2015 学年第一学期浦东新区普高期中联考 高二年级英语试卷
总分： 100 分 时间: 90 分钟
命题人：张鲁荣 审题人：沈冬梅 2015 年 11 月
I. Listening Co
mprehension ( 20%) Section A ( 10%) Directions： In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. By bus. 2. A. Some books. 3. A. At 2:00. 4. A. In a restaurant. 5. A. Guide and tourist. C. Father and daughter. 6. A. In France. B. In England. B. On foot. C. By bike. D. By car. D. Neither toys nor books. D. At 4:30. D. In a snack bar.
B. Both toys and books. C. Some toys. B. At 2:30. B. In a hotel. C. At 4:00. C. In a cake.
B. Customer and shop assistant. D. Conductor and passenger. C. In China. B. Buying a dress. D. Asking for information. B. He wants to move the box. D. He can’t help watching TV. B. Parking the car. D. Getting the keys. B. To pick him up. D .To drive him home. D. In Japan.
7. A. Filling in a library card. C. Talking with his friend. 8. A. He will do some revision. C. He can’t help with the housework. 9. A. Going to a park. C. Buying a portrait. 10. A. To type a few lines. C. To wait at the gate.
Section B ( 6%) Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Her school was in a small village. C. She was the only Asian girl there. 12. A. London B. Bath B. She was outstanding at school. D. Her parents were in London. C. Swindon D. Oxford
13. A. Coming across a radio producer. C. Meeting a professional artist.
B. Taking an earlier train. D. Wearing two odd shoes.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following speech. 14. A. Educating children. C. Recreating an environment. 15. A. Animals make visitors stressful. C. Animals can feel bored and sad. 16. A. They are still useful and necessary. B. They have more disadvantages than advantages. C. They are a perfect environment for animals. D. They are recreative places for animals. Section C (4%) Directions: In Section C, you will hear one longer conversation. The conversation will be read twice. After you hear the conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Car Rental Information Name: Length of times: Location to leave the car: License: Insurance: Means of payment: Any Toms ___17___ days The___18___ office An International Driver’s License A___19___ accident insurance ___20___ B. Saving rare animals. D. Making a profit. B. Animals must live their lives in cages. D. Animals are in danger of extinction.
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
II. Grammar and vocabulary (17%): Section A ( 8%) Directions: Read the following passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent (意思连贯的). Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct. English is a widely used language in the history of our planet. One in every seven human beings ____21____ speak it. More than half of the world’s books and three quarters of international mail are in English. Of all languages, English has ____22____ (large) vocabulary — perhaps as many as two million words. However, let’s face it: English is a crazy language. There is no egg in ___23___ eggplant, neither pine nor apple in a pineapple and no ham in a hamburger. Sweet-meats are candy, while
sweetbreads, ____24____ aren’t sweet, are meat. We take English ___25____ granted. But when we explore its paradoxes (矛盾), we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square, public bathrooms have no baths in them. And why is it ___26___ a writer writes, but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce, and hammers don’t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn’t the plural of booth be beeth? How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? How can overlook and oversee be opposites, ___27___ quite a lot and quite a few are alike? How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell the next? So far English, invented by people not computers, ___28__ (reflect) the creativity of human beings. Section B( 9%) Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. There is an extra word in the box. A. natural F. creative B. organize C. impressed G. separate H cherished D. experiences E. sharing I. spending J. choices
Bored with buying Father’s Day ties? Running out of ___29___ for your father? There are some fathers who love to fish or hunt, while some love to play golf. But all fathers share one thing in common: they love making memories. Instead of just sending your father a gift, you can __30____ some activities for him and get yourself involved. How about a long walk, especially in a ___31___ setting? Or a family bike ride? He will appreciate the thought, and will enjoy the time with you. If you have a video camera at home, make a video on Father’s Day. If you really want to be ___32___, pick a couple of your father’s favorite songs and make a music video with the whole family! The result will be a memory ___33___ by all. Another suggestion for the video idea is to get some of his favorite people to talk about him on video and then have a party and show the video. The video can include other family members, and the neighbors, too. Your father will certainly be ___34___. Old photos can also be fun. There are certainly some old photos of the family somewhere. Find the photos and bring them out on Father’s Day. Pass them around and ask your father what he remembers about the ___35___ in the photos. This will help the family members get closer to each other. If you aren’t at home or too far away to make a personal visit on Father’s Day, think about some ways to narrow the distance. You can send a letter ___36___ your feelings and memories with your father. Or you can make a long phone call, even if the miles and the time might ___37___ you. III. Reading Comprehension（34%） Section A ( 10%) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
People wear hats for three main reasons: protection, communication, and decoration. Protection. People first began to wear hats to sunny climates, wide-edged hats provide 39 38 themselves from the climate. In hot,
from the sun. In cold climates, people often wear 40 the season. They may
wool hats. In some regions, people wear a variety of protective hats,
wear a wool hat in winter, a rain hat in spring or fall, and a wide-edged hat in summer. Hats also provide protection in certain 41 . Construction workers, football players, military personnel, 42 .
and people in many other fields wear metal or plastic helmets (头盔) for protection from
Communication. Hats can communicate various things about the people who wear them. The hats of coal miners, cowboys and firemen indicate the wearer's 43 . Students may wear a
mortarboard (学士帽) to show they are graduating from high school or college. Decoration. Most people wear a hat that they believe makes them look attractive, though the hat's main 44 may be protection or communication. Many protective hats are attractive and 45 the wearer' s
stylish. Even the caps of police officers and military personnel are designed to appearance. Certain decorative hats are worn as a(n) 46
. In Scotland, for example, people
wear a cap called a tam-o'-shanter that is part of their national costume(服装). Many people change their style of hat from time to time because they feel more fashion. 38. A. defend 39. A. shade 40. A. resulting from 41. A. seasons 42. A. injury 43. A. experience 44. A. programme 45. A. change 46. A. tradition 47. A. sociable B. protect B. shadow B. basing upon B. climates B. destruction B. occupation B. fashion B. increase B. label B. informal C. prevent C. security C. relating to C. activities C. harm C. personality C. purpose C. display C. honour C. attractive D. hide D. cover D. depending on D. communities D. pollution D. education D. achievement D. improve D. fashion D. noble 47 when keeping up with the latest
Section B ( 16%) Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) There are many myths and legends surrounding the origin (起源) of the ancient Olympic Games. The most popular legend describes that Heracles was the creator of the Olympic Games, and
built the Olympic stadium and surrounding buildings as an honor to his father Zeus. The date of the Games’ start based on the count of years in Olympiads is described as 776 BC, although scholars’ opinions are different between dates as early as 884 BC and as late as 704 BC. From then on, the Games quickly became much more important throughout ancient Greece, reaching their peak in the sixth and fifth centuries BC. The Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, contests honoring both Zeus and Pelops, a great hero and mythical king of Olympia famous for his legendary chariot race (战车竞赛), in whose honor the Games were held. The Games were held every four years, and the period between two celebrations became known as an “Olympiad”. The Greeks used Olympiads as one of their methods to count years. The Games gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power in Greece. When Christianity became the official religion, the Olympic Games were seen as a festival and in discord with Christian belief, and in 393 AD the emperor Theodosius I outlawed the Olympics, ending a thousand-year tradition. 48. Why Heracles built the Olympic stadium and its surrounding buildings? A. To start the first Olympic games. C. To show his strength. B. To honor his father. D. Not mentioned in the passage.
49. According to the count of years in Olympiads, the start date of the Games is _________. A. 776 BC B. 884 BC C. 704 BC D. between 884 BC and 704 BC
50. The ancient Olympics were held in honor of _________. A. Zeus and Pelops C. heroes B. common people D. all of the above
51. According to the passage, an “Olympiad” is _________. A. a method to count years C. three years B. two years D. the period between two celebrations (B) Education is not an end, but a means to an end. In other words, we do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them. Our purpose is to fit them for life. In some modern countries it has for some time been fashionable to think that by free education for all — one can solve all the problems of society and build a perfect nation. But we can already see that free education for all is not enough; we find in such countries a far larger number of people with university degree; they refuse to do what they think “low” work; and, in fact, work with hands is thought to be dirty and shameful in such countries. But we have only to think a moment to understand that the work of a completely uneducated farmer is far more important than that of a professor; we can live without education, but we die if we have no food. If no one cleaned our streets and took the rubbish away from our houses, we should get terrible diseases in our towns…
In fact, when we say that all of us must be educated to fit us for life, it means that we must be educated in such a way that, firstly, each of us can do whatever work suited to his brains and ability and, secondly, that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society, and that is very bad to be ashamed of one’s work. Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society. 52. The writer of the passage thinks that _______. A. education can settle most of the world’s problems B. free education for all probably leads to a perfect world C. free education won’t help to solve problems D. all the social problems can’t be solved by education 53. The writer wants to prove that _______. A. our society needs all kinds of jobs B. our society needs free education for all C. a farmer is more important than a professor D. work with hands is the most important 54. The purpose of education is _______. A. to choose officials for the country B. to prepare children mainly for their future work C. to let everyone receive education fit for him D. to build a perfect world 55. The passage tells us about _______ of the education. A. the means B. the system C. the value D. the type
Section C ( 8%) Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. As a mother of three young girls, Alison Cowan worried about her daughters growing up too fast. From asking for the latest toy to wanting to wear make-up, it seemed to Alison and her husband, Alan, that their children were never satisfied with what they had. The girls would ask for a toy, but would lose interest in it as soon as their friends had something new. Birthday parties were no longer just a few party games and blowing up balloons. All the parents seemed to hire professional performers and compete over who could give the most expensive party bag. At just seven years old, Amy and her friends were becoming more and more concerned with their appearance. It was a feeling that many parents would have. However, few would dream of leaving a comfortable family life and a comfortable house to move their family 3,000 miles away to Africa in search of a simpler life. But, last June, Alison and
her husband, Alan, moved with their daughters to Kampala in Uganda, to show them a different lifestyle. For almost a year, the girls play in the red, dusty streets with local children and visit markets to buy fresh fish and vegetables for dinner. They have been able to play and use their imagination away from the distractions (分心) of the consumer-driven society that most children live in today. Now, instead of competing over who has won a computer game, the girls think about things like the frequent water shortages and electricity cuts in certain areas. "At times, we’ve been without water for five days. The girls always accept it, though. Their world before had been so small, but now they understand how other people less fortunate than them live." (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS.) 56. Alison’s daughters’ past birthday parties were organized in the form of _______________. 57. Alison and Alan decided to move to Kampala in Uganda because they _________________. 58. What kind of society do most children live in today? 59. What do Alison and Alan think about their present life？
第 II 卷（共 22 分） I. Translation (3+3+4+4)（14%） Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 60. 我从上初中开始就对集邮很感兴趣。(keen) 61. 当地政府打算修一条公路将两个城镇连接起来。(link) 62. 校服的引进帮助学生减少了购物的时间。(introduction) 63. 每位新生都发现很难使自己适应新学校的环境。(adapt)
II. Guided Writing ( 15%) Directions: Write an English composition in about 120 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 如今倡导人人参与体育运动，请谈谈你最喜欢的体育运动。
2015 学年第一学期浦东新区普高期中联考 高二年级英语试卷答案
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions： In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. M:Does your son go to school by bus or by bike？ W: He walks, but sometimes his father drives him to school. Question: How does the boy usually go to school? 2. M: Shall we buy some toys for Tom? W: He has grown up. Now he prefers books. Question: What will the speakers probably buy for Tom? 3. M: Madam, the last train for London has just left. The next train will leave in two hours. W: Oh, it’s only half past two. Question: Where will the next train leave? 4. M: What time do you start serving breakfast, please? W:At seven in the dining room, but you can get it earlier in your room, if you wish. Question: Where does this conversation probably take place? 5. M: All fares, please. W:Yes, three tickets to Buckingham Palace, please. Will you tell us when we get there? Question: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? 6. M: Jenny was born in England and grew up in France. W: Yes, I know. And she married a Chinese when she was travelling in Asia. Question: Where did Jenny grow up? 7. M: Let me see. I have written my name, student number, and address. Anything else? W: No. That’s all right. Now just sign your name here. Question: What is the man most probably doing? 8. W: You can’t spend all evening in front of the box. You’ve got quite a bit of revision to do. M: I know, but I just can’t help it. Question: What does the man mean? 9. W: Could you please tell me where I can park my car? M: If you give me the keys, I’ll get one of the porters to see to it for you. Question: What are they talking about? 10. M: If you are at the gate by 5 o’clock, I’ll pick you up and take you home. W: Ok, I have only a few lines to type.
Question: What does the man ask the woman to do? Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. When I was 12, my parents moved out of London to a small village in Oxford. I was the only Asian girl in my school, and I suddenly felt a bit lonely. Luckily, I had a brilliant art teacher who encouraged me to go to art college. However, on the day of my college interview in Bath, I woke up late. I left the house wearing two odd shoes and didn't notice that my bottle of chocolate milk had poured all over the painting in my bag. Then when I finally got to the station, I got on the wrong train. Who knows, if I had gone to Bath that day, I might have become a professional artist. But I went to Sweden instead. I told the woman next to me on the train about what had happened, and she suddenly cried with laughter. It turned out she was a producer of a comedy program on the radio. To cut a long story short, I got an invitation a week later to attend an interview for the show, and the rest, as they say, is history. I am very lucky my life has been full of happy accidents. Now I am in charge of a very popular TV comedy program. 11. Why did the speaker feel lonely in her new school? 12. Where did the speaker plan to go for her college interview? 13. What incident had changed her fate? Today, I will make a speech on zoos. Many people think zoos are cruel, and have no place in the modern world. It is my own opinion that zoos, although not perfect, do have a useful function. Firstly, zoos are places of education. Zoos can help children to appreciate nature. Further more, research into animal behavior is done in zoos, and has increased on knowledges of zoology, genetics and even psychology. Above all, zoos can protect the future of many species of animal. Many species today are in danger of extinction, and thanks to zoos, they have a chance of survival. Opponents of zoos say that they are cruel. First of all, they argue, zoos can not recreate the environment in which animals live and because of this, animals are bored and depressed. Secondly, animals have frequent contact with human visitors. Which can be stressful? However, in my opinion, most zoos have improved recently. It is now quite rare to see animals in cages, and most zoos try hard to recreate the environment in which different animals live. In conclusion, although zoos are not perfect environment for animals, I believe that they have more advantages than disadvantages. In an ideal world, zoos would not be necessary. But as long as man hunts animals for profit and destroy their environments, zoos are essential. 14: What is the most important function of zoos according to the speaker? 15: Why are some people against zoos? 16: What does the speaker think of zoos? Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear one longer conversation. The conversation will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. W: Good morning, I'd like to rent a family car, please.
M: Yes, man, for how long? W: Em, 14 days. M: Where do you want to leave the car? W: Can I leave it at the downtown office? M: Sure, may I see your driver's license? W: I have an international driver's license. M: Fine, thank you. W: Now, do you want a personal accident insurance? M: Yes, please. W: Right, can you sign your name here? M: There you go! W: How do you want to pay? M: Cash please.
1.B 2.A 3.D 4.B 5.D 6.A
11、C 12、B 13、A 14、A 17、Fourteen/14 18、downtown
15、C 16、A 19、personal
21---28：can，the largest, an， which， for，
that， while，has reflected
29---37: J, B, A, F, H, C, D, E, G 38. 答案：B。protect sb. from…保护……免受…伤害。上下文有暗示。 39. 答案：A。宽沿帽子可以给人们提供阴影（防晒） 。 40. 答案：D。depend on 依靠，根据……而定 41. 答案：C。根据下文的介绍可以分析出此处应该是“活动，活动范围” 。 42. 答案：A。上文提到的几种情况都是为了使戴帽子的人免受伤害 -- 以外事故造成的。 43. 答案：B。既然有交流的目的，再加上下文的举例，此处可以分析出帽子也象征着一个人 的职业。 44. 答案：C。根据上下句， “虽然人们戴帽子的目的可能是保护或者交流，但是，他们都戴让 他们看起来好看的帽子。 ” 45. 答案：D。根据上文可以知道此处为“改进提高” 。 46. 答案：A。根据下文介绍 Scotland 人们的做法可以知道这是一种传统。 47. 答案：C。上文两次提到 attractive，应该是一种明显的暗示 48. B 49. A 50. A。由文章中的 The Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, contests honouring both Zeus, and Pelops 可知。 51. D。由文章中的 the period between two celebrations became known as an “Olympiad”.可知。 52. D。 判断题。 根据文章第 2 段第 2 句 free education for all is not enough 可推知此题答案为 D。 53. A。观点判断题。根据文章最后一段第 2 点 that all jobs are necessary to society 可推知此题 答案为 A。 54. B。细节题。根据第 1 段最后一句 Our purpose is to fit them for life 可推知此题答案为 B。 55. C。主旨题。根据全文的内容，特别是根据文章的最后一句 Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society 可推知此题答案为 C。 56. playing party games and blowing up balloons 57. wanted to show their daughters a different lifestyle
58. They live in a consumer-driven society. 59. They are satisfied with it. 60. I’ve been keen on collecting stamps since junior middle school. 61. The local government planned to build a highway to link the two towns. 62. The introduction of school uniforms has helped reduce the time students spend on shopping. 63. Every new student finds it hard to adapt themselves to the environment of a new school.