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定语从句与名词性从句


定语从句+名词性从句 (满分 100 分)
姓名:________________ 分数:_________________

一、选择填空题 (定语从句、名词性从句混合题) (每题 1 分,10 题共 10 分) ( ) 1.______ surprised me most was the news ______ our team won. A. That; that ( B. What; which C. What; that D. That; which

) 2. This is the only book ______ I want to read. A. which B. that C. what D. as

(

) 3. The reason ______ I am so late is ______ the bus. A. that; I didn’t catch C. why; because I have missed B. × ; that I missed D. × ; because my not catching

(

) 4. The problem ______ has been completely settled. A. which you thought C. about which you thought it B. that you thought D. that you thought about

(

) 5. Is this the tape-recorder you wish ______? A. to have it repaired C. to have repaired B. to repair it D. repairing

(

) 6. ________ a concert next Saturday? A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

(

) 7.Do they have a new car? Yes, _____. A .they are B. they have C. they don't D. they do

(

) 8. Jenny said she _____her holiday in China. A. spent B. would spent C. was going to spent D. would spend

(

) 9. The little girl was ______ her cat while her mother was _____ the piano. A. playing, playing C. playing with, playing B. playing, playing with D. playing with, playing with

(

) 10. His uncle ________ for more than 9 years. A. has come here C. has lived there B. has started to work D. has left the university

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二、用所给动词的适当形式填空(每题 2 分,5 题共 10 分) 1. Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month. 2. Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning. 3. The old man _________last year. 4. He________ for a year.(die) 5. Our plan failed because we _____________ (make) a bad mistake.

三、根据短文的意思,选择适当的关系代词完成下面短文。 (每题 3 分,10 题共 30 分) The lady 1._______ name is Rosemary is our new teacher, 2._________ teaches us English this term in our school. The girl 3._________ is standing beside her is a student 4.______ she taught before. 5.________ is known to us all, she is very popular among the students in our key middle school 6.________ is famous for its high quality teaching and 7.________ is also a beautiful school, from 8.________ I’ll graduate next year. I’m determined to learn English well, 9.______ is difficult for me to learn at first, and I will never forget the reason 10._______ she told me in her first class and never give it up.

四、阅读理解(每题 2 分,20 题共 40 分) (A) It was Saturday morning and I asked seven-year-old Kelley to let her daddy take her to gymnastics class. But she didn’t agree. I explained that some friends would visit our house that day and I had to clean the house. But the truth was, I had spent 20 years watching Kelley’s five elder brothers and sisters take lessons and I just wanted to get out of it. However, seeing Kelley was going to cry, I decided to do this once more. Looking through the door, I watched as the teacher led the students to a rope hanging in the corner of the gym. One after another, each child in line climbed up the thick rope while the teacher held it at the bottom. Then it was Kelley’s turn—the youngest in the class. With a big smile, she climbed higher and higher. Then it happened. About halfway up, the teacher loudly warned: “Don’t go up any farther than you're able to come down.” Kelley halted ... then slowly moved down all the way to the floor. I knew she was heading to the top of that rope and was perfectly capable(能够)of reaching it. Why did she stop?
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I questioned her on the way home. “Kelley, could you have climbed all the way to the top?” “Yes,” she quietly replied. “Then why didn’t you keep going?” Silence. “Was it because of what the teacher said?”I asked. She nodded. I knew it was time to teach. “Kelley, don’t let anybody make you doubt yourself. Don’t ever let anyone keep you from knowing what you can do . . . even though they seem bigger, or smarter or older. Will you remember that?” I said. “Yes!” She answered quickly. I was glad I chose to take Kelly to the class and got the opportunity to teach her an important lesson. 1. The author didn’t want to take Kelley to gymnastics class at first because she________. A. became very tired of it C. had so much housework to do B. needed to visit some friends D. had to take lessons herself

2. Seeing Kelley climbing higher and higher, the teacher felt________. A. angry B. worried C. proud D. pleased

3. The underlined word “halted” in Paragraph 3 may mean________. A. fell B. climbed C. stopped D. continued

4. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. The author has six children to look after. B. Kelley would like her father to take her to gymnastics class. C. The other children in gymnastic class are younger than Kelley. D. Kelley was very frightened before the teacher ’s warning. 5. What did the author expect Kelley to do? A. To take care of her safety. C. To do as other students do. B. To follow the teacher’s advice. D. To have confidence in herself.

(B) Riding School:
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You can start horse-riding at any age. Choose private or group lessons any weekday between 9 a.m. and 8:30 p.m. (3:30 p.m. on Saturdays). There are 10 kilometres of tracks and paths for leisurely rides across farmland and open country. You will need a riding hat. Opening Hours: Monday through Friday:9:00 a.m. ~ 8:30p.m. Phone: (412) 396-6754 Fax: (412) 396-6752 Sailing Club: Our Young Sailor’s Course leads to the Stage Sailing qualification. You’ll learn how to sail safely and the course also covers sailing theory and first aid. Have fun with other course members afterwards in the clubroom. There are 10 weekly two-hour lessons (Tuesdays 6p.m.~ 8p.m.) Opening Hours: Tuesdays: 6:00p.m.~ 8:00p.m Phone:( 412)396-6644 Fax: (412) 396-6644 Diving Centre: Our experienced instructors offer one-month courses in deep-sea diving for beginners. There are two evening lessons a week, in which you learn to breathe underwater and use the equipment safely. You only need a swimming costume and towel. Reduced rates for couples. Opening Hours: Monday and Friday: 6:30p.m.~ 8:30p.m Phone: (412)396-6312 Fax: (412) 396-6706 Medical Center: The staff of the Medical Center aim to provide convenient and comprehensive medical care to students and staff of the university. The center is well equipped and the staff here are trained to deal with a broad range of medical problems. Both female and male doctors as well as nursing staff are available for consultation. Also, all kinds of medicines are sold here and are cheaper for students than other drugstores. Opening Hours: 24 hours from Monday to Sunday Phone: ( 412)396-6649 Fax: (412) 396-6648 Watersports club: We use a two-kilometre length of river for speedboat racing, and water-skiing. A beginners’ course consists of ten 20-minute lessons. You will learn to handle boats safely and confidently but must be able to swim. The club is in a convenient central position and is open daily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., with lessons all through the day.
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Opening Hours: Monday through Friday: 9:00a.m.~ 4:00p.m Phone: (412)396-6899 Fax: (412) 396-6890 6. If you want to swim and enjoy activities which are fast and a bit dangerous, you should join _______ . A. Sailing Club C. Watersports Club B. Riding School D. Diving Centre

7. If you want to experience a new activity in the countryside in the mornings, you may fax _______ . A. (412) 396-6752 C. (412 ) 396-6648 B. (412) 396-6706 D. (412) 396- 6876

8. If you are planning to explore the ocean depths, you should attend your lessons at _______ . A. 24 hours from Monday to Sunday B. Monday through Friday: 7:00 a.m.~ 10:00 p.m. C. Tuesdays: 6:00 p.m.~ 8:00 p.m. D. Monday and Friday: 6:30 p.m. ~ 8:30 p.m. 9. If you want to do an activity one evening a week and get a certificate in the end, you can go to ______. A. Sailing Club C. Watersports Club B. Diving Centre D. Riding School

10. Which is NOT the convenience that the Medical Center provides? A. Good equipment. C. Various less expensive medicines. B. Nursery for newly-born babies. D. Well trained staff members.

(C) A few years ago, I took a sightseeing trip to Washington D.C. I saw many of our nation’s treasures, and I also saw a lot of unfortunate people like beggars and homeless folks in the streets. Standing outside the Ronald Reagan Center, I heard a voice say, “Can you help me?” When I turned around, I saw an elderly blind woman with her hand extended(伸出). In a natural reaction, I reached into my pocket, pulled out all of my loose change and placed it in her hand. I didn’t even look at her. I was annoyed at being bothered by a beggar.
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But the blind woman smiled and said, “I don’t want your money. I just need help finding the post office.” Immediately, I realized what I had done. I acted with prejudice(偏见)—I judged another person simply for what I thought she was. The thing I had forgotten about myself is that I am an immigrant. I left Honduras and arrived in America at the age of 15. Through the years, I have been a dishwasher, cashier, mechanic and pizza delivery driver among many other jobs, and finally I became a network engineer. In my own life, I have experienced many open acts of prejudice. I remember a time, at age 17 — I was a busboy, and I heard a father tell his little boy that if he did not do well at school, he would end up like me. But now, living in my American middle-class lifestyle, it is too easy to forget my past, to forget who I am and where I have been, and to lose sight of where I want to be going. That blind woman on the street of Washington D.C. cured me of my blindness. She reminded me to always keep my eyes and heart open. 11. When the author came to America at first ______. A. he usually did some work with a little payment. B. he used to beg for some money on the street. C. he lived a comfortable life as a network engineer. D. he was respected by others all the time. 12. According to the passage, what did the author regret? A. That he gave all his change to the blind woman. B. The way he treated the blind woman. C. That he came to Washington D.C. for a visit. D. That he didn’t tell the woman the way to the post office. 13. The father mentioned in the passage wanted ______. A. to encourage his son to make a living by himself B. his son to become a busboy in the future C. his son to work harder at school D. to remind his son to depend on himself at school 14. We can infer all of the following statements from the passage EXCEPT ______.
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A. He disliked being bothered by beggars. B. He was delighted to give away his money to beggars. C. He once suffered a lot. D. The blind woman didn’t beg for money at that time. 15. What does the author want to tell us through this story? A. Don’t dream up ways to get what you want. B. Money is the root of all evils. C. An easy life makes a person forgetful. D. Be good to others all the time.

(D) English is the most widely used language in the history of our planet. One in every seven human beings can speak it. More than half of the world’s books and three quarters of international mails are in English. Of all languages, English has the largest vocabulary — perhaps as many as two million words. However, let’s face it: English is a crazy language. There is no egg in an eggplant, neither pine nor apple in a pineapple and no ham in a hamburger. Sweet-meats are candy, while sweetbreads, which aren’t sweet, are meat. We take English for granted. But when we explore its paradoxes (探讨它的矛盾), we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square, public bathrooms have no baths in them. And why is it that a writer writes, but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce, and hammers don’t ham? If the plural (复数) of tooth is teeth, shouldn’t the plural of booth be beeth? One goose, two geese — so one moose, two meese? How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites(相反)? How can overlook and oversee be opposites, while quite a lot and quite a few are alike? How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell the next? English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects (反映) the creativity of human beings. That’s why, when stars are out, they are visible (能看见的); but when the lights are out, they are invisible. And why, when I wind up my watch, I start it; but when I wind up this essay, I end it. 16. According to the passage ______.
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A. sweet-meats and sweetbreads are different things B. there should be egg in an eggplant C. pineapples are the apples on the pine tree D. boxing rings should be round 17. Which of the following is the correct plural? A. Beeth. B. Geese. C. Meese. D. Tooth.

18. Which of the following includes two items which have the similar meaning? A. A wise man and a wise guy. C. Quite a lot and quite a few. B. Overlook and oversee. D. Hot as hell and cold as hell.

19. The underlined words “wind up” in the last paragraph probably mean “______”. A. blow B. roll up C. get hurt D. finish

20. Through the many paradoxes in the English language, the writer wants to show that human beings are ______. A. clever B. crazy C. lazy D. dull

答案: 一、1-5 CBCDC 二 1. came 三、1. whose 6. which/that 2. read 6-10 BDDCC 3. died 2. who 7. which/that 4. has been dead 3. who/that 8. which 5. had made 4. whom 9. which 5. As 10. (which/that)

四、1-5 ABCAD

6-10 CADAB

11-15 ABCBD

16-20 ABCDA

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