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2014, 2015学年第二学期期中考试试题


华南师范大学中山附属中学

命题人:游晓梦、张义佼

审题人:卢春华

考试时间: 2015 年 5 月 24 日

2014-2015 学年第二学期期中考试 高二年级英语试卷
(本试卷满分 150 分。考试时间 140 分钟。 )

第一部分 听说考试(共 15 分)双语报 40 期(答案见 41 期)
Part B 角色扮演(共 8 分) Q1 你会到哪里去采购礼物呢? Q2 你买过不好的东西吗? Q3 你有足够的钱买礼物吗? A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 Part C 故事复述(共 7 分) 故事梗概:一天晚上,我冒雨回家之后发烧了,妈妈带我去看病,让我感受到了深深的母爱。 关键词: fever(发烧)nearby(附近的)struggle(奋力)medicine(药)recover(康复)

And “every dog has its day” means each person has good luck sometimes. To describe a person’s serious illness, they say “sick as a dog”. The word “dog-tired” means very tired. However, Chinese love cats very much. But in western culture, “cat” is often used to describe a woman who is cruel. There are many other examples of how “cat” is used differently as well. The rose is regarded as a symbol of love in both China and some western countries. People think the rose stands for love, peace, courage and friendship. And the rose is the national flower of England, America and many other countries. The words about plants and animals are used in positive or negative ways in different cultures. We can learn about many differences in cultures by comparing how some words are used. 1. “Every dog has its day.” means “________”. A. Everybody in the world is lucky. B. Each person lives his own way of life. C. Everybody has a time in life to be lucky. D. If one works hard, he is sure to succeed. 2. Western people usually use “cat” to refer to “________”. A. un unkind woman B. a brave man C. a homeless person D. a tired person 3. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Chinese people prefer dogs to cats. B. Words show differences in culture. C. Western people think cats to be good friends. D. Rose is the national flower of all western countries. 4. What’s the best title for the passage? A. Negative and Positive Words B. What Dog and Cat Mean in English and Chinese C. Rose Means the Same in Chinese and English D. Different Countries Have Different Cultures 1~4: CABD B During my high school years, the most important thing was what I was wearing to the Friday night dance and who I was taking. Although college was talked about, it was the least of my worries. When I was graduating eighth grade and starting high school, my older brother was graduating twelfth grade and going onto college. For my graduation, he gave me a card in which he wrote, “Enjoy your four years…, they go by fast.” I remember not believing him then, but looking back…, he was right. Those four years shaped who I was as a person, pushed me to my limit and encouraged me to become an adult. However, I was so completely absorbed in my junior and senior years of high school, that when someone spoke of college I brushed it off. I wasn't ready to leave my comfort zone of having all of my closest friends together and knowing what every single day was going to be like. Studying was something I did only AFTER I nailed my half-time dance performance. I knew my parents wanted me to go to college, so I told them I would go to community college and I didn’t worry about my SAT scores. When my senior year passed and everyone graduated and went off to their own college, I started
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第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A As we know, there are differences between western culture and Chinese culture. We can see differences when we pay attention to the way words are used. Let’s look at the words about animals and plants. Most expressions in Chinese about the dog, for example, “a homeless dog”, “a mad dog”, “a running dog” and “a dog catching a mouse”, have negative meanings. In English, people use the dog to describe positive actions. For example, “you are a lucky dog” means you are a lucky person.
高三年级英语科目试卷

华南师范大学中山附属中学

命题人:游晓梦、张义佼

审题人:卢春华

考试时间: 2015 年 5 月 24 日

to wish I had done the same. My friends were living away, meeting new people, discovering new places, and I was living at home and driving to and from class every day. It seemed exactly like high school. I hated it! I thought college was supposed to be different! Why didn’t I take more time to research colleges and do the same? I ended up loving college and wishing I had four years to enjoy the campus atmosphere instead of two. My advice to anyone thinking about attending college is to think about it very seriously and look into all of your choices well ahead of time. Now I have graduated and I am working full time and I would do anything to go back to my high school days for a second chance! 5. Why didn’t the author worry about his SAT scores? A. He had a gift for dance. B. He wanted to go to community college. C. He was well prepared for the exam. D. He believed his brother would help him. 6. When in high school, the author _________. A. buried himself in his study all the time B. lived in the school except on holidays C. enjoyed talking about future college life D. drove to and from class every day 7. What did the author’s brother mean by “Enjoy your four years…, they go by fast.”? A. He advised the author to value the years. B. He encouraged the author to leave his comfort zone. C. He wished the author to have more dances. D. He suggested the author aim at a community college. 8. Talking of his high school years, the author feels _________. A. lonely B. regretful C. angry D. pleased 5~8: BDAB C Sorry to say, our brains naturally start slowing down at the cruelly young age of 30. It used to be thought that this couldn’t be helped, but new studies show that people of any age can train their brains to work faster. “Your brain is a learning machine”, says University of California scientist Dr. Michael Merzenich. Given the right tools, we can train our brains to act like they did when we were younger. All that’s required is the practice designed just for the purpose: a few exercises for the mind. Merzenich has developed a computer-based training method to speed up the process in which the brain deals with information. Since much of the data we receive comes through speech, the Brain Fitness Program works with language and hearing to better speed and accuracy. Over the course of training, the program starts asking you to distinguish sounds (between “dog” and “bog”, for example) at an increasingly faster speed. “It’s a bit like tennis instructor,” says Merzenich, “hitting balls at you—faster and faster to keep you challenged. You may start out slow, but before long you’re pretty quick.” The biggest finding in brain research in the last ten years is that the brain at any age is highly plastic. If you ask your brain to learn, it will learn. And it may even speed up while in the process. To keep your brain young and plastic you can do one of a million new activities that challenge and excite you: playing table tennis or bridge, doing crossword puzzles, learning a language... “When it comes to preventing aging, you really do “use it or lose it”, says Barbara Sahakian, professor at Cambridge University.
高三年级英语科目试卷

9. Dr. Merzenich’s training method mainly depends on ________. A. the information being dealt with B. computer languages C. the activities one joins in D. speech training 10. By saying “the brain at any age is highly plastic”, the writer probably means the brain can be ________. A. developed B. mastered C. used D. researched 11. Which of the following agrees with the writer’s idea? A. The training methods work better for the old. B. The training of the brain should start at an early age. C. People should use the brain to stop it from aging. D. It’s necessary to take part in as many activities as possible. 9~11: DAC D “I will never marry,” Elizabeth I declared at the age of eight, and, to the terror of her people, the Great Queen kept her word. For four centuries, historians have guessed why Elizabeth never married. In her own day, her decision to remain single was considered absurd and dangerous. A queen needed a husband to make political decisions for her and to organize and lead her military campaigns. More importantly, she needed male heirs(继承人)to avoid a civil war after her death. There was no shortage of suitors(求婚者)for the Queen, both English courtiers(朝臣)and foreign princes, and it was confidently expected for the best part of 30 years that Elizabeth would eventually marry one of them. Indeed, although she insisted that she preferred the single state, she kept these suitors in a state of permanent expectation. This was a deliberate policy on the Queen's part, since by keeping foreign princes in hope, sometimes for a decade, she kept them friendly when they might otherwise have made war on her kingdom. There were, indeed, good political reasons for her avoiding marriage. The disastrous union of her sister Mary I to Philip II of Spain had had an unwelcome foreign influence upon English politics. The English were generally prejudiced against the Queen taking a foreign husband, particularly a Catholic one. Yet if she married an English, jealousy might lead to the separation of the court. There were other deeper reasons for Elizabeth's unwillingness to marry, chief of which, I believe, was her fear of losing her autonomy as Queen. In the 16th century, a queen was regarded as holding supreme dominion(统治权)over the state, while a husband was thought to hold supreme dominion over his wife. Elizabeth knew that marriage and motherhood would bring some harm to her power. She once pointed out that marriage seemed too uncertain a state for her. She had seen several unions in her immediate family break down, including that of her own parents. Elizabeth's father, Henry VIII, had had her mother, Anne Boleyn, killed; her stepmother Catherine Howard later suffered the same fate. When Elizabeth was 14 she was all but attracted by Admiral Thomas Seymour, who also went to the prison within a year. Witnessing these terrible events at an early age, it has been argued, may have put Elizabeth off marriage. Elizabeth had to decide her priorities. Marriage or being single? Elizabeth was far too intelligent. The choice she made was courageous and revolutionary, and, in the long run, the right one for England. 12. To the suitors including English courtiers and foreign princes, Elizabeth ________. A. held back the truth
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华南师范大学中山附属中学

命题人:游晓梦、张义佼

审题人:卢春华

考试时间: 2015 年 5 月 24 日

B. gave a definite answer “no” C. kept them expecting deliberately D. said she preferred the single state 13. If Elizabeth had married a foreign prince, there might have been ________. A. prejudice against her B. separation of the court C. jealousy among English courtiers D. a negative impact on English politics 14. Which of the following implications is TRUE according to the passage? A. Queen Elizabeth was not a Catholic. B. Some foreign princes made war on Britain. C. Catherine Howard was killed by Anne Boleyn. D. Admiral Thomas Seymour was killed by Henry VIII. 15. What is the attitude of the author towards Queen Elizabeth never marrying in her life? A. Pitiful. B. Approving. C. Negative. D. Neutral. 12~15: CDAB 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 Maybe you have heard the expression "When in Rome, do as the Romans do". So when you want to do business in France, you have to get to know French culture, to make marketing plans, and to run your business by local laws. ___16___ The French take great pride in their language, so anyone who does not speak it may run the risk of being disrespected by his French colleagues or business partners. Also, another reason why learning French is important is that it is a great way to show every possible French business partner that you care and respect their country's culture and language. The first thing that you should do when meeting someone new is to shake his hand firmly and always look the person in the eye. In social meetings with friends, kissing is common. Use first names only after being invited to. ___17___ The French will sometimes introduce themselves using their surname first, followed by their first name. Dress well. ___18___ Your business clothing is a reflection of your success and social status. Always try to be tasteful and stylish. Women are advised to dress simply but elegantly. Wearing make-up is practiced widely by business women. The French are passionate about food, so lunches are common in doing business in France, which usually consist of an appetizer, main meal with wine, cheese, dessert and coffee, and normally take up to two hours. ___19___ Do not begin eating until the host says, "bon appetite". Pass dishes to the left, keep wrists above the table and try to eat everything on the plate. ___20___ This may suggest that you find the food tasteless. If eating in a restaurant, the person who invites always pays. A. The French draw information about people based on their appearance. B. This is a time for relationship building. C. Remember to be as polite as possible. D. Language should be the focus of anyone planning to do business in France. E. Be careful with adding salt, pepper or sauces to your food.
高三年级英语科目试卷

F. Use Monsieur or Madame before the surname. G. Make an appointment with your business partner in advance. 16~20: DFABE

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分)
第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In the fall of 1985, I was a bright-eyed girl heading off to Howard University, aiming at a legal career and dreaming of sitting on a Supreme Court bench somewhere. Twenty-one years later I am still a bright-eyed _____21_____ but one with quite a(n) _____22_____ story to tell. My grandma, an amazing woman, _____23_____ from college at the age of 65. She was the first in our family to reach that _____24_____. But one year after I started college, she _____25_____ cancer. I made the choice to stop learning at college to _____26_____ her. It meant that school and my personal dream would have to _____27_____. Then I got married with another dream: building my _____28_____ with adopted children and biological(亲生的)ones. In 1999, we adopted our first son. Today eyes on him was _____29_____ and very exciting. A year later came our second adopted boy. Then _____30_____ son No.3. In 2003, I _____31_____ birth to another boy. You can imagine how _____32_____ occupied I became, raising four boys under the age of 8! Our home was a complete zoo—a joyous one. Not surprisingly, I _____33_____ did make it back to college full-time. But I never gave up on the dream, either. I _____34_____ only one choice: to find a way. That _____35_____ taking as few as one class each semester. The hardest part was feeling _____36_____ about the time I spent away from the boys. They often wanted me to stay at home with them. There certainly were times I wanted to _____37_____, but I knew I should set an example for them to follow through the rest of their lives. In 2007, I graduated from the University of North Carolina. It took me over 21 years to _____38_____ my college degree! I am not _____39_____, just single-minded. It always struck me that when you’re outside looking at a big challenge, it looks huge, but when you’re inside, it just seems normal. Everything you want won’t arrive in your life in a day. It’s a _____40_____. Remember: little steps add up to big dreams. 21. A. teacher B. housewife C. mother D. dreamer 22. A. terrible B. simple C. different D. disappointing 23. A. came B. graduated C. admitted D. entered 24. A. goal B. chance C. dream D. college 25. A. cured B. treated C. gained D. developed 26. A. talk with B. look at C. care for D. listen to 27. A. wait B. begin C. realize D. hide 28. A. house B. family C. garden D. flat 29. A. fantastic B. tiring C. hard D. busy 30. A. shared B. expected C. left D. followed 31. A. offered B. gave C. brought D. bore 32. A. partly B. particularly C. perfectly D. fully 33. A. never B. always C. sometimes D. ever
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华南师范大学中山附属中学

命题人:游晓梦、张义佼

审题人:卢春华

考试时间: 2015 年 5 月 24 日

34. A. put 35. A. meant 36. A. satisfied 37. A. explain 38. A. accept 39. A. common 40. A. process 21~40: DCBAD

B. lost C. had B. enjoyed C. seemed B. scary C. guilty B. quit C. continue B. hold C. master B. special C. famous B. change C. chance CABAD BDACA CBDBA

D. picked D. appeared D. proud D. hesitate D. get D. alone D. method

became good friend. We had common interested in basketball and often shared their experience about photographing. On weekends we played the basketball together. Now in Senior 3, we seldom play together, or we still keep in touch each other. With the entrance exam come, I'm worried about what my life will be like as we may go to different universities. But now what doesn't worry me any more because I know just as the old saying goes: Truly friendship will always live on no matter how far apart we are. My friendship with Yangqing began when we met in our school photo club. From then on we became good friends. We had common interest in basketball and often shared our experience about photographing. On weekends we played basketball together. Now in Senior 3, we seldom play together, but we still keep in touch with each other. With the entrance exam coming, I'm worried about what my life will be like as we may go to different universities. But now it doesn't worry me any more because I know just as the old saying goes: True friendship will always live on no matter how far apart we are.

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 My desk-mate admires my fluent English very much and I usually feel _____41_____ (encourage) by his compliments. One day, _____42_____ we learned the new word “eccentric” in class, we _____43_____ (ask) to make a sentence with it. I volunteered to do it by saying “My desk-mate is an eccentric boy _____44_____ clothes never fit him.” _____45_____ (hear) this, the whole class burst into _____46_____ (laugh) and my desk-mate’s face turned red. _____47_____ class, I learned from the teacher that my desk-mate would have dropped out of school if he hadn’t been helped by others. My mindless words must have hurt him _____48_____ (deep). Not until then did I realize words could be _____49_____ (power) in both positive and negative _____50_____ (way). We should avoid hurting others if we can’t always be encouraging when we speak. 41. encouraged 42. when 43. were asked 44. whose 45. Hearing 46. laughter 47. After 48. deeply 49. powerful 50. ways

第四部分 写作(共两节;满分 40 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 假设英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My friendship with Yangqing began when we meet in our school photo club. From then on we
高三年级英语科目试卷

笫二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华,是一名高中生。随着科技的发展,iPad 已成为中学生的新宠。用 iPad 既可 以听音乐,阅读纯文本电子书,又可以玩电子游戏。请你用英语给某英语报社写一封信,谈谈 中学生使用 iPad 的情况。信的内容必须包括以下几点: 1. 使用 iPad 对学习的好处; 2. 对课堂纪律和学习可能产生的负面影响; 3. 提出自己的建议并说明理由。 注意:信的开头和格式已经给出,不计入总词数。词数 120 左右。 Dear Editor, I’m a senior high school student named Li Hua. Now many students have iPads and think it’s a fashion to use them. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua Dear Editor, I’m a senior high school student named Li Hua. Now many students have iPads and thyink it’s a
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华南师范大学中山附属中学

命题人:游晓梦、张义佼

审题人:卢春华

考试时间: 2015 年 5 月 24 日

fashion to use them. Using an iPad, we can listen to music, download a lot of learning materials and read them on the screen. Apparently, it’s helpful to our study, especially to our English listening. Some students, however, bring their iPads to the classroom and listen to music without earphones, which makes the teacher and other students greatly annoyed. Some of them even waste precious time in class playing video games. In my opinion, as students, we should make good use of iPads to help achieve academic success. The classroom is a place for students to study, and therefore concentration is awfully needed for us to learn our lessons. Furthermore, the school should make a rule to guide students to use iPads in a proper way. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

高三年级英语科目试卷

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