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高中英语能力解读与专项训练完形填空


完形填空解题三大策略
——关联/重现
授课教师:颜靖瑶 班级:高三8 教材:二轮复习资料

Warming-up
Guess the missing words.
(There may be more than one answer.)

clue words:提示词
(Teachers, Books, Exercises, Doctors, Police, Parents…)

(Teachers, Books)

(Teachers)

(Doctors, Nurses)

logical word new He is just _____ here, so he has few
friends here.

Clue words
Usually he is busy, but today he is ____. free

Clue words

logical word

1)Mr Black is a doctor, he works in the hospital _____. 2)A nurse not only works in the day, but also works during the night ___ . no\little 3)He is rather busy, so he has ____ time to have lunch at home. 4)Gina is very hungry ____ , because she hasn’t had meals for 2 days. 5)We have an oral English test this term. It’s so pass easy that most students can ___ the test.

逻辑关系

三大策略
隐性线索 显性线索

什么是显性线索? (朗声:P4)

完形填空的显性线索是指某一个单词 的 同义 , 近义 , 上义 , 下义 , 同源 的单词、短语或句子在文中反复出现,来 强调这个概念,这显性的线索分别是:原词关联、 同义或近义关联、上下义关联。

I wasn’t _____. Somebody had thought enough of me to bring me a gift… I wasn’________ t forgotten. Somebody thought of me. I matter. (NMET 2010 北京)
A. blamed B. loved

C. forgotten

D. affected

原词关联

显性线索有三种
第一种 原词关联: 有时因为表达的需要,同一单词及 其变形或同源单词或同一概念在上 下文中不断出现,可借助这一信息 选择正确答案。

Today, over thirty companies regularly donate food and other goods to the ________ cause… The public also give clothes and money and a shoe producer new shoes.(2012 山东) A. donates C. deliver B. produces D. lend

显性线索有三种
第二种 同义或近义关联 在英语中有时为了避免重复,常用意 思相同或相近的词或解释性的语言来 连接上下文。

begin 1. start (同义词) empty / hungry 2. full (反义词) 3. clever (近义词) wise/ intelligent/bright/smart foolish (反义词) 4. afraid (近义词) frightened (反义词) brave 5.autumn (同义词) fall

At times Ismail would accompany my family as we made a rare shopping trip to town. We would be glad of his .(2012福建) A.feelings C. effort B. choice D. company

显性线索有三种
第三种 上下义关联 上下义是指词的总结和分解关系,上义词 是总称词,下义词是被包含的个体或种类。 如:food是bread, noodle, milk, rice的上 义词,反之 bread, noodle, milk, rice是 food的下义词。

maths history chemistry

Chinese English PE physics

subject

Australia America

Britain China Canada

country Japan

Russia

smell sight sense touch

hearing taste

He taught her how to rely on her other ,specifically her hearing…. (2010湖北)
A.feelings C. skills B. organ D.senses

Instant Practice 即时训练
Please do the following exercises and discuss what kind of skills you use to choose the best answers.

(朗声:P4)

【练习1】Stretching as high as he could, but even as his tallest length he was unable to touch it... stretching his arms to get the apple. Still it remained out of _______(NMET 2011江苏) 43. A. hope B. hand C. sight D. reach
【练习2】Car drivers have to obey traffic regulations that tell them the right things to do on the road to avoid crashes. Cyclists who give signals before turning or stopping help prevent _____ . (NMET 2012广东) 4. A. accidents B. mistakes C. falls D. deaths

Practice

【练习3】Normally, Beams sniffs alongside the trail to follow the smell of a deer track or 37 some cause known only to him.. The sniffing and exploring was going well for him. (NMET 2010 湖南) 37. A. imagine B. consider C. explore D. present

? 【练习4】There are times when people are so tired that they all asleep almost anywhere…When people are really _____,nothing will stop them from falling asleep—no matter where they are. (NMET 2010 天津) ? 40. A. tired B. drunk C. lonely D. lazy ? 【练习5】I….dropped all the coins into… “It proved to be a waste of 39 ,” I thought … Now I donate any 45 I have to charity tins and enjoy the feeling of giving. (NMET 2010陕西) ? 39. A. words B. effort C. space D. money ? 45. A. work B. time C. energy D. change

? 【练习6】Three of those rich men and their servants were travelling together on a road when they came to a very ____ village. The first could not stand seeing the poverty… (NMET 2011陕西) ? 28.A.faraway B.poor C.different D.ancient

即时训练

【练习1】Stretching as high as he could, but even as his tallest length he was unable to touch it... stretching his arms to get the apple. Still it remained out of _______(NMET 2011江苏) 43. A. hope B. hand C. sight D. reach

D

近义关联

即时训练
【练习2】Car drivers have to obey traffic regulations that tell them the right things to do on the road to avoid crashes. Cyclists who give signals before turning or stopping help prevent _____ . (NMET 2012广东) 4. A. accidents B. mistakes C. falls D. deaths A
近义关联

即时训练
【练习3】Normally, Beams sniffs alongside the trail to follow the smell of a deer track or 37 some cause known only to him.. The sniffing and exploring was going well for him. (NMET 2010 湖南) 37. A. imagine B. consider C. explore D. present C 原词关联

即时训练
【练习4】There are times when people are so tired that they all asleep almost anywhere…When people are really _____,nothing will stop them from falling asleep—no matter where they are. (NMET 2010 天津) 40. A. tired B. drunk C. lonely D. lazy
A 原词关联

即时训练
【练习5】I….Dropped all the coins into… “It proved to be a waste of 39 ,” I thought … Now I donate any 45 I have to charity tins and enjoy the feeling of giving. (NMET 2010陕西) 39. A. words B. effort C. space D. money 45. A. work B. time C. energy D. change 上下义词重现 D ,D

即时训练
【练习6】Three of those rich men and their servants were travelling together on a road when they came to a very ____ village. The first could not stand seeing the poverty… (NMET 2011陕 西) 28.A.faraway B.poor C.different D.ancient
B 原词关联

完成下列练习,并说出 各自所属的显性线索类 别。

_________ 1。…that the fairies had come and stolen the baby away… However, hope was not lost _________ even if the baby had been _28____. (NMET2008广东)
28. A.missed B.stolen C.found D.lost 原词关联

2。 There were many_____ ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering hi with some of his father’s clothes were just two of the recommended _27___.(NMET2008 广东)
27. A.cases B.tools C.steps D.methods

同义/近义关联

______ 3。 I had been sitting in a wheelchair for 20 years _____before then, and I have been seriously ill many times. So I wondered if I would have the __38__ to tell Sam…(NMET2010重庆)
38. A.ability C.courage B.time D.responsibity 上下义关联

4。 Little did I know you were saving every penny you earned to go to __18__school…I wandered into the dining room where you were buried under piles of law ___ books.(NMET2011天津)
18. A.business C.law B.fashion D.medical

原词关联

5。 When arriving in Canada in 2008, she had one goal: ______________________________ to have what she had back home in Colombia. “I didn’t want to __38__what I do, like so many who come to a new country.” she said. (NMET2011福建)
38. A.continue C.change B.choose D.lose

近义关联

NMET2010年广东卷完形填空真题例析

朗声:P14

Every country has its own culture. ______ Even though each country uses doors. Doors many have ___21___ functions and purposes which lead to ___22___ ________ differences.
21. A. different B. important C. practical D. unusual 22. A. national B. embarrassing C. cultural D. amazing

When I first came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different ___23___ and they had ________________ distinct functions. You have to push the door with the ____________ _________ ___ word “PUSH” to go out of the building and to pull the _______________ door with the word “PULL” to ___24___the building. __________________ This was new to me, because we use the ___25___ ____________ door in south Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed. The way of using school bus doors was also ___26___ to me.
23. A. exits B. entrances 24. A. enter B. leave 25. A. main B. same 26. A. annoying B. hard C. signs D. doors C. open D. close C. front D. back C. satisfying D. strange

I used to take the school bus to classes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doors, ___27___ who were getting off the bus should ________ get off first, and students who were getting on ____________________ should get on ___28___.
27. A. parents B. students C. teachers D. drivers 28. A. sooner B. later C. faster D. earlier

In south Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get ________________________________________ off. __ One morning, I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I ___29___ tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me, I was totally ___30___, and my face went red. ____________
29. A. politely B. patiently C. unconsciously D. slowly 30. A. embarrassed B. annoyed C. unsatisfied D. excited

Summary
显性线索 ,_________ 隐性线索 , 1.完形填空三大策略:_________ 逻辑关系 _________.

2.完形填空的显性线索是指某一个单词 同义 近义 上义 的 , , , 下义 , 同源 的单词、短语或句子在文中反复出现,来 强调这个概念,这显性的线索分别是:原词关联、 同义或近义关联、上下义关联。

Homework: 1.朗声:P5-6,完形填空第一大策 略专练:显性线索; 2.朗声:P15,NMET2011年广东 卷完形填空真题例析


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