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英语周报牛津模块九 Unit 3Task


Designing Beijing opera masks

Skills building 1: understanding adjectives describing characteristics or personality

Do you know how to describe people and things by using some adjectives in English?

Step 1: getting to know the characters
1. You will listen to a playwright talking about the different characters in a new opera based on a Western story, and then complete the notes about each character’s characteristics.

Answers

A: King Alfred:

stubborn, intelligent, powerful, fair The princess: intelligent, honest coolThe captain: brave, cool-headed, loyal, trustworthy The Prime minister: ambitious, dishonest King George: fierce, violent

2. One of the performers come to you and asks for your advice. He wants to play a role that is the opposite of his last role. Listen to the tape and finish Part B.

Answers: B disloyal; timid; untrustworthy; impulsive Role I choose for the performer: the captain

3. Read a magazine article about the meanings of different colors used in Beijing opera masks in Part C on page 43 and circle the colors according to the personality of the role. Answers: C red; purple; black

Skills building 2:

putting words in the correct order

Discussion:

1. How to ask the right questions in the right way?

For reference:
When asking a question, it is important to put the words in t he sentence in the correct order, other we may not get the answers we are looking for.

Discussion:

2. Raise some questions about Beijing opera masks.

For reference: 1. What color is used for a brave and loyal character in Beijing opera masks? 2. Is yellow suitable for a trustworthy character? Why or why not? 3. If the character has great intelligence and is very stubborn, what colors might we use in a mask?

Step 2: informing the performer
1. Read the guidelines on page 44 and go through the information listed in the table on page 44 and make sure how to answer the questions. 2. Acting: Work in pairs, making a dialogue. One acts as the performer and the other as the other as the director. When conducting the interview, you may refer to the information on page 42 and 43.

Sample answers
P=Performer D=Director P: Good morning, director. Could you spare me a few minutes to answer some questions? D: Sure, I would be glad to. What would you like to know about? P: I wonder what colors you are going to use for my role. D: Well, the colors for you are red, purple and black. P: Why did you choose these colors? D: Well, as you know, red is a color for brave and loyal characters; a purple face show a calm character and black can show the character is trustworthy.

P: I see. What colors are not suitable for this role. D: Colors like white, yellow, reddish purple, blue or green are not suitable for your role. P: Are there any particular reasons? D: Sure. In Beijing opera, the main color used on the face or mask tells the audience the character’s most significant quality. Generally speaking, white suggests dishonesty and betrayal; yellow symbolizes a character that has great intelligence and ambition; reddish purple indicates someone fair and noble; blue shows a moral and stubborn character and green tells that audience that the character is easily angered and violent.

P: Oh, there’s so much to see. Can you tell me a typical character that a color may symbolize? D: Guan Yu, a general from that Three Kingdoms Period. You know he is famous for being very loyal to his emperor, Liu Bei. P: So he must have a red face. D: Exactly, Cao Cao and Qin Hui should have typical a white faces as they are evil characters. For fierce and violent characters like Zhang Fei and Li Kui, we use black face paint. P: That sounds interesting. Thank you very much. I think your explanation helps me understand the role much better. D: You’re welcome.

For Reference: Face-painting in Beijing opera Face-painting—The make-up that the Beijing Opera puts on the actor's face also has a special characteristic for displaying the character of the specific role. Using particular colors on the actor's face to symbolize their character and quality, role and destiny is not only the major characteristic of Beijing Opera, but also the key to understand the opera's plot. Simply speaking, the red painted-face has the commendatory meaning, representing allegiance and gallantry; The black painted-face is more neutral, representing valor and wise; The blue and the green ones are also neutrality, representing the bold and courageous hero; The yellow and the white painted-faces has the derogatory meaning, representing atrocity and duplicity; The golden and the argentite painted-faces are more mystical, representing god or a monster.

Skills building 3: recording information

1. Group work: You are to work in groups of four and create a table to introduce your classmates. Then your will be required to give a presentation to other group members according to the categories you have designed.
Suggested categories: Name: ___________________; Sex___________________; Age: ___________________: Likes: ___________________ Dislikes: ___________________ Dream: ___________________

Step 3: recording information about your mask. 1. Read the instructions in Step 3, so you can learn that you are going to record information about why you designed the mask the way you did. You need to create a table and finish it with the information you have gathered in Steps 1 and 2. 2. Work in small groups to design the record.

Language points

1. Beijing opera roles require performers to paint their faces in patterns and colors to help display the dimensions and depth of the character’s personality. (P43)
1). character character (PERSON) noun [C] a person, especially when you are describing a particular quality that they have: 人物 She's a curious character—I don't really know what to think of her. There were one or two strange-looking characters hanging around the bar.

INFORMAL someone whose behavior is different from most people's, especially in a way that is interesting or amusing: 性格、个性 性格、 He's quite a character/a real character, is Ted - he's seventy now and still riding that motorbike. 1. (2005上海 上海) 上海 He proved himself a true gentleman and the beauty of his ________ was seen at its best when he D worked with others. A. temper B. appearance C. talent D. character

2. Used in combination with other colors, though, or where it is not the main color, black can also show that someone is loyal and trustworthy. (P43)
1). though conjunction;despite the fact that: 尽管 ; She hasn't phoned, even though she said she would. adverb;despite this: 尽管、然而 尽管、 ; We were at school together. I haven't seen her for years though.

1. (2005江苏 江苏) 江苏 ---How is everything going on with you in Europe? A ---Quite well. Not so smoothly as I hoped, _______. A. though B. instead C. either D. too

Homework
1. Review this part and make sure you know how to ask questions in right way and how to record information. 2. Surf the Internet to get more information about Beijing opera.


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