益阳市一中 2016 届高三上学期期中考试
英 语 试 题
时量：120 分钟 总分：150 分 命题人：高三外语备课组 作答要求： 1．请考生认真检查试卷和答题卡有无缺印、漏印、重印等问题，如有问题，请举手提出 更换要求； 2．请在试卷和答题卡指定位置规范填涂考生信息； 3．所有答案必须全部填涂和填写到答题卡上，凡是答在试卷上的答案一律无效。 本
试卷分第 I 卷和第 II 卷两部分
第I卷 听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题，每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Why does the woman refuse the invitation for tonight? A. She doesn't like the man. B. She has another appointment. C. She is too busy with her work. 2. What does the man think of classical music? A. He does not like it at all. B. He prefers it to other music. C. He enjoys it at bedtime. 3. What did the two girls do yesterday? A. They went to the English Evening. B. They went to meet Jeff. C. They became friends at the English Evening. 4. What time is it now? A. 9:00. B. 9:10. C.9:40.
5. What do we know about the man? A. He saw off his father at the airport yesterday.
B. He was late for class yesterday morning. C. He went to meet his cousin yesterday morning. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听 第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. When they surf the Web. B. What they do on the Internet. C. How they look up information online. 7. How often does the man probably surf the Internet? A. Once a week. 8. What do we know about the man? A. He gets some help from the Web. B. He shows no interest in the Internet. C. He has never sent email. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Where does this conversation take place? A. On a train. 10. What did the man do? A. He hurt the woman. B. He helped the woman carry the bags. C. He made the woman drop the bags to the ground. 11. What is the woman like? A. She is kind. B. She is rude. C. She is proud. B. Near a bus stop. C. In a department store. B. Twice a week. C. Several times a week.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. Where does this conversation take place? A. In a restaurant. B. In a hospital. C. At the office.
13. When does the woman get a pain in stomach?
A. About an hour after she has eaten. B. About an hour before she has eaten. C. Just when she begins to eat. 14. What can you conclude about the woman's husband from this conversation? A. He eats very quickly. B. He doesn't eat as quickly as his wife. C. He sometimes eats more slowly than his wife. 听第 9 段材 料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Where did the two speakers go for dinner? A. To McDonald's. 16. Why didn't they eat at home? A. Because Jill's mother was not in the house. B. Because Jill's father wanted to eat fried chicken. C. Because Jill was tired of her father's cooking. 17. What did Jill want for her dinner? A. Hamburger, salad, coffee and chicken. B. Hamburger, salad, Coke , and ice cream. C. Hamburger, vegetables and coffee. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What do we know about Manhattan Island? A. It used to be a small country. B. It was controlled by the Dutch before 1609. C. Only Indians lived there before 1609. 19. Why did Henry Hudson go to Manhattan Island? A. He wanted to trade with the Indians. B. He hoped to find a shorter way to the Far East. C. He wanted to find more land for his country. 20. How did the Indians react to Henry Hudson's arrival? A. They captured him. B. They didn't allow him to land.
[来源:学&科&网 Z&X&X&K] [来源:学&科&网]
B. To KFC.
C. To a Chinese restaurant.
C. They were friendly to him.
阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A Come on! Save your money in the Save Money, which is a special bank account intended for teenagers to help them better manage their money. The Save Money is a transaction(交易) account where you receive a special card so you can get your money 24 hours a day, 7 days a week! It?s a service with best features for teenagers： ● Excellent interest rates ! You want your money to grow. The Save Money has a good rate of interest which gets even better if you make at least two deposits (储蓄) without taking them out in a month. ● Convenient Teenagers are busy—we get that. You may never need to come to a bank at all. With the Save Money you can bank from home using the phone and the Internet. You can have money directly deposited into your Save Money account. This could be your pocket money or your pay from your part-time job! ● No account keeping fees! You?re no millionaire so we don?t expect you to pay large fees. In fact, there are no account keeping or transaction fees! ● Free magazine included Along with your regular report, you will receive a free magazine full of good ideas to make even more of your money. There are also fantastic offers and competitions only for the Save Money members. The Save Money is a great choice for teenagers. And it is so easy to join. Simply fill in an application form. You will have to get permission from your parents. We can?t wait to hear from you. 21. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the Save Money ? A. The bank opens everyday. B. Special gifts are ready for parents. C. Services are convenient for its members. D. The account keeping is free of charge. 22. The Save Money provides magazines which _____? A. help to make more of your money B. encourage spending C. are full of adventure stories D. are free to all teenagers 23. What is the purpose of the passage ? A. To organize key-cards B. To provide part-time jobs C. To introduce a new banking service D. To set up a club B The housewives are the ones who remain at home after children leave for school and their
husbands go to the office. After their departure, they begin to do the same activities that have become a routine in their daily lives. They are so preoccupied about doing all the things they have to do in the house that they forget about the mere fact they are lonely in the house. Therefore, they are surrounded by plates and clothes to wash or different products to prepare something to eat for the family. Then, they have to iron, to arrange clothes in the wardrobe, and clean the dust. All these ways to and from the kitchen are so numerous during one day, but they don?t even realize it. The consequence is that housewives don?t have enough time for themselves. They just look in the mirror while passing in a hurry in front of this; they don?t have time to relax and read a magazine, watch TV or go and visit a friend. The only thing housewives know to do is to have the food prepared for the family, to have the entire house cleaned, and to do all this over and over again. And the worst thing is the following: their husbands do not offer them some moments of relaxation and go out somewhere, because they say they are tired after a long day at the office. And they have to accept it because all that her husbands do is for the better of the family. Anyway, lately, this attitude housewives have, will completely change. They will realize that they have been doing useless things and that they will leave nothing behind them after their death. They will try to revenge at some extent, doing things that they have never done until then, just in the need to feel something different is taking place in their lives. 24. What do the housewives usually do after their husbands and children leave home? A. Relax themselves . B. Take part in activities. C. Dress themselves up. D. Do the housework. 25. It seems that the housewives don?t feel lonely at home probably because they _________ A. enjoy many interesting activities B. are too busy doing something C. can do anything they like best D. keep in close touch with their friends 26. The housewives begin to realize that what they do at home is __________ A. necessary B. difficult C. meaningless D. important 27. What would be the best title for this passage? A. What Do the Housewives Do at Home? B. Why Do the Housewives Feel Lonely? C. When Can the Housewives Set Themselves Free? D. Why Don?t the Husbands Understand Their Wives? C Do you often pay attention to some idioms? Some problems are difficult to solve! But there are a lot of number expressions that can help. For example, if we put two and two together, we might come up with the right answer. We know that two heads are better than one. It is always better to work with another person to solve a problem. Some problems have only one solution. You cannot be two minds over this. But with any luck, we can solve the problem in two shakes of a lamb?s tail. In other words, we could have our answers quickly and easily. Sometimes we can kill two birds with one stone. That is, we can complete two goals with only
one effort or action. But we must remember that two wrongs don't make a right. If someone does something bad to you, you should not do the same to him. If you are going out with your girlfriend, or boyfriend, you do not want another friend to go along on your date. You can just say to your friend: two's company, three's a crowd. A young child in school has to learn the three Rs. These important skills are reading, writing and arithmetic. These three words do not all start with the letter R, but they have the sound of R. Teachers will give three cheers when their pupils do a good job. Some of my friends were confused and did not understand their schoolwork. They were at sixes and sevens. In fact, they did not care whether they could finish high school. They saw little difference between the two choices. But they were really happy when they completed their studies and graduated from high school. They were in seventh heaven. They were on cloud nine. Nine times out of ten students who do well in school find good jobs. Some work in an office doing the same things every day at nine-to-five jobs. You do not have to dress to the nines, or wear your best clothes, for this kind of work. 28. If you solve a problem without any difficulty, you can also say that you can do it ________. A. in seventh heaven B. on cloud nine C. in two shakes of a lamb's tail D. at sixes and sevens 29. When Tom wins first place in the game, we can congratulate him by saying “_________”according to the passage. A. dress up to the nines B.put two birds with one stone C.kill two birds with one stone D. give three cheers 30. Which of the following has the similar meaning to “in all probability”? A. Nine times out of ten. B.Two's company, three's crowd. C.Two wrongs don't make a right. D. Two heads are better than one. 31. What is the best title of the passage? A. Use Numbers B. Number Stories C. Interesting Number Expressions D. The Importance of Numbers D Human beings are familiar with the elephant. But a recent study of ancient and modern elephants has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct species. The discovery was made by researchers at York and Harvard Universities when they were examining the genetic relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastodon to modern elephants—the Asian elephant, African forest elephant, and African savanna elephant. Once they obtained DNA sequences (序列)from two fossils , mammoths and mastodons, the
team compared them with DNA from modern elephants. They found to their amazement that modern forest and savanna elephants are as distinct from each other as Asian elephants and mammoths. The scientists used detailed genetic analysis to prove that the African savanna elephant and the African forest elephant have been distinct species for several million years. The divergence of the two species took place around the time of the divergence of Asian elephants and woolly mammoths. This result amazed all the scientists. There has long been debate in the scientific community that the two might be separate species, but this is the most convincing scientific evidence so far that they are indeed different species. Previously, many naturalists believed that African savanna elephants and African forest elephants were two populations of the same species, despite the elephants' significant size differences. The savanna elephant has an average shoulder height of 3.5 metres while the forest elephant has an average shoulder height of 2.5 metres. The savanna elephant weighs between six and s even tons, roughly double the weight of the for est elephant. But the fact that they look so different does not necessarily mean they are different species. However the proof lay in the analysis of the DNA. Alfred Roca, assistant professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at the University of Illinois, said, “We now have to treat the forest and savanna elephants as two different units for conservation purposes. Since 1950, all African elephants have been conserved as one species. Now that we know the forest and savanna elephants are two very distinctive animals, the forest elephant should become a bigger priority (优先) for conservation purposes.” 32．One of the fossils studied by the researchers is that of ________ A. the Asian elephant B. the forest elephant C. the savanna elephant D. the mastodon elephant 33．The underlined word “divergence”in Paragraph 4 means “________ ”． A.evolution B.exhibition C.separation D.examination 34．The researchers' conclusion was based on a study of the African elephant's ________. A.DNA B.height C.weight D.population
35．What are Alfred Roca's words mainly about? A .The conservation of African elephants. B.The purpose of studying African elephants. C.The way to divide African elephants into two units. D.The reason for the distinction of African elephants. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。
Culture Shock Culture shock refers to the anxiety and feelings (of surprise, uncertainty, confusion, etc.) felt when people have to operate within a different and unknown cultural or social environment, such as a foreign country. Generally speaking, we could say that there are four stages of culture shock. The first stage is called “the honeymoon”.In this stage, you are excited about living in a different place. 36.______________ The next stage is “the hostility(敌意)stage”. In this stage, you begin to notice not everything is as good as you originally thought it was. 37.____________ Moreover, people don?t treat you like a guest anymore. Then you come to the third stage called “recovery”. In this stage, you start to feel more positive.38.______________The whole situation starts to become more favorable and you begin to learn to adapt yourself to it. The last stage of culture shock is called “adjustment”. In this stage, you have reached a point where you actually feel good.39._______________ The things that originally made you feel uncomfortable or strange are now things that you understand. Now you have adjusted to the new culture and you feel comfortable. Not all individuals visiting another country will experience all these four stages. 40._____________ It also occurs within cultures as individuals move from place to place or from one setting to another (e.g., from high school to college). A. You have learned enough to understand the new culture. B. You begin to understand you need to travel a lot. C. And everything seems to be marvelous and everybody seems to be so nice to you. D.You feel that friends should help each other to deal with culture shock. E. And you try to develop comprehension of everything you don?t understand F. In addition, culture shock is not limited to the overseas visitor. G. You become tired of many things about the new culture.
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） Do you still remember your first date? What is it like? My parents? first date was planned much like a military maneuver(演习). Uncle Wally worked with my dad at a gas station near Revere Beach. Mum, who 41 that summer, and her friend, Mary, walked to the beach so 42 my mother. Since Wally was the 44 The four 46 47 protested 48 always too busy to care about anything else, saw them. Immediately, both Wally and Dad 43 of the two, he arranged a double date, but he made 45 clear right away that he?d be my mom?s date; Wally was Mary?s escort(护送者). for a movie, but Dad drove because Wally didn?t own a car. That made a big that my mom was his date. Dad wouldn?t take no for an answer. 49 50 at Elizabeth?s house with a note 51 Wally . When the evening was over, Dad drove his date home; then he drove Wally home. Wally 21 that Dad and Wally, who were
went, muttering(嘟囔) with anger. The next day Dad “Wally says ?it?s OK
with him if it?s OK with you for you to go out with me?.” He looked for her 53 played around her lips as she54 years my father wrote poems for her that he 55 birthday one year he wrote about 56
. I imagine
her response—she was that kind of woman. Over the with his own watercolor designs. For her 57 he loved her on the back of a piece of birch bark(白桦 thing to say. Only once did he make the 59 , we never had gravy after that.
树皮). They were traveling in Alaska at that time. He often stopped the car to wildflowers for her and usually knew the 58 of telling her she made terrible gravy(一种肉汁). 60
Mum and Dad were married six days before Valentine?s Day in 1939. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. A.turned A. beautiful A.took in A .braver A. that A.went out A.distance A. happily A. In A.brought up A. said A.action A. a cry A. nodded A. equipped A. how much A. donate A. correct A. mistake A. Instead B. got B.little B. took to B.weaker B.which B. brought out B. adaptation B. readily B. Out B. picked up B. writing B.response B.a smile B. nodding B .furnished B.how many B. raise B. right B.point B.However C. grew C.frequently C. took up C. stronger C. what C.took out C.difference C. excitedly C.Up C.gathered up C. written C.behavior C.a sob C. shook C decorated C. how long C. catch C. wrong C. excuse C.As a consequence D. became D. hurriedly D.took down D. heavier D.it D.put out D.result D.angrily D.Down D.showed up D.saying D.movement D.a sigh D.shaking D.applied D.how often D.pick D. mistaken D. story D. In contrast
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 One day I went to a local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment 61.________ (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me 62.________ the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man 63.________ (sit) at the front. He 64.________ (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be 65.________ (mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to 66.________he was trying to talk, but after some minutes 67.________ walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. I didn't want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn't like leaving him 68.________ his own either.
After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had 69.________ amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I'm glad I made the choice. It made 70.________ of us feel good.
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^）并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I just come back from Britain last week.I was luckily enough to be one of the student from different countries to visit the UK from Feb.16 to 28.We paid a visit to many places,like London,Oxford or the Lake District. I learned much about British culture and history in London, where was my favorite.I also liked Oxford, in which I saw much more old buildings.The Lake District was beautiful,but it was 错误！未找到引用源。pity that it rained heavily when they were there.The most excited thing for me in the Britain was that I made a lot of friends there.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假如你是李华。上周，你班举行班会，主题为： “父母有没有必要陪读？” 请你根据下表所列情况给校长写一封信，客观地介绍讨论的情况，以及你的看法。 70%的同学认为： 父母不应该陪读。 弊端：...... 30%的同学认为： 父母应该陪读。 益处：......
词数 100 左右。 Dear headmaster, I?m writing to tell you about the discussion we had last week at our class meeting about ...... Yours Li Hua 益阳市一中 2016 届上学期期中英语试卷参考答案 听力：每小题 1.5 分 满分 30 分 1-5 BAABC 6-8 BCA 9-11 BCA 12-14 BAB 15-17ACB 18 -20 CBC 阅读理解（每小题 2 分，共 30 分）
21-23 BAC 24-27 DBCB 28－31 CDAC 32-35 DCAA 七选五: （每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 36-40 ECBDG 完形填空: （每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 41-45 ACBAD 46-50 ACDBD 51-55 DBBAC 56-60 ADBAC 语法填空:（每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 61.later ; 62. till/until 63. sitting/sit; 66.whom 67.they 68.on
64. was pretending 69. an
改错:（每小题 1 分，共 10 分） I just back from Britain last week.I was enough to be one of the from
different countries to visit the UK from Feb.16 to 28.We paid a visit to many places,like London,Oxford the Lake District.I learned much about British culture and history in
was my favorite.I also liked Oxford,in which I saw
more old buildings.The
Lake District was beautiful,but it was
pity that it rained heavily when
were there.The most
thing for me in the Britain was that I made a lot of friends there.
One possible version Dear headmaster,, I?m writing to tell you about the discussion we had last week at our class meeting about whether our parents should accompany us studying at school. We do have different opinions on this matter. Most of us (about 70%)think our parents should not accompany us studying at school since it make us fall into the habit of dependence, so that we won?t form the good habit of studying. What?s more, it is harmful for us to form the habit of controlling ourselves. At the same time it affects our parents? work, studies and rest. While about 30%of my classmates think it necessary for our parents to accompany us studying at school. Accompanying us studying at school can let us have more time to spare for our studies. Besides, we shall be more healthy for their cooking. On the other hand our parents can help us set up our aim, urge us to finish our task, encourage us to overcome difficulties and get us into the good habit of studying. In my opinion, it would be a better way for parents not to accompany us students to improve our abilities of being independent .We are able to grow up by ourselves.
【听力材料及答案】 (Text 1) M: When can we expect you for dinner? Can you come tonight? W: Not tonight. I promised to go to a concert with my sister. M: Well....How about Friday then? W: That sounds fine. (Text 2) M: What kind of music do you like? W: I like classical music. Do you? M: Well, you see, classical music always sends me to sleep. (Text 3) M: Hi! Weren't you two at the English Evening yesterday? W: Yes. How did you like it? M: I thought it was great! I'm Jeff. What are your names? W: I'm Allison and this is Melissa. M: Nice to meet both of you. (Text 4) W: Can you take me to the Fairyland Railway Station quickly? I'm afraid I won't be in time for my train to Manchester. M: I'll try. But the traffic is so heavy; it will take at least 15 minutes. W: OK. In that case I'll still have another 15 minutes left for my nine forty train. (Text 5) W: How came you were absent from class yesterday morning, Henry? M: I'm sorry, Madam. My cousin was coming home from England, and I had to go to the airport with my father to meet him. W: Better ask for permission next time. (Text 6) W: Tell me, Jack. Do you look through the Web much? M: Well, to tell the truth, I'm so busy with my work. I don't really have much time to surf the Web. Let me think...I suppose I log on a couple of times a week, for about two or three hours at a time. W: So, what do you do on the Internet when you log on? M: Well, sometimes I look up information I need for my job. It saves a lot of time looking through books in the library. W: Yes, it sure does. (Text 7) W: Oh, dear! M: I'm sorry. I do hope I haven't hurt you. W: Oh, no. I was just a little startled. That's all right. It's quite all right. M: But it isn't all right. I made you drop your shopping bags. Let me pick these bags up. W: You must have been in a great hurry. Never mind.
M: I was only going to catch the bus. I'm afraid I wasn't looking where I was going. I hope nothing was destroyed. W: Oh, no. Thank you very much. M: I do apologize. W: Don't worry about it. There is no need to apologize. Look! Here comes the bus. You'll catch it if you run. M: Oh, so I shall. (Text 8) M: Hello, Ms Thomas. What can I do for you? W: Well, I've been having bad stomach pains lately, doctor. M: Oh, I'm sorry to hear that. How long have you been having them? W: Just in the last few weeks. I get a very sharp pain about an hour after having meals. M: I see. Do you get this after every meal? W: Let me think. No, it's usually in the afternoon, after lunch. M: Well, what do you have for lunch? W: Oh, I mostly just have a quick hamburger and rush back to the office. We're very busy at the moment. M: Well, I don't think it's a serious thing. Maybe you eat too quickly. It's bad for your health. W: My husband is always telling me that. M: Anyway, I'll give you something for it and see what happens. Take the medicine three times a day. W: After meals or before? M: After eating. W: Thank you, doctor. M: You're welcome. (Text 9) W: Dad, what will we have for dinner? M: I don't know. Maybe fried fish, chicken soup and... W: Oh, no, I'm tired of such things now. M: I'm sorry. But that is the only thing I can cook. What do you want to have then? W: I do wish Mom were at home. Why don't we go and eat out for a change? M: Oh, that's a good idea. I like Kentucky fried chicken very much. W: Dad, you always talk about fried chicken. Let's have something different. I'd like to go to McDonald's this time. M: OK then. You'll drive, won't you? W: No, I'm a bit tired today. You should drive. M: OK, OK. I always do things like that. I hope your Mom will be back soon. Ah here we are. W: Dad, what would you like to have? I'd like a hamburger. M: I want one, too. And some French fries, Jill? W: Please buy me some salad instead. And a glass of Coke. OK? M: Hamburger, salad, and a glass of Coke. Is that all for you, Jill? W: Right, and give me an ice cream, too. I'll go and find the seats. M: And I'll get some vegetables for myself, and a coffee...
(Text 10) Many years ago, Manhattan Island, which is a part of the great city of New York, was covered with forest. Along its shores were small Indian villages. In fact, Indians were the only people on the island until 1609. In the spring of that year, Henry Hudson, a famous sea captain, arrived there. He was trying to find a short way to the Far East for Dutch traders. His ship was very small. It was only about the size of one of the lifeboats you see on modern ocean liners today. Of course, Henry Hudson did not find a shorter way to the Far East. Instead he reached the shores of North America. He came to the mouth of the large waterway now called the Hudson River. As he came near to the shore, he saw an Indian village. The Indians seemed friendly. They even came out to meet the ship and offered their furs to the Dutch sailor in exchange for glass beads and other small things. When Henry Hudson returned to Holland, he showed everyone the fine furs. He told of the rich soil, and the streams filled with fish. Later Dutch traders began to send many ships to the rich new world across the sea.