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名词性从句与定语从句


名从和定从

1. 成分上的区别: 名词从句和定语从句分别在句中充当什么 样的成分?
1. How the prisoner escaped remains a mystery. 主语 2. I wonder whether/if he is fit for the job. 宾语 3. The problem is who will be equal to the task. 表语 4. He had no idea whether we could overcome the present difficulties or not.
同位语

5. I shall never forget the years when I lived in the countryside with the farmers, which has a great effect on my life. 6. In the office I never seem to have time until after 5:30 pm., by which time many people have gone home. 7. I had never seen such a good film as I watched last

night.

易错易混点: 注意区分:区分下列句型
1. ____we all know, smoking is harmful to our A 非限制性定语从句 health. B 2.___is known to us that smoking is harmful to our health. 主语从句:含形式主语it

C D 3.____is known to us is ____smoking is harmful 表语从句 主语从句 to our health A.As B.It C.What D.that

结论一:
名词从句充当句子的主要成分; 定语从句充当句子的修饰成分。

真题热身: 1.When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house___ C I would be staying. A. what B. when C. where D. which

2.____ D I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents. A. That B. Which C. Whether D. What

真题热身:

C 1.______ struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son. A. That B. It C. What D. Which A 2.It struck me most in the movie_____ the father has deep love for his son. A. that B. it C. what D. which
3.The only thing ____struck me in the A movie was the father’s deep love for his son. A. that B. it C. what D. which

2. 引导词含义上的区别:

引导词是否指向句中的某个成分?
1. That he came back made us very happy. 2. I’m sorry (that) I’ve made a mistake. 3. The fact is that his bark is worse than his bite. 4. Word came that he would come to see us all.

5. He made another wonderful discovery, which I think is of great importance to science. 6. The Oscar is one of the film prizes that have not been offered to any Chinese actor or actress by far. 7. 1980, when Chinese government began its reform, is an important year for China.

结论二:
定语从句的引导词在语义上 具有指代先行词的作用。 名词从句的引导词不具备此功能。

真题热身:
1.Finally he reached a lonely island ______ C was completely cut off from the outside world.

A was a lonely 2.Finally he reached ____ island. B 3.Finally he arrived ______ was completely cut off from the outside world. A. what B. where C. which D. in which

3. 关于that:
that 在名词从句和定语从句中各起什么作用?

1. He pretended (that) he didn’t see me.
2. That she lost her necklace on the way home

made her so worried.
3.The reason for his being late is that he overslept.

问题:that 作何成分?

4. The school that my sister studies at is far from (which) here. 5. The first request that he made was to ask for (which) freedom. 6. Is this the house that you have bought yourself? (which)
问题:that 作何成分?

结论三:
名词从句中的 that 只起引导词的作用,

无任何意义。(宾语从句中可省略) 定语从句中的that 在从句中充当主语或宾语,
有时可以与 which 互换。(充当宾语时可省略)

真题热身:

C 1.Experts believe______ people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. C 2.Experts believe in those things_____have sound and scientific evidence.
A. why C. that B. where D. what

4. 引导词的不同:

不会出现在名词从句中的关系词: as, 且 when, where 等不能与 in/on/at which 互换。
不会出现在定语从句中的关系词: whether, if, what, how

真题热身:

D 1.He told me the way ____solved my problem. A. in which B. / C. how D. which
2.The way____ B he solved the problem is quite useful. A. what B. / C. how D. which

C 3.The last time we had great fun was___ we were visiting the Water Park. A. where B.at which C. when D. why

5.定从与表从表原因时的区别: 定从中:先行词是reason时,从句不缺成分用 why;缺成分用that,which或不填. 表从中:主语是reason时,用that。 主语不是reason时,表结果用why, 表原因用because.

真题热身:
1.From space, the earth looks blue. This is____about seventy-one percent of its C surface is covered by water.
2.Seventy-one percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water.This is ____it looks blue from the space. A

D 3.The reason ___he resigned is ___he A want to have a change. A. why B. how C. because D. that

5、名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系: 1. He has done what he can to help me.
--He has done ____ ____ he can to help me. all that

2. What I want to say has nothing to do with it.
--____ All ____ that I want to say has nothing to do

with it.

3. Whoever breaks the law is to be punished.
_________ Anyone ______ who breaks the law is to be punished. 4. He will give the dictionary to whoever needs it most. who He will give the dictionary to anyone _______ ____ needs it most. 5. We’ll remember whomever we turned to for help.

We’ll remember anyone ________(whom) _______ we turned to for help.
6. They will do whatever he wants them to do. They will do ________ wants them to do. anything ______he that 7. I’ll read whichever book you give me. I’ll read ____ any of the books _____ that you give me.

Exercises:
1.There’s a feeling in me____we’ll never know what a UFO is—not ever. A.that B.which C.of which D.what.

2.Is this the hospital _____he worked ten years ago? A.that B.where C.which D.the one
3. A story goes ___Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen. A.when B.which C.what D.that

4.His success was because of ___he had been working hard. A.that B.the fact which C.the fact that D.the fact

5.I work in a business___almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A.how B.which C.where D.that

6.Tom came to the conclusion___by a computer. A.that not all things can be done. B.because of not all things be done. C.being not all things can be done D.because not all things can be done
7.We are living in an age ____many things are done on computer. A.which B.that. C.whose D.when


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