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内蒙古北方重工业集团有限公司第三中学2014-2015学年高一英语下学期期中试题


北重三中 2014-2015 学年度第二学期期中考试 高一英语试题
(时间:120 分钟 满分:150 分) 第一 卷(请将答案涂在答题卡上) 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A One day an American called Simon went to London to visit his friend, Rick. Rick told him that his flat was on the first floor. When he arrived, Simon went straight to the first floor of the building. But he was told that there was no Rick on that floor. Do you know why? In fact, the British call the first floor of a building the ground floor. The floor above the ground floor is the first floor, which Americans would call the second floor. The story shows that there are a few culture differences between Britain and America, though the British and Americans both speak English. The British usually hide their feelings. They seldom start a conversation with strangers. For example, on the train the British often spend their time reading newspapers or books. But Americans are quite different. They’re more active and easier to talk with. The British and Americans may us e different terms for many things. The British usually use football, eraser and mail while Americans prefer to use soccer, rubber and post. 1. Simon went to London to ______. A. visit his friend B. spend his holiday C. study English D. have a meeting 2. Which picture shows us where Rick’s flat was? ______.

3. According to the passage, the British usually spend their time ______ on the train. A. pla ying cards B. talking loudly C. doing some reading D. singing and dancing 4. What does the underlined word “terms” mean in Chinese in the passage? ______. A. 成果 B.学期 C. 会议 D. 用语 B Too many people want others to be their friends, but they don’t give friendship back. That is why some friendships do not last very long. To have a friend, you must learn to be one. You must learn to treat your friend the way you want your friend to treat you. Learning to be a good friend means learning three rules: be honest; be generous; be understanding. Honesty is where a good friendship starts. Friends must be able to trust one another. If you do not tell the truth, people usually find out. If a friend finds out that you haven’t been honest, you may
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lose your friend’s trust. Good friends always trust one another to speak and act honestly. Generosity (大度) means sharing and sharing makes a friendship grow. You do not have to give your lunch money or your clothes of course. Instead you have to learn how to share things you enjoy, like your hobbies and your interest. Naturally you will want to share your ideas and feelings. These can be very valuable to a friend. Sooner or later everyone needs understanding and help with a problem. Something may go wrong at school. Talking about the problem can make it easier to solve. Turning to a friend can be a first step in solving the problem. So to be a friend you must listen and understand. No two friendships are ever exactly alike. But all true friendships have three things in common. If you plan to keep your friends, you must practice honesty, generosity, and understanding. 5. Some friendships don’t last very long because ____. A. there are too many people who want to make friends B. they don’t know friendship is something serious C. those who give others friendship receive friendship from others D. some people receive friendship but don’t give friendship back 6. The best title of this passage is _____. A. Honesty is the Best Policy B. A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed C. Three Important Points in Life D. Three Important Points in Making Friends 7. Which of the following isn’t mentioned in the passage? A. Always tell your friends the truth. B. Sharing your mind with your friends is of great value. C. Discussi ng your problems with your friend often helps to solve the problem. D. A friend who gives you his lunch money is a true friend. C Joshua, Helmut, and Bethlehem Michelle O. Donovan ISBN 9781462058679 Life is not easy for nine-year-old Joshua during World War II. Because of his family’s Jewish background, they are sent to live in the concentration camps (集中营). Scared and alone, Joshua one day makes friends with a little mouse he calls Bethlehem who becomes his closest friend. Encourage Me! Inspirational Poetry Gloria Coykendall ISBN 9781412027854 It is an easy to read collection of poems originally written to encourage in faith and to be a cure for chronic More Things in Heaven Bill Bosworth ISBN 9780595433582 In his More Things in Heaven, Bill Bosworth presents the highlights of his 83 years of life, including his trips to India and the study of the writings of several great spiritual leaders. More things in Heaven will appeal to anyone who insists on finding the deepest meaning for their existence based on their own experience. Creation or Evolution Michael Ebifegha ISBN 9781450289023 Were humans created, or did they evolve? How old is the Earth? The debate

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depression( 长期抑郁 ) … cure to strengthen identity and purpose. Seeking the Edge Dr. Joseph L. Rose ISBN 9781462031795 Seeking the Edge provides the tools and techniques to find that edge in one’s life. ---driving readers to achieve success whether in your current job, finding a new job, in education, family, or even hobbies.

between science and religion continues t o be heated. In Creation or Evolution, Michael Ebifegha examines these two opposed world views within the structure of empirical(实证的) science.

8. Who wrote the story about a little boy and a little mouse? A. Bill Bosworth. B. Michelle O. Donovan. C. Dr. Joseph L. Rose. D. Gloria Coykendall. 9. The ISBN for the book of poems is _______. A. 9781462031795 B. 9781412027854 C. 9780595433582 D. 9781462058679 10. What kind of readers will probably like reading More Things in Heaven? A. Those who are searching for the meaning of life. B. Those who are trying to be spiritual leaders. C. Those who study the art of writing. D. Those who like traveling abroad. 11. Which of the following books explores the origin of humans? A. Seeking the Edge. B. Creation or Evolution. C. Joshua, Helmut, and Bethlehem. D. Mor e Things in Heaven. D The oldest and most common source of renewable energy known to man, biomass (生物质) is one of the most important forms energy production in the United States and elsewhere. Since such a wide variety of biomass materials is everywhere —- from trees and grasses to agricultural and city —- life wastes —-biomass promises to play a continuing role in providing power and heat for millions of people around the world. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists(UCS), biomass is a kind of renewable energy source that produces no carbon dioxide(二氧化碳), because the energy it contains comes from the sun. When plant matter is burned, it gives off the sun’s energy. In this way, biomass serves as a sort of natural battery(电池) for storing the sun’s energy. As long as biomass is produced continuously —-with only as much grown as is used— the “battery” lasts forever. According to the Energy Information Administration, biomass has been one of the leading renewable energy sources in the United States for several years running through 2007, making up between 0.5 and 0.9 percent of the nation’s total electricity supply. In 2008—-although the numbers aren’t all in yet—-wind power probably took over first place because of the rapid development of wind farms across the country. Producing power from biomass helps reduce some 11 million tons of carbon dioxide each year. Some homeowners also try to make their own heat by using biomass materials. Such practice may
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save homeowner’s money, but it also produces a lot of pollution. So, the best way is to encourage power plants to use it. 12. Why is biomass considered as “ a sort of natural battery”? A. It burn s merely plant matter. B. It keeps producing electricity. C. It stores the energy from the sun. D. It produces zero carbon dioxide 13. We learn from the text that in 2008 ______. A. Wind power would be the leader of renewable energy. B. there was a rapid growth of electricity production C. biomass might become the main energy source D. 0.5~0.9 of power supply came from biomass 14. Why does the author encourage power plants to use biomass? A. To prevent the waste of energy. B. To increase production safety. C. To reduce pollution. D. To save money. 15. Where does the text probably come from? A. A research plan. B. A science magazine C. A book review. D. A business report. 第二节(共 5 小题 ;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Taking good notes is a time-saving skill that will help you to become a better student in several ways. 16 Second, your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. Third, note-taking offers variety to your study time and helps you to hold your interest. You will want to take notes during classroom discussions and while reading a textbook or doing research for a report. 17 Whenever or however you take notes, keep in mind that note-taking is a selective process. 18 The following methods may work best for you. ●Read the text quickly to find the main facts and ideas in it. ●Carefully read the text and watch for words that can show main points and supporting facts. ● Write your notes in your own words. ● 19 ● Note any questions or ideas you may have about what was said or written. As you take notes, you may want to use your own shorthand(速记). When you do, be sure that you understand your symbols and that you use them all the time. 20 A. Use words, not complete sentences. B. There are three practical note-taking methods. C. You must write your notes on separate paper. D. Otherwise, you may not be able to read your notes later. E. you will also want to develop your own method for taking notes. F. That means you must first decide what is important enough to include in your notes. G. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and remember it. 第二部分 语言知识运用(共三节,满分 75 分)
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第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题纸上将该项涂黑。 Diane Ray was completely self-centred and very spoilt(惯坏的) . Her parents gave her 21 she wanted , knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum (耍小孩脾气) , if they did not . She would scream and kick and 22 on the floor drumming her heels . Her parents always 23 . That was why she was alone on the 24 , wearing an expensive swimsuit . It had taken a massive tantrum to 25 her parents to buy it . They were back at the beach-house , 26 from the tantrum she had thrown when they told her that it was too dangerous to go diving 27 . “ Dangerous ? ” she had said . “ You just don’t want me to have 28 . I’m going and if you try to stop me , I’ll scream . ” “ What are you doing ? ” a voice asked . Diane jumped . She did not know that the man was there 29 he spoke . “ I’m going diving , ” she answered . “ You shouldn’t swim today , ” the man 30 “ There is a storm coming up . ” “ You should mind your own 31 ! ” Diane replied and walked into the gentle waves . “ If you go out there , you’ll be 32 , ” the man called after her . She did not bother to reply . Diane slipped into the water and dived 33 until white caps began rolling in and it became harder to 34 against the current (水流) . Saltwater hit against her face , making it 35 to breathe . Oh , why had she not listened to advice ? Panicking , she began to 36 . Then, just as it seemed as if she would slip beneath the surface , she heard a 37 voice . “ Hold on ! I’m coming. ” With 38 , she saw the old man rowing an ancient-looking boat towards her . “ I hope you’ve learned a lesson. You put us both in 39 , ” he shouted angrily , as he dragged her over the side of the 40 . Gratefully, Diane thanked him and ran towards the beach-house. 21.A. either B. neither C. nothing D. everything 22.A. jump B. lie C. spin D. sleep 23.A. set out B. set in C. gave in D. gave out 24.A. beach B. bed C. floor D. ship 25.A. allow B. warn C. get D. prefer 26.A. changing B. recovering C. appearing D. traveling 27.A. alone B. away C. again D. aside 28.A. time B. money C. food D. fun 29.A. when B. until C. after D. once 30.A. decided B. intended C. advised D. repeated 31.A. business B. swimsuit C. friends D. parents 32.A. angry B. sorry C. confused D. excited 33.A. nervously B. sadly C. shyly D. happily 34.A. rise B. swim C. stop D. row 35.A. difficult B. easy C. comfortable D. suitable 36.A. speak B. sing C. sniff D. scream 37.A. calm B. frightening C. beautiful D. disgusting
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38.A. regret 39.A. power 40.A. house

B. relief B. safety B. wave

C. interest C. danger C. beach

D. ease D. thought D. boat

第二卷 第二部分 语言知识运用(共三节,满分 75 分) 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题纸标号为 1―10 的相应位置上。 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Former Hollywood child star Shirley Temple 1 (die) on Monday at home in Woodside, California, from natural causes. With her charm and blonde curls, she was one of 2 (popular) stars of 3 1930s in hit movies like Bright Eyes and Stand Up and Cheer. Her singing, __4___(dance) and acting won over fans worldwide. She 5__ (give) a special juvenile Oscar in 1935, 6 she was just seven years old. To this day, she is still the youngest person 7__ has received an Academy Award. Shirley Temple started 8 film career at three years old. Between 1934 __9_ 1938 she appeared in more than 20 films and was consistently the top US movie star. Her final film, A Kiss For Corliss, is available to watch o nline for free. This is the star’s final moment on the big screen. After retiring from films in 1950 10 as a politician and diplomat (外交官). the age of 22, Temple once again became the focus(焦点)

第三节 单词拼写(共 30 小题;每小题 1 分,共 30 分) 在空白处填入适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 (要求使用必修 3 学过的单词) Smoking is not p_________(允许) in this factory but it is allowed in certain workshops. Mo Yan is a famous literature a___________(作家). It’s important to know your own s____________(优点) and weaknesses. If he wants to be better in health, he should have a b___________(平衡的) diet. He is in deep d____________(债务) in order to cure the disease of his mother. We can b_____________(受益) from reading books. Fruit juices can be h____________(有害的) to children’s teeth. This scientist has put forth a new t___________(理论) in his research field. The black cloud promises a v____________(猛烈地) storm. 10. Earth is a rocky planet where there is liquid water, which is necessary for life to e___________(存在). 11. There is a time l___________(限制) to what you will do. 12. It is my b____________(信念) that we will succeed one day. 13. Millions of people in Africa are still s____________(挨饿) to death at present. 14. My partner often r___________(提醒) me to do homework. So I’m grateful to him. 15. It was all my f_________(过错) that my son had made such a silly but serious mistake. 16. Many people think the man dressed in r__________( 衣衫褴褛) is a beggar.
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17. She is a very r_____________(虔诚的) person who goes to church every Sunday. 18. The man is a ____________(钦佩 ) for helping others. 19. This kind of fish doesn’t need to be cooked. It can be eaten r___________(生的). 20. She rose, g___________(怒目而视) at the rude waiter. 21. The scenery beyond the mountain is u_____________(难以置信地) beautiful. 22. It’s rude of you to s___________(盯着看) the strangers in the street. 23. Many a____________(奖) will be given to the winners in the coming music ceremony. 24. Harry a_____________(道歉) to his teacher for coming to school late. 25. She is u____________(不像) her mother; she is tall and her mother is very short. 26. We should take measures to p____________(阻止) the river from being polluted. 27. Without the reform of the economic management s_____________(制度), our industry will fail. 28. The murder case was a p__________(谜) to the detective. 29. A friend in need is a friend i____________(真正地). 30.This money gives me i______________(独立) from my family. 第三部分: 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处 语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Sir , Thank you for invite me to the summer English courses in your school .As for your choice between the two courses , I prefer the four-week course because of it will allow me more time to do traveling and make a little new friends . Of all the subject I’m learning at school, I like English best. I had been learning English for eleven years but my spoken English is poorly .So I really hope to take this chance to improve them. .If possible, I’d like to stay with a family for a couple of days in order that I can know some customs in England, that I’m particularly interested in. I believe I will have good time this summer. Yours truly , Li Hua 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李平,你的好朋友李华来信说,他的同桌经常打断他的学习,向他请教问题,他担 心这样会影响自己的学习。请你用英语写一封信。内容包括: 给别人讲题也会提升自己; 人人都有长处和不足,可以互相学习; 帮助别人学习可以使他们树立自信,从而促进友谊。 注意:1. 词数: 100 左右;2. 包括所有要点,内容可适当发挥;3. 信的开头和结尾已为你写 好,不计入总词数。

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Dear Li Hua, How are things going? ______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

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北重三中 2014-2015 学年度第二学期期中考试 高一英语试题答案 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节 1-4 A B C D 5—7 DDD 8-11 BBAB 12-15 CACB 第二节 七选五(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分) GEFAD 第二部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分 75 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 21-25D B C A C 26-30B A D B C 31-35 A B D B A 36-40D A B C D 语法填空: 1. died 2. the most popular who/th at 8. her 9. and 10. at 3. the 4. dancing 5. was given 6. when 7.

单词拼写:1. permitted 2. author 3. strengths 4. balanced 6. benefit 7. harmful 8. theory 9. violent 10. exist 12. belief 13. starving 14. reminds 15. fault 17. religious 18. admired 19. raw 20. glaring unbelievably 22. stare 23. awards 24. apologized 26. prevent 27. system 28. puzzle 29. indeed independence

5. debt 11. limit 16. rags 21. 25. unlike 30.

改错:Thank you for invite me to the summer English courses in your school .As for your inviting my choice between the two courses , I prefer the four-week course because of of it will allow me more time to do traveling and make a little new friends . Of all the subject I’m few subjects learning at school ,I like English best . I had been learning English for eleven years but have my spoken English is poorly .So I really hope to take this chance to improve them. .If poor it possible , I’d like to stay with a family for a couple of days in order that I can know some customs in England , that I’m particularly interested in. I believe I will have∧ good time which a this summer . Yours truly , Li Hua

作文答案 Dear Li Hua, How are things going? In your last letter you talked about your recent worry about your study,
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mentioning that your deskmate often interrupts you by asking questions. Now I’d like to share my opinion with you. First of all, there’s no need to worry about your study. When you explain something to others, you can get a better understanding of it, which can improve yourself greatly. So it’s good for you. Secondly, as we all know, everyone has strengths as well as weaknesses. Although your deskmate is not good at lessons, he might do well in other fields like sports or arts. Therefore, you can learn from each other. In addition, top students can help slower ones gain self-confidence by helping them with their lessons. It may help develop a friendship that both of you will treasure all your life. I hope my advice can help you. And best luck with your learning.

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