2015 秋高三英语周练（1） 时间：120 分钟 总分 120 分 命题人：黄士龙
第一部分：听力（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读
一遍。 1 Where is the post office? A. In front of a hotel. garage. 2 How did the woman feel about her life? A. Worried. B. Satisfied. C. Bored. B. Opposite a supermarket. C. Next to a
3 What present did the woman get from her parents? A. Jeans. B. Shoes. C. A bag.
4 What did the man do at the weekend? A. He walked in the woods. B. He rode horses. 5 What are the speakers discussing? A. A job. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6 Where does the conversation take place? A. At a travel agency. 7 What day is it today? A. Tuesday. B. Wednesday. C. Thursday. B. At an airport. C. At a hotel. B. A manager. C. An interviewee. C. He went sailing.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8 Where has the man just been? A. To a theatre. B. To his office. C. To his home.
9 What is the man’s problem? A. He failed to book the theatre tickets. B. He couldn’t get through to the theatre. C. He was found making a private call at work. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10 Where will the woman’s party be held? A. In her house. B. In a club. C. In a restaurant.
11 How will the man go home from the party? A. On foot. B. By motorbike. C. By taxi.
12 What can we learn from the conversation? A. The party will start at 3 p.m. B. The woman plays volleyball at 6 p.m. every day. C. People needn’t wear formal clothes at the party. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13 Why did the man choose the Western Restaurant? A. He saw the review in the newspaper. B. The woman said it was very good. C. Katie persuaded him to go. 14 What did the man dislike about his meal? A. The starter. B. The main course. C. The dessert.
15 What did the speakers do in the Western Restaurant last night? A. They complained about the food. B. They had an argument about the bill. C. They held a celebration for a workmate. 16 What does the woman mean in the end? A. She will take her mum to the Western Restaurant. B. She will hold a party in another restaurant. C. She prefers a Chinese restaurant. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17 When should the listeners arrive at school?
A. At 7:15.
B. At 7:00.
C. At 6:00.
18 What should the listeners bring during the trip? A. A camera. B. Drinks. C. A jacket.
19 What do the listeners need to do this evening? A. Review the notes B. Draw a map of a village. C. Ask the teachers for a map.
20 What will the listeners do tomorrow evening? A. Visit a theatre. performance. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节, 满分 35 分） 第一节：单项选择（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑 21. The price of gold has jumped to ____ new all-time high as debt worries in the US and ____ Europe continue to trouble the world. A. the; 不填 B. the; the C. a; 不填 D. a; the B. Sleep in the village. C. Enjoy a
22. History is the best teacher. It ________ records the development of each country and foretells the future to us. A. apparently B. conventionally C. faithfully D. eventually
23.The landlord wants to _______the rent by $30 a month, which I think is unacceptable. A. make up B. raise up C. cut up D. put up
24. Emphasis is laid on the necessity that all the objectives to be attained _______ into account before starting a new project. A. be taken B. should take C. would be taken D. have to be taken
25. When asked what they would volunteer to do, ________ said they were willing to do something they could. A. half of these of them 26. Before selecting curtains for your newly-decorated house, it’s important to know what color look great ________ the wall paper. A. on B. with C. in D. against B. half of which C. half of whom D. half
27. I prefer buying a new flat in Pudong New Area to living in _______close to Jing'an Temple, as I want to live with my parents in Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park. A. it B. that C. one D.the one
28. It was thirty years _______ he was invited as an outstanding alumnus to celebrate the 128th anniversary of the university. A. as B. while C. before D. until
29. Lawrence Craven, a doctor from the USA, is the author of several published reports, one of ________ introduced the idea in 1953 ________ aspirin could reduce the
risk of heart attacks. A. them; when when 30. She kept a little notebook, in which addresses of her friends. A. wrote B. have written C. was written D. were written the telephone numbers and email B. which; that C. what; that D. which;
31．---Turn off the TV, Jack, ______ your homework now? --- Mum, just ten more minutes, please. A. should you be doing C. couldn’t you be doing B. shouldn’t you be doing D. will you be doing
32. My English teacher’s humor was ____ make every student burst into laughter. A. so as to B. such as to C. such that D. so that
第二节：完形填空 （共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可
以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A new study found that inner-city kids living in neighborhoods with more green space gained about 13% less weight over a two-year period than kids living among more concrete and fewer trees. Such 36 tell a powerful story. The obesity epidemic(流
行病) began in the 1980s, and many people believe increased portion sizes and inactivity are to 38 37 , but that can't be everything. Fast foods and TVs have been 39 to
us for a long time. "Most experts agree that the changes were
something in the environment," says social epidemiologist Thomas Glass of The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. That something could be a the green. The new research, 41 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, isn't 42 40 of
the first to associate greenery with better health, but it does get us close
identifying what works and why. At its most straightforward, a green neighborhood 43 means more places for kids to play – which is 44 since time spent outdoors
is one of the strongest correlates(相关的事物) of children's activity levels. But green space is good for the mind 45 : research by environmental psychologists for children with attention-deficit in a green setting improved kids'
has shown that it has cognitive（认知的） 46 disorder. In one study, just reading symptoms. 48 47
to grassy areas has also been linked to
stress and a lower body
mass index (体重指数) among adults. And an 50
of 3,000 Tokyo residents associated
walkable green spaces with greater longevity (长寿) among senior citizens. Glass cautions that most studies don't 51 prove a causal link between
greenness and health, but they're nevertheless helping spur action. In September the U. S. House of Representatives 52 the delightfully named No Child Left Inside
Act to encourage public initiatives aimed at exposing kids to the outdoors. Finding green space is not 53 easy, and you may have to work a bit to get
your family a little grass and trees. If you live in a suburb or a city with good parks, take 54 of what's there. Your children in particular will love it – and 55 to you.
their bodies and minds will be
36. A. findings 37. A. scold 38. A. among 39. A. glued 40. A. scratching 41. A. published 42. A. at 43. A. fully 44. A. vital 45. A. still 46. A. benefits 47. A. outward 48. A. Solution 49. A. much 50. A. article 51. A. curiously 52. A. relieved 53. A. merely 54. A. advantage 55. A. regretful
B. essays B. blame B. along B. related B. denying B. contributed B. to B. simply B. casual B. already B. profits B. apart B. Reaction B. less B. expedition B. negatively B. appointed B. always B. exception B. merciful
C. assumptions C. charge C. beside C. associated C. depressing C. illustrated C. for C. seriously C. fatal C. too C. revenues C. aside C. Exposure C. more C analysis C. necessarily C. approved C. mainly C. measure C. joyful
D. abstracts D. criticize D. with D. opposed D. shrinking D. circulated D. over D. uniquely D. mental D. yet D. awards D. outside D. Addiction D. little D. option D. comfortably D. performed D. almost D. charge D. grateful
第三部分：阅读理解(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Moocs (massive open online courses) are free, but without tutoring, and are open to anyone, anywhere in the world. The courses are flexible – normally three to five hours of study a week – done at any time, short (5 to 10 weeks) and video-rich. They are also heavily dependent on crowd sourcing: you can discuss a course with fellow students through online forums, discussion boards and peer review. Students don't
have to finish the courses, pass assessments or do assignments, but, if they do, they get a certification of participation. The Open University launched FutureLearn, the UK's answer to US platforms such as Coursera, EdX and Udacity, which have been offering Moocs from top US universities for the past two years. The response has been incredible, with more than three million people registering worldwide. Meanwhile, in 2012, Edinburgh University became the first non-US institution to join Coursera's partnership, comprising 13 universities. “We already run 50 online master's degrees, so this was a logical expansion,” says Professor Jeff Haywood, Edinburgh's vice-principal. “It's an investment in teaching methods research. How am I going to teach introductory philosophy to 100,000 people? That's what I call educational R&D.” He adds “If you look ahead 10 years, you'd expect all students graduating to have taken some online courses, so you've got to research that. Our Moocs are no more in competition with our degrees than a lifelong learning course because they don't carry credits.” Cooperation is key, Haywood stresses. It is far better to offer 20-30 courses in your own areas of expertise(专门技能) and let other institutions do likewise. Professor Mike Sharples, FutureLearn's academic lead, goes further: “We've tied the elements available before into a package of courses offered by leading universities worldwide on a new software platform, with a new way of promoting it and also a new social-learning teaching method. You won't just receive an exam, but be able to discuss and mark each other's assignments.” Bath University, one of more than 20 universities working with FutureLearn, launches its first course, Inside Cancer, next January, and regards Moocs as a way of breaking down age barriers. "There's no reason why someone doing GCSEs should not look at our Moocs and get quite a way through them, or someone at PhD level and beyond," says Professor Bernie Morley, expert for learning and teaching. 56. Moocs have these features EXCEPT that_______. A. Moocs are free of charge for anyone B. Moocs can be adjusted according to people’s learning pace C. Moocs provide teachers’ instructions if you have some difficulty
D. Moocs have a platform for learns to share their learning experience 57. What can be inferred from Professor Bernie Morley in the last paragraph? A. People with various learning levels will probably show interest in Moocs. B. People at PhD level have already known everything about Moocs. C. Inside Cancer will be the most popular course for someone doing GCSEs. D. Moocs are not so competitive as lifelong learning courses due to the problems of credits. 58. The passage mainly deals with _____. A. the various opinions on FutureLearn B. the advantages of online teaching methods C. the popularity of no-credit courses D. the emergence of a new learning platform
B One might expect that the ever-growing demands of the tourist trade would bring holiday-makers. Indeed, a
nothing but good for the countries that receive the
rosy picture is painted for the long-term future of the holiday industry. Every month sees the building of a new hotel somewhere, and every month another rock-bound Pacific island is advertised as the 'last paradise(天堂) on earth'. However, the scale and speed of this growth seem set to destroy the very
things tourists want to enjoy. In those countries where there was a rush to make quick money out of sea-side holidays, over-crowded beaches and the concrete jungles of endless hotels have begun to lose their appeal. Those countries with little experience of tourism can suffer most. In
recent years, Nepal set out to attract foreign visitors to fund developments in health and education. Its forests , full of wildlife and rare flowers, were offered to tourists as one more untouched paradise. In fact, the nature all too soon felt the effects of thousands of holiday-makers traveling through the forest land. Ancient tracks became major routesfor the exploitation of precious trees and plants. walkers, with the consequent
Not only the environment of a country can suffer from the sudden growth of tourism. The people as well rapidly feel its effects. Farmland makes way for hotels, roads and airports; the old way of life goes. The one-time farmer is now the servant of some multi-national organization; he is no longer his own master. Once it was his back that bore the pain ; now it is his smile that is exploited. No doubt he wonders whether he wasn't happier in his village working his own land. Thankfully, the tourist industry is waking up to the responsibilities it has towards those countries that receive its customers. The protection of wildlife and the creation of national parks go hand in hand with tourist development and in fact obtain financial support from tourist companies. At the same time, tourists are being encouraged to respect not only the countryside they visit but also its people. The way tourism is handled in the next ten years will decide its fate and that of the countries we all want to visit. Their needs and problems are more important than those of the tourist companies. Increased understanding in planning world-wide tourism can preserve the market for these companies. If not, in a few years’ time the very things that attract tourists now may well have been destroyed.
C Interactive Home-security Systems Tarik Celebi, who lives in San Francisco suburb, takes his home-security system with him to work, to dinner, just about anywhere．By his cell phone, he "arms" his
home-security alarm from his car before he leaves for work．During his workday, he gets e-mail alerts every time his front door opens, even though he's miles away．If the door opens at an unusual time ---say midday when no one should be coming or going --- he can order a 30-second video clip from the camera that watches the door．If it's just his mother-in-law getting a package delivery, no worries． Celebi is one of the first users of the latest interactive home-security systems．In addition to sounding alarms when the house is broken into and notifying homeowners or police, as traditional systems do, the interactive systems give users new ways to remotely control their systems and their home environment．Different from traditional home-security alarms, which homeowners typically have to press buttons on a keypad to turn on before they leave their homes, the interactive systems enable consumers to arm and disarm systems from smart phones, iPads and PCs, no matter where they are． Most traditional systems are set up to sound an alarm if doors or windows are opened． The interactive systems give homeowners more options．For example, users can elect when they want to be notified．They might want an e-mail or a text every time a door is opened, or only during the hours of 3 to 4 p．m．, when kids come home from school．Like Celebi, they can add cameras and get video clips when doors open．That could be helpful in making sure kids aren't bringing friends home when they're not supposed to． Nationwide, about 20% of homes have traditional home-security systems．About half stop using them because they tire of the trouble．Being able to arm systems even while dashing to the subway or while at work will increase their usage of the new interactive systems ． Although the new functions add costs to home security, the
interactive-systems are believed to push home-security systems' usage rates closer to 30%, which would be a big movement for an industry that's been largely stuck at 20% for the past decade．"We all know it's going to get bigger, though we don't know how long it's going to take," Eric Taylor, an officer from San Francisco Security Department says． 63. What may Celebi first do if his front door opens at a wrong time when he is away?
A. Inform the police． C. Arm the security alarm．
B. Call his mother-in-law． D. Observe through video．
64. The interactive systems enable the user to ______. A. improve his home environment remotely B. lock his house's door while he is miles away C. operate the home-security systems at any place D. stop some friends of kids from entering automatically 65. What's the advantage of the interactive systems over the traditional ones? A. They are cheaper. C. They can give quicker reaction． up. 66. What is the last paragraph mainly about? A. The importance of security industry. B. The functions of the interactive alarms. C. The popularity of home-security systems. D. The market potential of the interactive systems. B. They have more ways to inform the users. D. They are easier to set
D Amazingly, US crime figures have been falling for 20 years now. Of course, the big question is, why? And can any lessons be learnt? One reason could be the fall in the demand for the drug crack. During the 1980s, drug-related crimes soared, mostly caused by desperate crack users. However, according to professor Blumstein, co-author of The Crime Drop in America, news of the dangers of crack use caused its decrease and led to a fall in the number of drug-related crimes. Some say that the adoption of a zero-tolerance policy in many cities has helped lead to a fall in crime. In New York City, for example, mayor Rudy Giuliani imposed strict and automatic punishments for all crimes, including minor offences such as graffiti and littering. Many believe this has had a very strong deterrent effect.
Another reason could be smarter policing strategies. Anti-theft measures and educating the community about car theft has helped see a drop in crimes in many areas. Also, the use of crime mapping schemes that can discover identify crime peaks in different parts of the city has helped police target hotspots. Another reason could be that more criminals are now behind bars. Sociologist John Conklin (from Tufts University) says a significant factor behind the fall in crime in the 1990s is the simple fact that many criminals are in jail. In his book Why Crime
Rages Fell, he says sentencing was merciful in the 1960s and 1970s, when crime rose.
But then more prisons were built and more offenders were imprisoned. Some have linked the fall in violent crime to a decline in children’s exposure to lead in petrol. Jessica Wolpaw Reyes says, “Even low to moderate levels of exposure can lead to behavioral problems, reduced IQ, hyperactivity and youth crimes. You can link the decline in lead between 1975 and 1985 to a decline in violent crime 20 years later.” Others say that the drop in crime has something to do with birth rates. According to statistics, birth rates peaked between 1957 and 1961, and the proportion of men in the US in their late teens and early 20s (the so-called “criminal age”) was highest in the late 70s and early 80s. However, as time went on, the proportion of people in this age group decreased. Others claim that videogames have helped. A recent study has suggested that these games are keeping young people off the streets and therefore away from crime. Advocates of this argue that any effects the games may have in encouraging violent behavior is offset by the fact that the games keep potential criminals indoors and in front of the television. Some argue that the widespread use of camera phones makes some criminals think twice before committing a crime and getting filmed doing it. Also, many believe that the mass use of CCTV has also had an effect. Finally, some say that petty theft just isn’t worth it any more. The resale value of second-hand goods such as televisions, cameras or clothes is now so low (or even non-existent) that most people see no point in stealing.
So, what do you think? 67. “Why Crime Rates Fell” is mentioned in the article to tell readers that ______. A. drug crack can be extremely dangerous B. crime mapping schemes help the police discover criminals C. criminals should be strictly sentenced D. children shouldn’t be allowed to contact lead 68. The underlined words “deterrent” in paragraph 3 most probably means ______. A. ambiguous B. contradictory C. encouraging D. frightening
69. Which of the following statements can NOT be concluded from the article? A. Drug abuse may have something to do with high crime rates. B. The young are more likely to commit crimes than the poor. C. The widespread use of cameras is helpful to reducing crime rates. D. The possible effects of games encouraging violence are partly countered. 70. By writing this article, the writer intends to tell us ______. A. the amazing fact that US crime figures are going down B. the recent statistics showing that crime rates are falling in the US C. the answers to the question why US crime figures are falling D. the special policies adopted by the US police that help a drop in crime 第二卷 （共 35 分） 第四部分：写作 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 任务型读写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注 意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Throw the bottles and boxes of drugs out of your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Yoga on a regular basis. Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Yoga. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our
material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors (肿瘤). We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some “everyday complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin; when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. How about a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Yoga, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. Its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe. In quantum (量子) physics, energy is recognized as the fundamental substance (物质) which the universe consists of. Yoga depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained. Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Yoga make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy (化疗), losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take. Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is recognized at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the medicines these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings. Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries. We should definitely start learning Yoga and avoid illnesses before it is too late. Title: Health and Healing at Your Fingertips (1) ▲ to a new theory A new theory argues that doing Yoga (2) ▲ can keep people
healthy while medicine might do (3) ▲ to people’s health. ● People should (4) ▲ medicine as it is very useful for killing pain. ● Medicine is effective and scientifically proven while Support of medical Yuga is a kind of spiritual method and doing Yoga is only treatment a (5) ▲ of time. ● Illnesses (6) ▲ HIV/AIDS and cancer can only be treated with drugs. ● Doing Yoga is safer and not as (7) ▲ as taking medicine. ● Most of the medicines that patients with some (8) ▲ diseases use are to ease their pain and their sufferings but can not cure them. Support of Yoga ● Yoga has no side effects and also there is a (9) ▲ explanation. It can restore the energy flow in people’s bodies, which can (10) ▲ our emotions, control thoughts, overcome the hardships of life, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 随着电脑普及率的提高，老师、家长和学生对字迹的重视程度降低了。据一项调查显 示，有 85.8%的中学生说自己的字迹不好看，而他们又不想改善字迹，其理由各异。请根据 下图写一篇英文短文，说明该现象并发表自己的看法。
注意：1.可参照图中文字及下面文章开头所给提示，作适当发挥。 2. 词数 150 左右。开头已经写好，不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 Nowadays, with the growing popularity of computers, teachers, students and their parents are paying less and less attention to handwriting.
2015 秋高三英语周练 1 试题参考答案