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人教版高中英语必修三Unit1Reading阅读课件


Unit 1 Reading

FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS

Read the explanation and speak out the word it explains.

to (cause to) become very weak or die because there is not enough food to eat vi. & vt. (使)饿死;饿得要死 starve
a person related to you who lived a long time ago n. 祖先;祖宗 ancestor a person who writes poems n. 诗人 poet an action which is intended to deceive, either as a way of cheating someone, or as a joke or form of entertainment n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 trick vt. 欺骗;诈骗

the ability to live your life without being helped or influenced by other people n. 独立;自主 independence adj. 独立的;自主的 independent relating to religion adj. 宗教上的;虔诚的 religious to get something that is useful, that gives you an advantage vt. 获得;得到 gain a special social event, such as a party, when you celebrate something, or the act of celebrating something n. 庆祝;祝贺 celebration

the feeling of being certain that something exists or is true n. 信任;信心;信仰 belief farming n. 农业;农艺;农学 agriculture adj. 农业的;农艺的 agricultural having or involving a lot of energy adj. 充满活力的;积极的 energetic a day on which a religious event or person is remembered and celebrated n. 节日;盛宴 feast the beginning or cause of something n. 起源;由来;起因 origin

to collect several things, often from different places or people vt. & vi. & n. 搜集;聚集 gather a way of behaving or a belief which has been established for a long time n. 习惯;风俗 custom to respect and approve of someone or their behaviour, or to find someone or something attractive and pleasant to look at vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕 admire

a prize or a sum of money that is given to someone following an official decision n. 奖;奖品 vt. 授予;判定 award a person or an animal that hunts animals for food or for sport n. 猎人 hunter someone who believes in and follows the teachings of Jesus Christ n. 基督徒;信徒 adj. 基督教的;信基督教的 Christian a Christian religious holiday to celebrate Jesus Christ's return to life after he was killed n. (耶稣)复活节 Easter

Match in memory of dress up play a trick on look forward to day and night as though have fun with 期盼;期待;盼望 搞恶作剧;开玩笑 纪念;追念 盛装;打扮;装饰 好像 玩得开心 日夜;昼夜;整天

Skimming to get general ideas

Reading Tips
在阅读每个段落时,要注 意综合运用略读(skimming) 与扫读(scanning)这两种方 法。

通过略读把握文章大意 略读(skimming)只看文章标题、下标 题以及每个部分或者段落第一行, 关注文 章中反复出现的关键词。 略读时, 要用充足的时间读懂段落的 第一句和第二句, 因为第一句往往是该段 的主题句(topic sentence), 而第二句往往 是对前句的延伸(extension)或进一步的 解释(explanation)。

通过扫读寻找特定信息或特定词组 运用扫读(scanning)迅速浏览从第三 句开始的后面部分, 搜寻作者对开头两句 的支持句(supporting sentences), 并同时注 意文章中间是否有转折(transition), 因为 这些词常常会把文章的思路逆转或加入其 它重要的信息。当读到段落的最后一句时, 我们又要使用略读, 这时必须再次放慢速 度(slow down your pace)直到完全消化作 者对段落的小结(conclusion), 因为该小结 有可能与主题句截然相反或引导读者进入 下一个段落。

Skimming

Reading Comprehension I 1. How many kinds of today’s festivals are mentioned in the passage? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six. 2. The beginning of festivals of the dead is related to _______. A. religion B. seasons C. special people D. hunting

Scanning to get detail information

scanning

Reading Comprehension II
1. The ancient people needn’t worry about their food. 2. Halloween is a festival intended to honour the dead. 3. To honor the great poet Qu Yuan, people celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival. 4. Mid-Autumn Festival is held to celebrate the end of autumn. 5. Easter celebrates the birth of Jesus.

T or F

scanning

Reading Comprehension III 1. Which of the following are not mentioned in the passage? A. Carnival and Columbus Day. B. Halloween and Spring Festivals. C. Thanksgiving Festivals and Obon. D. Valentine’s Day and Fool’s Day. 2. At festivals people can do all the following except _______. A. forget their work for a little while B. enjoy life C. travel around the world D. be proud of their customs

scanning

Reading Comprehension IV Fill in the following chart. Kinds of Festivals Names of Countries Festivals Festivals of the Dead Festivals to Honour People Harvest Festivals Spring Festivals

Festivals

Names of Countries Festivals Festivals of Obon Japan the Dead Day of the Dead Mexico Halloween some Western countries Festivals to Dragon Boat China Honour Festival People USA Columbus Day festival to honor India Gandhi

Harvest Festivals

harvest/ Thanksgiving festivals mid-autumn festivals

European and other countries China and Japan

Spring Festivals

Spring Festival Easter and related holidays Cherry Blossom Festival

China some Western countries
Japan

Detailed Reading

Ancient Festivals
Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the ____ weather planting in cold _______, ______ and harvest in _______. Today’s spring autumn festivals have many origins some ______, ________, some seasonal and some religious for special ______ or ______. people events

Festivals of the Dead
How do Japanese honour their ancestors? They have a festival called Obon, when people should go to clean the graves and light incense to honour their ancestors. They light lamps and play music.

Obon in Japan

What do people in Mexico do in memory of the dead? They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead on the Day of the Dead. People eat certain food on that day.

The Day of the Dead in Mexico

What do people in Western countries do in memory of the dead? They used to believe in the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children’s festival, when they dress as witches and ghosts and go to their neighbour’s homes to ask for sweets.

pumpkin head

mask

Halloween in Western countries

Compare the festivals of the dead in Mexico, Japan and China. What things are similar and what things are different? The Chinese, Japanese and Mexican festivals of the dead all have customs to honour the dead. The Chinese and Japanese go to clean their ancestors’ graves, and the Mexicans offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. However, there are some differences. The Mexicans eat special food that looks like bones, something the Chinese and Japanese do not do.

Festivals to Honour People Match the festivals with the proper people.

National Festival The Dragon Boat Columbus on October 2 Festival Day

China

USA

India

Harvest Festivals People will ________ on Thanksgiving festivals. 1. decorate churches and town halls 2. get together to have meals 3. win awards for their farm produce

Compared with Thanksgiving festivals in Western countries, what different activities do China and Japan have in mid-autumn festivals? People admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes.

Spring Festivals What do people usually do at spring festivals? At spring festivals, people usually have dances, carnivals and other activities to celebrate the end of winter and the coming of spring.

What does Easter celebrate? It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life.
Do you know the symbols of Easter? Easter eggs and Easter Bunnies.

Do you know the date of Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival? March 15 - April 15

Quiz

I. Retell the text by filling the following blanks. There are all kinds of festivals and ___________ around the world, which are held for different reasons. The _______ ________ were mainly held at three times a year. Some festivals are held to _____ the dead or satisfy the _________ in case they might return either to help or to ____ ____, while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as

______ _____ ______ and Columbus Day. Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are happy events because the food is _________ for the winter and the __________work is over. And the most ________ and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the ______ of spring, such as the ______ New Year, at which people have a very good time. Some Western countries have very exciting ______. Festivals let us enjoy ____.

Answer: There are all kinds of festivals and ___________ around the world, which are celebrations held for different reasons. The _______ ancient ________ were mainly held at three times a festivals year. Some festivals are held to ______ the honor dead or satisfy the _________ in case they ancestors might return either to help or to ___ harm do _____, while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as

_______ Boat Festival and Columbus Day. Dragon _____ ______ Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are gathered happy events because the food is _________ for the winter and the ___________work is agricultural over. And the most _________ and energetic important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming Lunar ______ of spring, such as the ______ New Year, at which people have a very good time. Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals ________. Festivals let us enjoy ____. life

II. Complete the following sentences with proper words. 1. Don’t send the man any money — it might be a ________ (诡计). trick 2. I _________ (钦佩) the young man for his admire(d) success in business. 3. Each morning, a group of elderly women gather ________(聚集) at the park singing songs. 4. Many of his ideas have g______ popular ained support. 5. “I think I’d like something less e________,” said the old man. nergetic

6. The timely ________ (arrive) of the arrival teacher prevented the situation from becoming worse. 7. It is my _______ (believe) that we will find belief a cure for cancer in the next ten years. 8. A wedding is an occasion for c_________. elebration 9. She has been __________ (award) a awarded scholarship to study at Harvard. 10. We ________(钦佩) him for his admire righteousness (正直).

III. Translation. 1. At that time people would starve (人们就 _________________ 会挨饿) if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 2. For the Japanese festival Obon, people ______ ______________________ (人们要扫墓) should go to clean graves and light incense ____________ (纪念) in memory of their ancestors. 3. At the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may ____ give children lucky money ___________________ (给孩子们压岁钱).

4. Several days later, the rich man ________ decided _________________ (决定去捉弄) Avanty. to play a trick on 5. The girls all ________________________ dressed up to take part in (打扮好去参加) the New Year’s party. 6. My mother nursed me ________________ day and night for ___________ (三天三夜). three days as though he was an 7. He likes to talk big __________________ important person _______________ (就仿佛他是一位要人 似的). look forward to the return of spring 8. We _______________________________ (期待着春天的到来).

Homework 1. Read the passage again and review the new words and expressions. 2. 发挥想象,连词成文(50-100字). religious, in memory of, belief, custom, look forward to, admire, as though, celebration, play a trick on, ancestor, award, dress up.

Words and expressions

1.mean mean sb to do sth 有让某人做某事的意思 be meant to do sth 意在做。。应该做。。。 I never meant him to work for us. 我从来没有让他为我们工作的意思 ※mean to do sth 打算做某事 meant to have done sth 本打算做某事 mean doing 意味着。。。

2。动词不定式做补语,用主动表被动 n + be +adj+to do (vt) n+ be +adj +to do +prep (vi) The problem is hard to solve. The work is impossible to finish next month. Tom is pleasant to work with . ※常见的用主动形式表示被动意义的形式 (1) 句中主语和动词不定式之间有逻辑上的主 谓关系,且不定式和被修饰词之间存在逻辑上 的动宾关系时:(不定式做定语)

I have masses of work to do . She gave me a pen to write with. 但主语和不定式之间不存在主谓关系时,不定式 用被动式 --- I’m going to do some shopping , do you have anything to be bought. --- No, thanks a lot . (2) Need / want / require doing sth to be done

(3) 某些可用来表示主语内在“品质”或“性能” 的及物动词,如:lock, shut, wash , sell, print 等,转化为不及物动词,且与副词连用,并多 用于否定句中,可用主动形式表示被动意义 The door won’t shut. 这扇门关不上 The food sells well. 这种食物很畅消

3。in the shape of “以。。。的形状”在句中作 表语,状语,补足语或后置定语 The little cake is in the shape of a panda. The little boy likes to eat bread in the shape of a little bird.

4. be covered with 被。。。覆盖。。 The furniture was covered with dust . be filled with 装满 be crowded with 挤满 be occupied with 被。。。占据(从事) be armed with 装备着。。。 be dotted with 点缀着。。。


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