at the mouth of Bow Creek. The Trust plans to use the fleet of restored one-hundred-year-old lifeboats for community projects on the Lower Lee. 3rd December: The River Thames Society and the River Thames by Peter Finch. Peter, who is Chairman of the River Thames Society, will explain the role and function of the society and then go on to talk about London's river and some of the issues it faces. 21. When is the talk on the waterways' protection? A. 3rd September. B. 1st October. C. 5th November. D. 3rd December. 22. What is the topic of the talk in November? A. The Canal and River Trust. B. Protecting our Waterway Heritage. C. The work of the Thames Ironworks Heritage Trust. D. The River Thames Society and the River Thames. 23. will give the talk on the River Thames society. A. John Dodwell. B. Peter Finch. C. Nigel Crowe. D. Gavin Redknap. B Eva Mozes Kor has good reasons to look down upon Oskar Groning. When she and her twin sister, Miriam, arrived in the Auschwitz death camp, they were met by Josef Mengele and became part of the cruel scientist's experiments. Groning was a junior squad(小队)leader at the camp. While Groning could argue he was not directly responsible for procedures carried out on twins, nor for the mass murder of so many others, he played a critical role in the effort to kill Jews. After the war Groning led an ordinary, quiet life until he became alarmed by the rise of Holocaust deniers. He went public with his role and in September 2014 was charged as an accessory(从犯) to murder. When Groning went on trial in April 2015, Eva Mozes Kor was called as a witness. After her session, she walked straight up to the 93-year-old former Nazi and shook his hand. Eva Mozes Kor will never forget nor excuse what the Nazis did. Her two books make that clear: Surviving the Angel of Death. and the earlier Echoes from Auschwitz. She has also spent her post-war years drawing attention to the Holocaust, in the hope of preventing a repeat of its horrors.

At the same time, she is dedicated (致力 ) to healing rather than revenge. As she wrote in a Facebook post: Forgiving does not mean forgetting-we all want to prevent these thing's from ever happening again. Forgiveness is about self-healing , self-liberation , and self-empowerment. . . . Let's a// work together to teach the world how to heal. As a survivor suffering so much, Eva Mozes Kor is a role model for the kind of forgiveness that mends souls, a forgiveness that carries with it the responsibility to work for a world in which such horrors no longer happen. 24. At the camp, Groning _ . A. killed many Jews directly B. treated Eva Mozes Kor badly C. experimented on Eva Mozes Kor D. contributed to killing more Jews 25. Facing Holocaust deniers again, Groning felt _ . A. amazed B. upset C. fearful D. quiet 26. Why did Eva Mozes Kor shake hands with Groning? A. To show her mercy. B. To appreciate his justice. C. To expect to forgive him. D. To encourage others to follow her. 27. What is the author's attitude to Eva Mozes Kor's forgiveness? A. Objective. B. Favorable. C. Doubtful. D. Unclear. C Blue-eyed people have been living in Europe for at least 7,000 years, scientists have discovered. A man who lived on the Iberian Peninsula before Europeans became farmers probably had blue eyes but dark hair and skin, according to scientists who have sequenced (按序排列 ) his DNA. This surprising combination of eye, hair and skin coloring may not have been unusual during his lifetime, but it is no longer seen among modern Europeans, reported by the journal Nature. The man, a Neolithic hunter-gatherer known to scientists as La Brana I, is of great interest to scientists because he offers a snapshot (简况) of what was in Europeans' DNA before agriculture spread through the continent. Experts have theorized that certain genetic feature spread quickly among humans after they adopted the farming lifestyle. La Brana I shows that at least some of their predictions were correct. The man's skeleton, along with that of a male companion, was discovered in 2006 in a cave in what is now northeastern Spain. The site, known as La Brana-Arintero, sits about 5, 000 feet above sea level, and the cave provided a cold, refrigerator-like environment that preserved his DNA. In the lab, scientists were able to remove enough DNA from a single tooth to reconstruct La Brana I's entire genome (基因组). They compared it to the DNA of other ancient Europeans (including Otzi, the 5, 300-year-old mummy found in an Alpine glacier) and determined that he was a closer match with hunter-gatherers than with farmers.

When it came to genes that would influence La Brana I's appearance, the researchers found that their 7,OOO-year-old subject had versions of two skin pigment(色素) genes that are either very rare or nonexistent among Europeans today. Then they looked at other places in the genome that influence pigmentation(色素沉着) and found a mix of ancient and modern gene variants(变种). Taken together, La Brana I's DNA “is likely to have resulted in dark skin pigmentation and dark or brown hair," they wrote. However, his DNA indicates that his eyes were most likely blue, the scientists found. This suggests that gene variants for light-colored eyes and skin did not spread together, they wrote, adding that La Brana I's combination “of dark skin and non-brown eyes is unique and no longer present in contemporary European populations. " Today, a blue-eyed person would typically have fair skin. To get some idea of whether La Brana I's coloring was unusual for his day, the researchers will try to sequence the DNA of his companion, who has been named La Brana II. 28. Why are scientists interested in La Brana I? A. They can know Europeans' DNA. B. They can know the ancient agriculture in Europe. C. They can know European hunter-gatherers' DNA. D. They can know some of their predictions were correct. 29. La Brana I remains as it was due to . A. dry weather B. a cold condition C. proper protection D. a high cave 30. Which of the following is TRUE? A. La Brana I's gene variants spread together. B. La Brana I's DNA influences his appearance. C. La Brana I's appearance influences contemporary Europeans. D. La Brana I's gene is completely different from the contemporary Europeans'. 31. What does the last paragraph suggest? A. La Brana II has the same genome with La Brana I. B. Blue-eyed people were common in Europe 7,000 years ago. C. Brana I's combination of dark skin and non-brown eyes is unique. D. It's not certain that La Brana's appearance was common at that time. D The huge explosion in Tianjin is only a symptom of a much bigger problem plaguing(折 磨)China today ! Laws are often not enforced(执行) , or are enforced half-heartedly. The law clearly prohibits storage of dangerous goods and chemicals within a certain radius of residential areas, and there must be strict adherence(坚持)to rules on storage and transportation, etc. The fact that this accident occurred so close to residential areas, resulting in devastating damage to homes and serious injuries to residents, shows that the law was not strictly enforced. Whoever approved the siting of that logistic plant (物流工厂) in that particular area has a lot to answer for. Often, officials come to take action only after lives are lost. Another case in point is the unfortunate death of a young mother in the escalator accident in a shopping mall recently. Problems with elevators and escalators have been around for ages, and residents have made countless complaints, but to no avail. After the accident, city

officials fan out all over the country checking on escalators for faults, and many escalators have been shut down for repairs. This kind of action is a kneejerk reaction (习惯反应) to a serious disaster! There are many disasters waiting to happen. And all are due to weak or non-existent enforcement. For instance, it's well known that many residents add an extra floor to the roof-top of their apartment bocks, endangering the safety of the block, while others dig into their ground floor units to create an extra basement living area, hacking away concrete slabs and cutting steel bars which are the basic foundation of the building, seriously jeodardizing(危害) its safety. Neighbors complain, city officials come round and leave, saying they can't do anything as the owner wouldn't open his door for an inspection! They would often leave a note on the owner's door telling him to stop construction, but true to form, the owner just ignores it. This is the kind of enforcement we see so often in China. What is urgently needed in China is a complete overhaul(大修) of the enforcement practice, with every official held accountable for his failure to enforce the law strictly! Why wait till lives are lost before acting? 32. What does the fact that the huge explosion in Tianjin resulted in serious injuries show? A. It is very difficult to enforce laws. B. People are not aware of the danger. C. The law was not strictly enforced. D. There is no law for ensuring us safe. 33.In what purpose do some residents dig into their ground floor units according to the passage ? A. To follow their neighbors. B. To create an extra basement living area. C. To protect themselves safe. D. To add an extra floor to the roof-top of their apartment bocks. 34. How did the author develop the passage? A. Topic-Argument-Explanation. B. Opinion-Discussion-Description. C. Main idea-Comparison-Supporting examples. D. Introduction-Supporting examples-Conclusion. 35. The author wrote the passage to____ A. blame some officials B.make a complaint C. call on acting before lives are lost D. urge that more laws should be made 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 How to Start Your Day Right What we do in our day, how we act, and how we react to situations and to people, is equally important to how we start our day. Often, we start our day with a schedule. But less often do we choose to do certain things that will help jump-start our day. It's important to get our day off to a good start because how we start our day will determine how the rest of the day

goes. Here I share some tricks with you to start your day right. 36 Whatever you believe can and will come to pass. Believe that you can accomplish great things and you can reach your goals, and you will. If you start your day with fear, you're already on a path to ruin the rest of your day. Leave yesterday in the past. Yesterday has come and gone. Too many people do not progress in life because they live in the events of yesterday. 37 You cannot live it over. You cannot do it over . Stop regretting and start living today. Pursue purpose. Every day you live is based upon the days that have already passed. Each day should be a strong pursuit of purpose. 38 That will last longer than you. Set goals. Start your day with goals that you want to reach. 39 On your worst days, if you keep your goals front and center in your mind, they will push you and pull you forward. Adjust your attitude. We don't feel great everyday but we can choose to feel great, look great, and be great with a little adjustment of the attitude. The right attitude will carry you a very long way.__40 A. Be sure to have faith. B. Don't make it too difficult to reach. C. Make right choices when facing trouble. D. There is nothing you can do to change the past. E. Struggle to do something great and meaningful. F. Your goals will keep you focused, stable, and clear. G. The right attitude can also change situations to turn in your favor. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D)中,选出可以填人空白处的 最 佳选项。 Real blessing's and service comes straight from heart. We were sitting on the 41 . The man behind us was on the 42 . After a “business" call, he phoned his 43 . He explained some money he was supposed to obtain wouldn't be paid 砌 one lump(一次性)but that they would get it 44 they had to wait a while longer. It didn't sound 45 . She must have asked what he wanted for 46 and he replied that the last thing he wanted her to do on her 47 was cooking. Her not cooking seemed 48 to him , as if it was all he had to give. So he suggested they 49 a take-away and said he knew a place 50 meals for a very 51 price. For “reasonable", I heard “cheap.” Then she must have explained that the take-away wouldn't work for their son. So he suggested buying a 52 meal for the boy and they would share a meal. Then she must have asked about a couple of extra. He 53 her it would be no problem. I was guessing she asked if he could 54 it. He replied. “Yes, I can. Yes…yes, I can.” And I thought God love, no you can't. As the bus 55 my stop, he was just saying goodbye to her. At that moment, he was painfully bending down onto the floor. I think I 56 gave him a fright! I put some 57 in his hand and said, “Get something nice for her birthday." As I got off the bus, I could see him looking-shocked-from the money, to me, to the

phone. And I knew he was 58 thinking, “How do I 59 what just happened?" But, hey, I have 60 beyond number in my life. If I can drop one into the day of a trying man, 1 always will. With pleasure! 41. A. train B. bus C. ship D. plane 42. A. way B. show C. phone D. air 43. A. wife B. son C. boss D. friend 44. A. even if B. as if C. if only D. ever since 45. A. harmful B. beautiful C. helpful D. hopeful 46. A. sale B. free C. reference D. dinner 47. A. holiday B. birthday C. trip D. duty 48. A. difficult B. fortunate C. important D. strange 49. A. think of B. rely on C. pick up D. learn from 50. A. buying B. exchanging C. sharing D. providing 51. A. reasonable B. surprising C. ridiculous D. expensive 52. A. ordinary B. different C. similar D. strange 53. A. arranged B. convinced C. appreciated D. ordered 54. A. supply B. invent C. beg D. afford 55. A. ignored B. missed C. approached D. overcame 5 6. A. perfectly B. actually C. differently D. vividly 57. A. money B. food C. gifts D. cards 58. A. probably B. suddenly C. proudly D. sadly 59. A. declare B. expect C. explain D. experience 60. A. fears B. needs C. memories D. blessings

第Ⅱ卷(共 50 分)
第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下列材料,在空白处填人适当的内容(1 个单词)或用括号内单词的正确形式。 A friend lost her husband to cancer two years ago. Almost 61 (immediate) after he died, she found out that she had cancer too. She is still going strong and her 62 (treat) is working well for now. She always has a smile and kind words for everyone. One of the hobbies 63 I have had over these years is to take photographs, particularly candid shots (偷拍)of people laughing and 64 (smile).I have a great head shot of my friend and her husband, from about one year or two before he 65 (die). They both have the loveliest smiles in the photo. I ordered an enlargement of it. I gave it to her last night. 1 was very nervous of 66 it might go. Although there were floods of tears from her, we all had lots of hugs and they were good tears. It is one of the nicer 67 (picture) she has of him. She couldn't thank 68 (I)enough and was shocked that I had done such a 69 (thought) thing for her. I felt it was only a tiny effort on my part, 70 it led to an amazing result. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was when we students were taking final exam that I clearly remember something happens last term. Mr. Zhang, a young teacher in charge of our class, as usually before exams, had told the students all the rules: no talking, no mobile phone and so on. He was walking back and forth in the classroom while suddenly a phone rang. What's more worse, all the students looked up to him at once. It must took him ages to find the phone in his bag and her face immediately turned red. One of the student was laughing so many that she fell out of her chair unexpectedly. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是 Abby,是学校英文报社“知心学长”栏目主编。一位叫 Sophia 的学妹来信反映 自 己有“拖延”的坏习惯。即使她有很多如做作业、弹琴等重要的事要做,也总是不由自主地 把时 间花在看电视、玩手机等琐事上,为此她非常苦恼。请用英文给她回信,提一些建议。 内容包括:1.拖延的本质; 2.改正的建议。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.文章的开头和结尾已给出,不计人总词数。 参考词汇:procrastination n.拖延,耽搁 Dear Sophia, I am glad to hear from you.

In a word, don't spoil yourself. Although you have a long way to go, the first step is very essential. Good luck! Yours, Abby


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