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Vantaa
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Vantaa
Vantaa – Vanda
— City —
Vantaan kaupunki
Vanda stad


Coat of arms


Location of Vantaa in Finland
Coordinates: 60°17′40″N 025°02′25″E? / ?60.29444°N 25.04028°E? / 60.29444; 25.04028Coordinates: 60°17′40″N 025°02′25″E? / ?60.29444°N 25.04028°E? / 60.29444; 25.04028
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Greater Helsinki
Charter 1351
City 1974
Government
- City manager Juhani Paajanen
Area (2010-01-01)[1]
- Total 240.36 km2 (92.8 sq mi)
- Land 238.38 km2 (92 sq mi)
- Water 1.98 km2 (0.8 sq mi)
Area rank 294th largest in Finland
Population (2010-03-31)[2]
- Total 198,351
- Density 832.08/km2 (2,155.1/sq mi)
Population rank 4th largest in Finland
Population by native language [3]
- Finnish 88.6% (official)
- Swedish 3% (official)
- Others 8.4%
Population by age [4]
- 0 to 14 18.5%
- 15 to 64 70.5%
- 65 or older 11.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19%
Unemployment rate 7.8%
Website www.vantaa.fi
Vantaa (Finnish pronunciation: [??ɑntɑ?]; Swedish: Vanda) is a city and municipality in Finland. Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo, and Kauniainen make up the Helsinki Metropolitan Area.

Vantaa, with its population of 198,351 (31 March 2010),[2] is the fourth most populated city of Finland. The biggest airport in Finland, the Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, is located there. It also hosts a science centre, Heureka.

Vantaa is notable as the birthplace of hockey star Valtteri Filppula and racing driver Mika H?kkinen.

In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. There are exhibitions with various themes on local history.

The city is bilingual, with a majority (88.6 %) being Finnish and minority (3%) Finland Swedish speakers. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Finland Swedish stand at 8.4% of the population.

Contents [hide]
1 Geography
1.1 Location
1.2 Subdivision
2 History
3 Climate
4 Demographics
5 Politics
5.1 Municipal council
6 International relations
6.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
7 Mayors
8 Economy
9 Culture
9.1 Music
10 See also
11 References
12 External links


[edit] Geography
[edit] Location
Vantaa encompasses 240.36 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.98 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.[1] Population density is 832.08 /km2 (2,155.1 /sq mi). It borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo to the west, Nurmij?rvi, Kerava and Tuusula to the north and Sipoo to the east.

[edit] Subdivision
Main article: Districts of Vantaa
Vantaa is divided into seven districts (Finnish: palvelualueet, Swedish: storomr?den): Myyrm?ki (Myrbacka), Tikkurila (Dickursby), Hakunila (H?kansb?le), Korso, Koivukyl? (Bj?rkby) and Aviapolis.

[edit] History
The name Vantaa was taken into use in 1972 when the municipality gained market town rights. The first record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonian Padise monastery. The municipality was formerly known as Helsingin maalaiskunta "Rural municipality of Helsinki". The rapids of river Vantaa were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa/Vanda and promoted to a market town (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda k?ping), and in 1974, finally renamed Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad "City of Vantaa".

On October 11, 2002, the city was shocked by the explosion of a bomb in the local Myyrmanni shopping centre, killing 7, including the bomber, a 19-year-old chemistry student from the Espoo-Vantaa Institute of Technology (see Myyrmanni bombing).

[edit] Climate



[edit] Demographics

The Tikkurila railway station is the busiest station in Vantaa.
The Helsinki-Vantaa Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Vantaa.Demographic evolution Year Population
1805 4 840
1865 6 974
1880 7 819
1890 8 865
1900 11 110
1910 18 321
1920 22 368
1930 23 558
1940 31 511
1950 14 976
1960 41 906
1970 72 215
1980 129 918
1990 152 263
2000 176 386
2007 190 058

[edit] Politics

Districts of Vantaa[edit] Municipal council
Composition of the City Council (2009–2012) Party Election results[6] Seats Votes
National Coalition Party 28.1% 20 22 596
Social Democratic Party of Finland 25.6% 18 20 599
Green League 13.9% 9 11 150
True Finns 9.8% 7 7 848
Left Alliance 7.7% 5 6 229
Center Party 5.6% 4 4 516
Christian Democrats 3.7% 2 2 951
Swedish People's Party 3,5% 2 2 838
Pro Vantaa 1,4% 0 1 111

[edit] International relations
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland
[edit] Twin towns — Sister cities
Vantaa is twinned with:

Askim, Norway (1951)
Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany (1987)
Huddinge, Sweden (1951)
Jinan, China (2001)
Kineshma, Russia (1969)
Kongens Lyngby, Denmark (1951)
Matte Yehuda Regional Council, Israel (1967)
Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic (1978)
Nuuk, Greenland (1965)
District of Rastatt, Germany (1968)
Salgótarján, Hungary (1976)
Seyeisfj?reur, Iceland (1980)
S?upsk, Poland (1987)


[edit] Mayors
Lauri Lairala 1974–1989
Pirjo Ala-Kapee 1989–1997
Erkki Rantala 1997–2003
Juhani Paajanen 2003-
[edit] Economy

Finnair head office, Tietotie 11, at Helsinki-Vantaa AirportFinnair's head office is located in Tietotie 11 on the grounds of Helsinki-Vantaa Airport in Vantaa. The company moved the head office there from central Helsinki in 1994. The company held a "house-warming" ceremony on 11 January 1994.[7] The head office of Finavia, the company that manages Finland's airports, is located on the grounds of the airport.[8] Other airlines with head offices on the grounds of the airport include Air Finland and Blue1.[9][10]

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