注意事项： 1.本试卷分为四部分，第一部分的第一节和第二节、第二部分和第三部分为选择题， 第一部分的第三节和第四部分为非选择题。本试卷共 8 页。满分 100 分，考试时间 90 分 钟。 2. 所有答案在答题卡作答，在本试卷和草稿纸上作答无效。答题前请仔细阅读答题 卡上的“注意事项” ，按照“注意事项”的规定答题
。 3. 做选择题时，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡 皮擦擦干净后，再选涂其它答案。 4. 考试结束后，请将本试卷与答题卡一并收回
第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节，满分 35 分)
第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 21. The old woman walks her dog after ______ supper every day. A. the B. an C. 不填 D. a 22. I don’t think possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. A. that B. this C. it D. one 23. It’s the second time that I______ in Beijing. A. am B. have been C. had been D. was 24. —How about seeing a film this afternoon? —____ I haven’t seen any for a year. A. No chance B. Go ahead C. Why not? D. My pleasure 25. While______ out of the window, I saw my father walking the dog in the garden. A. look B. looks C. looking D. looked 26. He ______ go to the party yesterday evening though it rained heavily. A. was able to B. could C. should D. might 27. Please tell me ______ you are getting on with your new classmates. A. whether B. what C. where D. How 28. ––I went to your house yesterday afternoon, but you were not in. ––Oh, I ______ at office then. A. work B. have worked C. was working D. had worked 29. Tommy has made up his mind to get a seat for the concert ___it means standing in a queue all night. A. now that B. so that C. even if D. as if 30. If you carry on working like this, you’ll ______ sooner or later.
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A. look down B. put down C. cut down D. break down 31. He has made _______ progress this term than before. A. many B. more C. fewer D. much 32. You ’d better start early, for the work is not easy _______. A. finishing B. to finish C. finishes D. finished 33. It may rain. So you’d better take an umbrella just ______. A. for example B. by chance C. on purpose D. in case 34. We raised two ways to solve the problem, but ______ worked. A. either B. neither C. both D. none 35 You can learn the way _____the top students deal with their study in the lecture. A. 不填 B. which C. on which D. with which 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was December, there was endless card writing and shopping. I was too 36 to appreciate the true meaning of Christmas. But it was an 37 season for Nicholas, my six-year-old son. For weeks, he’d been practising 38 his school’s coming Winter Show. Busy as I was, I was not willing to miss his shining moment. I 39 to arrive at the show ten minutes early. I looked around, and saw some parents sitting quietly on their seats. The Winter Show was filled with songs of reindeer ( 驯 鹿 ), Santa Claus, and 40 . When my son’s class came on stage, I watched as they 41 began their performance. Nicholas and his 42 were wearing red sweaters and bright caps. Those in the front row 43 large letters, one by one, to spell out the title of the song. As the class 44 ―C is for Christmas,‖ a child would hold up the letter C. 45 , ―H is for Happy,‖ and on and on, until each child held up his or her letter and 46 the complete message, ―Christmas Love.‖ The performance was going on, until 47 , we noticed there was something wrong. A 48 , quiet girl was holding the letter M, upside-down! The audience of children began to 49 and laugh at this little one’s mistakes. But she had no idea they were 50 at her and stood straight, proudly holding her letter which appeared as W. The laughter continued 51 many teachers tried to stop them. It continued until the last letter was raised, and in surprise, we all saw it. 52 came over the audience. In that instant, we finally 53 the reason why we were there, why we celebrated 54 in the first place: there was a purpose for it. For, when the last letter was held high, 55 read loud and clear, ―CHRIST WAS LOVE.‖ And, I believe, He still is. 36. A. free B. busy C. sad D. happy 37. A. amazing B. upsetting C. encouraging D. exciting 38. A. to B. for C. over D. from
2014 年 5 月学考英语试题一 第 2 页 共 7 页
39. A. managed 40. A. rain 41. A. proudly 42. A. brothers 43. A. put down 44. A. raised 45. A. Here 46. A. presented 47. A. finally 48. A. small 49. A. argue 50. A. staring 51. A. although 52. A. Anger 53. A. enjoyed 54. A. Halloween 55. A. the song
B. tried B. snow B. curiously B. teachers B. brought forward B. shouted B. Then B. read B. suddenly B. fat B. whisper B. crying B. whether B. Happiness B. missed B. Thanks Giving B. the letter
C. attempted C. wind C. anxiously C. parents C. held up C. sang C. Now C. wrote C. luckily C. big C. smile C. laughing C. after C. Noise C. understood C. New Year C. the purpose
D. failed D. fog D. bravely D. classmates D. passed on D. lowered D. There D. hid D. naturally D. thin D. clap D. aiming D. unless D. Silence D. admitted D. Christmas D. the message
第三部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节 (共 10 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 20 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A A story from the Bible tells of old Babylon, where the men decided to build a tower that would touch the sky． But God was unhappy, and he made them speak different languages． They couldn’t understand each other, so their dream never came true． Yet the dream remains alive: if all men speak the same language, they can do anything. L.L.Zamenhof from Poland was among the men who pursue this dream． He developed Esperanto（世界语）between 1877 and 1885． As the most successful man-made world language, it is spoken by over two million people around the world．Last month, the World Esperanto Congress（大会）, dealing with language rights, ended in Sweden．The 2004 conference was held in Beijing．Most Esperanto speakers are in Central and Eastern Europe and in East Asia, particularly Chinese mainland． Esperanto has two advantages． First, it’s easy． Each letter has exactly one sound and there are just 16 basic grammar rules． The second advantage is that it belongs to no one country． But Esperanto has only reached a small number of people compared with natural languages widely used around the world-such as English or Chinese． While these languages are deeply connected with their nations and cultures, Esperanto doesn’t have this background．
2014 年 5 月学考英语试题一 第 3 页 共 7 页
Will Esperanto really become a global language? It remains a question． 56. The writer tells us a story at the beginning to______． A．explain why men have been making the effort to create a language shared by all B．explain why men now speak different languages C．show the relationship between man and God D．prove that language is very important 57. What does the underlined word ―pursue‖ in the second paragraph mean? A．―Realize‖． B．―Work for‖． C．―Be against‖． D．―Follow‖ 58. What is the basic difference between Esperanto and English? A．More people speak English than Esperanto． B．Esperanto words are easier to spell． C．Esperanto has fewer grammar rules． D．Esperanto is not supported by any country or culture． 59 .What does the story mainly talk about? A．Advantages and disadvantages of Esperanto． B．Men’s dream of sharing the same language． C．The most successful planned language-Esperanto． D．Comparison of Esperanto and other languages like English and Chinese． 60. Which is RIGHT, according to the passage ? A. Esperanto is very popular all over the world. B. Esperanto is based on language in Poland. C. Esperanto is rooted in its nation and culture. D. Esperanto is a man-made language. B Not everyone goes to university after high school graduation. Some work, others join the army and an increasing number worldwide are taking a ―gap year‖ to travel or do community service, in their own countries or abroad. They are studying sharks off the Australian coast, building schools in Mexico and learning Spanish or Italian. The concept of a gap year may not be new, but the recent surge(涌现) of interest certainly is. Some students are putting off admissions （入学） . Others, who don’t get into the college of their choice, are taking a year to explore new fields before reapplying. Students are choosing to take a short break; they are thinking. They are not sure what they are going to do. They are going and exploring some of their interests. They are getting experience they can take to the school they finally go to. It is an idea actively encouraged by colleges. Princeton University has just launched a ―bridge year‖ program that will send 10 percent of its incoming class to do volunteer work abroad, starting in 2009. And the Harvard has spent the last 30 years urging incoming students to take a gap year.
2014 年 5 月学考英语试题一 第 4 页 共 7 页
―Many speak of their year away as a ‘life-altering’(改变生活的) experience or a ‘turning point’ ‖says Harvard admissions director Marlyn Lewis. ― Many come to college with new opinions about their academic plans, their extracurricular(课外的) interests and the career possibilities they observed in their year away.‖ 61. The reason why some take a gap year is the following EXCEPT that____. A. they hate studying C. they want to get experience A. travel C. do community service A. take another year off C. be refused by his college 64. We can infer ____. A. more and more students will take a gap year B. fewer and fewer colleges will encourage his students to take a gap year C. the gap year can only give one some experience about society D. nobody will change his interests after the gap year 65. What’s the best title for the passage? A. University life B. A Gap Year C. Admission Delay D. A Short Break B. they don’t know what to do D. they need the time to get to know their real interests B. join the army D. learn a foreign language B. earn a lot of money D. have new ideas about their future career
62. A student won’t ________ in a gap year.
63. After a gap year, one would probably_______.
第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 The World Bank, the United Nations and the London School of Health and Medicine did a study on hand-washing around the world. 66 They said that hand-washing with soap could be among the most effective ways to reduce infectious (传染) disease. 67 This is because hand-washing destroys germs (细菌) from other people, animals or objects a person has touched. When people get germs on their hands, they can infect themselves by touching their eyes, nose or mouth. Then these people can infect other people. According to the experts, the easiest way to catch a cold is to touch your nose or eyes after someone nearby has sneezed or coughed. 68 Hand-washing is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet. The experts say it is also a good idea to wash your hands after handling
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money and after sneezing or coughing. 69 The most effective way to wash your hands is to rub them together while using soap and warm water. Be sure to rub all areas of the hands for about ten to fifteen seconds. 70 . Then put your hands under running water and dry them.
A. Experts say you must stay away from those who fall ill. B. They found that 1,000,000 lives could be saved each year if people washed their hands with soap often. C. And it is especially important when someone in your home is sick. D. Doctors say many diseases can be prevented by hand-washing. E. The rubbing action helps remove germs. F. Remember to wash your hands before eating. G. Another way to become sick is to eat with dirty hands.
第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分 15 分)
第一节 短文填空（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 在短文的空白处填入合适的单词, 使短文意义完整, 逻辑通顺。每空只填一词。答案写在 答题卡上的指定位置。 English has changed about AD 450 and 1150 more on German 74 71 73 time. At first 72 English spoken in England between
very different from the English spoken today. It was based
the English we speak at present. Gradually, English became more like 75 ruled England spoke first Danish and later French.
German because those
71. over 72. the 73. was 74. than 75. who 第二节 书面表达 (满分 10 分) 76.有些青少年为了显得更酷或更成熟而染上吸烟的坏习惯。针对这种现象，并为配 合英语教学，你校决定举办一次英语征文活动，宣传吸烟的危害，倡导同学们远离香烟。 请你根据以下提示写一篇短文。 要点如下： 1. 损害心肺，易致癌； 2. 气味难闻；影响他人健康； 3. 一旦上瘾，很难戒掉。 注意： 1. 可适当加入细节，以使行文连贯。 2. 字数 80 词左右(开头已给出，不计入总词数)。
2014 年 5 月学考英语试题一 第 6 页 共 7 页
第一部分 听力（共三节; 每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节; 每小题 1 分，满分 35 分） 21. D 22. C 23. B 24. C 25. C 26. A 27. D 28. C 29. C 30. D 31. B 32. B 33. D 34. B 35. A 36. B 37. D 38. B 39. A 40. B 41. A 42. D 43. C 44. C 45. B 46. A 47. B 48. A 49. B 50. C 51. A 52. D 53. C 54. D 55. D 第三部分 阅读理解（共两节; 每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 56. A 57. B 58. D 59. C 60. D 61. A 62. B 63. D 64. A 65. B 66. B 67. D 68. G 69. C 70. E 第四部分 写作 (共两节; 满分 15 分) 第一节 短文填空（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 71. over 72. the 73. was 74. than 75. who 第二节 书面表达（满分 10 分） One possible version: One possible version There are many adolescents who smoke. They think they look cool or appear more grown-up while smoking. In fact, smoking is a bad habit. If you smoke, it has bad effects on your health. It does harm to your heart and lungs, which might eventually lead to cancer. Cigarette smoke also affects the health of non-smokers. Besides, your breath and even clothes smell terrible. Further more, once you become addicted to smoking, it is really hard to quit. So, for the benefit of yourself and others, do not get into the bad habit of smoking.
2014 年 5 月学考英语试题一 第 7 页 共 7 页