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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 基础巩固(新课标专用)Book 2 Unit 4 Word版含解析]


Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.die_out 灭绝→die of/from 死于……→be dying to do sth.渴望做某事 2.loss n.损失;丧失→at_a_loss 迷惘 3.hunt vt. & vi.打猎;搜寻→hunt_for a job 找工作 4.relief n.(痛苦或忧虑的)减轻或解除→in_relief 如释

重负;松了口气→to_one’s_relief 让 某人感到宽慰的是…… 5.pay attention to 注意→arrest/draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 6.according_to 按照;根据……所说→accordingly 根据 7.fierce adj.凶猛的;猛烈的→fierce_competition 激烈的竞争 8.harm vt. & n.→do_harm_to=be harmful_to 对……有害 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.protect vt.保护→protection n.保护→protective adj.保护性的 2.threaten vt. & vi.恐吓;威胁→threat n.恐吓→threatening adj.威胁的 3.respond vi.做出反应→response n.反应 4.relief n.(痛苦或忧虑的)减轻或解除→relieve vt.减轻;解除 5.mercy n.仁慈;怜悯→merciful adj.宽大的;仁慈的→merciless adj.残忍的 6.appreciate vt.感激;鉴赏→appreciation n.感激;鉴赏 7.succeed vi.成功;vt.继任→success n.成功→successful adj.成功的 8.secure adj.安全的→insecure adj.不安全的→security n.安全 9.harm n. & vt.损害;危害→harmful adj.有害的→harmless 无害的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.Many wild_species(野生物种) are in_danger_of_dying_out(濒临灭绝). 2.According_to(按照) surveys, smoking is harmful because tobacco contains(包含) nicotine, which affects(影响) our health. 3 . Attention should be paid_to( 注意 ) the employment( 运用 ) of words, which is of great importance(重要性) for language learning. 4.I hope the earth is a secure(安全的) place for both human beings and animals,where they can live in_peace(和平地) with each other and no harm(伤害) is done to each other.

5.I really appreciate(感激) the help you offered me and I finally succeeded(成功) in getting the job. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) The loss and harm to the wildlife reserve affects the security of wildlife fiercely.Any merciful response is appreciated.To our relief,man has realized the importance of wildlife protection and has won great success. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.It_is_a_pity_that in the story nobody helped the dodo. 遗憾的是,在这个故事里,没人帮助渡渡鸟。 2.Flying carpet, please show me a place where there is some wildlife protection. 飞毯,请带我去个有动物保护的地方看看。 3.Our fur is_being_used_to_make_sweaters for people like you. 我们的毛被用来为像你一样的人们制作毛衣。

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house ________. (2012· 四川,11) A.is being rebuilt C.is rebuilt 答案 A 解析 考查动词的时态和语态。句意为:他们现在暂时和父母一起居住,因为他们自己的 房子正在重建。根据句意可知,应使用现在进行时态,且 house 与动词 rebuild 之间为被 动关系,故使用现在进行时态的被动语态。 (考查单元语法) 2.—Can I help you with it? —I appreciate your________, but I can manage it myself. A.advice C.offer 答案 C 解析 句意为: —— 我可以帮你吗? —— 我感激你主动提供帮助,但我自己能完成。 offer 出价,(主动提供)帮助,符合题意。advice 建议,劝告;question 问题;idea 想法, B.question D.idea (2012· 江苏,21) B.has been rebuilt D.has rebuilt

主意。 (教材原句:You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together.) 3.—Don’t worry, Mum.The doctor said it was only the flu. —________! I’ll tell Dad there’s nothing serious. A.What a relief C.How surprising 答案 A 解析 句意为:——妈妈,别担心。医生说只是流感。——我可以松口气了。我要告诉爸 爸没有什么严重的。A 项意为“可以松口气了”,符合语境。B 项意为“祝贺”;C 项意 为“多么令人惊讶啊”;D 项意为“我很抱歉”。 (教材原句:In relief Daisy burst into laughter.) 4.I’d prefer to ________ my judgement until I find all the evidence. A.show C.pass 答案 D 解析 句意为: 在我找到所有的证据之前, 我宁愿保留我的看法。 show 显示, 表明; express 表明,表达;pass 传递,通过;reserve 保留。由句意可知 D 项正确。 (教材原句:Wolong Nature Reserve,Sichuan Province) 5.The church tower which________will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. (2010· 上海,31) A.has restored C.is restoring 答案 D 解析 本题考查被动语态。restore 意为“修复”;而最后一句表明工程还未完成,因此为 正在修复中,答案选 D。 (考查单元语法) Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 1.This can put their pets in danger of serious illness. 这会使他们的宠物有生病的危险。 2.Some of them refuse to admit the serious threat of human activities to the environment, and they are tired of people who disagree with them. (2011· 重庆· 阅读 E) (2012· 大纲全国Ⅱ· 阅读 A) B.has been restored D.is being restored B.express D.reserve (2011· 福建,28) B.Congratulations D.I’m so sorry (2012· 江苏,24)

他们中有些人拒绝承认人类活动对环境造成的威胁,他们讨厌那些和他们观点不一样的 人。

3.We should live in peace with animals.(2011· 广东· 阅读 B) 我们应和动物和平相处。 4.The professor marched into the lecture hall,placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆),and invited the students to guess how many beans the jar contained. (2011· 大纲全国Ⅰ· 完形) 教授大步走进教室,把装满了豆子的一个大罐子放在桌上,邀请学生猜猜里面有多少豆。 Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 如果你能帮我我将不胜感激。我也希望我现在付出的努力会得到回报。(appreciate) (2011· 山东· 写作) I would appreciate it if you could offer me a hand.I also hope that the great effort I am making will pay off. 历年高考热点:appreciate,relief,reserve, in danger of,threat,in peace,contain 等的用法。 2014 考点预测:affect,suggest,contain,appreciate, succeed,protect...from...,pay attention to 等的用法。

1 affect 双语释义 v.影响(influence);侵袭,使感染(attack) 学情诊断 (1)句型转换 ①The new system will affect our life. →The new system will have an effect on our life. ②The condition made lots of people ill these days. →The condition affected lots of people these days. (2)The elderly population in China will have a great________on the whole society. A.advantage C.effect 答案 C 解析 句意为: 中国的老年人口将会对整个社会有着很大的影响。 have a great effect on... 对……有很大影响。 B.difficulty D.affect

归纳拓展 be affected by 被……侵袭;被……感动

affection n.喜爱 affected adj.假装的;做作的 an affected laugh/smile 假笑;不自然的微笑 affecting adj.深深打动人的;感动人的 易混辨析 effect,affect effect 用作名词时,意为“影响,效果”,常用于 have an effect on 结构中;用作动词时, 表示“引起,使发生”。 affect 用作动词,意为“影响”,常表示消极的影响。 活学活用 用 effect,affect 的适当形式填空 (1)The drought seriously affected people’s life. (2)New controls will come into effect next month. (3)Parents’ words and actions will affect children greatly. 2 suggest 双语释义 vt.提议,建议(propose);启发(inspire);推荐(recommend);表明;暗示 (indicate) 学情诊断 (1)His cool response suggested that he_didn’t_like_the_idea(他不喜欢这个主意). (2)翻译句子 ①I suggested to Mike that we go out for a meal with his colleagues. 我向迈克提议,我们和他的同事们一起出去吃饭。 ②Its hairy body suggests a mammal. 它毛茸茸的身体表明它是哺乳动物。 (3)单项填空 ①I’d suggest the visitors ________ to Shanghai Museum. A.to go C.go 答案 C ②Who do you suggest ________ the letter? A.to post C.post 答案 C 归纳拓展 B.posting D.having post B.will go D.went

? ??sb./sb.’s? doing sth. suggest+? 建议做某事 ?that...?should?do sth. ?

易错提示 suggest 意为“暗示,表明”时,后接从句不用虚拟语气。 suggest 后不可接双宾语, 间接宾语多由介词 to 引出, 即 suggest sth.to sb.向某人建议某事。 “建议某人做某事”可以用 advise sb. to do sth.表达。 3 contain 双语释义 v.包含,含有;容纳(hold);控制,抑制(control) 学情诊断 (1)写出下列句子中 contain 的汉语意思 ①The stadium is big enough to contain 100 thousand audience.容纳 ②I could not contain my laughter.控制,抑制 ③This drink doesn’t contain any alcohol.含有,包含 (2)Little Johnny felt the bag,curious to know what it________. A.collected C.loaded 答案 B 解析 句意为:小约翰尼摸了一下袋子,想知道里面装有什么东西。contain 含有,装 有,符合句意。collect 收集;load 装载;save 节省,拯救。 归纳拓展 contain oneself 克制自己 container n.容器;集装箱;货柜 containment n.控制,抑制 易混辨析 contain,include,hold contain 通常用来指某种容器中盛有某物,装有某物,还指某种物质中含有某成分或含有 其他物质。指作为组成部分而被“包含”或“容纳”在内。 include 通 常 表 示 把 某 事 物 作 为 其 中 的 一 部 分 包 含 在 内 。 在 句 中 常 构 成 分 词 短 语 sth.included 或 including sth.。 hold 通常指有能力容纳,相当于 contain,seat。 图解助记 B.contained D.saved

活学活用 用 contain,include,hold 的适当形式填空

(1)The tour included a visit to the Science Museum. (2)The bottle holds/contains two litres. (3)This book contains forty interesting pictures. (4)Five people were killed in the accident,two kids included. 4 appreciate 双语释义 v.欣赏;赏识;感激,感谢(be grateful for);理解(understand);意识到(realize) 学情诊断 (1)句型转换 If we hear from you again, we would appreciate. →We would appreciate hearing _from you again. →We would appreciate it_if_ we could hear from you again. (2)I really appreciate________to relax with you on this nice island. A.to have had time C.to have time 答案 B 解析 句意为:我真的喜欢和你一起在这个迷人的小岛上放松一下。appreciate 后不能 接动词不定式作宾语,而只能接名词或动名词,故答案为 B 项。 归纳拓展 appreciate+n./pron./that...欣赏……;感激…… appreciate ?one’s ? doing sth.欣赏/感激?某人?做某事 I would appreciate it if...如果……,我将不胜感激。 appreciation n.欣赏,赏识;感激,感谢 易错提示 当 appreciate 作“感激”讲时,后面不接表示“人”的词作宾语。 5 succeed 双语释义 vi.成功(be successful in);继承;vt.继任;接替;随后出现(follow) 学情诊断 (1)翻译句子 ①Who will succeed his post? 谁将会接替他的职位? ②最后我们终于成功地做出了这道题。 Finally_we_succeeded_in_working_out_the_problem. (2)一句多译 他的计划成功了。 B.having time D.to having time

His_plan_was_a_success. His_plan_succeeded. His_plan_was_successful. (3)When the duke dies,his eldest son will ________ the title. A.succeed in C.succeed to 答案 C 归纳拓展 succeed in doing sth.成功做成某事 succeed to...继承?王位等? succeed sb. as...接替、继任某人当…… success n.成功 successful adj.成功的 6 protect...from... 双语释义保护……不受……(危害)(make sure that...is not harmed,injured or damaged) 学情诊断 (1)用所给动词的适当形式填空 Measures should be taken to protect the river from being_polluted(pollute). (2)完成句子 ①Some parents do too much to_protect_their_kids_from_any_danger(保护孩子不受任何伤 害). ②Nothing can prevent/stop_him(阻止他) realizing his dream. ③We were_prevented/stopped/kept_from_attending_the_meeting(被阻止参加会议) by the heavy rain. 归纳拓展 prevent/stop/keep sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事,在 prevent/stop... from doing sth.中的 from 在主动句中可以省略,而在被动句中不可省。 keep...from doing sth.中的 from 在任何情况下都不能省略。 7 pay attention to 双语释义注意(note;notice);重视(think highly of) 学情诊断 (1)根据要求完成句子 ①No attention was paid to his advice.(介词填空) B.succeed with D.succeed

②In economic work,we should pay attention to opening up the source and regulating the flow from time to time.(用 open 的适当形式填空) ③Everyone should pay attention to preserving his own eyesight.(句型转换) →Everyone should take notice of preserving his own eyesight. (2)We should pay attention to ________ the environment and we must do all we can ________ the pollution. A.protect;to reduce C.protect;reduce 答案 B 归纳拓展 pay attention to 中 to 为介词,其后跟名词、代词、动名词。 短语中 to 为介词的固定搭配: admit to doing sth.承认做了某事 apply to doing sth.适用于做某事 object to doing sth.反对做某事 see to doing sth.负责做某事 stick to doing sth.坚持做某事 look forward to doing sth.渴望、盼望做某事 B.protecting;to reduce D.protecting;reduce

1. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago,long before humans came into being... 千百万年前,他们就生活在地球上,比人类的出现早得多…… 句型公式:long before+时间状语从句 学情诊断 (1)I have read the book long_before. 我早就看过这本书了。 (2)It________not long________they reached their destination. A.is;before C.was;since 答案 B 解析 考查 It was not long before sb. did sth.不久之后某人做了某事。 B.was;before D.is;after

归纳拓展

long before 在……之前,很久。before 可以是连词,也可以是副词。 It was not long before sb. did sth.不久之后某人做了某事。 It will not be long before sb. do/does sth.不久之后某人将做某事。 before long 不久之后 2. Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater. 请把我带到遥远的国度,在那里我能找到提供皮毛来做毛衣的动物。 句型公式:where引导定语从句 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①The school where_I_studied is not far from my home.我学习的学校离我家不远。 ②This is the village where_I_was_born 10 years ago.这是我十年前出生的村庄。 (2)单项填空 ①Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet________life has developed gradually. A.that C.which 答案 B 解析 where 在定语从句中作地点状语。 B.where D.whose

②Have you ever been in a situation________you can’t agree with the one who you know is right? A.when C.at which 答案 B 解析 先行词是 situation, position,case 等表示“形势,状况”的词,且从句中不缺 主语、宾语或表语时用 where 引导定语从句。 B.where D.that

归纳拓展

?1?先行词是表示地点的词,后面的从句中不缺主语、宾语或表语时用 关系副词 where 引导, where 在从句中作地点状语。 ?2?先行词是 situation, position, stage, case,point 等表示“形势, 状况”的词,且从句中不缺主语、宾语或表语时用 where 引导定语从句。 ?3?先行词是 job, family, sport, activity,atmosphere 等词时,同样情况 下,也用 where 引导定语从句。 3 单元语法:现在进行时的被动语态 学情诊断 用被动语态改写下列句子 (1)One of the best students is writing the report. →The_report_is_being_written_by_one_of_the_best_students. (2)We are collecting money for local charities. →Money is being collected for local charities by us. (3)He is singing a folk song. →A_folk_song_is_being_sung_by_him. (4)The bridge is under repair/construction. →The_bridge_is_being_repaired/constructed. (5)They are discussing the problem at the meeting. →The_problem_is_being_discussed_at_the_meeting_by_them.

Ⅰ.语境填词 succeed,employ,relief,decrease,respond,contain,appreciation,effect,harm,protection 1.On seeing her funnylooking hairstyle,her classmates couldn’t contain their laughs. 2.Scientists have spent years researching into the effect of sleeping pills on the human brains. 3.It’s harmful to your eyes to read on the bus. 4.I would really appreciate it if you could turn the music down. 5.We held a celebration for our success. 6.They huddled(挤在一起) together to protect themselves from the wind. 7.This species of bird is decreasing in numbers every year. 8.The product was developed in response to customers’ demands. 9.The police had to employ force to enter the building. 10.Much to my relief the car was not damaged. Ⅱ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分

1.Many wild animals are endangered.in_danger_of_dying_out 2.Seeing me come back, she was_no_longer_worried_and_smiled.smiled_in_relief 3.I am_really_thankful_to_you_for your help.really_appreciate 4.It has a kind of chemical in it.contains 5.People_are_killing_us_for_furs.We_are_being_killed_for_furs Ⅲ.微写作(9) 写作素材 1.尊敬的市长,如果您能帮我们保护我们的土地不因城市的扩张而减少我将非常感激。 2.我们的生活受到很大影响。 3.我希望您能尽早做出回应。 4.这样我们就能成功保住我们富饶的土地了。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Dear_Mayor, I would appreciate it if you could pay attention to the protection of our land from being lost because of the expanding of the city.Our life is really affected.I hope you can respond quickly,so that we’ll succeed in getting back our fertile land. Ⅳ.微语法(9)——过去进行时 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1.I walked slowly through the market,where people________all kinds of fruits and vegetables.I studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed. A.sell C.had sold 答案 B 解析 句意为:我慢慢地穿过市场,市场上的人们正在卖各种各样的水果和蔬菜。我仔细 研究了一下价格,并买了我需要的东西。因人们正在市场上卖东西,故用进行时态。 2.—When did the computer crash? —This morning,while I ________ the reading materials downloaded from some websites. (2012· 福建,24) A.have sorted C.am sorting 答案 B 解析 句意为: ——电脑什么时候死机的?——今天早上。 当时我正在整理从一些网站下 载的阅读材料。由题干中的 did 可知事情发生在过去,故排除 A、C 两项;D 项为过去完 B.was sorting D.had sorted B.were selling D.have sold (2010· 湖南,31)

成时,表示动作发生在“过去的过去”,而题干中的 while 表示“当……时候”,指的是 同时发生的两个动作,故排除 D 项;B 项为过去进行时,表示过去某段时间内正在发生 的动作。 3.The manager was concerned to hear that two of his trusted workers ________. (2012· 山东,34) A.will leave C.have left 答案 D 解析 句意为:听说他信任的员工中有两名要离开,经理很忧虑。令人忧虑的事应该是已 发生或将要发生的事,故时态应该用完成时或将来时。由题干中的 was concerned 可知空 格处应该用过去完成时或过去将来时,故排除 A、B、C 三项;D 项为表示位移的动词用 进行时表将来的用法。 4.—Remember the first time we met? —Sure.You ________ in the supermarket. A.had shopped C.were shopping 答案 C 解析 考查过去进行时的用法。 这里指的是过去某个时间, 就是我们第一次见面的时候正 在做的动作,所以用过去进行时。 5.I would have attended your birthday party last night but for the fact that it ________ at that time. A.would rain C.had rained 答案 B 解析 考查时态。时间状语为 at that time,表示的是过去某个时间点正在进行的动作,所 以用过去进行时。 B.was raining D.had been raining B.have shopped D.shopped B.are leaving D.were leaving


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