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高一上学期英语寒假作业 Unit 3
I. 语法词汇 1. I have brought two pens, ___ writes well. A. neither of them B. neither of which C. both of them D. both of which 2. The reason ___ he gave me for his absence was that he was down with a cold. A. why B. that C. for which D. what 3. ___ is mentioned above, the number of pupils in primary schools is decreasing. A. It B. That C. As D. What 4. The result is not the same ___ they had expected, ___ was rather disappointing. A. which; as B. as; that C. that; which D. as; which 5. We interviewed the old lady, ___ had been killed in the air crash last week. A. all her children B. all of her children C. all of whose children D. whose all children 6. The students were all interested ___ you told them yesterday. A. in which B. in that C. in all what D. in everything 7. It is one of the best films ___. A. which have been made in China B. that has ever been made in China C. that have ever been made in China D. which has been made in China 8. Is that ___ he has reserved for his wedding? A. restaurant the one B. restaurant C. the restaurant D. A & C 9. The moment he set his foot in the new country, to his great surprise, he was surrounded by friendly people ___ he could turn for help. A. from whom B. to whom C. on whom D. by whom 10. We had many difficulties with our big-size classes, ___ how the teacher can effectively help individual student is not the least. A. as B. which C. of which D. / 11. You can use a large plastic bottle, ___ cut off, as a pot to grow flowers in. A. the top of which B. the top is C. with its top D. whose top 12. These book, which you can get at any bookstore, will give you ___ you need. A. all the information B. all of information C. all the informations D. all of the informations 13. The museum ___ from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. A. opens B. is opened C. has opened D. is open 14. The monument which is ___ is ___ those who died for their beloved country. A. under construction; in memory of B. constructing; in memory of C. being constructed; in memory of D. under construction; in memory for 15. ___, and you will succeed in your work. A. Work hard B. Working hard C. To work hard D. Hard work 16. It is ___ from here. You need not take a taxi. A. a five-minute-walk B. a five-minutes walk C. a five-minute walk D. a five minutes’ walking II. 选词填空 A. avoiding B. regard F. anyone G. feature C. correct D. properly E. custom H. those I. notice J. polite

Foreigners often fail to appreciate the formal code of greeting in France. The French shake hands with everyone (family, children, strangers), at home, on the way to work, at work, on leaving work, on the way home from work, etc. Thus, in an office, perhaps a dozen people, no work will be done for the first half hour while _17_ who have not met since the day before, remind each other who they are.

However, it is important to remember with whom one has shaken hands on any day. The French _18_ it as extremely bad manners to shake hands twice, as though one had not taken enough _19_ for the first time. It is still the _20_ to say “Bonjour” and “Au revoir” to others when entering or leaving a shop or bar. This is not because the French are too _21_. It is because they see acknowledging (注意) the existence of others as a way of _22_ being rude. This may seem unbearably slight to others, but to the French it is most important. Manners mean civilization to them. Kissing is not so much of a(n) _23 of French life as others supposed. But when it does take place, it must be done _24_, according to the rules. The _25_order is left cheek, right cheek, left cheek--- very formal, very stylized. In Paris four kisses are sometimes permitted: left, right, left, right. Ⅲ. 完形填空 At the time my son was born in 1956, I shared a hospital room with a young woman who bore a son on the same day. Partly because my parents owned a shop selling flowers, the room was soon __26_ the lovely smell of roses. As the seventh arrangement for flowers was brought in, I was beginning to feel_ 27_, for no flowers had arrived for my _28_, Ann. She sat on the edge of her bed and leaned forward to _29_ the latest bouquet. She was a pretty young woman, yet there was something about her large, brown eyes that made me think she had known too much struggling, too much 30 for one so young. I had the feeling she had always had to admire someone else’s flowers. “I’m enjoying every minute of this,” she said as though she had read my _31_. “Wasn’t I the lucky one to get you for a roommate?” I still felt uncomfortable, however. If only there were some magic button I could push to _32_ the sadness in her eyes. Well, I thought, at least I can see that she has some flowers. When my mother and father came to see me that day, I asked them to send her some. The flowers arrived just as Ann and I were finishing supper. “Another bouquet for you,” she said, smiling. “No, not this time,” I said, looking at the card. “These are for you.” Ann 33 at the flowers a long time, not saying anything. She ran her fingers across the pale-blue vase and lightly touched each of the sweetheart roses as though trying to impress them on her _34_. “How can I ever thank you?” she said softly. I felt _35_ for it was such a little kindness on my part. The son born to my husband and me that day in 1956 _36_ our only child. For nearly 21 years he filled our lives with love and laughter, making us feel _37_. But on Easter morning in April 1977, after a long, painful _38_with cancer, he died quietly in our arms. At the funeral home I was alone with my son in a room filled with the scent of roses, when a deliveryman brought in a tiny bouquet. I didn’t read the card until later, as we drove to the _39_. “To W. John Graves,” the card said, “from the boy who was born with you at Memorial Hospital, and his mother.” Only then did I 40 the vase I had given to a sad young woman so many years ago, now once again filled with roses. Ann and I had long since lost touch. She had never known our son, never been aware of his illness. She must have read the notice of his death in a newspaper. “A kindness returned,” Mother said. 26. A. covered with B. equipped with C. furnished with D. filled with 27. A. satisfied B. uncomfortable C. romantic D. frightened 28. A. son B. mother C. roommate D. colleague 29. A. admire B. spoil C. overtake D. serve

30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

A. happiness A. comments A. hold up A. stared A. gratitude A. depressed A. kept to A. complete A. term A. cliff A. preserve

B. wealth B. thoughts B. put off B. aimed B. emotion B. suffered B. turned out B. boring B. perseverance B. grave B. purchase

C. sadness C. compliments C. give out C. glanced C. memory C. obliged C. looked over C. complicated C. struggle C. harbor C. recreate

D. property D. doubts D. take away D. pointed D. heart D. embarrassed D. resulted in D. plain D. quarrel D. castle D. recognize

IV. 阅读理解 (A) Every human being, no matter what he is doing, gives off body heat. The usual problem is how to dispose of (处理) it. But the designers of the Johnstown campus of the University of Pittsburgh set themselves the opposite problem—how to collect body heat. They have designed a collection system which utilizes not only body heat, but the heat given off by such objects as light bulbs and refrigerators as well. The system works so well that no traditional fuel is needed to make the campus’s six buildings comfortable. Some parts of most modern buildings—theatres and offices as well as classrooms—are more than amply (充足地) heated by people and lights and sometimes must be air-conditioned even in winter. The technique of saving heat and redistributing(再分配) it is called “heat recovery”. A few modern buildings recover heat, but the University’s system is the first to recover heat from some buildings and reuse it in others. Along the way, Pitt has learned a great deal about some of its heat producers. The harder a student studies, the more heat his body gives off. Male students give off more heat than female students, and the lager a student, the more heat he produces. It is tempting to conclude that the hottest prospect for the Johnstown campus would be a hard-working, overweight male genius. 41. The designers of the University of Pittsburgh set about their research on body heat collection, which is the opposite of _____ . A. giving off body heat B. getting rid of body heat C. working out a new heating system D. air-conditioning 42. The collection system of the Johnstown campus is based on the belief that _____. A. traditional fuel is not adequate to supply heat needed B. heat given off by human bodies and objects can be collected and made use of C. heat by human bodies is more efficient than traditional fuel D. a new technique is needed to prevent the waste of fuel 43. Which of the following is true of the technique of heat recovery? It is aimed to _____. A. keep the heat of modern buildings at the right level B. get back the use of heat from some buildings C. supply enough heat for modern buildings D. provide heat in a variety of forms 44. The writer seems to suggest that _____. A. the profit Pitt will get from the technique of heat recovery will be tempting B. the researchers have learned a lot more about human body heat in their researches C. the Johnstown campus of the University of Pittsburgh will plan to take in more hard-working, heavy male students

D. the Johnstown campus is the pioneer in the research on heat saving system (B) ) A. B. C. D. E. F. How to deal with listening practice Class atmosphere matters a lot in learning Monitoring activities is one of the main tasks of teachers How to evaluate student performance Group work needs organizing properly Communication skills play a big role in language learning

Both instructors and learners can get benefits from the following learning strategies as long as they are properly made use of in language learning. 45. _____ The information presented in this section focuses on specific conversation, discussion, or presentation skills. The activities are generally self-explanatory, with students expressing opinions, making decisions, solving problems, planning presentations, and so on. Engaged in these activities, students have the possibility of communicating with each other in class. This section also includes lists of expressions used to illustrate different language functions, such as agreeing, disagreeing, and asking for clarity in order to help students expand their knowledge of English. 46. _____ In a speaking or listening course, students’ anxieties can affect their learning. For this reason, it is important to establish a friendly, relaxed classroom environment. It may help students to think of the classroom as a laboratory where they can experiment and take risks with the language. In such circumstances, students should realize that errors are a natural and expected part of learning a language. In addition, one of the goals of this part is to encourage students to examine their own opinions and values while at the same time showing respect for the opinions and values of others. 47. _____ Many of the activities in this section involve the students’ cooperating work in class. Generally, such an activity taken up by four members seem to work the best. Groups of three or five members may also be effective, depending on the activity. The first unit includes guidelines for organizing group work, with students taking on the following roles: leader, reader, summarizer, reporter, and observer (if necessary). Organizing all activities in this way makes the course truly learner-centered since students must take full responsibility for carrying out each activity. As for seating, group members should arrange their seats or chairs in a small circle to encourage interaction. 48. _____ Being a teacher, in the course of group activities, you should circulate from group to group, which helps ensure that students are on task and are using English. While you should not participate in pair or group activities, you need to stay involved in what the students are doing. One important reason to circulate during activities is to keep track of the kinds of problems students have, such as grammatical accuracy, fluency, word choice, pronunciation and intonation, discussion strategies, etc. However, it is generally not effective to correct students’ errors when they are involved in an activity. The most practical way to deal with communication problems is to make notes of what you observe as you are circulating. You can then use this information to provide feedback after the activity or to develop future lessons. 49. _____ At the beginning of the course, when they need to build up their confidence, students benefit most from encouragement and positive comment. If possible, you’d rather not grade the students’ first few efforts at

speaking in a group or to the class. Many students suffer such anxiety in speaking situations that any criticism at this stage can have the opposite effects. Commenting on students’ wok does not necessarily mean grading them on the scene. Even if the programs requires formal grades, you should try to put off assigning grades until later in the term. V. 动词填空 50. The meeting ______________ (hold) yesterday was found French learning. 51. _______________ (tell) you the truth, he is a truly wonder pop singer. 52. He was one of the students who _______________ (be) late for school. 53. There are a lot of cars _______________ (use) the main road. 54. Sorry. I _______________ (not realize) you _______________ (read). 55. My friends told me that those old houses _______________ (pull) down next month. 56. _______________ (have) his lunch, he went out to play with his neighbors. 57. I regret _______________ (not be) able to lend you a hand when you were in trouble. 58. The computer is out of order, why not try _______________ (use) another one. 59. He got to the airport only _______________ (find) the plane had already gone. VI. 中译英 60. 为了保护建筑,每天只允许少量人进入布达拉宫.(admit) ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 61. 一个奇怪的想法在他的 头脑中形成.(shape) ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 62. 人们相信这座寺庙要花两年时间才能竣工。 (It; complete) ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 63. 那个新建的体育馆能容纳八万名观众,真令人惊奇。 hold ) ( ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 64. 来自世界各地的参观者看到上海的巨大变化很惊讶。 (surprise) ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________


I. 语法词汇 1-5 BBCDC 6-10 DCDBC 11-16 CADAAB II. 选词填空 17.H 18. B 19. I 20. E 21. J 22. A 23. G Ⅲ. 完形填空 26-30 DBCAC 31-35 BDACD 36-40 BACBD IV. 阅读理解 41-44 BBBB 45-49 FBED

24. D


V. 动词填空 50.held 51. To tell 52. were 53. using 54. didn’t; were reading 55. would be pulled 56. Having had 57. not being 58. using 59. to find VI. 中译英 60. To preserve the building, only a few people are admitted to the Potala Palace. 61. A strange idea began to take shape in his mind. 62. It is believed that it will take two years to complete the temple. 63. It’s amazing that the newly-built stadium can hold an audience of 80,000. 64. Visitors from all over the world are surprised to see the great changes in Shanghai.


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