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牛津高中英语Unit 3, M11,Grammar and Usage课件


Unit 3, M11

die Euphemism A euphemism is usually a polite way to say something embarrassing or unpleasant. To make a euphemism, you replace words that are considered harsh,blunt or offensive with other words that are less direct or more vague.

1. We often use euphemism to express taboo or very sensitive subjects. His grandfather passed away last week. The funeral will be held this Friday. to die “Pass away” means_________________.
When Sinclair joined in 1959, membership was falling, and the society was on its last legs. “On one’s last legs” means ________________ near a state of _______________________________________. collapse or death.

Last year, my father set up a club for Senior Citizens. Once a week, they meet up and play cards. an old person “Senior Citizen” means _________________. The school is for people who are physically challenged. people with “physically challenged” means____________ a physical disability. ______________________________________.

He was only 14 years old and was already a juvenile delinquent. He would spend his next 10 years in prison. a young “a juvenile delinquent” means__________ person who has committed a crime ____________________________________. 2.We often use euphemism to raise the status of someone or something. The sanitary workers cleaned the hospital. a person who “Sanitary worker” means_______________ cleans dirty places ________________________________.

Clive Sinclair is the man who brought technology to the man in the street. ordinary working “the man in the street” means _______________ class people _________________________________________.

My father has a lot of free time because he is between jobs at the moment. unemployed “between jobs” means______________________ _________________________________________.

3.We often use euphemism to indicate situations not fit to express directly in public. I am just going to wash my hands. to go to the toilet “wash one’s hands” means ________________. The film was famous for having the highest body count of any war film. the number of dead bodies “body count” means_______________________ found at a scene ________________________________________. The murderer would spend the rest of his life in The city’s correctional facility. “Correctional facility” means ______. a prison

I'm goin' to answer the natural call. I'm goin' to make some water . I'm gonna pee.

The boy is a bit slow for his age. (The boy is stupid.)

He is a bicycle doctor. He mends bicycles.

Nowadays many weight-watchers would like to go to the gym. 如今有不少胖人喜欢到健身房去锻炼。

Social diseases are on the increase in Hong Kong. 香港的性病比以往增多了。

P41. A. Answers: 1.body count 2.protective custody 3.being economical with the truth 4.a confidential source 5.passed away 6.golden years 7.senior citizens 8.downsizing 9.sanity workers B. Answers: 1.c 2.b 3.a 4.f 5.g 6.e 7.h 8.d

He is not a grave man until he is a grave man.

grave有两个含义,一个是“严肃的”(形容词),一个是“坟墓 (名词),因此这句话的意思是:他不是一个严肃的人,除非 他躺到坟墓里,才能严肃起来。

They pray for you today and prey on you tomorrow. 他们今天为你祈祷,明天就会加害于你。


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