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四种时态讲解练习


四种时态归纳讲解 一概念 1. 一般现在时态:表示经常性、习惯性的动作或表达主语现在的情况、状态。以及客观真理 2 一般过去时态:表示过去某个时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。 3 一般将来时态:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。 4 现在进行时态:表示现在(说话时刻)正在发生或进行的动作或事情。 (注意:现在进行时态可以表是将 来特别是在谓语动词是一些具有位置移动性的动词的时候如:go come leave move fly 二构成 1.一般现在时态:(1)be 动词时用(am \is \are) (2)其他实意动词:S(主语)非三单+ do (原型) S(主语)三单+ does (三单) 2.一般过去时态:(1)be 动词时用(was\were) (2) 其他实意动词:把原形动词变为过去式(do---变----did) 3.一般将来时态:句型一:be(am \is \are)+ going to + do (原型) 句型二:shall(一人称用)\will + do (原型) 4.现在进行时态:be(am \is \are)+doing(动词+ing) 注意:现在进行时态的特殊用法可以表将来,特别是在谓语动词是一些具有位置移动性的动词的时候如: go come leave move fly 三 时间状语词 1.一般现在时态常用的时间标志词:often、usually、always、sometimes、every hour\day\week\month\year、 in the morning (afternoon …) on Sundays\weekends, once a week, twice a day, three times a year 2. 一 般 过 去 时 态 常 用 的 时 间 标 志 词 : yesterday , the day before yesterday , yesterday morning\afternoon\evening....last week、,last night= yesterday evening 一段时间+ ago、, three days ago,.in 1990\ just now; a (short) while ago; a moment ago 刚才 in the past once upon a time=long long ago 很久很 3.一般将来时态常用的时间标志词:tomorrow、the day after tomorrow, tomorrow morning\afternoon\evening next week\month this month\year in +一段时间 , in three days , in ten years at once; right now; right away, immediately , in a minute\ moment ,in no time 立刻,马上 in the future 4 现在进行时态常用的时间标志词: Now= at present; at the moment at this moment/timLook! Listen! It’s six... o’clock 四.动词的变化形式 1.原型 do、2.三单 does、3.现在分词 doing、4.过去式 did、 (一) 。原形动词变三单。do → does 1.一般情况 加-s reads, says, takes ,gets ,dances 2.以 ch, sh, s, x o 加-es teaches, washes, goes, misses, mixes , 3.以辅音字母加 y 结尾的词 变 y 为 i 再加-es studies, cries, carries ,flies ,hurries ,tries , 4.特殊变化:have → has be → is say [sei] -says [sez] (二). 原形动词变现在分词. do → doing 1.大多动词直接在词尾加-ing,比如:go-going, work-working, study-studying, look-looking, 2.以不发音的 e 字母结尾的动词,要去掉 e 再加-ing,比如:make-making, write-writing, skate-skating, close–closing, come-coming, make–making, take-taking,have-having, 注:一般来说初中动词中,看见以 e 字母结尾的都要去掉再加+ing 除了 be 和 see . 3.双写最后一个字母再+ing (注:以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,要双写这一辅音字 母, 再加-ing。 )例如: run-running, swim-swimming, get – getting,sit–sitting,put ,begin hit stop, shop, prefer , pian fit-fitting, cut, let, forget drop 4.少数以 ie 结尾的动词,变 ie 为 y 再+ing. lie-lying, die-dying, tie-tying (三).原形动词变过去式. do → did 1..不规则变化。请记忆不规则动词表. 2.规则变化(关于加 ed 的) (1) 一般情况下, 直接加+ed.如: work ---worked (2) 以 e 结尾动词只加 +d。 如: live---lived move----moved 3) 以辅音字母 + y 结尾的动词,把-y 变为-i 再加-ed,如:study---studied copy---copied (4)双写最后一个字母再加+ed.如:stop—stopped plan—planned drop—dropped

1.He______swimming in the river every day in summer. (go) 2.It________you are right. ( seem ) 3.Look, the children______ basketball on the playground. ( play ) 4.It is very cold .I think it______ . ( rain ) 6. .He______down and began to read his newspaper. ( sit ) 7.I______with you if I have time . ( go ) 8.We will go to the cinema if it______fine . (be ) 9.I will tell her the news when she______to see me next week. (come) 10. When______you______the car ? In 1998 . ( buy ) 11The bike is nice . How much______it______? (cost) 12.If it __________(not rain) tomorrow, we ____________(go )fishing. 13.Light ___________(travel )much faster than sound.. 14. ________the doctor __________(send) for last night? 15.I _________(be) fifteen soon. 16.Tom, your aunt _______(come) this afternoon . 17.My teacher often _________(tell) us not to play on the street. 18.The teacher said that the earth ________(move) round the sun. 19.Could you tell me where Alice ________ (live)? 20.You ________(be) late if you __________(not hurry). 21.Look!Someone ________(lie) on the floor. 22. ___________Tom often __________ (play) chess after school? 23. David _____________ (wash) his face and_______ (brush) his teeth every morning. 24. My mother ____________(not do) housework yesterday. 25 ________ your father __________ (go) to work every day last year? 1. He often 2. Daniel and Tommy 3. She and I 4. There 5. We 6. Nick 7. 8. What 9. 10. The girl they (have) dinner at home. (be) members of the Reading Club. (take)a walk together every evening. (be) some water in the bottle. (not watch) TV on weekdays. (not do) his homework on Sundays. (like) the World Cup? they usually your parents (do) on holidays? (read) newspapers every day?

(teach) us English on Sundays.

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend. 2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening? He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book. 4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning. 5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning. 6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year. 7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night.

1 -“I need some paper.”“I ____(bring)some for you.” 2____(be)you free tomorrow? 3 They _________(not leave) until you come back. 4 _____we_____(go) to the party together this afternoon? 5 They want to know when the meeting _____start. 6 I _____(go) with you if I have time. 7 Hurry up! Or we ______(be) late. 8What ____you _______(do) tomorrow afternoon? 9 Jenny ____ _____ (do) an experiment the day after tomorrow. 10 If she isn’t free tomorrow, she _______(not take) part in the party.

1、 It’s ten o’clock. My mother _____(lie)in be 2、 What____he _____(mend) now? 3、 We _____(play)games now. 4、 What ____you____(do) these days? 5、 ____he ___(clean) the classroom? 6、 Who____(sing)in the next room? 7 、The girl____(like)wearing a sweater. Look! She ____(wear)a red sweater today.


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