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大象的文化内涵(Elephant&Culture)


Elephants & Cultures
Elephants in Religions
Elephants play an important role in both Hindu(印度教) and Buddhist(佛教) religions. Ganesh(大象 神), the Hindu elephant God, is revered (敬) as the remover of obstacles. In his teaching, the Buddha(佛陀) often spoke about elephants and their image and characteristics as powerful metaphors.

Republican Elephant
Cartoonist Thomas Nast(托马斯? 纳斯特) invented the famous symbol—the Republican elephant. In a cartoon that appeared in Harper‘s Weekly (哈泼斯周刊) in 1874, Nast drew a donkey clothed in lion's skin, scaring away all the animals at the zoo. One of those animals, the elephant, was labeled “The Republican Vote.” That‘s all it took for the elephant to become associated with the Republican Party. Democrats today say the donkey is smart and brave, while Republicans say the elephant is strong and dignified(高贵的).

A Token of Country

科特迪瓦的国徽

印度的象征

中国的吉“祥”

Elephants in Cultural References
Several cultural references emphasise the elephant‘s size and exotic(异域情调的) uniqueness. For instance, a “white elephant” is a byword for something expensive, useless and bizarre(奇异 的).The expression “elephant in the room” refers to an obvious truth that is ignored or otherwise unaddressed. The story of the blind men and an elephant(盲 人摸象) teaches that reality may be viewed by different perspectives.


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