2016 年 1 月
注意：本试卷分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分。第一卷答案全部做在答题 纸上；第二卷答案直接做在试卷上。总分为 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第一卷 （选择题，共 85 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 做题时，先将答
案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will the woman do first? A. Give up the Mr. Fro case. 2. What does the woman want? A. A dress. B. A pair of shoes. C. A pair of trousers. B. Design a new brand. C. Have some coffee.
3. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a laundry. B. At the man’s. C. In a suit shop.
4. What do people think of that piece of music? A. Beautiful. B. Unbearable. C. Complicated.
5. What do we know about Alice's father? A. He always helps others. B. He doesn't live with Alice. C. He is too old to look after himself. 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小
题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 两个小题。 6. What can't the girl bear most? A. Sharing the bathroom with others. B. No chance to chat with friends. C. The strict school rules. 7. When should students go back to the dormitory? A. By 9:00 pm. B. By 9:30 pm. C. By 10:00 pm.
听下面一段对话，回答第 8 和第 9 两个小题。 8. How does the woman like cooking? A. Time-consuming. B. Enjoyable. C. Easy.
9. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Waitress and customer. B. Cook and trainee. C. Husband and wife.
听下面一段对话，回答第 10 至第 12 三个小题。 10. What did the boy just do? A. He played basketball with Paul. B. He quarreled with his mother. C. He cleaned the window. 11. How might Mr. Henry feel now? A. Scared. B. Angry. C. Guilty.
12. What will Paul probably do tomorrow? A. Have tea in the boy's house. B. Apologize to the woman. C. Pay back the money. 听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至第 16 四个小题。 13. How long hasn't the couple seen each other? A. Two days. B. Two weeks. C. Two months.
14. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The woman is going to give birth. B. The woman can't bear the hotness.
C. The woman works very hard. 15. What did Lisa's father do? A. He worked on a special project. B. He shared the good news with his friends. C. He traveled with his business friends. 16. What's wrong with the man's company? A. The sales manager is a vacant position. B. It is swallowed up by the giant. C. It needs to enlarge. 听下面一段独白，回答第 17 至第 20 四个小题。 17. What will the speaker do before going to Australia? A. Book a room. B. Contact his friend. C. Save enough money.
18. What interests the speaker most in Australia? A. Aboriginal tribes. B. Queensland University. C. The herd.
19. Which city will the speaker visit first in America? A. Chicago. B. San Francisco. C. New York.
20. What can the speaker expect on the Mountains of Kenya? A. Wild animals. B. Amazing snow scenery. C. Many mountain climbers.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空 （共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 21. “Made in China 2025” initiative aims to transform China from a manufacturing giant into a world manufacturing power, ___________ driven by innovation and emphasizes quality over quantity. A. the one that B. one that C. one D. the one
22. On Nov.11, Alibaba sold more than 90 billion yuan ___________ goods on its e-commerce platforms Taobao.com and TMall, making headlines all over the world. A. worth of B. sum of C. value for D. profit for
23. Younger people might like snow and cold, but for _______, such weather is very tough; snow
can turn into ice, ______ is easy to slip on. A. people my age; where C. people my age; which B. my age people; where D. my age people; which
24. China may as well keep its growth rate above 7 percent. _______, the rate may be set between 6 to 7 percent, for the sake of a healthy environment. A. Differently B. Alternatively C. Accordingly D. Conversely
25.—Will you have a second child? — Haven’t decided yet. We _____ about it the whole year. A. have thought thinking 26. How shocked he ________ the news that the terrorists attacked Paris, leaving 129 dead and hundreds injured. A. was heard B. heard C. was to hear D. would hear B. had thought C. thought D. have been
27. The door was open, from ______ he could see everything outside. A. which B. after which C. behind it D. where
28. It is beyond awkward when everyone around you _____________ laughing at a joke that you do not find funny, especially if it’s a joke told in a foreign language. A. breaks into B. bursts out C. yells out D. falls into
29. The average income of the Changzhou, though still well below that of Suzhou, has been on the increase and is three times _________ it was in 2001. A. that B. which C. what D. how 30. Having a brother or sister protects adolescents against negative feelings such as loneliness and guilt, but they also have to learn to _____________ and to control their emotions. A. compete D. compromise 31. — The government must have taken measures to lower the house prices next year, _________ it? —Yes. I guess so. A. didn’t B. hasn’t C. mustn’t D. won’t 32. It was human errors, rather than the natural disaster, that __________ for the death of so many innocent people in the landslide at an industrial park in Shenzhen. B. compensate C. comprehend
A. is blamed are to blame
B. is to blame
C. are blamed
33. —How is the smog control going on in our capital city? —It couldn’t be worse. You ________ believe Beijing upgraded the smog alert from yellow to orange and then red again yesterday. A. won’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t 34. — Can you explain ____China’s football team failed again in the attempt for the World Cup? — I am sorry, but this is the last time. We will behave ourselves. A. why is it that B. why it is that C. how it is that D. how is it that 35. — I still haven’t made any progress in writing an English essay. — ______________. How can you expect to write a passage when you don’t understand the words? A. Learn to walk before you run B. Practice makes perfect C. Don’t put the cart before the horse D. Learn to fish but not just ask for fish 第二节：完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项, 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 It is dark now when I begin my early morning walk in the woods. And now that autumn has marched into winter, darkness persists well beyond my 6 a.m. start time. Paths have become familiar after years of hiking. But rocks and tree roots have magically appeared from previously 36 ground. 37 on some unseen barriers. Fallen branches from last
Certainly I hit my toe against or night’s storm 38
in wait. Layers of autumn leaves create a false floor through which my 39 . Sometimes a piece of moon donates some 41 clues for where I step. 40 to the mystery
path. But when skies are dark, there are no
My very first night hike was during summer camp on a warm August night in the woods. Our leader find. “See with your 44 43 ,” the leader told us over and over again. 45 and courage, it didn’t take long before our 47 42 bright flashlights so we would not scare away the night creatures we hoped to
, that advice took effect. With 46
to the ground’s textures(质地) and irregularities. Toes learned to
for barriers before trusting full weight on feet. Holes and dips in the ground were detected in
of possible fall … But mistakes 49 happen. My foot gets caught on a trip and I fall. Since the pace is 51 , I pause to feel the firmness of earth
50 , there is little damage except to pride. Once beneath me. On my way home, as dawn journeys through life. The same rules often and don’t be 53 52
day, I think about how similar night hikes are to
for both: slow down, concentration, “see” with new senses — 55 — hidden barriers, false surface, wet
54 . Although the path is full of
floor — the earth is solid and firm beneath. It is the nature of night ground. It is the nature of life. 36. A. level 37. A. step 38. A. stand 39. A. break 40. A. coldness 41. A. vague 42. A. forbade 43. A. eyes 44. A. Directly 45. A. contribution 46. A. suspicious 47. A. explore 48. A. need 49. A. also 50. A. rapid 51. A. up 52. A. makes up for 53. A. work 54. A. disappointed 55. A. darkness B. soft B. tour B. hang B. sink B. light B. typical B. shone B. toes B. Amazingly B. appreciation B. cautious B. head B. search B. still B. mild B. down B. makes way for B. apply B. confused B. hopelessness C. wet C. trip C. stain C. walk C. loneliness C. visual C. removed C. hands C. Possibly C. concentration C. tentative C. clarify C. advance C. even C. slow C. out C. makes use of C. answer C. scared C. anxieties D. hard D. go D. lie D. remove D. courage D. conscious D. collected D. feet D. Luckily D. expectation D. sensitive D. assess D. spite D. ever D. gentle D. away D. makes sense of D. suit D. annoyed D. uncertainties
第三部分：阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 请阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项, 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Thank you for agreeing to be a Test Administrator for PISA. The purpose of this manual is to help you to understand how you will assist with the successful implementation of this large-scale student survey. 1.1. What is PISA? PISA stands for the Programme for International Student Assessment, sponsored by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). PISA 2015 is the sixth PISA study that has been conducted since 2000 and involves more than 70 participating countries. PISA has the following characteristics: ? It is the world’s largest international survey in education. ? It surveys students aged about 15 years. ? It assesses students’ preparedness for adult life. Undertaking PISA is important because the results of the test can be used: ? to indicate how well prepared students in a country/economy are for learning once they leave school; ? to identify areas for improvement over time by schools, education systems, and governments; and ? to allow a comparison of student performance and the learning environment between different countries. 1.2. Components of PISA 2015 ? 1.2.1. Cognitive test 42 students from each school will be randomly sampled to complete a 2-hour computer-based test consisting of questions in science, mathematics, reading, and Collaborative Problem Solving.
1.2.2. Questionnaires These students will also be asked to complete a 30 minutes Student Questionnaire on the computer either directly after the test sections or at a later time.
1.2.3. Financial Literacy assessment After the cognitive test and questionnaires, a sub-sample of 10-11 students will take a computer-based Financial Literacy(FL) assessment. The 65-minute Financial Literacy assessment tests students’ knowledge of personal finances and their ability to apply it to their financial problems.
56. According to the manual, each participating student of PISA should ____________. A. be aged more than 15 years old B. be of or above the average level in their classes C. spend 215 minutes for the programme D. carry out all the tasks on the computer 57. What can we know about PISA from the passage? A. There will be over seventy countries participating in the seventh PISA in 2018. B. Top PISA scorers are more likely to succeed in their adult life than lower score owners. C. PISA will compare students’ personal performance based on their learning environment. D. The FL assessment is specially intended for students who are suffering financial problems. B In today’s China, exchanges between Chinese and English-speakers are increasingly frequent. English skills are important to Chinese if China wishes to play a stronger role on the world stage. However, the general English level of the Chinese people is on the decline. China’s ranking in the 2015 EF English Proficiency Index dropped 10 drops. The Middle Kingdom was ranked 47th out of 70 countries rated, and is now on par with several Latin American countries. The report triggered widespread discussion in China：in an increasingly international nation, why is the peoples’ level of English getting worse? A decline in the English level of the Chinese people is no accident. With China’s exam-based education system, worsening English is inevitable. English education in China is too focused on
grammar and ignored oral practice. This results in students that are often too scared to speak, for fear of making a mistake. Exam-based courses make it so students merely learn for the test, not learn the language. In Latin America, nations do not have a rigorous exam system for English, but focus on promoting the language itself. Such programs that promote English include Chile’s “English Opens Doors,” program, Panama’s “Panama Bilingual Education Program,” and Mexico’s “10 Million People Plan.” Brazil, which also has a government program, is ranked first in the region for English. The Chinese government should first think about how to reduce the amount of pressure on students taking exams in order to promote change in the current system of rote English education. This is the most important step. Everyone has been recently focused on overseas returnees. The number of Chinese studying abroad has rapidly multiplied in past years. At the same time, the number of overseas returnees is increasing as well. The job market is also increasingly competitive for them and it is often more difficult for returnees to find a suitable job than it is for domestic graduates. Difficulties and pressure in the job market for overseas returnees deters a number of Chinese from studying abroad. As a result, the number of Chinese with high-level English, carefully perfected abroad, has been reduced. This could be a major reason for why English is getting worse overall in China. While China’s overall level of English has declined, it has not affected China’s huge emphasis on English education and training. China remains one of the nations that is most committed to the study of English. 58. What do the underlined phrase “on par with” most probably mean? A. superior to B. relative to C. parallel to D. equal to
59. What does the writer want to do with this article? A. To advise the Chinese government to reform its exam-based education. B. To analyze the reasons why China’s general English level is on the decline. C. To report the phenomenon that there is a decline in English level of Chinese people. D. To compare the different ways of learning English between China and Latin America.
60. What measure can help improve English level of Chinese people? A. Stopping testing English in the educational examination system. B. Reducing the amount of pressure on students studying English. C. Encouraging more students to study in Latin American countries. D. Focusing more on expressive abilities and less on grammatical exams. C The Oxford dictionary has announced its word of the year. It’s spelled ... Actually, it isn’t spelled at all, because it contains no letters, just a “face with tears of joy” emoji. “The fact that English alone is proving not enough to meet the needs of 21st-century digital communication is a huge change,” says Caspar Grathwohl, president of Oxford Dictionaries. When one of his dictionary colleagues suggested using an emoji instead of the word “emoji”, “lightbulbs went off”. Until recently, Grathwohl, who is 44, avoided using emojis altogether because he worried that he would look as if he “was trying to get in on teen culture”. “I felt inauthentic. But I think there was a tipping point this year. It’s now moved into the mainstream.” Some 76% of the UK adult population owns a smartphone, and of those, between 80% and 90% use emojis. Worldwide, six billion are sent daily. The “face with tears of joy” is the most used, representing 20% of all UK and 17% of all US emoji use. It has overtaken the standard smiley-face emoji in popularity, which may mean that emoji users are moving towards exaggeration or irony or fun, or that all this emoji use has brought everyone to a higher emotional plane. Even if you don’t send emojis yourself, you will probably receive them. How far do emojis function as a language? “There’s a lot of prejudice against emojis,” Vyvyan Evans, a professor in linguistics at Bangor University, says. “A lot of people think they are a backward step, but this misunderstands the nature of human communication.” The picture is more complicated, with emojis offering both greater freedom and limitations than verbal language. “Emoji isn’t a language as such. They don’t develop in the way that the natural language does. But they are working according to the same principles of communication as the spoken language. What is the value of an emoji? I think I can prove this with an ordinary
sentence.” There is a pause. “I love you,” he says. “Crikey(哎呀), I love you.” He says it again. The first time I think he means it; the second time we both know he doesn’t. “The meaning is coming from extra-language factors,” he says. “Emojis are performing the same function in digital speech.” Like any sort-of language, emoji is evolving. “I do think they are subtle(微妙) and rich,” Grathwohl says. “They can mean different things to different people. The fact that we are using emoji in combination to express more complex ideas and experiences is one of the most fun and playful parts of the whole words. Will emoji finally come to look something more like traditional language that we understand?” he asks. “That would be interesting.” 61. The sentence “lightbulbs went off” (Para 2) means that ______________. A. the president became embarrassed and annoyed B. the president suddenly realized he was outdated C. the suggestion was immediately adopted D. the suggestion started a heated discussion 62. The “face with tears of joy” is more popular than smiley-face emoji, which means that _______________. A. emoji is changing constantly B. smiley-face emoji is too traditional C. adults have more sorrow than joy in their daily life D. people like to express their emotions in a richer way 63. Vyvyan Evans uses the sentence “I love you” as an example (Para 4) to prove that _____. A. emoji can express the real meaning behind words B. emoji is different from the natural language C. people feel free to use emoji in communication D. emoji will limit people in expressing their feelings 64. Which of the following statement might Grathwohl agree with? A. emoji is too childish for adults B. people have the same explanation for an emoji C. using emoji can add fun to communication
D. emoji won’t develop into a language D “Hypotheses,” said Medawarin 1964, “are imaginative and inspirational in character”; they are “adventures of the mind”. He was arguing in favour of the position taken by Karl Popper that the nature of scientific method is hypothetico-deductive and not, as is generally believed, inductive. The myth(误区) of scientific method is that it is inductive: that the formulation of scientific theory starts with the basic, raw evidence of the senses — simple, fair, unprejudiced observation. Out of these sensory data — commonly referred to as “facts” — generalisations will form. The myth is that from a disorderly collection of factual information an orderly, relevant theory will somehow come out. However, the starting point of induction is an impossible one. There is no such thing as an unprejudiced observation. Every act of observation we make is a function of what we have seen or otherwise experienced in the past. All scientific work of an experimental or exploratory nature starts with some expectation about the outcome. This expectation is a hypothesis. Hypotheses provide the motivation for the inquiry（探究） ，and influence the method. It is in the light of an expectation that some observations are held to be relevant and some irrelevant, that one method is chosen and others abandoned, that some experiments are conducted and others are not. Hypotheses arise by guesswork, or by inspiration, but having been started they can and must be tested thoroughly, using the appropriate method. If the predictions you make as a result of deducing certain consequences from your hypothesis are not shown to be correct then you abandon or adjust your hypothesis. If the predictions turn out to be correct then your hypothesis has been supported and may be kept until such time as some further test shows it not to be correct. Once you have arrived at your hypothesis, which is a product of your imagination, you then move on to a strictly logical and thorough process, based upon deductive argument — therefore the term “hypothetico-deductive”. So don’t worry if you have some idea of what your results will tell you before you even begin to collect data; there are no scientists in existence who really wait until they have all the evidence in front of them before they try to work out what it might possibly mean. The closest we ever get
to this situation is when something happens by accident; but even then the researcher has to make a hypothesis to be tested before being sure that, for example, a medicine might prove to be a successful solution to bacterial(细菌) infection. The hypothetico-deductive method describes the logical approach to much research work, but it does not describe the psychological behaviour that brings it about. The psychological behaviour is a much more complicated process — involving guesses, reworkings, corrections, and above all inspiration, in the deductive as well as the hypothetic component. However, describing the logical approach is like writing the final thesis(毕业论文) or published papers of research work. These theses and papers have been, quite properly, organised into a more logical order so that the worth of the output may be evaluated independently of the behavioural processes by which it was obtained. It is the difference, for example between the academic papers with which Crick and Watson demonstrated the structure of the DNA molecule(分子) and the fascinating book The Double Helix in which Watson (1968) described how they did it. From this point of view, the scientific method may more usefully be thought of as a way of writing up research rather than as a way of carrying it out. 65. What is right about the deductive method and the inductive method according to the author? A. They cannot exist in a research at the same time. B. The former one is of greater importance than the latter. C. The latter one is more scientific than the former one. D. The former is closer to the nature of scientific research. 66. Which of the following best supports the author’s main opinion shown in paragraph 2? A. Usually facts are more convincing than predictions. B. People always observe based on what they have seen or experienced. C. It is impossible to generalize disorder facts into orderly theories. D. People all begin scientific work with the observation of evidences. 67. Which of the following about a hypothesis is right？ A. It functions as a guide in the process of a scientific research. B. It works as a means that can help make unprejudiced observations. C. It is an expectation unrelated to guesswork and inspiration.
D. It is a prediction which will be arrived at sooner or later. 68. According to the author, a good scientific research is a process _____________________. A. starting from details and ending in generalisations B. where observations play more role than expectations do C. where hypothesis are gradually tested before finally approved D. which cannot be started before enough evidences are collected 69. What does the last sentence of the passage mean? A. The hypothetico-deductive method plays an important role in describing a research. B. The scientific method is more a way of describing research than a way of doing it. C. Describing the logical approach is harder than describing the psychological behaviour. D. Writing up a scientific research paper is as difficult as carrying out the research. 70. Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. Generalisations of Scientific Theory B. Hypotheses of Scientific Research.
C. The Psychological Behaviour
D. The Scientific Method
第二卷 （非选择题，共 35 分）
第四部分：任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意: 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 每个空格只填一个单词。
In China, as in many countries, the north-south divide runs deep. People from the north are seen as hale and hearty, while southerners are often portrayed as cunning, cultured traders. Northerners are taller than southerners. The north eats noodles, while the south eats rice—and according to new research, when it comes to personality, that difference has meant everything. A study published Friday by a group of psychologists in the journal Science finds that China’s noodle-slurping northerners are more independent, show more “analytic thought” and divorce
more frequently. By contrast, the authors write, rice-eating southerners show more qualities traditionally associated with East Asian culture, including more “holistic thought” and lower divorce rates. The reason? Cultivating rice, the authors say, is a lot harder. Picture a rice paddy, its delicate seedlings tucked in a bed of water. They require careful tending and many hours of labor—by some estimates, twice as much as wheat—as well as reliance on irrigation systems that require neighborly cooperation. As the authors write, for southerners growing rice, “strict self -reliance might have meant starvation.” Growing wheat, by contrast, the north’s staple grain, is much simpler. One Chinese farming guide from the 1600s quoted in the study advised aspiring farmers that “if one is short of labor power, it is best to grow wheat.” To produce their findings, the authors evaluated the attitudes of 1,162 Han Chinese students in Beijing and Liaoning in the north and in Fujian, Guangdong, Yunnan and Sichuan in the south. To control for other factors that distinguish the north and south—such as climate, dialect and contact with herding cultures—the authors also analyzed differences between various neighboring counties in five central provinces along China’s rice-wheat border. According to the authors, the influence of rice cultivation can help explain East Asia’s “strangely persistent interdependence.” For example, they say South Korea and Japan have remained less individualistic than Western countries, even as they’ve grown wealthier. The authors aren’t alone in observing the influence various crops have on shaping culture. Malcolm Gladwell in his 2008 book “Outliers” also drew connections between a hard-working ethic (measured by a willingness to fill out long, boring questionnaires) and a historical tradition of rice cultivation in places such as South Korea and Japan, given that the farming of such crops is arguably an equally boring chore.
How China’s North-south Divide Has Influence on _____71______ Personality China’s northerners ____73____ on noodles, and they are thought of as ___72___ hale, hearty and taller with more______74______ and “analytic thought”
as well as higher divorce rates. On the contrary, the southerners prefer eating rice and have more “holistic thought” and lower divorce rates. ? ? Planting rice needs twice more ____75____ than planting wheat. Cultivating rice relies on irrigation system that requires neighbors to _____76_____ well.
If you are over independent, you might _____77______in the south. If you are ____78_____ in labor power, it is best to grow wheat in the north.
? ? The Research
The attitudes of 1162 Han Chinese students were evaluated. Other unrelated factors like climate, dialect and herding cultures were carefully ____79_____.
The result shows the influence of rice cultivation can result in more cooperation and explain East Asia’s “strangely persistent
interdependence”. Another ___80___ observation Malcolm Gladwell also found the influence crops have on culture in his 2008 book “Outliers”.
第五部分: 书面表达（满分 25 分） 请阅读下面一篇短文，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 The other day, BBC broadcast its documentary(纪录片)“Are Our Kids Tough Enough? — Chinese School”, in which the British and Chinese teaching styles competed against each other, with both sides tested after four weeks to see who comes out on top. In this unique experiment, five Chinese teachers took over a British classroom with 50 teenagers aged 13 and 14 in a British school for one month and taught them in a typical Chinese way: no talking, no questions and experiencing the severe classroom discipline within an extended school-hour from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. In the meantime, another group of students were guided in the British teaching style: free talking, free questioning, thinking for themselves and relaxing learning atmosphere.
At the end of the documentary, all the pupils took part in the same exams in a few subjects. Next is the result. Mathematics Chinese style British style 67.74 54.84 Chinese 46.88 36.46 Science 58.33 50
Faced with the result, many netizens in Britain made a strong suggestion to their Education Minister that Britain should learn from China and adopt China’s educational style.
[写作内容] 假设英国教育部长正在向中国学生征询对上述建议的看法， 请你给他写封信表达你的看 法。 1. 用约 30 个单词完成上文的概要; 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,你应当 （1）阐述你对“英国教育该不该采用中国方式”的看法； （2 用 2-3 个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 [写作要求] 1. 写作时不能直接引用原文语句; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; [评分标准] 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。
Dear Minister， I hear that
_______________________________________________________________________________ _____ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________. It is said you are collecting opinions from Chinese students. The following is my view.
___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Yours sincerely A Chinese senior student
答案： 一．听力 1-5 CBAAB 6-10 CCACA 11-15 BACAB 16-20 CBACB 二．单选 21-25：CACBD 四．阅读 56-57 DB 74. independence 78. lacking (weak) 六．书面表达 Dear Minister， I hear that many people in your country are suggesting Britain’s education system should follow china’s after a BBC documentary, which reported a 4-week experiment ending up with Chinese teaching methods defeating British ones. It is said you are collecting opinions from Chinese students. The following is my view. Personally, I strongly advise you forget Chinese style of education. On one hand, Chinese’ students wining in test scores is in fact at the cost of their creative abilities and autonomy in learning. As a matter of fact, many of my classmates could do nothing without teachers and parents’ help, let alone make great innovations in their later life. On the other hand, we Chinese students are suffering from a severe lack of sleep and good health, all due to the pursuit of a high score in numerous tests. Without a healthy body, nothing is meaningful. Do you really want young Britons to spend 15 to 16 hours a day on study? Therefore, dear Minister, you should think twice if you decide to follow that suggestion. CDBCD BDABA 46-50 ADBCD 61-64 CDAC 76.cooperate 51-55 BAACD 65-70 DBACBD 73. feed (live) 77.starve 三．完形 36-40 DCADB 41-45 CADBC 58-60 CBD 75.labor 79.controlled 五．任务型 71.Shaping