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合肥市2016届高三第一次教学质量检查英语试题


合肥市 2016 年高三第一次教学质量检测 英语试题 (考试时间:120 分钟满分:150 分) 第 I 卷(三部分,共 115 分) 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£19. 15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15. 答案是 C 1. What will Jack do this weekend? A. Go for a picnic . B. Make some plans. C. Work on his paper. 2. What-s the woman's favorite sport? A. Basketball. B. Tennis. C. Baseball. 3. What is the weather like now? A. Rainy. B. Cloudy. C. Windy. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. Public transportation. B.Ways to get to school. C. Advantages of riding a bike. 5. What was the woman's problem? A. She got on the wrong train. B. She got into the wrong carriage. C. She lost her train ticket. 第二节(共 15 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A.B.C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does the man want to do? A. Buy a T-shirt. B. Exchange a T-shirt. C. Return a T-shirt. 7. What's wrong with the T-shirt? A. It has a hole in the collar. B.It-s not a good match. C.It-s the wrong color.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8.9 题。 8. Why is the woman going to the library? A.To return some books. B. To prepare for the exams. C. To borrow magazines and newspapers. 9. What are the speakers going to do in the afternoon? A. Go swimming. B. Read in the library. C. Attend a chemistry class. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What did the woman do at the weekend? A. She hung out with her friends. B. She attended a board meeting. C. She prepared a report for a meeting. 11. Why is the woman so tired? A. Because she has overworked for half a month. B. Because she has got a serious sleep problem. C. Because she stayed up all night yesterday. 12. What does the man advise the woman to do? A. Ask the boss for an extension. B. Put off the board meeting. C,. Stick to the scheduled time. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. When is the woman leaving for Hawaii? A. In two weeks. ' B. Next Wednesday. C. In early November. 14. How long will the woman stay there? A. Two days. B. Twelve days. C. Fourteen days. 15. What festival falls on the day when the woman arrives? A. Christmas. B. Thanksgiving. C. New Year's Day. 16. Which of the following will the woman probably take as a gift? A. French wine. B. Italian cheese. C. Chinese tea. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where does the speaker work? ' A. At a healthcare center. B. At a nursing home. C. At a local hospital. 18. What's the purpose of the lecture? A. To draw people's attention to hand washing. B. To introduce the Global Hand Washing Day. C. To tell people to prevent some common illnesses. 19. How many seconds should we spend washing our hands at least? A. Two. B. Twelve. C. Twenty. 20. What does the speaker suggest finally? A. Exercising our fingers gently. B. Making our hands dry in time. C. Using some hand cream of good quality.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A When you're looking forward to taking a holiday in Egypt, you're certainly not short of choices. The country has so many to see that you'll probably not want to limit yourself to just one city. Hurghada-A Water Sports Paradise With 250 hotels ranking from comfortable 3-star hotels Lip to 5-star accommodation, the main attraction of staying here is the activities in and on the warm waters. It has become an international centre for water sports, allowing visitors to take part in surfing, sailing and deep sea fishing. The waters are also home to a huge variety of coral and fish, making it a dream spot for diving. If all that isn-t enough, Hurghada is home to some of the world's finest underwater gardens. Luxor-An Open Air Museum of Ancient History For those with an interest in Egyptian history, Luxor is an excellent place to stay and is built upon the site of the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes. If you make this the base for your Egypt holiday, you're basically staying in an open air museum! The modern city of Luxor has the ruins of Karnak. Across the Nile lie many more monuments, temples and tombs including the Valley of the Kings and the Queens. The Nile sailing is necessary for those with an interest in the country's ancient history. Cairo- The Capital City Finally, of course, there's Cairo. It-s definitely a starting point for most of Egypt holiday makers. Cairo offers an excelllent mix of culture, art, cooking and sightseeing chances. With the famous pyramids, various temples and some fascinating museums, Cairo is a fantastic choice if you can come to the city.

21. Visitors flood to Hurghada mainly because it can offer them _ . A. the funniest botanic gardens B. choices of water activities C. a brief history of Egypt D. the mix of culture and art 22. Which of the following cities do most tourists visit first in Egypt? A. Cairo. B. Luxor. C. Thebes. D. Hurghada. 23. This passage is most probably taken from _ . A. a historical document B. a science magazine C. a travel guide D. a book review B It-s the universal cry of parents. "Get a job! " Soliman's mother told Soliman on the

second day of his college breaks. After years of delivering furniture for his mother'-s store, he knew many people had things they wanted to get rid of. If he borrowed his mom's truck, he could make a little money by carrying away their garbage. One night, Soliman came up with a name for his new business - College Hunks Hauling Junk. He advertised the next day, and within hours, his phone rang. He asked his friend Friedman to help. They made $ 220 in three hours by cleaning out a woman-s garage. Soliman and Friedman earned $ 10,000 that summer. But the two weren't ready to become full- time garbage mcn after graduation. "We were trained to finish college and get a good job," says Soliman, who first worked at a research firm. Friedman bccame an economic analyst. After working for the firm and the company for a while, both of them changed their minds. They quit their jobs and restarted their business, but had trouble finding a bank willing to lend them money. "Within months," says Friedman, "we were pretty upset. " At last, one bank risked lending them $ 50,000. At first, they lost money. One customer asked them to deal with a dozen garbage cans filled with construction garbage. They measured the job by volume instead of by weight and charged just $ 130. "The cans were so heavy that it took us two and a half hours," says Soliman, "And it cost us more than $ 250 to carry the load. " However, the tough experience taught them a lesson. They reduced the cost of unloading by recycling metals and electronics. Just four years later, they ran a nationwide company that earned $ 3 million in 2014. " I figured if Nick and I failed, we'd learn more from failing than from not trying at all," says Soliman. 24. What does Soliman find when helping to deliver furniture? A. Some parents want their kids to work at college breaks. B. Many families have things they don't want to keep. C. His mom's truck works well in carrying heavy furniture. D. It's hard to make money by carrying away the garbage. 25. What makes Soliman think of starting his new business? A. His working experience in his mother's store. B. His strong desire to make use of the garbage. C. His hatred for people's throwing away things. D. His much available time at college breaks. 26. How did Soliman and Friedman cut the cost of the company? A. By filling the cans with more garbage. B. By measuring the job by volume. C. By reducing the working hours. D. By recycling something useful. 27. Which of the following can be learned from the passage? A. Easier said than done. B. Nothing succeeds like success. C. Two heads are better than one. D. Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. C Blue whales are the largest animals ever known to have existed on the planet, and they can grow to a length of 100 feet and weigh more than 330,000 pounds. But recently

researchers have found that these whales are on the move and they have migrated from California waters to areas off Canada and Alaska for the first time since commercial whaling ended in 1965. The researchers identified 15 blue whales that have appeared off the coast of British Columbia and the Gulf of Alaska since 1997. Four of these whales were recognized as ones that were once sighted off California shores, suggesting that the whales are returning to an old migration pattern between the coasts. Before commercial whaling began in the early 1900s, blue whales were found widely throughout the North Pacific and California waters. But from the 1920s to the 1960s, whaling severely reduced the whale populations. Blue whales never recovered in the Northern Pacific, making sightings in this area rare. However, much larger groups of whales have been observed close to California since the 1970s. The scientists had previously thought that the California population was separate from the population that had historically lived in North Pacific waters. But the current study shows that whales off the coast of British Columbia and the Gulf of Alaska are likely part of the California population. To identify the blue whales, the researchers looked at photos of cetaceans taken in the North Pacific Ocean and compared them with a library of blue whale pictures taken along the West Cost of the United States and Southern Pacific. Up to now, the researchers are not quite sure why the whales are changing their migration patterns, but they suspect that the whales may be following their food moving farther north by the changes in ocean conditions. 28. According to the passage, blue whales are . A. following a fixed route of migration B. dying out due to commercial whaling C. moving from the south to the north D. rarely found in the Southern Pacific 29. The whale population in the northern Pacific . A. is different from the California population B. is probably part of the California population C. has become the largest group since the 1970s D. has lived there since the 1960s 30. The underlined word "cetaceans" in Paragraph 5 probably means . A. land creatures B. whale species C. ocean conditions D. migration patterns 31. What might make blue whales migrate according to the researchers? A. Commercial whaling. B. Weather conditions. C. Life reproduction. D. Food resources. D When slaves were first brought over from West Africa to the southern parts of America, they brought along with them aspects of their own culture-religion, dance, language, music, and cuisine. A mix of the two cultures eventually appeared. The religious dance of the ring shout turned into modern dances like the Charleston, and tribal chants slowly transformed into sorrowful hymns (圣歌) sung by slaves that described their

hardships. These soulful accounts by slaves of the severe climate and conditions began to be called "the blues" , which continued in popularity among African Americans after the Civil War. This music increased in popularity into the early 1900s when many black musicians became an important part of the music industry. The slaves that had been brought over were from all different regions of West Africa, but they worked together until they gradually formed a common culture. This strengthened the identity of their music that, in the 1950s, eventually led to the beginning of rock and roll. The Beatles, the most influential band of the 1960s, are often determined as the acceleraior that resulted in the ideology (意识形态)surrounding music that is still around today. The frcedom and individuality associated with that time period brought forth a whole culture surrounding music. It was not just music any more, but a lifestyle. Ovcr the dccadcs, music has developed into such a vital part of society and pop culture. Musicians arc glorified, with tons of adoring and screaming fans. The modern technology of present day has allowed for a greater gap betwcen the creator of the music and the fans, as well as a widespread commercialization of music. However, criticisms of modern pop music often arise due to its mass production, and now there is a lack of the same soul and quality of naturalness and simplicity in music that was rising in the early 20th century. 32. What contributed to the birth of the Charleston? A. Various African religions. B. People's love of tribal dances. C.A mix of two different cultures. D. The popularity of sorrowful hymns. 33. According to the passage, what can we learn about the blues? A. It became popular in the late 20th century. B. It may include the description of slaves' sad lives. C. It mainly told the stories of the American Civil War. D. It reflected the hard lives of many black musicians. 34. What does the underlined word "this” in the third paragraph refer to? A. Slaves' collective work. B. One region of West Africa. C. The new common culture. D. The music by the Beatles. 35. It can be learned that the music in the early 20th century____. A. possessed soul and sincerity B. became more commercialized C. was blamed for its mass production I). widened the gap between musicians and fans 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。 How to Help a Teenager Make Good Decisions Habitually poor decision making is actually common in teenagers. Naturally, such a habit makes parent-teen cooperation difficult, especially when a parent wants his teen to do what a " responsible adolescent" would do. A poor decision-making teenager can never run away from his responsibilities. 36 ● Distinguish real problems from acts of pure "teenagerism". Teens often make poor

decisions simply because they don-t have the experiences. By making small and harmless mistakes, like a recently- developed habit of careless consuming, a teen learns good decision-making skills on his own via self-correction.__37 Don't think the teen is making bad decisions just to challenge you. It's more likely it is out of a real inability to determine what's best for him. ● 38 Tell your teen you understand his decisions while simply emphasizing that you don't have to agree with his decisions or treat his views as valid. By not judging his opinions, tastes or style, you are opening the road for better communication and problem solving opportunities. - Set clear expectations. 39 For example, if your teen refuses to study for his math final because "math is pointless," explain that you expect him to perform well in school, even in the "pointless" classes. Because you've already tolerated his opinion without trying to change his viewpoint, you two can easily agree that math isn't so useful, yet avoid saying "Let's just give up on math, then.”” ● Find a middle ground. Trade insignificant freedoms, such as clothing style for the promise that he'll live up to academic and family responsibilities. _40_ Not only does giving up a bit of control solve many conflicts, but the extra freedom you give him can also improve his decision-making. A。Show tolerance. B. Learn to solve problems. C. Point out your expectations and his responsibilities. D. If your teen could realize it, allow him to be himself. E.A responsible adolescent must have role models to learn from. F. Therefore, it’s important to guide them with problem-solving strategies. G. Next time, he'll be more likely to think twice before making his buying decision.

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D)中,选出可以填人空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 After stepping out of the international plane, I realized my lo-hour sleepy voyage finally came to an end. Sitting on the bus, I was waiting anxiously for it to start. A woman9 sitting next to me, and her daughter both seemed _41 _' She told me that her daughter had an upset stomach and would throw up continuously; _42 , the mother had lost her_43 . Apart from a significant amount of money, the purse also had her phone and a phone number of an important 44 , a person she was travelling 90 kilometers to meet for discussing a _45 matter which had to be _46 by tomorrow morning. I handed her my cellphone without 47 and told her that she could make any call she wanted. I also 48 a bottle of water I had in my bag to relieve her daughter of her _49 . After making several calls, they finally -50 to the official! They turned to look at me _51 and thanked me many times. The woman tried to pay for my _52 , but I jumped to do it before her _53 I knew she had lost her money. Next morning, I received a call from the mother, saying that they couldn't tell how much my _54 act touched them. They were so _55 that they had taken down my number

to thank me. I was 56 to be thanked in this way. I never thought my simple offer 57 so much in her heart. And I thought of how many opportunities for 58 we had lost by plugging onto cellphones and being disconnected _59 the reality around us- something with easy access may make a big _60 to others. 41, A. excited B. relaxed C. unconscious D. uncomfortable 42. A. besides B. however C. therefore D. otherwise 43. A. phone B. address C. purse D. luggage 44. A. accountant B. doctor C. lawyer D. official 45, A. simple B. pressing C. political D. financial 46. A. settled B. ignored C. raised D. dropped 47. A. doubt B. permission C. question D. hesitation 48. A. produced B. ordered C. bought D. sold 49. A. fever B. stress C. sickness D. appetite 50. A. came over B. got through C. looked up D. turned around 51. A. doubtfully B. closely C. anxiously D. gratefully 52. A. water B. offer C. ticket D. assistance 53. A. since B. if C. while D. although 54. A. temporary B. generous C. cautious D. honest 55. A. reasonable B. flexible C. considerate D. desperate 56. A. ashamed B. astonished C. disappointed D. amused 57. A. weighed B. balanced C. increased D. ranked 58. A. courage B. success C. kindness D. justice 59. A. in B. beyond C. of D. from 60. A. promise B. wish . C. difference D. gesture

第Ⅱ卷 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填人适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。将答 案填写在答题卡的相应位置。 Sammy Armstrong was driving to his office when he _61 (notice)a car was stuck on railroad tracks, Then he heard a train whistle. Sammy threw down his sunglasses and keys and ran toward the car.62 elderly man, Jean Papich , eight-four, sat in the driver-s seat, _63 (turn) the key and hitting the gas. His wife, Marion, seventy-eight, was looking _64 (nervous) at him. Then Sammy walked _65 the car and pushed it forward, but his boots slipped on the warm asphalt(沥青). He could see the train approaching fast. It might be _66 (easy) to push the car backward, Sammy thought. He ran around to the front of the vehicle and shouted at Jean _67 (put) the car in neutral(空挡).Sammy could feel the ground trembling under his feet. He put his boots against the track and pushed forcefully. Finally, the car rolled off the tracks. When Sammy looked up, the train was just a couple of _68 (foot) away. Sammy, shocked and _69 (speech), went back to work as crowd gathered at the scene. Weeks later, Marion called to thank Sammy. He responded, "I just did _70 I had to

do.” 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改短文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 For students learning instruments, summer is always a ¨ music season". During vacation times, we are always busy attending variously lessons, taking exams and participating in competitions. This summer I joined a music competition but was lucky to get the second place. It was the first time that I had played on the stage in front of such many people. I felt very upset at first, but the encourage from my teacher keeps me going ahead. Surprising,1 was given the silver medal, that increased my confidence. If we try our best to get ahead, we will be able to achieve what we desire and deserve it. 第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你的美国朋友 Peter 近期打算来中国,他对中国的乡村生活很感兴趣。 你打算邀请他去体验一下你家乡的“农家乐” 。请用英文写封信向他推荐,要点如下: 1. “农家乐”兴起的原因; 2. “农家乐”的服务特色。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.参考词汇:农家乐 agritainment Dear Peter,

Yours. Li Hua


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