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【学能培优】甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题(二十一 )


【学能培优】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题(二十 一)
【全国优秀高中英语名师】

甘肃庆阳 刘克炜

注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 3

0 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 【题文】A We all have our ways of marking time. As a photographer, my life is measured from one story to the next. My oldest son was born in the middle of a long story about the Endangered Species Act. My daughter came along with a pack of gray wolves. Twenty stories later, though, it’s the story in Alaska that I’ll remember best. It was the story about the loss of wilderness—and the story during which my wife Kathy got cancer. That’s the one that made time stand still. I stopped taking pictures on the day when she found that tumor. Cruelly, it was Thanksgiving. By Christmas, she had become very weak. Some days she was so sick she couldn’t watch TV. Early examination saves time. But ours was not early. By the time you can feel it yourself, it’s often bigger than the doctor want it to be. Cancer is a thief. It steals time. Our days are already short with worry. Then comes this terrible disease, unfair as storm at harvest time. But cancer also has the power to change us, for good. We learn to simplify, enjoying what we have instead of feeling sorry for what we don’t. Cancer even made me a better father. My work had made me a stranger to my three kids. But now I pay attention to what really matters. This is not a race. This is a new way of life and new way of seeing, all from the cancer. In the end each of us has so little time. We have less of it than we can possibly imagine. And even thought it turns out that Kathy’s cancer has not spread, and her prognosis(诊断) is good, we try to make it all count now, enjoying every part of every day. I’ve picked up my camera again. I watch the sky, searching for beautiful light. When winter storms come, Kathy and I gather our children and take the time to catch snowflakes(雪花) on our tongues. After all, this is good. This is we’re living for. 21. As a photographer, the author used to ______. A. leave his daughter with a pack of gray wolves. B. express his love for his family in a special way. C. miss a great many important historical moments. D. devote much more to his career than his family. 22. Why did the author decide to stop taking pictures? A. To cure his own disease. B. To spend more time with his wife. C. To seek a better position. D. To leave the wildness alone. 23. What is the biggest change the cancer has brought to the author? A. He treasured every bit of time with his family. B. He has become a stranger to his children. C. He takes his work more seriously. D. He focuses more on medical care. 24. The author and his family catch snowflakes on their tongues probably because______. A. the snowflakes taste very good. B. snowflakes are what they feed on. C. they regard that as a way to enjoy life. D. there is beautiful light in the snowflakes. 【题文】B These eco-inspired books get kids thinking about nature and environment. How to Raise Monarch Butterflies —By Carol Pasternak Have you ever watched a monarch transform from a caterpillar (毛虫) to a butterfly from up close? In this book, learn everything about the monarch life cycle and how to raise monarchs from eggs to adult butterflies. You will also get to know the efforts involved to protect the species. A Kid’s Guide to America’s Parks —By Erin McHugh

This year, the US National Park Service’s National Park Week is on April 21 -29. During the week, all the national parks offer free admission. Enrich your knowledge with this book, as it introduces the national parks and some interesting places in the US, including their geography, specific animals as well as environmental challenges. The book’s featured places include Yosemite National Park, Ellis Island (home of the Statue of Liberty) and the National Park of American Samoa, the only U.S. national park south of the equator (赤道). Where Do you Recyclable Materials Go? —By Sabbithry Persad Tiana had been learning about recycling at school. But when her dog, Bubbles, gets lost running after a recycling truck, she ends up learning a lot more about recyclable materials than ever! Follow Tiana and her family as they search for Bubbles around town and at the Material Recovery Facility. Along the way, readers will learn a lot about recycling and how they can do their part in protecting the environment. Scrap Kins Build-It Book Volume1 —By Brian Yanish Meet the Scrap Kins. They are creative, friendly monster who live in a recycling center, known as Scrap City. They’ll show you how to turn junk into pretty cool things. Readers will learn how to create cute bags from old jeans, beautiful ships from milk boxes, and more. Remember that one person’s trash is another person’s treasure! 25. Why is the National Park of American Samoa special? A. There is a famous statue in it. B. It lies south of the equator. C. It has its specific animals. D. It is free for admission. 26. Which book is most probably written in the form of a story? A. How to Raise Monarch Butterflies B. A Kid’s Guide to America’s Parks C. Where Do Recyclable Materials Go? D. Scrap Kins Build-It Book Volume 1 27. The common goal of the four books is to _____. A. teach kids practical skills B. comment on kids’ behavior C. raise kids’ environment awareness D. make kids interested in geography 【题文】C Pilling a cat can be a ―terrible‖ experience. Cats don’t want something pushed down their throats, and they’ll fight with all their strength to prevent it. In fact, it’s amazing how powerful their small bodies can be. The easiest way of pilling a cat is to press the pill into powder. Then mix the powder with a small amount of wet food. If your cat usually eats dry food, she will probably view the wet food as a treat and eat it up. If your cat won’t eat the wet food that contains the pill or if she is too ill to eat, you can get a ―pill gun‖. There are some basic instructions. Getting your cat’s mouth to open is going to be the most difficult part. First, be sure the pill is in a handy place. Then you can put your cat on a bookshelf with her bottom in a corner or you can put her on your lap firmly tied. Have your cat facing to the right if you’re right -handed. With your left hand, hold your cat at the cheekbones, putting your palm at the top of her head. Keeping your finger off the trigger ( 扳机), with your right hand, insert the pill gun until the pill is positioned over the tongue and open throat. Be sure to give your cat a treat directly after giving the pill. If you don’t feel comfortable using a pill gun, you can try giving the pill by hand. Push your cat’s head backwards just far enough so that her nose is pointing towards the ceiling. At this point, most cats will slightly open their mouths. With the little finger or ring finger of the hand holding the pill, open the bottom jaw a little more. You may need to hold her top jaw with your other hand while doing this. Aim straight and lightly throw the pill or drop it. Most cats will then swallow the pill. 28. Pilling a cat can be a terrible experience because cats ______. A. are amazingly powerful and dangerous B. may fight with all their strength against pills C. refuse something pressed down their throats D. are difficult to treat once they’ve got ill 29. What can be inferred according to the second paragraph? A. Wet food with medicine is usually a treat to cats. B. Cats used to dry food must reject wet food. C. The easiest pilling is to press the pill into powder. D. Cats are probably interested in something new. 30. Using a ―pill gun‖, you had better hold your cat ______ if you’re left -handed. A. facing to the right B. with your right hand

C. at the head D. on your lap firmly 31. A cat probably opens its mouth naturally when ______. A. its nose is straight upwards B. it is touched by fingers C. its head is turning around D. it is served with its favorite pills 【题文】D The Pew report---which was based on surveys carried out in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Greece, Poland and the Czech Republic --- concluded that the European Union was ― the new sick man of Europe‖. The percentage of Europeans with a favorable view of the EU has plunged from 60 percent last year to 45 percent now. The UK may be considered the most Eurosceptic(欧洲怀疑论者)country, but its support for the union has barely changed in the past 12 months, slipping only two points to 43 percent. By contrast, France’s backing for the EU has slipped sharply, from 60 percent last year to 41 percent today. On the question of whether to remain in the EU, 46 percent of the British want to leave the union and surprisingly, the same percentage went to stay. The Pew report’s authors said, ―The long-drawn economic crisis has created bad forces that are pulling European public opinion apart, separating the French from the Germans and Germans from everyone else.‖ They added, ―The effort over the past half century to create a more united Europe is now the main disaster of the euro crisis. The European project now stands in a bad reputation across much of Europe.‖ The only European leader rated highly by their own voters was the German Chancellor Angela Merkel, with 74 percent voters in favor of her. Prime Minister David Cameron was the next highest with a positive score of 37 percent among the British public, although he can take some comfort from the fact that 58 percent of Poles and half of all French people think he is doing a good job. In spite of the dark economic future and growing doubt of the EU, there were strong majorities of more than 60 percent in favor of keeping the euro in the five countries surveyed that use the single currency. 32. Which of the following is TRUE about the recent Pew report? A. The UK has the smallest number of people against the EU. B. There’s a slight change of the UK’s support for the EU. C. More than half the Germans raise doubt about the EU. D. A vast majority of French people are in favor of the EU. 33. As to whether to remain in the EU, ______. A. The British are divided equally B. few British want to stay C. half British want to leave D. many British don’t care about i t 34. What’s the Pew report’s authors’ attitude towards the relation between France and Germany? A. Enthusiastic. B. Optimistic. C. Negative. D. Neutral. 35. Why does Prim Minister David Cameron feel a little bit comfortable? A. Only a score of 37 percent of Britons go against him. B. Many of the Poles and French think well of him. C. More than 60 percent of the Europeans are in favor of keeping the euro. D. Angela Merkel has 74 percent voters supporting her. 【题文】第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)根据短文内容,从所给选项中选出能填入空白处的 最佳选项,选项中有两项多余 Although problems are a part of our lives, it certainly doesn’t mean that we let them rule our lives forever. One day or another, you’ll have to stand up and say, ― problems, I don’t want you in my life.‖ __36__ Problems with friends, parents, girlfriends, husbands, and children---the list goes on. Apart from these, the inner conflicts within ourselves work, too. These keep adding to our problems. Problems come in different shapes and colors and feelings. But good news is that all problems can be dealt with. Now read on to know how to solve your problems. Talk, it really helps. What most of us think is that our problem can be understood only by us and that no talking is going to help. __37__ Talking helps you move on and let go. Write your problems. __38__ When you write down your problems, you are setting free all the tension from your system. You can try throwing away the paper on which you wrote your problems. By doing this, imagine yourself throwing away the problems from your life. Don’t lose faith and hope. No matter what you lose in life, don’t lose faith and hope. Even if you lose all your money, family… you should still have faith. __39__ Your problems aren’t the worst. No matter what problem you get in life, there’re another one million people

whose problems are huger than yours. __40__ Your problems might just seem big and worse, but in reality they can be removed. Go about and solve your problems because every problem, however big or small, always has a way out. A. Of course, we’ve been fighting troubles ever since we were born. B. When we have a problem, a pressing, critical, urgent, life-threatening problem, how do we try and solve it? C. Having a personal diary can also be of huge help if you don’t want a real person to talk with. D. But the truth is that when you talk about it, you’re setting free the negative energies that have been gathering within you. E. We can often overcome the problem and achieve the goal by making a direct attack. F. Tell yourself: when they can deal with them, why can’t I? G. With faith and hope, you can rebuild everything that you lose. 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 【题文】第一节:完形填空 (共 20 小题,每小题.1.5 分, 满分 30 分) On a weekday evening, Jane was at home as usual. As her __41__swung between what she was going to do with her life and their dinner plans for the evening, she was unexpectedly __42__by an urgent call from her sister ―Get over here! Turn on NBC and check these guys out. They are just like you…..‖ One facebook message and a phone interview later, Jane __43__herself on a bus with 8 strangers in the middle of the sweltering ( 令人发昏的)desert heat of Utah, picking up trash and __44___ awareness(意识)about zero-waste and climate change. With a deep __45__ of the environment and a desire to make a __46__, Jane, Davey, and a group of self __47__ ―environmental pick-up artists‖ went on a coast to coast road side trash pick-up. As they walked, sometimes only __48__0.9 miles in an entire day, they __49__ and steadily made their way across the United States for three years, picking up a total of 201,678 pounds of trash. Jane and Davey _50__ with us wonderful stories of hope and inspiration that fueled their __51__to continue their journey. After spending weeks silently __52__how she would have enough __53__ to fly home for their two-week spring break, Jane found a blank, unidentified envelope __54__with $850 cash in the desert. Just enough to get her home and back. After their bus __55__ outside of Denver, they unexpectedly got __56__and arrived in Yosemite National Park three weeks later, just in time for the ―Yosemite Facelift‖ where __57__from all over the state came together with a __58__of cleaning up trash all over the park. Being at the right place at the right time became almost normal, and they realized that much of what they __59__was more than just a coincidence. Together, their team learned to simply __60__ themselves to their task, and surrender to the journey. 41. A. hands B. thoughts C. balance D. position 42. A. blamed B. frightened C. moved D. interrupted 43. A. found B. cheered C. dropped D. taught 44. A. abandoning B. raising C. shaking D. hiding 45. A. pride B. trust C. love D. fear 46. A. plan B. promise C. mistake D. difference 47. A. described B. corrected C. repeated D. discovered 48. A. driving B. covering C. riding D. fixing 49. A. slowly B. secretly C. helplessly D. frequently 50. A. heard B. read C. wrote D. shared 51. A. problems B. costs C. efforts D. choices 52. A. depending on B. replying to C. worrying about D. meeting with 53. A. time B. money C. food D. room 54. A. filled B. supplied C. decorated D. equipped 55. A. set off B. held on C. headed for D. broke down 56. A. rest B. practice C. help D. understanding 57. A. volunteers B. members C. tourists D. reporters 58. A. question B. purpose C. decision D. lesson 59. A. introduced B. expected C. examined D. experienced 60. A. turn B. limit C. devote D. compare 第 II 卷 (非选择题) 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 【题文】第二节: (共 10 小题;每题 1.5 分,共 15 分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个 单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 ―Remember, your father is only one year 61 (old) than you.‖ That was Mum’s usual excuse when Dad said the wrong things or did something 62 (fool). Dad quitted drinking exactly one year before I was born. He joined a group of other people. He said they 63 (stop) drinking, too. I loved my dad 64 I hated the way his weekly meetings took him away 65 me. It seemed that they were more important to him than I was. But with my birthday coming up I thought Dad would make an 66 (except). ―Can’t you miss it just this time? Saturday is my birthday! ‖ I begged him but 6 7 (refuse). He said ―I am chairing the meeting this Saturday. We will have your party on Sunday.‖ Saturday evening I sat on my bed, 68 (feel) sorry for myself. Dad started to leave, then paused and said,‖ Why not come with me together tonight? It’s an open meeting. All are welcome‖. 6 9 would I do at a meeting? But maybe I needed to see why something Dad every week mattered so much. After we arrived, Dad announced the the theme of the meeting was going to be gratitude. He told his story about giving up smoking. Later, a man 70 (call) Dave also told his story. Only then did I know it was Dad that saved his life from drinking. Showing up week after week and meeting with people, Dad was changing lives. Shame washed over me. 第四部分:写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 【题文】 :短文改错 (共 10 分;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有 10 处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号 (∧), 并在此符 号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 Cheetahs(猎豹) are the fast land creatures in the world. Why would a cheetah need to be able to running so fastly? The only animal that comes close to the cheetah’s amazed speed is its best favorite food, the gazelle( 瞪羚). In order to catch up a meal that’s as swift as the wind, the cheetah had to develop the ability. It must run as fast as, or faster as, the gazelle. Otherwise, it will face starvation. Cheetahs are a excellent example of the effects of natural selection. There is several species of large cats in the world, but none of them can match the speed of the cheetah. 【题文】第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 高三(14)班同学开展了一场“司机醉驾是否应该处罚乘客”的讨论。请你根据下表提供的信息, 给报社 写一封信, 介绍讨论的情况, 并发表你的看法。 [写作内容] 少数同学赞成处罚乘客 大多数同学反对处罚乘客

1. 减少交通事故,促进交通安全 1.乘客难以判断司机是否醉酒 2. 不乘坐醉酒司机的车 ,不仅是对自己负 2. 即使乘客知道司机饮酒 , 如果司机不听从 责, 也是对司机和路人负责 乘客的劝诫, 处罚乘客是不公平的

你的看法:……

[写作要求]只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容;开头已为你写好,不计入句子总数。 [评分标准]句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether passengers who ride in a car driven by a drunken driver should be punished. Yours sincerely, Li yan

【学能培优】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题(二十

一)
参考答案 21-25 DBACB 26-30 CCCDB 31-35 ABACB 36-40 ADCGF 41-45 BDABC 46-50 DABAD 51-55 CCBAD 56-60 CABDC 61. older 句中出现than ,用比较级。62. foolish 形容词修饰不定代词something,一些愚蠢的事。 63. had stopped 戒酒的事情在爸爸说话前已经发生,故用过去完成时。64. but 前半句说爱爸爸,后半句又说 讨厌…..前后句意转折,用but。65. from take sb. away from sb. 把某人带走;让某人远离66. exception 不定冠 词a/an后用名词,exception 例外。 67. was refused 我祈求他但是被他拒绝了,前后时态一致,都用过去时,这里表被动,故用一般过去时的被 动。 68. feeling feel的逻辑主语是I,这里表伴随。69. What 东西do缺少宾语,用what。 70. called 过去分词做后置定语,一个叫Dave的人,相当于定语从句that/who was called。 【答案解析】 1. fast——fastest in the world 提示我们要用最高级。2.running——run be able to 后用动词原形 3.fastly——fast fast 既可以做形容词,也可以做副词,英语中无 fastly。4.amazed——amazing –ed 修饰人,-ing 修饰物 5.去掉 best favorite=like…best,这里重复,去掉 best。6. catch up 后加上 with catch up with 追上;赶上 7.had ——has 短文整体时态用一般现在时。8. as——than 句中出现 faster 比较级,故用 than。 9. a——an excellent example 元音发音前用 an。10. is——are several species 是复数,故用 there are。 Dear_Editor, I'm_writing_to_tell_you_about_the_discussion_we've_had_about_whether_passengers_who_ride_in_a_car_drive n_by_a_drunken_driver_should_be_punished. The minority of the students hold the opinion that punishing the passengers helps reduce traffic accidents and increase traffic safety.Not to ride in a car driven by a drunken driver is not only a responsible behavior for passengers themselves but also for the driver and other people on the road. The majority of the students,however,disapprove of the idea,stating that it is difficult for common passengers to know whether the driver has been drinking or not.What's more,even if the passenger knows the driver has drunk alcohol and has attempted to persuade the driver not to drive,it is unfair to punish the passenger when the driver does not follow the advice. As far as I am concerned,punishing passengers as well as the drivers is not only unfairbut also hard to carry out. Yours sincerely,


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