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2015郑大远程涉外护理英语(一)在线测试及答案


现代远程教育

《涉外护理英语(一) 》 课 程 学 习 指 导 书

作者:王晶晶 2008 年 5 月

第一章
一、 章节学习目标 1、 理解电话预约的背景知识 2、 熟练掌握电话预约及取消预约的技巧 3、 能正确运用日期、时间表达方法

电话预约

二、 章节重点、要点 在英国生病看医生需要首先和社区医疗中心的 GP 预约, 要想掌握娴熟的预约与取消预 约技巧,必须能熟练运用现在完成时与一般将来时这两种时态,以及日期、时间、地址的 表达方法。此外,了解英国的相关医疗制度和风土人情也是必要的。

三、 章节练习

Single Choice: 1. In western countries, when you feel unwell, you normally need to see the first. A. doctor B. nurse C. GP D. dentist 2. —— Good morning. —— Good morning, Waterpool Medical Centre. A. I am B. Here is C. This is D. There is 3. I’m afraid he fully booked on Thursday and Friday. A. is B. has C. was D. does 4. You just me two seconds, I have to look up the diary for you. A. beg B. give C. bear D. borrow 5. I feel these days; I had running nose and sore back. A. good B. terrible C. awful D. bad 6. The expression for 22:40 is in the evening. A. forty past ten B. forty past ten C. twenty to eleven D. forty to eleven Multiple Choices: 7. You can make an appointment with the GP by . A. telephone B. mail C. e-mail D. going to the Medical Centre 8. Which are NOT free in medical system in western countries? A. medication B. dentist C. to give birth D. ophthalmologist 9. In western countries, all the expenses in hospital are free due to high . A. salary B. income tax C. policy D. national insurance 10. —— Thanks a lot, . —— You are welcome, Bye. A. Bye-bye B. Bye C. See you later D. Goodbye

11. ——What can I do for you? —— make an appointment with the nurse. A. I would like to B. I wanna C. I gonna D. I want to 12. My name is James Cook, James is the . A. giving name B. surname C. forename D. family name 13. —— ? —— I want to buy a pair of shoes. A. What are you doing? B. What can I do for you? C. How can I help you? D. How can I do for you? 14. What are the most important things in an appointment as a nurse? A. person B. date C. time D. year 15. When you cancel your appointment, remember . A. to talk politely B. to be sincerely C. to give a good reason D. to feel sorry Short answers: 16. What are the most important things in an appointment foe nurses?

第二章 紧急情况
一、章节学习目标 1、理解紧急事件的内容 2、掌握有关紧急事件的词汇 3、掌握心肺复苏的过程 4、了解突发事件管理的哲学体系 二、章节重点、要点 熟练掌握心肺复苏术的步骤、 技巧与注意事项是本章重点, 对不同年龄组人群实施心肺 复苏术的方法为本章难点。 对于突发公共卫生事件应采取何种应对方式及思路为本章的拓展 内容,条理性的逻辑思维套路对于急救和护理工作有着积极重要的意义。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. Which one is involved in disaster? A. car accident B. bone broken C. shock D. flood 2. Which of these is NOT included in chronic disease? A. asthma B. chicken pox C. diabetes D. coronary disease 3. Which color is the one when black people suffer shock? A. dark pink B. pale C. dark black D. totally white 4. Which is the emergency number in the UK? A. 120 B.911 C. 110 D. 999 5. Which one is the training every job position should implement?

A. food safety B. sharp management C. CPR D. emotional care 6. A child will suffer a permanent brain damage without CPR in . A. less than 3 minutes B. less than 1 minute C. less than half an hour D. less than 8 minutes 7. Which one is NOT in the three steps of CPR? A. call B. blow C. pump D. massage 8. The right ratio for CRP is . A. 1: 16 B. 1:18 C. 2:30 D. 2:28 9. When you blow the air into the victim’s mouth, each blow should take no less than . A. I minute B. 1second C. 2 second D. 3 second 10. Which is the rate of pump in CPR? A. 60/minute B. 90/minute C. 100/minute D. 120/minute Multiple choices: 11. When is CPR needed? A. No responsiveness B. No breathing C. Stopped heart beating D. Inadequate blood circulating 12. Which are NOT included in the ‘call’ step of CPR? A. the person’s name B. the neighbors C. the emergency D. the friends 13. Which are necessary when you call the victim? A. listen to the breath B. Move all the clothes C. watch chest movement D. transfer the patient to the bed 14. Which are correct when you do CPR? A. Never stops until help comes B. Turn the head to the side and clean the vomiting C. Ensure the environment is safe enough before CPR starts D. Do the CPR for children in the same way as for adults 15. What kind of question dose analytical epidemiological research focus on? A. When B. How C. What D. why Word explanation 16. A rescue method for helping people without breath and heartbeats. 17.The tool has for legs which can help patients’ mobility.

.第三章 对病人的介绍与宣教
一、章节学习目标 1、掌握有关医院的词汇 2、了解东西方医院的不同结构布局 3、掌握常规医院设施 4、了解对病人进行宣教的原则

二、章节重点、要点 医院的基本设施、结构布局以及护理人员的常规工作是对病人进行入院介绍与宣教的 基础,因此本章中相关以上内容的词汇量比较大,是本章的重点,也是难点,复杂的单词不 存在, 所以基本词汇要求熟记, 东西方医疗体系与思想文化差异决定了护理工作的不同流程, 此为本章难点。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. Which one is NOT free in the UK? A. medicine B. X-ray C. dentist D. operation 2. Which one is correct? A. All subjects can not be found in one hospital in the UK B. Patients should prepare meals themselves when they are in hospital C. You should not pay any thing for an eye disease D. All hospital belong to the government 3. Which one is the longest shift in a Rota? A. Early B. Late C. Early half D. Long day 4. Which one can NOT be used for moving patients? A. wheel chair B. Zimmer C. commode D. ambulance 5. From where you can get a theatre gown? A. kitchen B. drug room D. linen room D. sluice 6. Which one could NOT be found in the sluice? A. bowl B. bed pan C. syringe D. kidney basin 7. Which of these below is NOT included in patient’s breakfast? A. Coffee B. wine C .porridge D. soup 8. Which one is NOT anti-biotic? A. insulin B. penicillin C. amoxicillin D. sulfanilamide 9. Which disease can be controlled with inhaler? A. fever B. diabetes C. asthma D. heart diseases 10. Which one is NOT included in the bed unit? A. pillow B. observation machine C. control board D. side cupboard Multiple choices: 11. Which are NOT included in the principle of nursing work? A. happiness B. healthy C. safety D. unique 12. In a patient’s file, you might find: A. observation chart B. weight chart C. Fluid chart D. drug list 13. In which situation you should NOT offer the drinks to the patient? A. The patient is in the toilet B. The patient is ‘nil by mouth’

C. The patient is ‘fluid limited’ D. the patient is on fluid 14. Which are included in the content of introductions? A. Self-introduction B. Hospital regulations C. Explanations before treatment D. Guidance for discharge 15. What are the contents of discharge guidance for all patients? A. medication B. consultation C. A healthy life style D. treatment methods Match the right explanation to each word on the left 16. Scale ( ) A. how much and how you will use the medicine 17. Pharmacopoeia ( ) B. a place to ask for general information 18. ICU ( ) C. a dictionary for looking up prescribing drugs 19. Dosage ( ) D. Intensive Care Unit 20. Reception ( ) E. a tool which used for measuring patient’s weight

第四章 维护安全与健康
一、章节学习目标 1、理解健康与安全的含义 2、掌握七种以健康的生活方式对抗癌症的内容 3、掌握抑郁症的定义、症状以及解决方法 二、章节重点、要点 健康与安全的含义,抑郁症的定义、主要表现以及治疗方法为本章重点。如何在保证特 殊人群(精神疾病、意识不清)的健康与安全时维护自己的利益与安全是本章难点。要意识 到良好的生活型态在预防疾病、治疗康复中起着重要的作用。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. Which one is NOT included in nursing jobs for patients’ health? A. Supplying 3 meals B. Giving medications C. Mouth toilet D. X-ray check 2. Which one is NOT involved in maintaining patients’ safety? A. Assisting to a bath B. security guiding C. protection bar D. slings 3. You should yourself when you get home. A. take care B. watch C. mind D. take 4. Please the instructions when you take the medication. A. read B. learn

C. follow D. use 5. To drink green tea is for your health. A. bad B. wrong C. right D. good 6. What is the aim of taking regular exercise to prevent cancer? A. 1hour B. 30 mins C. 10mins D. 2 hours 7. To have a healthy food claims food. A. fresh B. good C. clean D. processed 8. To prevent cancer, you should aim to have portion of vegetable and fruit. A. ten B. five C. one D. a 9. To take units of alcohol is safe for your health. A. two B. five C. seven D. nine 10. Smoking is a mainly direct cause of cancer. A. brain B. throat C. lung D. skin Multiple Choices: 11. Which kind of tool can assist patients’ walking? A. walking sticks B. Zimmer C. crutches D. wheel chairs 12. What we can do for taking care of patients with mental disorder? A. Get a professional training B. Use correct guidance C. Manage useful equipment D. Communicate properly 13. Being overweight can increase the risks of . A. heart diseases B. cancer C. death D. shock 14. Which kind of activity can be considered as ‘moderate exercises’? A. swimming B. walking C. jogging D. gardening 15. Clinical depression . A. is a feeling of hopelessness and worthlessness. B. may recur C. may relate to long term of feeling depressed D. is treatable Choose the right words, finish the paragraph. Each year 178 million women die 16 tobacco-related 17 . Twenty-two million American women smoke; however, research indicates that with social support they are 50% more likely to be successful 18 quitting. In 2000, 70% of smokers reported their 19 to quit and 41% were successful at quitting for at least 1 day. The average smoker makes 8 to 11 attempts at quitting before quitting for good. No matter 20 a person has smoked, her life expectancy 21 by stopping. By quitting, the risk of developing heart disease is reduced 22 up to 50%in just

1 to 2 years. After 5 to 15 years of quitting, the risk of stroke is the same 23 someone who never smoked. The risk of 24 lung cancer drops 30% to 50% within 10 years of quitting. A wonderful 25 called Circle of Friends was 26 by The American Legacy Foundation to help women quit smoking. If 27 of us were to start a Circle of Friends we truly would have something to celebrate during Nurse Week next year. There are no costs, rules, or bureaucracy associated with 28 a Circle. It is about Assembling a group of women to support them in their attempts to quit. The American Legacy Foundation’s experience in helping 29 of women indicates that professional counselling, 30 medications and / or prescription medications, and social support all increase the 31 of successfully quitting. Their web site is rich 32 resources. It contains 33 information list of state and national resources designed to assist 34 tobacco cessation. The site includes a very helpful ‘Quit Net’ with 35 room, information, and inspiration for quitting. 16. A. of 17. A. sick 18. A. of 19. A. desire 20. A. How far 21. A. increased 22. A. by 23. A. to 24. A. rising 25. A. activity 26. A. found 27. A. none 28. A. starting 29. A. thousand 30. A. over- counter C. over-the-counter 31. A. likely 32. A. with 33. A. a 34. A. to 35. A. talk B. with B. disease B. for B. attempt B. How often B. increases B. to B. as B. reducing B. game B. built B. any B. making B. thousands C. from D. in C. problems D. illnesses C. at D. to C. demand D. need C. How long D. How much C. decreased D. decreases C. at D. for C. with D. like C. developing D. increasing C. event D. movement C. established D. organised C. each D. one C. having D. jumping C. dozen D. dozens B. over-a-counter D. over the counter C. probable D. probability C. of D. in C. the D. / C. on D. of C. speech D. chat

B. perhaps B. for B. an B. with B. speak

第五章 生命体征观测
一、章节学习目标 1、了解在护理实践中体征观测的目的和意义

2、掌握与生命体征观测相关的设施与方法的词汇 3、掌握高血压、心脏病的相关内容 二、章节重点、要点 掌握生命体征测量的目的、方法是本章重点,与生命体征异常想关联的高血压的病因、 临床表现、 治疗方法是本章的难点, 心脏疾病的相关内容再次强调了健康的生活型态对于每 个人都至关重要。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. When the values of life signs are not zero, they means that a person is . A. alive B. dead C. healthy D. poorly 2. Body temperature shows the between the heat produced and heat lost from the body. A. number B. gap C. balance D. figure 3. When you suffer malaria, you could have a fever. A. continuous B. intermittent C. Remittent D. temporary 4. Pulse is the frequency of . A. breathing B. heart beating C. blood flowing D. shouting 5. Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood against the . A. heart vessels B. muscle C. skin D. blood vessel walls 6. Her blood pressure is one hundred ninety, which is normal. A. to B. of C. over D. and 7. is the leading cause of death for people in the world. A. heart disease B. AIDS C. hypertension D. cancer Multiple Choices: 8. Doing observations aims to . A. give a pre-assessment to patients B. help for diagnosis C. monitor the procedure of disease D. reflect the previous treatment 9. The signs in doing observations include . A. temperature B. blood pressure C. pulse D. respiration 10. The normal range of life signs can be affected by . A. age B. medical conditions C. exercises D. diet 11. The method of measuring temperature is under the . A. arm B. mouth C. hand D. tongue 12. A patient with may have the type of continues fever.

A. flu B. pneumonia C. scarlet fever D. typhus 13. When observe , you use a part of your body as the tool. A. temperature B. pulse C. blood pressure D. respiration 14. Hypertension could lead to . A. heart diseases B. stroke C. kidney diseases D. eye diseases 15. The symptoms of hypertension include . A. no symptom B. a pounding feeling in the heart or chest C. feeling of dizziness D. red face Word explanation 16. The tool used to take temperature for patients. 17. The thing used to put on the left arm to take the blood pressure. 18. A general process the body uses to exchange gases between the atmosphere and the human body.

第六章 给药
一、章节学习目标 1、学会给药的方法 2、理解给药的原则 3、掌握与给药相关的词汇 二、章节重点、要点 常见药物的基本种类和见副作用决定了本章相对较多的词汇量, 给药的谈话技巧是本章 重点,给药整体过程中的注意事项与护理理念是本章难点。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. In hospital, is the most common claim. A. price B. hospital rules C. medication error D. visiting time 2. Check the is the best way to make sure you have got the right patient. A. bed card B. patients’ file C. prescription D. name bracelet 3. You can take Digoxin a day. A. one B. one time C. once D. a time 4. If you feel anything abnormal, just the nurses during night. A. call B. find C. buzzer D. wait 5. The doctor has you a pain shot. A. order B. ordered C. ordering D. been ordered 6. Nurse: You are not allergic to anything, are you?

Patient: . But just seafood. A. Yes, I am. B. No, I am not. A. Yes, I’m not. D. Not really. 7. Please to the right, I will give you an injection into your hip. A. come B. go C. turn D. sit 8. The pain is really strong, I can’t it! A. stand B. sit C. feel D. see 9. The value of your RBC is , so you don’t need more blood. A. above the minimum B. below the minimum C. above the maximum D. in the normal range 10. Because the blood has been , we wouldn’t give you the wrong type of blood. A. tested B. ordered C. cleaned D. cross matched 11. Which ONE is different from others? A. tablet B. pill C. capsule D. syrup Multiple Choices: 8. You should mention the of the drugs to patients when giving medications. A. name B. usage C. side effects D. price 9. In which way can help patients to relax? A. listen to the music B. breathe slowly and deeply C. imaging his/her muscle relaxed D. recall all sweet things 10. What may happen when a patient takes blood transfusion? A. breathless B. feel flushed C. feel itchy D. have chills 11. What kind of diseases might be infected by blood transfusion? A. AIDS B. flu C. hepatitis D. stroke Short answers: 16. Please state the content of the ‘Five Rights’.

第七章 护理交班
一、章节学习目标 1、了解护理交班的目的 2、掌握护理交班中应涉及的内容信息 3、掌握与交班相关的词汇 二、章节重点、要点 熟练掌握简单的英文人名,生日的表达法,疾病名称及治疗方法的名称及交班报告中 的条理顺序。明白护理病历的书写与护理交班是两个不同的概念,了解病历书写的原则,由 于病历书写比较复杂,也是本章难点,对能提交一分完整的书面病历不作要求。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. She had a cup of water . A. ago B. before C. after D. later 2. This girl is terribly ill, please keep on her. A. mind B. hand C. eye D. head 3. He is still heart monitor now. A. by B. on C. in D. under 4. His temperature is 36.5℃ and 38℃. A. in B. during C. between D. among 5. Her temperature is high; we need take her to decide whether the antibiotics she is using now need to be changed. A. blood pressure B. blood routine test C. blood bank D. blood culture 6. He can’t hold the cup properly when drinking, you’d better give him a . A. bowl B. basin C. feeding cup D. bottle 7. When doing handover, the language you use probably be . A. formal B. informal C. gentle D. polite 8. In Narrative Nurses’ notes, you should write down . A. everything happened during your shift B. the things happened before your handover only C. all treatments you gave the patients only D. doctors’ prescription only 9. SOAP nurses’ notes . A. is the most common type of nurses’ notes B. includes everything happened during the shift C. followed a standard grammar D. is based on a problem list 10. When you make any mistakes in nurses’ notes, you should NOT . A. draw a line through the mistakes B. write ‘error ’ over the mistakes C. write your signature down near to the mistakes D. use ‘white-out’ Multiple Choices: 11. Handover can . A. pass the information of patients B. improve the quality of nursing C. check yourself D. get the news to familiar with the ward 12. Which situation can lead to fluid losing?

A. nausea B. vomiting C. diarrhea D. dizziness 13. The special care nurse will the gentleman 24hours here. A. look at B. take care C. look after D. take care of 14. In handover, you should state the patient’s clearly. A. location, name, age and gender B. personal health history C. general situation now D. exist problems and solutions 15. A Narrative Nurses’ notes contain . A. any change of the patient’s condition B. a new problem of a patient C. a patient’s responds to a treatment D. a patient’s responds to your teaching Please write a nursing handover note with the information has been given. 16.5 号床 Lydia,92 岁,生活在养老院,昨天夜间在楼梯上摔倒,右侧髋关 节受伤。有糖尿病史,但无需药物控制血糖;青霉素过敏。CT 在今天白天已经 完成,她伤口处刚换过药, 她的伤口看起来还行,只有少许液体渗出。现在她 仍在输液,她饮食正常,夜间需要两个人辅助移动。她是个很好的老太太。

第八章 护理技术
一、章节学习目标 1、了解护理交班的目的 2、掌握护理交班中应涉及的内容信息 3、掌握与交班相关的词汇 二、章节重点、要点 熟练掌握简单的英文人名,生日的表达法,疾病名称及治疗方法的名称及交班报告中 的条理顺序。明白护理病历的书写与护理交班是两个不同的概念,了解病历书写的原则,由 于病历书写比较复杂,也是本章难点,对能提交一分完整的书面病历不作要求。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. Which ONE of these tolls is NOT used for assisting to walking? A. Zimmer frame B. walking stick C. crutches D. turntable 2. When sit the patient up from bed, you should . A. lower down the bed B. raise up protecting bar C. stand by one side of the patient D. use the vertical position

3. Which ONE is the best for turning around a patient? A. handling belt B. turntable C. banana board D. sling Multiple Choices: 4. The principle of moving and handling is . A. maintain the stable based mobile position B. keep the back straight C. avoid twisting D. head leads all movement 5. Personal differences on moving and handling could exist as . A. muscle strength B. body builds C. height D. weight 6. Poor posture of moving and handling may be caused by . A. pain B. personal habits C. muscle imbalance D. degenerative process 7. Wrong posture mostly is . A. extending B. rotating C. forward bending D. over bending 8. Which can be used for transferring a heavy patient between bed and trolley? A. sliding sheet B. sliding board C. banana board D. sling 9. When sit the immobile patient up in bed, you should . A. place your knee on the bed B. cup your hand behind the patient’s shoulder C. keep your back straight D. sit the person up directly 10. Before lift up the patient with hoist, make sure . A. the hoist and sling are in good condition B. give explanation to the patient C. practice the equipment before lifting D. choose the right size for the patient True or False (T or F): 11. As a carer, your most common load probably be people. ( ) 12. There is an inherent risk of injury for people who are involved in the office job positions. ( ) 13. As a carer you are less at risk from injury caused by manual handling than people in any other occupation. ( ) 14. Practice the hoist before lifting patients up as to ensure the hoist is in a good condition. ( ) 15. When transfer a patient with hoist, the slower, the better. ( )

第九章 与护理有关的职业病
一、章节学习目标 1、了解护理工作中现存的职业病隐患 2、理解护理工作中引起职业病的因素 3、探索可预防职业病的方法 二、章节重点、要点 与护理工作相关且频发的职业病及其诱因,主要表现和解决办法是本章的重点。但是 在新世纪,疾病同样也在挑战人类与科技发展,怎样寻求出路具有很大的挑战性,同时也是 提高大家开阔性思维的最佳时机。因此怎样预防职业病是本章的难点。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. Sharp injury may cause infection. A. airborne B. food borne C. blood borne D. waterborne 2. Which situation is NOT the stress caused by emotional reasons? A. Catching up the bus on your way of working B. Robbing by a highjack C. Walking on an old, dangerous bridge D. Meet a snake in a mountain 3. Stress comes with no reasons is called . A. survival stress B. internal stress C. environmental stress D. fatigue stress 4. Which ONE is a positive way of managing stress? A. overusing drugs B. smoking C. drinking too much D. listening to the music 5. Which ONE is NOT the effect of stress on your behavior? A. mood swing B. anger burst C. social withdraw D. decreased productivity Multiple Choices: 6. Which are NOT the mental problems in nursing? A. sharp injury B. stress C. back pain D. clinical depression 7. What we can do on decreasing infection caused by sharp injuries? A. Make assessment to sharp injury control B. Enhance educational intervention C. Improve awareness of College students D. Supply consultation 8. How to avoid back pain in nursing? A. Correct wrong postures B. Use facilities efficiently

C. Attend a training course D. Never carry loads 9. Internal stress could have symptoms of . A. being hurried anytime B. becoming addict to tense lifestyle C. sleeplessness or oversleep by overworking D. worrying about things aren’t stressful 10. Stress can affect your . A. body B. language C. feelings D. behavior True or False (T or F): 11. The moderate stress is normal and is good for people. ( ) 12. Stress is body reaction by releasing chemical things into the blood for bad experience only. ( ) 13. Try to find out the reasons of your stress is always the first step to overcome stress. ( ) 14. Give yourself a break for a trip can help for reducing stress. ( ) 15. Stress has not relation to depression. ( )

第十章 护理的继续教育
一、章节学习目标 1、了解国外教育体系背景知识 2、熟悉在国外就读的申请流程和学生生活情况 3、掌握与继续教育相关的词汇 二、章节重点、要点 理解继续教育现有的模式, 知道申请在国外就读的基本流程和注意事项。 国外生活的大 致轮廓已经被展现在本章之中,但是在国外生活的最大挑战与本章的难点依旧是——单词。

三、章节练习

Single Choice: 1. Before you start your further education, you should a school and take the entry tests. A. look for B. ask for C. apply for D. work for 2. Which ONE below could NOT be your identity? A. student card B. ID card C. driving license D. passport 3. Once you with the admission office, you become a student of this school. A. join in B. enroll in C. walk in D. sit in 4. You take classes follow the . A. time list B. time sheet C. time book D. time table

5. When you need some help for your essay, you can make an appointment of an tutorial with your supervisor. A. personal B. single C. individual D. special 6. You should your essay on time. A. hand out B. hand over C. hand in D. hand out 7. When you your course, you need to resit. A. pass B. finish C. fail D. hand in 8. You can ask for an letter if you want your parents come for your graduation ceremony. A. invitation B. introduction C. requirement D. application 9. is where you pay for your rent and tuition fees. A. medical centre B. library C. student union shop D. financial office 10. You can travel different campus of the university by for free. A. taxi B. school bus C. bus D. train Multiple Choices: 1. Further education of Nursing might be in terms of . A. Adult education B. Self-learning C. Long-distance education D. Training course 2. People may choose further education for . A. meeting competition B. reaching a higher target C. just hobbies D. preparing an exam 3. Usually you can use to pay for your tuition fees in a foreign university. A. cash B. cheque C. bank card D. account transfer 4. You can use to take a discount. A. student card B. passport C. library card D. young person card 5. What are important things for study? A. discussing B. thinking C. rising questions D. Asking for help from others Short answers 16. Please list out the main forms of further education on nursing.

考试模拟题(一)
Ⅰ. Match the words with their meanings. (2×5 = 10 marks). 1. Scale ( ) A. a dictionary for looking up prescribing drugs 2. Pharmacopoeia ( ) B. high pressure 3. Emergency ( ) C. liquid 4. Fluid ( ) D. a condition of urgent 5. Hypertension ( ) E. a tool which used for measuring patient’s weight Ⅱ. Single choice (1×10 = 10 marks ). 1. Once when you get sick, firstly you will go to see the . A. specialists B. doctor C. nurse D. General Practioner 2. Which one is NOT included in disaster of emergency? A. stroke B. earthquake C. drought D. flood 3. Which content is available in the training of all job positions? A. food safety B. CPR C. anger control D. domestic skills 4. Which of these is NOT included in the Epidemiology triangle? A. Time B. Host C. environment D. agent 5. won’t show a continuous fever temperature type. A. flu B. pneumonia C. malaria D. typhus 6. Which of these may affected by different occupation? A. Temperature B. blood pressure C. respiration D. pulse 7. Limit intake of salt to can help decrease risks of heart diseases. A. no more than 10 grams B. no less than 2400milligrams C. no more than a teaspoon D. no less than 6 grams 8. In hospital, is the most common claim. A. price B. hospital rules C. medication error D. visiting time 9. When sit the patient up from bed, you should . A. lower down the bed B. raise up protecting bar C. stand by one side of the patient D. use the vertical position 10. Before you start your further education, you should a school and take the entry tests. A. look for B. ask for C. apply for D. work for Ⅲ. Multiple choices (2×5 = 10 marks). 1. In western countries, all the expenses for illness are free except A. body checking B. operation C. the dentists D. the ophthalmologists 2. Which are the complications of CPR?

.

A. a safe environment B. vomiting C. age of the victim D. infectious diseases 3. Which duties are in the period of 13:00 to 23:00? A. Late B. Late half C. Long day D. Night duty 4. In which situation you should be careful when you serve food and drink for patients? A. The patient is sleeping B. The patient is on fluid C. The patient is ‘Nil by mouth’ D. The patient is on ‘Fluid limited’ 5. Which of these below can reduce the risk factors of hear diseases? A. diet B. exercises C. quit smoking D. Moderated drinking alcohol Ⅳ. Short answers (4×10= 40 marks) 1. Please state the three differences between adults and infants when you do CPR. 2. List out at least 4 things to maintain patient’s safety. 3. How to diagnose hypotension? 4. How to diagnosis a clinical depression? Ⅴ. Case analysing (20 marks) The reported case was a 20-year-old woman, previously completely healthy, who presented at the ship’s Medical Facility complaining of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. She was afebrile (no fever), but quite dehydrated due to the vomiting and diarrhea. After a few hours, she also noted pain and tiling in her gums, muscle pains, and sever tiredness. In the 12 hours prior to presenting at the Ship’s Medical Facility, she had attended the Final AMBIENT Banquet and had eaten everything with great gusto! She reported that others in her family were sick with a similar illness and that all the food had tasted delicious. Question: 1. What are the initial steps you need to take to investigate and control the illness? (15 marks) 2. What is the definition of disease you might give to this case? (5 marks)

考试模拟题(二)
Ⅰ. Match the words with their meanings. (2×5 = 10 marks). 1. Antibiotic ( ) A. how much and how you will use the medicine 2. ICU ( ) B. settle problems 3. Dosage ( ) C. Intensive Care Unit 4. Reception ( ) D. medicine used to against bacteria 5. Resolve ( ) E. a place to ask for general information Ⅱ. Single choice (1×10 = 10 marks ). 1. Which is NOT important in an appointment for a nurse? A. person B. time C. place D. date 2. Which one belongs to incident in an emergency? A. asthma B. car crash C. heart attack D. diabetes 3. How long will the brain damage occur of a baby with out CPR? A. less than 1 minute B. no more than 10 seconds C. less than 8 minutes D. no more than 8 seconds 4. Which one can NOT be seen when breakfast time on ward? A. Toast B. coffee C. corn flake D. porridge 5. Which one could NOT be found in the sluice? A. bowl B. bed pan C. syringe D. kidney basin 6. Please the instructions when you take the medication. A. read B. learn C. follow D. use 7. When you suffer malaria, you could have a fever. A. continuous B. intermittent C. Remittent D. temporary 8. SOAP nurses’ notes . A. is the most common type of nurses’ notes B. includes everything happened during the shift C. followed a standard grammar D. is based on a problem list 9. Which ONE is a positive way of managing stress? A. overusing drugs B. smoking C. drinking too much D. listening to the music 10. Sharp injury may cause infection. A. airborne B. food borne C. blood borne D. waterborne

Ⅲ. Ttranslating (10 marks) 1. 很抱歉, 恐怕我不得不取消今天下午与约翰大夫的约会。 2. 我服了些安眠药, 但是看起来它们对我没有起任何作用。 3. 请尽量将你的头向后仰。 4. 感觉到疼就吃一次止疼片, 但是每次必须间隔四小时。 5. 护士的短缺已经成为一个全球性问题。

Ⅳ. Short answers (4×10= 40 marks) 1. List out at least 4 ways to maintain patient’s healthy. 2. Please list the routine work of nursing in hospital. 3. What can help for preventing cancer by changing lifestyle? 4. List at least 6 types of medication. Ⅴ. Case analysing (20 marks) John is forty years old; he was a happy and healthy man. During these two years, he always has a pounding feeling in the heart and chest. And he also feels dizzy after a period of busy work. Questions: (1) Which king of disease John might have? (3 marks) (2) How to diagnosis this disease? (8 marks) (3) Please give a treatment plan for him. (7 marks)

考试模拟题(三)
Ⅰ. Match the words with their meanings. (2×5 = 10 marks). 1. depression ( ) A. The tool used for giving injections to patients. 2. Zimmer ( ) B. A rescue method for helping people without breath and heartbeats. 3. PCR ( ) C. The tool has for legs which can help patients’ mobility. 4. sluice ( ) D. The place used for storing all dirty unities. 5. syringe ( ) E. Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness.

Ⅱ. Single choice (1×10 = 10 marks ). 1. In an appointment, which factor ensures the right person who will come? A. date B. time C. address D. birthday 2. Which is the color of a black people’s face change to be in a stroke? A. dark pink B. pale C. yellow D. even black 3. The right ratio of blow and pump when rescue is . A. 1:16 B. 1: 20 C. 2: 30 D. 2: 40 4. From where you can get a theatre gown?

A. kitchen B. drug room D. linen room D. sluice 5. You should yourself when you get home. A. take care B. watch C. mind D. take 6. Her blood pressure is one hundred ninety, which is normal. A. to B. of C. over D. and 7. When the values of life signs are not zero, they means that a person is . A. alive B. dead C. healthy D. poorly 8. You can take Digoxin a day. A. one B. one time C. once D. a time 9. Which ONE is NOT the effect of stress on your behavior? A. mood swing B. anger burst C. social withdraw D. decreased productivity 10. Which ONE below could NOT be your identity? A. student card B. ID card C. driving license D. passport Ⅲ. Readings (2×5 = 10 marks) Parents are often upset when their children praise the homes of their friends and regard it as a slur on their own cooking, or cleaning, or furniture, and often are foolish enough to let the adolescents see that they are annoyed. They may even accuse them of disloyalty, or make some spiteful remark about the ‘friends’ parents. Such a loose of dignity and descent into children behaviour on the part of the adults deeply shocks the adolescents, and makes them resolve that in future they will not talk to their parents about the places or people they visit. Before very long time the parents will be complaining that the child is so secretive and never tells them anything, but they seldom realize that they have brought this on themselves. Disillusionment with the parents, however good and adequate they may be both as parents and as individuals, is to some degree inevitable. Most children have such a high idea of their parents, unless the parents themselves have been unsatisfactory, that it can hardly hope to stand up to a realise evaluation. Parents would be greatly surprised and deeply touched if they realized how much belief their children usually have in their character and infallibility, and how much this faith means to a child. If parents were prepared for this adolescent reaction, and realized that it was a sign that the child was growing up and developing valuable powers of observation and independent judgement, they would not be so hurt, and therefore would not drive the child into opposition by resenting and resisting it. The adolescence, with his passion for sincerity, always respects a parent who admits that he is wrong, or ignorant, or even that he has been unfair or unjust. What the child cannot forgive is the parents’ refusal to admit these charges if the child knows them to be true.

Victorian parents believes that they kept their dignity by retreating behind an unreasoning authoritarian attitude; in fact they did nothing of the kind, but children were then too cowed to let them know how they really felt. Today we tend to go to the other extreme, but on the whole this is a healthier attitude both for the child and the parent. It is always wiser and safer to face up to reality, however painful it may be at the moment. 1. Adolescents often fail to communicate . A. when parents feel their children are criticising their cooking B. because they don’t want to talk about the places or people they visit C. because they don’t want to annoy their parents D. in response to negative behaviour from their parents. 2. When adolescents feel disillusion with their parents A. they don’t really mean it B. they want to hurt them C. it’s often a sign they’re developing into maturity D. they are expressing their dissatisfaction with them .

3. Adolescents are likely to . A. show more respect for parents who don’t think they’re always right B. resent and resist parents whatever the parents do C. respect their parents’ infallibility D. treat their parents unfairly and unjustly 4. In Victorian times, adolescents . A. had more respect for their parents than today B. always faced up to reality, however painful it might be C. were too afraid to show their true feelings D. admired the authoritarian attitude of their parents 5. Today the attitude both for the adolescents and their parents A. tends to be more conservative B. becomes to be totally open C. changes to be brave to face up to reality D. is neither positive nor negative .

Ⅳ. Short answers (4×10 = 40 marks) 1. What are the common symptoms of hypotension? 2. What are the contents of hospital introduction? 3. Please state the purposes of doing observations. 4. What you should pay attention to when you give medicines to patients?

Ⅴ. Translation. (10×2 = 20 marks) 1. 1 号单间,John, 76 岁,因肺部感染入院,耳背、选择性听力(有时能听懂 你的话,而有时挺立懂,显示为主观性)MRSA 阳性,他基本观察正常,用喂养 杯进流食。今天已经为他预约了 X 光检查。口腔护理和 8 小时一次的抗生素静 点仍然进行。他不会自主翻身,我们每 4 小时为他翻一次身。夜间有时腹泻,大 概四、五次,所以他需要卫生垫,必要时得更换床单。 帮助:feeding cup

2. 1 号病房 1 床 Caroline, 24 岁,于今天上午 11 点行“巨乳缩小”术,下午
1 点 10 分回到病房。血压有一点低,大约在 90 / 60 左右,她还有一些恶心呕 吐,半小时前她喝了半杯水。现在还在输液。弹性袜已经去掉,因为她觉得袜子 太紧,特别得不舒服。至尽还没有小便排出,她在帮助下去过厕所一次,但是并 没有成功(排尿) ,请继续关注她。 帮助:tights

考试模拟题答案 (一)
一、词意搭配 1-5 EADCB

二、单项选择 1-5 DABAC 三、多项选择 1. CD

6-10 DCCDC

2. ABD

3. ABC

4. CD

5. ABCD

四、简答题 1. (1) If you are alone with the child, give two minutes of CPR before calling the emergency. (2) Use the heel of one hand as for adults for chest compressions. (3) Press the sternum approximately one third the depth of the chest.

2. Protection bar, Zimmer/crutch, air mattress alarm, slings, security men, medication accuracy. (Any 4 of theses would get the full mark) 3. (1) Review the family health history. (2) A general medical check up will be undertaken. (3) A sever blood pressure test. (4) A few routine test. (5) Use ophthalmoscope to look at the vessels in your eyes. (6) In some case, an X-ray and an electrocardiogram may be needed. 4. If a person have more than five symptoms below for over two weeks, this might suggest a depression illness: (1) Persistent feelings of sadness and irritability. (2) Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness or inappropriate guilt. (3) Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. (4) Difficulty concerning and remembering. (5) Difficulty sleeping or excessive sleeping. (6) Loss of energy or increased agitation and restlessness. (7) Significant change in appetite or body weight. (8) Feeling isolated from other people, even those who are close. (9) Thoughts of suicide or death. 五、案例分析 1. This seems to be a beginning of an epidemic. (1) Evaluate the case reports. (2) Summarizing the data, seeking commonalities for a case definition. (3) Visit all persons attended the Banquet, do some objective measures if necessary. (4) Establish a case definition of disease. (5) Use the definition to find out the exposure. (6) In addition to disease investigation, consider possible ways to prevent further illness in the community, as well as communicate with the media, healthcare providers, cases, and general population. 2. This epidemic outbreak might be a foodborne disease.

(二)
一、词意搭配 1-5 DCAEB

二、单项选择 1-5 CBDDC

6-10 CBDBC

三、汉译英 1. I’m sorry, I’m afraid I have to cancel the appointment I made with Dr. John this afternoon. 2. I tried some sleeping pills, but it seems they have done nothing for me. 3. Bend your head backward as far as you can please. 4. Take one pain-killer if you feel painful, but not more than once every four hours. 5. The shortage of nurses is becoming a global issue. 四、简答题 1. Supplying three meals, undertaking tea time, communication, monitoring (Temperature, Blood pressure, Pulse, Respiration, weight, BM, etc.), assist to a bath / shower, mouth toilet, turning over 2 hourly. (Any 4 of theses would get the full mark) 2. (1) Supply three meals per day and drinks for all patients (2) Clean and make beds (3) Give drugs and fluids (4) Make the routine observations (5) Assist to get dressed, have a bath / shower and mobility (6) Do all patients files (nursing record) 3. (1) Maintain a healthy weight (2) Keep active (3) Eat a balanced diet (4) Limit your alcohol intake (5) Quit smoking (6) Stay safe in the sun (7) Learn what is normal for you 4. Tablets, pills, capsules, syrup, drop, spray, thickener, past, herb and so on. (Any 6 of these would get the full mark) 五、案例分析 1. He might have got a hypotension. 2. Diagnosis could be made by: ? Reviewing the family health history. ? A general medical check up will be undertaken. ? A sever blood pressure test. ? A few routine test. ? Using ophthalmoscope to look at the vessels in your eyes. ? An X-ray and an electrocardiogram if needed. 3. Treatment usually involves lifestyle changes such as: ? Start a low-fat and low-salt diet.

? Loose weight if you need to. ? Being a regular exercise program. ? Learn to manage stress. ? Quit smoke if you do. ? Drink alcohol in moderation (1 or 2 units per day, if at all. ? Anger control. Medications are available if these changes do not control your BP within 3 to 6 months.

(三)
一、词意搭配 1-5 ECBDA

二、单项选择 1-5 DDCDB

6-10 CACAA

三、阅读理解 1-5 DCACC

四、简答题 1. (1) Most of people do not have any symptom. People may go with hypotension for years without knowing they have the condition. (2) A pounding feeling in the heart or chest. (3) A feeling of dizziness. (4) The color of face changes. 2. (1) Self-introduction (2) Hospital regulation (3) Explanation of giving medicine and treatment (4) Discharge guiding 3. (1) Giving the doctor a basic understanding about the patient’s physical condition. (2) Helping for diagnosing. (3) Monitoring the disease procedure, and reflect to previous treatment. 4. (1) Care more about the feelings of patients when you give medications. (2) Explanations to the medications and the purpose of your behavior are necessary. (3) Side effects should be mentioned for drugs. (4) Always remember the ‘Five Rights’.

五、汉译英 1. Cubicle 1, John, 76, came for lung infection; he’s deaf, optional listening, and MRSA positive. Obs normal, he takes fluids with feeding cups. Today we have made the X-ray appointment for him. He’s still on mouth toilet and TD anti-biotic. He’s not good at rolling over; we turn him over every eight hours. He had a lot of diarrhea during night, about four or five times, so he needs pads, please change bed sheets if necessary. 2. Caroline in Bay One, Bed One, she is 24, she has ‘breast reduction’ at 11 o’clock this morning, back to ward at ten past one this afternoon. Her blood pressure is a little bit low, about ninety over sixty; she has nausea and little vomit. She had half cup of water half an hour before. Now she is on IVT. Tights were removed because they are too tight for her, and make her uncomfortable. So far she has no urine put out, she has been to the toilet once with help, she has tried but still nothing came out, please keep eye on her.

章节练习题答案
第一章 1-6 CCBCC C 7. AD 8. BD 9. BD 10. ABCD 13.BC 14. ABC 15. ABCD 16. People, date and time. 第二章 1-10 DBCDC DDCBC 11. BCD 12. AC 16. CPR 17. Zimmer 第三章 1-10 CADBC CCACB 11. AD 12. ABCD 16-20 ECDAB 第四章 1-10 DABCD

11. ABD

12. AC

13. AC

14. ABC

15. BD

13. BC

14. ABCD

15. ABC

BABAC

11. ABC 12. ABCD 16-35 参见教材第 82 页

13. ABD

14. ABCD

15. ABCD

第五章 1-7 ACBBD CA 8. ABCD 9. ABCD 10. ABC 11.AD 13. BD 14. ABCD 15. ABCD 16. thermometer 17. cuff 18. respiration

12. ABCD

第六章 1-11 CDCCB DCADD D 12. ABC 13. ABCD 14. ABCD 15. AC 16. ‘Five Rights’ stands for right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right patient. It ensures the safety of giving medication. 第七章 1-10 BCBCD CBADD 11. ABCD 12. BC 13. CD 14. ABCD 15. ABCD 16. Lydia in Bed 5, ninety-two years old, she lives in nursing home. Last night she fell off the stairs and broke her right hip. She was diabetic, but non-medicine controlled. She allergies to Penicillin. CT scan has been done during the day. I just changed her dressing, the wound seems fine,but just a little bit fluid came out. She’s still on IVT now, she’s eating and drinking, and transferred with two people. She’s a nice lady. 第八章 1-3 DDB 4. ABCD 5. ABCD 10. ABCD 11-15. T F F F F 第九章 1-5 CDBDA 6. AC 7. ABCD 11-15 T F T T F

6. ABCD

7. ABCD

8. ABC

9. ABC

8. ABC

9. ABD

10. ACD

第十章 1-10 CABDC CCADB 11. ABCD 12. ABCD 13. ABCD 16. (1) Adult education (2) Long-distance education (3) Self-studying (4) Training course

14. AD

15. ABCD


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