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2013届高考英语一轮复习(广东专用)单元课件:选修8 Unit2 Cloning(新人教版)


Ⅰ.单词思忆 (一)基本单词 1.____________vt.着手;从事;承担

2.____________n.突破
3.____________vt.扔;投;掷 4.____________vt.获得;赢得

5.____________vt.获得;到达(水平、年龄、状况等)
6.____________vt.禁

止;不准

7.____________vt.& vi.积累;聚积 8.____________vt.欠(账、钱、人情等);归功于??

9.____________vi.退休;离开
10.____________vt.打扰 vi.操心 n.烦扰 11.____________vi.& vt.打;撞击;罢工 12.____________adj.虚荣的;自负的;徒劳的 13.____________adv.仅;只;不过 14.____________vt.崇拜;爱慕;喜爱

(二)派生单词 15.____________vi.不同;相异→____________adj.不同的

→____________n.不同;差异
16.____________adj.精确的;准确的→____________adv. 准确地

17.____________vi.反对;不赞成→____________n.不赞
成;反对;异议 18.____________n.媒介;手段;工具→____________pl. 媒体

19.____________ n.假定;设想→____________ vt.假定; 设想

20.____________vt.抵抗;对抗→____________n.抵抗;
对抗

Ⅱ.短语回顾 (一)根据汉语提示完成下列短语

1.得到好结果;取得成功;偿清____________
2.沮丧;不愉快____________ 3.对??有重大影响____________ 4.反对____________ 5.赞成;支持____________ 6.把??归功于____________

7.一定或注定(做)??____________ 8.使??刻骨铭心____________

9.不时;偶尔____________
10.使复生;使复活____________ 11.白费力气;枉费心机____________ 12.状况很好(坏);情况很好(坏)____________

(二)用上述短语的适当形式填空 13 . ______________I receive some junk mails , which makes me annoyed. 14.He is ____________by his not being chosen to be a volunteer of the National Games. 15.It took them three years to ____________the debt. 16.You've done so much work—you ____________pass the exam. 17.Many people in the town are now ____________a cut in tax.

Ⅲ.佳句仿练 1.The fact that she seemed to develop normally was very encouraging.(that引导同位语从句。) 让更多的学生进入大学这个观点已经提出。 → _____________________________________________________ ___________________ 2.Then came the disturbing news that Dolly had become seriously ill.(Then came...为全部倒装语序。) 然后装满物资的卡车来了。 → _____________________________________________________

___________________

3.However,scientists still wonder whether cloning will help or harm us and where it is leading us.(whether...or...无

论??还是??。)
你来与不来都不影响这个会议。 → _____________________________________________________

___________________
4.The advantage is that if there is a new illness some of these animals may die,but others will survive and pass on

the ability to resist that disease to the next generation.(The
advantage is that...“其优点是??”,that引导表语从句。)

其优点是如果你早点到的话,可以得到一份礼物。 →_________________________________________________

Ⅳ.教材活用
用适当的词填空,或用所给词的适当形式填空 Cloning is a way of 1.________(make) an exact copy of

another

animal

or

plant.Cloning

has

two

2.________(majority) uses.Firstly , gardeners use it to produce plants.Secondly,it is 3.________(value) for medical

research on animals.Cloning plants is straightforward but the
cloning of animals is more 4.________.The procedure is difficult to 5.________(undertaking) . In 1996 , scientists

succeeded in 6.________(clone) Dolly the sheep.Then came
the disturbing news that Dolly was ill.7.________Dolly lived for six and a half years,Dolly's appearance raised a storm of

8.________(object).Governments became nervous and some 9.________(forbid)research into human cloning.Scientists still 10.________(wonder) whether cloning will help or harm us and where it is leading us.

Ⅰ.1.undertake

2.breakthrough

3.cast

4.obtain

5.attain

6.forbid 7.accumulate 8.owe 9.retire 10.bother
11 . strike 12.vain 13.merely 14.adore 15.differ ; 17.object ;

different ; difference

16.exact ; exactly

objection

18.medium ; media

19.assumption ; assume

20.resist;resistance

Ⅱ.1.pay off 2.cast down to 5.in favour of

3.have a great impact on 9.from time to time

4.object 10.bring 13.from

6.owe...to...

7.(be) bound to (do)...

8.strike...into one's heart back to life time to time 14.cast down

11.in vain 12.in good/poor condition

15.pay off 16.are bound to 17.in favor of

Ⅲ.1.The idea has been put forward that more students should be admitted to college. 2.Then came the truck which

was full of supplies.
3.Whether you come or not does not have effect on the meeting. 4.The advantage is that if you come earlier,you can get a

gift.
Ⅳ.1.making 2.major 3.valuable 4.complicated 5.undertake 6.cloning 7.Altogether 8.objections

9.forbade 10.wonder

1.differ v.不同;相异

Think about how they differ.(P10)
想一想他们有什么不同之处。 Humans differ from other amimals in their ability to speak.

人与其它动物的不同之处在于人能说话。(朗文)

①differ from...不同于??

②differ in...在??不同;相异
③differ with sb.on/about sth.与某人就??意见不同 ④be different from...与??不同 ⑤make some/no difference to... 对??有些/没有影响/作用

【即时应用】 完成句子 (1)American English __________________(与英式英语有很 大不同)in vocabulary. (2)It ________________(跟我没关系)who will fetch the books here. (3)I'm sorry ________________(在那一点上我与你看法不

同).
(4)________________( 关 系 不 大 )whether you go today or tomorrow.

【答案】

(1)differs greatly from British English (2)makes
(3)to differ with you on that (4)It

no difference to me

won't differ with you on that

2.undertake v.着手;从事;承担 It is a difficult task to undertake.(P11)

这是一项很难完成的任务。
She undertook full responsibility for the new changes. 她为新变化承担全部责任。(朗文) He undertook to pay the money back in six months. 他保证6个月内还钱。(朗文)

①undertake a task/project 承担一个任务/项目

②undertake an attack发动进攻
③undertake a survey 进行调查 ④undertake to_do sth.同意或答应做某事

⑤undertake for sth.为??负责

【即时应用】 完成句子 (1)他答应一个月之内还钱。 He ________________ the money back in one month.

(2)我将为你的安全负责。
I'll ________________ your security. (3)今年,要建一座新的实验室,当地的几家公司被要求承

担这项工作。
The new laboratory will be constructed this year,and local firms have been asked to ______________.

【答案】

(1)undertook to pay

(2)undertake for

(3)undertake the work

3.objection反对;不赞成;异议 On the other hand,Dolly's appearance raised a storm of objections...(P12) 另一方面,多莉的出现引发了激烈的反对??

I object to being spoken to like that.
我不喜欢别人那样对我说话。(朗文)

①objection n.反对;厌恶 ②raise an objection to sth.对??提出异议

③have/make an objection to (doing) sth.
对??表示反对 ④object to sb.sth.反对;不赞成某人/某事

⑤object to doing sth.反对做某事
⑥object that-clause反对??

【即时应用】 完成句子 (1)我非常反对收停车费。 I really ____________________ for parking.

(2)我提出反对意见他太年轻不适合这个职位。
I ______________ he was too young for the position. (3) 我 反 对 该 计 划 的 主 要 理 由 是 它 费 用 太 高 。

__________________ the plan is that it costs too much.
【答案】 (1)object to being charged (2)objected that

(3)My main objection to

4.forbid vt.(forbade/forbad,forbidden)禁止;不准

Some began to reform their legal systems and forbade
research into human cloning...(P12) 有些政府开始改革他们的法律制度,禁止进行克隆人的研

究??
He was forbidden to leave the base as a punishment. 作为惩罚,他被禁止离开基地。

The law forbids smoking in public buildings.
法律禁止在公共场所吸烟。 Women are forbidden from going out without a veil. 妇女不戴面纱被禁止外出。(朗文)

①forbid sth.禁止某事

②forbid doing sth.禁止做某事
③forbid sb.to_do sth.禁止某人做某事 ④be forbidden to do sth.被禁止做某事 ⑤forbid sb.from doing sth.禁止某人做某事 ⑥forbid that...(should) do...禁止??

【即时应用】 选用上述词汇完成下列情景 As parents,we do (1)________ our daughter to surf the Internet too much.But we don't forbid booking up helpful information through the computer.Of course , she feels unhappy whenever she (2)________ to chat with her e-pals on line.Anyway,she is quite understanding.She knows that we don't really (3)________ her to learn something good in the Internet. 【答案】 (1)forbid (2)is forbidden (3)forbid

5.bother vt.打扰vi.操心n.烦扰;令人烦恼的事或人 However,the problem that she later developed a serious

lung disease bothered scientists.(P14)
然而,之后她患上了严重的肺病的问题使科学家们困扰。 Don't bother yourself about all these details. 不要为这些琐事伤脑筋。(朗文)

①bother about sth.为某事烦恼 ②bother sb.with sth.为某事打扰/麻烦某人 ③bother to do sth.特意/特地做某事 ④bother oneself about 为??操心/困扰/焦虑 ⑤put sb.to any bother 给某人添乱 ⑥It bothers sb.that/to do sth.使某人苦恼的是??

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)我不想让你因为我的问题而担心。
I don't want to ________ you ________ my problems. (2)他一直没有对我讲真话,这让我很苦恼。 __________ he hasn't been telling me the truth. (3)给您添麻烦了,我可以用一下电话吗? I hate to be ________,but could I use your phone? 【答案】 (3)a bother (1)bother;with (2)It bothers me that

6.resist v.抵抗;对抗 ...but others will survive and pass on the ability to resist that

disease to the next generation.(P15)
??而另外一些却能存活下来,并且把这种抗病能力传给下 一代。

I couldn't resist telling him the secret.
我忍不住把秘密告诉了他。(朗文) There has been a lot of resistance to this new law. 反对这一部新法律的人很多。(朗文)

①resist attack/water/the temptation

抵抗进攻/防水/抗拒诱惑
②resist doing sth.抵制做?? ③can't resist doing sth.忍不住做某事

④build up resistance to disease培养抗病能力
⑤meet with fierce resistance遭到猛烈抵抗

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)比尔忍不住想在电脑上玩游戏。
Bill ______________________ on the computer. (2)河堤抵不住水压。 The river bank could not ________ the water pressure. 【答案】 (1)can't resist playing games (2)resist

1.pay off得到好结果;取得成功;偿清 But at last the determination and patience of the scientists

paid off in 1996 with a breakthrough—the cloning of Dolly the
sheep.(P11)但是决心和耐心使科学家们最终于1996年收获了 突破性的结果——克隆羊“多莉”。

Two hundred workers have been paid off.
200名工人已被结清了工资。(朗文)

①pay for 付??的钱

②pay back 偿付;报答;向??报复
③pay out 偿还(债务);支付 ④pay up 付清;还清

【即时应用】 用适当的介/副词填空

(1)You'll sooner or later be paid________for what you are
doing now. (2)I managed to get to the top of the company,and the ten years of my hard work finally paid________. (3)You will pay________it at the time you order it. 【答案】 (1)back (2)off (3)for

2.owe...to 把??归功于;欠(账、钱、人情等);感激 You owe the lady an apology.

你应该向那位女士道歉。(P13)
We owe a lot to our parents. 我们非常感激自己的父母。(朗文) I owe the garage £20 for the new tyre. 我还欠汽车修理厂那个新轮胎的20英镑。

①owe sb.for...欠某人??的钱 ②owe sb.sth.=owe sth.to sb.欠某人?? ③owing to由于;因为 ④owe it to sb.to do sth.认为应该为某人做某事

【即时应用】

完成句子
(1)如果说我有一些进步,这应该全部归功于我的老师。 If I have improved in any way,I ________ it all ________

my teacher.
(2)多亏你帮忙,我才及时完成了工作。 I ________ it ________ you that I finished my work in time.

(3)由于下雨,他们不能来了。
________ the rain,they could not come. 【答案】 (1)owe;to (2)owe;to (3)Owing to

3.in favour of赞成;支持 Is it in favour of cloning or against it?(P12) 它是赞成克隆行为还是反对克隆行为? I'm all in favour of equal pay for equal work. 我完全支持同工同酬。(牛津) Could you do me a favour and turn off the light? 请帮忙把灯关掉好吗? She was willing to bend the rules in Mary's favour.

她愿意放宽规定来帮助玛丽。

①be_in/out_of favour(with sb.)=be in/out of sb.'s favour得 到/失去某人的尊重/赞同 ②in sb.'s favour对某人有利 ③do sb.a favour=do a favour for sb.帮某人忙 ④owe sb.a favour欠某人人情 ⑤favour sb.with sth.为某人做某事

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)我妹妹反对我的建议,而我弟弟却支持。
My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was ______________ it. (2)今天你能帮我个忙去学校接萨姆吗? Could you ________________ pick up Sam from school today? 【答案】 (1)in favour of (2)do me a favour to

4.in good/poor condition状况很好(坏);情况很好(坏) The dodo became extinct fairly recently,so its DNA is still in

good condition.
渡渡鸟灭绝时间相当近,所以它的DNA仍然状况良好。 The plants grow best in cool,damp conditions.

这种植物最适合在阴凉,潮湿的环境下生长。(牛津双解)

①be in condition健康状况好;身体条件适合;保存得好 ②be out_of condition健康状况不好;保存得不好 ③be in no condition to(身体状况)不适宜 ④make it a condition that...以??为条件 ⑤on condition that条件是

【即时应用】

完成句子
(1)父亲健康状况不佳,不适宜长途旅行。 Father is not ________________ to make a long trip.

(2)如果明早还的话,你可以用这辆车。
You can use my car ____________ you return it tomorrow morning.

(3)你决不能违背自己的诺言。
___________can you go against your promise. 【答案】 condition (1)in condition (2)on condition that (3)On no

1.The fact that she seemed to develop normally was very encouraging.(P11) 看来多莉是在正常地成长着,这很令人鼓舞。 这 是 一 个 主 从 复 合 句 。 “ that she seemed to develop normally”是同位语从句。

同位语从句一般由that引导,常放在fact,truth,news, information,idea,thought,hope,suggestion,advice, reply,remark,report等名词后面,说明该名词的具体内容。 同位语从句也可由when,where,how,why,whether等词 引导。当先行词是problem,question或当主句是表示疑问 或否定意思时,连接词要用whether或其他的疑问代词或副 词。

We must face the fact that we have run out of all the money. 我们必须面对我们已花完了钱这一事实。

The news that he has been elected president of the United
States is true. 他当选美国总统的消息是真的。

【即时应用】 用适当的连接代词或副词填空

(1)The question ________ we should continue to do the
experiment has not been answered yet. (2)I have no idea ________ the new library will be built. (3)The news ________ the National Game will be put off is still unknown. 【 答 案 】 (3)whether (1)whether (2)where/when/why/whether

2.The advantage is that if there is a new illness some of

these animals may die,but others will survive and pass on
the ability to resist that disease to the next generation.(P15) 其优点是如果发生了某种新的疾病,这类动物中的一些可能

会死掉,但是另外一些却能存活下来,并且把这种抗病能力
传给下一代。 The advantage is that...其优点是??。

The advantage is that we have a good command of English.
其优点是我们很好的掌握了英语。

The chance is that our team will finish at the top,as our remaining matches aren't too difficult.

由于我们队余下的比赛不太艰难,我们队在结束时有可能名
列前茅。 The problem is that we can't get the money we need.

问题是我们不能得到我们所需要的钱。

①The problem is that...问题是?? ②The drawback is that...缺点是?? ③The chance is that...有可能?? ④There is no chance that没有可能??

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)__________ playing the guitar is________ it can give you a
great deal of pleasure.(??中的一个优点是) (2) ________ (有可能) we can finish the job on time. 【答案】 that (1)One advantage of;that (2)The chance is

The popularity of films such as Jurassic Park,in which a scientist clones several kinds of extinct dinosaurs,proves

how the idea struck a mixture of fear and excitement into
people's heart. 在《侏罗纪公园》这部影片中,有一位科学家克隆了好几种

不同的绝种恐龙。类似这样的电影很受欢迎,证明了这一想
法使人们感到既兴奋又恐惧。 本句是一个较复杂的复合句。主语是the popularity of films,

谓语动词是proves,其后跟了一个how引导的宾语从句,
such as Jurassic Park作定语修饰films;而in which...从句则 是非限制性定语从句,对Jurassic Park进行补充说明。

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.I am sure the new traffic regulation will meet with a

strong o________ from the public.
2. A________, there were over 60 teachers against the unnecessary correction.

3 . The old teacher had a________ much experience of
teaching before he retired. 4.That is only an a________;they won't spend too much

on the decoration of the house.

5.You have to give them a r________ explanation about your not giving us the moral support.

6 . Dr Johnson________( 承 担 )the task of writing a
comprehensive English dictionary last year. 7.In this school,if you want to go out during school hours,

you will need to ________( 获 得 )permission from the
headmaster. 8.Up to now,scientists have made a major________(突

破)in the treatment of the disease.

9.The scientists have made a breakthrough in the research to ________(抵抗)the deadly disease.

10.It's very disturbing that there is too much violence in the
common________(媒体). 【答案】 1.objection 2.Altogether 3.accumulated

4.assumption 5.reasonable 6.undertook 7.obtain
8.breakthrough 9.resist 10.media

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.He ________________(欠50美元)his best friend.

2.We ______________(反抗;抗议) being treated like this.
3.Although his car is old,it is still __________________(状 况很好). 4 . He was ________________( 沮 丧 )because he was forbidden to go out with his brothers. 5 . My uncle comes to have dinner with us

________________(不时地).

6.Keep on working hard like this, and your research ________________(一定能取得)great success. 7 . In ancient times , people believed that they could ____________________(使复生)after death. 8.He tried ________________(白费力气)to persuade her to marry him. 【答案】 condition 4.cast down 5.from time to time 6.is bound to obtain 1.owes D|S 50 to 2.object to 3.in good

7.be brought back to life 8.in vain

Ⅲ.语法专练 完成句子

1.我们各自都有自己的家庭和孩子。
We ________ have our own family and children. 2.Tom,一个美国男孩,现在在北京学习。 Tom,________________,is studying in Beijing now. 3.他们表示希望我们再去访问上海。 They expressed the hope __________________.

4.我不知道当时他为什么激动。 I have no idea ____________________. 5.学生们问我这本书是否值得一读。 The students asked me the question

____________________________. 【答案】 1.each 2.an American boy 3.that we would go

and visit Shanghai again

4.why he was excited that time

5.whether the book was worth reading


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