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2012华约


1. 杜甫《旅夜书怀》的前四句是:细草微风岸,桅樯独夜舟。 A.穷年忧黎元,叹息肠内热。 C.星垂平野阔,月涌大江流。 B.飘飘何所以,天地一沙鸥。 D.山随平野尽,江入大荒流。 。 B.“春来江水绿如蓝” D.“雾失楼兮,月迷津度” 。



2. 下面表达中,哪一种体现了意象的虚伪性特征? A.“燕山雪花大如席” C.“半江瑟瑟半江红



3. 原始舞蹈和原始绘画中所表现的 A.只有原始宗教的观念 C.已有审美意识的反映

B.只是物质匮乏和技术落后的形象化体现 D.只是闲来无事的涂鸦 。 D.对立联想 。 D.《楚辞》

4. 阿 Q 头上有疤,而忌讳“亮”、“光”,这属于 A.相似联想 B.接近联想 C.对比联想

5. 中国古代文论中的“兴”,它被提出来主要用于阐释 A.《诗经》 B.《乐府》 。

C.《古诗十九首》

6. 孙子曰:凡用兵之法,全国为上,破国次之;全军为上,破军次之。(《孙子兵法?谋次》)与“全国 为上”的“全”用法不同的一项是 A.全军为上,破军次之 C.故今墓中全乎为王人也

B.故兵不顿而利可全 D.毁人之国而非久也,必以全争天下 。 D.渔夫樵父

7. 杜牧在《阿房宫赋》里描写秦人的奢华、浮靡时有这样几句话:“鼎铛玉石,金块珠砾,弃之逦迤,秦 人视之,亦不甚惜。”下列与“金块珠砾”结构完全相同的一项是 A.金玉良言 义是 。 B.一年,四季 D.年龄 。 D.司汤达 。 B.蓬户瓮牖 C.翁牖绳枢

8. 孟尝君曰:“先生老矣,春秋高矣,何以教之?”(汉?刘向《新序?杂事第五》)句中的“春秋”一词的含

A.我国古代编年体的史书名 C.我国历史上的一个时代

9. 在下列作家中,将丑作为重要表现对象的浪漫主义作家是 A.巴尔扎克 B.雨果 C.左拉

10.有的艺术家喜欢表现小草,有的艺术家则喜欢表现大海,这说明了知觉的 A.想象作用 B.意向作用 C.选择作用 。 D.完形作用

11.下列各句中,没有语病、句意明确的一句是

A.每每念及那个曾经让我梦寐以求的愿望,我的心里总是忐忑不安。 B.他有一种无形的精神力量的尊严,世俗的权势和财富的力量在它面前低头弯腰。 C.站在一座寸草不生的土山上,似乎他出神地想着什么。 D.在绵密的细雨中,透析出从未有过的、令人陶醉的幽香。 12.下列《荷塘月色》中的几句,哪一句运用了通感这一修辞手法? 。

A.“叶子底下是脉脉的流水,遮住了,不能见一些颜色;而叶子却更见风致了。” B.“叶子和花仿佛在牛乳中洗过一样;又像笼着轻纱的梦。” C.“弯弯的杨柳的稀疏的倩影,像是画在荷花上。” D.“塘中的月色并不均匀;但光与影有着和谐的旋律,如梵婀玲上奏着的名曲。” 13.说“喜剧将那无价值的撕破给人看”的人是 A.郭沫若 B.朱光潜 。 D.徐志摩 。

C.鲁迅

14.科学家说:“虽然地外生命形式看起来也许不像银幕上的外星人,但他们存在于地球之外的可能性却是 千真万确的。”下列对科学家所说理解不恰当的一项是

A.地球之外的星球有生命存在的可能性是不容置疑的。 B.地外生命的形态看上去有可能与银幕上的外星人类似。

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C.地外生命与银幕上的外星人相比,只是生命形式也许不同于银幕上的外星人。 D.地外生命有千真万确存在的可能性,只是生命形式也许不同于银幕上的外星人。 15.“人类文明的健康发展必然要伴随着不断的启蒙。然而,事情却并非如此简单。因为在 20 世纪,先是 有人宣判启蒙思想因其资产阶级属性而告别启蒙。这就使启蒙是否需要成为一个必须回答的问题。那么, 启蒙是否需要?就今日中国现实而言,启蒙无疑是一个迫切的任务。就中国历史而言,它是一个没有完成 就被打断的历史任务。五四新文化运动的启蒙精神虽然长期被湮没和遗忘,但这并不证明中国不需要启蒙。 现代化的种种挫折都在提醒着我们:在现代化进程中,启蒙的任务是不可逾越的。因为人的解放这一目标 没有什么东西可以将其超越,只要这一目标还没有实现,历史就必须进行补课。”根据这段表述,下列对“补 课”这一概念的理解,准确的一项是 。

A.知识分子教育民众放弃激进主义,超越并冲破传统模式。 B.在人的解放这一目标还没有实现时,知识分子必须冲破传统的思想模式。 C.重新树立五四新文化运动的精神,进行持久的、全面的、认真的启蒙。 D.铲除专制主义和蒙昧主义,致力于维护自然演进的秩序。 16.下列名句中的空缺,正确的是: A.小楼一夜听春雨 C.读书本意在元元 ,绝知此事要躬行。(陆游《冬夜读书示子聿》) B.位卑未敢忘忧国 D.纸上得来终觉浅 。

17.在以下名句中,哪种表现出“无我之境”?

A.“感时花溅泪,恨别鸟惊心。”(杜甫《春望》) B.“欲穷千里目,更上一层楼。”(王之涣《登鹳雀楼》) C.“采菊东篱下,悠然见南山。”(陶渊明《饮酒》) D.“仰观宇宙之大,俯察品类之盛。”(王羲之《兰亭集序》) 18.以下中国乐曲,不出自阿炳的作品是 A.《二泉映月》 B.《听松》 。 C.《寒春风曲》 D.《十面埋伏》 。 D.欣赏态度

19.林黛玉从贾宝玉送的手帕中悟出一种深情,属 A.实用态度 B.认知态度 C.审美态度 。 C.韩愈

20.使“文以载道”说得到完善的是 A.孔子 B.孟子

D.柳宗元 。

21.宋代画家文与可画竹时“胸有成竹”,这个“成竹”指的是 A.自然中的竹子 C.观众的审美的意象 B.画家的审美意象 D.艺术品的现实形态 。

22.“亦雁荡具体而微者”着一文言句子的句式属于 A.判断句 B.被动句

C.定语后置句 。

D 介宾结构后置

23.“夫金玉珍宝,谷帛财货,人之所聚,岂天之所与?若盗之而获罪,孰怨哉?”(《列子?天瑞》)与“岂 天之所与?”中的“与”字含义相同的一句是 A.玉斗一双,欲与亚父 C.朝过夕改,君子与之

B.刘备天下枭雄,与操有隙 D.与赢而不助五国也 。 莫泊桑—《项链》—玛蒂尔德

24.下列作作品及作品中的人物对应全部都正确的一组是 A.王实甫—《牡丹亭》—杜丽娘; B.矛盾—《春蚕》—老通宝;

契诃夫—《装在套子里的人》—奥楚蔑洛夫 鲁迅—《祝福》—康大叔 。

C.周立波—《暴风骤雨》—老孙头; 高尔基—《母亲》—尼洛芙娜 D.吴敬梓—《儒林外史》—范进;

25.鲁迅的小说《狂人日记》影响很大,这影响最主要体现在哪个方面? A.道德教育 B.社会干预 。 C.审美 D.思想启迪

26.下列成语没有错别字的一组是

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A.一劳永逸 B.为虎作伥 C.喧宾夺主 D.风声鹤唳

川流不息 金玉良言 按步就班 潜移默化

相形见拙 甘之如怡 匪夷所思 党同伐异

东鳞西爪 闲庭信步 崎路亡羊 方兴未艾

27.从前的教科书上说,吐鲁番的葡萄哈密的瓜,伊犁的苹果顶呱呱,那已是早为人知的事实,如今的伊 犁又是另一番景象。□□说伊犁的文化风情别具一格,物产丰富,不是江南胜江南,□说如今首府的建设就 让人赞叹不已。 填入空格处最恰当的一项是 A.不仅 就 B.就算 。 只 C.且不 单 D.并非 且 。

28.古希腊的神话和悲剧一般认为人生的悲哀和痛苦是一种不可逃避的 A.性格 B.命运 C.矛盾 D.悲剧 上。

29.人的心理气质和精神面貌最集中地体现在 A.风趣与情操

B.身体与外观 C.言辞与谈吐 D.知识水平 。 B.美是漫无边际的 D.美有其客观的属性 score.

30.“如果不是月亮、太阳和星星真的照耀着天空,我们决不会被灿烂的朝霞、宁静的落日或者闪烁着光辉 的神秘的夜所激动。”这一质问最能说明 A.美是相对的 C.美是自相矛盾的

31.The score that a student obtains before any adjustment and transformation is called the A.bare B.raw C.primitive D.crude the actors and actresses.

32.The play is so intriguing that the audience quickly identified A.by B.for C.with D.on

33.When the chief executive officer was invited to play the piano at the end of the concert, she performed a piece without A.inspection . C.manipulation D.rehearsal money no longer makes much difference to him. D.where

B.investigation

34.The multi-millionaire has reached the point A.that 35.Helen B.which C.when

her former classmate when she was on the train bound for Germany. B.hit on C.bumped against D.rushed at the students? interest in science and technology. C.risen D.aroused in the lake and became intoxicated in his good

A.ran into

36.A series of lectures have A.arisen B.enforced

37.The story goes that Narcissus saw his handsome image. A.reflection B.identity C.impression

D.projection

38.The jury eventually reached a(n) A.ignorant B.pure

verdict on the basis of law and witnesses? testimony. C.secure D.legitimate was

During Washington?s presidency, many important things happened. The first national 39 completed. The total number of U.S. citizens was then 3,929,214. 40

, the Bill of Rights became law 41

on December 15,1791. These ten laws make sure that Americans will have basic freedoms, freedom of speech and freedom of religion.

Washington helped to shape the beginning of the United States in three important ways. First, he commanded the Continental Army that won he man 43 44 42 from Great Britain in the Revolutionary War. Second,

as president of the convention that wrote the United States Constitution. Third, he was the first president of the United States.

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No other American has been honored

45

than Washington. The nation?s

46

, Washington,

D.C., was named for him. The state of Washington is the only state that was named for a president. Many counties, towns, cities, streets, bridges, lakes, parks, and schools have his name today. Washington?s portrait appears on postage stamps, on the one-dollar bill, and on the quarter. His birthday is also a holiday. The people of his day loved Washington very much, His army officers wanted to make him king, but he did not let them. From the time of the Revolution War, his birthday country. 39.A.census 40.A.After all B.prospecting B.As a result B.such as B.secession B.knew B.erected B.rather B.capital B.municipal B.was C.counting C.First of all C.despite D.accounting D.In addition D.besides 48 celebrated throughout the 47

41.A.for instance 42.A.withdrawal 43.A.became 44.A.devoted 45.A.more 46.A.council 47.A.local

C.independence D.reliance D.trained D.elected

C.served C.selected C.less C.region C.federal C.is

D.other D.area D.provincial

48.A.has been

D.had been

An expert suggested that certain criminals should be sent to prison in their own home. When the scheme was first put forward publicly, many people opposed it or hand serious reservations about it. One very experienced social worker opposed the scheme in a television interview. When asked to explain the basis for his opposition, he thought for a moment and finally confessed, ?Well, I guess, because it?s new. That?s my only reason.? Advocates of the scheme pointed out that courts frequently sentenced first offenders to community service of some kind rather than send them to prison. The stigma of having a criminal record was an adequate deterrent, and nothing positive was achieved by sending some types of convicted people to prison. Some critics rushed to take extreme cases. ?If a murderer is allowed free in the community like this, what is to prevent him from killing somebody else?? This argument ignored the fact that nobody proposed to allow convicted murderers to use the bracelet system. One criticism put forward was that an offender could take off his bracelet and leave it at home or give it to a friend to wear while he himself wet off to commit another crime. The reply to this was that the bracelet would be made so that the computer would immediately detect any attempts to take it off or tamper with it. A more serious objection to the scheme was that the harsh life of prison was intended to be part of the deterrent to crime. A prisoner who was allowed to live at home would suffer no particular discomfort and thus not be deterred from repeating his crime. No immediate action was taken on the proposal. It was far too revolutionary and needed to be examined very carefully. However, the idea was not rejected. Several governments appointed experts to investigate the scheme and make recommendations for or against it. 49.People?s opinions are divided on the suggestion that A.some criminals shoud serve their terms at home B.social workers can express themselves on TV C. first offenders should be sentenced to community service .

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D. old offenders should be imprisoned 50.A social worker opposed the proposal for the reason that A.it is unique B.it is creative C.it is novel . .

D.it is out-of-date

51.We can learn from the passage that the “bracelet” is supposed to A. keep the track of the offenders B. detect the offender?s attempt of murder C. be worn for decoration D. be worn by offenders? friends occasionally 52.The supporters of the scheme will probably agree that ______.

A.the hard life of prison may prevent some people from repeating a crime B.the life at home is too comfortable for the prisoners C.high-technology should be deterrent to crime D.imprisonment will not achieve much to some offenders 53.The prospect fo the advice is that _______. A.it will be put into practice immediately B.it will be declined by the government C.it will be further carefully looked into D.it will be confirmed by appointed experts

Dr Adams was tired and suffering from jet lag. His temper was not improved when he was told, on arriving more than three hours late at New Delhi, that his plane to Colmbo had already gone and that there would not be another until the next day. The airline staff were very sympathetic and assured him that they had already booked him into the best hotel in the city, to which the airline bus would take him straight away. In the meantime. They hoped that Dr Adams would take the opportunity of seeing something of their historic city. The only things Dr Adams felt he needed at that point were a bath, a change of clothes, a good breakfast and then a long sleep. The hotel was luxurious and very cool and comfortable. After he had eaten he pulled down the blinds to shut out5 the glaring Indian sun and then slept for most of the day. About 6.30 p.m. he dr4essed and went down to the hotel bar, where he got into conversation with another delegate to the Conference who came from Zambia and who would be traveling with him on the Colombo plane the next morning. They decided to dine together and explore some of the sights and sounds of India at night. The journey to Colombo was completed without mishap and Dr Adams and his companion were met at the airport by the Conference Secretary, Mr. Mahaveli, who had been informed of their impending arrival by the airline. Mr. Mahaveli took them to their hotel, where many other delegates were already installed, and made sure that they had the programme for the opening session. On the morning of the second day of the Conference, Dr Adams read his paper, which was received with much interest. He was asked many questions by delegates in whose countries many of the problems he had discussed were commonly found. During the five days of the Conference he had opportunities to talk to agriculture experts from Jamaica, Kenya, Tanzania, India, Gambia, Australia and Nigeria and he also met some old friends who had previously been students at the Commonwealth School. He heard from many of them how they were putting all that they had learned to good use and of the problems they were trying to overcome in their own countries.

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On his flight home Dr Adams could not help reflecting that the Conference had proved how valuable the sharing of information and experiences could be, as an example of true cooperation between the develope3d and the developing world.

54.Which of the following statements of is NOT true of Dr. Adams? ________. A.He was angry about his late arrival at New Delhi. B.He was due to arrive in New Delhi late at night. C.After dinner, he went out into the streets of New Delhi. D.He found long journeys exhausting and tiresome. 55.All the delegates to the conference were _______. A.students of the Commonwealth School C.from African countries B.from the developing countries

D.agricultural specialists

56.The phrase “without mishap” in Paragraph 3 most probably means “_______”. A.on the safe side C.sage and sound B.importance of conferences D.at ease B.importance of conferences

57.The last paragraph of the passage was mainly concerned with ________. A.Dr. Adams? opinion of the conference C.an example of a major operation D.Dr. Adam?s belief in friendship

58.The passage mainly tells the reader that __________. A.Dr. Adams was a keen sightseer C.Dr. Adams had a meaningful trip B.Dr. Adams was a well-read expert D.developing countries needed experts of all kinds

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