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陕西省西安地区八校2015届高三下学期联考(三)英语试题


陕西省西安地区八校联考 2015 届高三下学期联考(三)
【试卷综评】本试卷以新课标为指导,从学什么,考什么的原则出发,遵循“题 在书中” ,既重基础又注重综合能力的提高。围绕书本内容设计基础能力题,特别 是单项选择和完形填空部分,旨在考查教师平时在该部分教学执行情况。阅读理 解选材具有时代性,紧密联系生活实际,选项设计灵活合理,注重考查学生的阅 读理解能力。短文改错和

填词练习考查学生的英语基础知识应用能力;书面表达 联系实际以询问生日晚会的事宜为题写一电子邮件,考查学生的英语实际运用能 力。总之,本次期末试卷难度适中,是一份质量较高的试卷。

英 语 试 题
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题纸上,认真核对条形码上的 姓名、准考证号,并将条形码粘贴在答题纸上的指定位置上。 2.选择题答案使用 2B 铅笔填涂,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号; 非选择题答案用 0.5 毫米的黑色中性(签字)笔或碳素笔书写,字体工整,笔迹清楚。 3.请按照题号在各题的答题区域(黑色线框)内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效。 4.保持纸面清洁,不折叠,不破损。

第 I 卷(选择题,共 95 分)
第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 第一节语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音完全相同的 选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 【题文】

【答案】 【知识点】P1 语音知识 【答案解析】A。解析:根据 treasure 和 leather 中的 ea 都发/e/可知选 A。feast 的发音为/fi: st/ ; break 的发音为/breik/; area 的发音为/ 'e?r?? /。 【题文】

【答案】 【知识点】P1 语音知识 【答案解析】 D。 解析: 根据 ecology 和 astonish 中的 o 都发/?/可知选 D。 glove 的发音为/gl?v/ ; hopeless 的发音为/'h??pl?s/; police 的发音为/ 'p??i:s /。 【题文】

【答案】 【知识点】P1 语音知识 【答案解析】B。解析:根据 rather 和 thus 中的 th 都发/?/可知选 B。其余三个单词中的 th 都 发/θ /。 【题文】

【答案】 【知识点】P1 语音知识 【答案解析】C。解析:根据 recent 和 predict 中的 e 都发/i/可知选 C。cinema 的发音为/'s? n?m?/ ;gentle 的发音为/gentl/; serious 的发音为/ 's?r??s /。 【题文】

【答案】 【知识点】P1 语音知识 【答案解析】A。解析:根据 socialist 和 ocean 中的 c 都发/?/可知选 A。discover 和 education 中 c 的发音为/k/ ;recently 中 c 的发音为/s/。 第二节情景对话(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 【题文】根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。

【答案】 【知识点】P2 情景对话

【文章综述】本文是 Colin 和 Simon 之间的关于友情的对话。 【答案解析】 6.A 根据前文的 argument,此处是询问为什么而争吵。 7.C 根据下文的 It is only fair 判断选 C。 8.F 根据下文的 not much 判断是询问对方借给他多少钱。 9.G 根据下文的 Neither of you said anything really unpleasant 和前文的 talk to him about it 判断“他很可能感觉和你一样糟”。 10.B 根据前文的 I guess you are right 和题干中的 improve our relationship 以及下文的 you should 判断。 第三节语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每小题的 A、B、c、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该选项涂黑。 【题文】11.When you finish reading the novel, you will have better understanding of society. A.a; the B.the; a C.不填; theD.a; 不填 【答案】 【知识点】A3 冠词 【答案解析】D。解析:句意:当你读完这部小说时,你将会对这个社会有一个更好的理解。 society 是是抽象名词不加冠词;have a better understanding of 对??有一个更好的理解。故选 D。 【典型总结】冠词用法速记口诀 名词是秃子,常要戴帽子, 可数名词单,须用 a 或 an, 辅音前用 a,an 在元音前, 若为特指时,则须用定冠, 复数不可数,泛指 the 不见, 碰到代词时,冠词均不现。 【妙语诠释】冠词是高考必考的语法知识之一,也是高考考查的主要对象。以上口诀包 括的意思有:①名词在一般情况下不单用,常常要和冠词连用;②表示不确指的可数名词单数 前要用不定冠词 a 或 an, 确指时要用定冠词 the;③如复数名词表示泛指, 名词前有 this, these, my,some 等时就不用冠词。 【题文】12. ,but he still could not understand it. A.Tommy had been told many times B.Having been told many times C, Told many times D.Although he had been told many times 【答案】 【知识点】A9 非谓语动词 A14 状语从句 【答案解析】A。解析:句意:已经告诉 Tommy 好多次了,但是他仍然不能理解它。根据空 后的 but 判断,空只能用分句,因为分词和状语从句永远不可和主句之间有并列连词连接, 因为它们就是主句的一个成分。故选 A. 【技巧点拨】分清题干的句子成分,牢记非谓语动词和从句不可有表示并列关系的连词连接 这个语言规则。 【题文】13.-Your spoken English is so good.Have you been abroad? -Yes.I in America for three years. A.will stay B.stayed C.had stayed D.have been staying 【答案】 【知识点】A11 动词的时态与语态 【答案解析】B。解析:句意:---您的英语口语那么好。您在国外呆过?---是的。我在美国呆

了三年。根据语境在美国呆的动作应该发生在过去,因为说话的人已经回来。应用一般 过去时。故选 B。 【题文】14.The young dancers looked so charming in their beautiful clothes that we took __ pictures of them. A.a good many of B.the number of C.a quantity of D.a large amount of 【答案】 【知识点】A12 数词与主谓一致 【答案解析】C。解析:句意:年轻的舞蹈家们穿着他们的靓装看起来那么迷人,以致于我们 拍了他们的好多照片。a good many 修饰可数名词复数,一般不加 of,若加 of,则名词前应有 限定词;the number of??的数量;a quantity of 大量的,可修饰可数名词复数也可修饰不可 数名词;a large amount of 大量的,只修饰不可数名词。故选 C。 【技巧点拨】牢记限定词修饰什么样的名词。 【典型总结】 名词的限定词 首先要搞清楚,是修饰可数名词或不可数名词,而不是单数或复数名词。可数名词都有复 数形式,而不可数名词没有复数形式。 (1)只能修饰可数名词的词语有: many, many a(n), a good / great many, a (great / large) number of, scores of, dozens of 等。例如: Scores of people went there in the first few days after its opening. 开张后的头几天,很多人去了那儿。 I have been there dozens of times. 我已去过那儿很多次了。 There’re a number of students reading English in the classroom. 教室里有许多学生在读英语。 Many a student has(=many students have)visited the Great Wall.(谓语动词用单数) 很多学生都游 览过长城。 In winter, a good many animals sleep under the snow. 冬天很多动物在雪下冬眠。 注 意: many 所修饰的复数名词前若有限定词,many 后面要接 of, 表示“??中的很多”。 例如: A great many(of the) graduates have found jobs. 毕业生中很多人已经找到了工作。 (2)只能修饰不可数名词的词语有: much, a great deal of, a great / large amount of 等。例如: Is there much water in the bucket? 桶里有很多水吗? He always has a great amount of work to do. 他总是有很多工作要做。 (3)既能修饰可数名词又能修饰不可数名词的词语有: a lot of, lots of, plenty of (以上三个词语 后谓语动词的数依 of 后的名词的单复数而定 ),a great / large quantity of ( 其后谓语用单 数),quantities of (其后谓语用复数)。例如: There is still lots of snow in the garden. 花园里还有许 多雪。 There is plenty of rain here. 这儿的雨水很多。 A great quantity of flowers was placed in the hall. 大厅里放了很多鲜花。 There are large quantities of food in the cupboard. 橱柜里有许 多食物。 在所有这些表示“很多”的词语中 many, much 是最常用的词,它们既可以用于肯定句,也 可以用于疑问句和否定句。例如: Are there many people in the street? 街上有很多人吗? There isn’t much time left. 剩下的时间不多了。 其它的词语都用于肯定句,日常会话中常用 lots of, a lot of 或 plenty of; 正式文体中常用 a great many, a (large) number of, a great deal of, scores of 或 dozens of 等。 但若肯定句中有 too, so, as, very 或 how 等词修饰时,则必须使用 many, much。 例如: The number of the people who lost their homes reached as many as 250,000. 无家可归的人 数多达 250,000 人。 There is too much work to do. 要做的工作太多了。 【题文】 15. more and more people may refer to the Internet for the latest news, it is unlikely that the newspaper will disappear. A.As B.Because C.Since D.While 【答案】 【知识点】A14 状语从句的引导词 while 的用法 【答案解析】D。解析:句意:尽管越来越多的人从网上查询最新消息,但报纸完全消失也不

可能。As 由于,因为;because 因为;since 自从;while 在??期间,尽管,引导让步状 语时放在句首。故选 D。 【技巧点拨】根据主从句之间的关系和连词含义判断答案。 【典型总结】引导让步状语从句连词 1)though,although 尽管,不论。 注意: 当有 though, although 时,后面的从句不能有 but,但是 though 和 yet 可连用 Although it's raining, they are still working in the field. 虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干活。 He is very old, but he still works very hard. 虽然他很老,但仍然努力地工作。 Though the sore be healed, yet a scar may remain. 伤口虽愈合, 但伤疤留下了。 (谚语) 典 型例题: ___she is young, she knows quite a lot. A. When B. However C. Although D. Unless 答案:C。意为虽然她很年轻,却知道许多。 2) as, though 引导的倒装句 as / though 引导的让步从句必须表语或状语提前(形容词、 副词、分词、实义动词提前) 。 Child as /though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. = Though he was a small child, he knew what was the right thing to do. 注意: a. 句首名词不能带任何冠词。 b. 句首是实义动词,其他助动词放在主语后。如 果实义动词有宾语和状语,随实义动词一起放在主语之前。 Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. = Though he tries hard, he never seems? 虽然他尽了努力,但他的工作总做的不尽人意。 3) ever if, even though. 即使 We'll make a trip even though the weather is bad. 4) whether?or- 不管??都 Whether you believe it or not, it is true. 5) "no matter +疑问词" 或"疑问词+后缀 ever" No matter what happened, he would not mind. Whatever happened, he would not mind. 替换:no matter what = whatever no matter who = whoever no matter when = whenever no matter where = wherever no matter which = whichever no matter how = however 注意:no matter 不能引导主语从句和宾语从句。 (错)No matter what you say is of no use now. (对)Whatever you say is of no use now. 你现在说什么也没用了。(Whatever you say 是主 语从句) (错)Prisoners have to eat no matter what they're given, (对)Prisoners have to eat whatever they're given. 囚犯们只能给什么吃什么。 6)while 尽管,引导的让步状语从句放在句首。 While he is in poor health, he is still working on with us.尽管他身体状况不好,他仍在和我 们一起坚持工作。 【题文】16.She didn't recognize the man who hit her because she could only moving towards her. A.turn out B.make out C.set out D.bring out a dark shape

【答案】 【知识点】A8 动词短语 【答案解析】B。解析:句意:她没有认出打她的那个人是谁,因为她只能看清一个快速向她 移动的暗影。turn out 结果是;make out 看清,辨认出;set out 出发;bring out 吐出。故 选 B。

【题文】17.It will not be many decades before Chinese businesses own more profits abroad than now of any other nation. A.those B.these C.that D.ones 【答案】 【知识点】A2 代词 【答案解析】A。解析:句意:要不了几十年中国的商业就会从国外比其他任何国家的生意赚 取更多的利润。根据题干前文 businesses,与之对应应是 those。故选 D。 【题文】18. you read the instructions closely, you would know what I . A.Had, was B.Should, am C.Had, am D.If, was 【答案】 【知识点】A10 情态动词与虚拟语气 A11 动词的时态与语态 【答案解析】C。解析:句意:如果你仔细阅读了说明,你就会知道我现在指的是什么了。根 据句意可知条件状语从句与过去的事实相反,在条件状语从句中,若 if 省略,需将 should /had/were 提前。主句中“我现在指的是什么”是客观事实,故用 am。故选 C。 【题文】19.--Thank you very much for everything.You've been so helpful. --. Just let me know if there is anything else I can do for you. A.My pleasure B.With pleasure C.Never mind D.Please don't say so 【答案】 【知识点】A17 情景交际 【答案解析】A。解析:根据题干中的 thank you 可判断答语。A.My pleasure 不用谢;B.With pleasure 很乐意(去做) ,用于别人邀请你做什么事时;C.Never mind 别介意;D.Please don't say so 请不要这么说。故选 A。 【题文】20.The dictionary is what I want, but I don't have enough money me. A.by B.for C.with D.in 【答案】 【知识点】A6 连词与介词 【答案解析】C。解析:句意:词典是我想要的,但是我身上没带什么钱。have money on sb 身上带钱。故选 C。 【题文】21.-Lily, my parents have promised a 2 - day trip this weekend for my good performance. -Cool.You a good time then. A.will be having B.have had C.will have had D.were having 【答案】 【知识点】A11 动词的时态与语态 【答案解析】A。解析:句意:---Lily,我父母亲因为我的表现好答应给我两天的旅行。----爽。 你那时将正在玩地很高兴。表示将来某个时间段或时间点正在进行的动作应用将来进行 时。故选 A。 【题文】22.-Any danger for the patient on by Dr.Smith? - Hard to say.Doctors are trying their best. A.to operate B.being operated C.to be operated D.operating 【答案】 【知识点】A9 非谓语动词 【答案解析】B。解析:句意:---史密斯先生做手术的那位病人有危险。---很难说。医生们正 在尽力。 根据题干中的 danger 应该是正在进行手术的病人, patient 是 operate 的动作承受者, 有表示动作正在进行,应用现在分词的被动式。故选 B。 【题文】23.Before the sales start, I make a list of my kids will need for the coming season. A.why B.how C.what D.which 【答案】 【知识点】A13 名词性从句的宾语从句引导词 what 的用法 【答案解析】C。解析:句意:大减价开始之前,我为我孩子们在即将到来的季节所需要的东 西列个清单。空后的 of 宾语从句中缺少 need 的宾语,故用 what 引导。故选 C。

【题文】24.Mike, A.follows B.following

your doctor's advice or your cold will get worse. C.followed D.follow

【答案】 【知识点】A16 特殊句式 【答案解析】D。解析:根据题干中 Mike 后的逗号可知这是句型:祈使句+ or +分句。句意: 听从医生的建议,否则你的感冒会更厉害。故选 D。 【题文】 25. As far as I see, is no possibility he will win the tennis match this time. A.it; that B.there; that C.it; whether D.there; whether 【答案】 【知识点】A16 特殊句式 【答案解析】B。解析:句意:就我看来,他不可能赢得这次乒乓球比赛。根据句型:There is no possibility that?没有可能??。故选 B。 第四节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出适合填入对应空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

【答案】 【知识点】B1 记叙文

【文章综述】作者在陪丈夫去看病的路上帮助了 Dan,Dan 回报就是给他们提供木材,可惜他不 知道作者的丈夫的手不能再砍柴了。做好事也要看对方的需要和感受。 【答案解析】 26.C 考查动词辨析。worked 工作;woke 醒;left 留下,动身;arrived 到达。根据前文,今 天是再给作者的丈夫去看病。根据下文的 thirty minutes late 和 trip 判断是动身晚了。故选 C。 27.B 考查形容词辨析。mild 温柔的;strong 强壮的;cold 寒冷的;heavy 重的。The strong wind 强风,根据下文的“风几乎将我们的小汽车推下马路”判断。故选 B。 28.B 考查名词辨析。shelter 遮阳处;ride 骑车,便车;doctor 医生;guide 向导。作者看到 前文的 a young man 很吃力地前行,停下这来问问是否搭乘便车。故选 B。 29.A 考查副词辨析。gladly 高兴地;anxiously 焦急地;bravely 勇敢地;eventually 最后, 终于。根据前文的他吃力前行和 accepted in no time 立即接受,判断是“高兴地”。故选 A。 30.C 考查动词辨析。 watch 观看;wondered 想知道;noticed 注意;recognized 认出,承 认。根据下文的情况应是“注意到”。故选 C。 31.D 考查动词辨析。discussed 讨论;doubted 怀疑;expected 期望;enquired 询问。根据下 文宾语从句的内容应是“询问”。故选 D。 32.D 考查动词辨析。pick 捡起;hold 拥有,握住;bring 带来;load 装载。根据前文的卡车应 是装载。故选 D。 33.B 考查形容词辨析。cheap 便宜的;free 免费的;enough 足够的;ready 准备好的。根据下 文的 take all you want 判断是免费的。故选 B。 34.C 考查副词辨析。always 总是;never 从不;hardly 几乎不,简直不;already 已经。根据 上下文应是几乎不在家。故选 C。 35.A 考查动词辨析。insisting 坚持,坚决要求;demanding 需要;denying 拒绝;arguing 争 吵。我们坚持要求付钱。故选 A。 36.C 考查宾语从句引导词词辨析。空后的宾语从句中缺少 told 的直接宾语,只有 what 引导宾语

从句时,在从句中作宾语。故选 C。 37.B 考查形容词辨析。tall 高的;friendly 友好的;fierce 猛烈的;smart 聪明的。根据下文 kindness 可判断这个牛头犬是友好的。故选 B。 38.D 考查名词辨析。 bark 吠叫;bite 咬;greeting 打招呼;lick 联系。根据下文的 lick 判断选 D。 39.C 考查动词短语辨析。got down 下来;cheered up 欢呼;went off 离开;come over 过 来。此处是 Dan 和狗跑着离开了。故选 C。 40.A 考查动词辨析。Struck 打动;disappointed 使??失望;excited 使??兴奋;confused 使??迷惑不解。“最打动我的是??”。故选 A。 41.B 考查名词辨析。face 脸;hand 手;leg 腿;back 背。根据前文是我丈夫的手。故选 B。 42.C 考查形容词辨析。 surprising 令人惊奇的;embarrassing 令人尴尬的;missing 不见的; aching 疼痛的。根据前文的严重事故,应是失掉了一个手指。故选 C。 43.D 考查名词辨析。intention 意欲;mind 心思;courage 勇气;strength 力气,实力。 44.A 考查动词辨析。repaid 回报;awarded 报酬,奖赏;received 遭受,收到;supplied 供 应。因为作者好心让 Dan 搭乘便车,Dan 给他们提供木材是一种回报。故选 A。 45.B 考查疑问词短语辨析。how soon 多久;how much 多少;how often 多长时间一次;how far 多远。how much 修饰 mean,故选 B。
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该选项涂黑。 【题文】A Katie was in big trouble.She was such a sweet kid; a third - grade teacher always dreamed of having a classroom filled with Katie’s she was never ever a discipline(纪律) problem. I just couldn't imagine why she had made her parents so angry. It seemed that Katie had been running up sizable charges in the lunchroom.Her parents explained that Katie brought a great homemade lunch each day, and there was no reason for her to buy school lunch. They assumed a sit - down with Katie would solve the problem, but failed.So they asked me to help them get to the bottom of this situation. So the next day, I asked Katie to my office."Why are you charging lunches, Katie? What happened to your homemade lunch?" I asked. "I lose it," she responded. I leaned back in my chair and said, "I don't believe you, Katie. " She didn't care. "Is someone stealing your lunch, Katie?" I took a new track. "No.I just lose it," she said.Well, there was nothing else I could do. The problem was still unsolved the next week when I noticed a boy who was new to the school sitting alone at a lunch table. He always looked sad.I thought I would go and sit with him for a while.As I walked towards him, I noticed the lunch bag on the table. The name on the bag said " Katie " . Now I understood and I talked to Katie. It seemed that the new boy never brought a lunch, and he wouldn't go to the lunch line for a free lunch.He had told Katie his secret and asked her not to tell anyone that his parents wanted him to get a free lunch at school. Katie asked me not to tell her parents, but I drove to her house that evening after I was sure that she was in bed. I had never seen parents so proud of their child . Katie didn't care that her parents and teacher were disappointed in her.But she cared about a little boy who was hungry and scared. Katie still buys lunch every day at school. And every day, as she heads out of the door, her

mom hands her a delicious homemade lunch. 46.What did the author think of Katie? A.She performed well at school. B.She was a girl filled with love. C.She often made trouble at school. D.She used to be a discipline problem. 47.Why did Katie eat school lunch instead of her homemade lunch every day? A.She lost her homemade lunch. B.She had her homemade lunch stolen. C.She didn't like the taste of her homemade lunch. D.She gave her homemade lunch to a hungry boy. 48.What was Katie's parents' reaction to the truth about the lunch? A.They were very angry. B.They were proud of Katie. C.They were disappointed. D.They were rather upset. 49.What can we learn from the passage? A. Katie was informed that her parents had known her secret. B. Katie told the author the truth of her lunch during their first talk. C. Katie's secret of lunch was discovered by the author by accident. D. Katie stopped buying lunch at school after her secret was discovered. 【答案】 【知识点】C2 故事类 【文章综述】本文讲述的是 Katie 为了帮助一个挨饿的、恐惧的新生而要家里做的和学校里的 两份午餐,虽然面对着老师和父母的误解,她依然帮助新同学。 【答案解析】 46.A 推断题。 根据文章第一段的 a sweet girl 和文中老师对她的爱戴可推断她在学校表现很 好。故选 A。 47.D 细节题。根据文章第四段的 As I walked towards him, I noticed the lunch bag on the table. The name on the bag said " Katie " 可知 Katie 将自己母亲给做的午餐让给了新同学。故 选 D。 48.B 细节题。 根据文章倒数第二段的 I had never seen parents so proud of their child 推断她的母 亲以她为自豪。故选 B。 49.C 推断题。根据文中作者和 Katie 的约定排除 A;根据文章第三段排除 B;根据文章的最后 一段排除 D;根据文章的第四段可知作者偶然发现的 Katie 的秘密。故选 C。

【题文】B Paris - A winter storm brought blanket of snow across Europe on Monday, forcing the closure of the icy Eiffel Tower in Paris and causing flight cancellations. Up to four inches of snow was recorded in parts of France, the National Weather Service said.Most areas, including Paris, got around half that amount.French authorities issued traffic alerts in around 30 regions because of icy roads.The Eiffel Tower, one of the main tourist attractions in Paris, was closed because of slippery conditions. " We can't put down salt because it's metallic," Eiffel Tower press officer Is a belle Snouts said." We can't use sand either, because it risks getting into the elevator cogs(嵌齿) ." "The cold," she said, "is no problem, but snow can be dangerous." A dozen flights were canceled at Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, officials said. The Paris airport authority said bad weather in other parts of Europe continued to the cancellations.Workers had

been sent since midnight Sunday to clear runways at Charles de Gaulle and the smaller Only Airport. In Germaine, heavy snowfall snarled road traffic and flight delays and cancellations at the country}y s intimation airports.Glissando of Interactional Airport said no flights were allowed in or out between 6 -9 am Monday because clearing crew were unable to keep up with the snow. More than 30 flights were canceled because of the bad weather, import spokesman Christian Witt said.Up to four inches of snow was reported in Tussled and around six inches in Potsdam, but none had struggled to the roads amid (在??环境中 ) heavy post - holiday traffic. Germany's National Weather Service is forecasting subzero temperatures for the coming days . Snow also fell across Britain . Children built snowmen in parts of England, including Cambridge. 50.The winter storm brought of snow across Paris. A.4 inches B.about 2 inches C.half an inch D.6 inches 51.According to the passage, people usually use to avoid slippery conditions. A.salt and wood B.sand and stone C.salt and sand D.wood and stone 52.From the passage we know . A. several flights from Frankfurt, international Airport were canceled B. flights from Dtisseldorf International Airport probably could take off after 9 am Monday C. it is getting warmer in the days to come in Germany D. people can put down chemicals on the Eiffel Tower when it is slippery 【答案】 【知识点】C3 新闻报道类 【文章综述】本文报道了西欧国家如英国、法国、德国等遭受暴雪的情况。 【答案解析】 50.B 细节题。根据文章的第二段 Up to four inches of snow was recorded in parts of France, the National Weather Service said. Most areas, including Paris, got around half that amount 可知巴黎下 了大约 2 英寸的雪。故选 B。 51.C 推断题。根据文章的第三段可推断人们通常借助沙子和盐来改善湿滑的路面。故选 C。 52.B 推断题。 根据文章的倒数第三段可推断 Dtisseldorf International Airport 的航班徐推迟到周 一上午九点后。故选 B。 【题文】C When times get tough, we all look for ways to cut back. When we’re hungry, we eat at home instead of going out. We take buses instead of taxis. And we wear our old designer jeans just a few months longer. With college expenses at all-time highs, high school students are eager to do anything to cut the cost of a university education. One cost-cutting proposal is to allow college students to get a bachelor’ s degree in three years instead of four. Educational institutions have been actively exploring ways to make the learning process more efficient. But there’s a question: Would the quality of undergraduate( 本 科 生)education suffer? Few US universities have formally approved a “three-year degree” model. I doubt that mainstream North American colleges will carry out a three-year curriculum(课程) any time soon. For one thing, most universities already allow highly qualified students to graduate early by testing out of certain classes and obtaining a number of college credits(学分). In addition, at famous universities, the committee who determine which courses are required and which courses are electives are unlikely to suddenly “throw out” one quarter of the required credits. Professors will resist “diluting(稀释)” the quality of the education they offer.

In my opinion, a quality four-year education is always superior to a quality three-year education. A college education requires sufficient time for a student to become skilled in their major and do coursework in fields outside their major. It is not a good idea to water down education, any more than it’ s not a good idea to water down medicine. If we want to help students find their way through university, we should help them understand early on what knowledge and skills they need to have upon graduation. We should allow students to test out of as many courses as possible. We should give them a chance to earn money as interns(实习生)in meaningful part-time jobs that relate to their university studies, such as the five-year co-op program at Northeastern University. 53.The first paragraph serves as a(n) . A.explanation B.comment C.definition D.introduction 54.In most US universities, . A.college students are offered the co - op program B.electives' credits make up one quarter of the required credits C.all students are required to finish four - year education before graduation D.some excellent students can graduate ahead of time 55.According to the passage, we can infer that 。 A. the author is a professor of a famous university B. the author thinks the cost of a university education is too high for people to afford C.the author considers the university education quality very important D. the author pays special attention to the all - round development of college students 56.Which of the following can be the best title? A.It' s time to shorten the learning process B. Best learning takes place over time C.University education should be watered down D.College education calls for reform 【答案】 【知识点】C5 文化教育类 【文章综述】本文是议论文阅读。作者主要论述了大学教育的“速成”问题和大学资格的问 题,作者认为知识和技能需要时间去消化和提高,所以他不赞成大学教育的速成。 【答案解析】 53.D 推断题。A 解释;B 评论;C 定义;D 介绍。通读第一、二段可推断第一段是介绍,引 出主题。故选 D。 54.D 细节题。根据文章第三段的 most universities already allow highly qualified students to graduate early by testing out of certain classes and obtaining a number of college credits(学分). In addition, at famous universities, the committee who determine which courses are required and which courses are electives are unlikely to suddenly “throw out” one quarter of the required credits 可知 美国的著名大学允许优秀的学生提前毕业。故选 D。 55.C 推断题。根据文章的最后一段可知作者更大学的资格教育很重要。故选 C。 56.B 主旨题。A 到了缩短学习程序的时候了;B 最好的学习需要时间保证;C 大学教育需要 稀释;D 大学教育需要改革。通读全文,并根据文章的最后一段可知作者认为大学的知识和技 能需要时间的“发酵” 。故选 B。 【题文】D

57.In the book China Is Not Happy, the authors express their dissatisfaction with . A.the influence of western countries on China B.the relationship in economy between China and western countries C.China's position in the interactional stage in the world today D.Westerners' robbing China of many resources in history 58.Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage? A.China has made great historical breakthroughs in the past several years. B.China's civilization has advantages over the westerners'. C.China needs to use its growing power and economic resources to build its own world position. D.China should be the number one leader in the world. 59.We can infer from the fifth paragraph A.some of the responses to the book is negative B.the youth and the elderly in China are angry with the book C.the authors of the book are reporters and sociologists D.many Chinese express their radical opinions 60.The book is named China Is Not Happy because on the book A.China wants to put pressure on the western countries B.it reflects the national feelings of Chinese people C.the authors of the book asked them to do so D.it is a good selling point 【答案】 【知识点】C3 新闻报道类 【文章综述】本文是主要介绍《中国不高兴》这本书的出版原因和出版意图。 【答案解析】 57.C 推理题。根据文章第二段的最后两句话可推断中国不高兴的原因就是中国在国际舞台上 的地位不高。故选 C。

58.A 细节题。根据文章的第一段中国这几年 GDP 一直在增加,但并没有那么大的突破。故选 A。 59.A 推理题。根据文章第一段的 China is not pleased 可知关于这本书的一些观点是否定的。 故选 A。 60.D 推理题。 根据文章倒数第二段的第一、 二句话可推断作者起这样的书名就是该书的卖点。 还有文章的最后一句话也可推断。故选 D。 第二节(共 5 小题;每题 2 分,满分 10 分) 【题文】 根据短文内容,从下框的 A—F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑,选项中有一项为多余项。

Research shows that pets help reduce stress.Do you know why and how? For those who love animals, it's virtually impossible to stay in a bad mood when a pair of loving puppy eyes meets yours, or when a super - soft cat rubs up against your head. Research supports the mood - enhancing benefits of pets. A recent study found that men with AIDS were less likely to suffer from depression if they owned a pet. According to a study, men with AIDS who had pets were only about 50 percent more likely to report symptoms of depression, compared to men with (AIDS who didn't have pets. )

While ACE inhibiting drugs can generally reduce blood pressure, they aren't as effective on controlling spikes in blood pressure due to stress and tension. However, in a recent study, a group of patients who got dogs or cats were found to have lower blood pressure and haut rates than those having no pets.When they heard of the results, most of those in the non - pet group went out and got pets !

Whether we walk our dogs because they need it, or are more likely to enjoy a walk when we have companionship, dog owners do spend more time walking than non - pet owners, at least if we live in an urban setting. Because exercise is good for stress management and overall health, owning a dog can be credited with increasing these benefits.

When we're out walking, having a dog with us can make us more approachable and pave people a reason to stop and talk, thereby increasing the number of people we meet, giving us an pop corduroy to increase our net - work of friends and acquaintances, which also has great stress management benefits.

Peels can be there for you in ways that people can't.They can offer love and companionship, and can also enjoy comfortable silence, keep secrets and are excellent companions.And they could be the best killer to loneliness.In fact, research shows that nursing home residents reported less loneliness when visited by dogs than when they spent time with other people ! All these benefits can reduce the amount of stress people experience in response to feelings of social isolation and lack of social support from people. 【答案】 【知识点】P3 信息匹配 【文章综述】本文是议论文,主要讨论了宠物是否会减轻人们的压力。 【答案解析】 61.B 根据 B 中和下一段的关键词 a bad mood,improve 以及该段的关键句 Research supports the mood - enhancing benefits of pets 判断选 B。 62.E 根据 E 中和下一段的关键词 reduce blood pressure, control blood pressure better 判断选 E。 63.D 根据 D 中和下一段的关键词 exercise,get out,walk,accompany 等判断选 D。 64.C 根据 C 中和下一段的关键词 social support,increase the number of the people we meet 等 判断选 C。 65.F 根据 F 中和下一段的关键词 loneliness, provide unconditional love 和 offer love and companionship 可知选 F。

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题共 55 分)
第三部分:写作【共三节,满分 55 分】 第一节:单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 【题文】根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出 对应单词的正确、完整形式,每空只写一词。 66.He was unfit for the job, so he (辞职)his post. 67. Sunshine is____(有益的)to the growth of plants. 68. Mom,1 wonder if you can____(陪伴)me on the trip to Shanghai this summer. 69. People all over the world____(渴望)peace. 70.He____(捐赠)his collection of pictures to the museum last week. 71.They wished to begin the project____(立刻)after dinner. 72.Little Tom told me that his____(雄心)was to be a rock star, just like Michael Jordan. 73.The president is going to deliver a speech on____(星期四) . 74. Unluckily, the house that we bought is in____(废墟) . 75.German is a country____(属于)to Europe and we call it a European country. 【答案】 【知识点】P4 单词拼写 【答案解析】 66.resigned 根据题干的前一分句是过去时,此处应用过去时。 67.beneficial 此处是形容词作表语。 68.accompany 空前是情态动词 can,应用动词原形。 69.desire 题干叙述的是客观事实,应用动词原形。 70.donated 根据题干中的 last week 判断应用过去时。 71.immediately 此处需要副词修饰介词短语 after dinner。 72.ambition 根据空前的 his 判断用名词形式。 73.Thursday 注意第一个字母必须大写。 74.ruins in ruins 废墟一片,故用复数形式。

75.belonging 现在分词作 country 的后置定语,country 是 belong 的动作执行者。 第二节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 介,满分 15 分) 【题文】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改. 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(A) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线(____) ,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 East summer I learnt to ride a bicycle . At first,1 was unable to control its directions. Sometimes I fall to the right or to the left.I was worrying to ask my father impatiently how I could ride straight, so he didn't answer me directly. Instead, he took me to side of the street. "Can you find any bike track what is really straight?" asked my father.1 watched more carefully and shook my head. “No," he said, "in fact, neither of the tracks is always straight. But just by correct the direction every now and then, I have already gone forward.” 【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【思路点拨】该题重点考查基础知识的应用,注意名词单复数,动词人称,形容词和副词的 变化,时态、语态等基础知识。

【答案解析】 1. directions 改成 direction direction。 2. fall 改成 fell 根据语境应用一般过去时,故 fall 改为 fell。 3. worrying 改成 worried 4. so 改成 but 5. side 前加 the 6. that 改成 what 8.neither 改成 none 因为 I 做主语,应是感到焦虑的,故 worrying 改为 worried。 so 前后的分句是并列关系,故 so 改为 but。 the side of the street 街道边上,side 应该特指。故 side 前加 the。 此处是宾语从句,从句中不缺少成分,故将 that 改为 what。 根据前文的 any bike track 判断,neither 指“两者都不” ,none 指“三者 根据前文的 a bicycle,此处应用单数形式,故 directions 改成

7. more carefully 的 more 去掉 根据上下文无比较含义,故去掉 more。 以上的都不” 。故 neither 改成 none。 9. correct 改成 correcting by 为介词,后跟动词的 ing 形式作宾语,故 correct 改成 correcting。

10. I 改成 you 根据前文,他是对我说,又是直接引语,故将 I 改成 you。 第三节书面表达(满分 30 分) 【题文】假定你是李华,你的朋友王平约你本周日一同参加同学黎明的十八岁生日聚会, 但你有以下几件事情不明白,请用英语写给王平一封电子邮件进行询问。 1.地点及开始时间;2.交通方式; 3.准备礼物; 4.安排及结束时间。 注意:1.词数不少于 100(已给出的开头和结尾不计人总词数) ; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Wang Ping,

Looking forward to your early reply. Yours , Li Hua 【答案】 【知识点】F5 书面表达夹叙夹议文 【范文】

【思路点拨】 本文是应用文。要求学生写邮件询问生日聚会的有关事情。故应用一般现在时和第二人 称。 该文章完全完成了试题规定的任务,内容完整,条理清楚。所用语法和词汇满足了任务 要求,应用得体。When 引导并列宾语从句;选择疑问句;if 引导宾语从句;how 引导宾语从 句;that 引导的定语从句,不定式作表语和定语等都彰显了作者扎实的英语功底。


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