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高一英语导学案-必修1 Unit 2 English around the world


万福中学高一英语导学案 Unit 2 English around the world
Ⅰ. 重点词汇、短语及词组 official voyage native apartment actually base gradual identity fluent frequent command request expression recognize accent stra

ight block in…ways 在…方面 such as 例如 believe it or not 信不信由你 come up 走近;上来;提出 come up with 提出 come up 被提出 come up to a place 参观某地 ever before 从前 even if/ though 即使 at the end of 在…末期 be based on 在...基础上 close to 距离…近 change…into 把…变成 in the early days 在早期 take…with…随身携带 the same…as 与…相同的 at present 目前 because of 因为;由于 make a request 请求 Ⅱ.词汇突破 1. official n. 行政官员 adj. 公务的, 公职的, 职权的,官方的, 正式的, 官方认可的 The President and the Secretary of State are government officials. 总统和国务卿是政府官员。 His official duties kept him busy. 公务使他繁忙不堪。 They have got some official figures about the population. 他们得到一些关于人口的官方数字。 2. voyage n [C]航行,航海 ① Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that , English began to be spoken in many other countries. 在 17 世纪英国人开始往世界其他地区迁移。于是,许多的别国家开始说英语。 journey, voyage, trip, tour, travel 的用法区别 voyage 指乘船作水上旅行,也可指空中旅行。journey 范围较广,指有预定地点的水陆空单程长、短途旅 行,其中着重指长距离陆上旅行。travel 常用复数形式。泛指旅行各地,表示旅行路途远,时间长。可作 动词。trip 一般用语,指任何方式,业务或游览旅行,着重于短途,口语中可与 journey 互换。 ②He decided to make _______________________. 他决定乘飞机去纽约旅行。 ③He got seasick _________________________. 在航行中他晕船了。 ④He is going to make a round-the-world tour. 他要周游世界。 ⑤The travels of Marco polo is one of the most interesting books that I have ever read. 《马可波罗游记》是我读过的最有趣的书。 错误!未找到引用源。This trip was cancelled because of the snowstorm. 由于暴风雪,行程取消了。 2. because of 因为;由于 ① I was wet because of the rain. 因为下雨,我的衣服都湿了。 ② We won the game because of his participation. 由于他的参与,我们赢了比赛。 辨析:because of/because Because of 是复合介词,表原因,意为“因为” ,后接名词、代词、动名词、名词性从句,在句中作状语。 Because 是从属连词,引导原因状语从句,表主句根本原因。 表原因的短语还有 due to,owing to,thanks to,on account of。 ③All of this is___ you. 这所有的一切都是因为你。 ④They hurried on ___ it was getting dark. 因为天色已晚,他们匆匆赶路。 小试牛刀:⑤My success is due to your help.我的成功是由于你的帮助。 ⑥___his effort, it is more successful than we have expected. 多亏他的努力,事情取得了比我们预期更大的成功。 3. native adj. 出生地的, 故乡的, 本国的,当地(人)的; 原产于某地的,天生的, 有天赋的 n. 当地人, 本地人 At the end of the year some people will go back to their native homes. 年终时, 有些人要回故乡去。 The panda is native to West China. 熊猫产于中国西部。 The ability to swim is native to fish. 鱼生来就会游泳。 Are you a native, or just a visitor? 你是本地人还是外来人? 4. come up 靠近,接近,上来,发生,升起,长出地面,发芽 ① I'd like to come up to your apartment. 我想到你得公寓坐坐。 ② The snowdrops are just beginning to come up. 雪莲花刚长出地面。
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万福中学高一英语导学案
③ I'm afraid something urgent ___;I won't be able to see you tonight.我很抱歉今晚有急事,不能见你了。 潜心辨析:come up / come up with come up 被提出,其主语是被提出的内容,无被动语态。 come up with 提出,主语是提出者,宾语是被提出的内容。 come to 总计,达到 come on 加油,(催促)快点来吧 come along 过来,快点 come out 暴露,出版 come about 发生,造成 come across 碰见, (偶然)发现 ④ Come on. Let's get some sleep. 走,咱们睡觉去 错误!未找到引用源。 She ___some old photographs in a drawer. 她在抽屉里偶然发现一些旧照片。 5. actually adv. 实际上,事实上(=in fact) ① Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other . 事实上不同的文化交流渗透时,所有语言都会变化发展。 ② Believe it or not,he actually won. 信不信由你,他真赢了。 ③ The tree looks high and strong but ___ its trunk is hollow . 这棵树看上去又高又壮,实际上树干是空的。 6. be based on/upon 以 … 为根据。其主动形式为 based on/upon 以某事物作为另一事物的根据。 ① It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的不是。 ② This news report ___. 这篇报道完全是以事实为根据的。 ③ The film ___a novel by Lu Xun. 这部电影以鲁迅的小说为蓝本。 ④ There is a hole in the base of container. 容器底部有个洞。 ⑤ That company has offices all over the world,but their base is in Paris. 那家公司的办事处遍布全球,但其总部在巴黎。 7. at present 目前,现在 ① At present,he is on holiday. 目前,他正在度假。 ② He is free at present,and you can go to him for advice. 他现在有空,你可以向他咨询。 思维拓展:Present sth. to sb. = present sb.with sth. 把某物赠给某人 Present 作前置定语意为“现在,当前的” ;作后置定语意为“出席,到场的” 。 ③ Thirty guests ___ at the ceremony. 30 位客人出席了这次典礼。 ④ There are twenty children present.在坐的有 20 个孩子。 5 The children ___ flowers ___ their teacher. 孩子们献花给老师。 ○ 8、gradual ['gr? dju?l] adj.逐渐的;逐步的 gradually ['gr? dj??li] adv.逐步地;渐渐地(= little by little) a gradual increase 逐渐增加 a gradual recovery 逐渐康复 The change was so gradual that nobody has noticed it.变化太缓慢了,没人注意到。 Her long illness gradually weakened her strength.长期的患病使她的体力渐渐衰竭。 In the good care of the nurses, the boy is gradually recovering from his heart operation. (2009 年高考浙江卷) 在护士们的精心护理下,那个做了心脏手术的男孩逐渐康复起来。 9、make use of 利用;使用 Now that you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. 你既然得到了一个机会,你就该好好地利用它。 ① So by the 1600's Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. 到十七世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比任何时候都大。 ② We must ___________ to study. 我们必须利用每一分钟去学习。 ③ You can make any use of it as you like. 这个你随便用。 思维拓展:看看还有哪些跟 make use of 相关的词组 make good use of 好好利用 make the best use of 善用,充分利用 make full use of 充分利用 make the most use of 尽量利用 小试牛刀:④ We should encourage him to ___________ his talent. 我们应该鼓励他充分发挥他的才能。 10. latter ['l? t?] adj.(两者中)后者的 n.(两者中)后者 later ['leit?] adv. 后来;过后 Many support the former alternative, but personally I favour the latter. 很多人都赞成前一种办法,但我个人喜欢后一种。
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万福中学高一英语导学案
Of the two the latter is far better than the former. 两者中后者比前者好得多。 Virtue and vice are different: the former leads to peace, the latter to sufferings. 美德与邪恶不同,前者带来和平,后者导致痛苦。 11. identity [ai'dentiti] n.身份;特性;特征;相同处;一致性 The police are trying to find out the identity of the woman killed in the traffic accident. 警方正在努力查明在车祸中丧生的妇女的身份。 12. fluent ['flu(:)?nt] adj. 流畅的; 流利的 Though brought up in America, he can speak fluent Chinese. 尽管他在美国长大,但却能说一口流利的汉语。 He speaks English well, but of course not so fluently as a native speaker. 他英语讲得很好,当然不如本族人说得那么流利。 13. 辨析 namely 和 such as 前者所举的例子必须如数举出; 而后者只需举出其中的两个。 She knows four foreign languages, namely, English, French, Japanese, and Chinese. 她懂得 4 国外语,它们是英语,法语,日语和汉语。 She knows four foreign languages, such as English and French. 她懂得 4 国外语,例如英语,法语等。 Materials such as paper or metal can be collected, sorted, treated and used again. 像纸或金属这样的材料可以被收集、分类、处理和再利用。 14. expression [iks'pre??n] n.[U]表示;表达 [C]表情;措辞;词句 past / beyond expression 无法形容;无法表达 a fixed / technical expression 固定说法/术语 There’s no truth in his expressions of friendship. 他满口友好,其实毫无诚意。 I sent them flowers as an expression of thanks.我给他们送去鲜花表示感谢。 Her facial expression suggested that she was not telling the truth.她的脸色表明她没说实话。 15. frequent adj. 时常发生的, 常见的 vt 常到, 光顾, 常与…交往 Research is also advanced by frequent conference to exchange experience. 经常开会交流经验也促进了研究工作的发展。 Traffic accidents are alarmingly frequent of late. 近来交通事故频繁得吓人。 He frequents the local restaurants. 他经常光顾当地的餐馆。 16. command n. 命令,指挥, 控制;掌握; 运用力, 控制力;部队, 兵团; 指挥部 The general issued a command that all of them should come at six o’clock. 将军颁布了一道命令, 所有的人都要在六点钟到。 The army is under the king’s direct command. 军队由国王直接统帅。 He has a good command of French. 他的法文很好。 Do you know where’s the United Nations Command? 你知道联合国部队司令部在什么地方吗? You have no right to command. 你没有权利指挥。 command vi. 指挥; 控制 vt. 命令,掌握,支配 He commanded that man go at once. 他命令那个人马上走。 The captain of a ship commands all the officers and men. 舰长统率舰上的全体官兵。 17. request [ri'kwest] v.&n.请求; 要求 at the request of sb. / at one’s request 应某人的请求 by request (of) 应…的请求(邀请) make a request 要求;提出请求 on / upon request 经要求 request sb. to attend the ceremony 邀请某人参加典礼 The band will play on request. 乐队可以点奏。 They've made an urgent request for international aid. 他们紧急请求国际援助。 Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits. 要求游客不要触摸展览品。 All I request of you is that you be punctual. 我只求你准时。 Your presence is immediately requested. 即请光临。 request that …(should) +v 原形 Despite repeated requests that they (should) make less noise, they went on playing their music at full volume. 尽管一再要求他们不要那么吵,他们还是用最大音量放音乐。 (注:request 表示“要求”时,其后的从句用虚拟 语气,should 可省略)
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万福中学高一英语导学案
Don’t respond to any e-mails requesting personal information, no matter how official they look. 不要理会任何索要你个人信息的邮件,不管邮件看上去是多么正式。 18. play a part in 在…中起作用 Women play a very important part in socialist construction. 妇女在社会主义建设中起着很重要的作用。 In a play singing and acting play an important part. 在戏剧中唱和表演起很重要的作用。 19. recognize vt. 辨认出;承认;公认 (回归课本 P13) Although many Americans move a lot,they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. 虽然美国人经常搬迁,但他们仍然能识别并理解彼此的方言。 [归纳拓展] recognize sb./one’s voice 认出某人/听出某人的声音 recognize sb./sth.as/to be...承认某人(物)是…… be recognized as... 被公认为/承认是…… It is recognized that... 人们公认…… (2) recognition n.认出;认识 out of / beyond recognition 认不出来 [例句探源] ①The moment I picked up the phone, I recognized his voice. 我一拿起电话就听出了他的声音。 ②I recognize that I am not fit for the job. 我认识到我不适合这个工作。 ③ (牛津 P1658)Drugs were not recognized as a problem then. 那时候还没把毒品看成严重问题。 [易混辨析] recognize,know (1) recognize 指原来很熟悉,经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来,是终止性动词。 (2)know 是延续性动词,指相互间十分熟悉和了解。 [即境活用] 完成句子 (1)虽然他们 10 年没有见面了,但是他们一眼就认出对方来了。 Although they hadn’t met for 10 years, they ________ each other at first sight. (2) 我认识他 10 年了。但他变化如此大,我刚才没有认出来。 I have ________ him for ten years.But I didn’t ________ him just now because he has changed so much. 20. accent ['? ks?nt] n. ①重音 ②重音符号 ③音调;腔调;口音 in broken accent 泣不成声地 His strong local accent added difficulty to our understanding of him. 他当地口音很浓,这给我们听懂他说的话增添了困难。 21. straight [streit] adj.&adv.直的(地);坦率的(地);直接地 come straight to the point 直入本题,开门见山 The road is straight and it has no bends at all. 这条路很直,没有一点弯。 He went to bed straight after supper. 他吃好晚饭就去睡了。 Tell me straight what you think of the plan. 请把你对这个计划的看法坦白地告诉我。 Barry stood at the door, hesitating. Should he walk straight in or knock at the door first? 贝雷站在门口犹豫不决,是直接进去还是先敲门? 22. block [bl?k] n.[C]①(巨)块;木头;石块;金属块 ②[美]街区;街段 ③[英]大厦;大楼 ④阻塞物;障碍物 vt.①阻塞;拦阻 ②封锁 ③使成块状 ④冻结 a block of stone 一大块石头 a block of flats 一幢公寓大楼 put up a road block 设置路障 a block in traffic (= a traffic block) 交通的堵塞 They are putting up several new buildings in that block. 他们正在那一街区建几幢楼房。 Roadblocks were set by the police to catch the escaped prisoner. 警察为抓住逃犯而设置了路障。 The store is three blocks away.那家商店距此三条街。 He has a block when it comes to math.一碰上数学,他的脑子就木了。 There is a block in the pipe and the water can't flow away. 管子里有阻塞物,水流不出去。 He shouted abuse at the beggar blocking his way. 他对挡着他的路的乞丐破口大骂。

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万福中学高一英语导学案
Ⅰ. 核心词汇 1. Not having seen him for a long time, I can hardly ____________ (认出) him. 2. They went____________(直接) home without stopping at the gas station, for it was too late. 3. The result of the long police investigation is that the ____________ (身份) of the killer is still a complete mystery. 4. I know from the young man’s ____________(口音)that he is from the South. 5. You’d better find a ______________ (本地人)to tell you how to get there. 6. Follow the ____________(说明) that your doctor gives you. 7. Reading is one of the best ways of enlarging your ___________(词汇量). 8. ____________ on a real story happening in Shenzhen, the film attracted a lot of audience. (base) 9. He is a strong ____________ and he ____________ the whole nation with an iron hand. (government) 10. Recovery from the disease is very ____________. As the weather ____________ becomes warmer and warmer, he will pick up. (gradual) 1. recognize 2. straight 3. identity 4. accent 5. native 6. directions 7. vocabulary 8. Based 9. governor;governs 10. gradual;gradually

in one direction 朝一个方向 be different from 与…不同 in the 1600’s = in the 1600s give commands 命令 as a rule 通常;照例 be native to 是?的土产动物/植物 as we know 正如我们所知 an international language 一门国际语言 an international organization 一个国际组织 play a role/ part (in) 在?中担任角色; 在?中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与 play an important role/ part 在?中起重要作用 because of 因为;由于

1. come up 上来; 走近;发生;升起; 长出来; 响起, 刮起,开庭,显露光泽, 开始发光;提到, 提及 While we were talking, a man came up. 我们正在谈话时, 一个人走了过来。 I expect something to come up soon. 我预料很快就要出事的。 The sky was dark blue and clear when the moon came up. 月亮出来时, 天空是深蓝色的, 非常晴朗。 An important witness was absent when the case came up. 开庭时, 有个重要的证人没有出席。 The silver has come up beautifully. 那银器显露出美丽的光泽。 The project came up in their conversation. 他们在谈话中提到了这项工程。 3. make use of 使用,利用 We should make use of the chance. 我们应该利用机会。 Waste material must is make full use of. 废弃材料必须充分利用。 4. at present 目前, 现在 That firm is looking for a new accountant. At present the salary they will offer has been left open. 那家公司正在物色一位新的会计, 工资多少尚未确定。 He is all right at present. 现在他没事了。 5. because of 因为, 由于 It was because of the job that he had taken the flat. 他因为工作的原因租了那套公寓。
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万福中学高一英语导学案
She is here because of me. 她是因为我而到这里来的。

1. Because of that, English began to be spoken in many countries. because & because of :因为,由于 (1)Because you are concerned about me, I find that life is full of hope. (2)Because of your concern, I find that life is full of hope. 因为你的关心,我发现生活充满了希望。 (1)Because it rained heavily, the boy went back home through the woods. (2)Because of the heavy rain, the boy went back home through the woods. 因为雨下得很大,那个男孩穿过树林回家了。 2. Actually, it was based more on German than present day English. (1) Actually: 事实上,实际上 adv (2) be…..based on:以…..为基础 扩充:It is + adj+ of /for sb to do sth 当句式中形容词修饰 to do sth 时用 for; 若形容词修饰 sb,则用 of。 E.g. It’s kind of you to help me carry the box. 3. …there is more than one kind of English in the world. more than one+单数可数名词,作主语时,谓语用单数。 4. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. 当句式中形容词修饰 to do sth 时用 for; 若形容词修饰 sb,则用 of。 E.g. It’s kind of you to help me carry the box. 3. …there is more than one kind of English in the world. more than one+单数可数名词,作主语时,谓语用单数。 4. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. 对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。 句型:It is + adj / n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是… It is difficult for him to walk so long in the rain. 对他而言,在雨中走了这么久是很不容易的。 Ⅱ. 高频短语 1.________________ 因为;由于 2.________________ 3.________________ 现在;目前 4.________________ 5.________________ 例如??;像这种的 6.________________ 7.________________ 即使 8.________________ 1.because of 2. 3.at present 4.make use of 5.such as 6.play a part(in) 7.even if 8.be based on Ⅲ. 重点句式 一、 表达命令的句型 1. Don’t +动词原+宾语+其他:不要做某事 2. 主语+had better +宾语+其他:最好不要做某事 3. Don’t let +宾语+动词原形+其他:不要让某人(某物)做某事 4. Never +动词原形+其他:不要再做某事 5. Don’t be +表语:不要…… 6. ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事 二、请求的句型 1. would you please...?
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利用;使用 扮演一个角色;参与 以??为基础

万福中学高一英语导学案
could you please...? 你能…吗?/你可以…吗? 2. Would you mind +动词原形: 如果不介意的话….. 3. How about +动名词+其他: …..怎么样可以么? 4. Please +动词原形:请…… 5. Would you like +动词原形:…..可以么? 请求与命令的转述方式 一、注意所使用的动词 英语常用的表示命令、请求和建议的动词有 advise, ask, invite, order, remind, request, tell, warn 等。 advise vt. 劝告;建议 My mother advised me to wear my best clothes. 我妈妈建议我穿上最好的衣服。 2. ask vt. 请求;邀请 I asked them to come to my house for dinner. 我请他们来我家吃饭。 3. invite vt. 邀请 Lisa invited us to come to her party. Lisa 邀请我们参加她的聚会。 4. order vt. 命令;指挥 They ordered him not to stop. 他们命令他不要停下。 5. remind vt. 使想起;提醒 Remind me to write to Mother. 请提醒我给妈妈写信。 6. request vt. 要求;请求 We request the visitors not to pick the flowers. 我们要求参观者不要摘花。 7. tell v.t.告诉;告诫;命令;警告 I told you not to do it. 我叫你不要做这个。 8. warn v.t. 警告;告诫(常与 of 连用) 指对于确实的危险所作的警告,具有命令的意思。 She was warned not to come in the room. 她被警告不得进入那间屋子 由此可见 ,上述动词作谓语时有一个共同的特点 ,即都可以使用如下句型 : advise / ask / invite / order / remind / request / tell / warn sb. to do sth. 建议/要求/邀请某人做某事。如果是否定句,则在 to 前加 not。在 这个句型中,不定式作宾语补足语。 三、注意由直接引语变为间接引语句子的方法。 要注意直接说的话(称为直接引语)与转述的话(称为间接引语)在表达上是不一样的。由于表示的是命令、 请求和建议,所以直接说的话多用祈使句式。 1. 肯定句的变法 Please read English in the morning, Jim, said Miss Liu. → Miss Liu asked Jim to read English in the morning. 2. 否定句的变法 Don't talk in class, Mr. Green warned me. →Mr Green warned me not to talk in class. The expressions that can express commands: Correct your spelling mistakes Go and…! Do that now! Say that again! Hold that again! Take the dog for a walk! The expressions that can express requests: How do you spell that please? Would you do that more slowly? Please… would you please…? Could you repeat that sentence? Would you please speak more slowly? Can I sit here and wait for the doctor? The exercises for retelling direct speech to indirect speech.
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万福中学高一英语导学案
1. The children said to their teacher: “would you please sing a song for us?” 2. The mother said to her child: “turn off the radio.” 3. The dentist said to a patient: “open your mouth please, so I can see the bad tooth clearly.” 4. The secretary said to the woman on the phone: “ could you hold on for a minute?” 5. John said to his classmate: “ can I borrow you pen please?” 6. The teacher said to his student: “come up to my office!” Suggested answers for the exercises: 1. The children asked their teacher to sing a song for them. (request) 2. The mother told her child to turn off the radio. (command) 3. The dentist asked his/her patient to open his/her mouth so that he/she could see the bad tooth clearly. (request) 4. The secretary asked the woman on the phone to hold on for a minute or two. (request) Suggested answers for the exercises: 5. John asked his classmate if he could borrow his pen (request) 6. The teacher told his /her student to come up to his/her office. (command)

1. Today, ____________ people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language ____________ ever before. 如今说英语的人比以往任何时候都多了,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或外语。 2. Native English speakers can understand each other __________ they don’t speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互理解。 3. Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and ________________ each other. 事实上,当不同文化互相交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所变化、有所发展的。 4. ____________ more ____________ German than the English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语不是。 5. ________________, there is ________________ as standard English. 信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。 1. more;than 2. even if 3. communicate with 4. It was based;on 5. Believe it or not;no such thing Ⅳ. 知识详解 1. command n.[C]命令,指令;[U]掌握 vt. 命令; 指挥, 支配; 博得, 赢得 (回归课本 P12)Can you find the following command and request from Reading? 你能从阅读中找出下面的命令和要求吗? [归纳拓展] (1) at sb.’s command 听某人的支配 in command of 指挥;控制 under one’s command 由……指挥 take command of 控制;担任……的指挥 have a good command of 很好地掌握,精通 (2) command sb.to do sth. 命令某人做某事 command that...(should)do...命令……做…… [例句探源] ①(牛津 P390) The police arrived and took command of the situation. 警察到达后就控制了局势。 ②Applicants will be expected to have a good command of computer skills. 申请人必须有很好的电脑技能。 ③The general commanded that we attack at once. 将军下令我们立刻发起进攻。 [即境活用] 1. In order to have a good________of English,he resigned and went abroad. A. command B. need C. master D. direction 解析:选 A。句意:为了很好地掌握英语,他辞了职到国外去了。have a good command of 表示“很好地 掌握”的意思。
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万福中学高一英语导学案
2. He commanded that the students ________ the classroom before he returned. A. didn’t leave B.wouldn’t leave C. needn’t leave D.not leave 解析 : 选 D 。 本题考查 command 后 that 从句应用虚拟语气的用法 , 具体表示为 : 从句谓语部分用 “should(not)+动词原形”形式,should 可以省略。 2. request n.& vt. 请求;要求 (回归课本 P12) In English you use a command or a request when you want someone to do something. 在英语中,当你想让别人做事时,你使用命令或请求方式。 [归纳拓展] (1) make (a) request for 请求;要求…… at sb.’s request=at the request of sb.应某人之要求 (2) request sb.to do sth.请求/要求某人做某事 request that...(should)do sth.请求……做某事 request sth.from/of sb. 向某人请求某物 [例句探源] ①(朗文 P1280) They have made an urgent request for international aid. 他们紧急请求国际援助。 ②(牛津 P1693)You are requested not to smoke in the restaurant. 请不要在餐馆吸烟。 ③(牛津 P1693)He was there at the request of his manager. 他按经理的要求到了那里。 ④(牛津 P1693)She requested that no one (should) be told of her decision. 她要求不要向任何人谈起她的决定。 【巧学助记】 常用(should)+do 构成虚拟语气的动词口诀: 一坚持:insist 二命令:order, command 三建议:advise, suggest, propose 四要求:request, require, demand, desire [即境活用] 3. I’m sorry that I cannot accept your________to attend your birthday party, Linda, because I’m ________to answer all the customers’ letters tonight by my boss. A. requirement; required B. demand; requested C. request; asked D. request; required 解析:选 D。句意:对不起 Linda,我不能接受参加你生日宴会的邀请,因为老板要求我今晚把顾客的 来信全部回完。第一个空表示邀请或请求,用 request;第二个是老板的要求,用 required。 4. Don’t respond to any e?mails________ personal information, no matter how official they look. A. searching B. asking C. requesting D. questioning 解析:选 C。ask for sth.和 request sth.都可表示“要求某事物”,而 question sth.为“对某事物提出质疑”; search a place 表“搜某处”。 5. I shouldn’t have accepted the man’s present,but I found it difficult to turn down his________. A. offer B. request C. suggestion D. plan 解析:选 A。本题考查名词辨析。从句子的意思分析,此处用名词 offer,表示无法拒绝他的这种好意: 主动给予礼物。 3. recognize vt. 辨认出;承认;公认 (回归课本 P13) Although many Americans move a lot,they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. 虽然美国人经常搬迁,但他们仍然能识别并理解彼此的方言。 [归纳拓展] recognize sb./one’s voice 认出某人/听出某人的声音 recognize sb./sth.as/to be...承认某人(物)是…… be recognized as... 被公认为/承认是…… It is recognized that... 人们公认…… (2) recognition n.认出;认识 out of / beyond recognition 认不出来 [例句探源] ①The moment I picked up the phone, I recognized his voice. 我一拿起电话就听出了他的声音。 ②I recognize that I am not fit for the job. 我认识到我不适合这个工作。 ③ (牛津 P1658)Drugs were not recognized as a problem then. 那时候还没把毒品看成严重问题。 [易混辨析] recognize,know (1) recognize 指原来很熟悉,经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来,是终止性动词。 (2)know 是延续性动词,指相互间十分熟悉和了解。 [即境活用] 6. 完成句子
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万福中学高一英语导学案
(1)虽然他们 10 年没有见面了,但是他们一眼就认出对方来了。 Although they hadn’t met for 10 years, they ________ each other at first sight. 答案:recognized (2) 我认识他 10 年了。但他变化如此大,我刚才没有认出来。 I have ________ him for ten years.But I didn’t ________ him just now because he has changed so much. 答案:known;recognize 4. because of 因为……,由于……的缘故 (回归课本 P9) Later in the next century,people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that,English began to be spoken in many other countries. 在下一个世纪晚期,来自英国的人 们长途跋涉去征服世界的其他地方,也是由于这一点,英语在许多国家得到使用。 [例句探源] ① (牛津 P159)He walked slowly because of his bad leg. 他因为腿不方便而行走缓慢。 ② He was very angry because of what you said. 由于你说的话,他非常生气。 [易混辨析] because of, owing to, due to, thanks to 这四个短语都有“由于”, “因为”的意思, 都是介词短语, 因此后面不可接从句。 (1) because of 意为“由于, 因为”, 强调因果关系, 在句中一般作状语。 (2) owing to 与 because of 一样, 也强调因果关系, 作表语或状语。 (3) due to 引出造成后果的原因, 在句中常作表语、状语。作状语时与 owing to 同义, 但 due to 一般不置于 句首。 ① Liu Xiang gave up the competition because of his injury. ② The game was cancelled owing to the heavy rain. ③ The team’s success was largely due to her efforts. (4) thanks to 只能用作状语, 可以表达正面意思“幸亏”。 ④ It was a great success—thanks to a lot of hard work. [即境活用] 7. —Did you return Fred’s call? — I didn’t need to________I’ll see him tomorrow. A. though B. unless C. when D. because 解析:选 D。句意:——你给 Fred 回电话了吗?——我没必要,因为明天我要去见他。though“虽然”; unless“除非”;when“当……时”;because“因为”。 8. The openair celebration has been put off ________ the bad weather. A. in case of B. in spite of C. instead of D. because of 解析:选 D。句意: 户外庆典由于恶劣天气被推迟了。in case of“万一”;in spite of“尽管”;instead of“代 替”;because of “因为”。 9. Tom, together with his classmates, ________because of________the school rule. A. was punished; obeying B. were punished; breaking C. was punished; breaking D. were punished; obeying 解析:选 C。together with...短语只是句中主语 Tom 的补充成分,句子谓语还应根据主语 Tom 来决定,用 单数;而 because of 后接名词或动名词。break the rule“违反规则”;obey the rule“遵守规则”。 5. come up 走近;上来;发芽;发生;被提出;(太阳、月亮等) 升起 (回归课本 P10) I’d like to come up to your apartment. 我愿意来你的公寓。 [归纳拓展] come about 发生 come across(偶然)遇见 come out(照片上)显露;结果是;出版 come to 恢复知觉;共计;达到(某种状态) come up with 提出 come along 一道来;一起去;进步;赶快 [例句探源] ①Your question came up at the meeting. 你的问题在会上被提出来讨论了。 ②(朗文 P286) I’ll let you know if anything comes up. 如果发生什么事,我会告诉你的。 ③ I came up with a proposal and it soon came up at the meeting. 我想出一条建议,很快这条建议在会上被提出来了。
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万福中学高一英语导学案
④ I’ll never understand how it came about that you were late three times a week. 我就不明白你为何一周迟到三次。 ⑤ I came across an old school friend in Oxford Street this morning. 今早我在牛津大街碰见了一位老校友。 [即境活用] 10. (2010 年亳州模拟)Facing the emergency, we were at a loss and none of us could ________ a solution to the problem. A. come about B. come out C. come up D. come up with 解析:选 D。句意:面对危机,我们不知所措,没有人想出解决问题的方法。come up with“想出”,符合 句意。 11. A famous writer’s new book My New Life will ________next month. A. come across B. come out C. come along D. come up 解析:选 B。come out“出版”,符合句意。come across“(偶然)遇见”;come along“一道来,一起来”;come up“走近,被提出”。 6. make use of 利用,使用 (回归课本 P10)So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. 所以到 17 世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。 [归纳拓展] make full use of 充分利用 make good use of 好好利用 make little use of 不充分利用 make the most of 最好地利用 take full advantage of 充分利用 [例句探源] ① We should make the best use of our limited time. 我们应该充分利用我们有限的时间。 ② We should consider what use can be made of such a material. 我们应该考虑这样的材料被用来做什么。 ③ In my opinion,the old shopping bag can still be made use of. 依我来看,这个旧的购物包仍能使用。 [即境活用] 12. The money collected should be made good use________the people who suffered a lot in this terrible earthquake. A. of helping B.to help C. to helping D. of to help 解析:选 D。make good use of sth.好好利用,后边用不定式表示目的。 13. The manager of the company told us that very little________was made of the waste material in the past. A. cost B. value C. use D. matter 解析:选 C。注意 make use of 的被动形式。 Ⅴ. 句型梳理 1、【教材原句】Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.(P10) 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互理解。 【句法分析】 even if 或 even though 意为“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句。 ① (牛津 P683)I’ll get there even if I have to walk. 我就是走也要走到那儿。 ② I’ll go to her birthday party even if it rains tomorrow. 即使明天下雨,我也要去参加她的生日宴会。 ③ (2010 年高考安徽卷)The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities,even if they have the interest. 工程师很忙,尽管他们对户外运动感兴趣也没有时间运动。 [即境活用] 14. Allow children the space to voice their opinions ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (即使不同于你自己的观点). 答案:even if they are different from your own 2、【教材原句】 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.(P10) 当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语不是。 【句法分析】 more... than...与其说……倒不如说…… ① I was more angry than worried when they didn’t come home. 他们没回家,与其说我担心倒不如说我生气。 ② She was more sad than angry when her son lied. 当她的儿子撒谎时,与其说她生气倒不如说她伤心。 【温馨提示】 (1)more than+数词,表示“超过,多于”。
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万福中学高一英语导学案
(2) more than+名词,表示“不仅是,不只是”。 (3) more than+形容词/副词,表示“非常,十分”,与 very 同义。 (4) no more than=only 意为“只有,仅仅”;not more than 常用于数词之前,意为“至多,不超过”,其意义 相当于 at(the)most。 (5) no less than 不少于 ③ He is more than a scientist, he is also a poet. 他不仅仅是位科学家,还是一位诗人。 ④ I’m more than happy to take you there in my car. 我非常乐意用我的车带你去那里。 1. Lizzie was ____ to see her friend off at the airport. (2004,全国卷 IV) A a little more than sad B more than a little sad C sad more than a little D a little more than sad 解析:more than a little + adj. 表“非常”的意思。 [即境活用] 15. (2009 年高考浙江卷) It took________building supplies to construct these energy saving houses. It took brains, too. A. other than B. more than C. rather than D. less than 解析:选 B。句意:建造这些节能住宅不仅仅需要建筑用品,还需要用脑。more than 意为“不仅仅”,修 饰名词。other than 不同于,除了;rather than 宁可……也不愿,与其……倒不如;less than 不到,少于。 16. What a wonder! They’ve finished ________ half of the project in such a short time. A. no more than B. no less than C. not more than D. much less than 解析:选 B。句意:真是一个奇迹!他们在这么短的时间内就完成了多达一半的工程 。no more than(= only)“仅仅”;no less than(=as much as)“不少于,多达”;not more than(=less than)“少于,不多于”;much less than“比……少得多”。 2.—Would you please help me with the box? —______(2009,四川) A. Yes, please. B. No, please don’t. C. With pleasure. D. My pleasure. 解析:With pleasure. 表示答应别人的请求但是还没帮; My pleasure. 表示已经帮过忙了,是 回答别人感谢的用语。 3.Amy joined a painting group but didn’t seem to____, so she left. A. show off B. go up C. fit in D. come over 解析:show off “炫耀,卖弄”; go up “增多,兴建”; fit in “适应,相处融洽”; come over “来访, 拜访“。由 “…,so she left” 可知 C。

Ⅵ. 选用括号内词或词组的正确形式填空,每个词或词组仅用一次。 03 real, meaningful, over, offer, exist, imagine, achieve, value, share, take care, answer for, carry out Friends are very important to us. When in trouble, we need friends to 1)_________ us encouragement, support and help. With success achieved, we also need friends to 2)_________ our joys. It's hard to 3)__________ life without friendship! A person should make as many friends as he can. The more friends he has, the more 4)___________ his life will be. Similarly, a country, too, needs friends. China today, for example, has friends all 5)__________ the world. With the open policy being successfully 6)________ ______, she is certain to make more friends in the future.
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万福中学高一英语导学案
However, 7)_________ friends are not easy to find. That's why we highly 8)__________ our friendship with them. False friends also 9)_________. They may have a bad influence on our character and are even worse open enemies. Therefore, it is necessary for us to 10)_______ ______ in making friends. 1) offer 2) share 3) imagine 4) meaningful 5) over 6) carried out 7) real 8) value 9) exist 10) take care Ⅶ. 体验高考

21. _____, the great mother, in order to save her sick child, kept waiting for four hours in the heavy snow. A. It depends B. Take it easy C. Believe it or not D. It is OK 22. As we all know, many Chinese words have come into English, ______ typhoon, tofu and kung fu. A. for example B. that is C. such as D. so as to 23. Nobody knows the man killed in the accident, so it is difficult for the police to find out his _____. A. thought B. height C. weight D. identity 24. The teacher asked a difficult question, but finally Ted _____ a good answer. A. came up to B. came up with C. came over to D. came along with 25. Every farmer knows that weather _____ farming. A. plays a part in B. takes part in C. makes use of D. gets along with 26. “Do you have ...” is a common American _____; British speakers would be more likely to say “Have you got ...”. A. use B. usage C. usefulness D. user 27. My hometown has changed so much that I can’t _____ it. A. know B. understand C. recognize D. realize 28. There was no wind. The smoke rose _____ upward. A. strangely B. straight C. frequent D. frequently 29. The general used his power, and _____ his men to fire at once. A. requested B. asked C. conquered D. commanded 30. From her _____, I guess she must come from the West of America. A. sound B. voice C. accent D. noise 31. The change was so _____ that we hardly noticed it. A. actual B. actually C. gradual D. gradually 32. If you want to speak good English, a large _____ is needed. A. spelling B. vocabulary C. pratice D. memory 33. —Hello! Is Mr. John in the office? —Yes. But I’m sorry. He is busy _____ and can’t speak to you. A. at once B. at present C. at the end D. at first 34. The _____ language used in most international organizations is English. A. official B. native C. fluent D. separate 35. Here are Daphne and David; _____ is my brother. A. the later B. later C. the latter D. latter 21-25 CCDBA 26-30 BCBDC 31-35 CBBAC 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) Sudha Chandran, a classical dancer from India, had to have her right leg cut after a car accident. She was also 36 on her career road. Though the accident brought her bright career to a 37, she didn’t give up. In the 38 months that followed, Sudha met a doctor who developed an artificial (人造的) 39 made from rubber filled with sponge (海绵). So 40 she wanted to go back to 41 after she had been fitted with an artificial leg. Sudha knew that she believed in 42 and could realize her dream, 43 she began her courageous journey back to the world of dancing — 44 to balance, bend, stretch, walk, turn, twist and twirl. After every public recital (个人表演), she 45 ask her dad about her performance. “You 46 have
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万福中学高一英语导学案
a long way to go” was the answer she used to get 47 . In January 1984, Sudha made a historic 48 by giving a public recital in Bombay. She performed in such a great manner that it 49 everyone to tears and this 50 pushed her to the number one position again. That evening when she asked her dad the 51 question, he didn’t say anything. He just touched her feet as a praise. Sudha’s comeback was 52 moving an event that a film producer 53 to make the story into a hit film. When someone asked Sudha how she had 54 to dance again, she said quite simply, “YOU DON’T NEED FEET TO DANCE.” 55 is impossible in this world. If you have the will to win, you can achieve anything. 36. A. left alone B. cut off C. kept out D. put out 37. A. top B. height C. point D. stop 38. A. unforgettable B. painful C. busy D. free 39. A. flower B. leg C. gift D. box 40. A. strangely B. gradually C. heavily D. strongly 41. A. home B. school C. dancing D. walking 42. A. the doctor B. the stage C. herself D. her dad 43. A. however B. even C. since D. therefore 44. A. starting B. remembering C. wanting D. learning 45. A. could B. would C. should D. might 46. A. yet B. ever C. also D. still 47. A. in return B. in turn C. in surprise D. in anger 48. A. change B. movement C. comeback D. promise 49. A. made B. moved C. let D. forced 50. A. story B. performance C. decision D. accident 51. A. usual B. new C. normal D. interesting 52. A. such B. this C. very D. so 53. A. allowed B. pretended C. refused D. decided 54. A. tried B. managed C. thought D. imagined 55. A. Nothing B. Anything C. Something D. Everything 36-40 BDBBD 41-45 CCDDB 46-50 DACBB 51-55 ADDBA 第三部分: 阅读理解 English is the most widely used language in the history of our planet. One in every seven human beings can speak it. More than half of the world’s books and three quarters of international mail are in English. Of all languages, English has the largest vocabulary — perhaps as many as two million words. However, let’s face it: English is a crazy language. There is no egg in an eggplant, neither pine nor apple in a pineapple and no ham in a hamburger. Sweet-meats are candy, while sweetbreads, which aren’t sweet, are meat. We take English for granted. But when we explore its paradoxes (探讨它的矛盾), we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square, public bathrooms have no baths in them. And why is it that a writer writes, but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce, and hammers don’t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn’t the plural of booth be beeth? One goose, two geese — so one moose, two meese? How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? How can overlook and oversee be opposites, while quite a lot and quite a few are alike? How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell the next? English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects (反映) the creativity of human beings. That’s why, when stars are out, they are visible (能看见的); but when the lights are out, they are invisible. And why, when I wind up my watch, I start it; but when I wind up this essay, I end it. 56. According to the passage ______. A. sweet-meats and sweetbreads are different things B. there should be egg in an eggplant
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万福中学高一英语导学案
C. pineapples are the apples on the pine tree D. boxing rings should be round 57. Which of the following is the correct plural? A. Beeth. B. Geese. C. Meese. D. Tooth. 58. Which of the following includes two items which have the similar meaning? A. A wise man and a wise guy. B. Overlook and oversee. C. Quite a lot and quite a few. D. Hot as hell and cold as hell. 59. The underlined words “wind up” in the last paragraph probably mean “______”. A. blow B. roll up C. get hurt D. finish 60. Through the many paradoxes in the English language, the writer wants to show that human beings are ______. A. clever B. crazy C. lazy D. dull 56-60 ABCDA 第四部分: 写作 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:单句改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下列每个句子中均有一处错误,请找出并改正。 61. In the end of this term, the school will organize a summer camp. 62. The highway was closed because the heavy snow that had never been seen for fifty years. 63. The good use you make time is the key to improving your studies. 64. The large number of people in China are learning English now. 65. The result based on a lot of experiments. 66. Mary and Bob can understand each other since they don’t speak the same kind of English. 67. Some old people feel quite puzzled in the rapid changing world of computer technology. 68. In different part of the world, people have their own ways to celebrate the New Year. 69. My mother told me not play computer games on weekdays. 70. My little sister asked me don’t leave her alone at home. 61. In → At 62. because 后加 of 63. make 后加 of 64. The → A 65. based 前加 was / is 66. since → though / although 67. rapid → rapidly 68. part → parts 69. not 后加 to 70. don’t → not to 第二节:请根据括号中的提示, 把下列句子译成英语。 71. 希望我们学校的所有学生都能考上大学。(be expected to) 72. 如果你能充分利用时间,你的学习很快会好起来。(make use of) 73. 正当我十分焦急时,一个孩子走上前来,指给我去车站的路。(come up) 74. 在一些重要方面,英国英语和美国英语很不相同。(in some important ways) 75. 比起以前,现在越来越多的人意识到健康和快乐是最重要的。(than ever before)

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